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New Shaun Td - - 2012
The Australian sleepy lizard (Tiliqua rugosa) is a large day-active skink which occupies stable overlapping home ranges and maintains long-term monogamous relationships. Its behavioral ecology has been extensively studied, making the sleepy lizard an ideal model for investigation of the lizard visual system and its specializations, for which relatively little ...
Bertucci Frédéric - - 2012
While acoustic communication has been described in adults of various fish species, our knowledge about the ontogeny of fish sound production is limited. In adults, sound signals are known to be involved during aggressive interactions. However, aggressive behaviour may appear early in the life of fishes due to the possible ...
Mueller Alexandra S - - 2012
Inexperience is one of the strongest predictors for collisions, but it remains unclear how novice drivers differ from experienced drivers in terms of safety-related behavioural adaptations such as speed reduction in the presence of reduced visibility. To investigate the influence of driving experience on behavioural compensations to fog, average speed, ...
Ghysen Alain - - 2012
The posterior lateral line system (PLL) of teleost fish comprises a number of mechanosensory organs arranged in defined patterns on the body surface. Embryonic patterns are largely conserved among teleosts, yet adult patterns are highly diverse. Although changes in pattern modify the perceptual abilities of the system, their developmental origin ...
Ahlstrom Christer - - 2012
Snow was falling heavily when Sarah was driving on a slippery road to her cousin's country cottage. It was dark outside, and the visibility was poor. She had planned to arrive before sunset, but the rental service had made a mistake, and it took hours before she got her rental ...
Gómez-Laplaza Luis M - - 2012
Human infants and non-human animals can discriminate the larger of two sets of discrete items. This quantity discrimination may be based upon the number of items, or upon non-numerical variables of the sets that co-vary with number. We have demonstrated that angelfish select the larger of two shoals of conspecifics ...
Engert Florian - - 2012
One of the large remaining challenges in the field of zebrafish neuroscience is the establishment of techniques and preparations that permit the recording and perturbation of neural activity in animals that can interact meaningfully with the environment. Since it is very difficult to do this in freely behaving zebrafish, I ...
Strona Giovanni - - 2012
Although fish range sizes are expected to be associated with species dispersal ability, several studies failed to find a clear relationship between range size and duration of larval stage as a measure of dispersal potential. We investigated how six characteristics of the adult phase of fishes (maximum body length, growth ...
Hafner Noah N Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA. - - 2012
This paper presents the first reported use of Doppler radar to remotely sense heart and ventilation rates of fish. The Radar reported 35 to 40 BPM heart rate and 115 to 145 BPM ventilation rates for Siberian Sturgeon, with agreement from a video reference. Conventional fish vital signs measurements require ...
Campbell Stuart J - - 2012
The effectiveness of marine protected areas depends largely on whether people comply with the rules. We quantified temporal changes in benthic composition, reef fish biomass, and fishing effort among marine park zones (including no-take areas) to assess levels of compliance following the 2005 rezoning of the government-controlled Karimunjawa National Park ...
Colleye Orphal - - 2012
Clownfishes (Pomacentridae) are brightly colored coral reef fishes well known for their mutualistic symbiosis with tropical sea anemones. These fishes live in social groups in which there is a size-based dominance hierarchy. In this structure where sex is socially controlled, agonistic interactions are numerous and serve to maintain size differences ...
Selassie David - - 2011
The node-link diagram is an intuitive and venerable way to depict a graph. To reduce clutter and improve the readability of node-link views, Holten & van Wijk's force-directed edge bundling employs a physical simulation to spatially group graph edges. While both useful and aesthetic, this technique has shortcomings: it bundles ...
Donovan Graham M - - 2011
The idea that the apparently random motion of T cells in lymph nodes is a result of movement on a reticular network (RN) has received support from dynamic imaging experiments and theoretical studies. We present a mathematical representation of the RN consisting of edges connecting vertices that are randomly distributed ...
