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Zhang Xiao X *Key Laboratory of Chemical Safety and Health, National Institute for Occupational Health and Poison Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 29 Nanwei Rd, Beijing, 100050, China. E-mail: zhangxiaotiti@126.com (Xiao Zhang), huaweiduan@126.com (Huawei Duan), chuanfengh@yahoo.com.cn (Chuanfeng Huang), niuyong1230@hotmail.com (Yong Niu), zhengyx@chinacdc.cn (Yuxin Zheng); Faculty of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, 74 Zhongshan Rd 2, Guangzhou, 510080, China. E-mail: gaof198809@163.com (Feng Gao), li_yuanyuan2010@126.com (Yuanyuan Li); Department of Environmental Toxicology, The Institute of Environmental and Human Health, Texas Tech University, 1207 Gilbert Drive , Lubbock, TX 79416, USA. E-mail: gaoweimin@gmail.com; Henan Institute of Occupational Medicine, Kangfuxi Street, Zhengzhou, 450052, China. E-mail: - - 2014
The International Agency for Research on Cancer has recently reclassified diesel engine exhaust (DEE) as a Group 1 carcinogen. Micronucleus (MN), nucleoplasmic bridge (NPB), and nuclear bud (NBUD) frequencies in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) are associated with cancer risk. However, the impact of DEE exposure on MN frequency has not ...
Hu L L Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (Ministry of Education) and School of Psychology, Southwest University, 400715 Chongqing, China, Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China, and huli@swu.edu.cn - - 2014
Intense radiant heat pulses concomitantly activate Aδ- and C-fiber skin nociceptors, and elicit a typical double sensation: an initial Aδ-related pricking pain is followed by a C-related prolonged burning sensation. It has been repeatedly reported that C-fiber laser-evoked potentials (C-LEPs) become detectable only when the concomitant activation of Aδ-fibers is ...
Fernando Anushka B P AB Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, United Kingdom Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, United Kingdom - - 2014
Safety signals provide "relief" through predicting the absence of an aversive event. At issue is whether these signals also act as instrumental reinforcers. Four experiments were conducted using a free-operant lever-press avoidance paradigm in which each press avoided shock and was followed by the presentation of a 5-sec auditory safety ...
Seya Yasuhiro Y Department of Human and Computer Intelligence, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1, Noji-higashi, Kusatsu, Shiga, 525-8577, Japan, - - 2014
We investigated the effects of pursuit effort against the optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) on induced motion (IM) by measuring vertical IM and eye movements. Participants viewed an inducing stimulus (a random dot pattern) moving either upward or downward at the velocity of 10 or 40 °/s. A horizontally moving target (a ...
Frissen Ilja I Multimodal Interaction Lab, School of Information Studies, McGill University, 3661 Peel St, Montreal, CANADA, H3A 1X1; Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Music Media and Technology, 527 Sherbrooke St. West, Montreal, CANADA, H3A 1E3. Electronic address: - - 2014
We determined velocity discrimination thresholds and Weber fractions for sounds revolving around the listener at very high velocities. Sounds used were a broadband white noise and two harmonic sounds with fundamental frequencies at 330 Hz and 1760 Hz. Experiment 1 used velocities ranging between 288°/s and 720°/s in an acoustically ...
Robinson Siobhan S Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire - - 2014
An essential aspect of episodic memory is the formation of associations between neutral sensory cues in the environment. In light of recent evidence that this critical aspect of learning does not require the hippocampus, we tested the involvement of the retrosplenial cortex (RSC) in this process using a chemogenetic approach ...
Eliades Steven J SJ University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of - - 2014
This study investigates adaptation of high-frequency cortical responses (>60 Hz; high-gamma) to simple and complex sounds in human non-primary auditory cortex. We used intracranial electrocorticographic (ECoG) recordings to measure event-related changes in high-gamma (HG) power as a function of stimulus probability. Tone and speech stimuli were presented in a series ...
