Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 649
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
McGarry Michelle H MH Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, VA Long Beach Healthcare System (09/151), 5901 East 7th. Street, Long Beach, CA, 90822, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of loading the long and short heads of the biceps on glenohumeral range of motion and humeral head position. Eight cadaveric shoulders were tested in 60° abduction in the scapula and coronal plane. Muscle loading was applied based on cross-sectional area ratios. The short and long ...
Yulnawati Y Y Division of Reproduction, Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden; Research Center for Biotechnology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Cibinong, Bogor, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate bull sperm kinematics after centrifugation through a single layer of a colloid [Single Layer Centrifugation (SLC)]. Ejaculates from 20 bulls were extended and stored at 4-6°C for 24 h during transport to the laboratory for SLC through Androcoll-B, followed by measurement of sperm ...
Liu Yixiang Y College of Food and Biological Engineering, Jimei University, Xiamen, Fujian, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), a long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) with important functions in normal human retinal activity and vision development, is recommended to promote brain and eye development. However, recent research has revealed that increased DHA level in the retina due to linoleic acid-rich diet heightens the vulnerability of ...
Wang Hanjie - - 2014
In clinic, the application of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in deep tissue is severely constrained by the limited penetration depth of visible light needed for activating the photosensitizer (PS). In this article, merocyanine 540 (MC540) and upcoverting nanoparticle (UCN) coloaded functional polymeric liposome nanocarrier, (MC540+UCN)/FPL was designed and constructed successfully for ...
Armstrong Alan - - 2013
Vision plays an important role in allowing the development of coordinated movements and often acts as the dominant perceptual modality for every day movements. This visual information is often presented in the spatio-temporal domain but the specific role of spatio-temporal information has not been specifically assessed in the literature. This ...
SamuolienÄ— GiedrÄ— - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Light quality effect on phytochemicals in romaine baby leaf lettuce 'Thumper' investigated in closed-environment (I) and greenhouse (II, III) (16h; 21/17°C). (I): Basal (638, 455, 660 and 735nm) LEDs supplemented with UV (380nm), green (510nm), yellow (595nm), orange (622nm) LEDs, PPFD ~175 µmol m(-2) s(-1) . (II): High-pressure sodium ...
Zhang Min M Key Laboratory for Special Functional Materials of Ministry of Education, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, People's Republic of China. - - 2013
Zr/N co-doped TiO2 nanostructures were successfully synthesized using nanotubular titanic acid (NTA) as precursors by a facile wet chemical route and subsequent calcination. These Zr/N-doped TiO2 nanostructures made by NTA precursors show significantly enhanced visible light absorption and much higher photocatalytic performance than the Zr/N-doped P25 TiO2 nanoparticles. Impacts of ...
Challet Etienne - - 2012
The elderly population shows various circadian disturbances, including dampened amplitude of rhythmicity and decreased responsiveness to light. The common poor folate status in the elderly might account for these aging-related circadian disturbances. To test this hypothesis, we investigated whether folate deficiency in mice affects circadian oscillations of the master clock ...
Dickerson Andrew K AK School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0405, - - 2012
In cold wet weather, mammals face hypothermia if they cannot dry themselves. By rapidly oscillating their bodies, through a process similar to shivering, furry mammals can dry themselves within seconds. We use high-speed videography and fur particle tracking to characterize the shakes of 33 animals (16 animals species and five ...
Noimark Sacha S Materials Chemistry Research Centre, Department of Chemistry, University College London, 20 Gordon Street, London, WC1H 0AJ, - - 2013
This review focuses on the development of light activated antimicrobial surfaces. These surfaces kill microbes by the action of light and have potential applications in domestic and healthcare settings. The inspiration for the new self-cleaning surfaces originates from photodynamic therapy where light is used to locate and destroy tumours. The ...
Fu Weiqi - - 2012
Green microalgae have recently drawn attention as promising organisms for biofuel production; however, the question is whether they can grow sufficient biomass relative to limiting input factors to be economically feasible. We have explored this question by determining how much biomass the green microalga Chlorella vulgaris can produce in photobioreactors ...
