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Results 351 - 400 of 991
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Nelwan Stefan P - - 2008
AIM: The aim of the study was to simultaneously test the EASI lead system and two other derived ECG methods against the standard 12-lead ECG during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: During 44 percutaneous coronary interventions, a simultaneously recorded 12-lead and EASI ECG were marked at the start of the ...
Holman Hoi-Ying N - - 2008
We report that the pathologic components present within the atheromatous plaques of ApoE knock-out mice can reflect significant amounts of mid-infrared (mid-IR) light. Furthermore, the reflected light spectra contained the unique signatures of a variety of biologic features including those found in unstable or "vulnerable" plaque. This discovery may represent ...
Li Min - - 2008
Using target-specific short interfering (si) RNAs, we silenced the tandem endocytic receptors megalin and cubilin genes in cultured human renal proximal tubule epithelial cells. Transfection by siRNA resulted in up to 90% suppression of both megalin and cubilin protein and mRNA expression. In HK-2 cells exposed to kappa-light chain for ...
Wyckhuys K A G KA Horticulture Research Center, Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Chia (Cundinamarca), Colombia. - - 2008
The Asian parasitoid, Binodoxys communis (Gahan) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), is a candidate for release against the exotic soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae), in North America. In this study, we examined preferences by B. communis for the different developmental stages of A. glycines and investigated consequences of these preferences for ...
Wang Xiaolin - - 2008
A previously undescribed toothless flying reptile from northeastern China, Nemicolopterus crypticus gen. et sp. nov., was discovered in the lacustrine sediments of the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation, western Liaoning, China. The specimen consists of an almost complete articulated skeleton (IVPP V14377) and, despite representing an immature individual, based on the ...
Janiszewski Chris - - 2008
The anchoring-and-adjustment heuristic has been used to account for a wide variety of numerical judgments. Five studies show that adjustment away from a numerical anchor is smaller if the anchor is precise than if it is rounded. Evidence suggests that precise anchors, compared with rounded anchors, are represented on a ...
Langacker Paul - - 2008
We consider a class of models in which supersymmetry breaking is communicated dominantly via a U1' gauge interaction, which also helps solve the mu problem. Such models can emerge naturally in top-down constructions and are a version of split supersymmetry. The spectrum contains heavy sfermions, Higgsinos, exotics, and Z' approximately ...
Roe John H - - 2008
Aquatic animals inhabiting temporary wetlands must respond to habitat drying either by estivating or moving to other wetlands. Using radiotelemetry and capture mark recapture, we examined factors influencing the decisions made by individuals in a population of freshwater turtles (Chelodina longicollis) in response to wetland drying in southeastern Australia. Turtles ...
Stamps Arthur E AE - - 2008
Prospect and refuge theory suggests that preferences for environments are based on prospect (the unimpeded opportunity to see) and refuge (the opportunity to hide). This article reports two experiments on how well four factors derived from prospect and refuge theory predicted responses of comfort or liking. The factors were prospect ...
Brennan M L - - 2008
Little is known regarding the types and frequencies of contact that exist between farms and which of these may act as pathogen transmission routes; however it is likely that farms demonstrate considerable heterogeneity in such contacts. In this cross-sectional study, we explored the direct and indirect contact types and frequencies ...
Matmour Rachid - - 2008
A new and versatile synthetic strategy that provides access to precisely defined and totally soluble multicarbanionic initiators has been implemented to obtain by divergent growth dendrimer-like samples of polystyrene (PS) (up to the seventh generation) or polybutadiene (PB) (up to the third generation) and also asymmetric and miktoarm stars. This ...
Lujan Marla E - - 2008
We recently reported poor inter-observer agreement in identifying and quantifying individual ultrasonographic features of polycystic ovaries. Our objective was to determine the effect of a training workshop on reducing inter-observer variation in the ultrasonographic evaluation of polycystic ovaries. Transvaginal ultrasound recordings from thirty women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) were ...
