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Royzman Edward - - 2014
The CAD triad hypothesis (Rozin, Lowery, Imada, & Haidt, 1999) stipulates that, cross-culturally, people feel anger for violations of autonomy, contempt for violations of community, and disgust for violations of divinity. Although the disgust-divinity link has received some measure of empirical support, the results have been difficult to interpret in ...
Blass Rachel B RB Heythrop College, 23 Kensington Square, London, W8 5HN, UK. - - 2014
It is well known that Melanie Klein held the view that 'fear of death' is the primary source of anxiety and that her position is explicitly opposed to that of Sigmund Freud, who maintained that that fear cannot in any way or form be a source of anxiety. In a ...
Giarelli Ellen E Drexel University College of Nursing and Health Professions, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Drs Giarelli and Hardie, and Ms Pagano and Mr. Yuan); Hahnemann University Hospital, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Dr Nocera); Department of Community Health and Prevention, Drexel University School of Public Health, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Dr Turchi); and St. Christopher's Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Dr - - 2014
Visits to the emergency department (ED) are stressful for any patient and pose special challenges and potential barriers to care for those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In addition, people (both children and adults) with ASD differ in their perception of, or responses to, environmental stimuli. Some people with ASD ...
Stojanoski Bobby Boge BB Brain and Mind Institute, Department of Psychology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada; Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Feature-based attention has been shown to aid object perception. Our previous ERP effects revealed temporally late feature-based modulation in response to objects relative to motion. The aim of the current study was to confirm the timing of feature-based influences on object perception while cueing within the feature dimension of shape. ...
Fuchs Thomas T Phenomenological Psychopathology and Psychiatry, University Clinic Heidelberg Heidelberg, - - 2014
There is a growing body of research indicating that bodily sensation and behavior strongly influences one's emotional reaction toward certain situations or objects. On this background, a framework model of embodied affectivity is suggested: we regard emotions as resulting from the circular interaction between affective qualities or affordances in the ...
Narne Vijaya Kumar - - 2013
Objective: The present study assesses the effect of companding on speech perception in quiet and noise for listeners with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD). Design: Speech perception was assessed using speech reception threshold in noise (SRTn) for sentences and consonant identification in quiet and at different signal-to-noise ratios (15, 10, ...
Gingras Bruno - - 2013
Emotions in music are conveyed by a variety of acoustic cues. Notably, the positive association between sound intensity and arousal has particular biological relevance. However, although amplitude normalization is a common procedure used to control for intensity in music psychology research, direct comparisons between emotional ratings of original and amplitude-normalized ...
Kirste Thomas - - 2013
Background: Early detection of behavioral changes in Alzheimer's disease (AD) would help the design and implementation of specific interventions. Objective: The target of our investigation was to establish a correlation between diagnosis and unconstrained motion behavior in subjects without major clinical behavior impairments. Method: We studied everyday motion behavior in ...
Dong Yujie - - 2013
This work is motivated by the growing prevalence of obesity, a health problem affecting over 500 million people. Measurements of energy intake are commonly used for the study and treatment of obesity. However, the most widely used tools rely upon self-report and require a considerable manual effort, leading to underreporting ...
Rajendran Vani G - - 2013
This study reports a role of temporal regularity on the perception of auditory streams. Listeners were presented with two-tone sequences in an A-B-A-B rhythm that was either regular or had a controlled amount of temporal jitter added independently to each of the B tones. Subjects were asked to report whether ...
Chang Chih-Hui - - 2013
We examined the influence of passive restraint on postural activity and motion sickness in individuals who actively controlled a potentially nauseogenic visual motion stimulus (a driving video game). Twenty-four adults (20.09 ± 1.56 years; 167.80 ± 7.94 cm; 59.02 ± 9.18 kg) were recruited as participants. Using elastic bands, standing participants were passively restrained at the head, shoulders, hips, ...
Ottaviani Cristina - - 2013
Given that the hypothesis of a common origin of physical and moral disgust has received sparse empirical support, this study aimed to shed light on the subjective and autonomic signatures of these two facets of the same emotional response. Participants (20 men, 20 women) were randomly assigned to physical or ...
