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Schweinberger Michael M Department of Statistics, Rice University, Houston, TX, - - 2014
The rescue and relief operations triggered by the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City demanded collaboration among hundreds of organisations. To shed light on the response to the September 11, 2001 attacks and help to plan and prepare the response to future disasters, ...
Daneshfard Babak B Research center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
Abū Alī al-asan ibn al-asan ibn al-Haytham, known in the West as Alhazen, was an Arab-Islamic scholar who helped develop the science of ophthalmology during the medieval era. He was the first to reject firmly the extramission theory of vision, which was prevalent during his time, and suggested that the ...
Hersch Micha M Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, CH-1015 Lausanne, - - 2014
Plants such as Arabidopsis thaliana respond to foliar shade and neighbors who may become competitors for light resources by elongation growth to secure access to unfiltered sunlight. Challenges faced during this shade avoidance response (SAR) are different under a light-absorbing canopy and during neighbor detection where light remains abundant. In ...
Bernard E E Laboratório de Ciência Aplicada à Conservação da Biodiversidade-Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Rua Nelson Chaves s/n Cidade Universitária, Recife, PE, 50670-420, Brazil. - - 2014
Protected areas (PAs) are key elements for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services. Brazil has the largest PA system in the world, covering approximately 220 million ha. This system expanded rapidly in the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s. Recent events in Brazil, however, have led to an increase in PA downgrading, downsizing, ...
Zollmann Stefanie S University of - - 2014
Micro aerial vehicles equipped with high-resolution cameras can be used to create aerial reconstructions of an area of interest. In that context automatic flight path planning and autonomous flying is often applied but so far cannot fully replace the human in the loop, supervising the flight on-site to assure that ...
Macdermid Paul W PW Massey University, College of Health, School of Sport & Exercise, Private Bag 11-222, Palmerston North 4474, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Investigations into the work demands of Olympic format cross country mountain biking suggest an incongruent relationship between work done and physiological strain experienced by participants. A likely but unsubstantiated cause is the extra work demand of muscle damping of terrain/surface induced vibrations. The purpose of this study was to describe ...
Witt Jessica K JK Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 80523, USA, - - 2014
Both the action-specific perception account and the ecological approach to perception-action emphasize the role of action in perception. However, the action-specific perception account demonstrates that different percepts are possible depending on the perceiver's ability to act, even when the same optical information is available. These findings challenge one of the ...
Purves Dale D Neuroscience and Behavioral Disorders Program, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Republic of Singapore - - 2014
Biological visual systems cannot measure the properties that define the physical world. Nonetheless, visually guided behaviors of humans and other animals are routinely successful. The purpose of this article is to consider how this feat is accomplished. Most concepts of vision propose, explicitly or implicitly, that visual behavior depends on ...
Liao Qiang Q Key Laboratory of Low-grade Energy Utilization Technologies and Systems (Chongqing University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400030, China; Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this work, a novel tubular photobioreactor with the outer surface periodically shaded by the light-shielding material at pre-set interval was developed. Such design forms periodic light and dark regions along tubular photobioreactor, which creates controllable light/dark cycle and favours the microalgae growth. Experimental results showed that the developed photobioreactor ...
Saproo Sameer S Department of Psychology and Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, New York 10003, and Department of Psychology, and Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of California, San Diego - - 2014
Selective attention modulates activity within individual visual areas; however, the role of attention in mediating the transfer of information between areas is not well understood. Here, we used fMRI to assess attention-related changes in coupled BOLD activation in two key areas of human visual cortex that are involved in motion ...
Van der Worp H H University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Center for Sports Medicine, Groningen, - - 2014
Patellar tendinopathy (jumper's knee) is a common injury in sports that comprise jump actions. This article systematically reviews the literature examining the relation between patellar tendinopathy and take-off and landing kinematics in order to uncover risk factors and potential prevention strategies. A systematic search of the Pubmed, Embase and Amed ...
Franklin Keara A KA School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1UG, - - 2014
Light and temperature are arguably two of the most important signals regulating the growth and development of plants. In addition to their direct energetic effects on plant growth, light and temperature provide vital immediate and predictive cues for plants to ensure optimal development both spatially and temporally. While the majority ...
