Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 653
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Nishimura Tsutomu - - 2010
Animals from a wide range of taxa have been shown to possess magnetic sense and use magnetic compasses to orient; however, there is no information in the literature on whether lizards have either of these abilities. In this study, we investigated the behavioral responses of a diurnal agamid lizard (Pogona ...
Lennquist Anna - - 2010
Medetomidine is a new antifouling agent, and its effects in non-target aquatic organisms have been investigated. Earlier short-term studies in fish have shown a skin lightening response to medetomidine, but effects after chronic exposure have not been studied. In fish, the dark pigment melanin is contained within specialized cells, melanophores. ...
Pienkowski Martin - - 2010
Passive exposure of adult animals to a random ensemble of tone pips band limited between 4 and 20 kHz has been shown to suppress neural activity in primary auditory cortex (AI) to sounds in the exposure frequency range. In the long-term (>3 months), the suppressed neurons can be reactivated by ...
Vlajkovic Srdjan M - - 2010
Hearing loss from noise exposure is a leading occupational disease, with up to 5% of the population at risk world-wide. Here, we present a novel purine-based pharmacological intervention that can ameliorate noise-induced cochlear injury. Wistar rats were exposed to narrow-band noise (8-12 kHz, 110 dB SPL, 2-24 h) to induce ...
Jung Christopher M CM Sleep and Chronobiology Laboratory, Department of Integrative Physiology, Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0354, - - 2010
Multisynaptic neural and endocrine pathways from the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus have been hypothesized to communicate circadian and photic information to the adrenal glands. In humans, light exposure has been reported to have no effect, increase, or decrease cortisol levels. These inconsistent findings in humans may be related to ...
Dobie Robert A - - 2011
One can study occupational noise exposure by comparing hearing thresholds of exposed people to control data from national or international standards. ANSI S3.44 (1996) offers Annex C--thresholds for people without occupational noise exposure--as appropriate control data for such comparisons. Annex C is based on the false assumption that people who ...
Adelman Cahtia - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effect of furosemide administration on noise-induced hearing loss. This drug reversibly elevates the auditory threshold by inducing a temporary reduction of the endocochlear potential and thereby suppresses the cochlear amplifier and active cochlear mechanics. METHODS: Mice were given a single injection of furosemide 30 minutes before ...
Kane A S - - 2010
This study investigated immediate effects of intense sound exposure associated with low-frequency (170-320 Hz) or with mid-frequency (2.8-3.8 kHz) sonars on caged rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus and hybrid sunfish Lepomis sp. in Seneca Lake, New York, U.S.A. This study focused on potential effects on inner ear ...
Driedger Kimberlea - - 2010
Juvenile fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) were exposed from 10 to 100 days post-hatch (dph) to metal mining effluent under simulated summer (20 degrees C and 16/8 light/dark) or winter (4 degrees C and 8/16 light/dark) conditions in order to test the winter stress syndrome hypothesis. The condition factor of fish ...
Brink Mark - - 2010
This article reports a field study on noise annoyance from military shooting with small, midsize, and heavy weapons that was carried out among 1002 residents living near eight different training grounds of the Swiss army. The goal of the study was to derive the exposure-annoyance relationship for military shooting noise ...
Agrawal Yuri - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether valid estimation of the effect of occupational noise exposure on hearing thresholds requires adjustment for factors other than age, sex, and race, which also influence hearing function. DESIGN: Multivariate regression analyses were performed in the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 3527). RESULTS: ...
Higgins Patricia A PA Case Western Reserve University, Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center GRECC, OH 44106, USA. - - 2010
This methodological case study describes light exposure and rest-activity patterns in an older adult with dementia and his caregiver spouse. Two devices were used to measure rest-activity and light exposure data: a wrist-worn actigraph with a light sensor to record full spectrum light exposure data and an eye-level wavelength-sensitive light ...
Marlund Hale - - 2010
Public shooting ranges are used primarily for recreational shooting. Certain occupations require periodic certification of firearms proficiency. Single gunfire noise is loud and impulsive. However, both recreational and occupational proficiency shooters are often exposed to firearm noise from other shooters. In such cases, the shooting noise exposure can include gunfire ...
Le Prell Colleen - - 2010
Exposure to noise can result in neural swelling, mechanical damage, andor a toxic accumulation of free radicals. The type and extent of the pathology, the amount of hearing loss, and the permanence of the hearing loss all vary with the level and duration of the noise insult. In addition, noise ...
Schad Kelly - - 2010
Focused ultrasound therapy can be enhanced with microbubbles by thermal and cavitation effects. However, localization of treatment becomes difficult as bioeffects can occur outside of the target region. Spatial control of gas bubbles can be achieved with acoustic vaporization of perfluorocarbon droplets. This study was undertaken to determine the acoustic ...
Buck Karl - - 2010
On the battlefield a soldier is continuously exposed to various types of noise. Much of this exposure is noise generated by his own weapon or by weapons of close by troops. The exposure levels are between 160-dB peak for small arms and 190-dB peak at the soldier's ear for some ...
