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Pagnussat Natália - - 2013
Abstract Zebrafish has been increasingly used in behavioral studies, but data can present high variability. Most studies have been performed using isolated zebrafish, despite their interactive nature and shoaling behavior. We compared adult zebrafish behavior and cortisol levels after exposure to novelty as well as sensitivity to Pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures ...
Izvekov Evgeny I - - 2013
For the first time, behavioural lateralisation was shown in a chondrostean fish (sterlet sturgeon Acipenser ruthenus). A significant directional bias was found in young A. ruthenus swimming along a circular swimway. This laterality manifested itself as an individual preference for a certain movement direction (either clockwise or counterclockwise) which was ...
Gibb Alice C - - 2013
Moving on land versus in water imposes dramatically different requirements on the musculoskeletal system. Although many limbed vertebrates, such as salamanders and prehistoric tetrapodomorphs, have an axial system specialized for aquatic locomotion and an appendicular system adapted for terrestrial locomotion, diverse extant teleosts use the axial musculoskeletal system (body plus ...
Polverino Giovanni - - 2013
In this study, we explore the feasibility of using bioinspired robotics to influence the behaviour of mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis), a social freshwater fish species that is extensively studied for the ecological issues associated with its diffusion in non-native environments. Specifically, in a dichotomous choice test, we investigate the behavioural response ...
Fu Cheng - - 2013
In nature, the caudal fins of fish species are frequently lost to some extent by aggressive behaviour, predation and diseases. To test whether the swimming performance of fish with different swimming capacities would be differentially affected due to caudal fin loss and regeneration, we investigated the critical swimming speed (Ucrit), ...
Popper Arthur N - - 2013
Hearing thresholds for three pairs of 1 m long Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis) were measured utilizing operant conditioning procedure with a food reward and a staircase psychophysical technique. Fish, swimming at 1-4 m/s, quickly learned to approach the feed when they heard a sound. Measurements were made at the ...
Au Whitlow - - 2013
Dolphins that emit whistle signals (except for sperm whales) project short broad- band biosonar clicks containing about 5 to 7 cycles with exponential decaying envelope and Q (center frequency over bandwidth) between 2 and 3. The broadband nature of the biosonar clicks allow for good temporal resolution of echo highlights, ...
Sabbah Shai - - 2013
Polarization sensitivity (PS) in vertebrate vision is controversial, perhaps because its underlying mechanism has remained obscure. An issue that might have added to the controversy is that rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), which have served as the primary model system for polarization-based orientation, lose their ability to orient relative to celestial ...
Lu Zhongmin Z Department of Biology, University of Miami, 1301 Memorial Drive, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA. - - 2013
The zebrafish (Danio rerio) has become a valuable vertebrate model for human hearing and balance disorders because it combines powerful genetics, excellent embryology, and exceptional in vivo visualization in one organism. In this study, we investigated auditory function of zebrafish at early developmental stages using the microphonic potential method. This ...
Souza Kleisson S - - 2013
<p id="para1">The present study was based on the analysis of spraints (n = 294) collected between December 2005 and November 2007. The importance of each type of prey was determined by absolute and relative frequency. Niche breadth was also estimated. The results were reported as mean (± SD) of relative ...
Borazjani Iman I Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA. - - 2013
The tail (caudal fin) is one of the most prominent characteristics of fishes, and the analysis of the flow pattern it creates is fundamental to understanding how its motion generates locomotor forces. A mechanism that is known to greatly enhance locomotor forces in insect and bird flight is the leading ...
Sabbah Shai - - 2013
Humans use three cone photoreceptor classes for colour vision, yet many birds, reptiles and shallow-water fish are tetrachromatic and use four cone classes. Screening pigments, that narrow the spectrum of photoreceptors in birds and diurnal reptiles, render visual systems with four cone classes more efficient. To date, however, the question ...
Layman Craig A - - 2013
Biogeochemical hotspots can be driven by aggregations of animals, via excretion, that provide a concentrated source of limiting nutrients for primary producers. In a subtropical seagrass ecosystem, we characterized thresholds of ecological change associated with such hotspots surrounding artificial reef habitats. We deployed reefs of three sizes to aggregate fishes ...
