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Results 351 - 400 of 643
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Taylor J A - - 2001
Clinicians and experimentalists routinely estimate vagal-cardiac nerve traffic from respiratory sinus arrhythmia. However, evidence suggests that sympathetic mechanisms may also modulate respiratory sinus arrhythmia. Our study examined modulation of respiratory sinus arrhythmia by sympathetic outflow. We measured R-R interval spectral power in 10 volunteers that breathed sequentially at 13 frequencies, ...
Galletly D C - - 2001
We describe a simple model of cardioventilatory coupling in which a hypothetical inspiratory pacemaker is stimulated by a signal related to cardiac action. At suitable values for the control variables (cardiac signal magnitude, heart rate, inspiratory pacemaker rate and inspiratory rate variability), the model was found to: (1) replicate all ...
Hippel C V - - 2001
To test the hypothesis of a sympathovagal balance shift towards an enhanced vagal tone under the condition of a standardized hypnosis, we used the assessment of heart rate variability including spectral analysis in 10 healthy subjects (5 female, 5 male, age ranging from 27 to 42 years). We compared the ...
McAuley J H - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Although Parkinson's disease is typically characterised by bradykinesia, rigidity, and rest tremor, the possibility that two additional motor deficits are manifest during small hand muscle activity was explored-namely, weakness and abnormal physiological tremor. METHODS: A paradigm previously used in normal subjects reliably records the strength, tremor and surface EMG ...
Choi B R - - 2001
The spatial and dynamic properties of ventricular fibrillation (VF) may be random or related to cellular electrical properties of the normal heart. Local activation intervals (AIs) in VF may depend on the local refractory period (RP), and sustained VF may require a steep action potential (AP) restitution curve. In guinea ...
O'Suilleabhain P E - - 2001
An electromagnetic tracking system was used to record arm motion in subjects with Parkinson's disease (n = 23), essential tremor (n = 28) or without neurological disease (n = 4). Tremor magnitude was calculated by averaging the three-dimensional displacement of individual tremor bursts. Tremor magnitude calculated in this manner was ...
Ohnuki K - - 2001
We assessed the sympatho-vagal activities of the heart after administration of capsaicin by measuring the power spectral analysis in rats. There were major two frequency components of heart rate variability, which we defined as high (1.0 Hz <, HF) and low (LF, < 1.0 Hz) frequency components. Vagal blockade by ...
Gulli G - - 2001
The mechanisms leading to vasovagal syncope are still unclear. A simple discriminating test for the identification of syncope-prone subjects is not presently available. Fifty-two subjects had a stepwise orthostatic test with 60 degrees tilt and -20 and -40 mm Hg lower-body negative pressure before the appearance of impending syncope symptoms. ...
Ben-Pazi H - - 2001
Recent evidence points to involvement of central nervous system oscillators in Parkinson's disease (PD) rest tremor. It remains unknown whether one or multiple oscillators cause tremor in multiple limbs. Based on the prediction that multiple oscillators would cause low coherence even with similar average frequency, we studied 22 PD patients ...
Carboncini M C - - 2001
The kinematics characteristics of an upper arm extension of large amplitude (90 degrees) performed in the horizontal plane and the simultaneous activity of the shoulder muscles were recorded in 12 parkinsonian patients and in six normal control subjects. The movement, triggered by an acoustic "go" signal, was preceded by an ...
Otsuka K - - 2001
Geomagnetic variations of partly interplanetary origin, with cyclic signatures in human affairs and pathology include the incidence of various diseases, regarding which this study of healthy subjects attempted to determine an underlying mechanism by worldwide archival and physiological monitoring, notably of heart rate variability (HRV). In the past half-century, the ...
Raethjen J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Postural tremor is a regularly encountered side effect of amitriptyline which can be strong enough to cause discontinuation of therapy. The aim was to characterise amitriptyline induced tremor and to assess if the central or reflex component of physiological tremor was modulated by this drug. METHODS: The postural hand ...
Kalisnik J M - - 2001
Heart rate variability (HRV) and its assessment using power spectral analysis revealed a possibility to quantify the characteristics of autonomic nervous system, related cardiovascular status and sympathovagal interaction. This study was designed to assess vagal tone in supine and right recumbent position in normal healthy subjects as many maneuvers that ...
Bhattacharya J - - 2001
Qualitative assessment of the overall clinical status of the subject and characterization of complex cardiovascular dynamics from digital blood volume pulsations measured noninvasively using a photo-plethysmographic device is addressed. A novel concept is employed to detect the dominant nonsinusoidal periodicity embedded in the data series and to extract the associated ...
Perkel D J - - 2000
Recently, two quite different approaches exemplifying 'bottom-up' and 'top-down' philosophies have shed new light on basal ganglia function. In vitro work using organotypic co-cultures has implicated the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and the external segment of the globus pallidus (GP(e)) as pacemakers for low-frequency bursting that is reminiscent of the activity ...
Pagani M - - 2000
Computer analysis of spontaneous cardiovascular beat-by-beat variability has gained wide credibility as a means of inferring disturbances of autonomic cardiovascular regulation in a variety of cardiovascular conditions, including hypertension, myocardial infarction and heart failure. Recent applications of spectral analysis to muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) offer a new approach to ...