Song Wonjoon - - 2010
An existing set of chinchilla noise exposure data has been re-analyzed using an advanced signal analysis tool and a statistical regression analysis. The data are comprised of 23 digitally recorded noise files and auditory damage indicators of the chinchillas measured at six frequency points, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, and ...
Marshall Andrew - - 2010
Findings from recent low-level sonic boom studies have shown that people's evaluations of startle could not be explained by loudness only and the startle evaluations were correlated strongly with evaluations of annoyance. A pilot study was conducted to examine how changes in physiological responses (skin conductance, pulse rate, and EMG) ...
Bruce Robert D - - 2010
For many years, it has been recognized by those working in the field of industrial noise that understanding how much noise is needed to cause hearing loss over a lifetime is difficult to communicate to most people, even those who have an understanding of logarithms. The concept of expressing noise ...
Murphy William J - - 2010
The 1968 CHABA recommendations to limit impulsive noise exposure to levels below 140 dB sound pressure level form the basis of current United States occupational and military standards. The U.S. military standard, MIL-STD 1474D, estimates the number of allowable shots to which a person may be exposed using peak level, ...
Severini Maurizio - - 2010
PURPOSE: The experiment was performed to prove that exposure to a relatively weak extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic field retards tadpoles' development. METHODS: Two cohorts of Xenopus laevis laevis (Daudin) tadpoles were exposed during their immature period ( approximately 60 days) to a 50 Hz magnetic field of 63.9 < ...
Hirota Naoko - - 2010
We had previously reported on the effect of exposure to light on the human digestive system: daytime bright light exposure has a positive effect, whereas, evening bright light exposure has a negative effect on the efficiency of dietary carbohydrate absorption from the evening meal. These results prompted us to examine ...
Pienkowski Martin - - 2010
Long-term, passive, continuous exposure of mature animals to moderate-level, band-limited sounds can profoundly decrease neural activity in primary auditory cortex (AI) to sounds in the exposure frequency range, and increase activity to sounds outside the exposure range. The resulting reorganization of the AI tonotopic map resembles that following a restricted ...
Kang Tong Ho - - 2010
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) has been thought to primarily involve damage to the sensory hair cells of the cochlea via mechanical and metabolic mechanisms. This study examined the effects of baicalin, baicalein, and Scutellaria baicalensis (SB) extract against NIHL in a mouse model. Mice received oral treatment with SB, baicalin, ...
Williams W - - 2009
Long term use of personal stereo players (PSP) is now established as a potential risk to hearing health if exposure levels are not maintained at what are accepted as safe levels. Comparison of PSP user test results indicate that mean listening levels (L(Aeq)) have decreased from 86.1 dB in 2002/03 ...
Borchgrevink Hans M - - 2009
It is well established that intermittent noise exposure characteristically produces less hearing loss than equal energy/intensity continuous noise in animal models. Ongoing different shift work regimes open for direct studies on hearing effects of intermittent noise exposure in man without ethical concern. Amazingly, few such studies are reported. In one ...
Han Yu - - 2009
Noise over-stimulation may induce hair cells loss and hearing deficit. The c-myc oncogene is a major regulator for cell proliferation, growth, and apoptosis. However, the role of this gene in the mammalian cochlea is still unclear. The study was designed to firstly investigate its function under noise condition, from the ...
Gour??vitch Boris - - 2009
Thresholds of auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) are widely used to estimate the level of noise-induced hearing loss or the level of acquired resistance to acoustic trauma after repeated exposures, i.e., the "toughening" effect. Less is known about ABR latencies and their relation to threshold changes. Guinea pigs were exposed to ...
Wagner Jasmin - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Stress dependent alterations of the salivary biomarkers alpha-amylase (sAA), salivary chromogranin A (sCgA) and salivary cortisol (sC) have been reported in numerous studies recently. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the feasibility of testing sAA, sCgA and sC in relation to naturalistic traffic noise ...
Qi Pei - - 2009
The photodegradation of a human IgG1 monoclonal antibody has been examined in a high concentration (100 mg/mL) liquid formulation. It was observed that a yellowish color is generated when the formulation is exposed to intense and prolonged light exposure, and this discoloration occurs along with a loss in bioactivity. Extensive ...
Staples Victoria S L - - 2009
Differences in daily light exposure profiles have been reported, with younger M-types shown to spend more time in bright light, especially in the morning, compared with E-types. This study aimed to investigate how patterns of daily light exposure in older non-resident M-types and E-types compare. Sleep diaries were kept during ...
Parazzini Marta - - 2009
Abstract The European project EMFnEAR was undertaken to assess potential changes in human auditory function after a short-term exposure to radiofrequency (RF) radiation produced by UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System) mobile phones. Participants were healthy young adults with no hearing or ear disorders. Auditory function was assessed immediately before and ...
Lin Cheng-Yu - - 2009
The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is thought to be part of the mechanism underlying noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Glutathione is an important cellular antioxidant that limits cell damage by ROS. We aimed to determine the effect of genetic polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferase (GST) T1, GSTM1, and GSTP1, on ...
