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Connolly K D - - 2009
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a disorder of the patellofemoral (PF) joint in which abnormal tracking is often cited as a factor in pain development. PF tracking is partially dependent on passive stabilizers (ex: PF geometry). Relations amongst PFPS, PF tracking, and contact mechanics are poorly understood. In-vivo investigation of ...
Sancisi N - - 2009
In prosthetics and orthotics design, it is sometimes necessary to approximate the multiaxial motion of several human joints to a simple rotation about a single fixed axis. A new technique for the calculation of this axis is proposed, originally based on Burmester's theory. This was compared with traditional approaches based ...
Imai Kan K Department of Orthopaedics, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2009
Knowledge of normal bone motion of the foot is important for understanding the gait as well as for various pathologies; however, the pattern of 3D motion is not completely understood. The aim of this study was to quantify the in vivo motion of the tibiotalar joint, talocalcaneal joint, and talonavicular ...
Belvedere Claudio - - 2009
Patellar maltracking may result in many patellofemoral joint (PFJ) disorders in the natural and replaced knee. The literature providing quantitative reference for normal PFJ kinematics according to which patellar maltracking could be identified is still limited. The aim of this study was to measure in vitro accurately all six-degrees-of-freedom of ...
Benjaminse Anne - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to establish the intrasession and intersession reliability and precision of threshold to detect passive motion (TTDPM), force sense (FS), and active joint position sense (JPS) tests for the hip in healthy individuals. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected ...
Lindinger Stefan Josef - - 2009
Diagonal skiing as a major classical technique has hardly been investigated over the last two decades, although technique and racing velocities have developed substantially. The aims of the present study were to 1) analyse pole and leg kinetics and kinematics during submaximal uphill diagonal roller skiing and 2) identify biomechanical ...
Vezin P - - 2009
Tests were conducted on four rib cages to characterize their 3D deformation and the kinematics of the costovertebral joints. The influence of the structural properties, i.e. geometry and initial rib slopes, and of the costo-vertebral joints on the deformation capacity of the rib cage during a dynamic loading was studied. ...
Jenkins Walter L - - 2009
The use of foot orthoses has been evaluated during a variety of functional activities. Twelve college-aged active females wore two types of foot orthoses and performed a vertical jump to determine the biomechanical effect of the orthoses on lower extremity transverse plane movement during landing. Data collection included three-dimensional analysis ...
Webster Kate E - - 2010
Activities that involve a change in direction apply a high rotational load to the knee joint. Biomechanical analysis of such activities may be useful for determining mechanisms that underlie knee injury and the success of ligament reconstruction surgery. However, the reliability of the measurement of tibial rotation remains unclear. The ...
Hobara Hiroaki - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to determine how humans adjust leg stiffness over a range of hopping frequencies. Ten male subjects performed in place hopping on two legs, at three frequencies (1.5, 2.2, and 3.0Hz). Leg stiffness, joint stiffness and touchdown joint angles were calculated from kinetic and/or ...
Fujii Misaki - - 2010
Limitation of ankle motion is in many cases treated by joint mobilization (JM), a kind of manual physical therapy technique. Until now, the JM approach has mainly focused on the talocrural joint, with less attention to the distal tibiofibular joint. We applied cyclic loading to the lateral malleolus as in ...
Kurz Max J - - 2010
The aim of the investigation was to explore the influence of levodopa therapy on the regularity of the structural variations present in the lower extremity joints of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). Ten participants with PD walked on a treadmill during the states of "off" and "on" levodopa. Approximate entropy ...
Windisch Gunther - - 2010
Postoperative long-term treatment problems of male-to-female transsexuals can be caused by the underestimated mobility of the cricothyroid joint. One hundred cadaveric larynges were analysed to reveal the morphological and functional anatomy of the CTJ focusing on possible horizontal and vertical gliding movements. Furthermore, the distance of the cricothyroid space for ...
Whyte Enda F - - 2010
Increased patellofemoral joint (PFJ) stress has been implicated in the development of PFJ pathologies. Previous studies have identified a relationship between reduced hamstring length and patellofemoral pain syndrome. Hamstring stretching is also recommended in the management thereof. However, the relationship between reduced hamstring length and PFJ stress has not been ...
Williams Gregory M GM Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2010
With continued development and improvement of tissue engineering therapies for small articular lesions, increased attention is being focused on the challenge of engineering partial or whole synovial joints. Joint-scale constructs could have applications in the treatment of large areas of articular damage or in biological arthroplasty of severely degenerate joints. ...
Ngai V - - 2009
Differences between wear-scar features of simulator-tested and retrieved tibial total knee replacement (TKR) liners have been reported. This disagreement may result from differences between in-vivo kinematic profiles and those defined by the standard. The purpose of this study was to determine the knee kinematics of a TKR subject group during ...
Rogozinski Benjamin M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The floor-reaction ankle-foot orthosis is commonly prescribed for children with cerebral palsy who walk with excessive ankle dorsiflexion and excessive knee flexion during the stance phase of gait. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of this orthosis objectively and to identify clinical parameters that may ...