Elble R J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the extent to which tremor frequency changes with time in patients with essential tremor. BACKGROUND: Tremor frequency tends to be lower in older patients. The author's previous study of 18 patients with essential tremor produced evidence that tremor frequency decreases slowly over a period of 4 to ...
Moore G P - - 2000
1. Concurrent resting and postural tremors of patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease were monitored using transducers responding to angular velocity of rotation. Spectra and correlation functions were calculated for each pair of records. 2. When concurrent tremor spectra share indistinguishable fundamental frequencies, have statistically significant peaks in their coherence spectra ...
Anosov O - - 2000
The aim of this study was to analyze the dynamic behavior of the high-frequency component (HF > 0.15 Hz) of heart rate variability (HRV) and the respiratory frequency in relation to the anaerobic threshold (AT). Twenty-two healthy subjects [mean (SD) age: 24 (6) years, height: 175 (10) cm, body mass: ...
Sastre A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Heart rate variability (HRV) is a noninvasive indicator of sympathetic and vagal cardiovascular control known to be tightly correlated with sleep stages. Recent studies indicate that HRV in humans is altered by nocturnal exposure to power-frequency (60 Hz) magnetic fields. Given the central origin of autonomic cardiac control, we ...
Kostis W J - - 2000
The objective of this study was to evaluate the beat-to-beat variability of the QT interval during the day and night. A new algorithm was used to detect the onset of the QRS, the apex of the T wave, and end of the T in ambulatory electrocardiographic recordings. Beat-to-beat variability of ...
Makabe H - - 2000
The purpose of this study is to investigate the disability stages of Parkinson disease (PD) patients by wave analysis of parkinsonian pathological tremor. Physiological tremor and pathological tremor for the index finger are detected by accelerator sensor. The power spectrum is calculated by an auto-regressive model (AR model). The peak ...
Andrews R D - - 2000
Elephant seals breathe episodically at sea and on land and surprisingly long apnoeas occur in both situations. An important difference is that recovery from apnoeic periods is much quicker at sea, which might be due, in part, to differences in the ventilatory response. Respiratory frequencies of juvenile northern elephant seals ...
Vaillancourt D E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The study examined the amplitude and frequency modulation of the 8-12, 20-25, and 40 Hz frequencies of tremor to determine the degree to which increments of load affect the amplitude of these neural rhythms. METHODS: Finger acceleration from the middle phalange and electromyographic (EMG) activity of the extensor digitorum ...
Raethjen J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: It has been well established that peripheral mechanical resonant factors as well as central mechanisms may play a role in the generation of physiological tremor (PT). Furthermore it has been postulated that subject's attributes like age and sex might influence PT. The present study was designed to quantify these ...
Kenyon G P - - 2000
A mathematical method based on computations of residual absolute value sums (RAVS) was developed for the quantitative analysis of tremor-like perturbations of knee angle during the gait cycle. The method was tested on simulation data created by adding sinusoidal tremor of varying frequency and amplitude to the knee-angle graph of ...
Li H - - 2000
Most animals continually assess the environment in which they live and alter their behavior according to various stimuli. As an observer, one looks for changes in a behavior indicating that an animal responded to a particular event. When the animal does not make significant behavioral changes as measured by bodily ...
Smith W M - - 2000
It is commonly assumed that the presence of high frequency components in body surface potentials implies that fractionated activation fronts, caused by heterogeneously viable tissue, are present in the heart. However, it is possible that non-fractionated activation fronts can also give rise to high frequency surface potentials and that the ...
García-González M A - - 2000
This paper shows that variations in breathing patterns broaden heart rate variability (HRV) spectral bands and increase the power amplitude of low-frequency bands. Because of these influences, spectral markers for HRV signals, such as the quotient between spectral power at different frequency bands, should be compared only under controlled breathing ...
Lanska D J - - 2000
Studies of tremor in the 19th century were based initially on simple observation and later on the use of crude graphic recording devices that had been modified from instruments developed for other purposes. Like several European contemporaries, American investigators studying tremor used and adapted various existing instruments, including tambours and ...
Morrison S - - 2000
The relation between limb stiffness and postural tremor in the upper arm was investigated during a pointing task. The task goal was to minimize the amount of motion (tremor) at the index finger under levels of increasing limb stiffness. This study investigated the influence of increasing limb stiffness on the ...
Tabata M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether the circadian rhythm of heart rate variability parameters can be identified in patients with migraine during a headache-free period and to identify any specific pattern of the circadian rhythm of heart rate variability, using time-domain and spectral analysis and cosinor rhythm analysis of heart rate variability ...
Freedson P S - - 2000
Although neither motion sensors nor heart rate are perfect markers of physical activity, they certainly eliminate subjectivity of obtaining physical activity information. The objective method of choice depends on how the measurement will be used. For example, if walking behavior is the desired outcome, then a pedometer may be sufficient. ...
