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Results 201 - 250 of 330
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Allen Richard M - - 2003
Earthquake mitigation efforts in the United States currently use long-term probabilistic hazard assessments and rapid post-earthquake notification to reduce the potential damage of earthquakes. Here we present the seismological design for and demonstrate the feasibility of a short-term hazard warning system. Using data from past earthquakes, we show that our ...
Hofmann Helmut - - 2003
The concept of a mean first passage time is used to study the time lapse over which a fissioning system may emit light particles. The influence of the "transient" and "saddle to scission times" on this emission are critically examined. It is argued that within the limits of Kramers's picture ...
Orvain F - - 2003
Experiments were performed to evaluate short-term changes in sediment extracellular carbohydrates for a multispecific assemblage of benthic diatoms in relation to physiological status, endogenous migratory rhythms, and environmental conditions. For this purpose, a mesocosm was used, which simulated both tidal and dark: light alternating cycles under controlled conditions. Scanning electronic ...
Jönsson Peter - - 2003
The aim of the present study was to examine autonomic function in response to negatively and positively valenced pictures under different levels of conscious recognition. Heart period variability (HPV) and heart rate (HR) reactivity were studied in 53 males and females who were being shown pictures of angry and happy ...
Marazziti D - - 2003
In these last years, emotions and feelings, such as attachment, couple and parental bonding and even love, typical of higher mammals, neglected for centuries by experimental sciences, have become the topic of extensive neuroscientific research in order to elucidate their biological mechanisms. Several observations have highlighted the role of monoamines ...
Swartz Melody A - - 2002
The management and control of tissue fluid balance depends on the highly regulated orchestration of various interstitial factors. In particular, lymphatic function, lymphatic biology, and development (lymphangiogenesis), and the extracellular matrix all contribute to interstitial fluid balance. In light of the dynamic interdependence of these factors, our lab has been ...
Celani Antonio - - 2002
Active and passive scalars transported by an incompressible two-dimensional conductive fluid are investigated. It is shown that a passive scalar displays a direct cascade towards the small scales while the active magnetic potential builds up large-scale structures in an inverse cascade process. Correlations between scalar input and particle trajectories are ...
Dixon James A - - 2002
Microgenetic research has identified 2 different types of processes that produce representational change: theory revision and redescription. Both processes have been implicated as important sources of developmental change, but their relative status across development has not been addressed. The current study investigated whether (a) the process of representational change undergoes ...
Tomizawa Yasuko - - 2002
In angiogenic research, quantitative measurement of newly formed vessels is essential for precise evaluation of angiogenesis. Although the rabbit ear chamber (REC) model provides a system for in vivo viewing of capillaries, macroscopic photographs of capillaries are unsatisfactory due to the transparent reflecting material used in the windows/chambers. We designed ...
Lin Aiming - - 2002
Field investigations show that the surface wave magnitude (Ms) 8.1 Central Kunlun earthquake (Tibetan plateau) of 14 November 2001 produced a nearly 400-kilometer-long surface rupture zone, with as much as 16.3 meters of left-lateral strike-slip along the active Kunlun fault in northern Tibet. The rupture length and maximum displacement are ...
Rotteveel M - - 2001
The finding of stronger affective priming in less conscious (suboptimal) conditions than in fully conscious (optimal) conditions (S. T. Murphy & R. B. Zajonc, 1993) is theoretically important because it contradicts notions that emotions are primarily reflected by conscious states. In 2 experiments, this pattern of results was obtained. Happy ...
Hubbard T L - - 2001
The effect of height in the picture plane on the remembered location of ascending or descending targets was examined. Consistent with previous research, memory was displaced forward in the direction of motion. The magnitude of forward displacement was larger for targets low in the picture plane than for targets high ...
Frazier L - - 2001
The gender of an initial adjectival phase (AP) influences the analysis of a phrase which is a potential main clause subject in French. Pynte and Colonna (this issue) establish this generalization but analyze it without considering critical aspects of sentence structure, specifically, the fact that the AP has a null ...
Porto M - - 2001
The hopping motion of noninteracting classical particles through nonsymmetric potentials is investigated in the case of alternating local bias. Different to the case of alternating global bias, a resonancelike behavior is observed. The system exhibits rectification effects in the regime of small to medium bias, whereas rectification effects are absent ...
Dahan D - - 2001
In two experiments, eye movements were monitored as participants followed spoken instructions to click on and move pictures with a computer mouse. In Experiment 1, a referent picture (e.g., the picture of a bench) was presented along with three pictures, two of which had names that shared the same initial ...
Gomberg J - - 2001
The proximity and similarity of the 1992, magnitude 7.3 Landers and 1999, magnitude 7.1 Hector Mine earthquakes in California permit testing of earthquake triggering hypotheses not previously possible. The Hector Mine earthquake confirmed inferences that transient, oscillatory 'dynamic' deformations radiated as seismic waves can trigger seismicity rate increases, as proposed ...
Kising J - - 2001
The torsion ultrasonic welding process and the frequency decoupled circular friction process at low frequencies deliver low particle production. In addition, the even, circular movement of the circular welding process over the whole seam area and the freely selectable frequency open up applications in the medical field that cannot be ...