Dispenzieri Angela - - 2008
AL amyloidosis is a rare disease in which immunoglobulin light chains are deposited as aggregated interstitial fibrils that can compromise organ function and lead to death. The risks that patients with amyloidosis face include late diagnosis, misdiagnosis of amyloid type, untimely and ineffective therapy, and toxicities of therapy. The goals ...
Suzuki Mototsugu - - 2008
The measurement of the sound by the shock wave and the analysis of the natural frequencies were carried out for the authentic and five kinds of counterfeit 500-yen coins for the purpose of the quick and simple discrimination. Four peaks of natural frequencies were observed in the range of 5-20 ...
Hosokawa Takahiro - - 2007
Vertical symbiont transmission is among the most pivotal processes for maintenance of symbiotic associations. However, it is poorly understood whether and how the levels of resource allocation and investment upon vertical transmission are regulated. The stinkbug Megacopta punctatissima is obligatorily associated with the gut symbiotic bacterium 'Candidatus Ishikawaella capsulata', whose ...
Otterdal Kari - - 2008
RATIONALE: Thrombus formation and inflammation are involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and LIGHT (Lymphotoxin-like Inducible protein that competes with Glycoprotein D for Herpesvirus entry mediator on T lymphocytes) has been shown to promote vascular inflammation. OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the role of the tumor necrosis ...
Song Chen - - 2007
Propene is widely used in smog chamber experiments to increase the hydroxyl radical (OH) level based on the assumption that the formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) from parent hydrocarbon is unaffected. A series of m-xylene/NO(x) photooxidation experiments were conducted in the presence of propene in the University of California ...
Cottam Ron - - 2007
The central concern of this paper is to re-evaluate Rosen's replicating (M,R)-systems, presented in his book 'Life Itself ', where M and R signify metabolism and repair, respectively. We look anew at Rosen's model of an organism in the light of extensive research into natural hierarchical systems, and the paper ...
Munuera Pedro V - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to relate the incidence of the partition of the hallucal sesamoid bones to the size of the first metatarsal and the hallux valgus deformity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a sample of 474 radiographs, the frequency of appearance of bipartite sesamoids was studied. The length and relative ...
Rink Floor - - 2007
In this paper, we present an experimental study that examines the influence of work-goal differences and informational differences on the formation of a common identity in dyads. We show that when both kinds of differences are present within a dyad, these differences-- just like similarities--come to be seen as defining ...
Jagannath Sundar - - 2007
The automated quantification of serum free kappa and lambda light chain concentrations provides a highly sensitive tool for the diagnosis and monitoring of monoclonal gammopathies. An abnormal kappa:lambda ratio supports the presence of clonal plasma cell expansion and requires further investigation. More than 94% of myeloma, light chain myeloma, and ...
Kapur Umesh - - 2007
CONTEXT: In plasma cell dyscrasias, involvement of the distal tubules is frequent and well characterized. In contrast, proximal tubules have only rarely been reported to show diagnostic pathology such as intracytoplasmic crystals. OBJECTIVE: To look for additional morphologic features that might be helpful in the diagnosis of proximal tubulopathy associated ...
Mirhosseini Hamed - - 2007
The possible relationships between the main emulsion components (namely, Arabic gum, xanthan gum, and orange oil) and the physicochemical properties of orange beverage emulsion were evaluated by using response surface methodology. The physicochemical emulsion property variables considered as response variables were emulsion stability, viscosity, fluid behavior, zeta-potential, and electrophoretic mobility. ...
Bledzhyants D A - - 2007
Serum concentration of autoantibodies to myosin light chains was measured after resumption of the bloodflow recovery in patients who underwent hypothermic aortocoronary bypass surgery. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to postoperative hemodynamic parameters and degree of myocardial injury. The studies showed significant differences in the concentrations of ...
Morris K L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Organ dysfunction in AL amyloidosis is related to the production and deposition of amyloidogenic monoclonal light chains. These pathological light chains can now be quantified using the recently developed serum free light chain assay. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 31 patients with AL amyloidosis to determine the frequency of abnormal ...
