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Cañal-Bruland R R a MOVE Research Institute Amsterdam, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences , VU University Amsterdam , the - - 2014
ABSTRACT This is the first study to show that when baseball batters fail to hit change-ups it is because they sit on a fastball. Sitting on a fastball refers to a strategy of baseball batters to always expect a fastball (a fast type of pitch), because expecting slower balls would ...
Lenk Claudia C Institut für Chemie und Biotechnik, Technische Universität Ilmenau, 98684 Ilmenau, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia of the heart in industrialized countries. Its generation and the transitory behavior of paroxysmal AF are still not well understood. In this work we examine the interaction of two activation sources via an isthmus as possible cause for the initiation of fibrillation ...
Ross Alex A Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, School of Sport and Recreation, Auckland University of Technology, New - - 2014
This study compares the running demands and match activity profiles of international and provincial rugby sevens players. 84 rugby sevens players, consisting of 16 international players from the same team and 68 provincial players from 8 teams participated in this study. Global positioning system analysis was completed during international and ...
Naito Kozo K Department of Sports Sciences, Japan Institute of Sports Sciences, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The shoulder internal rotation (IR) and forearm pronation (PR) are important elements for baseball pitching, however, how rapid rotations of IR and PR are produced by muscular torques and inter-segmental forces is not clear. The aim of this study is to clarify how IR and PR angular velocities are maximized, ...
Hiraoka Koichi K School of Health and Human Services, Osaka Prefecture University, Habikino city, Osaka, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the asymmetry of anticipatory postural adjustment (APA) during gait initiation and to determine whether the process of choosing the initial swing leg affects APA during gait initiation. The participants initiated gait with the leg indicated by a start tone or initiated gait ...
Killeen Peter R PR Arizona State - - 2014
The reinforcers that maintain target instrumental responses also reinforce other responses that compete with them for expression. This competition, and its imbalance at points of transition between different schedules of reinforcement, causes behavioral contrast. The imbalance is caused by differences in the rates at which different responses come under the ...
Guimarães T T University of São Paulo, School of Dentistry, Biomaterials and Oral Biochemistry Department, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To evaluate conversion, bulk mechanical properties and camphorquinone (CQ) consumption in methacrylate resins, comprising a range of overall initiator concentrations and CQ/amine ratios. BisGMA (Bisphenol-A glycidyl dimethacrylate), TEGDMA (triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate) and UDMA (urethane dimethacrylate) were mixed at a 1:1:1 molar ratio. CQ was used as the visible light photosensitizer, in ...
Gorka Alexander - - 2014
The development of photocaging groups activated by near-IR light would enable new approaches for basic research and allow for spatial and temporal control of drug delivery. Here we report a near-IR light-initiated uncaging reaction sequence based on readily synthesized C4'-dialkylamine-substituted heptamethine cyanines. Phenol-containing small molecules are uncaged through sequential release ...
Sadeghifar Amirreza A Amirreza Sadeghifar MD, Shahab Ilka MD, Kerman Medical University, Kerman, - - 2014
The glenohumeral joint becomes dislocated more than any other major joint because it maintains a wide range of motion and its stability is inherently weak. The most common complication following acute initial shoulder dislocation is recurrent dislocation or chronic instability. Imbalance of strength and range of motion in individuals with ...
Byrnes Greg G Department of Biology, Siena College, 515 Loudon Road, Loudonville, NY 12211, USA - - 2014
On the steep surfaces that are common in arboreal environments, many types of animals without claws or adhesive structures must use muscular force to generate sufficient normal force to prevent slipping and climb successfully. Unlike many limbed arboreal animals that have discrete gripping regions on the feet, the elongate bodies ...
Friedmann Daniel P DP Westlake Dermatology Clinical Research Center, Westlake Dermatology & Cosmetic Surgery, Austin, TX, - - 2014
Facial aging is a gradual process that involves a complex interaction of multiple factors including cutaneous photodamage and laxity, subcutaneous tissue volume loss, and bony resorption. These features have all been show to significantly improve with intense pulsed light (IPL), microfocused ultrasound (MFUS, Ultherapy), and poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA). To review ...
Bonnechere Bruno B Laboratory of Anatomy, Biomechanics and Organogenesis [CP 619] , Lennik Street 808, 1070 Brussels - - - 2014
The main objective of this study was to perform a biomechanical analysis of three different sprint start patterns to determine the safest position in term of neck injury and Sport-Related Concussion (SRC). The second objective was to collect data on the learning process effect between football players and non-players. Three ...
Bianchi Piccinini Giulio Francesco GF ISEC UNIVERSITAS, Alameda das Linhas de Torres 179, 1750-142 Lisboa, Portugal; Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias s/n, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Adaptive Cruise Control is an Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) that allows maintaining given headway and speed, according to settings pre-defined by the users. Despite the potential benefits associated to the utilization of ACC, previous studies warned against negative behavioral adaptations that might occur while driving with the system ...
De Pauw Ellen E Transportation Research Institute, Hasselt University, Wetenschapspark 5, BE-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study evaluates the traffic safety effect of combined speed and red light cameras at 253 signalized intersections in Flanders, Belgium that were installed between 2002 and 2007. The adopted approach is a before-and-after study with control for the trend. The analyses showed a non-significant increase of 5% in ...
Kay Jonathan J JJ Wayne State University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 5050 Anthony Wayne Drive, Detroit, MI 48202, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The interaction of motorists and bicyclists, particularly during passing maneuvers, is an area of concern to the bicycle safety community as there is a general perception that motor vehicle drivers may not share the road effectively with bicyclists. This is a particular concern on road sections with centerline rumble strips ...
Yoshimitsu Kitaro K Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, SPL L1-050 ASB1, Boston, MA, USA, - - 2014
   Robotic catheters have been proposed to increase the efficacy and safety of the radio-frequency ablation treatment. The robotized motion of current robotic catheters mimics the motion of manual ones-namely, deflection in one direction and rotation around the catheter. With the expectation that the higher dexterity may achieve further efficacy and ...
Schabrun Siobhan M SM The University of Queensland, School of Health and Rehabilitation Science and National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Centre of Clinical Research Excellence in Spinal Pain, Injury and Health, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
There are concerns about the safety of texting while walking. Although evidence of negative effects of mobile phone use on gait is scarce, cognitive distraction, altered mechanical demands, and the reduced visual field associated with texting are likely to have an impact. In 26 healthy individuals we examined the effect ...
Crabb Matthew M Department of Ophthalmology, Flinders Medical Centre, University of Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
The popularity of intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy continues to increase due to its relative safety, high skin coverage rate and ability to treat both vascular and pigmented lesions. An often-overlooked risk is the potential for IPL-induced ocular damage. The damage sustained can cause significant, persistent morbidity and can occur ...
Cicchino Jessica B JB a Insurance Institute for Highway Safety , Arlington , - - 2014
Objective: Pedestrians represent more than one third of all traffic deaths in Washington, D.C. The District plans to expand its long-standing automated traffic enforcement program in 2013 from speed and red light cameras to cameras to enforce pedestrian right-of-way laws at crosswalks and stop sign laws. This study collected information ...
Ito Tsukasa - - 2013
Mastoidectomy using an ultrasonic bone curette (UBC) is as safe for the inner ear as a mastoidectomy using a high-speed drill. Transcanal endoscopic ear surgery (TEES) is a minimally invasive, secure, and functional technique, which has been performed using high-speed drills. We have started to use a UBC instead of ...
Wilkins Luke - - 2013
Purpose: A driving simulator was used to examine the relationship between motion perception and driving performance. Although motion perception test scores have been shown to be related to driving safety, it is not clear which combination of tests are the best predictors and whether motion perception training can improve driving ...
Vaillancourt Véronique - - 2013
A technology of backup alarms based on the use of a broadband signal has recently gained popularity in many countries. In this study, the performance of this broadband technology is compared to that of a conventional tonal alarm and a multi-tone alarm from a worker-safety standpoint. Field measurements of sound ...
Woitsch Gernot - - 2013
Combination of active and passive safety systems is a future key to further improvement in vehicle safety. Autonomous braking systems are able to reduce collision speeds, and therefore severity levels significantly. Passengers change their position due to pre-impact vehicle motion, a fact, which has not yet been considered in common ...
