Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 937
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Covey Dana C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The posterior cruciate ligament has been described as being composed of 2 bands that reciprocally tighten and loosen with knee flexion, but the fiber anatomy and behavior may be more complex. HYPOTHESIS: The mechanical effects of defined loading conditions at discrete knee joint angles can vary significantly within the ...
Lorenceau Elise - - 2004
We study experimentally the dynamics of drops impacting horizontal fibers and characterize the ability of these objects to capture the drops. We first show that a drop larger than a critical radius cannot be trapped by a fiber whatever its velocity. We determine this critical size as a function of ...
Chertoff Mark E - - 2004
The convolution of an equation representing a summed post-stimulus time histogram computed across auditory nerve fibers [P(t)] with an equation representing a single-unit wave form [U(t)], resulted in an analytic expression for the compound action potential (CAP). The solution was fit to CAPs recorded to low and high frequency stimuli ...
Zhao Donghui - - 2004
The curvature- or bend-sensing response of long-period gratings (LPGs) UV inscribed in D-shaped fiber has been investigated experimentally. Strong fiber-orientation dependence of the spectral response when such LPGs are subjected to bending at different directions has been observed and is shown to form the basis for a new class of ...
Holzapfel G A - - 2005
The mechanical behavior of the entire anulus fibrosus is determined essentially by the tensile properties of its lamellae, their fiber orientations, and the regional variation of these quantities. Corresponding data are rare in the literature. The paper deals with an in vitro study of single lamellar anulus lamellae and aims ...
Klump G M - - 2004
In addition to spectral call components, temporal patterns in the advertisement-call envelope of green treefrog males ( Hyla cinerea) provide important cues for female mate choice. Rapid amplitude modulation (AM) with rates of 250-300 Hz is typical for this species' advertisement calls. Here we report data on the encoding of ...
Guthold M M Department of Physics, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27109, USA. - - 2004
We report protocols and techniques to image and mechanically manipulate individual fibrin fibers, which are key structural components of blood clots. Using atomic force microscopy-based lateral force manipulations we determined the rupture force, FR, f fibrin fibers as a function of their diameter, D, in ambient conditions. As expected, the ...
Taberner Annette M - - 2005
The availability of transgenic and mutant lines makes the mouse a valuable model for study of the inner ear, and a powerful window into cochlear function can be obtained by recordings from single auditory nerve (AN) fibers. This study provides the first systematic description of spontaneous and sound-evoked discharge properties ...
Wang Ruyong - - 2004
Experiments were conducted to study light propagation in a light waveguide loop consisting of linearly and circularly moving segments. We found that any segment of the loop contributes to the total phase difference between two counterpropagating light beams in the loop. The contribution is proportional to a product of the ...
Coop Allan D - - 2004
We employ computer simulations to explore the effect of different temporal patterns of afferent impulses on the evoked discharge of a model cerebellar Purkinje cell. We show that the frequency and temporal correlation of impulses across afferent fibers determines which of four regimes of discharge activity is evoked. In the ...
Lu Z - - 2004
It is unknown whether the fish utricle contributes to directional hearing. Here, we report response properties of single utricular fibers in a teleost fish ( Dormitator latifrons) to linear accelerations at various stimulus frequencies and axes. Characteristic frequencies ranged from < or =50-400 Hz (median=80 Hz), and best frequencies shifted ...
Lin Tai - - 2004
Although many properties of click responses can be accounted for by a single, frequency-dispersive traveling wave exciting a single, characteristic-frequency (CF) resonance, some properties, such as waxing and waning cannot. Joint time-frequency distributions (TFDs) were used to help understand click responses of cat single auditory-nerve (AN) fibers (CFs<4 kHz) and ...
Lassila Lippo V J - - 2004
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the position of the fiber rich layer on the flexural properties of fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) construction. In addition, the total residual monomer content of FRC was quantitatively determined to find out the difference of the effectiveness of two types ...
Slugg Robert M - - 2004
The peripheral neural mechanism of pain to mechanical stimuli remains elusive. C-fiber nociceptors do not appear to play a major role in mechanical pain sensation, because the stimulus-response function of mechanically sensitive C-fiber nociceptors to punctate mechanical stimuli applied to the most sensitive region in the receptive field (the hot ...
Yasui Takeshi - - 2004
Based on the reflection-type polarization measurement of second-harmonic-generation (SHG) light induced by collagen molecules, we are able to determine the collagen fiber orientation in human tissues taken from a cadaver. The resulting SHG radar graph shows the direction of the absolute orientation and the degree of organization of collagen fibers. ...
Schlegel T - - 2004
Although cutaneous C-fiber nociceptors show dramatic inflammatory sensitization to heat, they do not appear to get sensitized to the mechanical stimulation by von Frey hairs. We employed force-controlled punctate electromechanical stimulation to receptive fields of 61 characterized C-fibers in the isolated rat skin-saphenous nerve preparation. In general: low-in contrast to ...
