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Springer A D - - 2004
Most primate retinas have an area dedicated for high visual acuity called the fovea centralis. Little is known about specific mechanisms that drive development of this complex central retinal specialization. The primate area of high acuity (AHA) is characterized by the presence of a pit that displaces the inner retinal ...
Shen Zhuang-zhi - - 2004
Degradation effect of organic pollutant on pentachlorophenol (PCP) is researched by ultrasound. PCP is treated by low frequency (16 kHz) and high frequency (800 +/- 1 kHz), and bi-frequency. The results of investigation on the ultrasonic destruction of PCP showed that the rate of PCP degradation at the same conditions ...
Vuorenmaa Jussi - - 2004
The long-term changes of acidifying deposition in Finland during the period 1973-2000 were studied using bulk deposition data from 19 stations belonging to the national monitoring network. The regional-scale approach (southern, central and northern Finland) was used for trend assessment with respect to implementation of European sulphur (S) emission reduction ...
Grossman Yuval - - 2003
We show that soft supersymmetry breaking terms involving the heavy sneutrinos can lead to sneutrino-antisneutrino mixing and to new sources of CP violation, which are present even if a single generation is considered. These terms are naturally present in supersymmetric versions of leptogenesis scenarios, and they induce indirect CP violation ...
Verhelst Steven H L - - 2003
In this paper, a rapid route toward functionalized bicyclic alkaloids is presented. In only three steps, an easily accessible carbohydrate derivative was converted into iodomethyl indolizidine 13, which can equilibrate to the corresponding iodoquinolizidine 15. We provide strong evidence that this equilibration proceeds via an aziridinium ion intermediate. Furthermore, nucleophilic ...
Wang Jingshan - - 2003
While clathrin heavy chains from different species are highly conserved in amino acid sequence, clathrin light chains are much more divergent. Thus clathrin light chain may have different functions in different organisms. To investigate clathrin light chain function, we cloned the clathrin light chain, clcA, from Dictyostelium and examined clathrin ...
El-Nashar Hassan F - - 2003
We investigate a system of coupled phase oscillators with nearest neighbors coupling in a chain with fixed ends. We find that the system synchronizes to a common value of the time-averaged frequency, which depends on the initial phases of the oscillators at the ends of the chain. This time-averaged frequency ...
de Jongh Reinoud - - 2003
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that the light-enhanced startle paradigm (LES) is an animal model for anxiety, because of the unconditioned and nonspecific cue and the long-term effect. In contrast, the fear-potentiated startle (FPS) is suggested to model fear. In the present study, we assessed in detail the time course ...
Sarmast Farzad - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that left atrial (LA) myocytes are more sensitive to acetylcholine (ACh) than right atrial (RA) myocytes, which results in a greater dose-dependent increase in LA than RA rotor frequency, increased LA-to-RA frequency gradient and increased incidence of wavelet formation during atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND ...
Nieznanski Krzysztof - - 2003
We prepared a new type of skeletal myosin subfragment 1 (S1-MLC1F) containing both, the essential and the regulatory light chains, intact, by exchanging the essential light chains of papain S1 with bacterially expressed longer isoform (MLC1F) of this light chain. We then compared the enzymatic and structural properties of chymotryptic ...
Timson David J - - 2003
It has long been known that the essential light chain isoform of striated muscle affects the function of the myosin motor. There are two isoforms: A1-type and A2-type that differ by the presence of an extra 40 amino acids at the N-terminus of A1-type light chains. Evidence has accumulated from ...
Dewulf Y - - 2003
A fully self-consistent treatment of short-range correlations in nuclear matter is presented. Different implementations of the determination of the nucleon spectral functions for different interactions are shown to be consistent with each other. The resulting saturation densities are closer to the empirical result when compared with (continuous choice) Brueckner-Hartree-Fock values. ...
