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Sadtler Bryce B Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Department of Applied Physics and Materials Science, Kavli Nanoscience Institute, and Beckman Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA - - 2013
Photoresponsive materials that adapt their morphologies, growth directions, and growth rates dynamically in response to the local incident electromagnetic field would provide a remarkable route to the synthesis of complex 3D mesostructures via feedback between illumination and the structure that develops under optical excitation. We report the spontaneous development of ...
Moukos Antonis - - 2013
In a longitudinal study of 76 noise-exposed industrial workers, 34 (68 ears) of them were available for final evaluation after 9 years of observation. Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DP) at 65/55 dB SPL and pure-tone audiometry were used to detect noise-induced inner ear changes. Repeated measures analyses of variance were made on the ...
Hurley Susan - - 2013
There is accumulating evidence that circadian disruption, mediated by alterations in melatonin levels, may play an etiologic role in a wide variety of diseases. The degree to which light-at-night (LAN) and other factors can alter melatonin levels is not well-documented. Our primary objective was to evaluate the degree to which ...
Aisyah Siti - - 2013
The isoflavonoid profile of soybean was altered in different ways by stimulation of defence response upon germination. The combination of simultaneous germination and induction by Rhizopus oryzae increased the total isoflavonoid content of soybeans over two-fold. Pterocarpans became the predominant isoflavonoids, up to 50% (w/w) of total isoflavonoids. To modulate ...
Chiacchiaretta Piero - - 2013
Previous evidence showed that spin-echo (SE) BOLD signals offer an increased linearity and promptness with respect to gradient-echo (GE) acquisition, possibly providing a more accurate estimate of the amplitude of neuronal activity. However there is no evidence that the two sequences differ in representing different activation levels due to changes ...
Soni J - - 2013
The spin orbit interactions (SOI) of light mediated by single scattering from plasmon resonant metal nanoparticles (nanorods and nanospheres) are investigated using Jones and Mueller matrix polarimetry formalism. The effect of neighboring resonances in plasmonic nanostructures (e.g., orthogonal electric dipolar modes in rods or electric dipolar and quadrupolar modes in ...
Fillion Myriam - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Visual functions are known to be sensitive to toxins such as mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb), while omega-3 fatty acids (FA) and selenium (Se) may be protective. In the Tapajós region of the Brazilian Amazon, all of these elements are present in the local diet. OBJECTIVE: Examine how near ...
Jiang Zheng - - 2013
A facile solvent evaporation induced self-assembly (SEISA) strategy was developed to synthesize mesoporous N-doped anatase TiO2 (SE-meso-TON) using a single organic complex precursor derived in situ from titanium butoxide and ethylenediamine in ethanol solution. After the evaporation of ethanol in a fume hood and subsequent calcinations at 450 °C, the ...
Slajpah Sebastjan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to analyse the asymmetry of sit-to-stand (STS) movement in a group of subjects following unilateral transtibial amputation (STTA) and a group of healthy subjects (HSs). Experimental measurements investigated standing-up pattern from two seat heights and at three different speeds. Body motion was measured using ...
Masuzawa Tomoaki - - 2013
Amorphous-selenium (a-Se) based photodetectors are promising candidates for imaging devices, due to their high spatial resolution and response speed, as well as extremely high sensitivity enhanced by an internal carrier multiplication. In addition, a-Se is reported to show sensitivity against wide variety of wavelengths, including visible, UV and X-ray, where ...
Van Cauwenberghe Eveline - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this observational study was to examine differences in preschoolers' sedentary time and physical activity (PA) participation between preschool-attending weekdays with and without a teacher-led structured PA session. DESIGN: A sample of 200 preschoolers (5.3±0.4y; 113 boys) from 26 preschools in Flanders, Belgium were included in data ...