Mazzilli Giacomo G School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston Campus, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK. - - 2013
People readily perceive patterns of shading as 3-D shapes. Owing to the generalised bas-relief ambiguity when extracting shape from shading, people must simultaneously estimate the shape of the surface and the nature of the light source. In many cases cues in the image will be insufficient to resolve all of ...
Barliya Avi A Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel. - - 2013
Here, we examine how different emotions-happiness, fear, sadness and anger-affect the kinematics of locomotion. We focus on a compact representation of locomotion properties using the intersegmental law of coordination (Borghese et al. in J Physiol 494(3):863-879, 1996), which states that, during the gait cycle of human locomotion, the elevation angles of ...
Naish Katherine R KR School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Earley Gate, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AL, UK. - - 2013
Recent evidence suggests that the mirror neuron system responds to the goals of actions, even when the end of the movement is hidden from view. To investigate whether this predictive ability might be based on the detection of early differences between actions with different outcomes, we used electromyography (EMG) and ...
Zucker Nancy N Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, USA. - - 2013
Nonverbal motion cues (a clenched fist) convey essential information about the intentions of the actor. Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have demonstrated impairment in deciphering intention from facial affective cues, but it is unknown whether such deficits extend to deciphering affect from body motion cues. We examined the capacities of ...
Yang Qiang - - 2012
The speed limit of 55mph (88km/h) is typically used on rural highways in the U.S. For locations where curbs are installed along these roadways, some transportation agencies have suggested the use of a lower 45mph (72km/h) speed limit because, according to AASHTO, running into curbs at high speeds may cause ...
Dong Jing-Tao - - 2012
The spectral nonlinear phase method and the Fourier amplitude method have been applied to measure the thin-film thickness profile in vertical scanning white-light interferometry (VSWLI). However, both the methods have their disadvantages, and accordingly their applications are limited. In the paper we have investigated the dependence of the sensitivities of ...
Reis Aldina - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Functional studies in patients with autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA) are usually confined to analysis of physiological and clinical impact at the ganglion cell (GG) and post GC levels. Here we aimed to investigate the impact of the disease at a pre-GC level and its correlation with GC/post-GC related ...
Tang Shi - - 2012
We present a solution-processed tri-layer light-emitting device architecture, comprising two hydrophobic and mobile-ion-containing "transport layers" sandwiching a hydrophilic and ion-free "intermediate layer", which allows for lowered self-absorption, minimized electrode quenching, and tunable light emission. Our results reveal that the transport layers can be doped in-situ when a voltage is applied, ...
Raven John A - - 2012
Macroalgae occur in the marine benthos from the upper intertidal to depths of more than 200 m, contributing up to 1 Pg C per year to global primary productivity. Freshwater macroalgae are mainly green (Chlorophyta) with some red (Rhodophyta) and a small contribution of brown (Phaeophyceae) algae, while in the ocean all three ...
Sun Yongfu - - 2012
Manipulation at the atomic level: Freestanding SnS(2) single-layers with three atom thickness were synthesized through an exfoliation strategy. The SnS(2) single-layers have an increased density of states at the valence band edge. A photoelectrode made from this material shows a visible-light conversion efficiency of 38.7 % that is superior to most ...
Lee Kun Seok - - 2012
Size-tunable titanium oxide (TiO(2)) nanotube powders offering both a light-scattering effect and a light-harvesting function were synthesized by a fast and facile anodizing method. When used to prepare the TiO(2) layer for a photoanode, their photovoltaic performances were much worse than that of a nanocrystal TiO(2) layer. However, when the ...
Watkins Lionel R - - 2012
We describe a simple spectroscopic ellipsometer that uses a geometric phase shifter and a white-light source to generate a small number of phase-stepped intensities I(λ), which are recorded by a spectrometer. The ellipsometric angles ψ and Δ are easily calculated from these intensities at each wavelength simultaneously. We show that ...
Pazzaglia Ugo E - - 2012
The lamellar architecture of secondary osteons (Haversian systems) has been studied with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in transverse sections of human cortical bone. Na(3) PO(4) etching was used to improve the resolution of the interface between neighboring lamellae and the precision of measurements. These technical improvements permitted testing of earlier ...
Duan Lian - - 2012
Tandem organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) are ideal for lighting applications due to their low working current density at high brightness. In this work, we have studied an efficient electron transporting layer of KBH<sub>4</sub> doped 9,10-bis(3-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)anthracene (DPyPA) which is located adjacent to charge generation layer of MoO<sub>3</sub>/NPB. The excellent transporting ...
Marschall Sebastian - - 2012
Recently, the wavelength range around 1060 nm has become attractive for retinal imaging with optical coherence tomography (OCT), promising deep penetration into the retina and the choroid. The adjacent water absorption bands limit the useful bandwidth of broadband light sources, but until now, the actual limitation has not been quantified ...
Chang Yi-An - - 2012
The effect of using chirped multiple quantum-well (MQW) structures in InGaN green light-emitting diodes (LEDs) is numerically investigated. An active structure, which is with both thick QWs with low indium composition on the p-side and thin QWs with high indium composition next to the n-region, is presented in this study. ...
Lee Jonghee - - 2012
We report on highly enhanced and controlled light outcoupling of bidirectional organic light-emitting diodes by introduction of an enhanced microcavity structure as well as an organic capping layer (OC). Combining both OC and microcavity, we find that the overall external quantum, as well as current efficiency (CE), can be greatly ...
Mohan Kabhilan - - 2012
Objective  To perform in vivo analysis of retinal functional and structural parameters in healthy mouse eyes. Animal Studied  Adult C57BL/6 male mice (n = 37). Procedures  Retinal function was evaluated using pattern electroretinography (pERG) and the chromatic pupil light reflex (cPLR). Structural properties of the retina and nerve fiber layer (NFL) were ...
Kim Chan Yun - - 2012
We assessed the agreement of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) color codes between Stratus and Cirrus optical coherence tomography (OCT) according to the glaucoma severity. We analyzed 184 eyes from 144 subjects with glaucoma and 40 normal subjects. Glaucoma was categorized into three subgroups according to mean deviation of visual ...
Cekic-Nagas Isil - - 2012
The objective of this study was to compare the light transmittance of zirconia in different thicknesses using various light curing units. A total of 21 disc-shaped zirconia specimens (5 mm in diameter) in different thicknesses (0.3, 0.5 and 0.8 mm) were prepared. The light transmittance of the specimens under three ...
Bailey Travis J - - 2012
These experiments assessed the ability of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) to accurately represent the structural organization of the adult zebrafish retina and reveal the dynamic morphologic changes during either light-induced damage and regeneration of photoreceptors or ouabain-induced inner retinal damage. Retinas of control dark-adapted adult albino zebrafish were compared ...
Scattone Luciane - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The clinical efficacy of intense pulsed light (IPL) in the treatment of poikiloderma of Civatte (PC) is well documented, but little is known about microscopic changes. OBJECTIVE: To analyze histopathologic findings on the necks of individuals with PC after IPL therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients with PC on ...
Li Junshuai - - 2012
Investigation of solar energy harvesting in hexagonally arranged Si nanowire (NW) arrays is performed through optimizing the structural parameters, such as array periodicity (P), Si NW diameter (D) and length (L). The results demonstrate that there exist wide P and D/P 'windows' for the Si NW arrays, locating around 600 nm ...
Lee Sungchan - - 2012
The plasterboard partition is composed of plasterboard, stud, runner and insulation; each component influences sound insulation performance of partitions. In this study, the sound insulation of plasterboard partitions varied in stud thickness and spacing was investigated. The partition was composed of two layers of fire-proof 12.5 mm plasterboard each side, ...
Tomohiko Matsuura - - 2012
This study proposes scatterers discrimination method by using underwater irradiance in addition to the usual acoustic method. Mean volume backscattering strengths (MVBS) at 38 and 120 kHz and underwater irradiance were measured at fixed locations in the north-western Pacific from 24 to 27 August, 2008. Two sound scattering layers (SSLs) ...
Miller Kristin S - - 2012
Crimp morphology is believed to be related to tendon mechanical behavior. While crimp has been extensively studied at slack or nondescript load conditions in tendon, few studies have examined crimp at specific, quantifiable loading conditions. Additionally, the effect of the number of cycles of preconditioning on collagen fiber crimp behavior ...
Xu Guowei - - 2012
Plasmonic graphene is fabricated using thermally assisted self-assembly of silver nanoparticles on graphene. The localized surface-plasmonic effect is demonstrated with the resonance frequency shifting from 446 to 495 nm when the lateral dimension of the Ag nanoparticles increases from about 50 to 150 nm. Finite-difference time-domain simulations are employed to ...
Mirchin Nina - - 2012
The evanescent light photon extraction efficiency of insulator, semiconductor and conductor amorphous nanolayers deposited on glass waveguides was evaluated from Differential Evanescent Light Intensity measurements. The Differential Evanescent Light Intensity technique uses the evanescent field scattered by the deposited nanolayer, enabling nanometer thickness profiling due to the high inherent dark ...
Qin Wan - - 2012
We developed a novel addressable discrete-line-scanning multiphoton microscope with high lateral and axial resolutions based on a spatial light modulator. Our discrete-line-focus design eliminates the cross talk that occurs in conventional one-dimensional line-scanning multiphoton microscopies. Additionally, a phase-only spatial light modulator is able to scan only a sample's target area ...
Motaghiannezam Reza - - 2012
We formulate a theory to show that the statistics of OCT signal amplitude and intensity are highly dependent on the sample reflectivity strength, motion, and noise power. Our theoretical and experimental results depict the lack of speckle amplitude and intensity contrasts to differentiate regions of motion from static areas. Two ...
Hendrickson Joshua - - 2012
We experimentally demonstrate a wideband near-perfect light absorber in the midwave IR region using a multiplexed plasmonic metal structure. The wideband near-perfect light absorber is made of two different size gold metal squares multiplexed on a thin dielectric spacing layer on top of a thick metal layer in each unit ...
Villoslada Pablo - - 2012
Objectives: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) frequently causes injury to the anterior visual pathway (AVP), impairing quality of life due to visual dysfunction. Development of biomarkers in MS is a high priority and both low-contrast visual acuity (LCVA) and time-domain optical coherence tomography (TD-OCT) have been proposed as candidates for this purpose. ...
Wang Peng - - 2012
Light-trapping is essential to improve the performance of thin-film solar cells. In this paper, we perform a parametric optimization of 1-D square and sinusoidal grating structures that act as nanophotonic scatterers to increase light absorption in ultra-thin (10nm) solar cells. Our optimization reveals that the short-circuit current density in a ...
Cho Hyunsu - - 2012
Circular polarizer (CP)-free, high-contrast inverted top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes (ITOLEDs) are demonstrated by using a semitransparent Ag electrode capped with a single dielectric layer as a top anode and Cs<sub>2</sub>CO<sub>3</sub> (1.5 nm)/Al (1.5 nm)/Cr (100nm) as a partially absorbing bottom cathode. Low luminous reflectance is achieved by combining the broadband ...
Yao Yan - - 2012
Light trapping across a wide band of frequencies is important for applications such as solar cells and photodetectors. Here, we demonstrate a new approach to light management by forming whispering-gallery resonant modes inside a spherical nanoshell structure. The geometry of the structure gives rise to a low quality-factor, facilitating the ...
Durso Laura E - - 2012
Objective : The present study examined the relationship between experiences of discrimination and occurrence of binge eating among overweight and obese persons, a population which has previously shown elevated rates of binge eating. Methods : Internet-based questionnaires were used to measure frequency and impact of discrimination, binge eating frequency, and ...
Sasaki Kyoshiro - - 2012
While viewing a large vertically moving sinusoidal luminance grating, the perception of upward self-motion (vection) was modulated by positive sounds (e.g., a baby's laughter). This may be because positive emotion and the spatial metaphor of vertical directions were unified in the mind.
Wallhäusser-Franke Elisabeth - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e34583 in vol. 7.].
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