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Zhu Peng - - 2013
Light funneling in metal/dielectric multilayer films with subwavelength grooves is numerically and experimentally demonstrated. Incident light at the resonant wavelength can be completely funneled into dielectric layers through a narrow groove that only covers 12.5% of the surface area within one period and absorbed by a resonant cavity composed of ...
Zhang Huabin - - 2013
The first example of an inorganic-organic composite framework with a 3D inorganic Cd-O-M (M = Cd, Rb) connectivity, featuring a unique {Cd(7)Rb}(n) helix and nanoscale {Cd(16)Rb(4)} and {Cd(18)Rb(2)} rings, has been constructed and structurally characterized. This compound exhibits white-light emission and a wavelength-dependent photochromic response.
Yu Zhou - - 2013
In this paper, large scale hierarchical CdS dendrites are synthesized via a facile and effective hydrothermal route. The morphologies, microstructures and photocatalytic properties of the as-synthesized products are investigated in detail. Individual CdS dendrites consist of a long central trunk with secondary and tertiary sharp branches, which preferentially grow in ...
S Chandramohan - - 2013
This paper reports on the evaluation of the impact of introducing interlayers and post-metallization annealing on the graphene/p-GaN ohmic contact formation and performance of associated devices. Current-voltage characteristics of the graphene/p-GaN contacts with ultrathin Au, Ni and NiOx interlayers were studied using transmission line model with circular contact geometry. Direct ...
Schmidtmann Gunnar - - 2013
The proportion of signal elements embedded in noise needed to detect a signal is a standard tool for investigating motion perception. This paradigm was applied to the shape domain to determine how local information is pooled into a global percept. Stimulus arrays consisted of oriented Gabor elements that sampled the ...
Hu Haifeng - - 2013
The recent reported trapped "rainbow" storage of light using metamaterials and plasmonic graded surface gratings has generated considerable interest for on-chip slow light. The potential for controlling the velocity of broadband light in guided photonic structures opens up tremendous opportunities to manipulate light for optical modulation, switching, communication and light-matter ...
Tang Yongan - - 2013
We study metallic nano-particles for light trapping by investigating the optical absorption efficiency of the hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film with and without metallic nano-particles on its top. The size and shape of these nano-particles are investigated as to their roles of light trapping: scattering light to the absorption medium ...
Samanta Sudeshna - - 2013
: Low-frequency flicker noise has been measured in a metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) device made from a single strand of a single crystalline Si nanowire (diameter approximately 50 nm). Measurement was done with an alternating current (ac) excitation for the noise measurement superimposed with direct current (dc) bias that can be controlled ...
Zivanović Branka D BD Institute for Multidisciplinary Research; University of Belgrade; Belgrade, - - 2013
Unicellular zygomycete fungus Phycomyces blakesleeanus exhibits a typical apical growth that depends on a complex interaction of different physiological processes. Sensitivity to the light, wind, barriers, touch and gravity of Phycomyces sporangiophore implicate the existence of the cross-talk between different signaling pathways in the same cell. Touch and gravity in ...
Glen James C - - 2013
We examined how crowding (the breakdown of object recognition in the periphery caused by interference from "clutter") depends on the global arrangement of target and distracting flanker elements. Specifically we probed orientation discrimination using a near-vertical target Gabor flanked by two vertical distractor Gabors (one above and one below the ...
Mattiucci N - - 2013
Metals are generally considered good reflectors over the entire electromagnetic spectrum up to their plasma frequency. Here we demonstrate an approach to tailor their absorbing characteristics based on the effective metamaterial properties of thin, periodic metallo-dielectric multilayers by exploiting a broadband, inherently non-resonant, surface impedance matching mechanism. Based on this ...
Dinitto Julie M - - 2013
Both the voltage-induced and the inherent (static) birefringence of a photoelastic modulator (PEM) affect the phase difference between orthogonal components of light passing through the PEM. This phase difference determines the polarization state of the light and is essential for determining true circular and linear dichroism (CD and LD, respectively) ...