Seo Tae Hoon - - 2011
We report GaN-based near ultraviolet (UV) light emitting diode (LED) that combines indium tin oxide (ITO) nanodot nodes with two-dimensional graphene film as a UV-transparent current spreading electrode (TCSE) to give rise to excellent UV emission efficiency. The light output power of 380 nm emitting UV-LEDs with graphene film on ...
Hunt Linda J - - 2011
While the vast majority of offensive and defensive ice hockey players prefer composite sticks over wood, a majority of goalies prefer wood sticks over composite. To investigate this goalie preference, experimental modal analysis was performed for one wood and two composite goalie sticks in order to extract mode shapes, frequencies, ...
Reiss Lina A J LA Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, The University of Iowa, USA. - - 2011
Recent studies suggest that pitch perceived through cochlear implants (CIs) changes with experience to minimize spectral mismatches between electric and acoustic hearing. This study aimed to test whether perceived spectral mismatches are similarly minimized between two electric inputs. Pitch perception was studied in a subject with a 10-mm CI in ...
Hihn J-Y - - 2011
The knowledge of respective parts of convection and cavitation to the stirring induced by ultrasound at one exact position into a sonoreactor is useful for all processes implementing surfaces exposed to sonication. PIV measurement allows real fluid motion determination, whereas the electrochemical technique gives an equivalent flow velocity considered as ...
Volkov Alexander G - - 2011
The biological clock regulates a wide range of physiological processes in plants. Here we show circadian variation of the Clivia miniata responses to electrical stimulation. The biologically closed electrochemical circuits in the leaves of C. miniata (Kaffir lily), which regulate its physiology, were analyzed in vivo using the charge stimulation ...
Brigo Francesco - - 2011
During motor seizures myogenic artifacts may appear on ECG. We report a patient with recurring convulsive seizures involving left side of his body in whom ECG served as a surrogate of electromyography (EMG), showing myogenic artifacts strongly correlated with clonic jerks. The possibility of standard ECG of recording myogenic potentials ...
Sha Yong - - 2011
Right Vagal Stimulation Suppresses Atrial Fibrillation. Introduction: We sought to extend the use of low-level vagal stimulation by applying it only to the right vagus nerve (LL-RVS) to suppress atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: In 10 pentobarbital anesthetized dogs, LL-RVS (20 Hz, 0.1 ms pulse width) was delivered to the right ...
Shishkin Sergei L - - 2011
In the standard design of the brain-computer interfaces (BCI) based on the P300 component of the event-related potentials (ERP), target and non-target stimuli are presented at fixed positions in a motionless matrix. Can we let this matrix be moving (e.g., if attached to a robot) without loosing the efficiency of ...
Tai Qidong - - 2011
Highly uniform and transparent Polyaniline (PANI) electrodes that can be used as counter electrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were prepared by a facile in situ polymerization method. They were used to fabricate a novel bifacially-active transparent DSSC, which showed conversion efficiencies of 6.54% and 4.26% corresponding to front- and ...
Boehm Stephan G - - 2011
Event-related potential studies have identified the N170 as the key neurophysiological marker of human face processing. This functional association relies on the observation of a larger N170 amplitude to faces than items from all other visual object categories. However, N170 amplitude is modulated by stimulus variations like viewpoint, size and ...
Castaldelli Evandro - - 2011
This naphthalene diimide derivative, DC18, forms highly conjugated semiconducting stacked assemblies over electrodes after electrochemical conditioning. These molecular materials are very efficient towards electrochemical photoreduction of oxygen under visible light.
Park Jin-Hong - - 2011
In this work, suppression of the dark current level in a metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) photodetector fabricated on the intrinsic (i) Ge is achieved by exploiting (1) the Er electrode, providing a relatively high hole barrier, and (2) the concept of asymmetric electrode area, to minimize the Schottky barrier height lowering effect. ...
Mellow Tessa B - - 2011
This study aimed to investigate the within-participant variability over time of both amplitude and peak latency measures of pattern reversal visual evoked potentials (pVEPs). As a large number of factors are known to contribute to the variability of the pVEPs (such as fixation instability and drowsiness), testing was conducted in ...