Morgan Jessica I W JI Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA. - - 2009
A prior study showed that long exposure to 568-nm light at levels below the maximum permissible exposure safety limit produces retinal damage preceded by a transient reduction in the autofluorescence of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in vivo. The present study shows how the effects of exposure power and duration ...
Thorne Helen C - - 2009
Light is considered the most potent synchronizer of the human circadian system and exerts many other non-image-forming effects, including those that affect brain function. These effects are mediated in part by intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells that express the photopigment melanopsin. The spectral sensitivity of melanopsin is greatest for blue ...
Zhou Yide - - 2009
CONCLUSION: The present findings demonstrated that intratympanic methylprednisolone (MP) reduces the impact of impulse noise trauma on hearing and in part preserves the hair cells from death 1 h after exposure to intensive impulse noise. OBJECTIVE: To examine the treatment efficiency of intratympanic MP (IT-MP) with different methods of administration ...
Lucke Klaus - - 2009
An auditory study was conducted to derive data on temporary threshold shift (TTS) induced by single impulses. This information should serve as basis for the definition of noise exposure criteria for harbor porpoises. The measurements of TTS were conducted on a harbor porpoise by measuring the auditory evoked potentials in ...
Duan Huawei - - 2009
Coke oven workers are regularly exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and have a high risk for lung cancer. Limited evidence has demonstrated a direct link between exposure to PAHs and early genetic damage in exposed workers. The cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) cytome assay is a comprehensive system for measuring DNA ...
Frei Patrizia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the population's exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) in industrialized countries. OBJECTIVES: To examine levels of exposure and the importance of different RF-EMF sources and settings in a sample of volunteers living in a Swiss city. METHODS: RF-EMF exposure of 166 volunteers from Basel, ...
Curiel Laura - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using localized harmonic motion (LHM) to monitor and control focused ultrasound surgery (FUS) in VX2 tumors in vivo. FUS exposures were performed on 13 VX2 tumors implanted in nine rabbits. The same transducer induced coagulation and generated a localized ...
Brown A L - - 2009
Environmental appraisals of transport infrastructure plans are generally conducted in situations where there will be a step change, or an abrupt change, in noise exposure. While there has been a number of studies of response to step changes in exposure, and seven previous reviews of subsets of these studies, understanding ...
Chen Guang-Di - - 2009
Workers exposed to industrial solvents are also frequently exposed to mechanical noise. In this study, a combination of a continuous noise (100 dB SPL) and an impact noise (110 dB SPL) was used to mimic the noise exposure in the workplace. A noise band of 10-20 kHz was used to ...
Mooney T Aran - - 2009
There is increasing concern that human-produced ocean noise is adversely affecting marine mammals, as several recent cetacean mass strandings may have been caused by animals' interactions with naval 'mid-frequency' sonar. However, it has yet to be empirically demonstrated how sonar could induce these strandings or cause physiological effects. In controlled ...
Triebig Gerhard - - 2009
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of several types of personal respiratory protection equipment at styrene exposed laminators under real work place conditions. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: 99 male styrene exposed workers were examined. During their lamination activities the average styrene concentrations in ...
Fetoni A R - - 2009
Increasing evidence suggests the involvement of oxidative stress in noise-induced hearing loss. The present study analysed, in an animal experimental model, the time course of the pathogenic mechanisms of noise-induced cochlear damage and the efficacy of the antioxidant drug N-acetylcysteine in reducing noise ototoxicity. Animals were divided into two groups, ...
Kong Soo-Keun - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of cigarette smoke on the auditory tube and middle ear mucosa after long-term exposure (4 and 6 months). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen rats were divided into 3 groups. The experimental groups were exposed to cigarette in a smoking chamber ...
Tanaka Chiemi - - 2009
Previous studies reported that exposure to non-traumatic level sounds after traumatic noise exposure reduced the degree of noise-induced hearing loss and hair cell stereocilia damage. The current study investigated the effects of a 3-day post-noise acoustic environment on the degree of noise-induced hearing loss and cochlear damage. Female chinchillas were ...
Brown A L - - 2009
Annoyance response to a change in noise exposure appears to demonstrate an excess response relative to those predicted from exposure-response curves obtained under steady-state conditions. This change effect also appears to persist well after the change. Numerous explanations have been postulated for this phenomenon. This paper catalogs the different explanations ...
Steyger Peter S - - 2009
High-intensity and/or prolonged exposure to noise causes temporary or permanent threshold shifts in auditory perception. Occupational exposure to solvents or administration of clinically important drugs, such as aminoglycoside antibiotics and cisplatin, also can induce permanent hearing loss. The mechanisms by which these ototoxic insults cause auditory dysfunction are still being ...
Ahlers Malte T - - 2009
Two exposure systems were developed for the measurement of retinal ganglion cell responses to light under the influence of pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic fields. Exposure characteristics were determined numerically for the GSM standards (900/1,800 MHz) and the UMTS standard (1,966 MHz) with specific absorption rates, averaged over the region of interest, ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >