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Huss Martina - - 2005
The perception of pitch for pure tones with frequencies falling inside low- or high-frequency dead regions (DRs) was examined. Subjects adjusted a variable-frequency tone to match the pitch of a fixed tone. Matches within one ear were often erratic for tones falling in a DR, indicating unclear pitch percepts. Matches ...
Bernstein Joshua G W - - 2005
Fundamental frequency (f0) difference limens (DLs) were measured as a function of f0 for sine- and random-phase harmonic complexes, bandpass filtered with 3-dB cutoff frequencies of 2.5 and 3.5 kHz (low region) or 5 and 7 kHz (high region), and presented at an average 15 dB sensation level (approximately 48 ...
Anderson Brian E - - 2005
Piano tones have partials whose frequencies are sharp relative to harmonic values. A listening test was conducted to determine the effect of inharmonicity on pitch for piano tones in the lowest three octaves of a piano. Nine real tones from the lowest three octaves of a piano were analyzed to ...
Witte Russell S - - 2005
To better understand the nature and time course for learning-induced cortical reorganization, we examined frequency-specific changes in auditory cortex as cats gradually improved at a difficult sound frequency discrimination task. Three adult cats were trained to discriminate between a tone pip at a fixed target frequency (S-) and a higher ...
Trainor Laurel J - - 2005
A critical period can be defined as a developmental window during which specific experience has a greater effect than at other times. Musical behavior involves many skills, including the basic encoding of pitch and time information, understanding scale and harmonic structure, performance, interpretation, and composition. We review studies of genetics, ...
Kohler Klaus J - - 2005
A new research paradigm is applied to F(0) synchronization with articulation, in peak and valley contours, under four principles: (a) Timing of F(0) contours enters the definitions of the pitch categories. (b) These phonetic exponents are linked to communicative functions. (c) The listener plays a pivotal role. (d) Contextualization of ...
Cedolin Leonardo - - 2005
Harmonic complex tones elicit a pitch sensation at their fundamental frequency (F0), even when their spectrum contains no energy at F0, a phenomenon known as "pitch of the missing fundamental." The strength of this pitch percept depends upon the degree to which individual harmonics are spaced sufficiently apart to be ...
Wright Beverly A - - 2005
When trying to detect a tonal signal in a continuous broadband noise, listeners attend selectively to both the frequency and the duration of the expected signal. However, it is not known whether they monitor separate or combined representations of these two attributes. To investigate this question, a probe-signal method was ...
Demany Laurent - - 2005
It is difficult to hear out individually the components of a "chord" of equal-amplitude pure tones with synchronous onsets and offsets. In the present study, this was confirmed using 300-ms random (inharmonic) chords with components at least 1/2 octave apart. Following each chord, after a variable silent delay, listeners were ...
Remijn Gerard B - - 2005
Two partly overlapping frequency glides can be perceived as consisting of a long pitch trajectory accompanied by a short tone in the temporal middle. It was found that the appearance of this middle tone could not be related to peripheral processes concerned with spectral splatter or combination tones that could ...
Hurley Raymond M - - 2005
Often ABR threshold testing employs clicks to assess high-frequency hearing, and low-frequency tone bursts to assess low-frequency sensitivity. While a maturation effect has been shown for click stimuli, similar data are lacking for low-frequency toneburst stimuli. Thus, 305 infants ranging in conceptional age (CA) from 33 weeks to 74 weeks ...
Sivasankar Mahalakshmi - - 2005
The present study was undertaken to examine if a subject's voice F0 responded not only to perturbations in pitch of voice feedback but also to changes in pitch of a side tone presented congruent with voice feedback. Small magnitude brief duration perturbations in pitch of voice or tone auditory feedback ...
Bee Mark A - - 2005
For both humans and other animals, the abilities to integrate separate sound elements over time into coherent perceptual representations, or 'auditory streams', and to segregate these auditory streams from other interleaved sounds are critical for hearing and vocal communication. In humans and European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) the ability to perceptually ...
Golay Laetitia - - 2005
One of the most constant findings of studies about selective attention is that detection of visual stimuli is enhanced when a visual cue is presented at the position of the upcoming target. In healthy participants, comparable benefits were reported when the cue was presented in a different modality than the ...
Ohgushi Kengo - - 2005
To investigate how the high pitched notes in a musical score are played on the piccolo, nine flutists produced tones of a C major scale, from C6 to C8, using their own piccolo. The fundamental frequency of each tone was measured. The results showed that all tones were produced higher ...
Schmulian Dunay - - 2005
The accuracy of dichotic multiple frequency auditory steady state in predicting pure-tone thresholds at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4.0 kHz compared to an ABR protocol (click and tone burst at 0.5 kHz) were explored in a group of 25 hearing-impaired subjects across the degree and configuration spectrum. Mean steady state ...
Keller Peter E - - 2005
Three experiments investigated whether adding metric (higher-order, periodic) structure to tone sequences stabilizes syncopated finger tapping. Participants tapped in antiphase with metronomic tone sequences in which accents--produced by sounding two tones simultaneously--occurred regularly every two, three, or four tones (metric), occurred unpredictably (irregular), occurred on every tone (heavy beat), or ...
Qin Ling - - 2005
Harmonic complex tones produce pitch-height perception corresponding to the fundamental frequency (F0). This study investigates how the spectral cue of F0 is processed in neurons of the primary auditory cortex (A1) with sustained-response properties. We found F0-sensitive and -insensitive cells: the former discriminated between harmonics and noise, while the latter ...
Stoop R - - 2004
Recent evidence suggests that the compressive nonlinearity responsible for the extreme dynamic range of the mammalian cochlea is implemented in the form of Hopf amplifiers. Whereas Helmholtz's original concept of the cochlea was that of a frequency analyzer, Hopf amplifiers can be stimulated not only by one, but also by ...
Laneau Johan - - 2004
The effect of the filter bank on fundamental frequency (F0) discrimination was examined in four Nucleus CI24 cochlear implant subjects for synthetic stylized vowel-like stimuli. The four tested filter banks differed in cutoff frequencies, amount of overlap between filters, and shape of the filters. To assess the effects of temporal ...
Sinico Michele - - 2004
The present paper describes the influence on perceptual simultaneity of the bichord interval between two pure tones. In the experiment, 30 participants (musicians and nonmusicians) listened to tone pairs (bichords: C-D, C-E flat; C-F sharp; C-G) with different degrees of asynchronization and indicated whether two tones had been simultaneous or ...
Nizami Lance - - 2004
Detection thresholds were obtained for Gaussian-shaped tone-pips of 1, 2, 3, or 4 periods duration for 20 frequencies spanning 50-3,000 Hz, in quiet, and in high-pass noise, for a single exceptionally patient and experienced listener. Thresholds were fitted by straight lines in decibels SPL versus the logarithm of duration. Slopes ...
Patel Aniruddh D - - 2005
Musically tone-deaf individuals have psychophysical deficits in detecting pitch changes, yet their discrimination of intonation contours in speech appears to be normal. One hypothesis for this dissociation is that intonation contours use coarse pitch contrasts which exceed the pitch-change detection thresholds of tone-deaf individuals (). We test this idea by ...
Choi Chul-Hee - - 2004
A new method is developed to construct a cochlear transducer function using modulation of the summating potential (SP), a dc component of the electrical response of the cochlea to a sinusoid. It is mathematically shown that the magnitude of the SP is determined by the even-order terms of the power ...
Mori Shuji - - 2004
In the present study, we examined the frequency dependence of auditory search performance. Detection thresholds were measured for an 800-Hz target tone in a sequence of distractor tones (informational masking) as a function of frequency separation between the target and the distractor tones. The results showed that the thresholds decreased ...
Diemer Franck - - 2004
The behavior of nickel-titanium instruments depends largely on the cross-section of the working part. The effect of pitch length was evaluated using two instruments with the same cross-section (triple helix; 0.6% taper). One had a short pitch (0.5 mm at the tip to 0.9 mm at 16 mm at the ...
Picton Terence W - - 2004
Electromagnetic artifacts can occur when recording multiple auditory steady-state responses evoked by sinusoidally amplitude modulated (SAM) stimuli. High-intensity air-conducted stimuli evoked responses even when hearing was prevented by masking. Additionally, high-intensity bone-conducted stimuli evoked responses that were completely different from those evoked by air-conducted stimuli of similar sensory level. These ...
van der Heijden Marcel - - 2005
The nonlinear cochlear phenomenon of two-tone suppression is known to be very fast, but precisely how fast is unknown. We studied the timing of low-side suppression in the auditory nerve of the cat using multitone complexes as auditory stimuli. An evalution of the group delays of the responses to these ...
Fishman Yonatan I - - 2004
Auditory stream segregation refers to the organization of sequential sounds into "perceptual streams" reflecting individual environmental sound sources. In the present study, sequences of alternating high and low tones, "...ABAB...," similar to those used in psychoacoustic experiments on stream segregation, were presented to awake monkeys while neural activity was recorded ...
Shelton Keith L - - 2004
Both noncontingent cocaine and the presentation of cocaine-paired external stimuli will reinstate cocaine-appropriate operant responding. However, the interaction of noncontingent cocaine and cocaine-paired stimuli in producing reinstatement has not been extensively examined. In the present study, the ability of noncontingent cocaine alone, the combination of noncontingent cocaine + contingent cocaine-paired ...
Keller Peter - - 2004
This study addresses the demands of alternating bimanual syncopation, a coordination mode in which the two hands move in alternation while tapping in antiphase with a metronomic tone sequence. Musically trained participants were required to engage in alternating bimanual syncopation and five other coordination modes: unimanual syncopation where taps are ...
Gockel Hedwig - - 2004
Carlyon and Shackleton [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 95, 3541-3554 (1994)] presented an influential study supporting the existence of two pitch mechanisms, one for complex tones containing resolved and one for complex tones containing only unresolved components. The current experiments provide an alternative explanation for their finding, namely the existence of ...
Scarff Carrie J - - 2004
Auditory functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies are limited by the presence of noise produced by echo planar imaging (EPI). The current study quantifies the effect of MR scanner noise on psychophysical measures of the perception of loudness and on measures of tonotopy, the representation of auditory frequencies within the ...
