Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1320
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Luo Xin - - 2006
Chinese sentence recognition strongly relates to the reception of tonal information. For cochlear implant (CI) users with residual acoustic hearing, tonal information may be enhanced by restoring low-frequency acoustic cues in the nonimplanted ear. The present study investigated the contribution of low-frequency acoustic information to Chinese speech recognition in Mandarin-speaking ...
George Erwin L J - - 2006
The Speech Reception Threshold for sentences in stationary noise and in several amplitude-modulated noises was measured for 8 normal-hearing listeners, 29 sensorineural hearing-impaired listeners, and 16 normal-hearing listeners with simulated hearing loss. This approach makes it possible to determine whether the reduced benefit from masker modulations, as often observed for ...
Anzalone Michael C MC Department of Biomedical and Chemical Engineering, Institute for Sensory Research, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244, USA. - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine the maximum benefit provided by a time-frequency gain-manipulation algorithm for noise-reduction (NR) based on an ideal detector of speech energy. The amount of detected energy necessary to show benefit using this type of NR algorithm was examined, as well as the necessary ...
Rabinowitz P M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Much of what is known about the exposure-response relationship between occupational noise exposures and hearing loss comes from cross-sectional studies conducted before the widespread implementation of workplace hearing conservation programmes. Little is known about the current relationship of ambient noise exposure measurements to hearing loss risk. AIM: To examine ...
Abel Sharon M - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Noise levels from military aircraft range from 100-130 dBA. Peak pressure levels from large caliber weapons may reach 180 dB SPL. To protect against hearing loss, individuals are encouraged to wear double hearing protection. This study determined ways to maximize benefit. METHOD: Hearing thresholds from 0.25-8 kHz and consonant ...
Kermany Mohammad Habiby - - 2006
The Tennessee Mouse Genome Consortium (TMGC) employed an N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU)-mutagenesis scheme to identify mouse recessive mutants with hearing phenotypes. We employed auditory brainstem responses (ABR) to click and 8, 16, and 32 kHz stimuli and screened 285 pedigrees (1819 mice of 8-11 weeks old in various mixed genetic backgrounds) each ...
Monteiro de Castro Silva Isabella - - 2006
High-frequency audiometry can detect early changes in auditory sensitivity resulting from processes such as aging. Nonetheless its use is still limited, and additional studies are required to establish its use, particularly among older adults. AIM: To compare pure tone thresholds for frequencies from 250 Hz to 16 kHz in young ...
Sakai Yuki - - 2006
CONCLUSIONS: A new giant magnetostrictive bone conduction transducer (GMT) measuring 8 mm (length) by 2 mm (diameter) is capable of outputting sounds over a wider range of frequencies than conventional electromagnetic transducers (EMTs). The GMT can vibrate the rat skull about 3-100 times faster than the EMT, especially above 2 ...
Houser Dorian S - - 2006
Variable stimulus presentation methods are used in auditory evoked potential (AEP) estimates of cetacean hearing sensitivity, each of which might affect stimulus reception and hearing threshold estimates. This study quantifies differences in underwater hearing thresholds obtained by AEP and behavioral means. For AEP estimates, a transducer embedded in a suction ...
Lorenzi Christian - - 2006
Consonant identification was measured for a stationary and amplitude-modulated noise masker in four listeners with flat cochlear hearing loss, and four age-matched normal-hearing listeners. The masker modulation rate was systematically varied between 2 and 128 Hz. Masking release (MR), that is better identification performance in fluctuating, than in stationary noise, ...
Lentz Jennifer J - - 2006
Spectral-shape discrimination thresholds were measured in the presence and absence of noise to determine whether normal-hearing and hearing-impaired listeners rely primarily on spectral peaks in the excitation pattern when discriminating between stimuli with different spectral shapes. Standard stimuli were the sum of 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 20, or 30 ...
Epstein Michael - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Measures of reaction time (RT) near threshold have been used to indicate whether listeners with hearing losses of primarily cochlear origin experience greater loudness at elevated thresholds than at normal thresholds. These measurements have been based on the assumption that RTs near threshold are not affected by stimulus frequency ...