Ho Tung-Yuan - - 2013
Our previous laboratory study revealed that insufficient Ni supply can limit nitrogen fixation in Trichodesmium, a primary diazotrophic phytoplankton in the tropical and subtropical oceans. Here we show that light intensity and Ni availability interrelate to influence Trichodesmium growth. Trichodesmium growth is severely inhibited under high light (670 μE m(-2) ...
Xia H - - 2013
To assess the feasibility of using light-emitting diode fluorescence microscopy (LED-FM) in peripheral laboratories in China. The performance of LED-FM and Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) microscopy was compared on slides directly prepared from the sputum of tuberculosis (TB) suspects and follow-up patients on treatment. The examination time, fading of fluorescence-stained slides, average ...
Shali Shalaimaiti S Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Zhong Shan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2013
Magnitude of current of injury (COI) consequent to pacemaker lead fixation is recognized as a predictor of acute lead stability. It is unclear whether dynamic monitoring of COI after lead fixation provides additional information beyond a single assessment performed at the time of fixation. This study was aimed to test ...
Klein Sabine D - - 2013
Homeopathic remedies are produced by potentising, that is, the serial logarithmic dilution and succussion of a mother tincture. Techniques like ultraviolet spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, calorimetry, or thermoluminescence have been used to investigate their physical properties. In this study, homeopathic centesimal (c) potencies (6c to 30c) of copper sulfate, Hypericum ...
Yamada Yuki - - 2013
How does the brain determine the position of moving objects? It turns out to be rather complex to answer this question when we realize that the brain has to solve the motion correspondence problem in two kinds of reference frames: Retinotopic and non-retinotopic ones. We show that visual objects are ...
Field Daniel J - - 2013
In birds and feathered non-avian dinosaurs, within-feather pigmentation patterns range from discrete spots and stripes to more subtle patterns, but the latter remain largely unstudied. A ∼55 million year old fossil contour feather with a dark distal tip grading into a lighter base was recovered from the Fur Formation in ...
Herold C D - - 2012
We present a method for accurate determination of atomic transition matrix elements at the 10^{-3} level. Measurements of the ac Stark (light) shift around "magic-zero" wavelengths, where the light shift vanishes, provide precise constraints on the matrix elements. We make the first measurement of the 5s-6p matrix elements in rubidium ...
Tian Lijin - - 2012
Cyanobacteria are oxygen-evolving photosynthetic organisms that harvest sunlight and convert excitation energy into chemical energy. Most of the light is absorbed by large light-harvesting complexes called phycobilisomes (PBs). In high-light conditions cyanobacteria switch on a photoprotective mechanism called non-photochemical quenching (NPQ): During this process, absorption of blue-green light transforms the ...
Lim Seong-Rin - - 2012
Artificial lighting systems are transitioning from incandescent to compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) and light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs in response to the U.S. Energy Independence and Security Act and the EU Ecodesign Directive, which lead to energy savings and reduced greenhouse gas emissions. Although CFLs and LEDs are more energy-efficient than ...
Zhang Yanyan - - 2012
3D Hierarchical echinus-like titanate spheres (HETSs), serving as the supporting material for CdS nanoparticles, are synthesized via a fast one-step hydrothermal method. The obtained 3D CdS-HETS composite materials show enhanced H(2) generation under visible light irradiation.
Ledolter Anna A - - 2012
PURPOSE: To study the effects of filtering bandwidth on the two-global-flash multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) responses in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) compared with control subjects. METHODS: A two-global-flash mfERG (VERIS 6.06™, FMS III) was recorded in 20 healthy subjects and 22 POAG patients with a band-pass filter (BPF) of 1-300 Hz (103 ...
Donovan Jeff M JM Institute of Neuroscience, 1254 University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403, - - 2012
In echoic environments, direct sounds dominate perception even when followed by their reflections. As the delay between the direct (lead) source and the reflection (lag) increases, the reflection starts to become localizable. Although this phenomenon, which is part of the precedence effect, is typically studied with brief transients, leading and ...
Chimento Philip F - - 2012
We demonstrate partial conversion of circularly polarized light into orbital angular momentum-carrying vortex light with opposite-handed circular polarization. This conversion is accomplished in a novel manner using the birefringent properties of a circular subwavelength slit in a thin metal film. Our technique can be applied over a very wide range ...