Reed Scott A SA Department of Psychology and Institute of Neuroscience, 1227 University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, - - 2014
In healthy individuals, adaptation to left-shifting prisms has been shown to simulate the symptoms of hemispatial neglect, including a reduction in global processing that approximates the local bias observed in neglect patients. The current study tested whether leftward prism adaptation can more specifically enhance local processing abilities. In three experiments, ...
Cheung Roy T H RT Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is evidence supporting that habitual barefoot runners are able to disperse impact loading rates by landing pattern modification. Yet, case studies suggested that barefoot running may result in severe running injuries, such as metatarsal and calcaneal stress fractures. Injuries may be due to a difference in biomechanical response between ...
Geng Chong C Department of Chemistry, State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, - - 2014
One of the major challenges for the application of GaN-based light emitting diodes (LEDs) in solid-state lighting lies in the low light output power (LOP). Embedding nanostructures in LEDs has attracted considerable interest because they may improve the LOP of GaN-based LEDs efficiently. Recent advances in nanostructures derived from monolayer ...
Sang Jinqiu J Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, University of Southampton, SO17 1BJ, - - 2014
Although there are numerous single-channel noise reduction strategies to improve speech perception in noise, most of them improve speech quality but do not improve speech intelligibility, in circumstances where the noise and speech have similar frequency spectra. Current exceptions that may improve speech intelligibility are those that require a priori ...
Kohler Peter Jes PJ Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, H.B. 6207, Moore Hall, Hanover, NH, 03755, USA, - - 2014
The percept of four rotating dot pairs is bistable. The "local percept" is of four pairs of dots rotating independently. The "global percept" is of two large squares translating over one another (Anstis & Kim 2011). We have previously demonstrated (Kohler, Caplovitz, & Tse 2009) that the global percept appears ...
Lee Alan L F AL Laboratoire des Systèmes Perceptifs, CNRS UMR 8248, 29 rue d'Ulm, 75005, Paris, France, - - 2014
It has been shown that humans cannot perceive more than three directions from a multidirectional motion stimulus. However, it remains unknown whether adapting to such imperceptible motion directions could generate motion aftereffects (MAEs). A series of psychophysical experiments were conducted to address this issue. Using a display consisting of randomly ...
Skipetrov S E SE Université Grenoble 1/CNRS, LPMMC UMR 5493, B.P. 166, 38042 Grenoble, - - 2014
As discovered by Philip Anderson in 1958, strong disorder can block propagation of waves and lead to the localization of wavelike excitations in space. Anderson localization of light is particularly exciting in view of its possible applications for random lasing or quantum information processing. We show that, surprisingly, Anderson localization ...
Gollan John R JR University of Technology, Sydney, School of the Environment, P.O. Box 123, Broadway, New South Wales, 2007, Australia; Australian Museum, 6 College Street, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Strategies to mitigate climate change can protect different types of cool environments. Two are receiving much attention: protection of ephemeral refuges (i.e., places with low maximum temperatures) and of stable refugia (i.e., places that are cool, have a stable environment, and are isolated). Problematically, they are often treated as equivalents. ...
Howe Piers D L PD School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
Does becoming aware of a change to a purely visual stimulus necessarily cause the observer to be able to identify or localise the change or can change detection occur in the absence of identification or localisation? Several theories of visual awareness stress that we are aware of more than just ...
Wilhelm Christian C Institute of Biology, Department of Plant Physiology, University of Leipzig, Johannisallee 23, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany; German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Deutscher Platz 5e, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
This review summarizes the current knowledge about light acclimation processes in diatoms. Against the background of the phenomenological description of the process in the 70s-80s, the recent progress in diatom genetics has generated new information about the underlying mechanisms. Although the general responses of diatoms to changes in the light ...
Matisoff Daniel C - - 2014
Green building adoption is driven by both performance-based benefits and marketing based benefits. Performance based benefits are those that improve performance or lower operating costs of the building or of building users. Marketing benefits stem from the consumer response to green certification. This study illustrates the relative importance of the ...
Kim Bokyung B School of Biological Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University, 151-747, Seoul, - - 2014
Light is essential for plant survival; as such, plants flexibly adjust their growth and development to best harvest light energy. Brassinosteroids (BRs), plant growth-promoting steroid hormones, are essential for this plasticity of development. However, the precise mechanisms underlying BR-mediated growth control under different light conditions remain unknown. Here, we show ...