Cubelli R - - 2001
In this study eight patients with left neglect were asked to name chimerical pictures of objects and animals with different spatial orientation: standard upright position, rotated 180 degrees, rotated 90 degrees to the right, and rotated 90 degrees to the left. All patients showed the typical pattern of egocentric neglect. ...
Rips L J - - 2001
According to one view of reasoning, people can evaluate arguments in at least two qualitatively different ways: in terms of their deductive correctness and in terms of their inductive strength. According to a second view, assessments of both correctness and strength are a function of an argument's position on a ...
Yu R - - 2001
To obtain a full picture of microtubule (MT) behavior during the opening and closure of guard cells we have microinjected living guard cells of Vicia faba with fluorescent tubulin, examined fine detail by freeze shattering fixed cells, and used drug treatments to confirm aspects of MT dynamics. Cortical MTs in ...
Testorf M - - 2000
The Wigner distribution function is used to analyze moiré patterns that originate from a superposition of nonperiodic masks. For patterns with well-defined local frequencies, the concept of the Wigner distribution function allows one to extend the description of the moiré effect in terms of vector sums. How this picture can ...
Kennedy J M - - 2000
A blind man (E.A.) was asked to draw pictures suggesting wheels in various kinds of motion. Six pictures were drawn by E.A. The pictures were shown to sighted subjects, who were asked to assign labels to the pictures, in a multiple-choice format. The labels were assigned at a rate above ...
Vansteenwegen D - - 2000
In the present study, sensory preconditioning of human electrodermal activity was demonstrated. In the first phase of the experiment, two pairs of neutral pictures of human faces were presented (A/B and C/D) sequentially. In the second phase, one picture of one pair was immediately followed by an electrocutaneous stimulus (B+), ...
Konieczny L - - 2000
Two experiments, an off-line acceptability judgment study and an on-line self-paced reading experiment, were conducted to tackle the question of locality-based preferences in sentence processing. The material consisted of German verb-final sentences containing a relative clause that was either host adjacent or extraposed. While the off-line data seem to reflect ...
Amorim M A - - 2000
Under appropriate conditions, an observer's memory for the final position of an abruptly halted moving object is distorted in the direction of the represented motion. This phenomenon is called "representational momentum" (RM). We examined the effect of mental imagery instructions on the modulation of spatial orientation processing by testing for ...
Brown J M - - 2000
The contribution of the magnocellular (M) pathway to perceptual completion and depth processing was examined by comparing performance under black-and-white conditions with isoluminant color and diffuse red background conditions expected to suppress M pathway activity. Participants identified the repeated figure in pictures where only fragments of the figures were visible. ...
Vogel S - - 2000
One cannot assume that resemblances between the mechanical devices of human technology and those produced by the evolutionary process reflect either specific copying of nature by people or some particular point of functional superiority. A third alternative is that the two mechanical contexts derive quite different advantages from a given ...
Ballesta L - - 2000
The location and dynamics of Posidonia oceanica beds were studied in the marine natural reserve of Cerbère-Banyuls-sur-Mer (eastern Pyrenees, France), through the mapping of bottom assemblages (transects and image processing) and the monitoring of fixed markers installed at the Posidonia oceanica lower limit. The surface area occupied by continuous beds ...
Lawson R - - 2000
Objects disoriented in plane away from the upright and objects rotated in depth producing foreshortening are harder to identify than canonical views. In Experiments 1 and 2, participants named pictures of familiar objects. There was no interaction between plane and depth rotation effects on initial presentation or after practice. Experiment ...
Parsons M - - 2000
Digenetic parasites, such as those of the order Kinetoplastida, must respond to extracellular and intracellular signals as they adapt to new environments within their different hosts. Evidence for signal transduction has been obtained for Trypanosoma brucei, T. cruzi and Leishmania, as reviewed here by Marilyn Parsons and Larry Ruben. Although ...
Rossberg AG - - 2000
We present the first quantitative verification of an amplitude description for systems with (nearly) spontaneously broken isotropy, in particular for the recently discovered abnormal-roll states. We also obtain a conclusive picture of the three-dimensional director configuration in a spatial period doubling phenomenon involving disclination loops. The first observation of two ...
Gotthardt S - - 1999
The movement of powder/granules within the reaction chambers of two continuously-operating granulators (Niro/Aeromatic-Fielder Contipharm and the Glatt Continuous Fluidized-Bed Granulator) was examined by adding dyestuffs to the powder-inlet. Comparison of the dye mass-fraction in the product with the appropriate transport equation indicated random mixing and transport within the product-chamber. Photographs ...
Tripathi R K - - 1999
Our prior nuclear absorption cross sections model [R.K. Tripathi, F.A. Cucinotta, J.W. Wilson, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B 117 (1996) 347; R.K. Tripathi, J.W. Wilson, F.A. Cucinotta, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B 129 (1997) 11] is extended for light systems (A < or = 4) where either both projectile and ...
Simons R F - - 1999
In the context of picture viewing, consistent and specific relationships have been found between two emotion dimensions (valence and arousal) and self-report, physiological and overt behavioral responses. Relationships between stimulus content and the emotion-response profile can also be modulated by the formal properties of stimulus presentation such as screen size. ...
Green A - - 1999
The topic involves two issues. They can be related either to different clinical pictures or to divergent opinions about the same clinical facts. But the above mentioned opposition can be found in Freud's work. Listening in analysis differentiates between situations where the distinction of affect and representation is blurred within ...
Yang T L - - 1999
In six experiments we demonstrate that the vertical-horizontal illusion that is evoked when viewing photographs and line drawings is relatively small, whereas the magnitude of this illusion when large objects are viewed is at least twice as great. Furthermore, we show that the illusion is due more to vertical overestimation ...
Peynircio─člu Z F - - 1998
This is the first reported research that explores the feeling of knowing (FOK) for musical stimuli. Subjects attempted to recall melodies and titles of musical pieces, made FOK ratings when recall failed, and then had a recognition test. With instrumental music (Experiment 1), more titles were recalled when melodies were ...
Chandra S - - 1998
Both sensory transduction and central processing of odor mixtures can give rise to several different kinds of interaction, which can influence how well individual components are perceived and processed. In particular, odor mixtures are believed to give rise to 'configural' or 'synthetic' properties that are not characteristic of the components. ...
Sherman J W - - 1998
According to the encoding flexibility model, stereotypes are efficient because they facilitate, in different ways, the encoding of both stereotype-consistent and stereotype-inconsistent information when capacity is low. Because stereotypical information is conceptually fluent, it may be easily understood, even when resources are scant. As a result, processing resources may shift ...
Gimbel H V - - 1998
The technique of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) has been used with very encouraging results in the treatment of all degrees of myopia and also shows considerable promise in the treatment of hyperopia. Compared with photorefractive keratectomy, LASIK is advantageous in causing minimal postoperative discomfort, in its rapid recovery of ...
Surakka V - - 1998
The purpose of the study was to investigate facial and emotional reactions while viewing two different types of smiles and the relation of emotional empathy to these reactions. Facial EMG was recorded from the orbicularis oculi and zygomaticus major muscle regions while subjects individually watched two blocks of stimuli. One ...
Wilga C - - 1998
Changes in the feeding mechanism with feeding behavior were investigated using high-speed video and electromyography to examine the kinematics and motor pattern of prey capture, manipulation and transport in the spiny dogfish Squalus acanthias (Squalidae: Squaliformes). In this study, Squalus acanthias used both suction and ram behaviors to capture and ...
Shinkle JR - - 1998
We have developed and characterized a system to analyze light effects on auxin transport independent of photosynthetic effects. Polar transport of [3H]indole-3-acetic acid through hypocotyl segments from etiolated cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) seedlings was increased in seedlings grown in dim-red light (DRL) (0.5 &mgr;mol m-2 s-1) relative to seedlings grown ...
Cowie R - - 1998
Simple pictures under everyday viewing conditions evoke impressions of surfaces oriented in depth. These impressions have been studied by measuring the slants of perceived surfaces, with probes (rotating arrowheads) designed to respect the distinctive character of depicted scenes. Converging arguments indicated that the perceived orientation of the probes was near ...
Spahl T J - - 1997
They say when you travel that you have to take 100 photographs per day to adequately cover an area such as Disney World, Hawaii, London, or some other such place. I thought at first that sounded ridiculous until I tried it myself. They were right. If you really try to ...
Sasaki H - - 1997
We propose and demonstrate a novel technique for direct pattern recognition of motion pictures based on frequency- and spatial-domain holography using a cryogenic Eu(3+):Y(2)SiO(5) crystal. The fast hole-burning speed of the crystal allows a moving image to be continuously recorded in it by a frequency-scanned laser. Using Fourier transform holography ...
Sutton S K - - 1997
Separate, extended series of positive, negative, and neutral pictures were presented to 24 (12 men, 12 women) undergraduates. Each series was presented on a different day, with full counterbalancing of presentation orders. Affective state was measured using (a) orbicularis oculi activity in response to acoustic startle probes during picture presentation, ...
Tallon-Baudry C - - 1997
The coherent representation of an object in the visual system has been suggested to be achieved by the synchronization in the gamma-band (30-70 Hz) of a distributed neuronal assembly. Here we measure variations of high-frequency activity on the human scalp. The experiment is designed to allow the comparison of two ...
Shimoyama I - - 1997
We recorded visual evoked potentials (VEPs) elicited with high or low imaginable Chinese characters (HIC or LIC), representing concrete objects or absolute concepts, respectively. A closed circle (CC) acts as control stimulus. These were displayed (at 1.6 degrees visual angle) for 35 ms on a TV monitor. Twenty-one channel VEPs ...
Donovan D - - 1997
Morphological analyses of pedal sole area and pedal waves were conducted for a range of speeds and body sizes in the abalone Haliotis kamtschatkana. The pedal sole of resting abalone increased in size disproportionately with animal volume (slope of log10-transformed data, b=0.83; expected slope for isometry, b0=0.67) and length (b=2.51; ...
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