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Droogendijk H H MESA Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands - - 2014
Crickets use so-called clavate hairs to sense (gravitational) acceleration to obtain information on their orientation. Inspired by this clavate hair system, a one-axis biomimetic accelerometer has been developed and fabricated using surface micromachining and SU-8 lithography. An analytical model is presented for the design of the accelerometer, and guidelines are ...
Morillo Margarita - - 2014
Mercuric compounds were previously shown to affect the visual phototransduction cascade and this could result in vision impairment. We have analyzed the effect of mercuric chloride on the structure and stability of the dim light vision photoreceptor rhodopsin. For this purpose, we have used both native rhodopsin immunopurified from bovine ...
Richena M M Institute of Chemistry, University of Campinas - UNICAMP, P.O. Box 6154, 13084-971 Campinas, SP, - - 2014
Yellowing is an undesirable phenomenon that is common in people with white and grey hair. Because white hair has no melanin, the pigment responsible for hair colour, the effects of photodegradation are more visible in this type of hair. The origin of yellowing and its relation to photodegradation processes are ...
Dasari Radhika - - 2014
Here, we report a potentiometric method for detecting single platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs) by measuring a change in open circuit potential (OCP) instead of the current during single Pt NP collisions with the mercury modified Pt ultramicroelectrode (Hg/Pt UME). Similar to the current-time (i-t) response reported previously at Hg/Pt UMEs, ...
Nguyen Van-Huy VH Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 106, - - 2014
The light irradiation parameters, including the wavelength spectrum and intensity of light source, can significantly influence a photocatalytic reaction. This study examines the propylene photo-epoxidation over V-Ti/MCM-41 photocatalyst by using artificial sunlight (Xe lamp with/without an Air Mass 1.5 Global Filter at 1.6/18.5 mW·cm(-2)) and ultraviolet light (Mercury Arc lamp ...
Henrich Paul B - - 2013
Vitreoretinal surgeons have been slow to adopt the use of spectral filters for endoillumination to reduce retinal light toxicity. This study shows that spectral filters can be used without a loss in color contrast during brilliant blue G chromovitrectomy. To evaluate the influence of intra operative spectral light filters on ...
Tong Yindong - - 2013
A laboratory reactor system was developed to examine the role of light and aerosol composition in the reduction of oxidized mercury (Hg(ii)) in laboratory-generated aerosols. Aerosolized sodium chloride, doped with mercury chloride, was exposed to light in a fixed-bed flow-through reactor. Three spectral ranges (UV, visible and a simulated solar ...
Nawa Teppei - - 2013
Individual hairs can be inherently curly; however, bleach treatment can cause damaged hairs to acquire a curl, a phenomenon we term acquired unintentional unruly hair. Because there have been no reports concerning acquired unintentional unruly hair, the influence of bleach treatment with alkaline peroxide that produce this phenomenon was investigated. ...
Fleck Jacob A - - 2013
Monomethyl mercury (MeHg) is a potent neurotoxin that threatens ecosystem viability and human health. In aquatic systems, the photolytic degradation of MeHg (photodemethylation) is an important component of the MeHg cycle. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is also affected by exposure to solar radiation (light exposure) leading to changes in DOM ...
Songer Jocelyn E JE Department of Otology and Laryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2013
Afferent nerve fibers in the central zones of vestibular epithelia form calyceal endings around type I hair cells and have phasic response properties that emphasize fast head motions. We investigated how stages from hair-cell transduction to calyceal spiking contribute tuning and timing to central (striolar)-zone afferents of the rat saccular ...
Zhu Jingjing - - 2013
We employed 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane to assist the synthesis of Ag NCs using polyethyleneimine as the template for detecting Hg(2+) by localized surface plasmon resonance light-scattering technology. The developed selective and sensitive method presaged more opportunities for application in environmental systems.
Yue Qiaoli - - 2013
A reusable sensing strategy employing magnetic nanoparticles and thymine-containing aptamers was developed to detect Hg(2+) in real water samples based on "turn-on" resonance light scattering. The LOD was as low as 500 fM (S/N = 3), and the present sensor can be repeatedly used for at least seven cycles.
Sun Rongguo - - 2013
Photo-degradation (PD) of monomethylmercury (MMHg) is recognized as the most important process in mercury cycling that maintains MMHg at low concentration in water systems. Chloride ion (Cl(-)) is present widely in ecosystems and it may have an effect on MMHg PD. In this investigation, MMHg PD with various Cl(-) concentrations ...
Werner Kimberly - - 2013
Pili annulati is a disorder that produces a spangled appearance to the hair, caused by alternating light and dark banding of hair shafts. This phenomenon is created by abnormal cavities in the cortex of the hair shaft, which produces lighter bands seen on clinical examination. Complications of pili annulati are ...
Al-Deeb Mohammad A - - 2012
Oryctes agamemnon arabicus (Fairmaire) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) is a date palm insect pest that causes damage to trunk and roots and can damage grass lawns in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and other countries such as Oman, Saudi Arabia, and Tunisia. The goal of this study was to monitor population dynamics ...
Zandi Soodabeh - - 2013
Laser (or light) hair removal, also referred to as photoepilation, is the most commonly used laser or light-based cosmetic medical procedure. The extended theory of selective photothermolysis is the basic principle for destruction of hair follicles using light. In this type of laser application the chromophore is follicular melanin. Several ...
Winder Virginia L - - 2012
Nelson's, Saltmarsh, and Seaside Sparrows (Ammodramus nelsoni, A. caudacutus, and A. maritimus, respectively) depend on marsh and wetland habitats--ecosystems in which mercury (Hg) bioavailability is notoriously high. The purpose of the present study was to address the potential impact of Hg on these species using first primary and breast feathers ...
Neitzel Richard L - - 2011
Background Noise exposure and noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) are common worldwide, but the contributions of common noise sources, such as mass transit, to total annual noise exposures have not been adequately explored among urban residents and workers. Methods We estimated noise exposures associated with five common noise sources (use of ...
Boyle Kelly S - - 2011
Many teleost fishes produce sounds for social communication with mechanisms that do not involve swim bladder musculature. Such sounds may reflect physical attributes of the sound-production mechanism, be constrained by body size and therefore control signal reliability during agonistic behaviors. We examined kinematics of the cranium, median fins and caudal ...
Lo Tsia-Shu - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This work was conducted to study the Doppler ureteric jets in the assessment of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) patients. METHODS: Forty POP-Q stage ≧III patients and 20 without POP were assessed with color Doppler ultrasonography. RESULTS: Among 40 POP, 28 had bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and 4 ...
Isfoss Björn L - - 2011
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Fluorescent-light cystoscopy has a high sensitivity, relative to that of white light cystoscopy, for carcinoma in situ of the bladder. However, this systematic review reveals that the absolute sensitivity is unknown due to the absence of proper gold standard ...
Noh Jong-Yun - - 2011
Circadian clocks are the endogenous oscillators that harmonize a variety of physiological processes within the body. Although many urinary functions exhibit clear daily or circadian variation in diurnal humans and nocturnal rodents, the precise mechanisms of these variations are as yet unclear. In this review, we briefly introduce circadian clocks ...
Yamashita Shuji - - 2011
Gold nanorods have strong absorption bands in the near-infrared region, in which light penetrates deeply into tissues. The absorbed light energy is converted into heat by gold nanorods, the so-called 'photothermal effect'. Hence, gold nanorods are expected to act not only as on-demand thermal converters for photothermal therapy but also ...
Sakai H - - 2011
Microcystis aeruginosa forms algal bloom in lakes. They produce toxic compounds such as microcystin. Against such algal problems, the effect of UV treatment was examined. In UV treatment, the effect of photoreactivation should be examined. Photoreactivation is a repair mechanism of genomic DNA damage by sunlight irradiation. UV treatment causes ...
Brennan Siobhán K - - 2010
Auditory steady state response (ASSR) testing provides a means to objectively estimate hearing levels in newborns and adults for whom behavioral tests prove difficult. When testing these patient groups, it is preferable that clear responses to both air and bone conduction stimuli are obtained in a short amount of time. ...
