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Franke Manfred M Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, 44106 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Kilohertz Frequency Alternating Current (KHFAC) waveforms are being evaluated in a variety of physiological settings because of their potential to modulate neural activity uniquely when compared to frequencies in the sub-kilohertz range. However, the use of waveforms in this frequency range presents some unique challenges regarding the generator output. In ...
Ansari Khairul I KI Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 4 Blackfan Circle, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2014
The Fusarium mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) can cause cell death in wheat (Triticum aestivum), but can also reduce the level of cell death caused by heat shock in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) cell cultures. We show that 10 μg mL-1 DON does not cause cell death in Arabidopsis cell cultures, and its ...
Suzuki Tadahiro T Applied Microbiology Division, National Food Research Institute, 2-1-12 Kannon-dai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8642, Japan. - - 2014
Type B trichothecenes, which consist of deoxynivalenol (DON) and nivalenol (NIV) as the major end products, are produced by phytotoxic fungi, such as the Fusarium species, and pollute arable fields across the world. The DON toxicity has been investigated using various types of cell systems or animal bioassays. The evaluation ...
Kim Hun - - 2013
The objectives of this study were i) to characterize White Collar (WC) orthologs of the filamentous fungus Fusarium graminearum, ii) to investigate light-responsive phenotypes by the deletion of Fgwc-1 and Fgwc-2 genes, and iii) to examine the roles of those genes in constant light and darkness in relation to secondary ...
Schmidt-Heydt Markus - - 2012
It has previously been shown that the biosynthesis of the mycotoxins ochratoxin A and B and of citrinin by Penicillium is regulated by light. However, not only the biosynthesis of these mycotoxins, but also the molecules themselves are strongly affected by light of certain wavelengths. The white light and blue ...
Tian N - - 2012
This paper made a different attempt of real-time observation of the meiotic spindle movements in living mouse oocyte using a convenient method. This method was based on an experimental phenomenon discovered in our work. In living mouse oocytes, a high concentration of calcium ions (Ca(2+) ) was observed throughout the ...
He Jinbo - - 2012
RATIONALE: Studies have shown that alcohol could impair automatic pre-attentive change detection. However, several earlier studies which investigated alcohol-induced effects on single auditory feature independently were different from each other on the results. Meanwhile, only few auditory features have been investigated yet. Therefore, it is meaningful to investigate effects of ...
Jesic Snezana Dragoljub - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine predicting value of otitis type, age, gender, ear suppuration, disease duration, mucosal changes, cholesteatoma spreading, labyrinthine fistula, size, localization of tympanic membrane perforation, type and stage of its retraction and ossicular chain disruption with sensorineural hearing loss in patients with tubotympanic otitis, cholesteatoma, and tympanic membrane retractions. ...
De Mársico María C - - 2012
Egg mimicry by obligate avian brood parasites and host rejection of non-mimetic eggs are well-known textbook examples of host-parasite coevolution. By contrast, reciprocal adaptations and counteradaptations beyond the egg stage in brood parasites and their hosts have received less attention. The screaming cowbird (Molothrus rufoaxillaris) is a specialist obligate brood ...
Reynaud Alexandre A Department of Ophthalmology, McGill Vision Research, McGill University, Montreal, PQ, Canada. - - 2012
Orientation-modulated stimuli are thought to be processed via a two-stage process, the first stage involving the detection of the carrier by mechanisms in striate cortex and the second stage involving the detection of the modulation by way of integration of carrier-based information by mechanisms in extra-striate cortex. Much is known ...
Høeg Jens T - - 2012
Cypris metamorphosis was followed using video microscopy in four species of cirripeds representing the suspension-feeding pedunculated and sessile Thoracica and the parasitic Rhizocephala. Cirripede metamorphosis involves one or more highly complex molts that mark the change from a free cypris larva to an attached suspension feeder (Thoracica) or an endoparasite ...
Alards-Tomalin Doug - - 2012
The auditory kappa effect is a tendency to base the perceived duration of an inter-onset interval (IOI) separating two sequentially presented sounds on the degree of relative pitch distance separating them. Previous research has found that the degree of frequency discrepancy between tones extends the subjective duration of the IOI. ...