Wyon Matthew - - 2009
Most stretching techniques are designed to place a "stress" on the musculoskeletal unit that will increase its resting length and range of motion (ROM). Twenty-four adolescent dancers participated in a 6-week intervention program that compared low-intensity stretching (Microstretching) with moderate-intensity static stretching on active and passive ranges of motion. Microstretching ...
Tylkowski Chester M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The goal of the gastrocnemius-soleus complex (GSC) lengthenings in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is to achieve a plantigrade foot and normalize kinematics during gait. The study purpose was to evaluate the results of GSC lengthening for isolated equinus contracture in individuals with CP. It was hypothesized that GSC ...
Gil-Agudo A - - 2010
Prospective study using biomechanics patient data. To analyze shoulder joint kinetics while propelling a wheelchair placed on a treadmill and compare shoulder joint net forces and moments when changing the speed of wheelchair propulsion on the treadmill. National Hospital for Spinal Cord Injury, Toledo, Spain. Sixteen subjects with thoracic spinal ...
G?nther Michael - - 2009
According to the state of the art model (single inverted pendulum) the regulation of quiet human stance seems to be dominated by ankle joint actions. Recent findings substantiated both in-phase and anti-phase fluctuations of ankle and hip joint kinematics can be identified in quiet human stance. Thus, we explored in ...
Jensen L K - - 2010
The objective of this study was to quantify the proportion of kneeling work activities among floor layers and to assess external knee joint forces in five different kneeling work positions. Thirty-three floor layers were videotaped discontinuously and four floor layers were videotaped continuously for a whole working day. External knee ...
Schmitt Syn - - 2009
The etiology of ankle sprain injury is still under debate. Therefore, diagnoses of ankle inversion experiments play an important role. Recent studies stress the importance of exact time measurements due to the short inversion period of around 70ms. This paper presents a novel approach using the vertical ground reaction force ...
Foumani M - - 2009
An in-vivo approach to the measurement of three-dimensional motion patterns of carpal bones in the wrist may have future diagnostic applications, particularly for ligament injuries of the wrist. Static methods to measure carpal kinematics in-vivo only provide an approximation of the true kinematics of the carpal bones. This study is ...
Boyer Katherine A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A suggested link between ambulatory mechanics and injury development has resulted in significant interest the development of footwear to change locomotion patterns. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that there will be significant changes in the kinematics and kinetics at the ankle and minimal changes ...
Victor Jan - - 2010
Patterns of motion in the native knee show substantial variability. Guided motion prosthetic designs offer stability but may limit natural variability. To assess these limits, we therefore determined the in vivo kinematic patterns for patients having a cruciate-substituting TKA of one design and determined the intersurgeon variability associated with a ...
Fujiwara Shin-Ichi - - 2009
Reconstruction of limb posture is a challenging task in assessing functional morphology and biomechanics of extinct tetrapods, mainly because of the wide range of motions possible at each limb joint and because of our poor knowledge of the relationship between posture and musculoskeletal structure, even in the extant taxa. This ...
Spratford Wayne - - 2009
This study biomechanically quantified the movement patterns for six elite goalkeepers making diving saves to their preferred and non-preferred side at three different dive heights. Synchronised three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic biomechanical data analysis found diving direction to significantly (P < 0.05) influence the movement patterns of the diving save. The ...
Arimitsu Sayuri - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Partial arthrodesis of the wrist, such as radiolunate and radioscapholunate arthrodesis, is intuitively more appealing for the treatment of the rheumatoid wrist than total arthrodesis is because it preserves some motion. However, wrist kinematics after partial arthrodesis are incompletely understood. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate ...
Minnoye Sander L M - - 2009
Snowboarding with a below-knee prosthesis is compromised by the limited rotation capabilities of the existing below-knee prostheses, which are designed for use in normal walking. Based on snowboarding range of motion analyses, a novel below-knee prosthesis was designed with the aim to achieve similar range of motions like able-bodied snowboarders. ...
Yeow C H - - 2010
Single-leg and double-leg landing techniques are common athletic maneuvers typically performed from various landing heights during intensive sports activities. However, it is still unclear how the knee joint responds in terms of kinematics and energetics to the combined effects of different landing heights and techniques. We hypothesized that the knee ...
Goubier J-N - - 2009
PURPOSE: The range-of-motion of the trapeziometacarpal joint is difficult to assess clinically. The purpose of our study was to constitute a range-of-motion database from normal active trapeziometacarpal joints. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred hands from 101 healthy subjects (50 female and 51 male) with a mean age of 23.1 years ...
Favre J - - 2009
Measurement of three-dimensional (3D) knee joint angle outside a laboratory is of benefit in clinical examination and therapeutic treatment comparison. Although several motion capture devices exist, there is a need for an ambulatory system that could be used in routine practice. Up-to-date, inertial measurement units (IMUs) have proven to be ...