Malkhasian Aramice Y S - - 2014
With a view to developing a UV-LED photocatalytic reactor for small and remote water systems, the degradation of three representative agriculturally produced contaminants, two antibiotics and an endocrine disruptor hormone, was evaluated in a bench 365 nm LED photoreactor using a slurry of the well-known Degussa P25® (TiO2) as photocatalyst. Use ...
Mendlovic Fela - - 2014
Human neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a considered public health problem in many underdeveloped and developing countries. Because of the enormous increase in international tourism and migration, NCC nowadays is also found in some developed countries. Our group was the first to demonstrate that tapeworm carriers in the household are the main ...
Yang Hong H a Department of Civil and Urban Engineering, Center for Urban Science + Progress (CUSP) , New York University , Brooklyn , New - - 2014
Objective: Since land surveyors working alongside live traffic encounter unique safety challenges there is a great need for innovative and effective traffic control devices (TCDs) that alert motorists approaching short-term land surveying work sites. Unlike the volume of research that has been completed on traditional work zones, however, there is ...
Bennie Jonathan J Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall, UK TR10 - - 2014
Since the 1970s nighttime satellite images of the Earth from space have provided a striking illustration of the extent of artificial light. Meanwhile, growing awareness of adverse impacts of artificial light at night on scientific astronomy, human health, ecological processes and aesthetic enjoyment of the night sky has led to ...
Lin Brenda B BB Climate Adaptation Flagship/Marine and Atmospheric Research, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
There is growing recognition that interactions with nature provide many desirable human well-being outcomes, yet increasing urbanization is degrading the quality and quantity of nature experiences. Thus, it has become increasingly important to understand how and why urban dwellers interact with nature. Studies of urban green space use have largely ...
Pei Qing Q Department of Geography, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong ; International Centre for China Development Study, The University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
Climate change has been proven to be the ultimate cause of social crisis in pre-industrial Europe at a large scale. However, detailed analyses on climate change and macro-economic cycles in the pre-industrial era remain lacking, especially within different temporal scales. Therefore, fine-grained, paleo-climate, and economic data were employed with statistical ...
Bogfjellmo Lotte-Guri LG Department of Optometry and Visual Science, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg, - - 2014
Global motion perception matures during childhood and involves the detection of local directional signals that are integrated across space. We examine the maturation of local directional selectivity and global motion integration with an equivalent noise paradigm applied to direction discrimination. One hundred and three observers (6-17 years) identified the global ...
Darko Eva E Agricultural Institute, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, , Martonvásár, - - 2014
Providing an adequate quantity and quality of food for the escalating human population under changing climatic conditions is currently a great challenge. In outdoor cultures, sunlight provides energy (through photosynthesis) for photosynthetic organisms. They also use light quality to sense and respond to their environment. To increase the production capacity, ...
Yi Kunpeng K Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 060-8589, Japan. - - 2014
In this paper, an Urban Light Index (ULI) is constructed to facilitate analysis and quantitative evaluation of the process of urbanization and expansion rate by using DMSP/OLS Nighttime Light Data during the years from 1992 to 2010. A unit circle urbanization evaluation model is established to perform a comprehensive analysis ...
Tsai Meng-Che - - 2013
In developing a high-quality natural light illumination system (NLIS), the primary considerations include how to increase system efficiency and broaden its applications. This paper describes the conception, design, and analysis of a daylight collector that presents the combined advantages of excellent efficiency and a compact size. The collector structure consists ...
Dong Zhaobin Z National Maize Improvement Center of China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement; Coordinated Research Center for Crop Biology; China Agricultural University; Beijing, PR - - 2013
Auxin has been found to control both gravitropism and inflorescence development in plant. Auxin transport has also been demonstrated to be responsible for tropism. Maize, a key agricultural crop, has distinct male (tassel) and female (ear) inflorescence, and this morphogenesis depends on auxin maximum and gradient. The classic maize mutant ...
Merchant Nathan D - - 2013
The potential impacts of underwater noise on marine mammals are widely recognised, but uncertainty over variability in baseline noise levels often constrains efforts to manage these impacts. This paper characterises natural and anthropogenic contributors to underwater noise at two sites in the Moray Firth Special Area of Conservation, an important ...
