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Tonda Surendar S Department of Chemistry, National Institute of Technology Warangal, Warangal-506004, Telangana, India. - - 2014
In this study, we report a facile polymeric citrate strategy for the synthesis of Cr,La-codoped SrTiO3 nanoparticles. The synthesized samples were well characterized by various analytical techniques. The UV-vis DRS studies reveal that the absorption edge shifts towards the visible light region after doping with Cr, which is highly beneficial ...
Rabot Amélie A Agrocampus-Ouest, Institut de Recherche en Horticulture et Semences (INRA, Agrocampus-Ouest, Université d'Angers), SFR 149 QUASAV, F-49045 Angers, - - 2014
Our previous findings showed that the expression of RhVI1 was tightly correlated with the ability of bud to grow out and was under sugar, gibberellins and light control. Here, we aimed to give an insight into the mechanistic basis of this regulation. In situ hybridization showed that RhVI1 expression was ...
Sentic Milica M Univ. Bordeaux, ISM, UMR 5255, F-33400 Talence, France. Laurent.Bouffier@enscbp.fr - - 2014
An electrochemiluminescent (ECL) swimmer driven by bipolar electrochemistry is reported for enzymatic glucose sensing. The chemo-mechanical motion is induced by localized hydrogen bubble generation. The concomitant oxidation of the luminophore and of the enzymatically-produced NADH leads to ECL emission with a direct glucose-dependent light intensity. We demonstrate herein the local ...
Gómez Victoria V Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, 4500 San Pablo Road South, Jacksonville, FL, 32224, - - 2014
Patients undergoing high-definition white-light colonoscopy by a high adenoma detector may have a lower risk of interval adenoma detection on follow-up colonoscopy and may require less frequent follow-up but may paradoxically be assigned to more frequent surveillance when more adenomas are detected. To evaluate whether high-definition white-light colonoscopy (vs. standard-definition ...
Mazzone P P Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, CTO Hospital, ASL RMC, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPTg) is a component of the locomotor mesencephalic area. In recent years it has been considered a new surgical site for deep brain stimulation (DBS) in movement disorders. Here, using objective kinematic and spatio-temporal gait analysis, we report the impact of low frequency (40Hz) unilateral PPTg ...
Bailey Daniel P DP University of Bedfordshire, Institute for Sport and Physical Activity Research, Department of Sport Science and Physical Activity, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To explore the effects of breaking up prolonged sitting time with standing or light-intensity walking on a range of cardiometabolic risk markers. A randomised three-period, three-treatment acute crossover trial. Ten non-obese adults took part in three trials: (1) uninterrupted sitting; (2) seated with 2-min bouts of standing every 20min; and ...
Honeine Jean-Louis JL Complexité, Innovation et Activité Motrices et Sportive laboratory, Sport-Science Faculty, University Paris-Sud, Orsay, F-91405, - - 2014
In the single-stance phase of gait, gravity acting on the center of mass (CoM) causes a disequilibrium torque, which generates propulsive force. Triceps surae activity resists gravity by restraining forward tibial rotation thereby tuning CoM momentum. We hypothesized that time and amplitude modulation of triceps surae activity determines the kinematics ...
Arunrut Narong N Center of Excellence for Shrimp Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (CENTEX Shrimp), Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency, Pathum Thani, - - 2014
Rapid and accurate detection of pathogens under field laboratory conditions is necessary for effective control of veterinary pathogens. Here we describe a prototype, portable, pathogen detection device developed for single tube, real-time, reverse transcription, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) using Laem-Singh virus (LSNV) as a model. LSNV is an RNA virus ...
Loprinzi Paul D - - 2013
To examine the association between accelerometer-assessed physical activity and visual acuity among a nationally representative sample of adults with evidence of diabetes. Six hundred seventy adult participants with diabetes (age 20-85) from the 2003-2006 NHANES cycles constituted the analyzed sample. Participants wore an accelerometer for 7 days to quantify time ...
Wang Donglin - - 2013
A two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide structure is designed for both TE- and TM-mode slow light propagation. The minimum group index of the waveguide for TE and TM modes can reach to 137.8 and 126.4, and the two polarizations have the same slow light frequency region. The designed structure can provide ...
Chen Siyuan - - 2013
Using the task-evoked pupillary response (TEPR) to index cognitive load can contribute significantly to the assessment of memory function and cognitive skills in patients. However, the measurement of pupillary response is currently limited to a well-controlled lab environment due to light reflex and also relies heavily on expensive video-based eye ...