Vanlaar Ward - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of Winnipeg's photo enforcement safety program on speeding, i.e., "speed on green", and red-light running behavior at intersections as well as on crashes resulting from these behaviors. ARIMA time series analyses regarding crashes related to red-light running (right-angle crashes and ...
Dianat Iman - - 2013
A field study was conducted to evaluate the illumination levels, to examine the effect of lighting conditions (including lighting characteristics and disturbances) on employee satisfaction, job performance, safety and health, and to compare the employees' perception of lighting level with actual illuminance levels in a hospital setting using both questionnaire ...
Fay Jonathan P JP EarLens Corporation, Redwood City, California 94063, - - 2013
To assess the safety, stability, and performance of the broad-spectrum, light-based contact hearing device (CHD) on listeners with hearing impairment. Feasibility study. Single-site research and development facility. Thirteen participants with symmetric mild-to-severe sensorineural hearing impairment had the CHD placed bilaterally. A custom-molded light-activated tympanic contact actuator (TCA) was placed into ...
Ooi Melvyn B - - 2013
A novel prospective motion correction technique for brain MRI is presented that uses miniature wireless radio-frequency coils, or "wireless markers," for position tracking. Each marker is free of traditional cable connections to the scanner. Instead, its signal is wirelessly linked to the MR receiver via inductive coupling with the head ...
Nagata Tatsuo - - 2013
Convex mirrors are universally used as rear-view mirrors in automobiles. However, the ocular accommodative responses during the use of these mirrors have not yet been examined. This study investigated the effects of a convex mirror on the ocular accommodative systems. Seven young adults with normal visual functions were ordered to ...
Cocron Peter - - 2013
Previous research on the safety implications of quiet electric vehicles (EVs) has mostly focused on pedestrians' acoustic perception of EVs, and suggests that EVs are more difficult for pedestrians to hear and, therefore, compromise traffic safety. The two German field studies presented here examine the experiences of 70 drivers with ...
Saritas Emine - - 2013
For magnetic particle imaging (MPI), specific absorption rate (SAR) and more critically magnetostimulation (i.e., dB/dt) safety limits will determine the optimal scan parameters, such as the drive field strength and frequency. These parameters will impact the scanning speed, field-of-view (FOV) and signalto- noise ratio (SNR) in MPI. Understanding the potential ...
Drucker Christopher - - 2013
Motor vehicle crashes involving civilian and emergency vehicles (EVs) have been a known problem that contributes to fatal and nonfatal injuries; however, characteristics associated with civilian drivers have not been examined adequately. This study used data from The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the National ...
Ambrogi Valeria - - 2013
Octyl methoxycinnamate (OMC) is a widely used UV filter characterized by good absorbing properties; however, it shows light susceptibility (photoinstability) and potential skin permeation. This paper describes the application of a new particulate carrier to improve OMC safety and photostability. The UV filter was included into the pores of the ...
Schmidt-Daffy Martin - - 2013
Motivational models of driving behaviour agree that choice of speed is modulated by drivers' goals. Whilst it is accepted that some goals favour fast driving and others favour safe driving, little is known about the interplay of these conflicting goals. In the present study, two aspects of this interplay are ...
Bullough John D - - 2013
A two-pronged effort to quantify the impact of lighting on traffic safety is presented. In the statistical approach, the effects of lighting on crash frequency for different intersection types in Minnesota were assessed using count regression models. The models included many geometric and traffic control variables to estimate the association ...
Zhang Yiqi - - 2013
Bicycles held an important position in transportation of China and other developing countries. As accidents rate involving electronic and regular bicycles is increasing, the severity of the bicycle safety problem should be paid more attention to. The current research explored the effect of sunshields (a kind of affordable traffic facility ...
Johnson Louise - - 2013
Large changes in spectacle prescription can increase falls risk in older people. We investigated the effect of induced astigmatism (a common cause of distorted or blurred vision in older people) on locomotor stepping patterns to determine whether the orientation of astigmatic changes could have differential effects on gait safety when ...
Glinka Michal N - - 2012
'Safety floors' (also known as 'compliant floors') may reduce the risk of fall-related injuries by attenuating impact force during falls, but are only practical if they do not negatively affect balance and mobility. In this study, we evaluated seven safety surfaces based on their ability to attenuate peak femoral neck ...
Savage C O - - 2012
Retinal implants offer prospects of vision restoration for some blind patients by eliciting visual percepts of spots of light called 'phosphenes'. Recently, a mathematical model has been developed that predicts patients' perception of phosphene brightness for current-driven electrical stimulation of the retina. This model is explored for different stimulation parameters ...
Mendonça C - - 2012
Road traffic sounds are a major source of noise pollution in urban areas. But recent developments such as low noise pavements and hybrid/electric engine vehicles cast an optimistic outlook over such an environmental problem. However, it can be argued that engine, tire, and road noise could be relevant sources of ...
Cottrell Nicholas D - - 2012
Electrically based vehicles have produced some concern over their lack of sound, but the impact of artificial sounds now being implemented have not been examined in respect to their effects upon the driver. The impact of two different implementations of vehicle sound on driver stress in electric vehicles was examined. ...
Ashelin Chuck - - 2012
High noise levels in the workplace are a significant health hazard to employees. Dealing with high noise levels can be a difficult and expensive undertaking, but it is also necessary. Insulated curtain walls represent a cost-effective and flexible alternative to classic methods used for noise abatement and bring their own ...
Mattos D J S - - 2012
Eight subjects with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) (47.13 ± 7.83 years) and 8 matched controls (46.29 ± 7.27 years) manipulated a test object fitted with an accelerometer and force sensor, both before and after hand muscle fatigue. Grip force and object acceleration were recorded and used to calculate grip force ...
Lacherez Philippe - - 2012
Purpose:  To examine the basis of previous findings of an association between indices of driving safety and visual motion sensitivity and to examine whether this association could be explained by low-level changes in visual function. Methods:  A total of 36 visually normal participants (aged 19-80 years) completed a battery of standard ...
Junckes da Silva Mattos Daniela - - 2012
Eight subjects with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) (47.13 ± 7.83 years) and 8 matched controls (46.29 ± 7.27 years) manipulated a test object fitted with an accelerometer and force sensor, both before and after hand muscle fatigue. Grip force and object acceleration were recorded and used to calculate grip force ...
McCusker Neil - - 2012
Light curing has become increasingly popular for orthodontic bonding, partly as a result of improvements in light-curing unit technology and higher light intensities. The aim of this study was to determine orthodontists' knowledge of dental light-curing units, their safety aspects, and the possible effects on color perception. Questionnaires were administered ...
Hammond David S DS School of Optometry, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-2020, - - 2012
An earlier report describing a lack of compensation to imposed myopic and hyperopic defocus in chicks reared in UV lighting has led to the belief that the spatial resolving power of the UV cone photoreceptor network in chicks is not capable of decoding optical defocus. However this study used dim ...
Sullivan John M - - 2012
The influence of amendments to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 108, requiring conspicuity treatments on heavy tractors and trailers, was determined in analyses of the odds of fatal collisions in darkness. Comparisons were made between crashes in which conspicuity treatment was likely relevant, and those in which it was ...
Hemphälä H - - 2012
This study was performed between 2004 and 2011 at mail sorting facilities in Sweden. During this time, different interventions were performed. The first was a lighting intervention that had a positive impact on the postal workers, especially those with eyestrain. A new lighting system also improved the illuminance and gave ...
Teschke Kay - - 2012
The aim of this study was to estimate use of helmets, lights, and visible clothing among cyclists and to examine trip and personal characteristics associated with their use. Using data from a study of transportation infrastructure and injuries to 690 adult cyclists in Toronto and Vancouver, Canada, we examined the ...
Cain Rita Marie - - 2012
This paper explains the processes for getting greens to market, and the safety issues they pose. The analysis explains marketing by large handlers of greens compared to smaller, local and organic producers. Part II analyzes the governmental safety net for leafy greens under the FDA's authority, juxtaposed against the USDA's ...
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