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Thomas Jennifer L - - 2013
Light-induced retinal degeneration (LIRD) is commonly used in both rodents and zebrafish to damage rod and cone photoreceptors. In adult zebrafish, photoreceptor degeneration triggers Müller glial cells to re-enter the cell cycle and produce transient-amplifying progenitors. These progenitors continue to proliferate as they migrate to the damaged area, where they ...
Eraud Cyril - - 2013
The identification of migration routes, wintering grounds and stopover sites are crucial issues for the understanding of the Palearctic-African bird migration system as well as for the development of relevant conservation strategies for trans-Saharan migrants. Using miniaturized light-level geolocators we report a comprehensive and detailed year round track of a ...
Hu Gao - - 2013
Migratory insects adapt to and exploit the atmospheric environment to complete their migration and maintain their population. However, little is known about the mechanism of insect migration under the influence of extreme weather conditions such as typhoons. A case study was conducted to investigate the effect of typhoon Khanun, which ...
Oh Hwa Sub - - 2013
We investigate Ga0.33In0.67P quantum dot structures appropriate for special lighting applications in terms of structural and optical behaviors. The Ga0.33In0.67P materials form from 2-dimentional to 3-dimensional dots as the nominal growth thickness increases from 0.5 nm to 6.0 nm, indicating a Stranski-Krastanov growth mode. As the ambient temperature is increased ...
Lin Shu-Kun - - 2013
We have been made aware of the fact that a large proportion of the Introduction section and corresponding references of the title paper [1] had been copied verbatim from an earlier paper by Hamdy and Gamal-Eldeen [2], and further, during our investigation it has also come to light that most ...
Silva Mónica A - - 2013
The need to balance energy reserves during migration is a critical factor for most long-distance migrants and an important determinant of migratory strategies in birds, insects and land mammals. Large baleen whales migrate annually between foraging and breeding sites, crossing vast ocean areas where food is seldom abundant. How whales ...
Ozturk Bora - - 2013
The objective of this study was to compare the conversion degree of six different composite materials (Filtek Z 250, Filtek P60, Spectrum TPH, Pertac II, Clearfil AP-X, and Clearfil Photo Posterior) using three different light sources (blue light-emitting diode [LED], plasma arc curing [PAC], and conventional halogen lamp [QTH]). Composites ...
Scheller Lichtenauer Matthias M Empa, Laboratory for Media Technology, Swiss Federal Institute for Materials Science and Technology, Dübendorf, - - 2013
Rendering materials on displays becomes ubiquitous in industrial design, architecture, and visualization. Yet the experience of the material from other modes of perception is missing in that representation. This forces observers to rely on visual cues only while judging material properties. In the present study, we compare judgments of rough ...
Keating Peter P Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford Oxford, - - 2013
Under normal hearing conditions, comparisons of the sounds reaching each ear are critical for accurate sound localization. Asymmetric hearing loss should therefore degrade spatial hearing and has become an important experimental tool for probing the plasticity of the auditory system, both during development and adulthood. In clinical populations, hearing loss ...
Lemke Hilger W - - 2013
Recent technological advancements now allow us to obtain geographical position data for a wide range of animal movements. Here we used light-level geolocators to study the annual migration cycle in great reed warblers (Acrocephalus arundinaceus), a passerine bird breeding in Eurasia and wintering in sub-Saharan Africa. We were specifically interested ...
Moore Megan - - 2013
Habitat modifications resulting from human transportation and power-generation infrastructure (e.g., roads, dams, bridges) can impede movement and alter natural migration patterns of aquatic animal populations, which may negatively affect survival and population viability. Full or partial barriers are especially problematic for migratory species whose life histories hinge on habitat connectivity. ...
Dayal Pratyush - - 2013
Using computational modeling, we show that self-oscillating Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) gels can both emit and sense a chemical signal and thus drive neighboring gel pieces to spontaneously self-aggregate, so that the system exhibits autochemotaxis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the closest system to the ultimate self-recombining material, which ...
Chung Wan-Ho - - 2012
In this work, a flash light sintering process using silver nano-inks is investigated. A silver nano-ink pattern was printed on a flexible PET (polyethylene terephthalate) substrate using a gravure-offset printing system. The printed silver nano-ink was sintered at room temperature and under ambient conditions using a flash of light from ...
Li Meng-Chi - - 2012
A method to measure thin-film thickness, refractive index, and dispersion constants based on white-light interferometry is described. The thin-film property is retrieved from the Fourier amplitude of the white-light correlogram. The sources of errors in Fourier amplitude, which include the accuracy of wave number, light source variation in time, and ...
Reddy M L P - - 2012
On account of their intrinsic chemical and spectroscopic properties, luminescent lanthanide molecular materials find potential applications in lighting, optical communications, photonics and biomedical devices. This perspective article summarizes some recent seminal research work on luminescent properties and structural aspects of a series of lanthanide benzoate complexes featuring Eu(3+) and Tb(3+) ...
Cui Jiaxi - - 2012
Photoremovable protecting groups (PRPGs) are applied to organic surfaces, thin polymer films, and hydrogels to achieve light-based remote control of their (bio)chemical and physical properties. These can be localized (i.e. patterned), tunable by exposure dose, and generated on-demand. Using PRPGs with independent response to different wavelengths, multifunctional materials with a ...
Zhang Zhonghai - - 2012
In the present study, a visible-light responsive plasmonic photocatalytic composite material is designed by rationally selecting Au nanocrystals and assembling them with the TiO2 based photonic crystal substrate. The selection of the Au nanocrystals is so that their surface plasmonic resonance (SPR) wavelength matches the photonic band gap of the ...
Han Pin - - 2012
The behavior of a limited bandwidth light wave reflected from a material interface is studied theoretically. It is shown that near the anomalous dispersion zone, if the incident center wavelength is shifted by a small amount, this shift can be amplified by about three times in the reflected light.
Kim Jinho J Department of Mechanical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY - - 2012
This paper investigates the light-driven migration of the multi-cellular microorganism Dictyostelium discoideum as a potential bio-actuation mechanism in microsystems. As a platform for slug migration we use microscale confinements, which consist of intersecting microchannels fabricated from solidified agar-water solution. The agar surface provides necessary moisture to the slugs during the ...
Kulikovska Olga - - 2012
We studied peculiarities of the structural reconstruction within holographically recorded gratings on the surface of several different amorphous azobenzene-containing polymers. Under illumination with a light interference pattern, two processes take place in this type of polymer. The first process is the light-induced orientation of azobenzene units perpendicular to the polarization ...
McCord T B - - 2012
Localized dark and bright materials, often with extremely different albedos, were recently found on Vesta's surface. The range of albedos is among the largest observed on Solar System rocky bodies. These dark materials, often associated with craters, appear in ejecta and crater walls, and their pyroxene absorption strengths are correlated ...
Hawkes L A LA School of Biological Sciences, University of Bangor, Deiniol Road, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2UW, - - 2013
Bar-headed geese are renowned for migratory flights at extremely high altitudes over the world's tallest mountains, the Himalayas, where partial pressure of oxygen is dramatically reduced while flight costs, in terms of rate of oxygen consumption, are greatly increased. Such a mismatch is paradoxical, and it is not clear why ...
Yao Wenjuan - - 2012
Numerical simulation method was used in this paper to study the effects of partial ossicular replacement prostheses (PORPs) with different materials on hearing restoration, from the biomechanical point of view. According to the CT scan imagery of the right ear from a normal human body, the CT data was digitalized ...
Miyazaki Shizuma - - 2012
In this study, we analyzed the photoelectric current generated by bacteriorhodopsin adsorbed on a polymer film, "Lumirror" (Muneyuki et al. in FEBS Lett 427:109-114, 1998). We could examine the photoelectric current over a wide range of light intensity and pH values using the same membrane owing to the mechanical and ...
Etgar Lioz - - 2012
We report for the first time on a hole conductor-free mesocopic lead iodide CH3NH3PbI3(perovskite)/TiO2 heterojunction solar cell, produced by deposition of perovskite nanoparticles from a solution of CH3NH3I and PbI2 in γ-butyrolactone on a 400nm thick film of TiO2 (anatase) nanosheets exposing (001) facets. An Au film was evaporated a ...