Ando Eigo - - 2013
FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) is the major regulatory component controlling photoperiodic floral transition. It is expressed in guard cells and affects blue light-induced stomatal opening induced by the blue-light receptor phototropins phot1 and phot2. Roles for other flowering regulators in stomatal opening have yet to be determined. We show that ...
Umino Yumiko - - 2013
Diabetes reduces retinal and visual sensitivity to dim light flashes. However, the impact of diabetes on contrast sensitivity in dim light is unknown. Based on the lowered visual sensitivity previously observed, we hypothesized that contrast sensitivity would similarly be reduced. We therefore examined scotopic contrast sensitivity of the optomotor response ...
Kenett Dror Y - - 2013
The relationship between a market index and its constituent stocks is complicated. While an index is a weighted average of its constituent stocks, when the investigated time scale is one day or longer the index has been found to have a stronger effect on the stocks than vice versa. We ...
Hyun Dai-Kyung - - 2013
In many court cases, surveillance videos are used as significant court evidence. As these surveillance videos can easily be forged, it may cause serious social issues, such as convicting an innocent person. Nevertheless, there is little research being done on forgery of surveillance videos. This paper proposes a forensic technique ...
Maeda Etsuo - - 2012
An easy and large-scale fabrication technique of metal fins was used to produce periodic Au fin arrays that realized light confinement in the near-infrared region. Light confinement was revealed by vortex patterns in the optical power flow of an array of high-aspect-ratio fins (height of 1000 nm for a width of ...
Li Lieber Po-Hung - - 2012
The neuromagnetic index of hemispheric asymmetry in terms of ipsilateral/contralateral ratio at acute stage was previously revealed to prognosticate the 1-month hearing outcome of acute unilateral idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL), showing a dynamic relationship between top- and down-levels of auditory pathway. However, the prognostic effect of reorganization pattern ...
Agostini Alessandro - - 2012
Light-controlled gate: A novel capped silica nanoscopic mesoporous hybrid material for photo-driven cargo release applications has been designed and prepared. The capped system, which shows a zero release, contains a photo-cleavable bulky o-methoxybenzylamine derivative. Upon irradiation at 254 nm, photo-degradation of the o-methoxybenzylamine framework and the subsequent delivery of a fluorescent ...
Colin F - - 2012
Background and AimsEuropean beech epicormics have received far less attention than epicormics of other species, especially sessile oak. However, previous work on beech has demonstrated that there is a negative effect of radial growth on trunk sprouting, while more recent investigations on sessile oak proved a strong positive influence of ...
Jaillais Yvon - - 2012
The steroid hormones found in plants, the brassinosteroids, were originally genetically identified about 15 years ago as critical regulators of seedling photomorphogenesis. Two studies now shed light on the molecular mechanisms behind this observation. Brassinosteroids control seedling morphogenesis through direct interaction with master transcriptional regulators downstream of growth-promoting hormones and ...
Zhong Shangwei - - 2012
Environmental changes strongly affect plant growth and development. Phytohormones, endogenous plant-made small molecules such as ethylene, regulate a wide range of processes throughout the lifetime of plants [1, 2]. The ability of plants to integrate external signals with endogenous regulatory pathways is vital for their survival [3, 4]. Ethylene has ...
Fors Brett P - - 2012
On-off: A living radical polymerization procedure, which utilizes ppm levels of an iridium-based photoredox catalyst, affords control over chain growth through mediation by visible light (see scheme; P(n) =polymer chain, X=halogen, M=monomer). This process can be activated and deactivated by light, enables control over the molecular weight and molecular weight ...
Rapaport Mark H MH Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2012
This study gathers preliminary data about the biologic effects of repeated Swedish massage therapy compared to a light-touch control condition. The study design was a 5-week comparison of repeated Swedish massage and light touch on oxytocin (OT), arginine-vasopressin (AVP), adrenal corticotropin hormone (ACTH), cortisol (CORT), circulating phenotypic lymphocyte markers, and ...
Burbach Christian - - 2012
Primary roots of young maize seedlings showed peculiar growth behavior when challenged by placing them on a slope, or if whole seedlings were turned upside down. Importantly, this behavior was dependent on the light conditions. If roots were placed on slopes in the dark, they performed "crawling" behavior and advanced ...