Azevedo Anthony W AW Department of Physiology and Biophysics and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, - - 2011
Vision in dim light, when photons are scarce, requires reliable signaling of the arrival of single photons. Rod photoreceptors accomplish this task through the use of a G-protein-coupled transduction cascade that amplifies the activity of single active rhodopsin molecules. This process is one of the best understood signaling cascades in ...
Marozas Vaidotas - - 2011
The goal of this study was to compare disposable silver/silver chloride and reusable conductive textile-based electrodes in electrocardiogram (ECG) signal monitoring during physical activity. The reusable electrodes were produced using thin silver-plated nylon 117/17 2-ply conductive thread (Statex Productions & Vertriebs GmbH, Bremen, Germany) sewed with a sewing machine on ...
Jin Hee-Suk - - 2011
We have investigated electrical properties of vertical type organic transistor using dimethyldicyanoquinonediimine (DMDCNQI) as a n-type active layer. And also, the contact resistance Ro for charge injection from a metal electrode to an organic semiconductor layer was studied by transfer line method. The radiance of organic light emitting transistor (OLET) ...
Sommer Peter - - 2011
Chemically-induced quantitative sudomotor axon reflex test (QSART) and quantitative sensory testing (QST) are established clinical tools to assess thin fiber function in humans. We investigated stimulus-response functions to transcutaneous electrical stimuli of different current intensity (3.75 to 10mA) and pulse frequency (5 to 100Hz) comparing sweat output (ml/h/m(2)) and pain ...
Binns A M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between stimulus intensity and response amplitude for the photopic negative response (PhNR) of the flash ERG. Specific aims were (i) to determine whether a generalized Naka-Rushton function provided a good fit to the intensity-response data and (ii) to determine the ...
Szuts Tobi A - - 2011
Conventional neural recording systems restrict behavioral experiments to a flat indoor environment compatible with the cable that tethers the subject to recording instruments. To overcome these constraints, we developed a wireless multi-channel system for recording neural signals from rats. The device takes up to 64 voltage signals from implanted electrodes, ...
Usami Shin-Ichi - - 2011
With full insertion with a long electrode, hearing preservation can be achieved even in the presence of a long electrode covering the residual hearing region. Advances in developing new atraumatic concepts of electrode design as well as surgical technique have enabled hearing preservation after cochlear implantation surgery, and EAS (electric ...
Geng Bo - - 2011
Consistency is one of the most important concerns to convey stable artificially induced sensory feedback. However, the constancy of perceived sensations cannot be guaranteed, as the artificially evoked sensation is a function of the interaction of stimulation parameters. The hypothesis of this study is that the selected stimulation parameters in ...
Dolph Patrick - - 2011
Analysis of visual physiology in Drosophila photoreceptors has been central to understanding a number of important areas of modern biology, including the G-protein-coupled receptor cycle, phosphoinositide signaling, and calcium signaling. Analysis of photoreceptor performance and synaptic transmission are areas of neurobiology that have been studied using Drosophila photoreceptors as a ...
Pearson H W - - 2011
This study investigated the potential of laboratory- scale columns of immobilized micro-algae to disinfect effluents using thermo-tolerant coliforms (TTC) as a model system. Cells of a Chlorella species isolated from a waste stabilization pond complex in Northeast Brazil were immobilized in calcium alginate, packed into glass columns and incubated in ...
Matyba Piotr - - 2011
We report flexible and metal-free light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs) using exclusively solution-processed organic materials and illustrate interesting design opportunities offered by such conformable devices with transparent electrodes. Flexible LEC devices based on chemically derived graphene (CDG) as the cathode and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) mixed with poly(styrenesulfonate) as the anode exhibit a low ...
Garadat Soha N SN Kresge Hearing Research Institute, Department of Otolaryngology, University of Michigan, 1150 West Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 49109-5616, - - 2011
Gap detection threshold (GDT) is a commonly used measure of temporal acuity in cochlear-implant (CI) recipients. This measure, like other measures of temporal acuity, shows considerable variation across subjects and also varies across stimulation sites within subjects. The aims of this study were (1) to determine whether across-site variation in ...