Vynck Kevin - - 2012
Elaborating reliable and versatile strategies for efficient light coupling between free space and thin films is of crucial importance for new technologies in energy efficiency. Nanostructured materials have opened unprecedented opportunities for light management, notably in thin-film solar cells. Efficient coherent light trapping has been accomplished through the careful design ...
Poutiainen Piritta P a Department of Biology of Physical Activity , University of Jyväskylä , Jyväskylä , - - 2014
Abstract During recent years the incidence of ice hockey related concussions has increased. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to determine how dasher board materials and structures affect impact characteristics and thereby concussion risk. The measurements were divided into two parts; 1. physiological characteristics of body checks were ...
Luria Justin L - - 2012
We present spatially-resolved photovoltage spectra of a bulk heterojunction solar cell film comprised of phase-separated poly(9,9`-dioctylfluorene-co-benzo-thiadiazole) (F8BT) and poly(9,9`-dioctylfluorene-co-bis-N,N`-(4-butylphenyl)-bis-N,N`-phenyl-1,4-phenylene-diamine) (PFB) polymers prepared on ITO/PEDOT:PSS and aluminum substrates. Over both PFB- and F8BT-rich domains the photopotential spectra were found to be proportional to a linear combination of the polymers' absorption spectra. ...
Idler Vladimir - - 2012
We have performed molecular dynamics simulations of an intruder in a vibrated granular bed including interstitial fluid effects to account for the phenomenon of reverse buoyancy. We show that our model is able to reproduce the overall behaviour observed by previous experimental works and is the first finite-elements simulation to ...
Singh Navinder J - - 2012
Understanding the causes and consequences of animal movements is of fundamental biological interest because any alteration in movement can have direct and indirect effects on ecosystem structure and function. It is also crucial for assisting spatial wildlife management under variable environmental change scenarios. Recent research has highlighted the need of ...
Ilieva Mihaela - - 2012
Topography and historical range expansion has formed a so-called migratory divide between two subspecies of willow warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus) in central Scandinavia. The autumn migratory directions of individuals assigned molecularly to both subspecies and possible hybrids were recorded using orientation cage experiments in southwest and southeast Sweden. We found pronounced ...
Yan Bin - - 2012
Using a photosensitive hybrid hydrogel loaded with upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs), we show that continuous-wave near infrared (NIR) light (980 nm) can be used to induce the gel-sol transition and release large, inactive biomacromolecules (protein and enzyme) entrapped in the hydrogel into aqueous solution 'on-demand', where their bioactivity is resumed. This ...
Delmore Kira E KE Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. - - 2012
Migratory divides are contact zones between breeding populations that use divergent migratory routes and have been described in a variety of species. These divides are of major importance to evolution, ecology and conservation but have been identified using limited band recovery data and/or indirect methods. Data from band recoveries and ...
Meng Xianqin - - 2012
In this paper, we present the integration of combined front and back 1D and 2D diffraction gratings with different periods, within thin film photovoltaic solar cells based on crystalline silicon layers. The grating structures have been designed considering both the need for incident light absorption enhancement and the technological feasibility. ...
Gray Holly - - 2012
Laysan Albatrosses (Phoebastria immutabilis) and Black-footed Albatrosses (P. nigripes) ingest plastic debris, as evidenced by studies showing plastic in the digestive contents of their chicks, but there is little documentation of the frequency and amount of ingested plastics carried in foraging adults. In this study, we quantify plastics among the ...
Halpenny Genevieve M - - 2012
A NO-delivery platform has been fabricated from polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and Pluronic(®) F127 gel that contains the light-sensitive NO donor, [Mn(PaPy(3))(NO)]ClO(4). The material was assembled layer-by-layer. First, a thin PDMS membrane was cast. It was then layered with cold 25% (w/v) Pluronic(®) F127 gel mixed with [Mn(PaPy(3))(NO)]ClO(4). Finally, it was covered ...
Ge Aiming - - 2012
This Letter proposes an idea of a natural light illumination system by using a light collecting panel. The light collecting panel is coupled with a light guide followed by a specifically designed lens to achieve uniform illumination on a target screen. To assess the system specification, we build a primary ...
