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Ritter Walter - - 2006
To promote preattenive grouping of two sets of tones, one set of tones with a combination of frequency and ear of delivery was intermixed with another set of tones with a different combination of frequency and ear of delivery. The ERPs elicited by tones delivered to one ear that were ...
Lee Tiffany T Y - - 2006
The acoustic frequency ranges in birdsongs provide important absolute pitch cues for the recognition of conspecifics. Black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus), mountain chickadees (Poecile gambeli), and zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) were trained to sort tones contiguous in frequency into 8 ranges on the basis of associations between response to the tones ...
Dawes P J D - - 2006
The results of tympanoplasty may be reported in a variety of ways. Pure-tone audiometry underpins reporting, yet there is no constancy in the pure-tone threshold average used. We examine the relationship between the 0.5, 1, 2 kHz, 0.5, 1, 2, 3 kHz and 0.5, 1, 2, 4 kHz pure-tone audiometry ...
Moore Brian C J BC Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EB, England. - - 2006
The effect of level and frequency on the audibility of partials was measured for complex tones with partials uniformly spaced on an equivalent rectangular bandwidth (ERB(N)) number scale. On each trial, subjects heard a sinusoidal "probe" followed by a complex tone. The probe was mistuned downwards or upwards (at random) ...
Gockel Hedwig H MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, United Kingdom. - - 2006
Percent correct performance for discrimination of the fundamental frequency (0) of a complex tone was measured as a function of the level of a background pink noise (using fixed values of the difference in F0, deltaF0) and compared with percent correct performance for detection of the complex tone in noise, ...
Gibson Gabriella G Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich at Medway, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, United Kingdom. - - 2006
Mosquitoes hear with their antennae, which in most species are sexually dimorphic. Johnston, who discovered the mosquito auditory organ at the base of the antenna 150 years ago, speculated that audition was involved with mating behaviour. Indeed, male mosquitoes are attracted to female flight tones. The male auditory organ has ...
Lovell J M - - 2006
The organisation of the statocyst hair cells and auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) generated by the afferents in three body size classes of prawn (Palaemon serratus) have been studied using a combination of anatomical, electron microscopic and electrophysiological approaches. The statistical examination of the relationship between the sensory setae and body ...
Epstein Michael - - 2006
The majority of studies on induced loudness reduction (ILR) use an experimental paradigm that results in an underestimation of the amount of ILR. Most of those studies utilize loudness matches between tones of two different frequencies (a test tone and a comparison tone) with (experimental condition) and without (baseline condition) ...
Winkler István - - 2006
One important principle of object processing is exclusive allocation. Any part of the sensory input, including the border between two objects, can only belong to one object at a time. We tested whether tones forming a spectro-temporal border between two sound patterns can belong to both patterns at the same ...
Thyer Nick - - 2006
Discrimination thresholds for short duration nonlinear tone glides that differed in glide rate were measured in order to determine whether cues related to rate of frequency change alone were sufficient for discrimination. Thresholds for rising and falling nonlinear glides of 50-ms and 400-ms duration, spanning three frequency excursions (0.5, 1, ...
Wagner Eva - - 2006
Induced loudness reduction (ILR) is the decline in the loudness of a weaker tone induced by a preceding stronger tone. In this study we investigate how ILR depends on exposure time and signal frequency. For 12 listeners, successive magnitude estimation was used to measure the loudness of 70-dB-SPL test tones, ...
Gorga Michael P MP Boys Town National Research Hospital, Omaha, Nebraska 68131, USA. - - 2006
A retrospective medical record review of evoked potential and audiometric data were used to determine the accuracy with which click-evoked and tone burst-evoked auditory brain stem response (ABR) thresholds predict pure-tone audiometric thresholds. The medical records were reviewed of a consecutive group of patients who were referred for ABR testing ...
Donovan Oliver O OO Department of Biosurgery and Surgical - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to investigate trunk and knee strength in practitioners of hard-style martial arts. An additional objective was to examine reaction times in these participants by measuring simple reaction times (SRT), choice reaction times (CRT) and movement times (MT). Thirteen high-level martial artists and twelve sedentary ...
Moore Brian C J BC Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EB, England. - - 2006
Thresholds for discriminating the fundamental frequency (FO) of a complex tone, FODLs, are small when low harmonics are present, but increase when the number of the lowest harmonic, N, is above eight. To assess whether the relatively small FODLs for N in the range 8-10 are based on (partly) resolved ...
Gockel Hedwig - - 2005
Ciocca and Darwin [V. Ciocca and C. J. Darwin, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 105, 2421-2430 (1999)] reported that the shift in residue pitch caused by mistuning a single harmonic (the fourth out of the first 12) was the same when the mistuned harmonic was presented after the remainder of the ...
Schneider Peter - - 2005
The musical pitch of harmonic complex sounds, such as instrumental sounds, is perceived primarily by decoding either the fundamental pitch (keynote) or spectral aspects of the stimuli, for example, single harmonics. We divided 334 professional musicians, including symphony orchestra musicians, 75 amateur musicians, and 54 nonmusicians, into either fundamental pitch ...
Tramo Mark Jude - - 2005
We present original results and review literature from the past fifty years that address the role of primate auditory cortex in the following perceptual capacities: (1) the ability to perceive small differences between the pitches of two successive tones; (2) the ability to perceive the sign (i.e., direction) of the ...
Fitzgerald Matthew B - - 2005
Noise that is amplitude modulated at rates ranging from 40 to 850 Hz can elicit a sensation of pitch. Here, the processing of this temporally based pitch was investigated using a perceptual-learning paradigm. Nine listeners were trained (1 hour per day for 6-8 days) to discriminate a standard rate of ...
Shahin Antoine - - 2005
We investigated whether N1 and P2 auditory-evoked responses are modulated by the spectral complexity of musical sounds in pianists and non-musicians. Study participants were presented with three variants of a C4 piano tone equated for temporal envelope but differing in the number of harmonics contained in the stimulus. A fourth ...
Brimijoin W Owen WO Center for Navigation and Communication Sciences, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642-8603, - - 2005
Two-tone stimuli have traditionally been used to reveal regions of inhibition in auditory spectral receptive fields, particularly for neurons with low spontaneous rates. These techniques reveal how different frequencies excite or suppress the response to an excitatory frequency of a cell, but have often been assessed at a fixed masker-probe ...
Darwin C J - - 2005
Are the conditions for illusory auditory continuity entirely local in frequency, or are judgments of continuity made on auditory objects? Listeners made continuous/pulsating judgments on a variety of complex tones that repeatedly alternated with a 100- to 500-Hz bandpass noise. A sufficiently quiet complex tone was heard as continuous when ...
Shofner William P - - 2005
Behavioral responses obtained from chinchillas trained to discriminate a cosine-phase harmonic tone complex from wideband noise indicate that the perception of 'pitch' strength in chinchillas is largely influenced by periodicity information in the stimulus envelope. The perception of 'pitch' strength was examined in chinchillas in a stimulus generalization paradigm after ...
Demany Laurent - - 2005
The discriminability of short tone bursts differing in frequency was measured in terms of the sensitivity index d' as a function of interstimulus interval (ISI). The two stimuli presented on each trial consisted of either 6 or 30 sinusoidal cycles. When the frequency of the first stimulus varied randomly and ...
Laneau Johan - - 2006
Music perception and appraisal is very poor in cochlear implant (CI) subjects partly because (musical) pitch is inadequately transmitted by the current clinically used sound processors. A new sound processing scheme (F0mod) was designed to optimize pitch perception, and its performance for music and pitch perception was compared in four ...
Huss Martina - - 2005
Some hearing-impaired subjects report pure tones as sounding highly distorted and noise-like. We assessed whether such reports indicate that the tone frequency falls inside a dead region (DR). Nine hearing-impaired and four normally hearing subjects rated pure tones on a scale from 1 to 7, where 1 indicates clear tone ...
