Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1150
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Mesfar W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To investigate the role of quadriceps and hamstrings muscle recruitments on knee joint mechanics, measurement studies constrain the tibial anterior-posterior translation at a point away from the joint. This generates a restraining force perpendicular to the tibia thus introducing an artefact shear force that likely alters joint mechanics and ...
Ritter Merrill A - - 2006
The range of motion after a total knee arthroplasty may be the result of design, preoperative range of motion, culture, and psychological concerns. Theoretically, a high flex-type total knee shortens the radius posteriorly at the cost of flexion stability, tibial and patellar stresses, and possible wear. Preoperative range of motion ...
Zhou Huiyu - - 2006
We present an inertial sensor based monitoring system for measuring upper limb movements in real time. The purpose of this study is to develop a motion tracking device that can be integrated within a home-based rehabilitation system for stroke patients. Human upper limbs are represented by a kinematic chain in ...
Li Zong-Ming - - 2007
Thumb opposition plays a vital role in hand function. Kinematically, thumb opposition results from composite movements from multiple joints moving in multiple directions. The purpose of this study was to examine the coordination of thumb joints during opposition tasks. A total of 15 female subjects with asymptomatic hands were studied. ...
van Houtem M - - 2006
In vitro testing of total knee replacements (TKRs) is important both at the design stage and after the production of the final components. It can predict long-term in vivo wear of TKRs. The two philosophies for knee testing are to drive the motion by displacement or to drive the motion ...
Tapper Janet E - - 2006
The ovine stifle joint is a promising model for the investigation of joint mechanobiology in both normal and pathological states. The objectives of this study were to characterize three-dimensional (3D) joint motion in the intact ovine stifle joint during walking, incline walking, and trotting; to determine the range of variability ...
Giacomozzi Claudia - - 2006
There is little knowledge of the functional performance of patients with talocalcaneal coalition because of the marginal quantitative information accessible using current motion-analysis and plantar pressure-measurement techniques. A novel system was developed for comprehensively measuring foot-floor interaction during the stance phase of gait that integrates instrumentation for simultaneously measuring bony ...
Meyer Dominik C DC Orthopedics, Uniklinik Bagrist, Forchstr. 340, Zürich, 8008, Switzerland. - - 2006
Clinical measurement of passive dorsiflexion of the ankle joint is essential for the diagnosis of various pathologic conditions of the foot and ankle but is of unreliable precision with high interobserver variability in nonweightbearing tests. This work was designed to develop and test a precise, standardized, and reliable technique for ...
Croce R V - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of movement velocity (100 degrees, 200 degrees , 300 degrees s(-1), and 400 degrees s(-1)) and joint position (0 degrees - 15 degrees [L0], 25 degrees - 40 degees [L25], 55 degrees - 70 degrees [L55], and 75 degrees - ...
Moritomo Hisao - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The human carpus is a complex joint system. Many problems that arise in the wrist are the result of an alteration of intercarpal motion. Although the midcarpal joint is a major component of the wrist joint, the global kinematics of the midcarpal joint have not been described. The purpose ...
Lewis Gregory S - - 2007
The location of the subtalar joint axis is an important determinant of the mechanical function of the foot. The moments of muscle forces and of the ground reaction force about the subtalar joint are dependent upon the location of this joint axis. There is substantial variation in subtalar axis location ...
O'Meara Damien M - - 2006
This study investigated the effects of unilateral grab rail assistance during the sit-to-stand transfer to develop an understanding of lower limb joint mechanics and whole body movement patterns. External reaction forces at the grab rail and floor interfaces were also investigated to understand the nature of the assistance provided by ...
Mero Antti - - 2006
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of muscle-tendon length on joint moment and power during maximal sprint starts. Nine male sprinters performed maximal sprint starts from the blocks that were adjusted either to 40 degrees or 65 degrees to the horizontal. Ground reaction forces were recorded ...
Lavoie Frédéric - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The literature on the 3D kinematics of the knee suggests that the gesture accomplished during kinematic assessment might play a significant role in the values measured. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that a standardized gesture leads to an increased reproducibility in 3D kinematic measurements of the ...
Schache Anthony G - - 2007
When comparing previous studies that have measured the three-dimensional moments acting about the lower limb joints (either external moments or opposing internal joint moments) during able-bodied adult gait, significant variation is apparent in the profiles of the reported transverse plane moments. This variation cannot be explained on the basis of ...
Sulzer James S JS Dept. of Mech. Eng., Northwestern Univ., Evanston, - - 2006
Recent work in human-robot interaction has revealed the need for compliant, human-friendly devices. One such device, known as the MARIONET, is a cable-driven single joint actuator with the intended applications of physical rehabilitation and assistive devices. In this work, the stability of the nonlinear system is determined in regards to ...
Kitaoka Harold B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects on gait of custom-made polypropylene orthoses: ankle-foot orthosis (AFO), rigid hindfoot orthosis (HFO-R), and articulated hindfoot orthosis (HFO-A). DESIGN: Experimental assessment. SETTING: Institutional practice, motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty asymptomatic normative subjects. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Three-dimensional kinematics, ground reaction force, and time-related ...
Huddleston James - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There is currently a paucity of devices available for continuous, long-term monitoring of human joint motion. Non-invasive, inexpensive devices capable of recording human activity and joint motion have many applications for medical research. Such a device could be used to quantify range of motion outside the gait laboratory. The ...
Michaud Thomas C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the effect of two distinct foot orthotic designs on in vivo multisegment foot and leg motion; in particular, the first metatarsal and first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint during gait. METHODS: A 23-year-old man had an excessively pronated foot structure as measured during a clinical orthopedic examination. The Optotrak ...
Balakrishnan Aruna D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of keyswitch orientation on joint torques. BACKGROUND: The fingertip produces primarily vertical forces during single-finger tapping on a computer keyswitch. However, horizontal force components within the sagittal plane of the finger could reduce net joint torques. METHOD: Eleven participants tapped on a keyswitch oriented in ...
Valle Maria S - - 2006
The pendulum test of Wartenberg is a technique commonly used to measure passive knee motion with the aim to assess spasticity. We used this test to evaluate changes of the knee angular displacement, passive stiffness and viscosity in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Stiffness and viscosity represent passive resistances to joint motion ...
Gordon Karen D - - 2006
The development of a novel instrumented implant for ulnar head replacement is presented in this study. This implant was instrumented with strain gauges to quantify bending moments about the anatomic axes of the distal ulna, and subsequently the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) reaction force magnitude. The implant was surgically inserted ...
Menadue Collette - - 2006
Active inversion and eversion ankle range of motion (ROM) is widely used to evaluate treatment effect, however the error associated with the available measurement protocols is unknown. This study aimed to establish the reliability of goniometry as used in clinical practice. 30 subjects (60 ankles) with a wide variety of ...
Bejek Zoltán - - 2006
It is difficult to identify objective parameters for assessing the joint function when evaluating the outcome of orthopaedic procedures, especially endoprosthetic replacement. Spatial and temporal parameters of gait have clinical relevance in the assessment of motor pathologies, particularly in orthopaedics. However, the influence of gait speed on these biomechanical parameters ...
Schneider Axel - - 2005
Starting from studies which revealed that positive feedback is found in the control system for walking in arthropods, we have constructed a new positive feedback driven joint that can be used for solving compliant motion tasks. We propose two different joint constructions each of which shows passive compliance. Based on ...
Tochigi Yuki Y Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Iowa, 2181 Westlawn, Iowa City, IA 52242-1100, USA. - - 2005
Development of reconstructive operative procedures to restore normal ankle kinematics after injury requires an understanding of the biomechanics of the ankle during gait. The contribution of the peri-ankle ligaments to ankle motion control is not yet well understood. Knowledge of the tensile engagement of the peri-ankle ligaments during stance phase ...
Blackwood C Brian CB Department of Veterans Affairs RRD Center of Excellence for Limb Loss Prevention and Prosthetic Engineering, VA Puget Sound Healthcare System, Seattle, WA 98108, - - 2005
The midtarsal joint, consisting of the talo-navicular and the calcaneocuboid joints, is presumed to be responsible for the foot being both flexible and rigid during different parts of the stance phase of gait. However, this mechanism has never been well quantified. This study explores the midtarsal joint locking mechanism by ...
Selles Ruud W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of repeated feedback-controlled and programmed "intelligent" stretching of the ankle plantar- and dorsiflexors to treat subjects with ankle spasticity and/or contracture in stroke. DESIGN: Noncontrolled trial. SETTING: Institutional research center. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects with spasticity and/or contracture after stroke. INTERVENTIONS: Stretching of the plantar- and dorsiflexors ...
Pohl Michael B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Motion at the midfoot joints can contribute significantly to overall foot motion during gait. However, there is little information regarding the kinematic coupling relationship at the midfoot. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether the coupling relationship at the midfoot and subtalar joints was affected when ...
Tillman Mark D - - 2005
During ballistic locomotion and landing activities, the lower extremity joints must function synchronously to dissipate the impact. The coupling of subtalar motion to tibial and knee rotation has been hypothesized to depend on the dynamic requirements of the task. This study was undertaken to look for differences in the coupling ...
Van Gheluwe Bart - - 2005
The mechanical effects of genu valgum and varum deformities on the subtalar joint were investigated. First, a theoretical model of the forces within the foot and lower extremity during relaxed bipedal stance was developed predicting the rotational effect on the subtalar joint due to genu valgum and varum deformities. Second, ...
Martin RobRoy L - - 2005
This article reviews the existing range-of-motion measurement literature related to ankle dorsiflexion and plantarflexion to determine whether the reliability of ankle range-of-motion measurements can be defined, how the characteristics of the study population or clinician affect reliability, and the level of responsiveness for these measures. A MEDLINE search was performed ...
Breteler Mary D Klein MD Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9104, 6500 HE, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. - - 2006
In the present paper we introduce a movement planning model that is capable of predicting object manipulation movements in three dimensions. A basic assumption of this model is that the joint kinematics of the movement are optimized, which implies that joint rotations are synchronous. Synchronous joint rotations can be considered ...