Matjačić Zlatko - - 2012
The objective of the study was to assess functional postural responses by analyzing the center-of-pressure trajectories resulting from perturbations delivered in multiple directions to elderly fallers. Ten elderly individuals were standing quietly on two force platforms while an apparatus delivered controlled perturbations at the level of pelvis in eight directions: ...
Obraztsov Petr A - - 2011
We report the ultrafast light-induced absorbance change in CVD-grown multilayer graphene. Using femtosecond pump-probe measurements in 1100-1800 nm spectral range, we revealed broadband absorbance change when the probe photon energy was higher than that of the pump photon. The observed phenomenon is interpreted in terms of the Auger recombination and ...
Fan Guifeng - - 2011
Schottky junction solar cells are assembled by directly coating graphene films on n-type silicon nanowire (SiNW) arrays. The graphene/SiNW junction shows enhanced light trapping and faster carrier transport compared to the graphene/planar Si structure. With chemical doping, the SiNW-based solar cells showed energy conversion efficiencies of up to 2.86% at ...
Jiménez Raimundo - - 2011
Theoretically, the accommodative and vergence demands are different between single-vision contact lenses and spectacle lenses. The aim of the present study was to determine whether these differences exist when these two correction methods are used in clinical practice. For this, different visual parameters that characterize the accommodative (accommodation amplitude, accommodative ...
Calabro Finnegan J - - 2011
Segmentation of the visual scene into relevant object components is a fundamental process for successfully interacting with our surroundings. Many visual cues, including motion and binocular disparity, support segmentation, yet the mechanisms using these cues are unclear. We used a psychophysical motion discrimination task in which noise dots were displaced ...
Neek-Amal M - - 2010
The motion of a C60 molecule over a graphene sheet at finite temperature is investigated both theoretically and computationally. We show that a graphene sheet generates a van der Waals laterally periodic potential, which directly influences the motion of external objects in its proximity. The translational motion of a C60 ...
Kim Byung-Jae - - 2010
We report a graphene-based transparent conductive electrode for use in ultraviolet (UV) GaN light emitting diodes (LEDs). A few-layer graphene (FLG) layer was mechanically deposited. UV light at a peak wavelength of 368 nm was successfully emitted by the FLG layer as transparent contact to p-GaN. The emission of UV ...
Blake Randolph - - 2011
This essay reviews major developments - empirical and theoretical - in the field of binocular vision during the last 25years. We limit our survey primarily to work on human stereopsis, binocular rivalry and binocular contrast summation, with discussion where relevant of single-unit neurophysiology and human brain imaging. We identify several ...
Czuba Thaddeus B - - 2010
Two binocular cues are thought to underlie the visual perception of three-dimensional (3D) motion: a disparity-based cue, which relies on changes in disparity over time, and a velocity-based cue, which relies on interocular velocity differences. The respective building blocks of these cues, instantaneous disparity and retinal motion, exhibit very distinct ...
Rumyantsev S - - 2010
We fabricated a large number of single and bilayer graphene transistors and carried out a systematic experimental study of their low-frequency noise characteristics. Special attention was given to determining the dominant noise sources in these devices and the effect of aging on the current-voltage and noise characteristics. The analysis of ...
Costa Marcelo F - - 2010
Stereoscopic depth perception utilizes the disparity cues between the images that fall on the retinae of the two eyes. The purpose of this study was to determine what role aging and optical blur play in stereoscopic disparity sensitivity for real depth stimuli. Forty-six volunteers were tested ranging in age from ...
Hairol Mohd Izzuddin - - 2010
Foveal detection thresholds for LM and CM Gaussian blobs in the presence of visible, laterally placed blobs (separations of 0-6°) were measured monocularly and dichoptically in observers with normal vision. In the monocular and dichoptic viewing conditions, masking occurs for overlapping blobs, followed by facilitation when they are completely separated ...
Anderson Joe J Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA. - - 2010
We provide a solution to a major problem in visually guided reaching. Research has shown that binocular vision plays an important role in the online visual guidance of reaching, but the visual information and strategy used to guide a reach remains unknown. We propose a new theory of visual guidance ...