Asami Sam - - 2012
The (1)H dipolar network, which is the major obstacle for applying proton detection in the solid-state, can be reduced by deuteration, employing the RAP (Reduced Adjoining Protonation) labeling scheme, which yields random protonation at non-exchangeable sites. We present here a systematic study on the optimal degree of random sidechain protonation ...
Yousif Nada N Division of Brain Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2012
For smooth and efficient motor control, the brain needs to make fast corrections during the movement to resist possible perturbations. It also needs to adapt subsequent movements to improve future performance. It is important that both feedback corrections and feedforward adaptation need to be made based on noisy and often ...
Melentiev Pavel N - - 2012
We are first to demonstrate a broadband, nanometer-scale, and background-free light source that is based on photoluminescence of a single nanohole in an Au film. We show that a nanohole with a diameter of as small as 20 nm in a 200-nm thick Au film can be used for this ...
Jochum Florian D - - 2012
Stimuli-responsive polymers have been attracting great interest within the scientific community for several decades. The unique feature to respond to small changes in the environmental conditions has made this class of materials very promising for several applications in the field of nanoscience, nanotechnology and nanomedicine. So far, several different chemical, ...
Bereza T T Department of Anatomy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, - - 2012
The aim of this study was to visualise and describe the vasculature of the human uterine cervix. The material for this study was obtained from women (age between 20 to 45 years) during autopsy. The material was collected not later than 24 h post-mortem. This study was performed using uteri ...
Tu Wenfeng - - 2012
Berteroa incana (B. incana), a spring ephemeral species of Brassicaceae, possesses very high photosynthetic capacities at high irradiances. Exploring the mechanism of the high light use efficiency of B. incana under strong light conditions may help to explore mechanisms of plants' survival strategies. Therefore, the photosynthetic characteristics of B. incana ...
Seiple William - - 2012
PURPOSE.: To assess the influences of stimulus parameters (physics) on measures of visual field sensitivity (psychophysics). METHODS.: Subjects' thresholds were measured on three different clinically available perimeters: the Humphrey Field Analyzer (HFA), the Nidek MP1 (MP1), and the Opko OCT/SLO (OSLO). On all machines, visual field testing was done with ...
Aoki Yuki - - 2012
To explore how local motion signals in the peripheral visual field are integrated, we recorded ocular following responses (OFRs) to moving vertical gratings extending across a wide horizontal width (1) of various vertical heights, (2) of a thin strip (4° height) at various vertical eccentricities, and (3) of two thin ...
Ueda Kei-Ichi - - 2012
The survival of an organism can depend upon the direction in which it decides to move in response to changes in external conditions. Here we propose a physicochemical mechanism of the decision process for migration direction in the case of a giant amoebalike Physarum plasmodium. The tactical movement response could ...
Vedenina Varvara Yu - - 2012
We analyzed the courtship song of the field cricket Gryllus assimilis. The song comprises two elements: groups of ca. 10 pulses (chirps) with low fundamental frequency (3.5-3.7 kHz) alternating with high-frequency (15-17 kHz) pulses (ticks) that usually occur as doublets. Some elements of courtship song are quite variable (high coefficient ...
Pereles Brandon D - - 2012
A wireless, battery-less load cell was fabricated based on the resonant frequency shift of a vibrating magnetoelastic strip when exposed to an AC magnetic field. Since the vibration of the magnetoelastic strip generated a secondary field, the resonance was remotely detected with a coil. When a load was applied to ...
Zhang Shengsen - - 2012
In this work, we report the use of a non-toxic nanocrystal Cu(2)O-loaded TiO(2) nanotube array (Cu(2)O/TNTs) film as high-performance visible-light bactericidal photocatalyst. The samples were characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and ultraviolet-visible diffusion reflection spectroscopy. This Cu(2)O/TNTs film photocatalyst is capable of complete inactivation of Escherichia ...
Siria Alessendro - - 2012
This article presents a study of the poorly understood "Shear-Force" used in an important class of near-field instruments that use mechanical resonance feedback detection. In the case of a metallic probe near a metallic surface in vacuum, we show that in the 10-60 nm range there is no such a ...
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