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Gupta Sayan S Berkeley Center for Structural Biology, Physical Biosciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2014
X-ray footprinting (XF) is an important structural biology tool used to determine macromolecular conformations and dynamics of both nucleic acids and proteins in solution on a wide range of timescales. With the impending shut-down of the National Synchrotron Light Source, it is ever more important that this tool continues to ...
Maniatis Lydia L 4Profitou Ilia St. Drosia, 14572, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
The anchoring theory of lightness perception (Psychological Review 106 (1999) 795-834) has been described as one of the most successful approaches to lightness perception. Yet, not only does the original proposal contain serious gaps and inconsistencies, later expressions of the theory, which was never formally revised, seem to contradict the ...
Chang An-Chieh AC Commun. Sci. and Disord., Univ. of Wisconsin - Madison, 1975 Willow Dr., Madison, WI 53706, - - 2014
As the frequency separation of A and B tones in an ABAABA tone sequence increases the tones are heard to split into separate auditory streams (fission threshold). The phenomenon is identified with our ability to 'hear out' individual sound sources in natural, multisource acoustic environments. One important difference, however, between ...
Nan Xiaoli X a Department of Communication , University of - - 2014
This study examines the effectiveness of cigarette warning labels, with a specific focus on the impact of graphics, message framing (gain vs. loss), and temporal framing (present-oriented vs. future-oriented) among nonsmokers in the United States. A controlled experiment (N = 253) revealed that graphic warning labels were perceived as more effective, stronger ...
Allard Rémy R INSERM, U968 Paris, France ; Institut de la Vision, UMR_S 968, Sorbonne Universités - Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie Paris, France ; CNRS, UMR_7210 Paris, - - 2014
Contrast thresholds for discriminating orientation and direction of a drifting, oriented grating are usually similar to contrast detection thresholds, which suggest that the most sensitive detectors are labeled for both orientation and direction (Watson and Robson, 1981). This was found to be true in noiseless condition, but Arena et al. ...
Domart-Coulon I I UMR7245 Molécules de Communication et Adaptation des Microorganismes, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
Using in situ (12h) pulse-labeling of scleractinian coral aragonitic skeleton with stable (86)Sr isotope, the diel pattern of skeletal extension was investigated in the massive Porites lobata species, grown at 5 meters depth in the Gulf of Eilat. Several microstructural aspects of coral biomineralization were elucidated, among which the most ...
Qiu Peiyu - - 2013
Owing to their unique photo-physical properties, rare-earth ions-doped upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) have attracted extensive attention in recent years. UCNPs have many special merits, such as a long luminescence lifetime, narrow emission band widths, high quantum yields and low toxicity, which allows their potential applications in bio-medical field, biological luminescent labels ...
O'Connor Richard J - - 2013
Many governments around the world have banned the use of misleading cigarette descriptors such as "light" and "mild" because the cigarettes so labeled were found not to reduce smokers' health risks. However, underlying cigarette design features, which are retained in many brands, likely contribute to ongoing belief that these cigarettes ...
Dilley Stephen - - 2013
This essay analyzes Theodosius Dobzhansky's famous article, "Nothing in Biology Makes Sense Except in the Light of Evolution," in which he presents some of his best arguments for evolution. I contend that all of Dobzhansky's arguments hinge upon sectarian claims about God's nature, actions, purposes, or duties. Moreover, Dobzhansky's theology ...
Jeong Seong-Gyun - - 2013
A novel motion-compensated frame interpolation (MCFI) algorithm to increase video temporal resolutions based on multihypothesis motion estimation (MHME) and texture optimization is proposed in this work. First, we form multiple motion hypotheses for each pixel by employing different motion estimation parameters, i.e. different block sizes and different directions. Then, we ...
Rinne Jennifer S - - 2013
We have developed a new molecular beacon design that requires an additional UV pulse for fluorescence activation. This improves the signal-to-noise ratio tremendously compared to previous approaches and allows for a precise control of the time point and location of RNA labelling.