Neely Stephen T ST Boys Town National Research Hospital, 555 North 30th Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68131, - - 2005
Stimulus-frequency otoacoustic emissions (SFOAEs) are typically derived as the difference in sound pressure in the ear canal with and without a suppressor tone added to the probe tone. A novel variation of this method applies a sinusoidal amplitude modulation (AM) to the suppressor tone, which causes the SFOAE to also ...
Repp Bruno H BH Haskins Laboratories, 300 George Street, New Haven, CT 06511-6624, USA. - - 2006
Many recent studies have investigated whether visual (spatial) illusions affect visual (spatio-temporal) action control, with results that are far from simple. The present study asks the analogous question with regard to auditory temporal perception and action timing. The auditory illusion chosen for this particular study is the effect of increasing ...
Sinex Donal G - - 2005
The human auditory system has an exceptional ability to separate competing sounds, but the neural mechanisms that underlie this ability are not understood. Responses of inferior colliculus (IC) neurons to "mistuned" complex tones were measured to investigate possible neural mechanisms for spectral segregation. A mistuned tone is a harmonic complex ...
Wade Travis - - 2005
The rate of context speech can influence phonetic perception. This study investigated the bounds of rate dependence by observing the influence of nonspeech precursor rate on speech categorization. Three experiments tested the effects of pure-tone precursor presentation rate on the perception of a [ba]-[wa] series defined by duration-varying formant transitions ...
Akeroyd Michael A - - 2005
The phenomenon of auditory streaming reflects the perceptual organization of sounds over time. A series of "A" and "B" tones, presented in a repeating "ABA-ABA" sequence, may be perceived as one "galloping" stream or as two separate streams, depending on the presentation rate and the A-B frequency separation. The present ...
Flach Rüdiger - - 2005
The present study examined changes in timing at the transition from synchronization to continuation tapping and the role played by knowledge of the transition. Three experiments employed a pseudo-synchronization paradigm: At the transition, the pacing tones were replaced by identical feedback tones. In Experiment 1, participants were not informed when ...
Fay Richard R - - 2005
Classical conditioning and stimulus generalization methods have revealed much about the sense of hearing in non-human animals, and are now used here to investigate how goldfish perceive a variety of complex sounds, including multi-harmonic complexes and rippled noise (RN). In several experiments, animals were conditioned to respond to one type ...
Lakatos Peter - - 2005
We compared onset latencies for characteristic frequency pure tone and broadband noise responses in AI and posterior belt regions of the auditory cortex in awake macaques. We found that (1) in AI, responses to characteristic frequency tones and broadband noise have similar latencies, (2) in belt regions, characteristic frequency tone ...
Huss Martina - - 2005
The perception of pitch for pure tones with frequencies falling inside low- or high-frequency dead regions (DRs) was examined. Subjects adjusted a variable-frequency tone to match the pitch of a fixed tone. Matches within one ear were often erratic for tones falling in a DR, indicating unclear pitch percepts. Matches ...
Bernstein Joshua G W JG Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA. - - 2005
Fundamental frequency (f0) difference limens (DLs) were measured as a function of f0 for sine- and random-phase harmonic complexes, bandpass filtered with 3-dB cutoff frequencies of 2.5 and 3.5 kHz (low region) or 5 and 7 kHz (high region), and presented at an average 15 dB sensation level (approximately 48 ...
Anderson Brian E - - 2005
Piano tones have partials whose frequencies are sharp relative to harmonic values. A listening test was conducted to determine the effect of inharmonicity on pitch for piano tones in the lowest three octaves of a piano. Nine real tones from the lowest three octaves of a piano were analyzed to ...
Witte Russell S - - 2005
To better understand the nature and time course for learning-induced cortical reorganization, we examined frequency-specific changes in auditory cortex as cats gradually improved at a difficult sound frequency discrimination task. Three adult cats were trained to discriminate between a tone pip at a fixed target frequency (S-) and a higher ...