Doughty Michael J - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To further evaluate possible effects of lighting conditions on the spontaneous eyeblink rate (SEBR) of normal young adult human subjects. METHODS:: A baseline 5 min video recording was made followed by a second recording under test conditions in 7 different groups of 10 subjects. These test conditions were a ...
Kim Kwang-Hyon - - 2012
We propose a method for slowing down light pulses by using composites doped with metal nanoparticles. The underlying mechanism is related to the saturable absorption near the plasmon resonance in a pump-probe regime, leading to strong dispersion of the probe refractive index and significantly reduced group velocities. By using a ...
Walther Benny - - 2012
Plasmonic metamaterials exhibit strong and tunable dispersion, as a result of their pronounced resonances. This dispersion is used to construct an ultrathin light-shaping element that produces different waves at two distinct wavelengths in the near IR range. The optical response of the pixelated element is adjusted by variations in the ...
Yamamoto Naoki - - 2012
The photoelastic constant (PEC) is evaluated for 15 zinc tin phosphate glasses in a series of xZnO-(67-x)SnO-33P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> where x is 0-30 mol. % at 0.5-7 mol. % intervals. The phase retardation of polarized light, passing through a disk sample with applying various uniaxial loads, was measured for PEC determinations by using a ...
Liu Zhangsheng - - 2012
Cadmium sulphide (CdS) quantum dots (QDs) sensitized that hierarchical bismuth oxybromide (BiOBr) photocatalysts were synthesized via a facile solvothermal approach for the first time, which were characterized by XRD, XPS, SEM, TEM, PL, and UV-vis DRS spectra. The photocatalytic activities were evaluated by the decomposition of methyl orange (MO) under ...
Lock Nina - - 2012
Complementary experimental techniques and ab initio calculations were used to determine the origin and nature of negative thermal expansion (NTE) in the archetype metal-organic framework MOF-5 (Zn(4)O(1,4-benzenedicarboxylate)(3)). The organic linker was probed by inelastic neutron scattering under vacuum and at a gas pressure of 175 bar to distinguish between the ...
Bloh J Z - - 2012
In order to use photocatalysis with solar light, finding more active and especially visible light active photocatalysts is a very important challenge. Also, studies of these photocatalysts should employ a standardized test procedure so that their results can be accurately compared and evaluated with one another. A systematic study of ...
Liu Ken - - 2012
The confinement of light within nanometer-scale regions may result in the significant enhancement of light-matter interactions. However, light confinement to nanometers is hindered by the diffraction limit of a dielectric material. For a dielectric cavity, if the material loss is negligible, reducing the cavity size usually causes a significantly increase ...
Zhu Z H - - 2012
We show that optical transmission of linearly polarized light through a plasmonic subwavelength metallic grating cascaded with a dielectric grating at a 45° angle to each other is asymmetric in opposite directions. A key characteristic of this asymmetric transmission is that the polarization of the transmitted light is changed. Simulation ...
Zhang Fang - - 2012
Piezo-phototronic effect is about the use of piezoelectric potential created inside some materials for enhancing the charge carrier generation or separation at the metal-semiconductor contact or pn junction. In this paper, we demonstrate the impact of piezo-phototronic effect on the photon sensitivity for a ZnO-CdS core-shell micro/nanowire based visible and ...
Schau Philipp - - 2012
Due to plasmonic excitations, metallic meander structures exhibit an extraordinarily high transmission within a well-defined pass band. Within this frequency range, they behave like almost ideal linear polarizers, can induce large phase retardation between s- and p-polarized light and show a high polarization conversion efficiency. Due to these properties, meander ...
Leung Man-Kit - - 2012
Five rigid oxadiazole (OXD) containing silanes, denoted 1-5, have been developed with high morphological stability. Disruption of the π-aromatic conjugation by introduction of Si atoms leads to a large band gap and high triplet energy. Among the OXDs we studied, 2,5-bis(triphenylsilylphenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole 5 is the best host for FIrpic, with a ...