Battle C - - 2013
Differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy is a common mode of biological light microscopy used to achieve maximal resolution and contrast with label-free, weakly absorbing specimens such as cells. Maintaining the polarization state of the illuminating light is essential for the technique, and this requirement can conflict with optical trapping. We ...
Mejean C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labelling has been proposed as a tool for helping consumers make healthy choices. Before determining its effects on consumer behaviour, factors involved in its use must be elucidated, i.e. understanding and acceptability on the part of the consumer. Among five FOP labels, we sought to determine ...
Qin Guoxing - - 2013
In this article, we report a gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) sensing platform based on chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer (CRET) for light on detection of biomolecules. In designing such a CRET-based biosensing platform, the aptamer was first covalently labeled with a chemiluminescent reagent, N-(4-aminobutyl)-N-ethylisoluminol (ABEI). The ABEI labeled aptamer was then hybridized ...
Brewer Jennifer M JM The John B. Pierce Laboratory, 290 Congress Avenue, New Haven, CT 06519, - - 2013
Two experiments, using different ranges and numbers of stimuli, examined how linguistic labels affect the identification of flavor mixtures containing different proportions of sucrose (gustatory flavorant) and citral (olfactory flavorant). Both experiments asked subjects to identify each stimulus as having either "mostly sugar" or "mostly citrus." In one condition, no ...
Guan Yajing - - 2013
Seed security is of prime importance for agriculture. To protect true seeds from being faked, more secure dual anti-counterfeiting technologies for tobacco ( L.) pelleted seed were developed in this paper. Fluorescein (FR), rhodamine B (RB), and magnetic powder (MP) were used as anti-counterfeiting labels. According to their different properties ...
Dickinson J Edwin - - 2013
Observers make sense of scenes by parsing images on the retina into meaningful objects. This ability is retained for line drawings, demonstrating that critical information is concentrated at object boundaries. Information theoretic studies argue for further concentration at points of maximum curvature, or corners, on such boundaries [1]-[3] suggesting that ...
Nießner Christine - - 2013
The radical pair model proposes that the avian magnetic compass is based on radical pair processes in the eye, with cryptochrome, a flavoprotein, suggested as receptor molecule. Cryptochrome 1a (Cry1a) is localized at the discs of the outer segments of the UV/violet cones of European robins and chickens. Here, we ...
Yang Yang - - 2012
This paper proposes a novel representation of articulated human actions and gestures, and facial expressions. The main goals of the proposed approach are: (1) to enable recognition using very few examples, i.e., one, or k-shot learning, and (2) meaningful organization of unlabelled data sets by unsupervised clustering. Our proposed representation ...
Zaini Hazlin - - 2012
We describe the creation of a set of point-light movies depicting 43 communicative gestures and 43 noncommunicative, pantomimed actions. These actions were recorded using a motion capture system that is worn on the body and provides accurate capture of the positions and movements of individual fingers. The movies created thus ...
Masotti F - - 2012
This study investigated the changes in chemical and microbiological properties of fresh goat milk cheese stored in an open deck refrigerated display cabinet (6 ± 2°C) or in a dark cold room (4 ± 1°C). The effects of partial-vacuum packaging and fluorescent lighting were studied during the cheese shelf life ...
Tomović Vladimir M - - 2012
Effects of rapid chilling of carcasses (at -31°C in the first 3h of chilling, and then at 2-4°C) and earlier deboning (8h post-mortem), compared to rapid (till 24h post-mortem) and conventional chilling (at 2-4°C, till 24h post-mortem), on quality characteristics of pork M. semimebranosus and cooked ham were investigated. Quality ...
Jeste Neelum N Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive 0733, La Jolla, CA 92093-0733, - - 2013
During chemotherapy, women with breast cancer not only experience poor quality of life (QOL), they also have little exposure to bright light, which has been shown to be associated with depression, fatigue, and poor sleep in other chronic illnesses. This study examined whether increased light exposure would have a positive ...
McCreery Ryan W - - 2012
PURPOSE: One clinical question was developed for this review addressing the comparison of hearing aids using frequency lowering compared to conventional processing amplification for outcomes of audibility, speech recognition, speech and language, and self- or parent-report for children with hearing loss. METHOD: Twenty-six databases were systematically searched for studies addressing ...