Huang Weiwei - - 2012
Catalytic conversion of rice husk, sawdust, sugarcane bagasse, cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin into olefins was performed with HZSM-5 containing 6wt.% lanthanum. The olefins yields for different feedstocks decreased in the order: cellulose>hemicellulose>sugarcane bagasse>rice husk>sawdust>lignin. Biomass containing higher content of cellulose or hemicellulose produced more olefins than feedstocks with higher content ...
Gauslaa Yngvar - - 2012
Desiccation tolerance was quantified in four cyanolichens (Lobaria hallii, Lobaria retigera, Lobaria scrobiculata, Pseudocyphellaria anomala), one cephalolichen (Lobaria pulmonaria) and one chlorolichen (Platismatia glauca) from xeric and mesic, open and closed North American boreal forests. These sympatric epiphytes were exposed to 0%, 33%, 55% and 75% relative humidity with or ...
Guest Steve - - 2012
Little is known about the tactile-perceptual structure of fluids. Therefore, ten fluids with diverse, characterized rheologies were rated by 16 females, on 27 sensory attributes (e.g., "slippery") and 14 emotional attributes (e.g., "enjoyable") via five-point categorical scales. Fluids were assessed against the volar forearm and underarm, sites that commonly experience ...
Yang W F - - 2012
We present on a systematic study of the contribution of surface plasmon (SP) coupling and light extraction toward emission enhancement of Platinum (Pt) nano-patterns capped MgZnO films. Time resolved Photoluminescence (PL) results indicate that the Pt coating can greatly reduces the non-radiative recombination rate by passivation of surface states, making ...
Kim Jeonghun - - 2012
Nanopatterning provides facile process to well-arrayed mesoporous inorganic oxide films at low cost by using readily available pastes and elastomeric nanostamps. The fabricated nanopattern boosted the light-harvesting efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) by a light-trapping technique. The iodine-free solid-state DSSCs showed a 40 % increase in the current density and ...
Casselgren Johan - - 2012
Three different configurations utilizing polarized short-wave infrared light to classify winter road conditions have been investigated. In the first configuration, polarized broadband light was detected in the specular and backward directions, and the quotient between the detected intensities was used as the classification parameter. Best results were obtained for the ...
Biswal Ajaya K - - 2012
Chlorophyll b is synthesized by the oxidation of a methyl group on the B ring of a tetrapyrrole molecule to a formyl group by chlorophyllide a oxygenase (CAO). The full-length CAO from Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) was overexpressed in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) that grows well at light intensities much higher than ...
Minaei Mohammad Baqer MB Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2012
Sperm parameters and motion kinetics are affected by cryopreservation. The main purpose of the current study was to determine the effect of different concentrations of Trolox as an antioxidant to freezing-thawing procedure on human sperm kinematic parameter. Semen was collected from 20 normal donors and divided into five aliquots prior ...
Kumar Arunandan - - 2012
Improved outcoupling efficiency of organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) is demonstrated by incorporating a nanostructured indium tin oxide (NSITO) film between a conducting anode and a glass substrate. NSITO film was fabricated using rf-sputtering at oblique angle (85°). Significant reduction in refractive index and improved transmission of NSITO film was ...
Koylu Damla - - 2012
Photoreactive polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) that dissolve upon UV irradiation are described. Light-induced switching of the formal charge of a photoreactive polycation resulted in repulsive interlayer electrostatic forces, and caused the dissolution of PEM films. Combining both photoreactive and inert polycations in the same film yielded additional control over the light-induced ...
Osorio-Madrazo Anayancy - - 2012
Agarose hydrogels filled with cellulose nanowhiskers were strained in uniaxial stretching under different humidity conditions. The orientation of the cellulose whiskers was examined before and after testing with an X-ray laboratory source and monitored in situ during loading by synchrotron X-ray diffraction. The aim of this approach was to determine ...
Burda Ioan - - 2012
In dynamics of evaporation or drying of microdrops from a solid surface, a faster and precise quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) is needed. The fast QCM based on frequency to voltage converter is an attractive and powerful tool in the investigation of the dynamic regime of evaporation to translate the frequency ...
Hwang Kun - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To discover the relationship between earring types, piercing points, and the mechanical force needed for earrings to tear through the earlobe. METHODS: A 5-mm-thick silicon paddle was used as an earlobe model. Five types of earrings were used: hoop, stud, buckle, hook, and screw. Tension was measured 4, 8, ...
