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Knight Lisa L University of Vienna, - - 2014
Thorny catfishes produce stridulation sounds (SR) using their pectoral fins and drumming sounds (DR) via swimbladder mechanism in distress situations when hand-held in water and in air. Ladich (1997) argued that SR and DR are aimed at different receivers (predators) in different media. The aim of this study was to ...
Chen Zhi-Hui ZH College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee - - 2014
A light-regulated adenylyl cyclase, mPAC, was previously identified from the cyanobacterium Microcoleus chthonoplastes PCC7420. MPAC consists of a flavin-based blue light-sensing LOV domain and a catalytic domain. In this work, we expressed mPAC in an adenylate cyclase A null mutant (aca-) of the eukaryote Dictyostelium discoideum and tested to what ...
Hanssens Jochen J Laboratory of Plant Ecology, Department of Applied Ecology and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure links 653, B-9000 Ghent, - - 2014
Recently, contradicting evidence has been reported on the contribution of xylem and phloem influx into tomato fruits, urging the need for a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in fruit growth. So far, little research has been done on quantifying the effect of light intensity on the different contributors to ...
Bian Zhong Hua ZH Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, 100081, Beijing, P R China; Key Lab. of Energy Conservation and Waste Management of Agricultural Structures, Ministry of Agriculture, 100081, Beijing, P R - - 2014
Phytochemicals in vegetables are important for human health, and their biosynthesis, metabolism and accumulation are affected by environmental factors. Light condition (light quality, light intensity and photoperiod) is one of the most important environmental variables in regulating vegetable growth, development and phytochemical accumulation, particularly for vegetables produced in controlled environments. ...
Xu Feng - - 2014
Blue light irradiation was applied to postharvest strawberry fruit to explore its influence on anthocyanin content and anthocyanin biosynthetic enzyme activities. Strawberry fruit was irradiated with blue light at 40 μmol m-2 s-1 for 12 days at 5 °C. The results indicated that blue light treatment improved total anthocyanin content ...
Cantu Marcos A MA Ctr. for Computational Neurosci. and Neural Technol. (CompNet), Boston Univ., 677 Beacon St., Boston, MA 02215, - - 2014
One feature that might differentiate the three types of spontaneous rate (SR) auditory nerve fibers (ANFs) is the sharpness of frequency tuning at comparable sound pressure levels. My hypothesis, prior to modeling the tuning curves for each fiber type, was that low-SR fibers have a higher threshold for stimulation and ...
Blaker Kendra M KM University of Florida, Horticultural Sciences Department, Gainesville, FL, 32611, - - 2014
Fruit texture is a primary selection trait in southern highbush blueberry (SHB) breeding to increase fresh fruit postharvest quality and consumer acceptance. A novel crisp fruit texture has recently been identified among SHB germplasm. In this study, we developed a common set of descriptors that align sensory evaluation of blueberry ...
Gupta Suresh Kumar SK Repository of Tomato Genomics Resources, Department of Plant Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad-500046, - - 2014
Tomato fruit ripening is a complex metabolic process regulated by a genetical hierarchy. A subset of this process is also modulated by light-signaling, as mutants encoding negative regulators of phytochrome signal transduction, show higher accumulation of carotenoids. In tomato phytochromes are encoded by a multi-gene family, namely PhyA, PhyB1, PhyB2, ...
Vargas Roger I - - 2013
We examined spatial patterns of both sexes of oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), and its two most abundant parasitoids, Fopius arisanus (Sonan) and Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) in a commercial guava (Psidium guajava L.) orchard. Oriental fruit fly spatial patterns were initially random, but became highly aggregated with host fruit ...
Kadomura-Ishikawa Yasuko - - 2013
Anthocyanins are widespread, essential secondary metabolites in higher plants during color development in certain flowers and fruits. In strawberries, anthocyanins are also key contributors to fruit antioxidant capacity and nutritional value. However, the effects of different light qualities on anthocyanin accumulation in strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa, cv. Sachinoka) fruits remain ...
Fawole Olaniyi Amos - - 2013
 Harvest maturity discrimination was carried out for "Ruby" pomegranate cultivar in simulated handling conditions for long distant supply chains. Fruit were harvested at 3 different maturities along days after full bloom (DAFB); Harvest 1 (H1) at 133 DAFB, H2 at 143 DAFB, and H3 at 157 DAFB. The effects of ...