Herbst Sophie K SK Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Luisenstr. 56, 10117, Berlin, Germany, - - 2014
In this study, we used EEG to investigate how visual stimulus dynamics (i.e. flicker) affect the mechanisms of duration perception. Previous studies have demonstrated that flickering visual stimuli are judged longer than equally long non-flickering stimuli. We tested whether this effect of flicker on duration judgments is mediated by changes ...
Qadri Muhammad A J MA Department of Psychology, Tufts University, 490 Boston Ave, Medford, MA, 02155, USA, - - 2014
Glass patterns are structured dot stimuli used to investigate the visual perception of global form. Studies have demonstrated that humans and pigeons differ in their processing of circular versus linearly organized Glass patterns. To test whether this comparative difference is characteristic of birds as a phylogenetic class, we investigated for ...
Aubie Brandon B McMaster - - 2014
Neurons with responses selective for the duration on an auditory stimulus are called duration-tuned neurons (DTNs). Temporal specificity in their spiking suggests that one function of DTNs is to encode stimulus duration; however, the efficacy of duration encoding by DTNs has yet to be investigated. Herein, we characterize the information ...
Podlesnik Christopher A CA The Scott Center for Autism Treatment and Florida Institute of Technology; The University of - - 2014
Resurgence is the relapse of a previously reinforced and then extinguished target response when extinguishing a more recently reinforced alternative response. We designed the present study to assess the contribution of stimulus-control and reinforcer-control processes in determining resurgence. In a modified resurgence procedure, we removed the alternative discriminative stimulus signaling ...
Oever Sanne Ten ST Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 6200 - - 2014
Temporal structure in the environment often has predictive value for anticipating the occurrence of forthcoming events. In this study we investigated the influence of two types of predictive temporal information on the perception of near-threshold auditory stimuli: 1) intrinsic temporal rhythmicity within an auditory stimulus stream and 2) temporally-predictive visual ...
Widmann Andreas A Cognitive and Biological Psychology, University of Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Filtering is a ubiquitous step in the preprocessing of electroencephalographic (EEG) and magnetoencephalographic (MEG) data. Besides the intended effect of the attenuation of signal components considered as noise, filtering can also result in various unintended adverse filter effects (distortions such as smoothing) and filter artifacts. We give some practical guidelines ...
Arruda Ademir F AF Department of Sport, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of a very congested match schedule on the total distance covered (TD), high-intensity running distance (HIR), and frequency of accelerations and body load impacts (BLI) performed in a team of Under-15 soccer players (n=10; 15.1±0.2 yr, 171.8±4.7 cm, 61±6.0 kg) ...
Sanjuán Juaristi Julio J Unidad de Neurofisiología Experimental, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, - - 2014
Given the relevance of possible hearing losses due to sound overloads and the short list of references of objective procedures for their study, we provide a technique that gives precise data about the audiometric profile and recruitment factor. Our objectives were to determine peripheral fatigue, through the cochlear microphonic response ...
Noonan Jonathan Edward JE Department of Ophthalmology, University of Melbourne, Centre for Eye Research Australia, Level 1, 32 Gisborne St, Melbourne, VIC, 3002, - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate the impact of ambient room lighting on the magnitude of flicker light-induced retinal vasodilations in healthy individuals. Methods: 20 healthy non-smokers participated in a balanced 2 x 2 crossover study. Retinal vascular imaging was performed with the Dynamic Vessel Analyzer under reduced or normal ambient lighting, then ...
Patel Vaama V Department of Psychology/Interdisciplinary Program in Neuroscience, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, - - 2014
Binocular rivalry and stimulus rivalry are two forms of perceptual instability that arise when the visual system is confronted with conflicting stimulus information. In the case of binocular rivalry, dissimilar monocular stimuli are presented to the two eyes for an extended period of time, whereas for stimulus rivalry the dissimilar ...
