Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1320
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Ison James R - - 2007
Auditory brainstem-evoked response (ABR) thresholds were obtained in a longitudinal study of C57BL/6J mice between 10 and 53 weeks old, with repeated testing every 2 weeks. On alternate weeks, acoustic startle reflex (ASR) amplitudes were measured, elicited by tone pips with stimulus frequencies of 3, 6, 12, and 24 kHz, ...
Backus Bradford C BC Speech and Hearing Bioscience and Technology, Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. - - 2007
A clinical test for the strength of the medial olivocochlear reflex (MOCR) might be valuable as a predictor of individuals at risk for acoustic trauma or for explaining why some people have trouble understanding speech in noise. A first step in developing a clinical test for MOCR strength is to ...
Plack Christopher J CJ Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YF, United Kingdom. - - 2007
The decrease in absolute threshold with increasing stimulus duration (often referred to as "temporal integration") is greater for listeners with normal hearing than for listeners with sensorineural hearing loss. It has been suggested that the difference is related to reduced basilar-membrane (BM) compression in the impaired group. The present experiment ...
Cebulla Mario - - 2007
The click stimulus generally used for newborn hearing screening generates a traveling wave along the basilar membrane, which excites each of the frequency bands in the cochlea, one after another. Due to the lack in synchronization of the excitations, the summated response amplitude is low. A repetitive click-like stimulus can ...
Ashihara Kaoru - - 2007
Hearing thresholds for pure tones between 16 and 30 kHz were measured by an adaptive method. The maximum presentation level at the entrance of the outer ear was about 110 dB SPL. To prevent the listeners from detecting subharmonic distortions in the lower frequencies, pink noise was presented as a ...
Schmuziger Nicolas - - 2007
The clinical value of extended high-frequency audiometry for the detection of noise-induced hearing loss has not been established conclusively. The purpose of this study was to assess the relative temporary threshold shift (TTS) in two frequency regions (conventional versus extended high frequency). In this exploratory study, pure-tone thresholds from 0.5 ...
Kei Joseph - - 2008
The effect of noise on auditory steady-state response (ASSR) has not been systematically studied, despite the fact that ASSR thresholds are sometimes measured in noisy environments. This study examined the effects of noise (speech babble) on the ASSR thresholds obtained from 31 normal hearing adults aged from 17 to 36 ...
Summers Van - - 2007
These experiments examined how high presentation levels influence speech recognition for high- and low-frequency stimuli in noise. Normally hearing (NH) and hearing-impaired (HI) listeners were tested. In Experiment 1, high- and low-frequency bandwidths yielding 70%-correct word recognition in quiet were determined at levels associated with broadband speech at 75 dB ...
Schlundt Carolyn E - - 2007
Dolphin auditory thresholds obtained via evoked potential audiometry may deviate from behavioral estimates by 20 dB or more. Differences in the sound source, stimulus presentation method, wave form, and duration may partially explain these discrepancies. To determine the agreement between behavioral and auditory evoked potential (AEP) threshold estimates when these ...
Höbel Gerlinde - - 2007
Tettigoniids use hearing for mate finding and the avoidance of predators (mainly bats). Using intracellular recordings, we studied the response properties of auditory receptor cells of Neoconocephalus bivocatus to different sound frequencies, with a special focus on the frequency ranges representative of male calls and bat cries. We found several ...
Hof-Duin Nanda J - - 2007
Although it is generally accepted that endolymphatic hydrops is the cause of complaints in patients suffering from Menière's disease, it has not been possible up to now to prove the presence of an endolymphatic hydrops in living humans. This study evaluated the psychophysical method introduced by Mrowinski et al. [Mrowinski ...
Mackersie Carol L CL School of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, San Diego State University, 5500 Companile Drive, MC-1518, San Diego, CA 92182-1518, USA. - - 2007
The purposes were (a) to compare masking of consonant bursts by adjacent vowels for listeners with and without hearing loss and (b) to determine the extent to which the temporal intraspeech masking can be reduced by a simulated hearing-aid frequency-response shaping. Fourteen adults with sensorineural hearing loss and 10 with ...
Peng Jian-Hua JH Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, People's Republic of - - 2007
To investigate the effects of personal listening device use on hearing in young listeners. Conventional frequency audiometry (0.5-8 kHz) and extended high-frequency audiometry (10-20 kHz) were performed on 120 personal listening device users and 30 normal-hearing young adults. The hearing thresholds in the 3 to 8 kHz frequency range were ...
Swanepoel DeWet - - 2007
The auditory steady-state response (ASSR) has gained popularity as an alternative technique for objective audiometry but its use in less severe degrees of hearing loss has been questioned. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of the ASSR in estimating moderate degrees of hearing loss. Seven subjects ...
Gordo Angela - - 2007
In patients with moderate to severe high-frequency hearing loss, cochlear damage may include "dead regions" where there are no functional inner hair cells and/or associated neurons. AIM: This study examines speech recognition in sensorineural impaired hearing patients with and without cochlear dead regions at high frequencies. METHODS: a clinical and ...
Yack Jayne E - - 2007
Nocturnal Hedyloidea butterflies possess ultrasound-sensitive ears that mediate evasive flight maneuvers. Tympanal ear morphology, auditory physiology and behavioural responses to ultrasound are described for Macrosoma heliconiaria, and evidence for hearing is described for eight other hedylid species. The ear is formed by modifications of the cubital and subcostal veins at ...
Bolfan-Stosic Natalija - - 2007
The object of this paper is to report on preliminary acoustic characteristics obtained from a group of 10 to 12 year old males from special institution from Zagreb with more than mild sensorineural hearing losses. The study was structured as an investigation of voice and resonance characteristics of Croatian children ...
Tufts Jennifer B - - 2007
The perception of auditory roughness presumably results from imperfect spectral or temporal resolution. Sensorineural hearing loss, by affecting spectral resolution, may therefore alter roughness perception. In this study, normal-hearing and hearing-impaired listeners estimated the roughness of amplitude-modulated tones varying in carrier frequency, modulation rate, and modulation depth. Their judgments were ...
Priwin Claudia - - 2007
Previously, unilateral hearing impairment (UHI) has been considered of little consequence. However, a recent meta-analysis of children with UHI displayed educational and behavioural problems and possible delays of speech and language development. Further, patients with UHI consequently report hearing difficulties. Our study investigated hearing function, possible inner ear protection, and ...
Vinay All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysore, India. - - 2007
To estimate the prevalence of dead regions in adult subjects with sensorineural hearing impairment as a function of audiometric threshold and frequency and to assess the extent to which the presence/absence of a dead region can be predicted from the audiogram, gender, or age. Data were obtained from a random ...
Hornsby Benjamin W Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The benefits of directional processing in hearing aids are well documented in laboratory settings. Likewise, substantial research has shown that speech understanding is optimized in many settings when listening binaurally. Although these findings suggest that speech understanding would be optimized by using bilateral directional technology (e.g., a symmetric directional ...
Felix Richard A RA - - 2007
Individuals with age-related hearing loss often have difficulty understanding complex sounds such as basic speech. The C57BL/6 mouse suffers from progressive sensorineural hearing loss and thus is an effective tool for dissecting the neural mechanisms underlying changes in complex sound processing observed in humans. Neural mechanisms important for processing complex ...
Schmuziger Nicolas - - 2007
A very high signal-to-noise ratio is required for equipment designed for extended high-frequency audiometry because listeners with almost no hearing ability in the extended high-frequency range may have normal hearing sensitivity in the lower frequencies. Two commercially available systems designed for pure-tone audiometry were evaluated both in the conventional and ...
Casper Brandon M - - 2007
Auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) were used to measure the directional hearing thresholds of the white-spotted bamboo shark Chiloscyllium plagiosum and the brown-banded bamboo shark Chiloscyllium punctatum at four frequencies and seven directions, using a shaker table designed to mimic the particle motion component of sound. Over most directions and frequencies ...
Aazh Hashir H Audiology Department, Ealing Hospital, Southall, London, UK. - - 2007
The aims of this study were (1) to investigate the prevalence of dead regions (DRs) at 4 kHz in elderly people with hearing loss and (2) to determine the extent to which the presence/absence of a DR can be predicted from the absolute threshold, the slope of the audiogram, or ...