Matsumoto Naoya - - 2012
We propose and demonstrate high-quality generation of a uniform multispot pattern (MSP) by using a spatial light modulator with adaptive feedback. The method iteratively updates a computer generated hologram (CGH) using correction coefficients to improve the intensity distribution of the generated MSP in the optical system. Thanks to a simple ...
Croghan Naomi B H - - 2012
Dynamic-range compression (DRC) is used in the music industry to maximize loudness. The amount of compression applied to commercial recordings has increased over time due to a motivating perspective that louder music is always preferred. In contrast to this viewpoint, artists and consumers have argued that using large amounts of ...
Steenbergen Peter - - 2012
Studies of the interaction between mechanoception and nociception would benefit from a method for stimulation of both modalities at the same location. For this purpose, we developed an electrical stimulation device. Using two different electrode geometries, discs and needles, the device is capable of inducing two distinct stimulus qualities, dull ...
Wirpsza Laura - - 2012
Lanthanide ion luminescence has a long lifetime enabling highly sensitive detection in time-gated mode. The sensitivity can be further increased by using multiple luminescent labels attached to a carrier molecule, which can be conjugated to an object of interest. We found that up to 30 lanthanide chelates can be attached ...
Ming Hai - - 2012
High quality carbon nanodots (C-dots) with high purity were synthesized through a mild, one-step electrochemical approach, without the assistance of any chemicals but only pure water. This high productivity method makes the synthetic process of C-dots synthesis both economical as well as environment-friendly. The as prepared C-dots are predominantly multi-layer ...
Zhuang H - - 2012
Four replications were conducted to compare sensory descriptive profiles of cooked boneless skinless chicken breast categorized by fillet (pectoralis major) weight or size. In each replication, 20 heavy fillets, 20 medium fillets, and 20 light fillets (deboned at 6-8 h postmortem) were obtained from a commercial processing plant. Fillets were ...
Zhang Hongjie - - 2012
The bleached wheat straw pulp (BWSP) accounts for about 25% of the virgin fiber supply in the Chinese Pulp and Paper Industry. As a non-wood chemical pulp, BWSP is known to have low bulk, low light scattering coefficient and poor drainage due to its high content of parenchyma cells. In ...
Svahn Carina - - 2012
This study investigates the effects of different light qualities on the photosynthetic capacity of the brown algae F. vesiculosus, from the Norwegian Sea, and F. radicans and F. vesiculosus, from the Bothnian Sea. The electron transport rates (ETR) obtained for F. vesiculosus from the Norwegian Sea showed significantly higher levels ...
Pourhosein Sarameh Sara - - 2012
The objective of this study was to control the reproductive cycle of pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) through determining the effects of different photoperiods and handling stress on the reproduction quality, timing and quality of spawning, fertilization, sex steroids, and cortisol concentrations. In this study, 72 pikeperch broodstocks with an average weight ...
Eckert Mark A - - 2012
Age-related hearing loss, or presbyacusis, is a major public health problem that causes communication difficulties and is associated with diminished quality of life. Limited satisfaction with hearing aids, particularly in noisy listening conditions, suggests that central nervous system declines occur with presbyacusis and may limit the efficacy of interventions focused ...
Vigeant Michelle C - - 2012
Impulse response measurements and binaural recordings were taken in a 900-seat multi-purpose hall in three clusters of nine adjacent seats. Each cluster contained a central seat, the seats immediately to the left and to the right, and the three seats in the rows directly in front of and behind the ...
Gan Yonghong - - 2012
Humans percept their environment mainly visually, but the acoustic background may have a strong effect on overall landscape preference. Through urbanization, not only the appearance, but also the acoustic background of a landscape is changed. In this paper, the following questions are addressed: (a) How does urbanization change soundscape, in ...
Chon Song Hui - - 2012
Timbre saliency is defined as the attention-capturing quality of timbre. Saliency differences between timbres were measured using a tapping technique in which the stronger beat in ABAB isochronous sequences was reproduced by the listener, the idea being that the more salient timbre would capture listeners' attention and be chosen more ...