Mlynski Robert R 1Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Otto Koerner Rostock University Medical Center, Rostock, Germany; 2Department of Otolaryngology, Section of Physiological Acoustics and Communication, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany; and 3Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Plastic, Aesthetic, and Reconstructive Head and Neck Surgery, Comprehensive Hearing Center, University of Wuerzburg, Würzburg, - - 2014
The active middle ear implant Vibrant Soundbridge was originally designed to treat mild-to-severe sensorineural hearing losses. The floating mass transducer (FMT) is crimped onto the long incus process. The procedure is termed incus vibroplasty to distinguish from other attachment sites or stimulus modi for treating conductive and mixed hearing losses. ...
Weinger Paige Mariel PM Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Seaver Autism Center, Psychiatry One Gustave Levy Place, Box 1230 Atran Building E Level, Room 22 New York, NY 10029 UNITED STATES. Electronic address: - - 2014
A battery of short-duration neurophysiological tests were designed and implemented using visual evoked potentials (VEPs) to examine specific neural mechanisms in children with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Contrast-sweep conditions (bright or dark isolated-checks) were used to elicit steady-state VEPs to examine the integrity of ON/OFF pathways, respectively. Children ...
Spendlove Jacob J *Department of Developmental Sciences - - 2014
Summary BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Because polymer-based materials typically exhibit viscoelastic properties, the objective was to determine if commercially available, aesthetic, fibre-reinforced composite archwires maintain continuous forces without undergoing force decay when deflected continuously. Quasi force decay was evaluated by comparing three-point bending profiles of nickel-titanium (NiTi) and fibre-reinforced composite archwires (BioMers) prior ...
Ishii Toshiyuki T Department of Physiology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, 113-8602, - - 2014
Direction selectivity in the retina has been studied as a model of dendritic computation of neural circuits. Starburst amacrine cells (SACs) have been examined as a model system of dendritic computation since they play a pivotal role in the formation of direction selectivity. Because the difference of anatomical location inside ...
Lin Meng-Wei - - 2014
This study investigated the discomfort glare produced by the high-brightness LED billboards in relation to four factors: flicker frequency, panel luminance, viewing angular sub-tense, and ambient illuminance. The results showed that visual comfort is not affected by ambient illuminance but by the other three factors. Also, interaction was found between ...
Lau Bonnie K BK Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, 1417 NE 42nd Street, Seattle, Washington - - 2014
Three-month-olds discriminate resolved harmonic complexes on the basis of missing fundamental (MF) pitch. In view of reported difficulty in discriminating unresolved complexes at 7 months and striking changes in the organization of the auditory system during early infancy, infants' ability to discriminate unresolved complexes is of some interest. This study ...
Thakkar Tanvi T Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland - - 2014
In normal-hearing (NH) listeners, elevation perception is produced by the spectral cues imposed by the pinna, head, and torso. Elevation perception in cochlear-implant (CI) listeners appears to be non-existent; this may be a result of poorly encoded spectral cues. In this study, an analog of elevation perception was investigated by ...
Wollman Indiana I Institut Jean Le Rond d'Alembert, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, and UMR CNRS 7190, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, - - 2014
This paper investigated how auditory and vibrotactile feedback information is integrated within the context of violin quality evaluation. Fifteen violinists evaluated three violins on four criteria-"Rich Sound," "Loud and Powerful," "Alive and Responsive," and "Pleasure"-during a perceptual experiment. Violinists first evaluated the violins one at a time under three experimental ...
Luo Xin X Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, Purdue University, 500 Oval Drive, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 luo5@purdue.edu, - - 2014
Tone normalization has been observed in Mandarin listeners, who contrastively adjust tone recognition using context pitch cues. This study tested the effect of context duration on Mandarin tone normalization. The target tones varied from Tone 1 (high-flat) to Tone 2 (mid-rising). The preceding phrase was modified to have different durations ...
Yotani Kengo - - 2014
It is unclear whether response time is affected by a stimulus cue, such as a light turned on or off, or if there are differences in response to these cues during a muscle contraction task compared with a muscle relaxation task. The objective of this study was to assess the ...