Markus Steven M - - 2012
Cortical force generators play a central role in the orientation and positioning of the mitotic spindle. In higher eukaryotes, asymmetrically localized cortical polarity determinants recruit or activate such force generators, which, through interactions with astral microtubules, position the mitotic spindle at the future site of cytokinesis. Recent studies in budding ...
Obuchi Chie - - 2012
Speech perception abilities, which vary widely among cochlear implant (CI) users, are considered to be associated with the integrity of the central auditory pathways from the auditory nerve to the cortex. Therefore, auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) are used to evaluate central auditory processing, which is thought to contribute to speech ...
Mondo Stephen J - - 2012
Many eukaryotes interact with heritable endobacteria to satisfy diverse metabolic needs. Some of these interactions are facultative symbioses, in which one partner is not essential to the other. Facultative symbioses are expected to be transitional stages along an evolutionary trajectory toward obligate relationships. We tested this evolutionary theory prediction in ...
Kusserow Martin - - 2012
We implemented and tested a wearable sensor system to measure patterns of stress responses in a professional musician under public performance conditions. Using this sensor system, we monitored the cellist's heart activity, the motion of multiple body parts, and their gradual changes during three repeated performances of a skill-demanding piece ...
Durán-Díaz Iván - - 2012
Blind separation of speech sources in reverberant environments is usually performed in the time-frequency domain, which gives rise to the permutation problem: the different ordering of estimated sources for different frequency components. A two-stage method to solve permutations with an arbitrary number of sources is proposed. The suggested procedure is ...
Bunchu Nophawan - - 2012
Hemipyrellia ligurriens (Diptera: Calliphoridae) is a forensically important blow fly species presented in many countries. In this study, we determined the morphology of all stages and the developmental rate of H. ligurriens reared under natural ambient conditions in Phitsanulok province, northern Thailand. Morphological features of all stages based on observing ...
Guettler Knut - - 2012
The question whether or not double basses can benefit from a compliant and radiating stage floor in the low end of their tonal register, similar to the well-known tuning fork-tabletop effect, was examined through field experiments in five concert halls. The topic comprises several aspects: (1) How well the mechanical ...
Wojtczak Magdalena - - 2012
Cochlear filtering results in earlier responses to high than to low frequencies. This study examined potential perceptual correlates of cochlear delays by measuring the perception of relative timing between tones of different frequencies. A brief 250-Hz tone was combined with a brief 1-, 2-, 4-, or 6-kHz tone. Two experiments ...
Morenz Katrin - - 2012
Spirometry is regarded as the gold standard for the diagnosis of COPD, yet the condition is widely underdiagnosed. Therefore, additional screening methods that are easy to perform and to interpret are needed. Recently, we demonstrated that low frequency ultrasound (LFU) may be helpful for monitoring lung diseases. The objective of ...
Cornella Miriam - - 2012
Auditory deviance detection in humans is indexed by the mismatch negativity (MMN), a component of the auditory evoked potential (AEP) of the electroencephalogram (EEG) occurring at a latency of 100-250 ms after stimulus onset. However, by using classic oddball paradigms, differential responses to regularity violations of simple auditory features have ...
Ranjan Sanjay - - 2012
Jatropha curcas (L.) trees under north Indian conditions (Lucknow) produce fruits in two major flushes, once during autumn-winter (October-December). The leaves at this time are at the senescence stages and already shedding. The second flush of fruit setting occurs during the summer (April-June) after the leaves have formed during spring ...
Dahl G E - - 2011
Photoperiod, or the daily sequence of light and dark, has dramatic effects on many physiological systems across animal species. Light patterns alter melatonin secretion profiles and, subsequently, the release profiles and circulating concentrations of a number of hormones that influence a variety of physiological responses. Although the impact of photoperiod ...
Asfour Huda - - 2011
Fluorescence imaging of transmembrane voltage-sensitive dyes is used to study electrical activation in cardiac tissue. However, the fluorescence signals, typically, have low SNRs and may be contaminated with motion artifact. In this report, we introduce a new processing approach for fluoresced transmembrane potentials (fTmps) that is based upon a discrete ...
