Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 643
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Goosey V L - - 2000
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of varying push frequency on pushing economy (oxygen uptake at a given speed). METHODS: Eight male wheelchair racers completed a series of exercise bouts on a wheelchair ergometer (Bromking Turbo Trainer, Bromakin, UK) at 6.58 m x s(-1). Initially, ...
Beuter A - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to quantify with precision the characteristics of normal physiological tremor in the dominant and nondominant hand of a group of right-handed females. Twenty-two right-handed females (aged 20 to 40) gave informed consent to participate. Manual dominance determined with a questionnaire had to be equal ...
Matthews G - - 2000
The expansion and contraction of the lungs and heart result in movement of the chest wall that can be detected and monitored to determine respiration and heart rate. A prototype non-contact Vital Signs Monitor (VSM) has been developed which uses very low power, high frequency Doppler radar to detect these ...
Erimaki S - - 1999
The firing behavior of motor units (MUs) of the first dorsal interrosseus muscle of the hand was examined during both constant-force and varying-force (sinusoidal or broadband random variations) isometric contractions in healthy adults. The emphasis was on the analysis of MU synchrony with an efficient and sensitive method. In static ...
Lehrer P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of "tanden breathing" by Zen practitioners on cardiac variability. Tanden breathing involves slow breathing into the lower abdomen. METHODS: Eleven Zen practitioners, six Rinzai and five Soto, were each studied during 20 minutes of tanden breathing, preceded and followed by 5-minute periods of quiet ...
Carrasco Sosa S - - 1999
The behavior of temporal and spectral parameters of the heart rate variability was determined during 5 different maneuvers in order to characterize the level of sympathetic-vagal activity. The discriminating capacity of two spectral parameter estimation schemes were compared, and the respiratory influence was evaluated. One hundred and ten records of ...
Norman K E - - 1999
Precise kinematic measurements of tremor have historically been obtained using accelerometers. However, current technology permits precise measurements in velocity and displacement. The primary advantage of velocity recording is that only one step of integration or differentiation is required for either displacement or acceleration. A method is presented of measuring finger ...
Galletly D - - 1999
During spontaneous breathing general anaesthesia, inspiration is generally started by a signal related to preceding cardiovascular activity. This phenomenon, 'cardioventilatory coupling', contributes to the variation in ventilatory frequency. However, the detailed, breath-to-breath timing relationship between heart beat and inspiratory onset is complex, with at least four distinct patterns (designated patterns ...
De Rotte A A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Insufficient information exists about the safety of patients with accelerometer-based rate-responsive pacemakers in air transport by general aviation aircraft. METHODS: The response in pacing rate of two types of accelerometer-based rate-responsive pacemakers with data logging capabilities was studied during test flights with single engine fixed wing aircraft. Results were ...
Beuter A - - 1999
The manner in which characteristics of time series in the frequency domain can enhance discrimination between physiologic and parkinsonian tremor when tremor amplitude is low was examined. Rest tremor and postural tremor with and without visual feedback were recorded twice in the two hands of a group of patients with ...
Topka H - - 1999
Trains of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) at 10-30 Hz and intensities of 90-120% motor threshold were delivered through a figure of eight coil over the motor cortex while normal subjects made either rapid, self-terminated (ballistic) wrist movements or maintained the position of their wrist at a fixed angle. Movement ...
Arihara M - - 1999
A mathematical model for a physiological tremor of a finger, hereafter referred to as tremor, has been developed in order to evaluate the variation of amplitudes and frequencies at two peaks obtained in the power spectrum of the tremor under two conditions: (a) four loads of weight, 50, 100, 150, ...
Nakahara T - - 1999
Recently, studies in our laboratory involving the use of a Gaussian white noise technique demonstrated that the transfer function from sympathetic stimulation frequency to heart rate (HR) response showed dynamic characteristics of a second-order low-pass filter. However, determinants for the characteristics remain to be established. We examined the effect of ...