Chambers Christopher D - - 2004
The octave illusion is elicited by a sequence of tones presented to each ear that continuously alternate in frequency by one octave, but with high and low frequencies always in different ears. The percept for most listeners is a high pitch in one ear, alternating with a low pitch in ...
Fujioka Takako - - 2004
In music, melodic information is thought to be encoded in two forms, a contour code (up/down pattern of pitch changes) and an interval code (pitch distances between successive notes). A recent study recording the mismatch negativity (MMN) evoked by pitch contour and interval deviations in simple melodies demonstrated that people ...
Cusack Rhodri - - 2004
When a mixture of sound from many sources arrives at the ear, the auditory system attempts to segregate it into different perceptual streams. For sequences of sounds, the effects of basic acoustic properties (e.g., frequency separation, rate) on streaming are well understood, but much less is known about the effects ...
Weisz N - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The possibility of simultaneously observing activation of primary and secondary auditory cortices has been demonstrated by Engelien et al. [Hear Res 2000;148:153-60]. METHODS: Such a dual monitoring by means of neuromagnetic recordings can be achieved when a subject is stimulated by brief pulses of 40Hz-modulated tones. Depending on the ...
Stainsby Thomas H - - 2004
The influence of temporal cues on sequential stream segregation was investigated using five elderly hearing-impaired listeners. In experiment 1, an alternating pattern of A and B tones was used. Each tone was a harmonic complex with a 100-Hz fundamental, with one of three passbands (1250-2500, 1768-3636, or 2500-5000 Hz) and ...
Burk Matthew H - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to compare auditory thresholds obtained for continuous and pulsed tones in listeners with normal hearing. Auditory thresholds, test-retest reliability, false-positive responses, and listener preference were compared for both signals. Hearing thresholds and test-retest reliability were comparable for the 2 signals, and there were no ...
Renken Remco - - 2004
In a two-alternative, forced-choice experiment, subjects had to compare the pitches of two sounds, A and B. Each sound was composed of four successive harmonics of a fundamental frequency between 100 to 250 Hz, added in cosine or Schröder phase. The harmonic frequencies of A were lower than those of ...
Kano Shigeyuki - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the acoustic transfer function of the Eustachian tube by means of audiometric measurements in order to evaluate the severity of the patulous condition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Detection thresholds for tones presented in the nasal cavity (at the nostril) were measured in subjects with a patulous Eustachian tube ...
Grossberg Stephen - - 2004
Multiple sound sources often contain harmonics that overlap and may be degraded by environmental noise. The auditory system is capable of teasing apart these sources into distinct mental objects, or streams. Such an 'auditory scene analysis' enables the brain to solve the cocktail party problem. A neural network model of ...
Rowan Daniel - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: That static ear canal air pressure (ECP) influences the frequency of spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SOAEs) suggests that it may influence intracochlear, in addition to middle ear, processes. A previous study suggested that ECP influences pure tone pitch perception at 1,000 Hz, which was interpreted as indicating an effect on ...
Smith Nicholas A - - 2004
The role of 2 psychological processes, differentiation and organization, were examined in the perception of musical tonality. Differentiation distinguishes elements from one another and was varied in terms of the distribution of pitch durations within tone sequences. Organization establishes relations between differentiated elements and was varied in terms of either ...
Brosch Michael - - 2004
This study demonstrates that non-human primates can categorize the direction of the pitch change of tones in a sequence. Two Macaca fascicularis were trained in a positive-reinforcement behavioral paradigm in which they listened to sequences of a variable number of different acoustic items. The training of discriminating pitch direction was ...
Bee Mark A - - 2004
Auditory stream segregation refers to the perceptual grouping of sounds, to form coherent representations of objects in the acoustic scene, and is a fundamental aspect of hearing and speech perception. The perceptual segregation of simple interleaved tone sequences has been studied in humans and European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) using sequences ...
Oxenham Andrew J - - 2004
The ability to extract a pitch from complex harmonic sounds, such as human speech, animal vocalizations, and musical instruments, is a fundamental attribute of hearing. Some theories of pitch rely on the frequency-to-place mapping, or tonotopy, in the inner ear (cochlea), but most current models are based solely on the ...
Kishon-Rabin Liat - - 2004
Difference limen for frequency (DLF) is traditionally tested using a frequency increment detection paradigm in which listeners are requested to distinguish between a reference tone and a series of comparison tones of higher frequency. Sporadic findings indicated that an increment paradigm is not necessarily comparable to a decrement paradigm, in ...
Brattico Elvira - - 2003
We determined whether the human N1 evoked by tones with different frequencies might be affected by a brief discrimination-training at one specific frequency. During 1 h training, subjects learned to discriminate a 1062 Hz tone from another tone. Before and after training, subjects heard for 26 min tones with a ...
White Louise J - - 2003
Previous research has shown that fundamental frequency (F0) discrimination thresholds for complex tones containing unresolved harmonics decrease as the duration of the tone increases [White and Plack, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 103, 2051-2063 (1998)]. In this paper F0 discrimination was measured as a function of duration for complexes with F0s ...
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