Zižka Z - - 2011
Autofluorescence (primary fluorescence (AF)) of fruiting bodies and stems of the fungus Morchella conica var. rigida was studied by fluorescence microscopy including sporangia and ascospores. The ascospores were characterized by a weak green-yellow AF at blue excitation. Using a green excitation, no AF was observed. The hyphae located under the ...
Krüger Tjaart P J - - 2011
The time-resolved fluorescence intensity fluctuations from single, immobilized complexes of the main light-harvesting complex (LHCII) of plants were investigated in different pH environments close to room temperature and under different light conditions. The efficiency of light harvesting, which was represented by complexes typically residing for long periods in strongly fluorescing ...
Krüger Tjaart P J - - 2011
We present a simple method to resolve discrete intensity shifts from time-resolved single-molecule emission data. This new method uses multiples of the standard deviation of the measured intensities that are integrated into short time bins. By applying the technique to trimeric units of the main light-harvesting complex (LHCII) of plants, ...
Cao Xinhua - - 2011
Switchable supramolecular self-assemblies on the basis of interaction between melamine group containing photochromic diarylethene unit (DTE) and naphthalimide derivate (1) were designed and fabricated. 1 can gelate several aprotic solvents with different morphologies. The gel turned into partial gel in ethyl acetate with the addition of DTE as a guest ...
Ryu Gihan - - 2011
We demonstrate a compact, low cost and practical fluorescence detection system for lab-on-a-chip applications. The system comprises a commercially available InGaN light emitting diode (501 nm) as light source, an organic or silicon photodiode detector, absorptive dye coated colour filters and linear and reflective polarisers. An injection moulded polystyrene microfluidic ...
Delcourt Johann - - 2011
Initially developed so that an individual could be recognized in mark-recapture studies of aquatic animals, fluorescent visible implant elastomer (VIE) tags are used here for a new application in ethometry: the study of the behavior of transparent animals in dim light or in darkness using automatic tracking technology. The application ...
Yang Fan - - 2011
In this paper, a compact and inexpensive light emitting diode induced fluorescence (LED-IF) detector with simplified optical configuration was developed and assembled in an integrated microfluidic device for microscale electrophoresis. The facile detector mainly consisted of an LED, a focusing pinhole, an emission filter and a photodiode, and was encapsulated ...
Szepetiuk Grégory - - 2011
Under specific light illumination, particularly ultraviolet (UV) and near-UV light stimulation, the skin produces both specular light reflectance and, possibly, specific fluorescent emission. These properties offer diagnostic clues and disclose some peculiar functions of the skin. A series of superficial infections (erythrasma, some tinea capitis types, tinea/pityriasis versicolor, dermatophytoses, etc.) ...
Wang Jing - - 2011
Herein, we unveiled the first zinc complex based chemosensor for cyanide (CN(-)). The changed visual color from light reddish orange to dark reddish orange, the enhanced fluorescence intensity at approximately 600 nm and the near-linear correlation A(495)/A(325)versus the cyanide concentration were observed after adding CN(-).
Kirby Benjamin J - - 2011
To determine whether an "optimal" distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) protocol that (1) used optimal stimulus levels and primary-frequency ratios for each f2, (2) simultaneously measured 2f2 - f1 and 2f1 - f2 distortion products, (3) controlled source contribution, (4) implemented improved calibration techniques, (5) accounted for the influence of ...
Gao Zhenghong - - 2011
Strong and stable visible-light-emitting boron nitride nanotube (BNNT)/biomolecule nanohybrids were successfully fabricated via noncovalent functionalization of BNNTs with flavin mononucleotides (FMN). Atomic force microscopy showed excellent dispersion of the nanohybrids in aqueous solution. Infrared absorption spectroscopy revealed strong π-π stacking interactions between FMN and BNNT sidewalls. Importantly, the fluorescence spectra ...
Xie Chong - - 2011
Observing individual molecules in a complex environment by fluorescence microscopy is becoming increasingly important in biological and medical research, for which critical reduction of observation volume is required. Here, we demonstrate the use of vertically aligned silicon dioxide nanopillars to achieve below-the-diffraction-limit observation volume in vitro and inside live cells. ...