Tekle Yonas I YI Spelman College, 350 Spelman Lane Southwest, Atlanta, GA 30314, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The majority of microbial eukaryotes have long been considered asexual, though new evidence indicates sex, or sexual-like (parasexual) behaviors that deviate from the usual union of two gametes, among other variant aspects. Over a dozen amoebozoans are implicated to have sexual stages. However, the exact mechanism by which sex occurs ...
Kaufmann Tobias T Department of Psychology I, University of Würzburg, Marcusstr. 9-11, 97070 Würzburg, Germany. Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Kirkeveien 166, 0450 Oslo, - - 2014
Objective. The speed of brain-computer interfaces (BCI), based on event-related potentials (ERP), is inherently limited by the commonly used one-stimulus paradigm. In this paper, we introduce a novel paradigm that can increase the spelling speed by a factor of 2, thereby extending the one-stimulus paradigm to a two-stimulus paradigm. Two ...
Vukmanic Eric E Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, 317 Life Sciences Bldg., University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, - - 2014
The d-wave is typically elicited after the termination of an increment flash, but a decrement flash provides an alternative, and perhaps more appropriate, stimulus to elicit the d-wave. Here, we investigated the affects of stimulus polarity on the electroretinogram (ERG) response. ERG responses elicited to increment and decrement flashes of ...
Lin Yandan - - 2014
To model discomfort glare from LED road lighting, the effect of four key variables on perceived glare was explored. These variables were: the average glare source luminance (L<sub>g</sub>), the background luminance (L<sub>b</sub>), the solid angle of the glare source from the perspective of the viewer (ω) and the angle between ...
Alius Manuela G MG Department of Biological and Clinical Psychology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, - - 2014
The blink reflex component of the startle response is potentiated during processing of exteroceptive unpleasant stimuli. In contrast, blink magnitudes are often inhibited during interoceptive challenges. We measured respiration, blink magnitudes, and the P3 component to the acoustic startle probes in 34 participants while breathing against a mild resistance (mask-with-tubing) ...
Langers Dave R M DR National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Nottingham Hearing Biomedical Research Unit, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK; Otology and Hearing group, Division of Clinical Neuroscience, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although a consensus is emerging in the literature regarding the tonotopic organisation of auditory cortex in humans, previous studies employed a vast array of different neuroimaging protocols. In the present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we made a systematic comparison between stimulus protocols involving jittered tone sequences with either ...
Stuart Andrew A Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) to chirp and click stimuli in neonates at a low level typically used in newborn hearing screening. It was hypothesized that ABR wave V amplitudes would be larger and would be obtained with fewer number of stimulus presentations ...
de Jong Maartje C MC Helmholtz Institute and - - 2014
The way we perceive the present visual environment is influenced by past visual experiences. Here we investigated the neural basis of such experience dependency. We repeatedly presented human observers with an ambiguous visual stimulus (structure-from-motion) that can give rise to two distinct perceptual interpretations. Past visual experience is known to ...
Robertson Caroline E CE 1 Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, NIMH, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA2 Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge CB2 8AH, UK - - 2014
Individuals with autism are often characterized as 'seeing the trees, but not the forest'-attuned to individual details in the visual world at the expense of the global percept they compose. Here, we tested the extent to which global processing deficits in autism reflect impairments in (i) primary visual processing; or ...
Rausch Manuel M Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany; Graduate School of Systemic Neurosciences, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Can participants make use of the large number of response alternatives of visual analogue scales (VAS) when reporting their subjective experience of motion? In a new paradigm, participants adjusted a comparison according to random dot kinematograms with the direction of motion varying between 0° and 360°. After each discrimination response, ...
Dzhelyova Milena - - 2014
The human brain is frequently exposed to individual faces across a wide range of different apparent sizes, often seen simultaneously (e.g., when facing a crowd). Here we used a sensitive and objective fast periodic visual stimulation approach while recording scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) to test the effect of size variation on ...
Lewis Dawna E - - 2014
This study examined children's ability to follow audio-visual instructions presented in noise and reverberation. Children (8-12 years) with normal hearing followed instructions in noise or noise plus reverberation. Performance was compared for a single talker (ST), multiple talkers (MT) and multiple talkers with competing comments (MTC). Working memory was assessed ...