Panagiotides Heracles - - 2011
To determine if behavioral states are associated with unique spatial electrocorticographic (ECoG) patterns, we obtained recordings with a microgrid electrode array applied to the cortical surface of a human subject. The array was constructed with the intent of extracting maximal spatial information by optimizing interelectrode distances. A 34-year-old patient with ...
Schatz A - - 2011
Contact lens electrodes (CLEs) are frequently used to register electroretinograms (ERGs) in small animals such as mice or rats. CLEs are expensive to buy or difficult to be produced individually. In addition, CLE's have been noticed to elicit inconstant results and they carry potential to injure the cornea. Therefore, a ...
Coombs Sheryl - - 2010
In goldfish and other otophysans, the Weberian ossicles mechanically link the saccule of the inner ear to the anterior swimbladder chamber (ASB). These structures are correlated with enhanced sound-pressure sensitivity and greater sensitivity at high frequencies (600-2000 Hz). However, surprisingly little is known about the potential impact of the ASB ...
Temchin Andrei N AN Hugh Knowles Center (Dept. of Communication Sciences and Disorders), Northwestern University, 2240 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208-3550, United - - 2011
Links between frequency tuning and timing were explored in the responses to sound of auditory-nerve fibers. Synthetic transfer functions were constructed by combining filter functions, derived via minimum-phase computations from average frequency-threshold tuning curves of chinchilla auditory-nerve fibers with high spontaneous activity (Temchin et al., 2008), and signal-front delays specified ...
Liu Hairong - - 2010
Hollow metallic fibers (HMFs) are in general lossy primarily owing to the fact that the guided transverse-magnetic (TM) light sustains a relatively high propagation loss. In this paper, we propose a type of practical hollow-core metallic fiber (HMF) with longitudinally corrugated inner surface for transmitting infrared (IR) light. Simulation results ...
Yeromonahos C - - 2010
The nanostructure of the fibrin fibers in fibrin clots is investigated by using spectrometry and small angle x-ray scattering measurements. First, an autocoherent analysis of the visible light spectra transmitted through formed clots is demonstrated to provide robust measurements of both the radius and density of the fibrin fibers. This ...
Takeuchi Akihiro - - 2010
Serious accidents during hemodialysis such as an undetected large amount of blood loss are often caused by venous needle dislodgement. A special plastic optical fiber with a low refractive index was developed for monitoring leakage in oil pipelines and in other industrial fields. To apply optical fiber as a bleeding ...
Holliday Casey M - - 2010
Although the mandibular symphysis is a functionally and evolutionarily important feature of the vertebrate skull, little is known about the soft-tissue morphology of the joint in squamate reptiles. Lizards evolved a diversity of skull shapes and feeding behaviors, thus it is expected that the morphology of the symphysis will correspond ...
Grgić Jure - - 2010
Light traversing a hollow-core photonic band-gap fiber may experience multiple reflections and thereby a slow-down and enhanced optical path length. This offers a technologically interesting way of increasing the optical absorption of an otherwise weakly absorbing material which can infiltrate the fibre. However, in contrast to structures with a refractive ...
Kale Sushrut S Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering, Purdue University, 500 Oval Drive, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. - - 2010
Recent perceptual studies suggest that listeners with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) have a reduced ability to use temporal fine-structure cues, whereas the effects of SNHL on temporal envelope cues are generally thought to be minimal. Several perceptual studies suggest that envelope coding may actually be enhanced following SNHL and that ...
Torres-Company Victor - - 2010
The second-order correlation function of incoherent light, which is usually measured in the time domain, can be alternatively measured in the frequency domain. Here, we use an all-optical technique in a highly nonlinear fiber for measuring the full spectrum of the fluctuations of the photocurrent (rf spectrum) generated by broadband ...
Carlyon Robert P RP MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB1 3DA, United - - 2010
Three experiments studied the effect of pulse rate on temporal pitch perception by cochlear implant users. Experiment 1 measured rate discrimination for pulse trains presented in bipolar mode to either an apical, middle, or basal electrode and for standard rates of 100 and 200 pps. In each block of trials ...
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