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Chen Xiang-Zhu XZ Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 37 Shi-Er-Qiao Road, Jinniu District, Chengdu, Sichuan 610075, - - 2013
Acupuncture as an essential component of complementary and alternative medicine is gradually recognized and accepted by the mainstream of contemporary medicine. For obtaining preferable clinical effectiveness, Deqi is commonly regarded as efficacy predictor and parameter which is necessary to be achieved. Influential factors for acupuncture efficacy, like Deqi sensation as ...
Dresp-Langley Birgitta B UMR 7357 CNRS, Icube-Unistra, Université de Strasbourg, 67000 Strasbourg, - - 2013
Generic properties of curvature representations formed on the basis of vision and touch were examined as a function of mathematical properties of curved objects. Virtual representations of the curves were shown on a computer screen for visual scaling by sighted observers (experiment 1). Their physical counterparts were placed in the ...
Power Alan J AJ Department of Psychology, Centre for Neuroscience in Education, University of Cambridge Cambridgeshire, - - 2013
A rhythmic paradigm based on repetition of the syllable "ba" was used to study auditory, visual, and audio-visual oscillatory entrainment to speech in children with and without dyslexia using EEG. Children pressed a button whenever they identified a delay in the isochronous stimulus delivery (500 ms; 2 Hz delta band ...
Triscoli Chantal C Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg Gothenburg, Sweden ; Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg Gothenburg, - - 2013
Introduction: The aim of our study was to investigate whether a pleasant tactile stimulation which is manually produced is qualitatively comparable to an analogous tactile stimulation produced instead by a mechanical source. Methods: Thirty-one subjects [16 men, 15 women, 24.5 ± 2.6 years, mean, and standard deviation (SD)] were tested ...
Vlaskamp Björn N S BN Vision Science Program, School of Optometry, University of Berkeley Berkeley, CA, USA ; Philips Research Eindhoven, - - 2013
When periodic stimuli such as vertical sinewave gratings are presented to the two eyes, the initial stage of disparity estimation yields multiple solutions at multiple depths. The solutions are all frontoparallel when the sinewaves have the same spatial frequency; they are all slanted when the sinewaves have quite different frequencies. ...
Alink Arjen A Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit Cambridge, - - 2013
The orientation of a large grating can be decoded from V1 functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data, even at low resolution (3-mm isotropic voxels). This finding has suggested that columnar-level neuronal information might be accessible to fMRI at 3T. However, orientation decodability might alternatively arise from global orientation-preference maps. Such ...
Woods Adam J AJ Center for Functional Neuroimaging, Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America. - - 2013
Arousal has long been known to influence behavior and serves as an underlying component of cognition and consciousness. However, the consequences of hyper-arousal for visual perception remain unclear. The present study evaluates the impact of hyper-arousal on two aspects of visual sensitivity: visual stereoacuity and contrast thresholds. Sixty-eight participants participated ...
Ball Kevin - - 2012
The punt kick is important in many football codes and support leg kinematics and ground reaction forces have been implicated in injury and performance in kicking. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate ground reaction forces and support leg kinematics in the punt kick. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. METHODS: Seven elite Australian football players ...
Van Renterghem Timothy - - 2012
This study provides additional evidence for the positive effect of the presence of a quiet façade at a dwelling and aims at unraveling potential mechanisms. Locations with dominant road traffic noise and high L(den)-levels at the most exposed façade were selected. Dwellings both with and without a quiet façade were ...
Whalen D H - - 2012
Certain consonant/vowel (CV) combinations are more frequent than would be expected from the individual C and V frequencies alone, both in babbling and, to a lesser extent, in adult language, based on dictionary counts: Labial consonants co-occur with central vowels more often than chance would dictate; coronals co-occur with front ...
Schrode Katrina M KM Graduate Program in Neuroscience, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN - - 2012
Female frogs discriminate among potential mates based on individual variation in male advertisement calls. While considerable data have accumulated allowing comparisons of female preference functions among species, we still lack fundamental knowledge about how and why the shapes of preference functions for particular call properties vary among populations within all ...
Pitzalis Sabrina - - 2012
MT+and V6 are key motion areas of the dorsal visual stream in both macaque and human brain. In the present study, we combined electrophysiological and neuroimaging methods (including retinotopic brain mapping) to find the electrophysiological correlates of V6 and to define its temporal relationship with the activity observed in MT+. ...
Suslick Kenneth S KS Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. - - 2012
Much of our science and technology relies on the visualization of complex data, and chemical biology, more than most fields, often deals with complex datasets. There are, however, other ways of making information available to our senses beyond the visual. Rare individuals naturally have sensory crossover, whose synesthesia permits them, ...
Ahs Fredrik - - 2012
Increased sensitivity to specific cues in the environment is common in anxiety disorders. This increase in sensory processing can emerge through attention processes that enhance discrimination of a cue from other cues as well as through augmented senses that reduce the absolute intensity of sensory stimulation needed for detection. Whereas ...
Weiss Tali - - 2012
In vision, two mixtures, each containing an independent set of many different wavelengths, may produce a common color percept termed "white." In audition, two mixtures, each containing an independent set of many different frequencies, may produce a common perceptual hum termed "white noise." Visual and auditory whites emerge upon two ...
Emerson M R - - 2012
This study quantified relationships between USDA instrument marbling measurements and LM sensory attributes (tenderness, flavor, juiciness) and shear force. Heifer (n = 390) and steer (n = 328) carcasses (all A-maturity) were selected at 4 beef processing plants in CO, KS, NE, and TX to represent 7 marbling degrees: Traces ...
Thabet Michel - - 2012
BackgroundFlickering light has been shown to sensitize the migraine visual system at high stimulus contrast while elevating thresholds at low contrast. The present study employs a dichoptic psychophysical paradigm to ask whether the abnormal adaptation to flicker in migraine occurs before or after the binocular combination of inputs from the ...
Cousineau Marion - - 2012
Some combinations of musical notes sound pleasing and are termed "consonant," but others sound unpleasant and are termed "dissonant." The distinction between consonance and dissonance plays a central role in Western music, and its origins have posed one of the oldest and most debated problems in perception. In modern times, ...
Rincon-Gonzalez L - - 2012
ABSTRACT Neuroprosthetic limbs, regardless of their sophisticated motor control, require sensory feedback to viably interact with the environment. Toward that aim, the authors examined interrelationships between tactile and proprioceptive sensations. Through human psychophysics experiments, they evaluated error patterns of subjects estimating hand location in a horizontal 2-dimensional workspace under 3 ...
Lokki Tapio - - 2012
Subjective evaluation of acoustics was studied by recording nine concert halls with a simulated symphony orchestra on a seat 12 m from the orchestra. The recorded music was spatially reproduced for subjective listening tests and individual vocabulary profiling. In addition, the preferences of the assessors and objective parameters were gathered. The ...
Hanson-Vaux Grant - - 2012
Crossmodal correspondences between odors and visual stimuli-particularly colors-are well-established in the literature, but there is a paucity of research involving visual shape correspondences. Crossmodal associations between 20 odors (a selection of those commonly found in wine) and visual shape stimuli ("kiki"/"bouba" forms-Köhler W. 1929. Gestalt psychology. New York: Liveright.) were ...
Matynia Anna - - 2012
Photoallodynia (photophobia) occurs when normal levels of light cause pain ranging from uncomfortable to debilitating. The only current treatment for photoallodynia is light avoidance. The first step to understanding the mechanisms of photoallodynia is to develop reliable animal behavioral tests of light aversion and identify the photoreceptors required to initiate ...
Botezatu Andreea - - 2012
  2,5-Dimethyl-3-methoxypyrazine (DMMP) has been recently identified in both Coccinellidae-tainted (by either Coccinella septempunctata or Harmonia axyridis beetles) and untainted wines; however, little is known regarding its impact on wine aroma and flavor. The aims of this study were to obtain an accurate estimate of both the ortho- and retronasal ...
Breinbauer Hayo A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Our goal was to assess the impact of personal music players, earphones, and music styles on output, the subject's preferred listening levels, and outline recommendations for the prevention of music-induced hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. Personal music players' output capabilities and volunteers' preferred output levels were assessed in ...