Sakakibara S - - 2000
In order to investigate the effects of 5000 lx evening bright light on autonomic nervous function, a spectral analysis was used to assess heart rate variability in consecutive 5-min epochs just after 60 min of bright light therapy was given to 12 young women (range: 20-21 years of age). The ...
Suzuki T - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The appearance of the sinusoidal heart rate pattern found on fetal cardiotocograms has not been fully explained, either physiologically or clinically. In this study we performed power spectral analysis on the sinusoidal heart rate pattern obtained by administration of arginine vasopressin and atropine sulfate to investigate its frequency components ...
Elsenbruch S - - 2000
This study was done to introduce new parameters derived by time frequency analysis of heart rate variability data. Four simulation experiments were carried out to compare the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) analysis method to the traditional overall spectral analysis method. Sinusoidal signals were generated with identical total power in the ...
Stark R - - 2000
The present study investigated psychophysiological responses to paced respiration of different frequencies. Twenty men and 20 women (mean age: 24.3 years) underwent five breathing conditions (paced with 0.15 Hz, 0.20 Hz, 0.25 Hz, 0.30 Hz, and unpaced), each lasting 5 min. As dependent physiological measures heart period, and different heart ...
Badilini F - - 2000
Different spectral methodologies for heart rate variability were recently shown to provide the same qualitative results in the context of passive tilt test. However, the impact of the method and the use of normalized power units in long-term ECG monitoring is still debated. Autoregressive and Fast Fourier transform (FFT) spectral ...
Aoyagi N - - 2000
A newly developed, very long-term ( approximately 7 days) ambulatory monitoring system for assessing beat-to-beat heart rate variability (HRV) and body movements (BM) was used to study the mechanism(s) responsible for the long-period oscillation in human HRV. Data continuously collected from five healthy subjects were analyzed by 1) standard auto- ...
van Schelven L J - - 2000
25% of the corresponding mean LF/HF ratio. The smallest interobserver variations were found for the 'fixed frequency' method. The data showed that it is advantageous to select the 3-min ECG periods but not to select the frequency regions. Selection of the latter led to an increase in interobserver variation. The ...
Lakie M - - 2000
1. A postural hand tremor of enhanced size was induced in eleven subjects. There was rhythmic activity in the posturally active extensor muscles synchronised to the tremor oscillation, which implied an oscillatory modulation of motor neurones. 2. The subjects executed single rapid wrist flexion movements in response to a flash ...
Jiang J - - 2000
To test the effects of different sources of tremor on the voice, tremor was simulated by external rhythmic perturbation of structures at the subglottal, glottal, and supraglottal levels in 10 healthy subjects. The acoustic and airflow signals simultaneously recorded during sustained phonation in the normal and the 3 simulated tremor ...
Forssberg H - - 2000
In previous studies of fingertip forces during precision grip in subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD), we observed regular oscillations in isometric force. The present study characterizes the nature of these oscillations. Fingertip forces were recorded from the index finger and thumb during precision grip-lifts with a 300 g and 900 ...
Iwao T - - 2000
To examine whether the high-frequency (HF) component of heart rate variability (HRV) reflects fluctuation or tonic level of vagal outflow, we investigated the effects of vagal efferent nerve stimulation (VS) on the heart rate and HRV in anesthetized open-chest rabbit under artificial respiration at a rate of 52 breaths/min (0.86 ...
Young M S - - 2000
In this study, we have developed a combined animal motion activity measurement system that combines an infrared light matrix subsystem with an ultrasonic phase shift subsystem for animal activity measurement. Accordingly, in conjunction with an IBM PC/AT compatible personal computer, the combined system has the advantages of both infrared and ...
MacLeod R S - - 2000
Previous studies have examined the influence of body position, respiration, and habitus on body surface potentials. However, the authors could only estimate the sources of the effects they documented. Among the proposed origin of changes in body surface potentials from those studies were the position of the heart, alterations in ...
Birner P - - 2000
Cardiac autonomic function in patients (n = 63) with primary focal hyperhidrosis and healthy controls (n = 28) was investigated by short-term frequency domain power spectral analysis of heart rate variability. The power of the very-low-frequency band (0.01-0.05 Hz) was significantly lower in patients with axillary hyperhidrosis than in controls. ...
Nagaraj H C - - 2000
Human brainstem auditory evoked responses (BAERs) are sensory evoked potentials that can be recorded within a few milliseconds following a transient acoustic stimulus (click signal). This paper suggests a novel technique to clearly demarcate normals and patients with complaints of vertigo and deafness by computing hitherto unused power spectral parameters ...
Davis B J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To measure the amplitude of physiological tremor in normal subjects using a novel method in an attempt to characterize some of the components of physiological tremor. BACKGROUND: Current methods of measuring tremor are limited in their capability of measuring the contributions of various limb segments to physiologic tremor. DESIGN ...
Jalife J - - 2000
Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is the major immediate cause of sudden cardiac death. Traditionally, VF has been defined as turbulent cardiac electrical activity, which implies a large amount of irregularity in the electrical waves that underlie ventricular excitation. During VF, the heart rate is too high (> 550 excitations/minute) to allow ...
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