Rodríguez Francisco A - - 2010
The efficient-coding hypothesis asserts that neural and perceptual sensitivity evolved to faithfully represent biologically relevant sensory signals. Here we characterized the spectrotemporal modulation statistics of several natural sound ensembles and examined how neurons encode these statistics in the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (CNIC) of cats. We report that ...
Gillen Jonathon I - - 2010
We propose a method to simultaneously measure the center frequency of a spectral feature and the frequency linewidth of the feature. The method relies on dual frequency modulation of a carrier frequency, which probes the spectral feature, and phase sensitive detection of the transmitted signal at the two modulation frequencies. ...
Prendergast Garreth - - 2010
Previous behavioural studies in human subjects have demonstrated the importance of amplitude modulations to the process of intelligible speech perception. In functional neuroimaging studies of amplitude modulation processing, the inherent assumption is that all sounds are decomposed into simple building blocks, i.e. sinusoidal modulations. The encoding of complex and dynamic ...
Chung Kil Woo - - 2010
Stevens Institute of Technology has been conducting research aimed at the development of a low-cost passive acoustic system for detection and classification of underwater and surface threats. The system uses several hydrophones where target bearing extraction is carried out by cross-correlation of the signal from paired hydrophones. The cross correlation ...
Guo Xiao-Zhi - - 2010
An experimental setup is built for the measurement of monochromatic incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiency (IPCE) of solar cells. With this setup, three kinds of IPCE measuring methods as well as the convenient switching between them are achieved. The setup can also measure the response time and waveform of the short-circuit ...
Purcell David W - - 2010
Auditory steady state response (ASSR) tests allow frequency-specific assessment of the auditory system. The responses can be elicited with long-duration tones that are modulated at particular rates. The literature has reported that some rates may evoke larger responses than others. Modulation transfer functions (MTFs), which show ASSR response as a ...
Phillips Jillian - - 2010
Psychophysical and physiological studies have demonstrated selectivity for spectral modulation frequency in the auditory system, suggesting that auditory perception of complex spectra might be based on spectral modulation channels. However, an early study [Liu and Eddins (2008)] reported that vowel identification was significantly reduced by filtering in spectral modulation frequency ...
Viemeister Neal F - - 2010
To better understand the processing of complex high-frequency sounds, modulation-detection thresholds were measured for sinusoidal frequency modulation (SFM), quasi-frequency modulation (QFM), sinusoidal amplitude modulation (SAM), and random-phase FM (RPFM). At the lowest modulation frequency (5 Hz) modulation thresholds expressed as AM depth were similar for RPFM, SAM and QFM suggesting ...
Onslow Angela C E AC Bristol Centre for Complexity Sciences, University of Bristol, - - 2011
Neuroscience time series data from a range of techniques and species reveal complex, non-linear interactions between different frequencies of neuronal network oscillations within and across brain regions. Here, we briefly review the evidence that these nested, cross-frequency interactions act in concert with linearly covariant (within-frequency) activity to dynamically coordinate functionally ...
Yamamoto Takashi - - 2010
We show that any optical pulse train recovers its original waveform after passing through a group velocity dispersion (GVD) device when the total GVD value of the device is equal to an integral multiple of 1/(2πf(rep)(2)), where f(rep) is the repetition rate of the optical pulse train. In addition, we ...
Zwick Susanne - - 2010
Dynamic holography using spatial light modulators is a very flexible technique that offers various new applications compared to static holography. We give an overview on the technical background of dynamic holography focusing on pixelated spatial light modulators and their technical restrictions, and we present a selection of the numerous applications ...
Ehm Werner - - 2011
Ambiguous figures induce sudden transitions between rivaling percepts. We investigated electroencephalogram frequency modulations of accompanying change-related de- and rebinding processes. Presenting the stimuli discontinously, we synchronized perceptual reversals with stimulus onset, which served as a time reference for averaging. The resultant gain in temporal resolution revealed a sequence of time-frequency ...
Hyppänen Iko - - 2010
The sinusoidal modulation of excitation intensity and phase-sensitive detection of emission is ideally suitable for the accurate determination of the lifetime and intensity of lanthanide luminescence. In this work we elaborate on the general mathematical and instrumental techniques of the frequency-domain (FD) measurements in the low-frequency domain below 100 kHz. ...
Hsieh I-Hui - - 2010
This study investigated the ability to use spatial information in mixed-modulated (MM) sounds containing concurrent frequency-modulated (FM) and amplitude-modulated (AM) sounds by exploring patterns of interference when different modulation types originated from different loci as may occur in a multisource acoustic field. Interaural delay thresholds were measured from 5 normal-hearing ...
Obata Kotaro - - 2010
Multi-focus two-photon polymerization with a spatial light modulator is demonstrated. The spatial light modulator generates multi-focus spots via phase modulation technique controlled by a computer generated hologram (CGH) pattern. Each focus spot can be individually addressed in position and laser intensity. The multi-focus two-photon polymerization technique allows the fabrication of ...
McNerney Kathleen M - - 2010
The auditory steady-state response (ASSR) is an auditory evoked potential which follows the envelope of the stimulus. One of the advantages of the ASSR is that multiple stimulation frequencies can be tested simultaneously. In experiment 1, we evaluated the effects of simultaneously presenting two separate stimuli on ASSR response amplitude. ...
Bell Steven L - - 2010
Auditory steady state responses (ASSR) allow objective assessment of hearing thresholds. At high stimulation levels artifactual responses have been reported in subjects with severe to profound deafness. Relatively large amplitude 'steady state' responses to amplitude modulated tones were measured from the Sternocleidomastoid muscle at 500 Hz. Response thresholds were similar ...
Song Ho-Jin - - 2010
We present a photonic technique for generating a frequency- modulated sub-terahertz signal for non-destructive or noninvasive sensing and imaging applications. Large frequency deviation was achieved by using optical phase modulation and heterodyne photomixing with an uni-travelling photodetector. The operation principle is theoretically derived and explained. In addition, the generation of ...
Liss Julie M JM Motor Speech Disorders Laboratory, Arizona State University Coor, 870102, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA. - - 2010
Previous research demonstrated the ability of temporally based rhythm metrics to distinguish among dysarthrias with different prosodic deficit profiles (J. M. Liss et al., 2009). The authors examined whether comparable results could be obtained by an automated analysis of speech envelope modulation spectra (EMS), which quantifies the rhythmicity of speech ...
Hu Ning - - 2010
Response rates of auditory nerve fibers (ANFs) to electric pulse trains change over time, reflecting substantial spike-rate adaptation that depends on stimulus parameters. We hypothesize that adaptation affects the representation of amplitude-modulated pulse trains used by cochlear prostheses to transmit speech information to the auditory system. We recorded cat ANF ...
Lobanov Valery E - - 2010
We put forward a new approach to generate stable, fully three-dimensional light bullets, which is based on the matching of the intrinsic material dispersion with a suitable effective diffraction. The matching is achieved in adequate waveguide arrays whose refractive index is periodically modulated along the direction of light propagation. We ...
Benoît-Pasanau Céline - - 2010
It is possible to reduce the diffraction peaks of a Spatial Light Modulator (SLM) by breaking the periodicity of the pixels shape. We propose a theoretical investigation of a SLM that would be based on a Voronoi diagram, obtained by deforming a regular grid, and show that for a specific ...
Shimizu Thomas S - - 2010
The Escherichia coli chemotaxis-signaling pathway computes time derivatives of chemoeffector concentrations. This network features modules for signal reception/amplification and robust adaptation, with sensing of chemoeffector gradients determined by the way in which these modules are coupled in vivo. We characterized these modules and their coupling by using fluorescence resonance energy ...
Gander P E - - 2010
We used the stimulus-driven 40-Hz auditory steady-state response (ASSR) that localizes tonotopically to the region of primary auditory cortex (A1) to study modulation of this region by top-down attention. Experiment 1 presented amplitude modulated (AM) auditory and visual stimuli simultaneously (AM at 40 Hz and 16 Hz, respectively) while participants ...
Shen Yi - - 2010
To determine the effects of hearing loss and fast-acting compression on auditory grouping based on across-frequency modulation, modulation detection interference (MDI) was measured in listeners with normal hearing and hearing loss. MDI, the increase in the amplitude-modulation detection threshold of a target presented with an interferer distant in frequency, was ...
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