Trainor Laurel J - - 2005
A critical period can be defined as a developmental window during which specific experience has a greater effect than at other times. Musical behavior involves many skills, including the basic encoding of pitch and time information, understanding scale and harmonic structure, performance, interpretation, and composition. We review studies of genetics, ...
Kohler Klaus J - - 2005
A new research paradigm is applied to F(0) synchronization with articulation, in peak and valley contours, under four principles: (a) Timing of F(0) contours enters the definitions of the pitch categories. (b) These phonetic exponents are linked to communicative functions. (c) The listener plays a pivotal role. (d) Contextualization of ...
Cedolin Leonardo L Eaton-Peabody Laboratory, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, 243 Charles St., Boston, Massachusetts 02114. - - 2005
Harmonic complex tones elicit a pitch sensation at their fundamental frequency (F0), even when their spectrum contains no energy at F0, a phenomenon known as "pitch of the missing fundamental." The strength of this pitch percept depends upon the degree to which individual harmonics are spaced sufficiently apart to be ...
Wright Beverly A - - 2005
When trying to detect a tonal signal in a continuous broadband noise, listeners attend selectively to both the frequency and the duration of the expected signal. However, it is not known whether they monitor separate or combined representations of these two attributes. To investigate this question, a probe-signal method was ...
Demany Laurent - - 2005
It is difficult to hear out individually the components of a "chord" of equal-amplitude pure tones with synchronous onsets and offsets. In the present study, this was confirmed using 300-ms random (inharmonic) chords with components at least 1/2 octave apart. Following each chord, after a variable silent delay, listeners were ...
Remijn Gerard B - - 2005
Two partly overlapping frequency glides can be perceived as consisting of a long pitch trajectory accompanied by a short tone in the temporal middle. It was found that the appearance of this middle tone could not be related to peripheral processes concerned with spectral splatter or combination tones that could ...
Hurley Raymond M - - 2005
Often ABR threshold testing employs clicks to assess high-frequency hearing, and low-frequency tone bursts to assess low-frequency sensitivity. While a maturation effect has been shown for click stimuli, similar data are lacking for low-frequency toneburst stimuli. Thus, 305 infants ranging in conceptional age (CA) from 33 weeks to 74 weeks ...
Sivasankar Mahalakshmi M Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, - - 2005
The present study was undertaken to examine if a subject's voice F0 responded not only to perturbations in pitch of voice feedback but also to changes in pitch of a side tone presented congruent with voice feedback. Small magnitude brief duration perturbations in pitch of voice or tone auditory feedback ...
Bee Mark A - - 2005
For both humans and other animals, the abilities to integrate separate sound elements over time into coherent perceptual representations, or 'auditory streams', and to segregate these auditory streams from other interleaved sounds are critical for hearing and vocal communication. In humans and European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) the ability to perceptually ...
Golay Laetitia - - 2005
One of the most constant findings of studies about selective attention is that detection of visual stimuli is enhanced when a visual cue is presented at the position of the upcoming target. In healthy participants, comparable benefits were reported when the cue was presented in a different modality than the ...
Ohgushi Kengo - - 2005
To investigate how the high pitched notes in a musical score are played on the piccolo, nine flutists produced tones of a C major scale, from C6 to C8, using their own piccolo. The fundamental frequency of each tone was measured. The results showed that all tones were produced higher ...
Schmulian Dunay - - 2005
The accuracy of dichotic multiple frequency auditory steady state in predicting pure-tone thresholds at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4.0 kHz compared to an ABR protocol (click and tone burst at 0.5 kHz) were explored in a group of 25 hearing-impaired subjects across the degree and configuration spectrum. Mean steady state ...
Keller Peter E - - 2005
Three experiments investigated whether adding metric (higher-order, periodic) structure to tone sequences stabilizes syncopated finger tapping. Participants tapped in antiphase with metronomic tone sequences in which accents--produced by sounding two tones simultaneously--occurred regularly every two, three, or four tones (metric), occurred unpredictably (irregular), occurred on every tone (heavy beat), or ...
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