Tuan Pham Anh - - 2013
Seven partial-length cDNAs and 1 full-length cDNA that were involved in carotenoid biosynthesis and 2 partial-length cDNAs that encoded carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases were first isolated and characterised in 2 tartary buckwheat cultivars (Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.), Hokkai T8 and Hokkai T10. They were constitutively expressed at high levels in the leaves ...
Klee Harry J - - 2013
A new study demonstrates that tomato fruits engineered for high anthocyanin accumulation have extended shelf life and are less susceptible to a fungal pathogen. These phenotypes are related to the increased antioxidant capacity of the fruits and shed light on the role of oxidative processes in the later stages of ...
Moreira Ana S F P - - 2013
The Brazilian "campo rupestre" vegetation shows high light heterogeneity, characteristic which is often disregarded in ecophysiological studies due the difficult of obtaining accurate measurements in a complex environment. The aim of the present study it was to describe how much heterogeneous is the light distribution in this environment, as well ...
Park Woo Tae - - 2013
Radish (Raphanus sativus) sprouts have received attention as an important dietary vegetable in Asian countries. The flavonoid pathway leading to anthocyanin biosynthesis in radishes is induced by multiple regulatory genes as well as various developmental and environmental factors. We investigated anthocyanin accumulation and the transcript level of associated genes in ...
Cabrera Stephanie - - 2013
As a fly flies through its environment, static objects produce moving images on its retina, and this optic flow is essential for steering and course corrections. Different types of rotation and translation produce unique flow fields, which fly brains are wired to identify. However, a feature of optic flow unique ...
Lugrin Yves - - 2012
Seen from France, where Rank's "American" work is not well known, the Rank-Ferenczi relationship does not allow to state that the two learned colleagues were the best friends. Rank met Ferenczi in 1908, but their most valuable and fruitful working relationship is limited to the 1922-1924 time period. Their working ...
Levick Shaun R - - 2012
Spatial variability in the effects of fire on savanna vegetation structure is seldom considered in ecology, despite the inherent heterogeneity of savanna landscapes. Much has been learned about the effects of fire on vegetation structure from long-term field experiments, but these are often of limited spatial extent and do not ...
Pallottino Federico - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to extract a sorting rule for Tarocco orange fruit from several physicochemical and sensory tests performed on a marketable lot of 399 Tarocco orange fruits. RESULTS: The elastic tension at 5% strain (T(5) ) was found to be linearly correlated (r = 0.65) ...
Zhang Xiaonan - - 2012
A wide variety of animal species including humans and fruit flies see second-order motion lacking coherent spatiotemporal correlations in luminance. Recent electrophysiological recordings, together with intensive psychophysical studies, are bringing to light the neural underpinnings of second-order motion perception in mammals. However, where and how the higher-order motion signals are ...
Lim Juyun - - 2012
While previous research has suggested that bitterness is a key determinant of vegetable rejection, it is unknown what role odor may play. We therefore investigated the impact of retronasal odors on hedonic responses to 4 vegetables. Subjects (N = 132) tasted small samples with the nose open and closed and ...
Mito Tsuyoshi - - 2012
To evaluate the disinfectant effect of methylene blue (MB)-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) on a pathogenic strain of Acanthamoeba. Acanthamoeba castellanii (ATCC 50370) used in this study were treated under one of four experimental conditions: light irradiation and incubation in MB (L+M+), light irradiation and incubation in physiologic solution (L+M-), incubation ...
Kim Min-Kook - - 2012
Cadillac Mountain-the highest peak along the eastern seaboard of the United States-is a major tourist destination in Acadia National Park, Maine. Managing vegetation impact due to trampling on the Cadillac Mountain summit is extremely challenging because of the large number of visitors and the general open nature of landscape in ...
van der Snoek Eric M - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Anal cancer and preneoplastic anal lesions (anal intraepithelial neoplasia, AIN) rising especially in men having sex with men (MSM). There are no widely accepted treatment standards for AIN. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) using the systemic sensitizer meta-tetrahydroxyphenylchlorin (mTHPC) has the potential to treat the anal area even when ...
Henskens Frieda L - - 2012
Cyanolichens are usually stated to be bipartite (mycobiont plus cyanobacterial photobiont). Analyses revealed green algal carbohydrates in supposedly cyanobacterial lichens (in the genera Pseudocyphellaria, Sticta and Peltigera). Investigations were carried out to determine if both cyanobacteria and green algae were present in these lichens and, if so, what were their ...
Yoshimatsu Hidehiko - - 2012
Fingertip replantation in young children is difficult, especially in cases with amputation at subzone 1. Replantation is preferred whenever possible, but the identification of vessels of operative size can be very challenging. Non-enhanced angiography (NEA; Genial Viewer; Genial Light, Shizuoka, Japan) emits infrared light with the wavelength of 850 nm, which ...
Fontana Carla R - - 2012
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is based on the synergism of a photosensitive drug (a photosensitizer) and visible light to destroy target cells (e.g., malignant, premalignant, or bacterial cells). The aim of this study was to investigate the response of normal rat tongue mucosa to PDT following the topical application of hematoporphyrin ...
Zhang Huanqiu - - 2012
Fluorescent microtubes based on α-Keggin tungstosilicate and fluorescein (SiW(12)-F) have been obtained by using a simple method, which present tunable photoluminescence from sky blue to green to red by variation of excitation light. The SiW(12) component can inhibit photobleaching of fluorescein.
Geurts Katrien - - 2012
The relative abundance of indigenous and invasive frugivorous fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) was evaluated spatially and temporally along an altitudinal transect between 581-1650 m in the Uluguru Mountains near Morogoro, Tanzania. The polyphagous invasive fruit fly Bactrocera invadens Drew, Tsuruta, and White and the indigenous fruit fly Ceratitis rosa Karsch ...
Zucchi Ra - - 2011
Doryctobracon crawfordi (Viereck) was recorded in the states of Amapá and Roraima, Brazil. This is also the first time that this parasitoid is associated with Anastrepha atrigona Hendel from Geissospermum argenteum.
Eskesen Ida G - - 2011
The source characteristics of biosonar signals from sympatric killer whales and long-finned pilot whales in a Norwegian fjord were compared. A total of 137 pilot whale and more than 2000 killer whale echolocation clicks were recorded using a linear four-hydrophone array. Of these, 20 pilot whale clicks and 28 killer ...
Kéri S - - 2011
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is characterized by the impairment of the magnocellular/dorsal visual system. In this study, we explored how fragile X protein (FMRP) expression may affect visual functions in healthy participants. The percentage of FMRP-positive lymphocytes was measured using a rapid antibody test in blood smears of 100 male ...
Jha Shyam Narayan SN Agricultural Structures and Environmental Control Division, Central Institute of Post-harvest Engineering & Technology, Ludhiana, 141004 - - 2013
Firmness and toughness of fruit, peel and pulp of seven different mango cultivars were studied over a ripening period of ten days to investigate the effects of harvesting stages (early, mid and late) on fruit quality. Parameters were measured at equatorial region of fruits using TA-Hdi Texture Analyzer. The textural ...
Acker Céline - - 2011
A 51-years-old patient with polyadenopathies presents a non monotypic chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL): lymphocytes B CD5+, CD23+, CD22-,CD79b dim, FMC7- express κ (71%) and λ (21%) light chains withoutcoexpression. The caryotype shows two clones with one in evolution. Lymphoid clonality analysis by PCR (polymerase chain reaction) of the heavy and ...
Page Jennifer L - - 2011
This study examined the role of broadly distributed sensor populations in chemosensory searching, especially cross-stream heading adjustment. We used three-dimensional laser-induced fluorescence to collect chemical concentration data simultaneously with behavior observations of actively tracking blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus). Our analysis indicates that the spatial distribution of the odorant concentration field ...
Struts Andrey V - - 2011
Rhodopsin is a canonical member of the family of G protein-coupled receptors, which transmit signals across cellular membranes and are linked to many drug interventions in humans. Here we show that solid-state (2)H NMR relaxation allows investigation of light-induced changes in local ps-ns time scale motions of retinal bound to ...
Johnson Eric - - 2011
NMR order parameters are calculated from molecular dynamics computer simulations of ubiquitin and the apo (Ca(2+)-free) state of calbindin D(9k). Calculations are performed in an expanding reference frame so as to discriminate between the effects of short- and long-range motions. This approach reveals that the dominant contributions to the order ...
Eastman Margaret A - - 2011
Samples of three humic acids and one fulvic acid with 1% loading of benzene-d(6) in sealed glass tubes have been studied with solid-state deuterium quadrupole-echo nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Calculated spectra combining three motional models, two isotropic models and a third more restricted small-angle wobble (SAW) motional model, are fit ...
Aota Yoichi - - 2011
Analysis of sagittal vertical axis (SVA) on lateral spine radiographs in healthy normal volunteers. To determine the optimal arm position with the smallest negative shift in SVA. Radiographic visualization of spinal and pelvic sagittal morphology is difficult with the participant in a relaxed standing position because of interference from the ...
Nakvasina M A - - 2011
We studied the effect of UV light (240-390 nm) in doses of 75.5-4530 J/m(2)on functional properties and level of intracellular messengers (cAMP, Ca(2+), NO) in lymphocytic cells of the peripheral blood. Correcting effects of UV light in a dose of 151 J/m(2)on cytotoxic activity of lymphocytes against Ehrlich ascetic carcinoma ...
Andrews Claire - - 2011
During backstroke, an optimum shoulder entry angle of 180° has been anecdotally suggested; however, this has yet to be investigated biomechanically. The aim of this study was to quantify shoulder entry angles for advanced and intermediate backstroke swimmers. Six advanced (season's best <150 s) and six intermediate (season's best >160 s) 200-m backstroke swimmers ...
Carignani Elisa - - 2011
The internal rotations and interconformational jumps of ibuprofen in the solid state are fully characterized by the simultaneous analysis of a variety of low- and high-resolution NMR experiments for the measurement of several (13) C and (1) H spectral and relaxation properties, performed at different temperatures and, in some cases, ...
Hall Joseph W JW - - 2011
Experiment 1 examined detection and discrimination of monaural four-tone sequences composed of 400-, 500-, and 625-Hz sinusoids. In the baseline conditions, the masker was monaural composed of 25-Hz-wide bands of random noise centered on 320, 400, 500, 625, and 781 Hz. In the binaural masking release conditions, the noise was ...
Imamura Hisaji - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: With advanced electroencephalography (EEG) technology, 'wideband EEG' ranging from slow shift to high frequency oscillation (HFO) is clinically available to study human epileptogenesis. The purpose of our study is to clarify the relationship between slow shift, HFO and conventional electrocorticographic (ECoG) change. METHODS: A patient with right temporal lobe ...
Pienkowski Martin - - 2011
We have recently demonstrated that persistent, passive exposure of adult cats to bandlimited tone pip ensembles at moderate intensities (˜70 dB SPL) leads to a long-term suppression of neural activity in auditory cortex, in the absence of hearing loss. With wideband ensembles (4-20 kHz), the suppression is limited to the ...
Nordmeyer-Massner J A - - 2011
A method for characterizing the noise figure of preamplifiers at NMR frequencies is presented. The noise figure of preamplifiers as used for NMR and MRI detection varies with source impedance and with the operating frequency. Therefore, to characterize a preamplifier's noise behavior, it is necessary to perform noise measurements at ...
Li Tianhao - - 2011
To determine whether perceptual adaptation improves voice gender discrimination of spectrally shifted vowels and, if so, which acoustic cues contribute to the improvement. Voice gender discrimination was measured for 10 normal-hearing subjects, during 5 days of adaptation to spectrally shifted vowels, produced by processing the speech of 5 male and ...
Akeroyd Michael A - - 2010
The binaural beat has been used for over 100 years as a stimulus for generating the percept of motion. Classically the beat consists of a pure tone at one ear (e.g., 500 Hz) and the same pure tone at the other ear but shifted upward or downward in frequency (e.g., ...
Hsu Hsiu-Hao - - 2011
Falling onto the outstretched hand is the most common cause of upper extremity injury. This study develops an experimental model for evaluating the shoulder load during a simulated forward fall onto one hand with three different forearm axially rotated postures, and examines the shoulder abduction angle and shoulder flexion angle ...
Haywood Nicholas R - - 2010
The tendency to hear a sequence of alternating low (L) and high (H) frequency tones as two streams can be increased by a preceding induction sequence, even one composed only of same-frequency tones. Four experiments used such an induction sequence (10 identical L tones) to promote segregation in a shorter ...
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