BaršienÄ— Janina - - 2013
In the framework of the ICON project, environmental genotoxicity and cytotoxicity levels were assessed in blood erythrocytes of dab (Limanda limanda) and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) collected at 25 stations in the North Sea and near the coast of Iceland in August-October 2008. Micronuclei, nuclear buds and bi-nucleated cells with nucleoplasmic ...
Kopman Vladislav V Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Six MetroTech Center, Brooklyn, NY 11201, - - 2013
In this paper, we study the response of zebrafish to a robotic-fish whose morphology and colour pattern are inspired by zebrafish. Experiments are conducted in a three-chambered instrumented water tank where a robotic-fish is juxtaposed with an empty compartment, and the preference of live subjects is scored as the mean ...
Hammar Linus L Department of Energy and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, - - 2013
Hydrokinetic turbines, targeting the kinetic energy of fast-flowing currents, are under development with some turbines already deployed at ocean sites around the world. It remains virtually unknown as to how these technologies affect fish, and rotor collisions have been postulated as a major concern. In this study the effects of ...
Butail Sachit - - 2013
In this work, we explore the feasibility of regulating the collective behavior of zebrafish with a free-swimming robotic fish. The visual cues elicited by the robot are inspired by salient features of attraction in zebrafish and include enhanced coloration, aspect ratio of a fertile female, and carangiform/subcarangiform locomotion. The robot ...
Schirmer Annett A Department of Psychology, National University of Singapore Singapore, Singapore ; Duke/NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore, Singapore ; LSI Neurobiology/Ageing Programme, National University of Singapore Singapore, - - 2013
Being groomed or touched can counter stress and negative affect in mammals. In two experiments we explored whether a similar phenomenon exists in non-mammals like zebrafish. In Experiment 1, we exposed zebrafish to a natural stressor, a chemical alarm signal released by injured conspecifics. Before moving them into an observation ...
Shcherbakov Denis - - 2013
Near-infrared (NIR) light constitutes an integrated part of solar radiation. The principal ability to sense NIR under laboratory conditions has previously been demonstrated in fish. The availability of NIR in aquatic habitats, and thus its potential use as a cue for distinct behaviors such as orientation and detection of prey, ...
Polverino Giovanni - - 2013
The possibility of integrating bioinspired robots in groups of live social animals may constitute a valuable tool to study the basis of social behavior and uncover the fundamental determinants of animal functions and dysfunctions. In this study, we investigate the interactions between individual golden shiners (Notemigonus crysoleucas) and robotic fish ...
Gómez-Laplaza Luis M LM Department of Psychology, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, - - 2013
Although some fish species have been shown to be able to discriminate between two groups (shoals) of conspecifics differing in the number of members, most studies have not controlled for continuous variables that covary with number. Previously, using angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare) we started the systematic analysis of the potential influence ...
Schmidtke Daniel - - 2013
In the 1970s, Tavolga conducted a series of experiments in which he found behavioral evidence that the vocalizations of the catfish species Ariopsis felis may play a role in a coarse form of echolocation. Based on his findings, he postulated a similar function for the calls of closely related catfish ...
Ferguson Adrian M - - 2013
Understanding movement patterns, habitat use and behaviour of fish is critical to determining how targeted species may respond to protection provided by "no-take" sanctuary zones within marine parks. We assessed the fine and broad scale movement patterns of an exploited herbivore, luderick (Girella tricuspidata), using acoustic telemetry to evaluate how ...
Acosta-González Gilberto - - 2013
Shift transitions in dominance on coral reefs from hard coral cover to fleshy macroalgae are having negative effects on Caribbean coral reef communities. Data on spatiotemporal changes in biodiversity during these modifications are important for decision support for coral reef biodiversity protection. The main objective of this study is to ...
Bui Samantha - - 2013
Understanding species-specific flight behaviours is essential in developing methods of guiding fish spatially, and requires knowledge on how groups of fish respond to aversive stimuli. By harnessing their natural behaviours, the use of physical manipulation or other potentially harmful procedures can be minimised. We examined the reactions of sea-caged groups ...