Simon Malene - - 2007
Echolocation clicks from Norwegian killer whales feeding on herring schools were recorded using a four-hydrophone array. The clicks had broadband bimodal frequency spectra with low and high frequency peaks at 24 and 108 kHz, respectively. The -10 dB bandwidth was 35 kHz. The average source level varied from 173 to ...
Mauermann Manfred - - 2007
Tone complexes with positive (m+) and negative (m-) Schroeder phase show large differences in masking efficiency. This study investigated whether the different phase characteristics also affect loudness. Loudness matches between m+ and m- complexes were measured as a function of (1) the fundamental frequency (f0) for different frequency bands in ...
Olszewski Jurek - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the influence of short-term impulse noise to temporary threshold shift in soldiers using hearing protectors. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: The study included 80 subjects with correct tympanic membrane and thresholds measured by pure-tone audiometry less than 20 dB. There were two ...
Heffner Henry E - - 2007
Any attempt to assess the effects of sounds on animals must consider species differences in hearing abilities. Although the hearing ranges of most species overlap to a large degree, considerable variation occurs in high- and low-frequency hearing as well as in absolute sensitivity. As a result, a sound that is ...
Eberl Daniel F DF Department of Biology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1324, USA. - - 2007
Hearing is a specialized mechanosensory modality that is refined during evolution to meet the particular requirements of different organisms. In the fruitfly, Drosophila, hearing is mediated by Johnston's organ, a large chordotonal organ in the antenna that is exquisitely sensitive to the near-field acoustic signal of courtship songs generated by ...
Lolov Stephan - - 2007
After pure-tone audiometry, we have several sequences of threshold values. Usually, a multiple-line plot is used to present and compare data between measurements by overlaying them in a single graph. Calculation of air-bone gap and pure-tone average is widely accepted as an approach to simplify statistical handling of these data. ...
Merchant Saumil N SN Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA 02114-3096, USA. - - 2007
A puzzling aspect of middle ear surgery is the presence of an air-bone gap in a small number of cases with no apparent cause. We believe that some of these cases are due to unrecognized superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD). We have now gathered experience from 20 patients with SSCD ...
Zeigelboim Bianca S - - 2007
Our objective was to determine the high-frequency hearing thresholds of women with multiple sclerosis (MS) and to investigate the presence of side dominance for high-frequency perception. We submitted 19 affected and 106 nonaffected women (controls) to high-frequency audiometry and classified them in subgroups according to their age (30-40, 40-50, and ...
Upile Tahwinder - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is very little knowledge about alcohol-induced hearing loss. Alcohol consumption and tolerance to loud noise is a well observed phenomenon as seen in the Western world where parties get noisier by the hour as the evening matures. This leads to increase in the referrals to the "hearing aid ...
Keidser Gitte - - 2007
This study aimed to determine the low- and high-frequency compression ratios of a fast-acting device that were preferred by people with moderately severe to profound hearing loss. Three compression ratios (1:1, 1.8:1, and 3:1) were combined in the low and high frequencies to produce nine schemes that were evaluated pair-wise ...
Svenssona Glenn P - - 2007
Nocturnal moths often use sex pheromones to find mates and ultrasonic hearing to evade echolocating bat predators. Male moths, when confronted with both pheromones and sound, thus have to trade off reproduction and predator avoidance depending on the relative strengths of the perceived conflicting stimuli. The ultrasonic hearing of Plodia ...
Bohn Kirsten M - - 2006
Echolocating bats are auditory specialists, with exquisite hearing that spans several octaves. In the ultrasonic range, bat audiograms typically show highest sensitivity in the spectral region of their species-specific echolocation calls. Well-developed hearing in the audible range has been commonly attributed to a need to detect sounds produced by prey. ...
Langers Dave R M - - 2007
The aim of this fMRI study was to relate cortical fMRI responses to both physical and perceptual sound level characteristics. Besides subjects with normal hearing, subjects with high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss were included, as distortion of loudness perception is a characteristic of such impairment. Cortical responses in both subject groups ...