Brokovich Eran - - 2010
Shallow-water zooplanktivorous fish rely on their vision for foraging. In shallow water, feeding efficiency decreases in dim light and thus the fish cease foraging at crepuscular hours. Creatures living in the lower parts of their depth ranges are expected to be exposed to limited light levels for longer hours. However, ...
Jaschinski Wolfgang - - 2010
Fixation disparity, i.e. the vergence error for stationary fusion stimuli, can be measured objectively with eye trackers and subjectively with nonius lines. Between these two measures, previous studies found differences that tended to be proportional to the amount of forced vergence, i.e. the discrepancy between vergence and accommodative stimulus. We ...
Burge Johannes - - 2010
The shape of the contour separating two regions strongly influences judgments of which region is "figure" and which is "ground." Convexity and other figure-ground cues are generally assumed to indicate only which region is nearer, but nothing about how much the regions are separated in depth. To determine the depth ...
Hsu Li-Chuan - - 2010
After prolonged viewing, a static target among moving non-targets is perceived to repeatedly disappear and reappear. An uncrossed stereoscopic disparity of the target facilitates this Motion-Induced Blindness (MIB). Here we test whether monocular depth cues can affect MIB too, and whether they can also affect perceptual fading in static displays. ...
Ni Rui - - 2010
Previous research (Brooks & Gillam, 2006) has found that temporal interocular unmatched (IOUM) features generate a perception of subjective contours and can result in a perception of quantitative depth. In the present study we examine in detail the factors important for quantitative depth perception from IOUM features. In Experiments 1 ...
Kogo Naoki - - 2010
Recently we developed a model that reproduces the Kanizsa square illusion based on two principles: (1) a spatial 2-D integration of luminance ratio and differentiated depth signals creates a "primary" lightness map and a depth map, respectively, which is then followed by (2) a modification of the primary lightness values ...
Lesser Michael P - - 2010
Most studies on coral reefs have focused on shallow reef (< 30 m) systems due to the technical limitations of conducting scientific diving deeper than 30 m. Compared to their shallow-water counterparts, these mesophotic coral reefs (30-150 m) are understudied, which has slowed our broader understanding of the biodiversity, ecology, ...
Kogo Naoki - - 2010
Human visual perception is a fundamentally relational process: Lightness perception depends on luminance ratios, and depth perception depends on occlusion (difference of depth) cues. Neurons in low-level visual cortex are sensitive to the difference (but not the value itself) of signals, and these differences have to be used to reconstruct ...
Barclay David R - - 2010
Deep Sound is an untethered instrument platform designed to free-fall from the sea surface to a preassigned depth, at which point a burn wire releases a weight, allowing the system to return to the surface under buoyancy. The descent and ascent rate is 0.6 ms. A Vitrovex glass sphere houses ...
Khuu Sieu K - - 2010
We investigate the influence of local motion in the retinal image plane on the perception of speed-in-depth. Observers judged the apparent speed-in-depth of a square plane of dynamic dots that moved towards the observer. Dots forming the surface of the plane underwent random-direction motion in the image plane. We examined ...
Otto Joanna M - - 2010
PURPOSE: External visual noise plays a major role in real life, for instance, when a driver tries to identify an object through a snow flurry or through a dirty windshield. The goal of the present investigation was to quantify, under such a condition, the advantage of binocular over monocular vision ...
Todd James T - - 2010
There have been many experiments reported in the literature that have employed discrimination procedures to estimate the variance of observers' slant judgments from texture and binocular disparity, both individually and in combination. The research described in the present article identifies two serious methodological flaws in these studies. Although discrimination thresholds ...
Ito Hiroyuki - - 2010
Elements that move with velocity gradients have been shown to give the impression of depth. In this study, it was found that dots in circular motion around a line of sight give a depth impression corresponding to the gradients of the angular velocities of circular motion on a screen. The ...
Wendt Gunnar - - 2010
S. Nishida and M. Shinya (1998) found that observers have only a limited ability to recover surface-reflectance properties under changes in surface shape. Our aim in the present study was to investigate how the degree of surface-reflectance constancy depends on the availability of information that may help to infer the ...
Tsirlin Inna - - 2010
Recent experiments have established that monocular areas arising due to occlusion of one object by another contribute to stereoscopic depth perception. It has been suggested that the primary role of monocular occlusions is to define depth discontinuities and object boundaries in depth. Here we use a carefully designed stimulus to ...
Goutcher Ross - - 2010
To compute depth from binocular disparity, the visual system must correctly link corresponding points between two images, given multiple possible correspondences. Typically, model solutions to this problem use some form of local spatial smoothing, with many physiologically inspired models doing so implicitly, through the use of local cross-correlation-like procedures. In ...
Rogers Brian - - 2010
Abstract. Patrick Hughes's 'reverspective' artworks provide a novel way of investigating the effectiveness of different sources of 3-D information for the human visual system. Our empirical findings show that the converging lines of simple linear perspective can be as effective as the rich array of 3-D cues present in natural ...
Ouattara Mamadou - - 2010
[This corrects the article on p. e574 in vol. 4.].
Palmisano Stephen - - 2010
There has been no direct examination of stereoscopic depth perception at very large observation distances and depths. We measured perceptions of depth magnitude at distances where it is frequently reported without evidence that stereopsis is non-functional. We adapted methods pioneered at distances up to 9 m by R. S. Allison, ...
Cecchetto Stefano - - 2010
n order to read articles that either are on stereopsis, or use stereopsis as a tool, it is virtually inescapable to learn to fuse stereograms without the help of a stereoscope or special glasses (free fusion). For a few, this is easy. For many, it is frustratingly difficult, leading some ...
Kimura Kenji - - 2010
Composition depth profiling of HfO(2) (2.5 nm)/SiON (1.6 nm)/Si(001) was performed by three diffetent analytical techniques: high-resolution Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (HRBS), angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AR-XPS) and high-resolution elastic recoil detection (HR-ERD). By comparing these results we found the following: (1) HRBS generally provides accurate depth profiles. However, care must ...
Wismeijer D A - - 2010
Where we look when we scan visual scenes is an old question that continues to inspire both fundamental and applied research. Recently, it has been reported that depth is an important variable in driving eye movements: the directions of spontaneous saccades tend to follow depth gradients, or, equivalently, surface tilts ...
van der Willigen Robert F - - 2010
The perception of shape-from-stereo is best characterized by the spatial disparity-contrast sensitivity function (DSF). This is the stereo analogue of the well-known luminance-contrast sensitivity function (CSF). In principle, the DSF and CSF portray a visual system's ability to detect spatial modulation as specified by changes in binocular disparity and luminance, ...
Farell Bart - - 2010
Horizontal binocular disparity has long been the conventional predictor of stereo depth. Surprisingly, an alternative predictor fairs just as well. This alternative predicts the relative depth of two stimuli from the relation between their disparity vectors, without regard to horizontal disparities. These predictions can differ; horizontal disparities accurately predict the ...
Tsirlin Inna - - 2010
Unrestricted positioning of elements in random-dot stereograms with steep disparity gradients, such as stereo-transparent stereograms depicting overlaid surfaces, can produce perceptual artifacts similar to disparity noise. It is shown that these artifacts hinder the segregation of overlaid surfaces in transparent random-dot stereograms and thus disrupt the perception of stereotransparency. This ...
Nefs Harold T - - 2010
There are two ways to detect a displacement in stereoscopic depth, namely by monitoring the change in disparity over time (CDOT) or by monitoring the interocular velocity difference (IOVD). Though previous studies have attempted to understand which cue is most significant for the visual system, none has designed stimuli that ...
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