Alderks Peter W PW Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of - - 2013
The ontogeny of hearing in fishes has become a major interest among bioacoustics researchers studying fish behavior and sensory ecology. Most fish begin to detect acoustic stimuli during the larval stage which can be important for navigation, predator avoidance and settlement, however relatively little is known about the hearing capabilities ...
Horodysky Andrij Z AZ Department of Marine and Environmental Science, Hampton University, Hampton, VA 23664, - - 2013
The absolute light sensitivities, temporal properties, and spectral sensitivities of the visual systems of three mid-Atlantic temperate reef fishes (Atlantic spadefish [Ephippidae: Chaetodipterus faber], tautog [Labridae: Tautoga onitis], and black sea bass [Serranidae: Centropristis striata]) were studied via electroretinography (ERG). Pelagic Atlantic spadefish exhibited higher temporal resolution but a narrower ...
Casper Brandon M - - 2013
The effects of loud sounds on fishes, such as those produced during impulsive pile driving, are an increasing concern in the management of aquatic ecosystems. However, very little is known about such effects. Accordingly, a High Intensity Controlled Impedance Fluid Filled wave Tube (HICI-FT) was used to investigate the effects ...
Jansen Teunis - - 2013
A comparison of growth data (fish length) with latitude shows that southern juvenile mackerel attain a greater length than those originating from further north before growth ceases during their first winter. A similar significant relationship was found between the growth in the first year (derived from the otolith inner winter ...
Higgs Dennis M - - 2012
In the underwater environment, sound propagates as both a pressure wave and as particle displacement, with particle displacement dominating close to the source (the nearfield). At the receptor level, both the fish ear and the neuromast hair cells act as displacement detectors and both are potentially stimulated by the particle ...
Stamper Sarah A - - 2012
Recent studies have shown that central nervous system neurons in weakly electric fish respond to artificially constructed electrosensory envelopes, but the behavioral relevance of such stimuli is unclear. Here we investigate the possibility that social context creates envelopes that drive behavior. When Eigenmannia virescens are in groups of three or ...
Mazzoni Rosana - - 2012
The identification of mechanisms of spatial-temporal variation, obtained from the quantification of natural populations, is a central topic of ecological research. Despite its importance to life-history theory, as well as to conservation and management of natural populations, no studies concerning movement patterns and home range of small stream-dwelling fishes from ...
Shen S C - - 2012
This study employs a sub-module concept to develop high-brightness light-emitting diode (HB-LED) fishing light arrays to replace traditional fishing light attractors. The horizontal/vertical (H/V) plane light intensity distribution curve (LIDC) of a LED light source are mapped to assist in the design of a non-axisymmetric lens with a fish-attracting light ...
Ariaeenejad Shohreh S Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, - - 2013
Varieties of hemoglobin (Hb) forms exist in fish, which are usually well adapted to the different ecological conditions or various habitats. In the current study, Hbs from two Sturgeon species of the Southern Caspian Sea Basin were purified and studied upon interaction with n-dodecyl trimethylammonium bromide (DTAB; as a cationic ...
Picciulin Marta - - 2012
This study investigated whether or not boat noise causes variations in brown meagre (Sciaena umbra) vocalizations recorded in a nearshore Mediterranean marine reserve. Six nocturnal experimental sessions were carried out from June to September 2009. In each of them, a recreational boat passed over vocalizing fish 6 times with 1 ...
Lugli Marco - - 2012
Many teleosts emit sounds from cavities beneath stones and other types of submerged objects, yet the acoustical properties of fish shelters are virtually unexplored. This study examines the gain properties of shelters commonly used by Mediterranean gobies as hiding places and/or nest sites in the field (flat stones, shells belonging ...
Novales Flamarique Iñigo - - 2012
Vertebrate colour vision is mediated by the differential expression of visual pigment proteins (opsins) in retinal cone photoreceptors. Many species alter opsin expression during life, either as part of development or as a result of changes in habitat. The latter, a result of phenotypic plasticity, appears common among fishes, but ...