Gabriel D - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to investigate the simple reaction time (RT) performance of patients with steeply sloping sensorineural hearing loss. This kind of hearing loss has the particularity of inducing a reorganization of the primary auditory cortex (Dietrich et al, 2001), the edge frequency of the loss ...
Plyler Patrick N - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to determine if amplifying beyond 2 kHz affected the objective and subjective performance of hearing instrument users with varying degrees of mild-to-severe high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss. METHOD: Twenty participants were fitted binaurally with digital completely-in-the-canal devices with 4-channel wide dynamic range compression ...
Katbamna Bharti - - 2006
In this study we assessed the effects of chronic, dietary exposure of Aroclor 1254 (A1254) on the hearing of Xenopus frogs. We used the auditory brainstem response (ABR) to assay changes in hearing physiology; ABR thresholds, as well as latency-intensity and amplitude-intensity profiles of the initial positive (P1) and negative ...
Radeloff A - - 2006
CONCLUSIONS: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) supply to the inner ear does not improve the time course or the extent of functional recovery after hair cell regeneration. Specifically it does not improve the residual threshold elevation observed after the completion of spontaneous recovery. OBJECTIVE: The avian inner ear is capable of ...
Finneran James J - - 2006
Traditional behavioral techniques for hearing assessment in marine mammals are limited by the time and access required to train subjects. Electrophysiological methods, where passive electrodes are used to measure auditory evoked potentials (AEPs), are attractive alternatives to behavioral techniques; however, there have been few attempts to compare AEP and behavioral ...
Jin Su-Hyun - - 2006
Previous investigations have suggested that hearing-impaired (HI) listeners have reduced masking release (MR) compared to normal hearing listeners (NH) when they listen in modulated noise. The current study examined the following questions that have not been clearly answered: First, when HI listeners are amplified so that their performance is equal ...
Verhey Jesko L - - 2006
Spectral loudness summation was measured for 10- and 1000-ms long bandpass-noise signals with bandwidths in the range of 0.2 to 6.4 kHz centered at 2 kHz for nine listeners with hearing impairment of primarily cochlear origin. Loudness matches between signals with the same duration and different bandwidth were obtained using ...
Anweiler Anne-Kristin - - 2006
The equal-loudness-ratio hypothesis (ELRH) assumes that the loudness ratio between equal-level long and short signals with the same spectrum is independent of level and spectrum. Thus, it predicts the same amount of spectral loudness summation for equal-level short and long signals. To investigate how duration and level affect spectral loudness ...
Schmuziger Nicolas - - 2006
A promising approach to the prediction of pure-tone thresholds through the estimation of DPOAE thresholds by input/output functions was recently published by Boege and Janssen [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 111, 1810-1818 (2002)]. On the basis of their results, a device that enables automated measurements of these thresholds was recently developed. ...
Canale Andrea - - 2006
The auditory steady-state responses to single continuous tones modulated in amplitude have been proposed as an alternative to objective frequency-specific audiometry. The aim of this study was to compare thresholds obtained by pure-tone audiometry (PTA) and by auditory steady-state responses in normal hearing or affected by hearing loss in adults ...
Feng Albert S - - 2006
Among vertebrates, only microchiropteran bats, cetaceans and some rodents are known to produce and detect ultrasounds (frequencies greater than 20 kHz) for the purpose of communication and/or echolocation, suggesting that this capacity might be restricted to mammals. Amphibians, reptiles and most birds generally have limited hearing capacity, with the ability ...
Schacks S - - 2006
Reference values were established for frequency-specific electric response audiometry (ERA) in dogs on the basis of the results of ERA examinations of 200 animals with normal hearing. Air-conducting acoustic tubes with foam stoppers were used in the determination of the following: the latencies of waves I, III and V; interpeak ...
Hornsby Benjamin W Y BW Department of Hearing and Speech Science, Dan Maddox Hearing Aid Research Laboratory, Vanderbilt University, Vanderbilt Bill Wilkerson Center Nashville, Tennessee 37232-8242, USA. - - 2006
The speech understanding of persons with sloping high-frequency (HF) hearing impairment (HI) was compared to normal hearing (NH) controls and previous research on persons with "flat" losses [Hornsby and Ricketts (2003). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 113, 1706-1717] to examine how hearing loss configuration affects the contribution of speech information in ...
Gabriel D - - 2006
Several studies have already demonstrated that patients with steeply sloping hearing loss of cochlear origin exhibit an improvement in frequency discrimination performance at or around the cut-off frequency. This enhancement cannot be explained in terms of peripheral mechanisms and should rather be interpreted in terms of central reorganization: i.e., injury-induced ...
Cook Mandy L H - - 2006
Several mass strandings of beaked whales have recently been correlated with military exercises involving mid-frequency sonar highlighting unknowns regarding hearing sensitivity in these species. We report the hearing abilities of a stranded juvenile beaked whale (Mesoplodon europaeus) measured with auditory evoked potentials. The beaked whale's modulation rate transfer function (MRTF) ...
Willott James F - - 2006
The ABR is an electroencephalographic response measured with scalp electrodes. It provides a quick, easy, and reliable method for physiological assessment of auditory sensitivity in mice. A series of brief tone pips or clicks is presented to an anesthetized mouse at a high rate of speed; each click evokes waves ...
Jensen Kenneth K - - 2006
The hearing threshold and critical ratios were estimated psycho-acoustically for captive wild-caught hooded crows by a yes/no procedure and the method of constant stimuli. Human subjects were tested in the same setup for direct comparison and to check for experimental artifacts. The hooded crows were found to have excellent low-frequency ...
Ba┼čkent Deniz - - 2006
In sensorineural hearing loss, damage to inner hair cells or the auditory nerve may result in dead regions in the cochlea, where the information transmission is disrupted. In cochlear implants, similar dead regions might appear if the spiral ganglia do not function. Shannon et al. [J. Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol. 3, ...
Jokitulppo Jaana - - 2006
The aim of this study was to set up a statistical measure for determine the total cumulative noise exposure of Finnish conscripts (n = 1,054) as a result of leisure-time noise activities. All of the conscripts underwent hearing screening. The conscripts' time in noisy activities and their rating of the ...
Tang Qing - - 2006
The present study is aimed to evaluate and compare loudness adaptation between normal hearing and cochlear-implant subjects. Loudness adaptation for 367-s pure tones was measured in five normal-hearing subjects at three frequencies (125, 1,000, and 8,000 Hz) and three levels (30, 60, and 90 dB SPL). In addition, loudness adaptation ...
Turner Christopher W - - 2006
This review article summarizes the effects of sensorineural hearing loss on the recognition of amplified speech, both for speech presented in quiet and in a noise background. Some hypotheses are presented regarding the underlying damage in the cochlea that leads to the deficits in speech recognition for hearing losses of ...
Stieve M - - 2006
In an experimental study, we determined the physiological hearing threshold of the rabbit in order to use these data as normative values for further experimental investigations. The aim was to use different acoustic stimuli (click and tone-pip stimuli) with different frequency spectra for air and bone conduction (BC) in order ...
Açikgöz Nuri N Dept. of Biomed. Eng., Miami Univ., Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA. - - 2006
The Auditory Steady-state Responses (ASSR) elicited by click stimuli can be utilized for hearing screening as is traditionally done with click-evoked Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABR). In a typical ASSR or ABR hearing screening, several recordings at different intensities are required to find the response threshold. In this study the use ...
Fitzgerald Matthew B MB Dept. of Otolaryngology, New York Univ. Sch. of Medicine, NY 10016, USA. - - 2006
Cochlear implants can restore hearing to deaf individuals by electrically stimulating the auditory nerve. They do so by assigning different frequencies to different stimulating electrodes via a frequency map. We have developed a device that enables us to change the frequency map in real time. Here, in normal-hearing adults listening ...
Katbamna Bharti - - 2006
In this study we recorded auditory brainstem responses to airborne sounds to determine the hearing sensitivity of Xenopus laevis frogs and correlated their hearing profiles with middle ear characteristics. In newly metamorphosed frogs (body mass 0.5-0.76 gm, snout-vent length 17-20 mm) best hearing sensitivities were measured in the 2.4-2.8 kHz ...