Barry Robert J RJ Centre for Psychophysics, Psychophysiology, and Psychopharmacology, Brain & Behaviour Research Institute, and School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong NSW 2522, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined the occurrence of preferred EEG phase states at stimulus onset in an equiprobable auditory Go/NoGo task with a fixed interstimulus interval, and their effects on the resultant event-related potentials (ERPs). We used a sliding short-time FFT decomposition of the EEG at Cz for each trial to assess ...
Wu Jyh Ming - - 2014
We demonstrated a single microwire photodetector first made using VO2 microwire that exhibtedt high-responsivity (Rλ) and -external quantum efficiency (EQE) under varying light intensities. The VO2 nanowires/microwires were grown and attached on the surface of the SiO2/Si (100) substrate. The SiO2 layer can produce extremely low densities of long VO2 ...
Sofroniew Nicholas J NJ Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, Virginia - - 2014
During many natural behaviors the relevant sensory stimuli and motor outputs are difficult to quantify. Furthermore, the high dimensionality of the space of possible stimuli and movements compounds the problem of experimental control. Head fixation facilitates stimulus control and movement tracking, and can be combined with techniques for recording and ...
Raghunandan Avesh A Michigan College of Optometry, Ferris State University, Big Rapids, MI - 49307, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
When monocular Vernier targets are presented with binocular disparate elements, an increase in vertical separation elevates alignment thresholds and also shifts its perceived visual direction towards the visual direction of the binocular disparate surround. This observation has been termed binocular capture. There is increasing evidence that this shift in the ...
Varlet Manuel - - 2014
Every day, we visually coordinate our movements with environmental rhythms. Despite its ubiquity, it largely remains unclear why certain visual rhythms or stimuli facilitate such visuomotor coordination. The goal of the current study was to investigate whether the velocity profile of a rhythmic stimulus modulated the emergence and stability of ...
Tyler Richard - - 2014
Recent evidence has suggested that amplitude modulated tones might have some advantages over broadband noise. 56 subjects were required to listen to 'S-Tones' at a carrier frequency matched at the tinnitus pitch (amplitude modulation rate of 40 Hz) and to broadband noise. Subjects rated their tinnitus loudness before, during and ...
Welsh Timothy N TN Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Centre for Motor Control, University of Toronto, 55 Harbord Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 2W6, Canada, - - 2014
It is widely held that the spatial compatibility effect emerges because the irrelevant spatial dimension of the target stimulus activates a response simultaneous to the activation of a response to the relevant stimulus dimension. The non-target response facilitates response planning on compatible trials, but interferes with response planning on incompatible ...
Pfeiffer Carl C Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122, - - 2014
It is experimentally shown that bianisotropic metasurfaces allow for extreme polarization control of light with high performance. A metasurface providing asymmetric transmission (i.e., polarization conversion) of circularly polarized light is reported at a wavelength of 1.5  μm. The experimental transmittance and extinction ratio are 50% and 20:1, which represents an order ...
Reichenbach Tobias - - 2014
Most sounds of interest consist of complex, time-dependent admixtures of tones of diverse frequencies and variable amplitudes. To detect and process these signals, the ear employs a highly nonlinear, adaptive, real-time spectral analyzer: the cochlea. Sound excites vibration of the eardrum and the three miniscule bones of the middle ear, ...
Dzhafarov Ehtibar N EN Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, 703 Third Street, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA, - - 2014
Loosely derived from the sorites "paradox" attributed to the 4th century BCE Greek philosopher Eubulides, comparative soritical sequence of stimuli is defined as an enumeration of several stimuli, x 1, x 2, …, x n , such that, when these stimuli are presented pairwise, any two of them with consecutive ...
Ross Bernhard B University of Toronto - - 2014
When two tones with slightly different frequencies are presented to both ears, they interact in the central auditory system and induce the sensation of a beating sound. At low difference frequencies, we perceive a single sound, which is moving across the head between the left and right ears. The percept ...
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