Ruiz G - - 1999
We record ECGs from healthy human subjects during 24-h long intervals, using ambulatory equipment. We calculate from the data various parameters, searching for those that change in a clear and systematic way under a homeopathic stimulus, (Strophantus hispidus 30c). The energy fraction at high frequencies in the power spectrum of ...
Malliani Alberto - - 1999
In most physiological conditions, sympathetic and vagal activities modulating heart period undergo a reciprocal regulation, leading to the concept of sympathovagal balance. This pattern can be indirectly quantified by computing the spectral powers of the oscillatory components corresponding to respiratory acts (high frequency) and to vasomotor waves (low frequency) present ...
Emori T - - 1999
To investigate the direct respiration-mediated vagal modulation of the QT interval variability, spectral analyses of the RTp interval (from the R wave peak to the T wave peak) variability (RTpV) and the RR interval variability (RRV) were performed in 12 subjects with normal ventricular repolarization under three conditions while the ...
Cooke W H - - 1999
1. We examined interactions between haemodynamic and autonomic neural oscillations during passive upright tilt, to gain better insight into human autonomic regulatory mechanisms. 2. We recorded the electrocardiogram, finger photoplethysmographic arterial pressure, respiration and peroneal nerve muscle sympathetic activity in nine healthy young adults. Subjects breathed in time with a ...
Arihara M - - 1999
The contribution of motor unit activity to a physiological tremor (hereafter called as tremor) in a middle finger is studied by both a power spectrum and a correlation analysis in which the correlation coefficient and the coherence spectrum are obtained when five kinds of loads, 0, 50, 100, 150, and ...
Min M - - 1999
Periodic variations of the thoracic bioimpedance due to breathing and heartbeating carry confidential information that is used for pacing rate control in rate-adaptive pacemakers. The respiratory parameters--the respiration rate and tidal volume--are detected from the filtered breathing signal component (0.1 to 1.0 Hz), and are used for fuzzy feed-forward adaptive ...
Wenderoth N - - 1999
Previous studies have argued that tremors of central versus peripheral origin can be distinguished based on their load dependence: the frequency of peripheral tremor decreases when a weight is added to the tremulous limb, while the frequency of central tremors remains unchanged. The present study scrutinizes the latter statement. We ...
Kuwahara M - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSES: The purpose of the study was to document diurnal variation of autonomic nervous functions by use of power spectral analysis of heart rate (HR) variability. METHODS: To clarify characteristics of power spectral analysis of HR variability, electrocardiogram (ECG), blood pressure (BP), and respiratory (Resp) waveform simultaneously were ...
Hashimoto M - - 1999
We studied the diurnal variations of autonomic nervous function in rats. For this purpose, a long-term electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded from conscious and unrestrained rats using a telemetry system, and the autonomic nervous function was investigated by the power spectral analysis of heart rate variability. No arrhythmias were observed in ...
Beuter A - - 1999
The effect of low level exposure to manganese (Mn) was examined in 297 subjects from southwest Quebec. Blood manganese (MnB) levels as well as other possibly relevant variables were obtained. We tested equipment and analysis procedures that we have developed to quantify aspects of motor function thought to be affected ...
Badilini F - - 1999
A computerised method for the analysis of QT intervals in ambulatory ECG recordings is presented. This approach is based on selective beat averaging which allows one to process P-QRS-T complexes together with the environment that characterises them. Long-term autonomic nervous system influences are accounted for by separating the analysis over ...
Foerster F - - 1999
Clinical tremor analysis mostly is used for the measurement of tremor frequency. The analysis is based on short segments of EMG recordings and on clinical ratings of tremor intensity. Accelerometry appears to have some practical advantages. The present study was concerned with the development of a methodology for assessing tremor ...
Zuzewicz K - - 1999
The objective of the presented studies is to attempt an evaluation of heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) regulatory mechanisms in the presence of autonomous nervous system (ANS) components in transient exposure to high altitude hypoxia. During 24 hrs including a stay in hypobaria, the participants had their ...