Lin Pao T - - 2012
Broadband and anisotropic light emission from rare-earth doped tellurite thin films is demonstrated using Er<sup>3+</sup>-TeO<sub>2</sub> photonic crystals (PhCs). By adjusting the PhC parameters, photoluminescent light can be efficiently coupled into vertical surface emission or lateral waveguide propagation modes. Because of the flexibility of light projection direction, Er<sup>3+</sup>-TeO<sub>2</sub> is a potential ...
Sakamoto Kohei - - 2012
Optimization of the light conditions for biofuel production by the microalga Botryococcus braunii BOT-22 (race B) was performed using monochromatic red light. The lipid and sugar contents were approximately 40% and 20-30% of the cell dry weight, respectively, and about half of the lipids were liquid hydrocarbons. The half-saturation intensities ...
Chen Hsin Chu - - 2012
We have successfully demonstrated the enhanced luminous flux and lumen efficiency in white light-emitting diodes by the randomly textured phosphor structure. The textured phosphor structure was fabricated by a simple imprinting technique, which does not need an expensive dry-etching machine or a complex patterned definition. The textured phosphor structure increases ...
Brenner Daniel S - - 2012
Behavioral models of cold responses are important tools for exploring the molecular mechanisms of cold sensation. To complement the currently cold behavioral assays and allow further studies of these mechanisms, we have developed a new technique to measure the cold response threshold, the cold plantar assay. In this assay, animals ...
Mutanga Theodore F - - 2011
PURPOSE: When one is performing online setup correction for prostate positioning displacements prior to daily dose delivery, intrafraction motion can become a limiting factor to prostate targeting accuracy. The aim of this study was to quantify and characterize prostate intrafraction motion assessed by multiple kilovoltage (kV) and megavoltage (MV) imaging ...
Cuddy Martin - - 2011
Androgens are known to be involved in reproductive behaviours including courtship and aggression. According to the Challenge Hypothesis, androgen activity upregulates male reproductive behaviour seasonally and also modulates short term adaptation of these behaviours in response to social context. In the weakly electric fish, Apteronotus leptorhynchus, 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT) has been ...
Zhang Pengpeng - - 2011
Hypofractionated prostate radiotherapy may benefit from both volumetric modulated are therapy (VMAT) due to shortened treatment time and intrafraction real-time monitoring provided by implanted radiofrequency(RF) transponders. The authors investigate dosimetrically driven action thresholds (whether treatment needs to be interrupted and patient repositioned) in VMAT treatment with electromagnetic (EM) tracking. VMAT ...
Goldina Anna - - 2011
The communication signals of electric fish can be dynamic, varying between the sexes on a circadian rhythm and in response to social and environmental cues. In the gymnotiform fish Brachyhypopomus gauderio waveform shape of the electric organ discharge (EOD) is regulated by steroid and peptide hormones. Furthermore, EOD amplitude and ...
Mikulec A A - - 2011
Objective:To quantify the noise exposure received while driving a convertible automobile with the top open, compared with the top closed.Methods:Five different convertible automobiles were driven, with the top both closed and open, and noise levels measured. The cars were tested at speeds of 88.5, 104.6 and 120.7 km/h.Results:When driving with the ...
Weiss Daniel S - - 2010
The Critical Incident History Questionnaire indexes cumulative exposure to traumatic incidents in police by examining incident frequency and rated severity. In over 700 officers, event severity was negatively correlated (r(s) = -.61) with frequency of exposure. Cumulative exposure indices that varied emphasis on frequency and severity-using both nomothetic and idiographic ...
Engard Derek J - - 2010
Personal noise exposure samples were collected from five workers at a large-sized college football stadium and five workers at a medium-sized college football stadium in northern Colorado during three home football games, for a total of 30 personal noise exposures. In addition, personal noise exposure samples were collected from five ...
Hong Bin Na - - 2011
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is thought to primarily involve damage to the sensory hair cells of the cochlea via mechanical and metabolic mechanisms. Unfortunately, initial studies assessing the effectiveness of post-exposure treatment after hearing loss have yielded largely disappointing results. This study explored the effects of oral treatment with Korean ...