Hayakawa Makoto - - 2012
In recent years, high-quality speech recording is requested for comfortably using a communication system. However, a clipping distortion caused by input exceeding the maximum range of amplifier is one of the problems with a sound quality degradation. Although linear prediction method has been conventionally proposed for restoring a clipped speech ...
Wu Junru - - 2012
The present study investigated effects of two acoustic continua on the within-category perceptual structure of Putonghua Tone 2 and Tone 3. These two tones were simulated with tokens varying along two acoustic continua about F0 contour: the timing of F0 turning point and falling of F0. Three different syllable durations ...
Peters Nils - - 2012
Surround-sound reproduction is usually limited to a position where the listener maintains optimal perception of the reproduced soundfield. To improve the reproduction quality at off-center listening positions (OCPs), a better understanding of the nature of the perceived artifacts is necessary. Based on the geometrical relationships of a listener to the ...
Zhang L - - 2012
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of monochromatic light stimuli during embryogenesis on breast muscle growth, chemical composition, and meat quality of male broilers. Fertile broiler eggs (Arbor Acres; n = 1,320) were preweighed and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups in 3 modified incubators: 1) ...
Weisser Stephanie - - 2012
The Ethiopian lyre bagana is usually finger-plucked and monodic, with a skin soundboard and ten gut strings tuned to low-frequency pitches (ca 50-150 Hz). Its most important sonorous characteristic is its buzzing sounds, produced thanks to leather pieces placed between each string and the wide bridge. This study is based ...
Brunelle Marc - - 2012
The perceptual integrality of f0, F1 and voice quality is investigated by looking at register, a phonological contrast that relies on these three properties in three dialects of Cham, an Austronesian language of Mainland Southeast Asia. The results of a Garner classification experiment confirm that the three acoustic properties integrate ...
Kankare Elina - - 2012
This study estimated vocal economy and investigated its relation to perceived voice quality and self-reported symptoms of vocal fatigue in kindergarten teachers. Quasi-output-cost ratio (QOCR) was calculated for sustained vowel [a:] at habitual loudness and at sound pressure level (SPL) of 90 dB(6cm). QOCR was calculated as (SPL/CQ(EGG)) × T/T(0), ...
Shrivastav Rahul R Malcom Randall VAMC and University of Florida, Dauer Hall, P.O. Box 117420, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA. - - 2012
Two sounds with the same pitch may vary from each other based on saliency of their pitch sensation. This perceptual attribute is called "pitch strength." The study of voice pitch strength may be important in quantifying of normal and pathological qualities. The present study investigated how pitch strength varies across ...
Scholler S - - 2012
An approach for the direct measurement of video quality change perception using electroencephalography (EEG) is presented. Subjects viewed 8s video clips while their brain activity was registered using EEG. The video signal was either uncompressed at full length or changed from uncompressed to a lower quality level at a random ...
Wang Zixiong - - 2012
This paper investigates the performance of our recently proposed LED lamp arrangement to reduce the SNR fluctuation from different locations in the room for multi-user visible light communications. The LED lamp arrangement consists of 4 LED lamps positioned in the corners and 12 LED lamps spread evenly on a circle. ...
Du Hai - - 2012
Geosmin is the major cause of the common earthy off-flavor in light-aroma type Chinese liquor and, thus, highly detrimental to the aromatic quality. To find out its origin, the evolving process of geosmin in light-aroma type liquor making was monitored, and microbial analysis of Daqu containing geosmin was carried out. ...
Roy Alexis T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although cochlear implant (CI) users frequently report deterioration of sound quality when listening to music, few methods exist to quantify these subjective claims. OBJECTIVE: 1) To design a novel research method for quantifying sound quality perception in CI users during music listening; 2) To validate this method by assessing ...
Bourne Tracy - - 2012
Three Music Theater vocal qualities ("chesty belt," "twangy belt," and "legit") were investigated in female singers at their overlap range, between F#4-D5 (∼370-600 Hz). Six experienced Music Theater singers performed each quality on two different vowels ([e], [ɔ]). Audio and electroglottographic (EGG) signals were recorded as well as the vocal tract ...
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