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Results 201 - 250 of 645
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Sendowski Isabelle - - 2004
In this study, 21 guinea pigs were submitted to a single high energy impulse noise (gun shot with blank projectiles). The auditory function was evaluated over a 7-day recovery period by recording the compound action potential (CAP) from the round window. The threshold shift and input/output function (CAP amplitude and ...
Hamernik Roger P - - 2003
Seventeen groups of chinchillas with 11 to 16 animals/group (sigmaN = 207) were exposed for 5 days to either a Gaussian (G) noise or 1 of 16 different non-Gaussian (non-G) noises at 100 dB(A) SPL. All exposures had the same total energy and approximately the same flat spectrum but their ...
Nachtigall Paul E - - 2003
Behaviorally determined hearing thresholds for a 7.5-kHz tone for an Atlantic bottlenosed dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) were obtained following exposure to fatiguing low-frequency octave band noise. The fatiguing stimulus ranged from 4 to 11 kHz and was gradually increased in intensity to 179 dB re 1 microPa and in duration to ...
Calin-Jageman Robert J - - 2003
Exposure to turbulence, an environmental stimulus, produces behavioral adaptation in the Aplysia siphon-withdrawal response (SWR). The authors show that the duration and spatial extent of turbulence influence adaptation recovery. In terms of duration, recovery in whole animals and reduced preparations (tail, siphon, and CNS) was more rapid after longer exposures ...
Morhaime Jacquelyn L - - 2003
CONTEXT: Meconium discharge has been associated with fetal distress and poor neonatal outcome; thus, its presence is of clinical importance. OBJECTIVE: Loss of meconium pigment in histologic sections from light exposure has been described. We sought to confirm this finding and to measure this loss quantitatively. DESIGN: Sections of umbilical ...
Franzé Annamaria - - 2003
Temporary threshold shift (TTS) and permanent threshold shift (PTS) may follow prolonged noise exposure. Several reports suggest that noise-induced damage to the cochlea may be related to the activity of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Drugs that scavenge or block ROS formation also protect the cochlea. Guinea pigs, treated with allopurinol, ...
Wang Emily J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Low levels of light exposure at critical times are thought to cause seasonal affective disorder. Investigators, in studies demonstrating the usefulness of bright light therapy, also have implicated light's role in non-seasonal depression. The precise cause of postpartum depression has not been delineated, but it seemed possible that new ...
Mäkitie Antti A - - 2003
The interaction between noise and inhaled styrene on the structure and function of the auditory organ of the male Wistar rat was studied. The animals were exposed either to 600 ppm, 300 ppm or 100 ppm styrene (12 h/day, 5 days/week, for 4 weeks) alone or in combination with a ...
Watkinson William P - - 2003
Rodents often demonstrate a profound depression in physiological function following acute exposure to toxic xenobiotic agents. This effect, termed the hypothermic response, is primarily characterized by significant decreases in core temperature and heart rate and is generally accompanied by similar deficits in other important functional parameters. This response appears to ...
Guggenheim J A - - 2003
It has been reported that exposure to artificial lighting at night during the first 2 years of life was very strongly associated with subsequent myopia development. The strength of this association was tested in a UK sample for the first time. The study population comprised 122 university students. Myopia occurred ...
Pourbakht Akram - - 2003
We compared the extent of permanent threshold shifts (PTS) and cochlear hair cell damage caused by continuous noise exposure with those caused by intermittent noise exposure. Twenty male pigmented guinea pigs that had been exposed to a one-octave band of noise at 4 kHz for 5 h were placed in ...
McCauley Robert D - - 2003
Marine petroleum exploration involves the repetitive use of high-energy noise sources, air-guns, that produce a short, sharp, low-frequency sound. Despite reports of behavioral responses of fishes and marine mammals to such noise, it is not known whether exposure to air-guns has the potential to damage the ears of aquatic vertebrates. ...
Wenzel Adam J - - 2003
PURPOSE: Biochemical research has demonstrated that lutein and zeaxanthin, the two macular carotenoids, are bleachable pigments. Further, evidence suggests that exposure to UV light can degrade plasma carotenoid levels in vivo. The present study investigated the effects of exposure to normal levels of light on the levels of lutein and ...
Contreras-Vidal José L - - 2002
Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, matched elderly controls, and normal young subjects were tested using a visuo-motor adaptation paradigm in which the gain of the vertical component of the visual feedback of handwriting was manipulated in real-time. Handwriting was performed on a digitizer tablet and displayed in real-time on a computer ...
Raub J A - - 2002
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, tasteless, odorless, and non-irritating gas formed when carbon in fuel is not burned completely. It enters the bloodstream through the lungs and attaches to hemoglobin (Hb), the body's oxygen carrier, forming carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) and thereby reducing oxygen (O(2)) delivery to the body's organs and ...
Zeni Olga - - 2002
In the present study the effect of extremely low frequency pulsed magnetic fields (PMF) was evaluated in lymphocyte cultures from 12 subjects occupationally exposed to low doses of ionising radiations. The PMF signal characteristics were repetition frequency 50 Hz, triangular shape, rise time about 1.2 ms and peak intensity 2.5 ...
