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Results 451 - 500 of 1571
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Tse P U - - 2007
We introduce a new illusion that contradicts common assumptions in the field of visual motion perception. When an unoccluded bar moves at certain speeds and oscillates at certain frequencies, the perceived direction of the bar is not predicted by its intrinsic terminators but is biased to move in the direction ...
Berzhanskaya J - - 2007
How do visual form and motion processes cooperate to compute object motion when each process separately is insufficient? Consider, for example, a deer moving behind a bush. Here the partially occluded fragments of motion signals available to an observer must be coherently grouped into the motion of a single object. ...
Ruppertsberg Alexa I - - 2007
There is common consensus now that color-defined motion can be perceived by the human visual system. For global motion integration tasks based on isoluminant random dot kinematograms conflicting evidence exists, whether observers can (Ruppertsberg et al., 2003) or cannot (Bilodeau & Faubert, 1999) extract a common motion direction for stimuli ...
Montagnini Anna - - 2007
The quality of the representation of an object's motion is limited by the noise in the sensory input as well as by an intrinsic ambiguity due to the spatial limitation of the visual motion analyzers (aperture problem). Perceptual and oculomotor data demonstrate that motion processing of extended objects is initially ...
Hiris Eric - - 2007
Often it is claimed that humans are particularly sensitive to biological motion. Here, sensitivity as a detection advantage for biological over nonbiological motion is examined. Previous studies comparing biological motion to nonbiological motion have not used appropriate masks or have not taken into account the underlying form present in biological ...
Kim Chai-Youn - - 2007
Early 20th century artists including Duchamp and Balla tried to portray moving objects on a static canvas by superimposing objects in successive portrayals of an action. We investigated whether implied motion in those paintings is associated with activation of motion-sensitive area MT+. In Experiment 1, we found that observers rated ...
Perrinet Laurent U - - 2007
The machinery behind the visual perception of motion and the subsequent sensori-motor transformation, such as in ocular following response (OFR), is confronted to uncertainties which are efficiently resolved in the primate's visual system. We may understand this response as an ideal observer in a probabilistic framework by using Bayesian theory ...
Bulakowski Paul F PF Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA. - - 2007
One of the most important aspects of visual attention is its flexibility; our attentional "window" can be tuned to different spatial scales, allowing us to perceive large-scale global patterns and local features effortlessly. We investigated whether the perception of global and local motion competes for a common attentional resource. Subjects ...
Bours Roger J E - - 2007
Periodically flipping the contrast of a moving pattern causes a reversal of the perceived direction of motion. This direction reversal, known as reverse-phi motion, has been generally explained with the notion that flipping contrasts actually shifted the balance of motion energy toward the opposite direction. In this sense, the reversal ...
Gepshtein Sergei - - 2007
Neural systems face the challenge of optimizing their performance with limited resources, just as economic systems do. Here, we use tools of neoclassical economic theory to explore how a frugal visual system should use a limited number of neurons to optimize perception of motion. The theory prescribes that vision should ...
Langley Keith - - 2007
Models of visual motion processing that introduce priors for low speed through Bayesian computations are sometimes treated with scepticism by empirical researchers because of the convenient way in which parameters of the Bayesian priors have been chosen. Using the effects of motion adaptation on motion perception to illustrate, we show ...
Alais David - - 2006
During binocular rivalry, conflicting monocular images undergo alternating suppression. This study explores rivalry suppression by probing visual sensitivity during rivalry with various probe stimuli. When two faces engage in rivalry, sensitivity to face probes is reduced 4-fold during suppression. Rivaling global motions also rivaled very deeply when probed with a ...
Song Joo-Hyun - - 2006
Previous studies on visual working memory (VWM) have primarily investigated memory for an array presented for a single moment. Here, we examined VWM for two arrays separated by a 1,100-msec interval. We focused on the allocation of VWM capacity to the two arrays as a function of dynamic events inserted ...
Liu Taosheng - - 2006
Selective attention enhances visual information processing, as measured by behavioral performance and neural activity. However, little is known about its effects on subjective experience. Here, we investigated the effect of transient (exogenous) attention on the appearance of visual motion, using a psychophysical procedure that directly measures appearance and controls for ...
Whitney David - - 2006
Perceived position depends on many factors, including motion present in a visual scene. Convincing evidence shows that high-level motion perception--which is driven by top-down processes such as attentional tracking or inferred motion--can influence the perceived position of an object. Is high-level motion sufficient to influence perceived position, and is attention ...
Kuba M - - 2007
This review article summarises the research on the motion-onset visual evoked potentials (VEPs) and important motion stimulus parameters which have been clarified. For activation of the visual motion processing system and evocation of the motion-onset specific N2 peak (with latency of 160-200ms) from the extra-striate temporo-occipital and/or parietal cortex, the ...
Kaneoke Yoshiki - - 2006
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) has become a standard approach to the investigation of human brain functions. This review starts with a brief review of the human visual system and studies on visual motion detection mechanisms is followed by the presentation of MEG studies that have contributed to the field. Emphasis is placed ...
Bayerl Pierre - - 2007
We utilize a model of motion perception to link a physiological study of feature attention in cortical motion processing to a psychophysical experiment of motion perception. We explain effects of feature attention by modulatory excitation of neural activity patterns in a framework of biased competition. Our model allows us to ...
van Boxtel Jeroen J A - - 2006
Global-motion perception is the perception of coherent motion in a noisy motion stimulus. Thresholds for coherent motion perception were measured for different combinations of signal and noise speeds. Previous research [Edwards, M., Badcock, D. R., & Smith, A. T. (1998). Independent speed-tuned global-motion systems. Vision Research, 38 (11), 1573-1580; Khuu, ...
Tadin Duje - - 2006
Schizophrenia is often accompanied by a range of visual perception deficits, with many involving impairments in motion perception. The presence of perceptual abnormalities may impair neural processes that depend on normal visual analysis, which in turn may affect overall functioning in dynamic visual environments. Here, we examine the integrity of ...
van Boxtel Jeroen J A - - 2006
Motion is fully described by a direction and a speed. The processing of direction information by the visual system has been extensively studied; much less is known, however, about the processing of speed. Although it is generally accepted that the direction of motion is processed by a single motion system, ...
Streepey Jefferson W JW SMPP, The Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, 345 East Superior St., Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2007
We previously reported responses to induced postural instability in young healthy individuals viewing visual motion with a narrow (25 degrees in both directions) and wide (90 degrees and 55 degrees in the horizontal and vertical directions) field of view (FOV) as they stood on different sized blocks. Visual motion was ...
Ashida Hiroshi - - 2007
A key unresolved debate in human vision concerns whether we have two different low-level mechanisms for encoding image motion. Separate neural mechanisms have been suggested for first-order (luminance modulation) and second-order (e.g., contrast modulation) motion in the retinal image but a single mechanism could handle both. Human functional magnetic resonance ...
Glasauer Stefan - - 2007
Experiments on reproducing imposed self-motion showed that not only final distance or angle of motion, but also the temporal profile are reproduced. Reproduction errors have been attributed to sensory inputs, inaccurate memorization of the motion variable, or motor errors. However, another possible source of error has so far been neglected. ...
Rust Nicole C - - 2006
Neurons in area MT (V5) are selective for the direction of visual motion. In addition, many are selective for the motion of complex patterns independent of the orientation of their components, a behavior not seen in earlier visual areas. We show that the responses of MT cells can be captured ...
Samar Vincent J - - 2007
Samar and Parasnis [Samar, V. J., & Parasnis, I. (2005). Dorsal stream deficits suggest hidden dyslexia among deaf poor readers: correlated evidence from reduced perceptual speed and elevated coherent motion detection thresholds. Brain and Cognition, 58, 300-311.] reported that correlated measures of coherent motion detection and perceptual speed predicted reading ...
Niu Yu-Qiong - - 2006
Misinterpretations of visual information received by the retina are called visual illusions, which are known to occur in higher brain areas. However, whether they would be also processed in lower brain structures remains unknown, and how to explain the neuronal mechanisms underlying the motion after-effect is intensely debated. We show ...
Curran William - - 2006
The processing of motion information by the visual system can be decomposed into two general stages; point-by-point local motion extraction, followed by global motion extraction through the pooling of the local motion signals. The direction aftereffect (DAE) is a well known phenomenon in which prior adaptation to a unidirectional moving ...
Martinez-Trujillo Julio C - - 2007
The perception of changes in the direction of objects that translate in space is an important function of our visual system. Here we investigate the brain electrical phenomena underlying such a function by using a combination of magnetoencephalography (MEG) and magnetic resonance imaging. We recorded MEG-evoked responses in 9 healthy ...
Tseng Chia-huei - - 2006
Motion standstill is different from the usual perceptual experiences associated with objects in motion. In motion standstill, a pattern that is moving quite rapidly is perceived as being motionless, and yet its details are not blurred but clearly visible. We revisited motion standstill in dynamic random-dot stereograms similar to those ...
McKendrick A M - - 2006
Migraine groups have impaired ability to identify global motion direction in noisy random dot stimuli, an observation that has been used as evidence for cortical hyperexcitability. Several studies have also suggested abnormalities in cognitive processing, particularly in the domains of attention, visuo-spatial processing and memory. This study aimed to determine ...
Barraclough Nick - - 2006
We measured the responses of single neurons in marmoset visual cortex (V1, V2, and the third visual complex) to moving first-order stimuli and to combined first- and second-order stimuli in order to determine whether first-order motion processing was influenced by second-order motion. Beat stimuli were made by summing two gratings ...
Hong Stanley S - - 2006
The possibility of measuring subnanometer motions with micron scale spatial resolution in the intact mammalian cochlea using Doppler optical coherence microscopy (DOCM) is demonstrated. A novel DOCM system is described that uses two acousto-optic modulators to generate a stable 500-kHz heterodyne frequency. Images and motion measurements are obtained using phase-resolved ...
Händel Barbara - - 2007
In order to understand the relationship between brain activity and visual motion perception, knowledge of the cortical areas participating in signal processing alone is insufficient. Rather knowledge on how responses vary with the characteristics of visual motion is necessary. In this study, we measured whole brain activity using magnetoencephalography in ...
Baumann Oliver - - 2007
Real-life moving objects are often detected by multisensory cues. We investigated the cortical activity associated with coherent visual motion perception in the presence of a stationary or moving auditory noise source using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Twelve subjects judged episodes of 5-s random-dot motion containing either no (0%) or abundant ...
Mahani Alireza S - - 2006
In a typical visual scene, one or more objects move relative to a larger background, which can itself be in motion as a result of the observer's eyes moving with respect to the outside world. Here we show that accurate estimation of the background motion from an image velocity field ...
McKendrick A M - - 2006
Some migraineurs have increased thresholds for the detection of global dot motion. We investigated whether migraineurs show consequential abnormalities in the determination of direction of self-motion (heading) from simulated optic flow. The ability to determine heading from optic flow is likely to be necessary for optimal determination of self-motion through ...
Tse P U - - 2006
We report a new visual illusion, where a global shape appears to continually move away from fixation, even though it remains a fixed distance from fixation. The illusion occurs because local motion signals within the object indicate motion away from fixation, and are incorrectly attributed by the visual system to ...
Dobkins Karen R - - 2006
Several previous studies in adults have investigated how one- and two-dimensional moving features are integrated into a coherent global motion percept by studying the "barber-pole illusion"; when a one-dimensional moving grating is presented within a rectangular aperture, the two-dimensional line terminators at the edges of the aperture bias the perceived ...
Chen Yue - - 2006
Since Kraepelin's early distinction between bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, it has been assumed that these disorders represent two different pathophysiological processes, although they share many clinical symptoms. Previous studies showed that velocity discrimination, a sensitive psychophysiological measure of the visual motion system, is deficient in schizophrenia. Here we examined whether ...
Tzvetanov Tzvetomir - - 2006
Visual perception is strongly shaped by the spatial context in which stimuli are presented. Using center-surround configurations with oriented stimuli, recent studies suggest that voluntary attention critically determines which stimuli in the surround affect the percept of the central stimulus. However, evidence for attentional influences on center-surround interactions is restricted ...
Caplovitz Gideon P - - 2007
Contour curvature (CC) is a vital cue for the analysis of both form and motion. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we localized the neural correlates of CC for the processing and perception of rotational motion. We found that the blood oxygen level-dependent signal in retinotopic area V3A and possibly also ...
Sterzer Philipp - - 2006
Apparent motion (AM) is the illusory perception of real motion created when two spatially distinct stationary visual objects are presented in alternating sequence. In common with many other illusory percepts, activation during AM can be identified in unstimulated regions of V1 representing the illusory motion path. However, little is known ...
Bex Peter J - - 2006
We examine how local direction signals are combined to compute the focus of radial motion (FRM) in random dot patterns and examine how this process changes across the visual field. Equivalent noise analysis showed that a loss in FRM accuracy was largely attributable to an increase in local motion detector ...
Kawabe Takahiro - - 2006
In this study, we examined the contribution of the orientation of moving objects to perception of a streaming/bouncing motion display. In three experiments, participants reported which of the two types of motion, streaming or bouncing, they perceived. The following independent variables were used: orientation differences between Gabor micropatterns (Gabors) and ...
Karwatsky Peter - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the nature of motion perception deficits in primary open-angle glaucoma by measuring the sensitivity of simple (luminance-defined) and complex (texture-defined) motion, the latter requiring supplementary neural processing to be resolved. These findings will help address the possible extent of the cortical ...
McKendrick Allison M - - 2006
PURPOSE: A recent study has demonstrated that some people with migraine display impairments of intermediate stages of motion and form processing. Deficits were identified by using tasks that required that local stimulus attributes be integrated into global percepts. Neurons capable of global processing of form and motion are known to ...
Nakamura Shinji - - 2006
Slowly moving foreground induces an illusory self-motion perception in the same direction as its motion direction (inverted vection). In this study, the effects of motion type of the foreground stimulus on inverted vection were investigated using a sample of 3 men and 1 woman. As indices of perceived strength of ...
Zwicker Amy E - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine how decreased visual acuity affects performance on tasks of motion and texture perception. METHODS: Positive diopter lenses were used to match three subjects at five levels of decimal visual acuity (DVA) ranging from an uncorrected DVA of 1.6 to the lowest ...
Nelissen Koen - - 2006
Although the role of the middle temporal (MT/V5) area and its medial superior temporal (MST) satellites in motion processing has been well explored, relatively little is known about motion regions located more rostrally in the superior temporal sulcus (STS), such as the fundus of the superior temporal (FST) area, the ...
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