Borejdo J - - 2003
Muscle contraction results from rotation of actin-bound myosin crossbridges. Crossbridges consist of the globular N-terminal catalytic domain and the alpha-helical C-terminal regulatory domain containing the essential and regulatory light chains. The essential light chain exists in two isoforms, of which the larger one has a 41-amino acid extension piece added ...
Maistrenko V - - 2003
We propose a criterion for the destruction of a two-dimensional torus through the formation of an infinite set of cusp points on the closed invariant curves defining the resonance torus. This mechanism is specific to noninvertible maps. The cusp points arise when the tangent to the torus at the point ...
Bousso Raphael - - 2003
From the covariant bound on the entropy of partial light sheets, we derive a version of Bekenstein's bound: S/M<or=pix/ variant Planck's over 2pi, where S, M, and x are the entropy, total mass, and width of any isolated, weakly gravitating system. Because x can be measured along any spatial direction, ...
Tominaga Motoki - - 2003
High velocity cytoplasmic streaming is found in various plant cells from algae to angiosperms. We characterized mechanical and enzymatic properties of a higher plant myosin purified from tobacco bright yellow-2 cells, responsible for cytoplasmic streaming, having a 175 kDa heavy chain and calmodulin light chains. Sequence analysis shows it to ...
Gu Xin - - 2003
Light chain crystal deposition disease is a rare and poorly characterized entity that can be confused with a number of different conditions, depending on where the disease process is manifested. The present study explored the role of ultrastructural immunogold labeling in the diagnosis of this condition. Seven cases of light ...
Ngom A - - 2003
We introduce the concept of multilinear partition of a point set V/spl sub/R/sup n/ and the concept of multilinear separability of a function f:Vtwo head right arrowK={0,...,k-1}. Based on well-known relationships between linear partitions and minimal pairs, we derive formulae for the number of multilinear partitions of a point set ...
Pattee Harold E - - 2002
The high-oleic trait of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) has been suggested to have a positive impact on the roasted peanut sensory attribute. A series of lines derived by backcrossing the high-oleic trait into several existing cultivars were compared with their parent cultivars at locations in Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, and ...
Serio G - - 2002
Histological diagnosis of laryngeal dysplasia is quite subjective. Since morphometry is highly reproducible, this method was applied to compare shape and size variations of the basal nuclei of the laryngeal epithelium in normal, laryngeal intraepithelium neoplasia (LIN) and invasive carcinoma to assess the reliability of light microscopic criteria used in ...
Alemany Lawrence B - - 2002
Two simple experiments measuring the 13C linewidths nu(1/2) and spin-lattice relaxation times T(1) of each of the signals in the spectrum of trilinolein indicate that the nu(1/2) and T(1) values are consistent with the different degrees of motional freedom expected for the various 13C nuclei. However, for each chain, the ...
Palacios Isabel M - - 2002
Microtubules and the Kinesin heavy chain, the force-generating component of the plus end-directed microtubule motor Kinesin I are required for the localisation of oskar mRNA to the posterior pole of the Drosophila oocyte, an essential step in the determination of the anteroposterior axis. We show that the Kinesin heavy chain ...
Wright Thomas A - - 2002
This meta-analysis investigated the correlation between attitudinal commitment and job performance for 3,630 employees obtained from 27 independent studies across various levels of employee tenure. Controlling for employee age and other nuisance variables, the authors found that tenure had a very strong nonlinear moderating effect on the commitment-performance correlation, with ...
Meyer Bradley S - - 2002
Matter expanding sufficiently rapidly and at high enough entropy per nucleon can enter a heavy-element synthesis regime heretofore unexplored. In this extreme regime, more similar to nucleosynthesis in the early universe than to that typical in stellar explosive environments, there is a persistent disequilibrium between free nucleons and abundant alpha ...
Cheung Kingman - - 2002
The scenario of light gluinos and light sbottoms was advocated to explain the discrepancy between the measured and theoretical production of b quarks at the Tevatron. This scenario will have model-independent predictions for Z-->qqgg at the Z0 pole, and e(+)e(-)-->qqgg at LEPII. We show that the data for Z-->qqg*-->qqbb; at ...