Scholik Amy R - - 2002
As concerns about the effects of underwater anthropogenic noises on the auditory function of organisms increases, it is imperative to assess if all organisms are equally affected by the same noise source. Consequently, auditory capabilities of an organism need to be evaluated and compared interspecifically. Teleost fishes provide excellent models ...
Reilly J Patrick - - 2002
Standards for human exposure to electromagnetic fields typically express maximum permissible exposure limits as a function of frequency. Often, these limits have been derived from experiments or theoretical models involving sinusoidal waveforms. In many practical situations, however, the relevant waveforms of interest may not be sinusoidal, such as with waveforms ...
Reilly J Patrick - - 2002
Electric and magnetic field exposure guidelines are developed from established mechanisms of bioelectric interaction. Such mechanisms involve phenomena of electrostimulation-the functional influence of applied electrical forces on nerve and muscle, and, at quasi-static frequencies, on magneto-dynamic mechanisms. The paper develops criteria of human reactions based on theoretical models with parametric ...
Sadhra S - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Most studies to date on sound levels in entertainment establishments have concentrated on exposure levels for the attending public, rather than employees who may be at greater risk of hearing loss. Of particular concern are young employees. The aim of this pilot study was to (i) estimate typical sound ...
Heil Daniel P - - 2002
It was the purpose of this study to pilot the use of a new wrist-worn light monitoring device to document that indoor lighting for a particular day-shift work environment could serve as the primary light exposure dosage in healthy free-living humans. Twelve employees of a local hospital volunteered to wear ...
Yoon In-Young - - 2002
With practical applicability in mind, we wanted to observe whether nocturnal alertness, performance, and daytime sleep could be improved by light exposure of tolerable intensity and duration in a real work place. We also evaluated whether attenuating morning light was important in adaptation of real night shift workers. Twelve night ...
Fridberger Anders - - 2002
To investigate the physiology of noise-induced hearing loss, the sound-induced vibrations of the basilar membrane (BM) of the inner ear were measured in living anesthetized guinea pigs before and after intense sound exposure. The vibrations were measured using a laser Doppler velocimeter after placing reflective glass beads on the BM. ...
Angel Luciano - - 2002
We describe the characteristics of a double-exposure specklegram obtained through a double-aperture system, by introduction of a wedge in front of one aperture in one exposure. It is assumed that a uniform displacement of the diffuser is produced between exposures. The average intensity distribution and visibility of the interferometric fringes ...
Kochanek K - - 2002
The pattern of recovery from noise exposure was monitored, with regards to the behaviour and electrophysiology in 25 normal-hearing subjects, at 4 KHz frequency for 30 min. Fatiguing stimulus was an octave band noise with centre frequency of 3 KHz. Subject's behaviour following to the auditory fatigue was studied by ...
Hu Bo Hua - - 2002
It has been known for some time that noise-induced outer hair cell (OHC) death in the cochlea continues well after the termination of a noise exposure. However, the underlying mechanisms leading to the expansion of a cochlear lesion are not fully understood. Here we report involvement of the apoptotic pathway ...
Alldredge Brian K - - 2002
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the stability of diazepam rectal gel (Diastat) in various conditions of temperature and light exposure as might be found in ambulances. Three lots of Diastat (Xcel Pharmaceuticals, San Diego, CA) in various fill/syringe configurations were evaluated in controlled conditions of a ...
Fechter Laurence D - - 2002
Noise-induced hearing loss is the most prevalent occupational injury in the United States despite the adoption of clear permissible exposure limits and protocols for hearing conservation. This study identifies low-level chemical asphyxiant exposure as a risk factor capable of potentiating noise-induced hearing loss. Rats were exposed to 10, 30, and ...
Morata Thais C. - - 2002
Styrene is an organic solvent employed in many manufacturing industries, as well as in other economic sectors. Recently, evidence is beginning to accumulate on the hazardous effects that styrene exposures have on the auditory system. In rats, a well-suited metabolic animal model for these studies, aromatic solvents seem to affect ...
Hibi Yuko - - 2002
In this study, participants were required to identify hierarchically structured patterns that appeared at either global or local level. Paquet and Merikle (1984 Canadian Journal of Psychology 381 45-53) showed that global interference is affected by exposure duration in the processing of a hierarchical structure. They showed that only global-to-local ...
Hamernik Roger P - - 2002
Threshold shifts (TS) were measured at various times following a wide variety of noise exposures on over 900 chinchillas. An analysis of postexposure TS measures and noise-induced permanent threshold shift (PTS) showed that, across audiometric test frequency, there was a consistent relation between these variables of the form PTS (dB) ...
Fechter Laurence D. - - 2002
The damaging effects of noise on auditory function can be altered significantly by exposure to additional agents that may or may not by themselves be ototoxic. This chapter focuses on the ability of chemical asphyxiants present in both occupational settings and ambient environments to potentiate noise induced hearing loss in ...
Quintana P J - - 2001
Recent studies on the association between exposures to airborne particulate matter (PM) and disease have identified short-term peaks in PM exposures as posing especial health threats. Lightweight personal instruments are needed to characterize short-term exposures to PM and to identify the most important sources of high PM excursions. In this ...