Liao Jinfeng - - 2012
The dependence of the confinement transition parameters on the fermion content provides information on the mechanism of confinement. Recent progress in lattice gauge theories has allowed us to study it for a light flavor number N_{f}∼O(10) and found this transition to shift toward significantly stronger coupling. We propose an explanation ...
Jin In-Ki - - 2012
This study aims to evaluate how speech quality is affected by noise which varies in modulation from 0% (the lowest correlation with the speech envelope) to 100% (the highest correlation with the speech envelope). Using a scaled paired-comparison forced-choice procedure, ten normal-hearing listeners rated overall preference, noisiness, and distortion of ...
Sparenberg Peggy - - 2012
Both mimicking and being mimicked induces preference for a target. The present experiments investigate the minimal sufficient conditions for this mimicry-preference link to occur. We argue that mere effector matching between one's own and the other person's movement is sufficient to induce preference, independent of which movement is actually performed. ...
Bini Rodrigo Rico RR a Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand, Sports and Recreation , Millennium Institute of Sport and Health , Rosedale, North Shore, Auckland , New - - 2014
Abstract The effects of saddle height on pedal forces and joint kinetics (e.g. mechanical work) are unclear. Therefore, we assessed the effects of saddle height on pedal forces, joint mechanical work and kinematics in 12 cyclists and 12 triathletes. Four sub-maximal 2-min cycling trials (3.4 W/kg and 90 rpm) were ...
Vigo Ronaldo - - 2012
An open problem in acoustical psychophysics involves the extent to which the structuro-acoustical properties of a set of sounds determine goodness of pattern judgments (i.e., how good a pattern is perceived to be). We investigated this question experimentally and theoretically from the standpoint of the dimensional structure of sets of ...
Whalen D H - - 2012
Previous work has shown that perception of allophones of /p/ in English utterances was influenced by lexical status. In nonwords, the aspirated allophone was preferred whether appropriate or not; in words, the appropriate allophone was preferred [Whalen, Best, & Irwin (1997), J. Phonetics, 25, 501-528]. Here, we examined dark and ...
Moore Brian C J BC Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EB England, UK. - - 2012
This article reviews a series of studies on the factors influencing sound quality preferences, mostly for jazz and classical music stimuli. The data were obtained using ratings of individual stimuli or using the method of paired comparisons. For normal-hearing participants, the highest ratings of sound quality were obtained when the ...
Goss David A - - 2012
PURPOSE.: Monocular estimation method (MEM) dynamic retinoscopy and low neutral (LN) dynamic retinoscopy are common procedures for evaluating the need for near-point plus adds for improved near-point performance in non-presbyopes. A combination of MEM and LN has been suggested to be a method of plotting accommodative response/accommodative stimulus functions and ...
Bridwell David A - - 2012
Attention biases sensory processing toward neurons containing information about behaviorally relevant events. These attentional biases apparently reflect the combined influence of feature enhancement and suppression. We examined the separate influence of enhancement and suppression in visual processing by determining whether responses to an unattended flicker were modulated when the flicker ...
Alex N Jilna - - 2012
When presented with stimulus shoals of siblings and conspecifics in equal number, P. sarana subnasutus were able to discriminate their siblings and preferred to associate with them. Given a choice between large shoal and a small shoal consisting of siblings, the juvenile fish preferred to associate with larger stimulus group ...
Gabbett Tim J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, no study has investigated the concurrent repeated, high-intensity (RHIA) and repeated-sprint activity (RSA) of intermittent team sport competition. PURPOSE: In this study, we report on the RSA of elite Women's football competition. In addition, we describe the nature of RHIA (e.g. striding and sprinting activities) that ...
Chung Tae Nyoung - - 2012
ObjectivesRecent studies have shown that there may be an interaction between duty cycle and other factors related to the quality of chest compression. Duty cycle represents the fraction of compression phase. We aimed to investigate the effect of shorter compression phase on average chest compression depth during metronome-guided cardiopulmonary resuscitation.MethodsSenior ...