Morey-Klapsing Gaspar G German Sport University Cologne, Institute for Biomechanics and Orthopaedics, Car-Diem-Weg 6, Cologne 50933, Germany. - - 2005
The results found in the literature regarding functional ankle joint stabilization are controversial possibly because of the testing methods used. The responses of 22 subjects to unexpected and expected sudden inversions of the foot were compared for all subjects together, as well as grouped by their self-perceived stability. A three-dimensional ...
Saling Lauren L - - 2005
A power law describes the relationship between the geometric properties of a trajectory (radius of curvature) and movement kinematics (tangential velocity) in curved drawing movements. Although the power law is a general law of motion, there are conditions under which it degrades. In particular, the power law may be less ...
Darcy Shon P - - 2006
In situ force in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has been quantified both in vitro in response to relatively simple loads by means of robotic technology, as well as in vivo in response to more complex loads by means of force transducers and computational models. However, a methodology has been ...
Colborne G Robert - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To quantify angular excursions; net joint moments; and powers across the stifle, tarsal, and metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints in Labrador Retrievers and Greyhounds and investigate differences in joint mechanics between these 2 breeds of dogs. ANIMALS: 12 clinically normal dogs (6 Greyhounds and 6 Labrador Retrievers) with no history of ...
Yoon Hyun-Joong - - 2006
The purpose of this study is to introduce a new technique for recording the kinematics of the temporomandibular joint and incisors, using an electromagnetic tracking device and custom dental appliance. Five normal subjects took part in this kinematic study (4 females, 1 male, mean age of 34.8 years). Subjects' mandibular ...
Halaki Mark - - 2006
This study quantified the systematic effects on wrist joint mechanics of changes in amplitude of displacement ranging from within the region of short-range stiffness (0.2% of resting muscle length) up to 3% of resting muscle length. The joint mechanics were modelled using a second-order system from which estimates of joint ...
Khazzam Michael - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the kinematic changes that occur about the foot and ankle during gait in patients with degenerative joint disease (DJD). By comparing a normal adult population with what was found in the DJD population we determined how the motion of theses groups differed, ...
Siegel Karen Lohmann - - 2006
The purpose of this case series was to quantify the effectiveness of different compensatory strategies used by individuals with muscle weakness to produce knee extension during the stance phase gait. Subjects were three males with less than anti-gravity strength in the quadriceps femoris and a variable pattern of weakness elsewhere ...
Jones Carroll P - - 2005
Surgical correction of hallux valgus deformities often results in decreased first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) range of motion. Loss of motion has been shown to affect patient satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immediate change in MTPJ range of motion that occurs after a distal soft-tissue reconstruction ...
Rivest Louis-Paul - - 2005
This paper derives a simple mathematical model relating changes in the orientations of the two Cartesian coordinate systems involved in recording knee movement and the varus-valgus and the internal-external rotation angles for describing the knee's motion. Rotation matrices are given for changing the orientations of the two Cartesian coordinate systems ...
Lewek Michael D - - 2006
Individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA) experience pain, frontal plane joint laxity and instability. Co-contraction can control laxity and instability but may place constraints on the variability of the knee's motion during gait. Slight variation among gait cycles is normal, but reduced variability of joint motions could be detrimental. The purpose ...
Lyon Roger - - 2005
Fourteen patients, at a mean age of 9.1 years (range 4.1-16.6 years), who had spastic diplegic cerebral palsy were evaluated before and after tendo Achilles lengthening (TAL). Follow-up (by gait analysis) after TAL ranged from 8 to 30 months. A Vicon motion analysis system with six CCD cameras and two ...
Mesfar W - - 2005
Bioemchanics of the entire knee joint including tibiofemoral and patellofemoral joints were investigated at different flexion angles (0 degrees to 90 degrees ) and quadriceps forces (3, 137, and 411 N). In particular, the effect of changes in location and magnitude of restraining force that counterbalances the isometric extensor moment ...
Halstead Jill - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that the function of the first metatarsophalangeal joint may be related to the motion of the ankle joint complex. OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relationship between ankle joint complex and first metatarsophalangeal joint motion during gait in a group of 14 who demonstrated clinically limited ...
Morey-Klapsing Gaspar - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Joint stabilisation processes have been mainly studied comparing groups or joints with different stabilities and mainly focusing on one single parameter. The inherent limitations are discussed and a study, where kinematic, kinetic and electromyografic parameters gained from sudden tilt tests were measured, is presented. METHODS: The response of 24 ...
Minns R J - - 2005
Gait analysis has been used as an investigative tool for locomotion disorders since the early 20th century when it was done using time-lapsed photography. Since the advent of video and advances in strain gauge technology and fast data-handling devices coupled with computers, many of the movements and forces acting on ...
Su F-C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: An experiment has recently been conducted to evaluate and compare the differences in tendon excursions between the flexor digitorum profundus and superficialis using three mobilization techniques. No previous studies deal with the total joint excursions with constant tendon length. The purpose of this study was to investigate the coordinated ...
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