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Barry Robert J RJ Centre for Psychophysics, Psychophysiology, and Psychopharmacology, Brain & Behaviour Research Institute and School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, - - 2014
We recently reported an auditory habituation series with counterbalanced indifferent and significant (counting) instructions. Time-frequency (t-f) analysis of electrooculogram-corrected EEG was used to explore event-related synchronization (ERS)/desynchronization (ERD) in four EEG bands using arbitrarily selected time epochs and traditional frequency ranges. ERS in delta, theta, and alpha, and subsequent ERD ...
Fieseler Georg G Center for Orthopedic Surgery, Hann. Münden, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Our objective was to investigate the influence of workload and consecutive changes on active range of motion and isometric strength of team handball athletes' throwing shoulders (TSs) because the available data are insufficient. In a longitudinal investigation, 31 professional male handball athletes underwent a clinical shoulder examination. Athletes were examined ...
Zaldo Carlos C Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, c/ Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz 3, E-28049 Madrid, Spain. - - 2014
Yb(3+)-sensitized, Ln(3+)(Er(3+), Pr(3+))-doped Y6O5F8 micron-sized bundles of highly crystalline individual nanotubes have been prepared through hydrothermal syntheses at 185 °C. The inhomogeneous broadening observed in their optical spectra is associated with the large distribution of crystal fields around Y(3+)(Ln(3+)) sites in the orthorhombic Pbcm Vernier-type Y6O5F8 host. Based on ratiometric ...
Mohlin Camilla C Department of Medicine and Optometry, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate rod and cone photoreceptor degeneration in organotypic cultures of adult porcine retina. Our hypothesis was that the photoreceptors accumulate opsins, which, together with exposure to cyclic dim light illumination, induce autophagy and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER-stress) to overcome damaging protein overload. For ...
Zhang Ting T 1Speech and Hearing Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA; 2Hearing and Speech Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA; and 3Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United - - 2014
The aims of this study were to (1) detect the presence and edge frequency (fe) of a cochlear dead region in the ear with residual acoustic hearing for bimodal cochlear implant users, and (2) determine whether amplification based on the presence or absence of a dead region would improve speech ...
Lim Sunghyuk S Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA. - - 2014
Cyanobacteriochromes (CBCRs) are cyanobacterial photoreceptors distantly related to phytochromes. All CBCRs examined to date utilize a conserved Cys residue to form a covalent thioether linkage to the bilin chromophore. In the insert-Cys CBCR subfamily, a second conserved Cys can covalently link to the bilin C10 methine bridge, allowing detection of ...
Monadjemi Shirin - - 2014
Photolysis is a known dissipation pathway of pesticides on leaves just after their spraying. This pathway may be affected by the residues of other pesticides. To illustrate this idea, we investigated the mutual effect of two pesticides (chlorothalonil and cycloxydim) under simulated solar light. Cycloxydim was added at the agricultural ...
Luong Huynh - - 2014
Transform domainWyner-Ziv (TDWZ) video coding is an efficient approach to distributed video coding (DVC), which provides low complexity encoding by exploiting the source statistics at the decoder side. The DVC coding efficiency depends mainly on side information and noise modeling. This paper proposes a motion reestimation technique based on optical ...
Kersh Kyla L KL Texas Tech University, Institute for Forensic Science, 4434 South Loop 289, Lubbock, - - 2014
Detection of gunshot residue (GSR) is an arduous task for investigators. It is often accomplished with chemical tests, which can reveal elements and ions indicating the presence of GSR, but are likely to cause physical alteration to the pattern. In this study, the Spex Forensics Mini-CrimeScope MCS 400, along with ...
Huang Xi X Peking-Yale Joint Center for Plant Molecular Genetics and Agro-Biotechnology, State Key Laboratory of Protein and Plant Gene Research, Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, - - 2014
In Arabidopsis, ultraviolet (UV)-B-induced photomorphogenesis is initiated by a unique photoreceptor UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8 (UVR8) which utilizes its tryptophan residues as internal chromophore to sense UV-B. As a result of UV-B light perception, the UVR8 homodimer shaped by its arginine residues undergoes a conformational switch of monomerization. Then UVR8 ...
Vanwoerkom Anthony H AH Michigan State University, Trevor Nichols Research Center, 6237 124th Avenue, Fennville, MI, 49408, USA. - - 2014
Pesticide use in orchards creates drift-driven pesticide losses which contaminate the environment. Trunk injection of pesticides as a target-precise delivery system could severely reduce pesticide losses. However, pesticide efficiency after trunk injection is associated with their underinvestigated spatial and temporal distribution within the tree crown. This study quantified spatial and ...
Hsieh Chih-Chun CC 0000-0003-2383-2988 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, 250 Kuo-Kuang Road, Taichung 402, - - 2014
Simultaneous vibration welding of 304 stainless steel was carried out with an eccentric circulating vibrator and a magnetic telescopic vibrator at subresonant (362 Hz and 59.3 Hz) and resonant (376 Hz and 60.9 Hz) frequencies. The experimental results indicate that the temperature gradient can be increased, accelerating nucleation and causing grain refinement during this ...
Jiang Xinghao X 0000-0002-9758-0579 School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, - - 2014
A robust H.264/AVC video watermarking scheme for copyright protection with self-adaptive drift compensation is proposed. In our scheme, motion vector residuals of macroblocks with the smallest partition size are selected to hide copyright information in order to hold visual impact and distortion drift to a minimum. Drift compensation is also ...
Raffelberg Sarah - - 2013
Flavin-binding light, oxygen, and voltage (LOV) domains are UVA/blue-light-sensing protein units that form a reversible flavin mononucleotide-cysteine adduct upon light induction. In their dark-adapted state, LOV domains exhibit the typical spectral features of fully oxidized riboflavin derivatives. A survey on the absorption spectra of various LOV domains revealed that the ...
O'Shea Joseph P - - 2013
Methods for visualizing protein or nucleic acid motifs have traditionally relied upon residue frequencies to graphically scale character heights. We describe the pLogo, a motif visualization in which residue heights are scaled relative to their statistical significance. A pLogo generation tool is publicly available at http://plogo.uconn.edu/ and supports real-time conditional ...
Fielden Claire A - - 2013
This experiment investigated whether place specificity of neural activity evoked by cochlear implant stimulation is improved in tripolar compared to monopolar mode using a forward masking protocol addressing some limitations of previous methods of measurement and analysis. The amount of residual masking (masking remaining at long masker-probe delays) was also ...
Schwemmer C - - 2013
Three-dimensional reconstruction of cardiac vasculature from angiographic C-arm CT (rotational angiography) data is a major challenge. Motion artefacts corrupt image quality, reducing usability for diagnosis and guidance. Many state-of-the-art approaches depend on retrospective ECG-gating of projection data for image reconstruction. A trade-off has to be made regarding the size of ...
Sunku Kiran K Department of Solid-State NMR, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Gorlaeus Laboratory, Leiden University, Einsteinweg 55, 2300 RA Leiden, The - - 2013
Light-harvesting antennae of the LHC family form transmembrane three-helix bundles of which two helices are interlocked by conserved arginine-glutamate (Arg-Glu) ion pairs that form ligation sites for chlorophylls. The antenna proteins of photosystem II have an intriguing dual function. In excess light, they can switch their conformation from a light-harvesting ...
Hallett Rebecca H - - 2013
The swede midge, Contarinia nasturtii (Kieffer), is an invasive gall midge causing economic damage to cole crops (Brassica oleracea L.) and other crucifers in eastern Canada and United States. An effective decision-making tool for timing insecticide applications is a critical part of an integrated pest management program against C. nasturtii. ...
Alcarás Patricia Arruda de Souza PA Universidade do Oeste Paulista, Presidente PrudenteSP, Brazil, Universidade do Oeste Paulista - UNOESTE - Presidente Prudente (SP), - - 2013
Purpose: To analyze the findings for Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions (EOEA) and suppression effect in workers with normal hearing exposed to pesticides and noise . Methods: The sample consisted of 55 participants with normal hearing, with ages ranging from 18 to 35 years, divided into two groups: one group exposed to ...
Hu Hongbin - - 2012
A single-frame overdriving scheme was employed to improve the temporal response of the active matrix addressing liquid-crystal spatial light modulator used in an open-loop adaptive optics system (OLAOS). Optimal time distribution giving minimum wavefront residual error for the OLAOS was demonstrated. As a result, the measured -3 decibels rejection frequency ...
Li Xiang X Laboratory of Chemistry and Cell Biology, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, - - 2011
Light-triggered motor: Incorporation of a photocleavable group onto a phosphoserine residue of the regulator of a motor protein allows light-induced activation with spatial and temporal precision inside a living cell.
Craig Cathy M - - 2011
Previous studies have shown that balls subjected to spin induce large errors in perceptual judgments (Craig, Berton, Rao, Fernandez, & Bootsma, 2006; Craig et al., 2009) due to the additional accelerative force that causes the ball's flight path to deviate from a standard parabolic trajectory. A recent review however, has ...
Jinji Tsutomu - - 2011
In this study, we wished to investigate the factors that determine the direction of the spin axis of a pitched baseball. Nineteen male baseball pitchers were recruited to pitch fastballs. The pitching motion was recorded with a three-dimensional motion analysis system (1000 Hz), and the orientations of the hand segment in ...
Tan D-X - - 2011
A worldwide increase in the incidence of obesity indicates the unsuccessful battle against this disorder. Obesity and the associated health problems urgently require effective strategies of treatment. The new discovery that a substantial amount of functional brown adipose tissue (BAT) is retained in adult humans provides a potential target for ...
Paul Michel A - - 2011
Melatonin and light treatment are recommended for hastening adaptation to time zone change. We evaluated an afternoon regimen of 3 mg sustained release (SR) melatonin with and without next morning green light treatment for circadian phase advance. Effects of melatonin and light were tested separately and then combined to determine if ...
Revell Victoria L - - 2010
The short-wavelength (blue) light sensitivity of human circadian, neurobehavioral, neuroendocrine, and neurophysiological responses is attributed to melanopsin. Whether melanopsin is the sole factor in determining the efficacy of a polychromatic light source in driving nonvisual responses, however, remains to be established. Monochromatic (λ(max) 437, 479, and 532 nm administered singly ...
Yamanaka Yujiro - - 2010
Cryptochrome 1 and 2 (Cry1 and Cry2) are considered essential for generating circadian rhythms in mammals. The role of Cry1 and Cry2 in circadian rhythm expression and acute light-induced suppression of pineal melatonin was assessed using Cry1 and Cry2 double-deficient mice (Cry1(-/-) /Cry2(-/-) ) developed from the C3H strain that ...
Pérez-Rico Consuelo - - 2010
The aim of the study was to investigate the survival of melanopsin-expressing retinal ganglion cells (mRGCs) and the functional integrity of the retinohypothalamic tract in patients with bilateral advanced glaucomatous optic neuropathy by measuring the neuroendocrine light response of the pineal gland. Nine patients with bilateral advanced primary open-angle glaucoma ...
Schwimmer Hagit - - 2010
Many mammals display predictable daily rhythmicity in both neuroendocrine function and behavior. The basic rest-activity cycles are usually consistent for a given species and vary from night-active (nocturnal), those mostly active at dawn and dusk (i.e., crepuscular), and to day-active (diurnal) species. A number of daily rhythms are oppositely phased ...
Parry Barbara L BL Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0804, USA. - - 2010
Increased sensitivity to light-induced melatonin suppression characterizes some, but not all, patients with bipolar illness or seasonal affective disorder. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that patients with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), categorized as a depressive disorder in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth ...
Madhu N R - - 2010
This study was aimed to see the histophysiological changes of the pineal and adrenal glands under altered photoperiodic conditions due to the administration of melatonin in the male domestic pigeon, Columba livia Gmelin. Young adult male domestic pigeons were exposed to long photoperiod (LP; 20 hr light: 4 hr dark), ...
Velarde Elena - - 2010
It has been suggested that melatonin is synthesized in nonphotosensitive organs of vertebrates in addition to the well-known sites of the pineal gland and retina. However, very few studies have demonstrated the gene expression of melatonin-synthesizing enzymes in extrapineal and extraretinal locations. This study focuses on the circadian expression of ...
Dominguez-Rodriguez Alberto - - 2010
Diurnal rhythms influence cardiovascular physiology, i.e. heart rate and blood pressure, and they appear to also modulate the incidence of serious adverse cardiac events. Diurnal variations occur also at the molecular level including changes in gene expression in the heart and blood vessels. Moreover, the risk/benefit ratio of some therapeutic ...
Gooley Joshua J - - 2010
In humans, modulation of circadian rhythms by light is thought to be mediated primarily by melanopsin-containing retinal ganglion cells, not rods or cones. Melanopsin cells are intrinsically blue light-sensitive but also receive input from visual photoreceptors. We therefore tested in humans whether cone photoreceptors contribute to the regulation of circadian ...
Zamanian Z - - 2010
The aim of this study are to assess, in a hospital setting, the effects of Bright Light (BL) on the rhythms in body temperature, plasma melatonin, plasma cortisol and subjective alertness during shift work. In our experimental design, 34 healthy shift work nurses from a university hospital were exposed to ...
Seth Mohua - - 2010
The importance of light in the temporal organization of photoreceptor proteins and melatonin-producing system has been investigated for the first time in the pineal of a tropical fish. In this study, an identical experimental paradigm was followed during the four distinct phases of an annual cycle in adult carps (Catla ...
Zhang Ruonan - - 2010
Melatonin, a small organic molecule synthesized by the pineal gland and the retina, has a variety of physiologic functions such as circadian clock pacemaker and antioxidant. Retinal melatonin is down-regulated by light and is barely detectable during the day. The absence of melatonin in the retina during prolonged light exposure ...
Kvaskoff Marina - - 2010
The incidence rate of cutaneous melanoma has been increasing faster than that of any other cancer in white-skinned populations over the past decades. The main risk factors for melanoma (i.e. exposure to sunlight, naevus count, phototype, and family history of melanoma) may not wholly explain the epidemiological trends observed for ...
Whittom S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A close temporal relationship was shown between the onset of melatonin secretion at night and the worsening of restless legs syndrome (RLS) symptoms, suggesting that melatonin may play a role in the genesis of this phenomenon. To test this hypothesis we studied the effects of the administration of exogenous ...
Lu Weiqun W Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M139PT, - - 2010
Seasonally breeding mammals use the annual change in the photoperiod cycle to drive rhythmic nocturnal melatonin signals from the pineal gland, providing a critical cue to time seasonal reproduction. Paradoxically, species resident at high latitudes achieve tight regulation of the temporal pattern of growth and reproduction despite the absence of ...
Talaei Sayyed Alireza - - 2010
In early postnatal life, sensory inputs deeply influence development as well as function of the brain. Plasticity of synaptic transmission including its experimentally induced form, long-term potentiation (LTP), is affected by sensory deprivation in neocortex. This study is devoted to assess if dark rearing and a dark phase synthesized hormone ...
Lavoie J - - 2010
The light/dark cycle is the most important circadian clock synchronizer for mammals and humans. Circadian rhythms of dopamine and melatonin production in the retina have been reported to follow the light and dark cycle, but their impact on rod and cone functioning is not clear. The purpose of this study ...
Claustrat Bruno - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Practicability remains a problem in light therapy of biological rhythm disorders. We report here the effect on melatonin secretion of a device consisting of a prototype of eyeglasses including light emitting diodes (LED) in lenses (Somnavue). METHODS: Light (1,200 lx) was administered in a randomised crossover design to ten ...
Cecon Erika - - 2010
In mammals, the production of melatonin by the pineal gland is mainly controlled by the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN), the master clock of the circadian system. We have previously shown that agents involved in inflammatory responses, such as cytokines and corticosterone, modulate pineal melatonin synthesis. The nuclear transcription factor NFKB, detected ...
Pavlicek Jiri - - 2010
The arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (AANAT) family is divided into structurally distinct vertebrate and non-vertebrate groups. Expression of vertebrate AANATs is limited primarily to the pineal gland and retina, where it plays a role in controlling the circadian rhythm in melatonin synthesis. Based on the role melatonin plays in biological timing, AANAT ...
Figueiro Mariana G MG Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, USA. - - 2010
Circadian timing affects sleep onset. Delayed sleep onset can reduce sleep duration in adolescents required to awake early for a fixed school schedule. The absence of short-wavelength ("blue") morning light, which helps entrain the circadian system, can hypothetically delay sleep onset and decrease sleep duration in adolescents. The goal of ...
Buckley Theresa M - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and melatonin rhythm alterations have been independently reported in major depression (MDD) as well as in insomnia. In this pilot study, we link cortisol and melatonin rhythms and propose that the phase angle between cortisol acrophase (CA) and dim-light melatonin onset (20 pg/ml) (DLMO-20) may yield ...
Lewy Alfred J - - 2009
Recent refinements in methodology allow chronobiological researchers to answer the following questions: is there circadian misalignment in sleep and mood disturbances, and, if so, is it of the phase-advance or phase-delay type? Measurement of the dim light melatonin onset-to-midsleep interval, or phase-angle difference, in sleep and mood disorders should answer ...
Srinivasan Venkatramanujam - - 2009
Melatonin, N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine, is a molecule with diverse physiological functions. This neuro-hormone affects reproductive performance in a wide variety of species. In most animals, but not exclusively all, melatonin has an antigonadotrophic effect. The seasonal changes in the number of hours per day that melatonin is secreted mediate the temporal coupling ...
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