Promodu K - - 2007
Apprehension about the normal size of penis is a major concern for men. Aim of the present investigation is to estimate the penile length and circumference of Indian males and to compare the results with the data from other countries. Results will help in counseling the patients worried about the ...
Ybe Joel A - - 2007
The self-assembly of clathrin into lattices relies on the ability of heavy chain legs to form a three-legged pinwheel structure. We investigated the role of light chains in clathrin trimerization by challenging recombinant hub (plus and minus light chain) with an anionic detergent. The binding of light chain increases the ...
Goddard Yanina - - 2007
The (1)H nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion profiles were measured from 10 kHz to 30 MHz as a function of temperature for polyglycine, polyalanine, polyvaline, and polyphenylalanine to examine the contributions of different side chain motions to the polypeptide proton relaxation rate constants. The spin-fracton theory for (1)H relaxation is modified ...
Satoskar Anjali A - - 2007
CONTEXT: Amyloidosis represents a group of diseases with extracellular deposition of congophilic fibrils of similar morphology but differing chemical composition. The types commonly involving the kidney are AL (light chain amyloid) and AA (serum amyloid A). Familial amyloidosis can also affect the kidney, but we have not encountered such a ...
Lu Yi - - 2007
Three-dimensional functional nanoscale assembly requires not only self-assembly of individual nanomaterials responsive to external stimuli, such as temperature, light, and concentrations, but also directed assembly of many different nanomaterials in one-pot responsive to multiple internal stimuli signaling the needs for such materials at a specific location and a particular time. ...
VanderWeele Tyler J - - 2007
Various concepts of interaction are reconsidered in light of a sufficient-component-cause framework. Conditions and statistical tests are derived for the presence of synergism within sufficient causes. The conditions derived are sufficient but not necessary for the presence of synergism. In the context of monotonic effects, the conditions derived are closely ...
Pierer M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The TNF superfamily member LIGHT has a T-cell co-stimulatory role and has previously been associated with inflammation and autoimmunity. To investigate its role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a disease where activated T cells contribute in a prominent way, we have analysed the expression of LIGHT and its receptors in ...
Or-Guil Michal - - 2007
Optimization of antibody affinity is a hallmark of the humoral immune response. It takes place in hundreds of transient microstructures called germinal centers (GCs). Their function and time-dependent behavior are subjects of active investigation. According to a generally accepted notion, their individual kinetics follows the average kinetics of all GCs ...
Downes P K - - 2007
There are many and varied ways of connecting to the Internet. For the vast majority of the Internet's existence, most people connected using the maddeningly slow click-and-wait experience of a dial-up connection. By June 2005, the number of the newer and faster broadband connections in the UK exceeded dial-up connections ...
Roeselers G - - 2007
Phototrophic biofilms are matrix-enclosed microbial communities, mainly driven by light energy. In this study, the successional changes in community composition of freshwater phototrophic biofilms growing on polycarbonate slides under different light intensities were investigated. The sequential changes in community composition during different developmental stages were examined by denaturing gradient gel ...
Wang Pei-Xuan - - 2007
As low molecular weight proteins, restriction from glomerular filtration is minimized, permitting significant amounts of Ig light chains to be endocytosed into the proximal tubule epithelium, particularly in plasma cell dyscrasias. Recent studies have shown that this effect of concentrating light chains within the proximal tubule alters cell function. This ...
Manovic Vasilije - - 2007
This study examines steam reactivation of sorbent to improve the reversibility of multiple CaO-CO2 capture cycles. Experiments to obtain spent sorbent were performed in a tube furnace, and reactivation was achieved using steam in a pressurized reactor. Sorbent activity for CO2 capture was then tested in a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA), ...
Hosono Nobuhiko - - 2007
Poly(amide acid) gels containing photosensitive azobenzene groups in the main chain have been synthesized and their viscoelastic properties before and after light irradiation have been investigated by dynamic viscoelasticity measurements. It was found that 405 nm light induced a local volume change and a two-fold increase in the storage modulus ...