Bernstein Joshua G W - - 2006
This study tested the relationship between frequency selectivity and the minimum spacing between harmonics necessary for accurate fo discrimination. Fundamental frequency difference limens (fo DLs) were measured for ten listeners with moderate sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and three normal-hearing listeners for sine- and random-phase harmonic complexes, bandpass filtered between 1500 ...
Davidson Lisa S - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study examined the relation of audibility for frequency-specific sounds and the Speech Intelligibility Index (SII) to speech perception abilities of children with sensorineural hearing loss using digital signal-processing hearing aids with wide dynamic range compression. METHOD: Twenty-six children age 5-15 years with pure-tone averages (0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 ...
Rance Gary - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To follow the development of tone-burst auditory brainstem response (TB-ABR) and auditory steady-state response (ASSR) thresholds in a group of normal babies through the first 6 wk of life. DESIGN: This longitudinal study involved assessment at four data-collection points. TB-ABR and ASSR thresholds to 500-Hz and 4-kHz stimuli were ...
Eggermont J J - - 2006
CONCLUSION: There appears to be a definite link between reorganization of the cortical tonotopic map and increased spontaneous firing rates. The results have implications for the reduction of noise-induced hearing loss and in the prevention of noise-induced tinnitus in humans. OBJECTIVES: To review animal and human studies related to neural ...
Roberts Larry E - - 2006
CONCLUSIONS: Psychoacoustic functions relating the depth and duration of tinnitus suppression ('residual inhibition') to the center frequency of band-passed noise masking sounds appear to span the region of hearing loss, as do psychoacoustic measurements of the tinnitus spectrum. The results (1) suggest that cortical map reorganization induced by hearing loss ...
Plantinga Rutger F - - 2007
In DFNA8/12, an autosomal dominantly inherited type of nonsyndromic hearing impairment, the TECTA gene mutation causes a defect in the structure of the tectorial membrane in the inner ear. Because DFNA8/12 affects the tectorial membrane, patients with DFNA8/12 may show specific audiometric characteristics. In this study, five selected members of ...
Aizawa Naotaka - - 2007
Kittens were exposed for 2h to a 1/3rd octave band of noise centered at 5kHz and at 120dB SPL. After the exposure, they were kept in a quiet room for at least 4 weeks, and until they were mature. The noise-exposed cats showed on average 16.5dB higher ABR thresholds and ...
Lange Simone - - 2007
Subterranean mammals rely to a great extent on audition for communication and to be alerted to danger. The only hitherto published report on burrow acoustics revealed that in tunnels of blind mole-rats (Spalax ehrenbergi), airborne sounds of 440 Hz propagated best whereas lower and higher frequencies were effectively attenuated. Morpho-functional ...
Simpson Andrea - - 2006
Previous investigation of an experimental, wearable frequency-compression hearing aid revealed improvements in speech perception for a group of listeners with moderately sloping audiograms (Simpson et al, 2005). In the frequency-compression hearing aid, high frequencies (above 1600 Hz) were amplified in addition to being lowered in frequency. Lower frequencies were amplified ...
Kluk Karolina K Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EB, UK. - - 2006
Following a restricted lesion of the cochlea, which produces a "dead region" (DR), animal experiments have revealed an increase in the cortical representation of frequencies just below the edge frequency (f(e)) of the DR. This may result in improved difference limens for frequency (DLFs) just below f(e). In previous studies ...
Moore Brian C J BC Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EB, United Kingdom. - - 2006
For normally hearing subjects, thresholds for discriminating the fundamental frequency (F0) of a complex tone, F0DLs, increase when the number of the lowest harmonic, N, is above eight. A previous study showed that F0DLs were affected by component phase for N above 7, and it was argued that the increase ...
Stumpner Andreas - - 2007
The parasitoid tachinid fly Homotrixa alleni detects its hosts by their acoustic signals. The tympanal organ of the fly is located at the prothorax and contains scolopidial sensory units of different size and orientation. The tympanal membrane vibrates in the frequency range of approximately 4-35 kHz, which is also reflected ...
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