Svean Jarle - - 2010
The ideal hearing protection device (HPD) should ensure a safe level of noise exposure while at the same time providing a high degree of situational awareness. This paper describes the core elements of a digital signal processing based HPD representing such a comprehensive approach to hearing protection. A set of ...
Nieto-Hernandez Rosa - - 2011
Objectives Concerns have been raised about possible health effects from radiofrequency fields pulsing at around 16 Hz. A radio system used by UK police (TETRA) employs signals which pulse at 17.6 Hz. We tested whether exposure to a continuous wave signal at 385.25 MHz or a TETRA-like signal resulted in symptoms among users ...
Dasari Thabitha P - - 2010
The effect of a terrestrial humic acid (HA) and a river HA on the cytotoxicity of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) to natural aquatic bacterial assemblages (0 μM, 2.5 μM and 5 μM) was measured with spread plate counting. The effect of HA (20 and 40 ppm) on the cytotoxicity of AgNPs ...
Levey Sandra - - 2011
To examine the sound level and duration of use of personal listening devices (PLDs) by 189 college students, ages 18-53 years, as they entered a New York City college campus, to determine whether noise exposure from PLDs was in excess of recommended exposure limits and what factors might influence exposure. ...
Paoletti Elena - - 2010
Gas exchange responses to static and variable light were tested in three species: snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris, two cultivars), California black oak (Quercus kelloggii), and blue oak (Q. douglasii). The effects of 1-month (snap beans) and 2-month (oaks) O(3) (ozone) exposure (70ppb over 8h per day in open-top chambers) were ...
Finneran James J - - 2010
Temporary threshold shift (TTS) was measured in a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) after exposure to 16-s tones at 3 and 20 kHz to examine the effects of exposure frequency on the onset and growth of TTS. Thresholds were measured approximately one-half octave above the exposure frequency using a behavioral response ...
Lin Cheng-Yu - - 2010
Previous animal studies showed protective effects of antioxidant medicines against noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). It is unclear whether antioxidants would protect humans from NIHL. We conducted a study to determine whether N-Acetyl-cysteine (NAC) protected men against noise-induced temporary threshold shift (TTS), and whether subgroups with genetic polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferase ...
Baur X - - 2010
This review shows that long-term exposure to asbestos-containing dust leads not only to a reduction of lung volume as well as to limitations of forced expiratory flows, such as FEF (50) and FEF (75), but also to increased frequencies of FEV (1)/FVC, and elevated airway resistance. There is evidence for ...
Williams W - - 2010
Anecdotally it has been suggested that exposure to some noise sources through leisure activities could have a significant effect on whole-of-life noise exposure. While exposure levels do vary, a typical night club or dance club attendee was found to experience an equivalent continuous A-weighted noise level of around 98 dB ...
Galichanin Konstantin - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to investigate cataractogenesis and recovery of lens damage after in vivo close to threshold ultraviolet (UV)-B radiation around 300 nm. Eighty six-week-old albino Sprague-Dawley rats were familiarized to a rat restrainer five days prior to exposure. Groups of non-anesthetized rats were exposed unilaterally ...
Nishimura Tsutomu - - 2010
Animals from a wide range of taxa have been shown to possess magnetic sense and use magnetic compasses to orient; however, there is no information in the literature on whether lizards have either of these abilities. In this study, we investigated the behavioral responses of a diurnal agamid lizard (Pogona ...
Lennquist Anna - - 2010
Medetomidine is a new antifouling agent, and its effects in non-target aquatic organisms have been investigated. Earlier short-term studies in fish have shown a skin lightening response to medetomidine, but effects after chronic exposure have not been studied. In fish, the dark pigment melanin is contained within specialized cells, melanophores. ...
Pienkowski Martin - - 2010
Passive exposure of adult animals to a random ensemble of tone pips band limited between 4 and 20 kHz has been shown to suppress neural activity in primary auditory cortex (AI) to sounds in the exposure frequency range. In the long-term (>3 months), the suppressed neurons can be reactivated by ...
Vlajkovic Srdjan M - - 2010
Hearing loss from noise exposure is a leading occupational disease, with up to 5% of the population at risk world-wide. Here, we present a novel purine-based pharmacological intervention that can ameliorate noise-induced cochlear injury. Wistar rats were exposed to narrow-band noise (8-12 kHz, 110 dB SPL, 2-24 h) to induce ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >