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Kim Hyun Soo HS Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA. - - 2014
Microalgae are envisioned as a future source of renewable oil. The feasibility of producing high-value biomolecules from microalgae is strongly dependent on developing strains with increased productivity and environmental tolerance, understanding algal gene regulation, and optimizing growth conditions for higher production of target molecules. We present a high-throughput microfluidic microalgal ...
Hanning Sara M - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to investigate lecithin-rice bran oil rheological properties with the view to consider these as potential saliva substitutes in patients with severe xerostomia and salivary hypofunction. Pseudo-ternary phase diagrams of rice bran oil, lecithin and water mixtures were constructed and characterised using polarising light ...
Song Wuzhou - - 2013
We describe a reconfigurable lighting system for indoor solar illumination which provides a new way for solar energy conservation. We have experimentally demonstrated an electrically tunable optofluidic light switch which takes the key role for the reconfigurability. The working principle of the switch is based on applying a dielectrophoretic force ...
Asztalos Manuela L - - 2013
When treating psoriasis, various topical emollients exist that can affect the penetration of ultraviolet radiation in phototherapy. Compared with normal-appearing skin with a reflectance of 4% to 5%, psoriatic skin has higher reflectance as a result of its increased air-to-corneocyte interfaces. Studies have tested the effect of emollients on light ...
Ban Takahiko - - 2013
Oil droplets loaded with surfactant propel themselves with a velocity up to 6 mm s-1 when they are placed in an aqueous phase of NaOH solution or buffer solution. The required driving force for such motion is generated on the interface of the droplets by the change in interfacial tension ...
Harun Noor Hasmiza - - 2013
From the Malaysian harvester's perspective, the determination of the ripeness of the oil palm (FFB) is a critical factor to maximize palm oil production. A preliminary study of a novel oil palm fruit sensor to detect the maturity of oil palm fruit bunches is presented. To optimize the functionality of ...
Gholipour Kanani H - - 2012
There is a little available information on the suppressive effect of anaesthesia on immune response in fish, especially electro-anaesthesia. In the present study, two anaesthetics, MS222 (50 ppm), clove oil (25 ppm), and electro-anaesthesia were tested in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchusmykiss) during thenarcosis stage in order to observe their effects on ...
Caponio Francesco - - 2013
An experimental investigation was carried out with the aim to investigate on the isomerisation of 1,2-diacylglycerols to 1,3-diacylglycerols as a function of the storage conditions, as well as to identify indices useful to evaluate the freshness of the oils. Two oils derived from two different cultivars (Coratina and Ogliarola barese) ...
O'Hare Fleur - - 2012
Open angle glaucoma (OAG) is increasingly being viewed as an age-related neurodegenerative condition that may occur in individuals who are innately susceptible to global (autonomic) neural injury. Recent data support the plausibility of auditory neural impairment in a proportion of individuals with OAG, with results showing a key disruption to ...
Baek Jong Dae - - 2012
Optimal insertion angle of mammalian stereocilia is estimated from the finite element analysis of the tip motion of outer hair cells (OHCs) stereocilia. The OHC stereocilia motion in the acousticolateral system appears to result in the mechanoelectrical transduction channels. Deflection of the hair bundle towards the tallest row of stereocilia ...
Lee Sung-Eun - - 2012
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) induces the formation of toxic granulation neutrophils (TGNs), which are found in many inflammatory responses. Cell population data (CPD) may be able to clarify the effect of G-CSF, and potentially help doctors in discriminating the effect of G-CSF from other inflammatory situations. To achieve this, we ...
Martens William L - - 2012
Speech stimuli were presented from pairs of loudspeakers placed at matched azimuth angles on either side of the listening position in an anechoic chamber. The elevation angles of the loudspeaker pairs was either 10 degrees below ear level, 10 degrees above ear level, or 30 degrees above ear level. An ...
Son Jun Ho - - 2012
Cone-shaped nanostructures with controllable side-wall angle are success- fully fabricated with a SiO(2) nanosphere lithography (NSL) etching mask. Vertical LEDs with cone-shaped nanostructures with a 24.1° side-wall angle provide 6% more light output power compared to those using hexagonal pyramids formed by photochemical etching. This achievement is attributed to effective ...
Ou Yiyu - - 2012
In the present work, antireflective sub-wavelength structures have been fabricated on fluorescent 6H-SiC to enhance the white light extraction efficiency by using the reactive-ion etching method. Broadband and omnidirectional antireflection characteristics show that 6H-SiC with antireflective sub-wavelength structures suppress the average surface reflection significantly from 20.5 % to 1.01 % ...
Takeuchi Yuki - - 2011
Ovarian development of the sapphire devil, Chrysiptera cyanea, exhibits photoperiodism and is stimulated under long-day conditions. Previous studies suggest that red light is more effective than green and blue lights for inducing ovarian development. In addition, the extra-retinal photoreception involved in the ovarian development is suggested in this species. The ...
Sharma K K - - 2011
Assam (India) is endowed with natural resources like oil, coal and natural gas. The crude oil, one of the most precious natural resources, is found in the districts of upper Assam. During the process of extraction of crude oil, low-pressure natural gas is burnt in the air. Most of the ...
Sheen Shaw-Ching - - 2011
This work investigated the effect of exit spacing on audible noise levels generated by a multiple-jet nozzle, which replaces the single exit in a common nozzle with multiple smaller exits to reduce the risk of hearing damage. Sound measurements and 1/3-octave band analyses were performed for multiple-jet nozzles with varying ...
Laszlo Helga E - - 2011
The extent to which a glove modifies the risks from hand-transmitted vibration is quantified in ISO 10819:1996 by a measure of glove transmissibility determined with one vibration magnitude, one contact force with a handle and only three subjects. This study was designed to investigate systematically the vibration transmissibility of four ...
Cox Robyn M - - 2011
This study had two purposes. The first was to assess the prevalence of cochlear dead regions (DRs) among listeners with moderate to severe hearing loss that is typical of a large proportion of adult hearing aid wearers. The second was to determine whether subjects who tested positive for DRs differed ...
Faez Telli - - 2011
The subharmonic vibration of BR14 (Bracco Research S.A., Geneva, Switzerland) contrast agent microbubbles is investigated within the preferable frequency range for carotid ultrasound imaging (8-12 MHz). The response of the bubbles was recorded optically with an ultra-fast recording camera (Brandaris 128) at three acoustic pressures (50, 100 and 120 kPa). ...
Seizova-Cajic Tatjana T Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW 1825, Australia. - - 2011
Muscle vibration excites muscle spindles and creates illusory movement of a body part in a blindfolded individual. It is followed by an aftereffect, an illusion of return movement when vibration stops. The aftereffect reflects adaptation in the proprioceptive system. This adaptation is susceptible to attentional manipulations (Seizova-Cajic and Azzi in ...
Immonen Elina - - 2011
Male fruit flies sing to females with quiet, close-range wing vibrations. A new study has found that the flies' antennal ears show active tuning to the species-specific frequencies of songs.
Pettersson Hans - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: This study examined and compared the effect on temporary threshold shift in hearing (TTS) in healthy subjects of noise and hand-arm vibration (HAV) combined and separately using controlled and authentic exposure conditions. This study also investigated the effect on TTS in hearing in relation to gender after such exposures. ...
Hohberger Bettina - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of temporal frequency of temporal contrast adaptation on contrast sensitivity in healthy subjects. Temporal contrast sensitivities (TCS) were measured monocularly in seven healthy subjects with a modified ERG full-field bowl stimulator at eight different test temporal frequencies (9, 15, 20, ...
Cervera-Ferri Ana A Departament d'Anatomia i Embriologia Humana, Facultat de Medicina, Universitat de València, Avd. Blasco Ibañez 15, Valencia, Spain. - - 2011
Oscillatory coupling between distributed areas can constitute a mechanism for neuronal integration. Theta oscillations provide temporal windows for hippocampal processing and only appear during certain active states of animals. Since previous studies have demonstrated that nucleus incertus (NI) contributes to the generation of hippocampal theta activity, in this paper, we ...
Zheng Jiefu - - 2011
Tones cause vibrations within the hearing organ. Conventionally, these vibrations are thought to reflect the input and therefore end with the stimulus. However, previous recordings of otoacoustic emissions and cochlear microphonic potentials suggest that the organ of Corti does continue to move after the end of a tone. These after-vibrations ...
Pollock Ross D - - 2011
Whole body vibration (WBV) may enhance muscular strength and power but little is known about its influence on sensory-motor function. Vibration of a single muscle or tendon affects the afferent system in a manner that depends on amplitude and frequency. WBV stimulates many muscle groups simultaneously and the frequencies and ...
Bernosky-Smith Kimberly A - - 2011
Compared with non‐bingers, binge drinkers are more likely to drive while intoxicated. The extent to which binge frequency impacts confidence in driving and subsequent driving impairment is unknown. This study compared the effects of an experimenter‐delivered alcohol binge on subjective impairment and simulated driving ability in female high‐frequency and low‐frequency ...
van Engelen S J P M - - 2011
Structural vibration testing might be a promising method to study the mechanical properties of spinal motion segments as an alternative to imaging and spinal manipulation techniques. Structural vibration testing is a non-destructive measurement technique that measures the response of a system to an applied vibration as a function of frequency, ...
Sergiy Kochubey - - 2011
The role of 'noisy' excitation in synchronizing interneuron networks with shunting synapses was studied. The excitatory input was simulated as a Poisson pattern of presynaptic conductance with varying frequencies and amplitudes. We find that higher excitation frequencies induce stronger synchronisation of the network. Within the range of 1-10000 Hz, only ...
Takabatake Fumi - - 2011
Spontaneous motion of a solid/liquid composite induced by a chemical Marangoni effect, where an oil droplet attached to a solid soap is placed on a water phase, was investigated. The composite exhibits various characteristic motions, such as revolution (orbital motion) and translational motion. The results showed that the mode of ...
Guan Xiying - - 2011
Combined measurements of middle ear transfer function and auditory brainstem response (ABR) in live guinea pigs with middle ear effusion (MEE) are reported in this paper. The MEE model was created by injecting saline into the middle ear cavity. Vibrations of the tympanic membrane (TM), the tip of the incus, ...
Alonso María Angeles - - 2011
Frequency of occurrence is an important attribute of lexical units, and one that is widely used in psychological research and theorization. Although printed frequency norms have long been available for Spanish, and subtitle-based norms have more recently been published, oral frequency norms have not been systematically compiled for a representative ...
Knight David - - 2011
Recent research on anagram solution has produced two original findings. First, it has shown that a new bigram frequency measure called top rank, which is based on a comparison of summed bigram frequencies, is an important predictor of anagram difficulty. Second, it has suggested that the measures from a type ...
Behm David G - - 2011
An objective of a warm-up prior to an athletic event is to optimize performance. Warm-ups are typically composed of a submaximal aerobic activity, stretching and a sport-specific activity. The stretching portion traditionally incorporated static stretching. However, there are a myriad of studies demonstrating static stretch-induced performance impairments. More recently, there ...
Norman Paul - - 2011
This study applied the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) to the prediction of breast self-examination (BSE) intentions and behaviour, and tested whether the frequency of past behaviour and context stability moderates intention-behaviour and habit-behaviour relations. Seventy-seven females completed measures of the TPB, frequency of past behaviour, context stability and habit ...
Kwon Ji-Yong - - 2011
The squash-and-stretch describes the rigidity of the character. This effect is the most important technique in traditional cartoon animation. In this paper, we introduce a method that applies the squash-and-stretch effect to character motion. Our method exaggerates the motion by sequentially applying the spatial exaggeration technique and the temporal exaggeration ...
Kobayashi Kei - - 2011
We recently reported the analysis of the frequency noise in the frequency modulation atomic force microscopy (FM-AFM) both in high-Q and low-Q environments [ Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 043708 (2009)]. We showed in the paper that the oscillator noise, the frequency fluctuation of the oscillator, becomes prominent in the modulation ...
Muraoka Mikio - - 2011
This study proposes a new method of proximal-probe machining that uses a rubbing process by introducing concentrated-mass (CM) cantilevers. At the second resonance of the CM cantilever vibration, the tip site of the cantilever becomes a node of the standing deflection wave because of the sufficient inertia of the attached ...
Balzan R - - 2011
In this work we experimentally study the behavior of a freely rotating asymmetric probe immersed in a vibrated granular medium. For a wide variety of vibration conditions the probe exhibits a steady rotation whose direction is constant with respect to the asymmetry. By changing the vibration amplitude and by filtering ...
Lomas Kathryn - - 2011
This paper constitutes a major attempt to associate tympanic deflections with the mechanoreceptor organ location in an acoustic insect. The New Zealand tree weta (Hemideina thoracica) has tympanal ears located on each of the prothoracic tibiae. The tympana exhibit a sclerotized oval plate, membranous processes bulging out from the tibial ...
Ozkurt Tolga Esat - - 2011
Increasing evidence suggests that abnormal oscillatory activity in basal ganglia and cortex plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of Parkinson´s disease. Recordings of local field potentials from subthalamic nucleus of patients undergoing deep brain stimulation have focused on oscillations occurring at frequencies below 100Hz in the alpha, beta and ...
Yasui Takeshi - - 2011
We constructed a widely and continuously tunable terahertz frequency synthesizer traceable to a hydrogen maser linked to coordinated universal time. Photomixing of two optical frequency synthesizers, linked to the hydrogen maser via dual optical frequency combs, gave this THz synthesizer frequency uncertainty of 10<sup>-12</sup>. To demonstrate the potential of wide ...
Siyanova-Chanturia Anna - - 2011
Are speakers sensitive to the frequency with which phrases occur in language? The authors report an eye-tracking study that investigates this by examining the processing of multiword sequences that differ in phrasal frequency by native and proficient nonnative English speakers. Participants read sentences containing 3-word binomial phrases (bride and groom) ...
Ghatpande Ambarish S - - 2011
Vertebrate olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) are stimulated in a rhythmic manner in vivo, driven by delivery of odorants to the nasal cavity carried by the inhaled air, making olfaction a sense where animals can control the frequency of stimulus delivery. How ORNs encode repeated stimulation at resting, low breathing frequencies ...
Virant-Doberlet Meta - - 2011
Vibrational signalling is a widespread form of animal communication and, in the form of sexual communication, has been generally regarded as inherently short-range and a private communication channel, free from eavesdropping by generalist predators. A combination of fieldwork and laboratory experiments was used to test the hypothesis that predators can ...
Turner Anthony P - - 2011
Turner, AP, Sanderson, MF, and Attwood, LA. The acute effect of different frequencies of whole body vibration on countermovement jump performance. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-Whole-body vibration (WBV) has been shown to elicit acute and chronic improvements in neuromuscular function; however, there is little conclusive evidence regarding an ...
Amiri-Khorasani Mohammadtaghi - - 2011
Amiri-Khorasani, M, Abu Osman, NA, and Yusof, A. Acute effect of static and dynamic stretching on hip dynamic range of motion during instep kicking in professional soccer players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2011-The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of static and dynamic stretching within ...
Jellinek A Mark - - 2011
Volcanic tremor is a ubiquitous feature of explosive eruptions. This oscillation persists for minutes to weeks and is characterized by a remarkably narrow band of frequencies from about 0.5 Hz to 7 Hz (refs 1-4). Before major eruptions, tremor can occur in concert with increased gas flux and related ground deformation. Volcanic ...
Gregory Diane E - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN.: In vitro biomechanics, randomized control trial. OBJECTIVE.: The objectives of this study were 2-fold: &filig;rst, to determine the effect of exposure to axial vibration on the initiation and progression of disc herniation; second, to determine the effect of vibration exposure and the presence of disc damage on the ...
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