Fulton John L - - 2012
An X-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy (XAFS) cell that is suitable for solution-phase studies of the light elements in the series from Na(+) and Ca(2+) is described. This cell has an ultra-short pathlength that can be remotely adjusted using a miniature stepper-motor drive and thereby readily provides transmission pathlengths in the ...
Allen T W - - 2012
We used the theory of potential transmittance to derive a general expression for reflection-less tunneling through a periodic stack with a dielectric-metal-dielectric unit cell. For normal-incidence from air, the theory shows that only a specific (and typically impractically large) dielectric index can enable a perfect admittance match. For off-normal incidence ...
Case Alex - - 2012
A receiver's assessment of the quality of any single element of a soundscape is not limited to the objective values of sound attributes at the receiver location, but includes an intuitive or instinctive compensation for the source-to-receiver path. Borrowing from the time-proven connection between performance intensity versus presented level in ...
Xiao X - - 2012
We show that the polarization of linearly polarized light can be rotated an arbitrary angle by double-layer metal hole array structures in a subwavelength regime. The transmitted light with the rotated polarization, however, remains of nearly the same strength as the incident field at particular frequencies. The mechanism can be ...
Bochsler Tiana M - - 2012
Detecting and recognizing steps and ramps is an important component of the visual accessibility of public spaces for people with impaired vision. The present study, which is part of a larger program of research on visual accessibility, investigated the impact of two factors that may facilitate the recognition of steps ...
Wanuga Kevin - - 2012
A link-adaptive frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) ultrasonic physical layer is proposed for high-datarate communications through metal walls. The ultrasonic link allows for communication without physical penetration of the metal barrier. Link-adaptive OFDM mitigates the severe frequency- selective fading of the ultrasonic channel and greatly improves throughput over impulse or narrowband ...
Wang Guangzhen - - 2012
One kind of optical element combining Fresnel lens with microlens array is designed simply for LED lighting based on geometrical optics and nonimaging optics. This design method imposes no restriction on the source intensity pattern. The designed element has compact construction and can produce multiple shapes of illumination distribution. Taking ...
Walz-Flannigan Alisa A Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2012
How do display settings and ambient lighting affect contrast detection thresholds for human observers? Can recalibrating a display for high ambient lighting improve object detection? Contrast∕detail (CD) threshold detection performance was measured for observers using four color displays with varying overall contrast (e.g., differing maximum luminance and ambient lighting conditions). ...
Tamura Mamoru - - 2012
Inspired by biological motors, we propose a guiding principle for selectively separating nanoparticles (NPs) by efficiently using the light-induced force (LIF) and thermal fluctuations. We demonstrate the possibility of transporting metallic NPs of different sizes with a size-selection accuracy of less than 10 nm even at room temperature by designing ...
Yavas Ozlem - - 2012
In this letter, we demonstrate a refractive index sensor based on a subwavelength plasmon interferometer. Illumination of an atilt subwavelength slit-grove pair on a metal surface with monochromatic light generates high-contrast interference fringes of the transmitted light. Detection of the refractive index of the dielectric medium on the metal surface ...
Yue Song - - 2012
A metal-insulator-metal vertical nanocavity is proposed to be integrated at the center of a plasmonic lens. Utilizing cavity resonance effect, the light intensity at the center of the integrated plasmonic lens gets enhancement up to 5500 times compared to that without the cavity, and the light field is tightly confined ...
Dooley J C JC Center for Neuroscience, University of California, Davis, 1544 Newton Court, Davis, CA 95618, United - - 2012
Monodelphis domestica (short-tailed opossum) is an emerging animal model for studies of neural development due to the extremely immature state of the nervous system at birth and its subsequent rapid growth to adulthood. Yet little is known about its normal sensory discrimination abilities. In the present investigation, visual acuity was ...
Yang Biao - - 2012
The aim of this work was to examine how harsh luminous conditions in a cockpit, such as lightning in a thunderstorm or direct sunlight immediately after an aircraft passes through clouds, may affect the visual performance of pilots, and how to improve it. Such lighting conditions can result in the ...
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