Dobie Robert A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relation between audiometric shape and noise-induced permanent threshold shift averaged across the speech frequencies (N5123). DESIGN: Using an international standard (ISO-1999), 270 audiograms were created, representing both sexes and a variety of ages, exposure levels, and percentiles. Bulge depth (BD) was defined as the difference between ...
Holt Marla M - - 2005
In this study, minimum audible angles (MAAs) of aerial pure tones were measured in and compared between a northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris), a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina), and a California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Testing was conducted between 0.8 and 16 kHz in the elephant seal and 0.8 and ...
Elangovan Saravanan - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the word recognition performance in noise of individuals with a simulated low-frequency hearing loss. The goal was to understand how low-frequency hearing impairment affects performance on tasks that challenge temporal processing skills. METHODS: Twenty-two normal-hearing young adults participated. Monosyllabic words were presented in continuous ...
Yuen Michelle M L - - 2005
Behavioral and auditory evoked potential (AEP) audiograms of a false killer whale were measured using the same subject and experimental conditions. The objective was to compare and assess the correspondence of auditory thresholds collected by behavioral and electrophysiological techniques. Behavioral audiograms used 3-s pure-tone stimuli from 4 to 45 kHz, ...
DiGiovanni Jeffrey J - - 2005
Listeners with sensorineural hearing loss have well-documented elevated hearing thresholds; reduced auditory dynamic ranges; and reduced spectral (or frequency) resolution that may reduce speech intelligibility, especially in the presence of competing sounds. Amplification and amplitude compression partially compensate for elevated thresholds and reduced dynamic ranges but do not remediate the ...
Ellison John C JC Boys Town National Research Hospital, Omaha, Nebraska, - - 2005
The goals of the study are to determine how well stimulus-frequency otoacoustic emissions (SFOAEs) identify hearing loss, classify hearing loss as mild or moderate-severe, and correlate with pure-tone thresholds in a population of adults with normal middle ear function. Other goals are to determine if middle ear function as assessed ...
Yasin Ifat - - 2005
For most normal-hearing listeners, absolute thresholds increase rapidly above about 16 kHz. One hypothesis is that the high-frequency limit of the hearing-threshold curve is imposed by the transmission characteristics of the middle ear, which attenuates the sound input [Masterton et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 45, 966-985 (1969)]. An alternative ...
Ricketts Todd A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current investigation was to systematically examine two of the assumptions central to the application of Articulation Index weighted Directivity Index (AI-DI) to the prediction of directional benefit across three groups of listeners differentiated by degree and configuration of hearing loss. Specifically, the assumption that (1) ...
Roeser Ross J - - 2005
This study sought to quantify the effects of varying the degree of ear canal occlusion on pure-tone threshold sensitivity. Thresholds were obtained from each ear of five normal-hearing adults without occlusion, with complete occlusion, and with partial occlusion estimated to be 40-60% and 60-80%. A commercial lubricant was used in ...
Kastelein Ronald A - - 2005
The unmasked underwater hearing sensitivities of an 8-year-old male and a 7-year-old female Steller sea lion were measured in a pool, by using behavioral psychophysics. The animals were trained with positive reinforcement to respond when they detected an acoustic signal and not to respond when they did not. The signals ...
Ching Teresa Y C - - 2005
We investigated speech perception advantages arising from the use of inter-aural time difference cues, and from the provision of redundant information by the use of a hearing aid contralateral to a cochlear implant (bimodal hearing devices). Thirty-eight subjects (14 normally hearing and 23 hearing-impaired) participated in this study. The effect ...
Amoser Sonja - - 2005
Several groups of fishes, among them two thirds of all freshwater fishes, have developed hearing specializations that enhance auditory sensitivity and broaden frequency ranges compared with hearing non-specialists (generalists), which lack such adaptations. It has been speculated that the enhanced sensitivities of these so-called hearing specialists have evolved in quiet ...
Dorman Michael F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore the consequences for speech understanding of leaving a gap in frequency between a region of acoustic hearing and a region stimulated electrically. Our studies were conducted with normal-hearing listeners, using an acoustic simulation of combined electric and acoustic (EAS) stimulation. DESIGN: Simulations of EAS ...
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