Eles Philip T - - 2004
Using DECODER (direction exchange with correlation for orientation distribution evaluation and reconstruction) NMR, we probe the orientations of carbonyl carbons in [1-(13)C]glycine-labeled dragline silk under conditions of varying strain and fiber draw rate. A model-specific reconstruction of the molecular orientation distribution incorporating beta sheets and polyglycine II helices indicates that ...
Takiura Koki - - 2004
Cavitation on mechanical heart valves (MHVs) could cause the mechanical failure of the occluder. A simple and reliable in vitro test method to evaluate cavitation potential must be developed. The bubble implosion damages the MHV material; thus, observing the behavior of the bubble implosion is essential. According to sonoluminescence, the ...
Pokorny Joel - - 2004
This report describes a second-generation photostimulator with four primary lights that allows independent control of the stimulation of the four receptor types in the human eye. The new design uses LEDs (with light levels controlled by eight drivers that include voltage-to-frequency converters that provide 1-micros pulses at frequencies up to ...
Ulusoy Ilkay - - 2004
This study is an extension of the experimental research of Nalçaci et al., who presented 16 subjects with a reversal of checkerboard pattern as stimuli in the right visual field or left visual field and recorded EEG at O1, O2, P3, and P4. They applied the chosen bandpass filters (4-8, ...
Hundertmark Holger - - 2004
We report on the measurement of an Erbium-fiber oscillator's carrier-envelope-offset frequency using an extruded SF6 photonic crystal fiber for the generation of a more than two octave-spanning supercontinuum from 400 nm to beyond 1750 nm. A modified type of f-2f-interferometer was employed, beating the frequency doubled input signal of the ...
Zalewska E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of these modeling studies on the generation of motor unit potentials (MUPs) was to establish the influence of MU parameters and recording conditions on the shape irregularity of MUPs. The focus was on the dependence of the irregularity of MUPs on fiber density, fiber diameters and the ...
Yasui Takeshi - - 2004
We have proposed an optical probe that can be used to characterize the orientation of collagen fibers in human dermis. A specific probing ability for collagen results from the use of second-harmonic-generation (SHG) light induced by collagen molecules in the tissue. Based on the concept of collagen SHG light, a ...
Gemballa Sven - - 2004
Experimental studies indicated that myomeres play several functional roles during swimming. Some of the functions in question are thought to change rostrocaudally, e.g., anterior myomeres are thought to generate forces, whereas posterior myomeres are thought to transmit forces. In order to determine whether these putative functions are reflected in myoseptal ...
Bandyopadhyay Sharba - - 2004
Previous studies of the neural representation of speech assumed some form of neural code, usually discharge rate or phase locking, for the representation. In the present study, responses to five synthesized CVC_CV (e.g., /dad_da/) utterances have been examined using information-theoretic distance measures [or Kullback-Leibler (KL) distance] that are independent of ...
Harada Keita - - 2004
To understand the molecular function of troponin T (TnT) in the Ca(2+) regulation of muscle contraction as well as the molecular pathogenesis of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC), eight FHC-linked TnT mutations, which are located in different functional regions of human cardiac TnT (HCTnT), were produced, and their structural and functional ...
Güçlü Burak - - 2004
The goal of this study is to establish a link between somatosensory physiology and psychophysics at the probabilistic level. The model for a population of monkey rapidly adapting (RA) mechanoreceptive fibers by Güçlü and Bolanowski (2002) was used to study the probability of stimulus detection when a 40 Hz sinusoidal ...
Kuszak Jer R - - 2004
Cylindrical map projections (CMPs) have been used for centuries as an effective means of plotting the features of a 3D spheroidal surfaces (e.g. the earth) on a 2D rectangular map. We have used CMPs to plot primate fiber cell organization from selected growth shells as a function of growth, development ...
Mino Hiroyuki - - 2004
This paper presents an analysis of the effects of the electrode-to-fiber distance on the temporal response properties of an auditory nerve fiber stimulated by electric current pulses. This analysis was based upon results from a computational model of a mammalian auditory nerve fiber axon having 50 nodes of Ranvier, each ...
Osaki S - - 2004
The orientation and distribution of collagen fibers were studied in leather prepared from cobra skin using both the mechanical method and Osaki's microwave method. The degree of preferred collagen-fiber orientation was largest at the centre of the dorsum and decreased gradually from the dorsum to the abdomen. The collagen fibers ...
Wortmann F-J - - 2004
Hair shine or luster is perceived as an important, though analytically somewhat elusive, attribute of beauty, primarily associated with clean and healthy hair. Principles for the assessment of hair luster are developed that are consistent with the practical situation. These principles are related to the components of light, specularly and ...
McMullen R - - 2004
Details of the specular reflection of curved hair tresses, resulting from illumination with a collimated incident light source, were examined both qualitatively and quantitatively using high-resolution photography and image analysis. The reflections were found to consist of a multitude of light dots aligned with the fibers and typically separated by ...
Keis K - - 2004
One of the most desirable hair attributes to consumers, irrespective of ethnic background, is hair shine. The light reflected from a fiber has two components, specular and diffuse. The specular fraction of reflected light from the front surface of the fiber is generally recognized as a contributor to high luster. ...