Chakraborty Samantha P - - 2013
The ADAPTE framework was established to enhance efficiency in guideline development and to facilitate adaptation of high-quality clinical practice guidelines for a local context. It offers guideline developers a systematic methodology for guideline adaptation; however, the feasibility and usability of the process has not been widely evaluated. A pragmatic approach ...
Bricard Antoine - - 2013
From the formation of animal flocks to the emergence of coordinated motion in bacterial swarms, populations of motile organisms at all scales display coherent collective motion. This consistent behaviour strongly contrasts with the difference in communication abilities between the individuals. On the basis of this universal feature, it has been ...
Miksis-Olds Jennifer L - - 2013
The increase of ocean noise documented in the North Pacific has sparked concern on whether the observed increases are a global or regional phenomenon. This work provides evidence of low frequency sound increases in the Indian Ocean. A decade (2002-2012) of recordings made off the island of Diego Garcia, UK ...
Kvitek Daniel J - - 2013
Molecular signaling networks are ubiquitous across life and likely evolved to allow organisms to sense and respond to environmental change in dynamic environments. Few examples exist regarding the dispensability of signaling networks, and it remains unclear whether they are an essential feature of a highly adapted biological system. Here, we ...
Karlík Ondrej - - 2013
Thanks to its ability to improve the realism of computer-generated imagery, the use of global illumination has recently become widespread among digital lighting artists. It remains unclear, though, what impact it has on the lighting design workflows, especially for novice users. In this paper we present a user study which ...
Mora Camilo - - 2013
Ecological and societal disruptions by modern climate change are critically determined by the time frame over which climates shift beyond historical analogues. Here we present a new index of the year when the projected mean climate of a given location moves to a state continuously outside the bounds of historical ...
Wells S L - - 2013
Sharp force violence is a common way of committing assault in numerous countries and regions around the world. When a stabbing occurs, the clothing worn by the victim may provide vital evidence: for example the weapon used to stab the victim may be identified from severance in the clothing. However, ...
Xiao Yu - - 2013
Disasters produce winners and losers. This paper evaluates such winners and losers in a spatial context. The hypothesis is that, because of severe damage to the core disaster area and the constraints associated with the cost of transportation, economic demand would shift to the immediate edge of the disaster zone ...
Healy Eric W - - 2013
Despite considerable effort, monaural (single-microphone) algorithms capable of increasing the intelligibility of speech in noise have remained elusive. Successful development of such an algorithm is especially important for hearing-impaired (HI) listeners, given their particular difficulty in noisy backgrounds. In the current study, an algorithm based on binary masking was developed ...
Stathopoulos Angelike A Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, - - 2013
Morphogens are signaling factors that direct cell fate and tissue development at a distance from their source, and various modes of transport and interpretation have been suggested for morphogens. The recent EMBO Workshop on 'Morphogen gradients', which took place in Oxford, UK in June 2013, centered on the formation and ...
Wu Xie - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences of knee concentric and eccentric strength and impact related knee biomechanics between jumpers and non-jumpers during step-off landing tasks. Ten male college swimming athletes (non-jumpers) and 10 track and volleyball athletes (jumpers) were recruited to participate in two test sessions: ...
Martignoli Stefan - - 2013
Pitch is a complex hearing phenomenon that results from elicited and self-generated cochlear vibrations. Read-off vibrational information is relayed higher up the auditory pathway, where it is then condensed into pitch sensation. How this can adequately be described in terms of physics has largely remained an open question. We have ...
Harrison Matthew T - - 2013
Global climate change is predicted to increase temperatures, alter geographical patterns of rainfall and increase the frequency of extreme climatic events. Such changes are likely to alter the timing and magnitude of drought stresses experienced by crops. This study used new developments in the classification of crop water stress to ...
Jeyasurya Jeswin - - 2013
The ability to perform a sit-to-stand (STS) motion is important for ambulatory adults to function independently and maintain daily activities. Roughly 6% of community-dwelling older adults experience significant difficulties with STS, a major risk factor for institutionalization. While mechanical STS assistance can help address this problem, full dependence on STS ...
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