Garland Peter B - - 2002
Fabrication of high density oligonucleotide arrays using metal on glass photolithographic masks is inflexible and expensive. Maskless methods using computer-controlled projection have been proposed and implemented, but associated stray light effects on photodirected oligonucleotide synthesis and their analysis have not been reported. We have developed a theoretical approach: it predicts ...
Naundorf Björn - - 2002
Detection and location of moving prey utilizing electrosense or mechanosense is a strategy commonly followed by animals which cannot rely on visual sense or hearing. In this paper we consider the possibility to detect the source of a localized stimulus that travels along a chain of detectors at constant speed. ...
Leslie Graham - - 2002
During the insect phase of the parasite lifecycle, Leishmania promastigotes move from the midgut to the anterior regions of the alimentary tract of their sandfly vector. Chemotaxis of Leishmania promastigotes towards sugars has been reported, and the putative presence of sugar gradient in the insect foregut has been suggested to ...
Abraham Roshini S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients with multiple myeloma often have Bence Jones proteins composed of free monoclonal light chains of the kappa or lambda type in their urine. Usually, these light chains exist as monomeric or dimeric forms, but rarely, larger molecules, such as tetramers, have been reported in the serum. METHODS AND ...
Della Valle Alejandro González - - 2002
We evaluated the reproducibility of the Brooker classification for heterotopic ossification (HO) and, based on the results and weaknesses observed, proposed a simplified system with addition of objective criteria. Six observers classified radiographs of 169 total hip arthroplasties, using the Brooker classification and a modified system consisting of i) absence ...
Hartvig Nóra - - 2002
The domain movement in myosin head plays a decisive role in the energy transduction process of the muscle contraction. During hydrolysis of ATP, the specific formation of strong binding of myosin head for actin causes conformational changes. As a consequence, the light chain-binding motif generates the powerstroke. In our work ...
Cho Gi-Chol - - 2002
We address the compatibility of a light sbottom (mass approximately 2-5.5 GeV) and a light gluino (mass approximately 12-16 GeV) with electroweak precision measurements. Such light particles have been suggested to explain the observed excess in the b quark production cross section at the Tevatron. The electroweak observables may be ...
Russell T P - - 2002
Synthetic polymers offer a wealth of opportunities to design responsive materials triggered by external stimuli. Changing the length, chemical composition, architecture, and topology of the chains allows response mechanisms and rates to be easily manipulated; and devices based on the entropy of the chains, surface energies, and specific segmental interactions ...
Plerou Vasiliki - - 2002
We empirically address the question of how stock prices respond to changes in demand. We quantify the relations between price change G over a time interval Deltat and two different measures of demand fluctuations: (a) Phi, defined as the difference between the number of buyer-initiated and seller-initiated trades, and (b) ...
Sgarbossa Antonella - - 2002
Many freely motile microorganisms can perceive and transduce external photic stimuli to the motor apparatus, eventually moving, by means of various behavioural strategies, into environments in which the illumination conditions are the most favourable for their life. In different microorganisms, a wide range of chromophores operate as light detectors, each ...
Borejdo Julian - - 2002
Myosin head consists of a globular catalytic domain and a long alpha-helical regulatory domain. The catalytic domain is responsible for binding to actin and for setting the stage for the main force-generating event, which is a "swing" of the regulatory domain. The proximal end of the regulatory domain contains the ...
King Stephen J - - 2002
Because cytoplasmic dynein plays numerous critical roles in eukaryotic cells, determining the subunit composition and the organization and functions of the subunits within dynein are important goals. This has been difficult partly because of accessory polypeptide heterogeneity of dynein populations. The motor domain containing heavy chains of cytoplasmic dynein are ...
Parlati Francesco - - 2002
Syntaxin-5 (Sed5) is the only syntaxin needed for transport into and across the yeast Golgi, raising the question of how a single syntaxin species could mediate vesicle transport in both the anterograde and the retrograde direction within the stack. Sed5 is known to combine with two light chains (Bos1 and ...
Eriksson L-G - - 2002
Joint European Torus discharges which demonstrate the critical role the safety factor profile, q, can play in the formation of internal transport barriers (ITB) are examined. In these discharges, the target parameters, including the E x B flows, were kept virtually the same, except for the q profile. In a ...
Ibañes M - - 2002
We present the study of discrete breather dynamics in curved polymerlike chains consisting of masses connected via nonlinear springs. The polymer chains are one dimensional but not rectilinear and their motion takes place on a plane. After constructing breathers following numerically accurate procedures, we launch them in the chains and ...
Gordon Jean - - 2002
In aphasic subjects who demonstrate difficulty producing verbs, a double dissociation has been observed between light verbs (e.g., GO) and heavy verbs (e.g., FLY). A simple connectionist model of sentence production, lesioned to simulate agrammatic- and anomic-like deficits, suggests that this dissociation arises from light verbs learning to rely more ...
Redgwell Robert J - - 2002
The degree and nature of polysaccharide degradation at different roasting levels was determined for three Arabica (Coffea arabica) bean varieties. Between 12 and 40% of the bean polysaccharides were degraded depending on the roasting conditions. The thermal stability of the arabinogalactans, (galacto)mannans and cellulose was markedly different. The arabinogalactans and ...
Lai K M - - 2002
The biotransformation and bioconcentration of natural and synthetic steroid estrogens by Chlorella vulgaris were investigated by using batch-shaking experiments with incubation for 48 h in the light or dark. Estradiol and estrone were interconvertible in both light and dark conditions; however, this biotransformation showed a preference for estrone. In the ...
Zhong Zhiqiang - - 2002
A new type of diffractive optical bar code produced by computer-generated holographic technology is proposed. The message in the proposed bar code is hidden in the diffracted light of the bar code element and can be read from the first diffraction order. In contrast to the conventional hidden bar code, ...
Linscheid Ronald L - - 2002
Understanding the mechanics of human dexterity requires an appreciation of the kinetic chains that comprise the hand and the intricate interplay of muscles and ligaments that control its movements. Some of the salient contributions to this field are described from a personal point of view in the hope that this ...
Urry D W - - 2002
Description of the mechanics of elastin requires the understanding of two interlinked but distinct physical processes; the development of entropic elastic force and the occurrence of hydrophobic association. Elementary statistical-mechanical analysis of AFM single-chain force-extension data of elastin model molecules identifies damping of internal chain dynamics on extension as a ...
Ping Ooi Chui - - 2002
The morphological changes in polydioxanone sutures (PDSII), and the resulting changes in properties are explored as a function of in vitro degradation time with the use of small- and wide-angle x-ray scattering, optical microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis, and measurements of tensile properties and mass change. There ...
Wen Xiao-Gang - - 2002
The existence of light [a massless U(1) gauge boson] is one of the unresolved mysteries in nature. We propose that light is originated from certain quantum orders in our vacuum. We construct quantum spin models on lattice to demonstrate that some quantum orders can give rise to light without breaking ...
Hu Bambi - - 2002
In this study, we examine the dynamics of a one-dimensional Frenkel-Kontorova chain consisting of nanosize clusters (the "particles") and photochromic molecules (the "bonds"), also being subjected to a periodic substrate potential. Whether the whole chain should be running or be locked depends on both the frequency and the wavelength of ...
Beer G M GM Division for Hand, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Burn Center, University Hospital Zurich, and Institute of Biostatistics, University of Zurich, Switzerland. - - 2001
The causes of bilateral absence of the nipple-areola complex in men are seldom congenital, but attributable rather to destruction as a result of trauma, or after mastectomy in female-to-male transsexuals and in male breast cancer, or after the correction of extreme bilateral gynecomastia. Such a bilateral loss becomes a major ...
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