Tan C T - - 2001
Noise and aminoglycosides initially attack cochlear outer hair cells (OHCs). Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) are used for the early diagnosis of damage to OHCs. The effects of sub-damaging doses of amikacin, an aminoglycoside antibiotic agent, on noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) were examined in guinea pigs. Animals were grouped by ...
Swamy K M - - 2001
Ultrasound is gaining importance in metal extraction process. In the previous laboratory scale investigation the authors have established the positive influence of ultrasound on copper recovery from oxide ores of Malanjkhand, Madhya Pradesh, India in an ammonical media. The process parameters in a conventional agitation method were optimized and a ...
Delcourt C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The role of light exposure in the development of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) has been questioned. We present the relationship between lifetime light exposure and ARMD as examined in the Pathologies Oculaires Liées à l'Age (POLA) study. METHODS: The POLA study is a population-based study on cataract and ARMD ...
Silverman R H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Very high-frequency (50-MHz) ultrasound is widely used for imaging the anterior segment of the eye. Our aim was to determine whether exposures to ultrasound at and above those used in diagnostic imaging systems might cause bioeffects in ocular tissues. METHODS: We characterized the output parameters of a polyvinylidene difluoride ...
Fukuda N - - 2001
Inpatients with sleep disturbances in a geriatric hospital received 1 h of exposure to approximately 8000 lx bright light per day for 3 weeks. Polysomnogram was recorded for four female patients. Two (aged 68 and 87 years) were non-demented patients with weak cataracts and the other two (aged 92 and ...
Vázquez A E - - 2001
A number of studies have shown that the ear can be protected from sound over-exposure, either by activating the cochlear efferent system, or by sound 'conditioning' in which the role of the efferent system is less certain. To study more definitively the molecular basis of deliberately induced cochlear protection from ...
Prato F S - - 2001
There is evidence in animals that behavioral and physiological responses to static and extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELFMF) is affected by the presence of light during magnetic field exposures. Here we report that the effect of a specific pulsed ELFMF (PEMF) on human standing balance is modulated by light ...
Choleris E - - 2001
The open field test (OFT) is a widely used procedure for examining the behavioral effects of drugs and anxiety. Detailed ethological assessments of animal behavior are lacking. Here we present a detailed ethological assessment of the effects of acute treatment with the benzodiazepines, diazepam (DZ, 1.5mg/kg) and chlordiazepoxide (CDP, 5.0 ...
Lee T J - - 2001
A novel application of ultrasonic irradiation for rapid control of blue-green algae (BGA) bloom was investigated. Potassium iodide (KI) experiments demonstrated that frequency and input power are the major factors that affect the ultrasonic irradiation intensity. Short exposure (3 s) to ultrasonic irradiation (120 W input power, 28 kHz) effectively ...
Campo P - - 2001
Styrene is an aromatic solvent widely used as a precursor for polystyrene plastics in many factories which produce glass-reinforced plastic. This solvent has been shown to disrupt the auditory system in both humans and animals. In order to study the sequence of events which could explain the cochlear impairments, a ...
Koivisto M - - 2001
The influence of pulsed radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields of digital GSM mobile phones (902 MHz, 217 Hz pulse modulation) on subjective symptoms or sensations in healthy subjects were studied in two single-blind experiments. The duration of the RF exposure was about 60 min in Experiment 1 and 30 min in ...
Candia Carnevali M - - 2001
Regenerative phenomena, which have the advantage of reproducing developmental processes in the adult organism, are very sensitive to environmental stress and represent stages that can be monitored for damage at the whole-organism, cellular and molecular levels. Some persistent and ubiquitous pollutants, which can affect the natural environment because of their ...
Scholik A R - - 2001
The ability of a fish to interpret acoustic information in its environment is crucial for its survival. Thus, it is important to understand how underwater noise affects fish hearing. In this study, the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) was used to examine: (1) the immediate effects of white noise exposure (0.3-4.0 ...
Henderson Donald - - 2001
The large intersubject variability observed in demographic studies of noise-induced hearing loss illustrates how difficult it can be to estimate with precision the risk posed by exposure to noise. One possible source of the variability is the result of evaluating a diverse set of acoustic conditions with a simple metric ...
Veuillet E - - 2001
It is well known that the large inter-individual susceptibility to noise exposure makes it impossible to predict the degree of hearing loss which will develop after any given intense noise exposure. The acoustic trauma which sometimes occurs affects cochlear mechanisms, the damage being most probably due to deactivation of the ...
Honeycutt H - - 2001
This study examined the relationship between unimodal and multimodal sensory stimulation and their effects on prenatal auditory learning in bobwhite quail embryos. Embryos exposed to a maternal call in the 24 hr prior to hatching (unimodal condition) significantly preferred this familiar call over an unfamiliar call in postnatal testing, but ...
McBride D I - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relation between different types of exposure to noise and a classic sign of noise induced hearing loss (NIHL), the audiometric notch. METHODS: The study sample had exposure to both continuous and impulse noise and was drawn from a population of electrical transmission workers. Audiograms, taken as ...
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