Zhang Qinghua - - 2012
In this work, the hydrodynamic characteristics in tubular photobioreactors with a series of helical static mixers built-in were numerically investigated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The influences of height and screw pitch of the helical static mixer and fluid inlet velocity on the cell trajectories, swirl numbers and energy consumption ...
Sun Yu-Long - - 2012
Light relief! Mesoporous silica materials equipped with photoresponsive cucurbit[7]uril-pseudorotaxane nanovalves operate in biological media to trap cargo molecules within nanopores, but undergo controlled release when irradiated with light of a suitable wavelength. Significantly, a "ladder"-release pattern is obtained to balance maximal therapeutic efficacy and minimal dose frequency in the development ...
Salazar Ferdinand V - - 2012
We determined the feasibility of using the BG-Sentinel™ mosquito trap (BGS) as the pull component in a push-pull strategy to reduce indoor biting by Aedes aegypti. This included evaluating varying numbers of traps (1-4) and mosquito release numbers (10, 25, 50, 100, 150, 200, and 250) on recapture rates under ...
Lv Cong - - 2012
Light-responsive drug delivery systems are particularly appealing which are capable of releasing an active molecule at the appropriate site and rate. We synthesized a series of photodegradable polymers which can form nanoparticles for drug encapsulation. These particles in aqueous solutions are stable in buffers with different pH or at evaluated ...
Alami Meriem - - 2012
Aureococcus anophagefferens is a picoplanktonic microalga that is very well adapted to growth at low nutrient and low light levels, causing devastating blooms (``brown tides´´) in estuarine waters. To study the factors involved in long-term acclimation to different light intensities, cells were acclimated for a number of generations to growth ...
Jebsen Christian - - 2012
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra were measured from cells of Microcystis aeruginosa and Protoceratium reticulatum, whose growth rates were manipulated by the availability of nutrients or light. As expected, the macromolecular composition changed in response to the treatments. These changes were species-specific and depended on the type of perturbation applied ...
Borraccia Vito - - 2012
  The body-alarm reaction results from the activation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, which can lead to physio-psychological phenomena such as an exclusion/occlusion of the sense of hearing. One hypothesis to explain this alteration consists in a hydromechanical dysfunction of the internal ear attributable to antidiuretic hormone. In this study, we evaluated ...
Ho Wilson - - 2012
MTR Corporation and Wilson Acoustic Limited launched a project to investigate the effect of rail dampers on noise reduction and rail corrugation growth in an operational metro railway at a 300m radius curved track. Corrugation was measured by Corrugation Analysis Trolley (CAT) every month throughout a 6-month grinding cycle. Corrugation ...
Larsson Per - - 2012
• Growth in two old forest lichens was studied to evaluate how temporal (seasonal) and spatial (aspect-wise) partitioning of biomass and area growth respond to seasonal changes in light and climate. • We monitored relative growth rates during annual courses in the cephalolichen Lobaria pulmonaria and the cyanolichen Lobaria scrobiculata ...
Paul Aniruddha - - 2012
In this contribution, we report an effective and relatively simple route to grow triangular flat-top silver nanoparticles (NPs) directly on a solid substrate from smaller NPs through a wet photochemical synthesis. The method consists of fixing small, preformed nano-triangles (NTs) on a substrate, and subsequently irradiating them with light in ...
Higurashi Masakazu - - 2012
Collapsin response mediator protein 1 (CRMP1) and CRMP2 have been known as mediators of extracellular guidance cues such as semaphorin 3A and contribute to cytoskeletal reorganization in the axonal pathfinding process. To date, how CRMP1 and CRMP2 focally regulate axonal pathfinding in the growth cone has not been elucidated. To ...
Greer Dennis H - - 2012
High-light intensities and temperatures of the warm climate regions of Australia and elsewhere have a major effect on the growth and development of grapevines (Vitis vinifera L.). The objective of this research was to assess interactions between the light and seasonal temperatures by shading some vines and comparing these with ...
Sellaro Romina - - 2012
We investigated the diurnal dependence of the hypocotyl-growth responses to shade under sunlight-night cycles in Arabidopsis thaliana. Afternoon shade events promoted hypocotyl growth, while morning shade was ineffective. The lhy-D, elf3, lux, pif4 pif5, toc1, and quadruple della mutants retained the response to afternoon shade and the lack of response ...