Ye Qijun - - 2012
The zebrafish exhibits an enhanced capability of regenerating most of its adult tissues. In this study, we examine the roles of light illumination and functional expression of mitosis-specific gene wee1 on adult zebrafish caudal fin regeneration after amputation. During the first 3 days post-amputation (dpa), the caudal fin regenerate rapidly ...
Kusche Henrik H Lehrstuhl für Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie, Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, - - 2012
Individuals of the scale-eating cichlid fish, Perissodus microlepis, from Lake Tanganyika tend to have remarkably asymmetric heads that are either left-bending or right-bending. The 'left' morph opens its mouth markedly towards the left and preferentially feeds on the scales from the right-hand side of its victim fish, and the 'right' ...
Subhash Peter M C - - 2012
Vertebrates have evolved mechanisms to perceive stressors that arise either from their body or from the environment. Consequently, a state of stress and stress response occur in fish which is characterized by a disturbed physiological homeostasis. The pattern of stress response becomes complex as a result of neuroendocrine involvement and ...
Maitra Saumen Kumar - - 2012
Recent studies on several fish species, especially carp, implicated pineal hormone melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) as a potent candidate in the regulatory mechanism of seasonal reproduction. Under natural conditions, the temporal pattern of serum melatonin varied with daily light-dark cycle and the reproductive status of the fish as well. Carefully controlled study ...
Doropoulos Christopher - - 2012
Newly settled recruits typically suffer high mortality from disturbances, but rapid growth reduces their mortality once size-escape thresholds are attained. Ocean acidification (OA) reduces the growth of recruiting benthic invertebrates, yet no direct effects on survivorship have been demonstrated. We tested whether the reduced growth of coral recruits caused by ...
La Mesa Gabriele - - 2012
Understanding the movements of exploited fish has become a major concern for several management and conservation initiatives, such as the implementation of well designed marine protected areas. Movements of an important recreational target species from the Mediterranean Sea, the parrotfish Sparisoma cretense, were determined in a marine protected area using ...
Renchen G F - - 2012
An underwater video surveillance system known as TrapCam was used to continuously record (15 ×c. 24 h periods) fish behaviour within and immediately surrounding an experimental fish trap situated in a coral reef ecosystem in the United States Virgin Islands. Of the 100 fishes (18 species, 12 families) trapped, surgeonfishes ...
Walz Henriette - - 2012
Weakly-electric fish are a well-established model system for neuroethological studies on communication and aggression. Sensory encoding of their electric communication signals, as well as behavioural responses to these signals, have been investigated in great detail under laboratory conditions. In the wave-type brown ghost knifefish, Apteronotus leptorhynchus, transient increases in the ...
Sirovic Ana - - 2012
NEPTUNE Canada is a regional-scale ocean observing system deployed off the west coast of Vancouver Island, Canada. Among the data streams broadcast live over the internet are video collected using black and white low-light camera and audio collected with Naxys hydrophone (5 - 3,000 Hz). These data allow for description ...
Allen J Kaitlyn - - 2012
To understand mysticete acoustic-based detection of ships, radiated noise from high-speed craft, cruise ships, catamarans and fishing vessels was recorded June-September 2009. Calibrated acoustic data (<2500 Hz) from a vertical hydrophone array was combined with ship passage information. A cruise ship had the highest broadband source level, while a fishing vessel ...
Matsuo Ikuo - - 2012
Identification and classification of fish species are essential for acoustic surveys of fisheries. The echo from the fish contains components from multiple reflections, including the swimbladder and other organs. The target strength (TS) and temporal structure, which were measured and analyzed by using the broadband signal, were changed dependent on ...
Stocker Michael A - - 2012
Auditory thresholds are often displayed in a manner that reveals what is commonly called a "U-curve." But if the threshold curves are displayed on the x axis on a true Log10 scale the profile is shaped differently. For marine mammals the shape is more like a "hockey stick." If these ...
Casper Brandon M - - 2012
We report on new results from controlled exposure studies of impulsive pile driving stimuli using the High Intensity Controlled Impedance Fluid Filled Wave Tube (HICI-FT). Following upon initial investigations focusing on injury thresholds and recovery from injuries in the Chinook salmon, experiments have been expanded to include lake sturgeon, Nile ...
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