Atkins Shimie - - 2003
We present an experimental demonstration of the evolution of localization in frequency of light pulses that are repeatedly kicked by phase modulation and then propagated along equally spaced lengths of fiber with weak dispersion. The experiment was performed with a long fiber recirculating loop that allows us to follow the ...
Lu Z - - 2003
Auditory and vestibular functions of otolithic organs vary among vertebrate taxa. The saccule has been considered a major hearing organ in many fishes. However, little is known about the auditory role of the lagena in fishes. In this study we analyzed directional and frequency responses from single lagenar fibers of ...
Heinz Michael G MG Center for Hearing Sciences and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. - - 2004
People with sensorineural hearing loss are often constrained by a reduced acoustic dynamic range associated with loudness recruitment; however, the neural correlates of loudness and recruitment are still not well understood. The growth of auditory-nerve (AN) activity with sound level was compared in normal-hearing cats and in cats with a ...
Colburn H Steven - - 2003
An analytical approach for quantifying the information in auditory-nerve (AN) fiber responses for the task of level discrimination is described. A simple analytical model for ANT responses is extended to include temporal response properties, including the nonlinear-phase effects of the cochlear amplifier. Use of simple analytical models for AN discharge ...
Sperling Leonard C - - 2003
The mechanism causing the tiger tail phenomenon in trichothiodystrophy (alternating light and dark banding of hair shafts when examined with polarized light) has yet to be explained with certainty. However, we propose a simple and easily tested hypothesis to explain its striking aspect. Although the hair shafts we obtained from ...
Mendelson Neil H - - 2003
Bacterial macrofibers twist as they grow, writhe, supercoil and wind up into plectonemic structures (helical forms the individual filaments of which cannot be taken apart without unwinding) that eventually carry loops at both of their ends. Terminal loops rotate about the axis of a fiber's shaft in contrary directions at ...
Houck Max M - - 2003
The foreign textile fibers recovered from one item of evidence from each of 20 unrelated crimes in three categories (bank robbery, kidnapping, and homicide) were cross-compared. The items of evidence were scraped to remove the trace evidence and a sample of the collected fibers was examined using a standard scheme ...
Detamore Michael S - - 2003
Despite the significant morbidity associated with the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), little is known about the pathophysiology of this complex joint. TMJ disc degeneration plays a central role in the progression of TMJ disorders, and therefore disc regeneration would be a crucial treatment modality. Unfortunately, scarce information about the structural and ...
Adachi T - - 2003
In adaptive bone remodeling, mechanical signals such as stress/strain caused by loading/deformation are believed to play important roles as regulators of the process in which osteoclastic resorption and osteoblastic formation are coordinated under a local mechanical environment. The mechanism by which cells sense and transduce mechanical signals to the intracellular ...
Amelink Arjen - - 2003
We report on the development of an optical-fiber-based diagnostic tool that is sensitive to single-scattering events close to the fiber-optic probe tip. By using a single fiber to deliver and detect white light we optimised the detection probability of singly scattered photons from small depths. The sampling depth of this ...
Mello M L S - - 2003
Changes in the macromolecular orientation and metachromasy of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) in newly synthesized and assembled collagen fibers in rat Achilles tendon after tendon excision were investigated in toluidine blue (TB)-stained preparations, based in the selective absorption of polarized light (= linear dichroism, LD) and of absorption of unpolarized light in ...
Wortmann F-J - - 2003
The consumer may repeatedly over the day apply intensive grooming procedures to maintain and improve hair appearance. Among these, brushing and combing are responsible for changes if not damage to the hair fiber surface. Beneficial or unfavorable changes to the hair surface may furthermore result from any cosmetic treatment. The ...
Debski Richard E - - 2003
Instability of the glenohumeral joint can be associated with anteroinferior capsulolabral rupture. To understand its static stabilizing effect better, the collagen fiber orientation of the inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL), a component of the anteroinferior capsulolabrum, was studied with a small angle light scattering technique. Three rectangular samples (approximately 11 x ...
Mahns David A - - 2003
Peripheral tactile neural mechanisms in the forepaw of the echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus, from the order Monotremata) were investigated to establish the extent of correspondence or divergence that has emerged over the widely different evolutionary paths taken by monotreme and placental mammals. Electrophysiological recordings were made in anesthetized echidnas from 29 ...
Hentall Ian D - - 2003
In the spinal cord, the monoamine neurotransmitter norepinephrine, which is released mainly from fibers descending from the dorsal pons, has major modulatory effects on nociception and locomotor rhythms. To map the spatial and temporal patterns of this release, changes in monoamine level were examined in laminae I-VIII of lumbar segments ...
DiCaprio Ralph A - - 2003
The proprioceptor that signals the position and movement of the first joint of crustacean legs provides an excellent system for investigating information processing and transmission in neurons that function in a graded (nonspiking) manner in the context of a simple motor system. The thoracic-coxal muscle receptor organ (TCMRO) spans the ...
Tanner K D - - 2003
It is known that the level of activity in nociceptive primary afferent nerve fibers increases in neuropathic conditions that produce pain, but changes in the temporal patterning of action potentials have not been analyzed in any detail. Because the patterning of action potentials in sensory nerve fibers might play a ...
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