Zheng Jian Yao - - 2012
Dendritic organic heterojunctions with aluminum tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) (Alq3) microwire trunks and 1,5-diaminoanthraquinone (DAAQ) nanowire branches were prepared through a two-step growth. The prefabricated Alq3 microwires act as the nucleation centers for the site-specific secondary vapor growth of DAAQ nanowires, resulting in the unique dendritic heterostructures. When the trunk was excited with ...
Kuo Fu-Shiu - - 2012
This study investigated the effects of eight light sources on photosynthetic bacteria (Rhodopseudomonas palustris) growth and carotenoid content (CD), cultured for 144h. Light sources were incandescent lamp (IL), halogen lamp (HL), fluorescence lamp (FL), and light-emitting diodes (LEDs) of white (LW), yellow (LY), red (LR), blue (LB), and green (LG). ...
Chen J Q - - 2012
Two common freshwater algae Microcystis aeruginosa and Scenedesmus obliquus were employed as test organism to evaluate the toxic effects of the widely used antibiotic, cefradine. In general, cefradine had significantly toxic effect on population growth and chlorophyll-a accumulation of two algae and the cyanophyceae was more sensitive than the chlorophyceae. ...
Saszik Shannon S Department of Ophthalmology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611, - - 2012
Barlow (1953) studied summation in ganglion cell receptive fields and observed a fine discrimination of spatial information from which he inferred that retinal interneurons use analog signals to process images. Subsequent intracellular recordings confirmed that the interneurons of the outer retina, including photoreceptors, horizontal cells, and bipolar cells, respond to ...
Wang Shujie - - 2012
Since the photoelectric response and charge carriers transport can be influenced greatly by the density and spacing of the ZnO nanorod arrays, controlling of these geometric parameters precisely is highly desirable but rather challenging in practice. Here, we fabricated patterned ZnO nanorod arrays with different densities and spacing distances on ...
Sun Xiaojuan - - 2012
In this paper, five-period InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well green light-emitting diodes (LEDs) were grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition with 405-nm light beam in situ monitoring system. Based on the signal of 405-nm in situ monitoring system, the related information of growth rate, indium composition and interfacial quality of ...
Lu Anhuai - - 2012
Phototrophy and chemotrophy are two dominant modes of microbial metabolism. To date, non-phototrophic microorganisms have been excluded from the solar light-centered phototrophic metabolism. Here we report a pathway that demonstrates a role of light in non-phototrophic microbial activity. In lab simulations, visible light-excited photoelectrons from metal oxide, metal sulfide, and ...
Sambade Adrian - - 2012
Light and dark have antagonistic effects on shoot elongation, but little is known about how these effects are translated into changes of shape. Here we provide genetic evidence that the light/gibberellin-signaling pathway affects the properties of microtubules required to reorient growth. To follow microtubule dynamics for hours without triggering photomorphogenic ...
Imchen Temjensangba - - 2012
The recruitment potential and the ability of Ulva flexuosa Wulfen zoospores to survive darkness were tested under different conditions in the present study. The dark preserved zoospore was cultured under a two-factor experimental design to test the effect of salinity and nitrate, effect of salinity and phosphate, effect of light ...
Xu Cheng-Yuan - - 2012
In contrast to seeds, high sensitivity of vegetative fragments to unfavourable environments may limit the expansion of clonal invasive plants. However, clonal integration promotes the establishment of propagules in less suitable habitats and may facilitate the expansion of clonal invaders into intact native communities. Here, we examine the influence of ...
Wang Pu - - 2012
Spatial heterogeneity in light supply is common in nature. Many studies have examined the effects of heterogeneous light supply on growth, morphology, physiology and biomass allocation of clonal plants, but few have tested those effects on intraspecific competition. In a greenhouse experiment, we grew one (no competition) or nine ramets ...
Sforza Eleonora - - 2012
Biofuels from algae are highly interesting as renewable energy sources to replace, at least partially, fossil fuels, but great research efforts are still needed to optimize growth parameters to develop competitive large-scale cultivation systems. One factor with a seminal influence on productivity is light availability. Light energy fully supports algal ...
Campbell Tom T Center for Mind and Brain, University of California, Davis, CA 95618, USA. - - 2012
To reduce stimulus transduction artifacts in EEG while using insert earphones. Reference Equivalent Threshold SPLs were assessed for Etymotic ER-4B earphones in 15 volunteers. Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) and middle latency responses (MLRs)-as well as long-duration complex ABRs-to click and /dα/ speech stimuli were recorded in a single-case design. Transduction ...
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