Rubinstein Richard A RA - - 2010
This study investigates a cohort of patients who required a manipulation after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to determine whether there was an association between pre-TKA and post-manipulation range of motion (ROM). Thirty-seven of 800 TKAs were manipulated (4.6% incidence); complete data were available for 36 knees. The pre-TKA stiff group ...
Ngai Valentina - - 2009
Differences between wear-scar features of simulator-tested and retrieved tibial total knee replacement (TKR) liners have been reported. This disagreement may result from differences between in vivo kinematic profiles and those defined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The purpose of this study was to determine the knee kinematics of ...
Higgs Fiona - - 2009
Flexibility is widely accepted as an important component of fitness, yet flexibility training can be detrimental to muscle performance particularly where a high number of stretch cycles are performed. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether chronic proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretch training could successfully improve the knee ...
Escamilla Rafael F - - 2009
We propose that learning proper hitting kinematics should be encouraged at a young age during youth baseball because this may help reinforce proper hitting kinematics as a player progresses to higher levels of baseball in their adult years. To enhance our understanding between youth and adult baseball hitting, kinematic and ...
Yildirim Gokce - - 2009
We constructed a crouching machine to study the motion of the knee joint, in which a motor was used to wind the quadriceps tendon so as to move the knee from high flexion to extension and back into flexion, while springs simulated hamstrings forces. Seven human cadaveric knees were tested ...
Miletello Wendy M - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to measure and analyze kinematic differences between competitive collegiate (CLG, n = 9) powerlifters, competitive high school (HS, n = 9) powerlifters, and novice (NV, n = 11) powerlifters during a maximal squat to determine the effect of skill level on performance. All powerlifters ...
Gittoes Marianne J R - - 2009
The impact loads experienced in landing may be influenced by the joint kinematic strategy used. This study aimed to enhance the understanding of the sensitivity of impact loading to the timing of joint kinematic strategies in simulated forefoot landings. Coordinate and force data of drop landings were used to initiate, ...
Saber-Sheikh Kambiz - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the suitability of inertial sensors for motion analysis research. Inertial sensors (Xsens Technologies, Netherlands) consisting of 3D gyroscopes, accelerometers and a magnetometer were compared against an electromagnetic motion tracking system (Fastrak, Polhemus, USA) for measuring motions of an artificial hinge joint and ...
Miana A N - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to compare the two main types of marker sets for human body representation based on rigid clusters of markers and skin surface markers for measuring kinematics during walking and running. Velocity, body segment, and joint angle were considered in the comparison of both protocols. ...
Alimusaj Merkur - - 2009
Conventional prosthetic feet cannot adapt to specific conditions such as walking on stairs or ramps. Amputees are therefore forced to compensate their prosthetic deficits by modifying the kinematics and kinetics of their lower limbs. The Proprio-Foot (Ossur) intends to reduce these compensation mechanisms by automatically increasing dorsiflexion during stair ambulation ...
Bain G I - - 2009
This study assessed the effect of excision of the scaphoid and triquetrum on the range of motion of the embalmed cadaver wrist joint after midcarpal stabilisation. The range of motion was measured in 12 cadaver wrists before and after stabilisation of the joints between the lunate, capitate, triquetrum and hamate. ...
Thomas Gethin G - - 2009
It is commonly believed that early motion after joint fixation is advantageous, especially in the upper limb. In the ankle joint this is much less clear. No previous systematic review of the evidence for this could be found in the literature. Nine randomized control trials were identified which met the ...
Chapman Jason - - 2009
Our knowledge of the role of muscle activation on proprioception is incomplete. Previous work has either focused on comparing active and passive motions or manipulated both muscle activation and joint angles simultaneously. We conducted an experiment at the shoulder in which subjects' trunks were tilted backwards to decouple joint angle ...
Jacquier-Bret Julien - - 2009
In the presence of motor redundancy, recent studies have shown that goal equivalent configurations of the body segments might be used by the central nervous system (CNS) instead of stereotypical movement patterns. In particular, some authors have shown that the CNS might choose a subset of joint configurations (termed the ...
Cruz Theresa Hayes TH Northwestern University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2009
Abnormal within and across-joint synergistic behaviors have been reported in the lower limb post stroke. It is unknown, however, whether these impairments limit adaptive movement strategies in response to imposed kinematic constraints. In this context, the goal of this pilot study was to examine changes to three-dimensional swing phase kinematics ...
Franci R - - 2009
Knowledge on how ligaments and articular surfaces guide passive motion at the human ankle joint complex is fundamental for the design of relevant surgical treatments. The paper presents a possible improvement of this knowledge by a new kinematic model of the tibiotalar articulation. Passive motion, i.e. in virtually unloaded conditions, ...
Gribble P - - 2010
Chronic ankle instability (CAI) has been previously associated with deficits in dynamic stability and proximal joint neuromuscular alterations separately, but it is unclear how the two factors relate. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the contributions of lower extremity kinematics during an assessment of dynamic stability in subjects ...
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