Wright A Harrison - - 2011
The lower oxygen limit (LOL) in plants may be identified through the measure of respiratory gases [i.e. the anaerobic compensation point (ACP) or the respiratory quotient breakpoint (RQB)], but recent work shows it may also be identified by a sudden rise in dark minimum fluorescence (F (o)). The interrelationship between ...
Kenkel C D - - 2011
Multi-coloured homologues of the green fluorescent protein generate some of the most striking visual phenomena in the ocean. Despite their natural prominence in reef-building corals and widespread use in biotechnology, their biological role remains obscure. Here, we experimented with larvae of Acropora millepora to determine what can be learned about ...
Carroll Elizabeth C - - 2011
UV light below 300 nm is shown to generate the first photocycle intermediate in the blue light photoreceptor Photoactive Yellow Protein. Fluorescence and ultrafast transient absorption measurements indicate two excitation pathways: UV-B absorption by the chromophore and Fluorescence Resonant Energy Transfer (FRET) from tryptophan and tyrosine residues.
Stirbet Alexandrina - - 2011
Chlorophyll a fluorescence is a highly sensitive, non-destructive, and reliable tool for measuring, rather quickly, photosynthetic efficiency, particularly of Photosystem II (PSII), the water-plastoquinone oxidoreductase. We briefly review here the connection between the fast (up to 2s) chlorophyll fluorescence rise and PSII, as well as the empirical use of the ...
Cohen-Mimran Ravit - - 2011
Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to examine developmental trends in rate change detection of auditory rhythmic signals (repetitive sinusoidally frequency modulated tones). Methods: Two groups of children (9-10 years old and 11-12 years old) and one group of young adults performed a rate change detection (RCD) task using three ...
Reisig Dominic D - - 2011
In eastern North Carolina, some brown stink bugs, Euschistus servus (Say) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) are suspected to pass the F(1) generation in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) (Poales: Poaceae) before moving into corn (Zea mays L.) (Poales: Poaceae). These pests can injure corn ears as they develop. To test their effectiveness as ...
Hope C K - - 2010
Hope CK, de Josselin de Jong E, Field MRT, Valappil SP, Higham SM. Photobleaching of red fluorescence in oral biofilms. J Periodont Res 2010; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2010.01334.x. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S Background and Objective:  Many species of oral bacteria can be induced to fluoresce due to the presence ...
Giansante Carlo - - 2010
The self-assembly of a blue-emitting light-harvesting organogelator and specifically designed highly fluorescent tetracenes yields nanofibers with tunable emissive properties. In particular, under near-UV excitation, white light emission is achieved in organogels and dry films of nanofibers. Confocal fluorescence microspectroscopy demonstrates that each individual nanofiber emits white light. A kinetic study ...
Liu Yi - - 2011
A conceptually new "light-up" biosensor with a high specificity for d-glucose (Glu) in aqueous media has been developed. The emission from a tetraphenylethene (TPE)-cored diboronic acid (1) was greatly boosted when the fluorogen was oligomerized with Glu because of restriction of the intramolecular rotations of the aryl rotors of TPE ...
Luchowski Rafal - - 2010
Concentration is a key determining factor in the fluorescence properties of organic fluorophores. We studied self-quenching of disodium fluorescein (uranin) fluorescence in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) thin films. The concentration dependent changes in brightness and anisotropy were followed by a lifetime decrease. We found that at a concentration of 0.54 M, ...
Tsoi Shufen - - 2010
This work describes a method for limiting internal losses of a luminescent solar concentrator (LSC) due to reabsorption through patterning the fluorescent dye doped coating of the LSC. By engineering the dye coating into regular line patterns with fill factors ranging from 20 - 80%, the surface coverage of the ...
Möckel Doreen - - 2011
The tympanal organ of the bushcricket Mecopoda elongata emits pronounced distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs). Their characteristics are comparable to those measured in other insects, such as locusts and moths, with the 2f1-f2 emission being the most prominent one. Yet the site of their generation is still unclear. The spatial separation ...
Paglialonga Alessia - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the functionality of cochlear active mechanisms in normal-hearing subjects affected by Williams syndrome (WS). Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) were recorded in a group of young WS subjects and a group of typically developing control subjects, all having normal-hearing thresholds and normal ...
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