Thomassen Henri A - - 2007
The Oilbird and many Swiftlet species are unique among birds for their ability to echolocate. Echolocaters may benefit from improved hearing sensitivity. Therefore, morphological adaptations to echolocation might be present in echolocating birds' middle ears. We studied the functional morphology of the tympano-ossicular chain of seven specimens of four echolocating ...
Seela Frank - - 2007
The effect of tautomerism on the mismatch discrimination was studied on 7-deazapurine and 8-aza-7-deazapurine analogues of isoguanosine. 7-Halogenated 7-deaza-2'-deoxyisoguanosines show better base pair discrimination than 2'-deoxyisoguanosine due to the more favored keto tautomer formation. 8-Aza-7-deazaisoguanosine and its 7-halogeno derivatives also show higher keto tautomer population than that of isoguanosine, but ...
Keeling John - - 2007
Certain structurally abnormal light and heavy chains are known to be nephrotoxic and alter mesangial homeostasis producing pathological alterations. Many of the mechanisms involved in light chain-mesangial interactions have been deciphered using an in vitro model, providing a framework for understanding the sequence of events that leads to irreversible glomerular ...
Sinclair David - - 2007
The diagnosis and monitoring of free light chain abnormalities and disease has always been a challenging area for laboratory and clinical staff because urine electrophoresis is often overlooked in the investigations requested. We present here three case reports which illustrate first, the role of the laboratory staff and second, the ...
Monis Grace Fortes - - 2006
Amyloidosis is a disease of protein misfolding that ultimately impairs organ function. Previously, we demonstrated that amyloidogenic light chains (kappa1, lambda6, and lambda3 subtypes), internalized by cardiac fibroblasts, enhanced sulfation of secreted glycosaminoglycans. In this study, we investigated the internalization and cellular trafficking of urinary immunoglobulin light chains into cardiac ...
Orozco Adriana Vega - - 2006
The axons that constitute the ovarian nervous plexus originate mostly in the principal neurons of the superior mesenteric ganglion (SMG) that is part of the sympathetic ganglionic chain and exhibits cholinergic receptors. In order to observe the effect of acetylcholine, the main neurotransmitter in the ganglionic transmission, the purpose of ...
Chung Fu-Lai - - 2006
Enhancing the robustness and interpretability of a multilayer perceptron (MLP) with a sigmoid activation function is a challenging topic. As a particular MLP, additive TS-type MLP (ATSMLP) can be interpreted based on single-stage fuzzy IF-THEN rules, but its robustness will be degraded with the increase in the number of intermediate ...
Hickford J - - 2006
We study the formation of knots on a macroscopic ball chain, which is shaken on a horizontal plate at 12 times the acceleration of gravity. We find that above a certain critical length, the knotting probability is independent of chain length, while the time to shake out a knot increases ...
Erler Jens - - 2006
There are indications that hadronic loops in some electroweak observables are almost saturated by parton level effects. Taking this as the hypothesis for this work, we propose a genuine parton level estimate of the hadronic light-by-light contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, a(LBL)/(mu)(had). Our quark mass definitions ...
Kristan William B - - 2006
'Form follows function' is an architectural philosophy attributed to the great American architect Louis Sullivan, and later taken up by the Bauhaus movement. It stresses that the form of a building should reflect its function. Neuroscientists have used the converse of this dictum to learn the functions of neural circuits, ...
Franke Josef D - - 2006
Native nonmuscle myosin IIs play essential roles in cellular and developmental processes throughout phylogeny. Individual motor molecules consist of a heterohexameric complex of three polypeptides which, when properly assembled, are capable of force generation. Here, we more completely characterize the properties, relationships and associations that each subunit has with one ...
Salzameda Bridget - - 2006
In the presence of ATP, unphosphorylated smooth muscle myosin can form a catalytically inactive monomer that sediments at 10 Svedbergs (10 S). The tail of 10 S bends into thirds and interacts with the regulatory domain. ADP-P(i) is "trapped" at the active site, and consequently the ATPase activity is extremely ...
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