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Results 501 - 550 of 681
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Dalton P A - - 1992
Integrated acoustic myography (IAMG) and electromyography (IEMG) were recorded over rectus femoris (RF) in six healthy subjects during a series of intermittent isometric contractions of quadriceps. Contractions were held for 10 sec with 10 sec rest between each, commencing at 75% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) force and continuing to 40% ...
McHale N G - - 1992
1. Segments of bovine mesenteric lymphatic of varying diameter taken from different parts of the lymphatic tree were cut to 20 mm in length and set up so that measurements could be made of spontaneous isometric contractions. 2. There was considerable variability in frequency of spontaneous contractions but this was ...
Dietz V - - 1992
With subjects standing on a treadmill both the treadmill and an optical flow pattern were moved sinusoidally (0.25 Hz) and the effect of delaying the presentation of the image with respect to treadmill movement was analysed. Around the posterior turning point of treadmill movement a modulation of the tibialis anterior ...
Donegan S J - - 1992
Surface electromyographic (EMG) recordings were obtained from the masseter muscles in healthy subjects performing brisk maximum voluntary teeth clenching (MVC) for about 1 s. During the onset (0-600 ms) of ballistic MVC activity, the peak amplitude of the EMG interference patterns showed a consistent and significant increase, on examination for ...
Lim C L - - 1992
A new method of assessing MEP facilitation using surface EMG under computer control is described. Transcranial magnetic stimulation with voluntary contraction at a value between 2 and 6% of maximal surface EMG activity produced responses with shortest latencies and largest amplitudes and power. No significant changes occurred when facilitation increased ...
Nix W A - - 1992
The values obtained from two different macro EMG methods were compared, and found to be different. Normally, macro electromyography (EMG) is performed with a modified single fiber (SF) needle using the SF potential as a trigger; a new method recommends a modified concentric needle and triggers on the concentric EMG ...
Mâsse L C - - 1992
The pattern of propulsion was investigated for five male paraplegics in six seating positions. The positions consisted of a combination of three horizontal rear-wheel positions at two seating heights on a single-purpose-built racing wheelchair. To simulate wheelchair propulsion in the laboratory, the wheelchair was mounted on high rotational inertia rollers. ...
Simard T G - - 1992
An EMG basic method of testing the fine motor control of the hand, a necessary clinical request, is needed to provide a practical approach on normal neuromuscular observations of the fine motor control parameters in order to interpret the harmonious motor functioning of the central and peripheral nervous systems. In ...
Holewijn M - - 1992
The effects of 30 min of cooling (15 degrees C water) and warming (40 degrees C water) on arm muscle function were measured. A reference condition (24 degrees C air) was included. Of nine young male subjects the maximal grip force (Fmax), the time to reach 66% of Fmax (rate ...
Pozos R S - - 1991
Shivering and physiological and pathological clonus of the ankle were compared using power spectral and cross-correlation analysis of their respective electromyographic and acceleration waveforms. The major spectral peaks from each type of involuntary oscillation possessed similar frequencies (5-7 Hz). Soleus electromyographic activity was significantly correlated with the motion signal, whereas ...
Hof A L - - 1991
Frequency shifts in random signals, e.g., EMG or Doppler ultrasound, can be followed by monitoring one or more parameters of the power spectrum. When such a frequency parameter is determined over a finite length of the signal, a random error and sometimes a systematic error or bias are introduced. Approximate ...
Gogia P P - - 1991
The median frequency of the myoelectric signal of the cervical paraspinal muscles was studied in 28 normal subjects in prone and sitting positions. Median frequency parameters (initial median frequency and slope of the median frequency) of the myoelectric spectrum were monitored during sustained isometric neck extensions at 20%, 50%, 80%, ...
Powers R K - - 1991
1. Tension-frequency relations were measured in single fast-twitch motor units of the cat flexor digitorum longus (FDL) muscle before and after stimulating each unit with a series of 10-s trains at 20 Hz. The 20-Hz conditioning stimulation produced a combination of potentiating and fatiguing effects, similar to those previously reported ...
Hägg G M - - 1991
EMG was recorded during short test contractions performed during occupational work. Mean power frequency (MPF) and median frequency (MF), calculated from EMG spectra, and zero crossing rate (ZC) of the EMG signal were compared as estimators of local muscular fatigue. The results show that there is a systematic difference between ...
Hubert W - - 1991
The aim of the present study was to investigate differential emotional response patterns to film stimuli by multimodal assessment of mood ratings, perception of bodily sensations, salivary cortisol, autonomic variables and facial electromyogram (EMG). Film stimuli, chosen to elicit positive and negative emotional states, were presented to 12 subjects with ...
Zwarts M J - - 1991
Measurements were done on the biceps muscles of 6 healthy volunteers to record simultaneously the surface electromyogram (EMG) and vibromyogram (VMG) by means of a piezoelectric device (accelerometer). The VMG is generated by mechanical waves due to the contraction mechanism and often measured as sound. The frequency spectrum and integrated ...
Vatine J J - - 1991
Real time computer analysis of the electrophysiological development of muscular fatigue after small doses of d-tubocurarine (TC), has been examined in anesthetized human beings. As compared to a decrease of frequency in the control measurements, previous studies have shown an increase of the frequency of spikes after TC administration. The ...
Sarna S K - - 1991
The basic motor function of the colon is to mix and knead its contents, propel them slowly in the caudad direction, hold them in the distal colon until defecation, and provide a strong propulsive force during defecation. Infrequently, it also produces mass movements in the proximal colon. These motor functions ...
Medved V - - 1991
The paper describes a method aimed at providing objective diagnostic testing of skilled locomotor stereotypes. Bioelectric muscle activity indices and ground reaction force data are used to represent a movement structure, in a schematized way, using discrete states in time. Athletes were asked to perform one specific movement structure: a ...
Joynt R L - - 1991
Decomposition of an interference pattern enables examination of individual electromyography (EMG) motor units and their firing rates at more than minimal contraction forces. In this decomposition method, significant events with a constant occurrence (near motor unit action potentials) can be enhanced, and unwanted events (distant motor unit action potentials, artifacts) ...
Emde C - - 1991
Long-term ambulatory esophageal manometry is used increasingly, but normal values and data on the reproducibility of the method are not available. Thus, studies were conducted using paired 24-hour recordings, separated by 1-4 weeks, in 24 healthy volunteers (aged 19-50). Computerized analysis of each two-channel pressure recording (5 and 15 cm ...
Rodriguez A A - - 1991
The purpose of this study was to determine whether quantitative motor unit analysis in postpolio individuals correlates with muscle strength, endurance, work capacity, or power spectral characteristics of surface EMG and to determine whether power spectrum differentiates postpolio from control subjects. This study was designed to compare these variables in ...
Goodwin J - - 1991
A simple movement-analysis system is described which provides a video display of the moving image and an easily-observable EMG signal in the form of a time-synchronized light-emitting-diode (LED) display. Its salient feature is the economic and meaningful way in which both data are displayed simultaneously. Its applications in the field ...
van Dieën J H - - 1991
Electro-mechanical delay (EMD) values of the erector spinae muscle were obtained using a technique based on the cross-correlation between the force and the electromyogram (EMG). Seven subjects performed a series of 20 submaximal dynamic isometric contractions in a seated position at two frequencies (0.5 Hz and 1 Hz) to study ...
Bilodeau M - - 1991
The goal of the present study was to compare electromyogram (EMG) power spectra obtained from step (constant force level) and ramp (progressive increase in the force level) isometric contractions. Data windows of different durations were also analysed for the step contractions, in order to evaluate the stability of EMG power ...
Seki K - - 1991
The relationships were investigated between the surface electromyographic (SEMG) power spectrum analysed by the 20 order autoregressive model (AR spectrum) and underlying motor unit (MU) activity during isometric contractions increasing linearly from 0% to 80% maximal voluntary contraction. Intramuscular spikes and SEMG signals were recorded simultaneously from biceps brachii muscle; ...
Gerdle B - - 1990
The present study aims to investigate: a) the relationship between force and mean power frequency of the EMG, and b) how the distance between surface electrodes influences the mean power frequency. The study consisted of three parts: 1) a gradually increasing contraction upto 100% MVC, 2) contractions performed at 5 ...
Dimberg U - - 1990
The aim of this paper is to review data from my laboratory, which were collected in an attempt to determine whether the facial EMG response is a general component of the emotional reaction. In a number of studies it was found that facial reactions: first, are spontaneously elicited and differ ...
Corcos D M - - 1990
1. Normal human subjects made isometric pulse and step contractions about the elbow to visually defined target torques of different amplitudes and at different rates. We measured joint torque and electromyograms (EMG) from two agonist and two antagonist muscles. 2. When the task specification requires that the subject explicitly alter ...
Hayashi R - - 1990
To investigate how motor programs can be modified by sensory inputs we recorded kinematic and EMG patterns from normal human subjects performing well-practised wrist flexion movements in response to an auditory tone. On random trials unexpected wrist perturbations were introduced at varying times after the signal to move had been ...
Sieck G C - - 1990
Fatigue-related changes in the waveform and root-mean-square (rms) values of evoked motor unit electromyographic (EMG) responses were studied in the right sternocostal region of the cat diaphragm. Motor units were isolated by microdissection and stimulation of C5 ventral root filaments and then classified as fast-twitch fatigable (FF), fast-twitch fatigue intermediate ...
Smith A - - 1990
1. Electromyograms (EMGs) were recorded from the right and left ventrolateral surfaces of the chest wall to study the activity of the diaphragm during three tasks: moderately deep breathing, speech production, and speechlike breathing in which subjects mimicked their speech breathing pattern but did not vocalize. In a second experimental ...
Vogt T - - 1990
In six healthy volunteers, the size of the motor unit action potential (MUAP) was related to its contractile behaviour. Electrical activity was determined by measuring amplitude and area of the potential, using the macro electromyography (EMG) technique. The mechanical response was characterised by contraction time, twitch force and relaxation time, ...
Orizio C - - 1990
The frequency content of muscular sound (MS), detected by placing a contact sensor transducer over the belly of the biceps brachii during 10 isometric contractions of 4 s each [10-100% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)] in seven sedentary men, was analyzed by the maximum entropy spectral estimation and the fast ...
Neeman H - - 1990
This paper describes software developed to analyze the temporal and spatial aspects of jaw movements, the speed, direction and magnitude of these movements in three dimensions, and the associated electromyograms (EMGs) of the masticatory muscles. Data from a subject chewing gum illustrates the software application. Manipulations of the stored digitized ...
Gollhofer A - - 1990
Within a set of repeated measurements, 12 male subjects performed the following types of muscle contraction: (1) running at constant velocity (12 km.h-1); (2) one-leg hopping at the frequency preferred; (3) both-legs hopping at the frequency preferred; (4) drop jumps from a height of 0.40 m. The surface electromyographs (EMG) ...
Duchêne J - - 1990
Changes in electromyogram (EMG) power spectra were investigated in the triceps surae muscles of two classes of individuals (untrained subjects and athletes) maintaining a plantarflexion torque of 80% of maximal voluntary contraction until exhaustion. A set of 23 parameters describing changes in the frequency content and power of EMG was ...
Latash M L - - 1990
Electromyograms (EMGs) of elbow flexors and extensors, elbow joint angle and torque were recorded in healthy subjects in the "do not react voluntarily" paradigm. Random loading and unloading torque perturbations of different rise times (Tr) were applied. Perturbations with Tr less than 300 ms evoke a phasic increase (in case ...
Rønager J - - 1989
The diagnostic value of analogue frequency analysis of EMG from patients with neuromuscular disorders has not been convincing. Using fast Fourier transformation it is today possible to obtain the EMG power spectrum on-line and with a better resolution. We examined the power spectrum of the EMG pattern of the brachial ...
Walter C B - - 1989
The ability to gain voluntary control over agonist premotor silence through electromyographic (EMG) feedback was examined in healthy subjects performing maximal horizontal elbow flexions. Subjects exhibiting premotor silence on at least 50% of the pretest trials showed significantly greater peak angular velocity than subjects who produced the silent period on ...
Anshel M H - - 1989
The purpose of this study was to ascertain the effects of high, moderate, and low physical fatigue on performing the shot put, a sport skill that requires explosive muscular effort. 44 subjects practiced the shot put until mastery was achieved. They then experienced one of four fatigue intensities during a ...
Dietz V - - 1989
Leg muscle EMG responses and cerebral evoked potentials (CP), elicited by perturbations of stance while on a treadmill with split belts, were analyzed in order to study the relationship between compensatory leg muscle responses and afferent input to supraspinal centers. Various conditions of perturbation were used to establish the extent ...
Dugas C - - 1989
The effects of practice and movement strategy were studied in a goal-directed movement with different levels of perturbation applied in four independent groups (0%, 20%, 50% or 100%). The phase-plane trajectory data revealed that for all subjects there was a decrease in the mean trajectory variability with learning and that ...
Cook D G - - 1989
Aplysia can readily exhibit operant conditioning of their head-waving response when bright light is used as aversive reinforcement (Cook and Carew, 1986). In the first paper of this series (Cook and Carew, 1989a), we showed that the electromyographic (EMG) activity of a discrete band of neck muscles, the lateral columellar ...
Peters H F - - 1989
This study investigates reaction times in the fluent speech utterances of stutterers and nonstutterers under several experimental conditions. Twenty adult stutterers and twenty matched controls produced utterances of three lengths--one syllable words, polysyllabic words, and sentences--in two conditions of time pressure (high and low) and two conditions of preparation (delayed ...
Sarna S K - - 1989
We recorded human jejunal motor activity by a 12-lumen manometric tube with recording sites 2 cm apart. The contractile activity in the fasted and the fed state was analyzed by computer to define the spatial and temporal patterns of contractions. Mean duration and area of single contractions during phase III ...
Corcos D M - - 1989
1. Normal human subjects made discrete flexions of the elbow over a fixed distance in the horizontal plane from a stationary initial position to a visually defined target. We measured joint angle, acceleration, and electromyograms (EMGs) from two agonist and two antagonist muscles. 2. Changes in movement speed were elicited ...
Schneider J - - 1989
A new EMG recording technique which is based on a spatially filtering surface multi-electrode array enables, with its high spatial resolution, the noninvasive investigation of single motor unit (MU) excitations. This recording technique was applied to study the propagation velocity within single, superficial MUs of lower arm muscles. The conduction ...
Jascaninas J - - 1989
8 measures recorded during alternate tapping of two targets by left and right hands for 15 boys, 13 or 14 yr. old, were made during 4 30-sec. trials using a force averaging 450 gm. Mechanical and electrical activity (EMG from m. biceps brachii) of both hands suggested asymmetric characteristics of ...
Basarab-Horwath I - - 1989
An automated microprocessor-based data acquisition and analysis system has been developed specifically to quantify electromyographic (EMG) activity induced by the convulsant agent catechol in the anaesthetized rat. The stimulus and EMG response are recorded on magnetic tape. On playback, the stimulus triggers a digital oscilloscope and, via interface circuitry, a ...
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