Pullen Anne J - - 2012
Domestic dogs are reported to show intense but transient neophilia towards novel objects. Here, we examine habituation and dishabituation to manipulable objects by kennel-housed dogs. Labrador retrievers (N = 16) were repeatedly presented with one toy for successive 30-s periods until interaction ceased. At this point (habituation), a different toy was presented ...
Vigne G - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the physical performance of a success-Serie A team of more than three consecutive seasons. 25 players participated in the study and were classified into three playing positions: defenders (n=9), midfielders (n=11) and forward (n=5). Activities match were studied by an analysis ...
Packer Robert R - - 2012
The influence of reinforcer magnitude and reinforcer delay on smoking abstinence was studied using an analog model of contingency management. Participants (N = 103, 74% men) visited our laboratory 3 times daily for 5 days and received money for providing a breath sample that indicated smoking abstinence (carbon monoxide level ...
Heinen Thomas - - 2012
In gymnastics, most skills incorporate rotations about one or more body axes. At present, the question remains open if factors such as lateral preference and/or vestibulo-spinal asymmetry are related to gymnast's rotational preference. Therefore, we sought to explore relationships in gymnast's rotation direction between different gymnastic skills. Furthermore, we sought ...
Witt Jessica K - - 2012
Stereotypes, expectations, and emotions influence an observer's ability to detect and categorize objects as guns. In light of recent work in action-perception interactions, however, there is another unexplored factor that may be critical: The action choices available to the perceiver. In five experiments, participants determined whether another person was holding ...
Legriffon Cristiane Machado de Oliveira - - 2012
Sandflies caught in Santa Juliana Farm in Sarandi, State of Paraná, Brazil, were assessed in terms of their fauna, seasonality, and frequency in the homes and in shelters of domestic animals around the homes, as well as in the nearby forest. In Santa Juliana Farm, there are no records of ...
Posatskiy A O - - 2012
Mechanomyography has recently been proposed as a control modality for alternative access technologies for individuals with disabilities. However, MMG recordings are highly susceptible to contamination from limb movements. Pressure-based transducers are touted to be the most robust to external movement although there is some debate about their optimal chamber geometry, ...
Descovich K A - - 2013
Behavioural lateralisation is evident across most animal taxa, although few marsupial and no fossorial species have been studied. Twelve wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) were bilaterally presented with eight sounds from different contexts (threat, neutral, food) to test for auditory laterality. Head turns were recorded prior to and immediately following sound presentation. ...
Horgen Gunnar - - 2012
A functionally optimized housing development designed to meet the demands in different phases of living (universal design) may result in the elderly living longer in their own homes. In this study a total of 165 healthy persons were included out of a total of approximately 320 persons turning 75 years ...
Pietraszewski Bogdan - - 2012
The aim of this research was to establish a kinematic pattern of adult gait for motion analysis system BTS Smart-E used in the research conducted in the Laboratory of Biomechanical Analysis, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław. This research presents the results of gait patterns for a group of 17 ...
Walker Laura - - 2012
Following Karwoski, Odbert, and Osgood (1942, Journal of General Psychology 26 199-222), it is proposed that cross-sensory correspondences can arise from extensive, bi-directional cross-activation between dimensions of connotative meaning. If this account is correct, the same set of cross-sensory correspondences (eg brightness with high pitch, high pitch with sharpness, smallness ...
He Chao - - 2012
During sustained stimulation most sensory neurons will adapt their response by decreasing their sensitivity to the signal. The adaptation response helps shape attention and also protects cells from over-stimulation. Adaptation within the olfactory circuit of C. elegans was first described by Colbert and Bargmann(1,2). Here, the authors defined parameters of ...
McIntyre Sarah - - 2012
While the directionality of tactile motion processing has been studied extensively, tactile speed processing and its relationship to direction is little-researched and poorly understood. We investigated this relationship in humans using the 'tactile speed aftereffect' (tSAE), in which the speed of motion appears slower following prolonged exposure to a moving ...
Stevanov Jasmina - - 2012
This study investigated the relationship between the magnitude of illusory motion in the variants of the "Rotating Snakes" pattern and the visual preference among such patterns. In Experiment 1 we manipulated the outer contour and the internal geometrical structure of the figure to test for corresponding modulations in the perceived ...
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