Pedersen E M - - 1999
Low and/or oscillating wall shear stresses are related to the development of atherosclerosis and this oscillation is influenced by changes in basic haemodynamics (exercise). The objective of this study was to provide in vivo data on the development of velocity profiles and oscillating blood velocities in the abdominal aorta under ...
Taylor J - - 1998
During labour the condition of the fetus is monitored by a cardiotocograph which displays fetal heart rate and a measure of uterine contractions. Ultrasound and tocodynamometer transducers are placed on the mother's abdomen and connected to a bedside monitor and display unit via a cable. This paper describes a prototype ...
O'Suilleabhain P E - - 1998
Time-frequency analysis methods were applied to surface EMG records of patients with tremor. Variation in tremor frequency over time and between muscles was measured in subjects with Parkinson's disease (n = 20), essential tremor (n = 8) and psychogenic tremor (n = 7). The effect of externally paced voluntary contractions ...
Stücker M - - 1998
The consequences of rhythmical arteriolar vasomotion for nutrition and the tissue oxygen supply to human skin are largely unknown. In the study presented here, the periodic variations of haemoglobin oxygenation in the small cutaneous vessels have been evaluated with a new reflection spectrophotometer. For the assessment of spatial variations, we ...
Malinowski K - - 1998
In recent years a multitude of rate adaptive sensor systems based on different sensor signals have been developed to adapt the pacing rate to the physical load of the patient. In contrast to those systems the closed loop stimulation (CLS) represents a new concept, which regards the pacemaker as part ...
Meyer M - - 1998
Recent studies of nonlinear dynamics of the long-term variability of heart rate have identified nontrivial long-range correlations and scale-invariant power-law characteristics (l/f noise) that were remarkably consistent between individuals and were unrelated to external or environmental stimuli (Meyer et al., 1998a). The present analysis of complex nonstationary heartbeat patterns is ...
Bernardi M - - 1998
1. Frequency-domain spectral analysis of stationary ECG R-R intervals was made by fast Fourier transformation (FFT) in conditions of monitored arterial blood pressure and respiratory activity in diethyl-ether-anaesthetized and pithed adult rats. This technique yields a number of parameters which allow quantitative evaluation of the non-random distribution of the mean ...
Taylor J A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Survival of post-myocardial infarction patients is related inversely to their levels of very-low-frequency (0.003 to 0.03 Hz) RR-interval variability. The physiological basis for such oscillations is unclear. In our study, we used blocking drugs to evaluate potential contributions of sympathetic and vagal mechanisms and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system to very-low-frequency ...
Riviere C N - - 1998
Physiological hand tremor impedes microsurgery. We present both a novel adaptive algorithm for tremor estimation and a new technique for active real-time canceling of physiological tremor. Tremor is modeled online using the weighted-frequency Fourier linear combiner (WFLC). This adaptive algorithm models tremor as a modulating sinusoid, and tracks its frequency, ...
Harel T - - 1998
The SA node response to modulations in canine vagal tone was investigated by means of the heart rate variability power spectrum. A new algorithm that was developed for accurate power spectrum estimation of short R-R segments is described. The performance of the algorithm was assessed for ECG recordings obtained from ...
Timmer J - - 1998
We investigated the relationship between synchronized muscle activity and tremor time series in (enhanced) physiological tremor by cross-spectral analysis. Special attention was directed to the phase spectrum and its potential to clarify the contribution of reflex mechanisms to physiological tremor. The phase spectra are investigated assuming that the electromyogram (EMG) ...
Roach D - - 1998
The purpose of this work was to determine the temporal origins of the standard deviation of successive 5-min mean heart period sequences (SDANN) and the power of the ultralow-frequency (ULF) spectral band (< 0.0033 Hz). We hypothesized that SDANN and ULF might have their origins in changes in human activity ...
Patwardhan A - - 1998
We present a new technique which uses amplitude-modulated breathing patterns to obtain estimates of frequency response between respiration and heart rate within subrespiratory frequencies. Frequency response between respiration and heart rate has been previously estimated using broadband respiration and metronomic breathing. However, the estimates obtained using these techniques show low ...
Bergman H - - 1998
Rhesus and vervet monkeys respond differently to treatment with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine hydrochloride neurotoxin (MPTP). Both species develop akinesia, rigidity, and severe postural instability. However, rhesus monkeys only develop infrequent, short episodes of high-frequency tremor, whereas vervet monkeys have many prolonged episodes of low-frequency tremor. After MPTP treatment, the spiking activity of ...
Junge D - - 1998
Small, quasi-rhythmical tremor of the jaw occurs at rest and during voluntary movements. In peripheral limbs, tremor consists of a component due to mechanical resonance properties of the system, and a neurogenic component mediated by a central pacemaker or neural loops. The present study attempted to determine if these components ...
Baevsky R M - - 1998
The space flight of physician cosmonaut V.V. Polyakov, the longest to date (438 days), has yielded new data about human adaptation to long-term weightlessness. Autonomic regulation of circulation and cardiac contractility were evaluated in three experiments entitled Pulstrans, Night, and Holter. In the Pulstrans experiment electrocardiographic (ECG), ballistocardiographic (BCG), seismocardiographic ...
Jasson S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Spectral analysis of heart rate (HR) variability (HRV) requires, as a rule, some level of stationarity and, as a result, is inadequate to quantify biological transients. A time-/frequency-domain method (TF) was developed to obtain an instant spectral power (SP) of HRV during tilt. METHODS AND RESULTS: HR was recorded ...
Saeki Y - - 1997
This study was designed to determine whether autonomic regulation induced by posture changes varies during the menstrual cycle. Heart rate variability (HRV) was analyzed in women with normal menstrual cycles (n = 10, age range 20-37 years) during 3 min periods of controlled frequency breathing (15 breaths/min) in supine followed ...
Chan H L - - 1997
The Wigner-Ville spectral analysis was utilized to demonstrate a high-resolution time-frequency distribution of heart rate variability below 0.05 Hz. There are different time-frequency characteristics between the normal subject and the patient with severe congestive heart failure. The former consists of multiple and broad-band spectral peaks, while the latter presents unique ...
Miao T - - 1997
This paper describes a theoretical consideration on muscle stretch reflex in physiological tremor (abbreviated as tremor). In making a model, the function of rostro-caudal homonymous motoneurone pool as well as the interaction between spinal cord mechanism and supraspinal system is investigated. The known physiology of the neuromuscular oscillations is used ...
Oosting J - - 1997
The aim of the study was to test whether circadian and ultradian variations of cardiac output (CO) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) differ from those in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). Twenty-four-hour beat-to-beat recordings of CO (by electromagnetic flow probe) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were performed in the absence and ...
van der Woude L H - - 1997
In this experimental study on a prototype lever-propelled wheelchair, the effect of a range of mechanical advantages (MA) on physical strain, oxygen uptake, energy cost, mechanical efficiency, stroke frequency and perceived exertion was examined. Nine out of 10 male nonwheelchair users successfully performed five submaximal tests on a motor-driven treadmill ...
Gallasch E - - 1997
Microgravity was used to study accelerometrically recorded microvibration (MV) and postural tremor (PT) at reduced muscle tone on one cosmonaut before, during, and after an 8-day space flight on the Russian Mir station. MV of the relaxed forearm in the 1 g environment showed the typical 7- to 13-Hz resonance ...
Chen G Y - - 1997
The average person spends about one-third of their time in a recumbent position. However, little is known about the effect of recumbent posture on autonomic nervous activity. Manoeuvres which can increase vagal tone have been sought both in the normal subject and in patients with heart disease. We have studied ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >