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- - 3012
Each year at the annual meeting of The American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG), addresses are given in honor of the Society and a number of award winners. A summary of each of these addresses is given below. On the following pages, we have printed the Presidential Address and the ...
Christen Markus M University of Zurich, University Research Priority Program Ethics, Zollikerstrasse 117, 8008, Zürich, Switzerland, - - 2014
Understanding how the "brain produces behavior" is a guiding idea in neuroscience. It is thus of no surprise that establishing an interrelation between brain pathology and antisocial behavior has a long history in brain research. However, interrelating the brain with moral agency-the ability to act in reference to right and ...
Badenhorst Clio C Care home in St Ives, - - 2014
Ethics is a complex and important subject, whether in relation to minor everyday nursing decisions or philosophical dilemmas such as the Assisted Dying Bill.
Coughlan Mick M Royal Marsden - - 2014
I have always been very proud of the NHS and, having recently served as a juror, I am now as proud of our legal system. The experience raised my awareness of the responsibility of jurors and the complexity of the legal process.
Fearon Pasco P Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, - - 2014
We were delighted to learn that Michael Rutter had written a commentary (Rutter, 2014) on our article (Fearon, Shmueli-Goetz, Viding, Fonagy, & Plomin, 2014).
Novitzky Peter P Institute of Ethics, Dublin City University, Henry Grattan Building, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Ireland, - - 2014
Ambient assisted living (AAL) technologies can provide assistance and support to persons with dementia. They might allow them the possibility of living at home for longer whilst maintaining their comfort and security as well as offering a way towards reducing the huge economic and personal costs forecast as the incidence ...
Capodaglio Paolo P Rehabilitation Unit, Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS, via Cadorna 90, Oggebbio, 28824, Piancavallo, VB, Italy, - - 2014
Severe obesity is a chronic disease associated with medical and psychosocial comorbidity causing disability and poor quality of life that represents a social and economic burden for the National Health Systems worldwide. The Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), the Italian Society of Obesity (SIO) and the Italian ...
Semo Judith Jurin JJ PLLC, 1800 M Street, Northwest, Suite 730 S, Washington, DC 20036, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article informs anesthesiologists of some of the legal issues they may encounter in connection with ambulatory surgical center-based or office-based practice. The primary legal issues that anesthesiologists face in connection with practice in such settings can be broken down into practice-related issues and ownership-related issues. Given the complexity of ...
Mela Mansfield M Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, - - 2014
Clinicians in sex offender treatment programs always encounter the need to balance the best interests of sex offenders and the safety needs of the community. The protection of the community often takes primacy, resulting in violation of traditional mental health codes of ethics. These ethical dilemmas have generated debates in ...
Freckelton Ian - - 2014
Decision-making about fitness to stand trial and the consequences of a finding of unfitness are fundamental to the integrity of any criminal justice system. They create thresholds for when mentally and physically unwell people are mandated to participate in criminal proceedings and they address the outcomes of such decisions for ...
Baertschi Bernard B Institute for Ethics, History, and the Humanities, University of Geneva, CMU 1, rue Michel-Servet 1211, Geneva 4, Switzerland, - - 2014
For some decades, the concept of human dignity has been widely discussed in bioethical literature. Some authors think that this concept is central to questions of respect for human beings, whereas others are very critical of it. It should be noted that, in these debates, dignity is one component of ...
Kaiser Matthias M Centre for the Study of the Sciences and the Humanities (SVT), University of Bergen, Allegaten 34, PO Box 7805, N - 5020 Bergen, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper presents some selected issues currently discussed about the integrity of science, and it argues that there exist serious challenges to integrity in the various sciences. Due to the involved conceptual complexities, even core definitions of scientific integrity have been disputed, and core cases of scientific misconduct influenced the ...
Pavlish Carol C School of Nursing, University of California, Los - - 2014
Purpose/Objectives: To explore ethical conflicts in oncology practice and the nature of healthcare contexts in which ethical conflicts can be averted or mitigated.Research Approach: Ethnography.Setting: Medical centers and community hospitals with inpatient and outpatient oncology units in southern California and Minnesota.Participants: 30 oncology nurses, 6 ethicists, 4 nurse administrators, and ...
Sousa Uva M M Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Hospital Cruz Vermelha, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Whenever several therapeutic options exist, multidisciplinary decision-making is beneficial for the patient and for society at large. The main obstacles to the establishment of heart teams in Portugal are organizational and logistical. Implementing a heart team approach entails definition of the situations requiring multidisciplinary discussion, creation of clear lines of ...
Van Cleave Alisa C AC 1Palliative Medicine Fellowship Program, Division of Gerontology, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. 2Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA. 3Primary Children's Medical Center, Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT. 4Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
To describe the quality of physician-family communication during interpreted and noninterpreted family meetings in the PICU. Prospective, exploratory, descriptive observational study of noninterpreted English family meetings and interpreted Spanish family meetings in the pediatric intensive care setting. A single, university-based, tertiary children's hospital. Participants in PICU family meetings, including medical ...
- - 2014
This narrative symposium was inspired by the American Medical Associations (AMA) decision to label obesity a disease. How do people who have been classified as obese feel this decision impacts on their lives? Personal narrative authors offer their experiences with obesity and healthcare. The symposium also hosts five commentary articles ...
Paulson Steve - - 2013
What is the origin and nature of consciousness? If consciousness is common to humans and animals alike, what are the defining traits of human consciousness? Moderated by Steve Paulson, executive producer and host of To the Best of Our Knowledge, Nobel laureate psychologist Daniel Kahneman, philosopher David Chalmers, expert in ...
Abzhanov Arhat - - 2013
In 1828, Karl Ernst von Baer formulated a series of empirically defined rules, which became widely known as the 'Law of Development' or 'von Baer's law of embryology'. This was one the most significant attempts to define the principles that connected morphological complexity and embryonic development. Understanding this relation is ...
Chong Siow Ann - - 2013
Psychiatry is often fraught with uncertainties and complex situations which give rise to particular ethical issues. However, there is still a dearth in formal training in psychiatric ethics. In this perspective by a clinician, researcher and bioethicist, a case is made for a special status in medical ethics and the ...
Ramakrishnan Sivasubramanian - - 2013
The National interventional council of Cardiological Society of India has conventionally been presenting the data on various forms of cardiac interventions performed in the previous year at its annual meeting. Here we are reporting the data on coronary interventions done in India during the year 2011.
Ukachi Nnenna - - 2013
Two of the most ethically complex situations in pediatrics are those involving families whose religious beliefs preclude the provision of life-sustaining treatment and those involving young adults who have reached the age of legal majority and who face decisions about life-sustaining treatment. This month's "Ethics Rounds" presents a case in ...
Delany Clare - - 2013
Abstract Background: Sharing information and decisions with children and their parents is critical in pediatric rehabilitation. Although the ethical significance and clinical benefits of sharing decisions are established, approaches for implementing shared decision-making in clinical practice are still developing. Aim: To explore the ethical challenges of sharing information and decisions ...
Davies Kerry J KJ Imperial College London, London, UK. - - 2013
The annual rate of ipsilateral stroke associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis has fallen from 2-4% to <1% in the last 20 years due to improvements in medical therapy. The fundamental benefits of this are relevant to whether patients undergo revascularisation or not. We aimed to evaluate existing international guidelines for ...
Venter Francois - - 2013
The last few years have seen dramatic progress in the development of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). These developments have been met by ethical concerns. HIV interventions are often thought to be ethically difficult. In a context which includes disagreements over human rights, controversies over testing policies, and questions about sexual ...
Zilbersheid Uri - - 2013
In Freud' theories of human development, human nature is described and analyzed as essentially historical. At the core of human history is the restructuring of the sexual instinct and the death instinct (or its unique form as destructive impulses). The conscious, asked-for shaping of these two instincts, under the rule ...
Bingham Paul M - - 2013
This Special Issue of Evolutionary Anthropology grew out of a symposium at the 2012 Society for American Archaeology (SAA) meeting in Memphis, Tennessee (April 18-22). The goal of the symposium was to explore what we will argue is one of the most important and promising opportunities in the global archeological ...
Curtis Anne B - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common and complex cardiac arrhythmias. Using currently available evidence, leading medical societies have established recommendations for the optimal management of atrial fibrillation. These guidelines have recently been updated by 4 consensus groups: the European Society of Cardiology, the American College of Chest Physicians, ...
Nelson Erin - - 2013
International surrogacy is an increasingly common phenomenon and an important global health challenge. Legal rules are a key consideration for the participants in international surrogacy arrangements. In some cases the law can help to resolve the complex issues that arise in this context, but it is important to consider the ...
Badzek Laurie - - 2013
Purpose: The rapid continuous feed of new information from scientific discoveries related to the human genome makes translation and incorporation of information into the clinical setting difficult and creates ethical, legal, and social challenges for providers. This article overviews some of the legal and ethical foundations that guide our response ...
Bruce Courtenay R - - 2013
This article reviews some of the complex ethical issues that accompany the diffusion of ventricular assist devices (VADs) for heart failure patients, with a particular emphasis on issues unique to older adults. In doing so, the ethical issues are centered on three decision points: (a) patient selection; (b) informed consent ...
McCormack Pauline - - 2013
Drug trials in children engage with many ethical issues, from drug-related safety concerns to communication with patients and parents, and recruitment and informed consent procedures. This paper addresses the field of neuromuscular disorders where the possibility of genetic, mutation-specific treatments, has added new complexity. Not only must trial design address ...
Suter Sonia M - - 2013
The politics of reproduction dominate the political landscape now more than ever. One area of controversy has been informed consent statutes for abortion, which have been praised by the pro-life movement but derided by the pro-choice movement. More recently, legislatures have begun to enact informed consent statutes with respect to ...
Hayes B - - 2013
Decisions to withhold cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for future cardiac arrest continue to be problematic, with a lack of consistency in how doctors approach this decision. To develop a clinical model that can be used in education to improve consistency in CPR decision-making. A qualitative study, using semistructured interviews with a ...
Raju M S V K MS Department of Psychiatry, Peoples College of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Bhopal - 462 037, - - 2013
Practice of psychiatry is a complex activity because the psychiatrist generally practises his art in an emotionally charged environment with patients who may not be in a in a state of mind to exercise autonomy as a result of cognitive impairment and preoccupation with symptoms. No one principle of ethics ...
Dabdoub Carlos F CF Division of Neurosurgery, Japanese University Hospital, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, - - 2013
The practice of neurosurgery in Bolivia began thousands of years ago with skull trepanation. This procedure dates from the earliest period of the Tiwanaku culture, a preInca civilization. Neurosurgical development in Bolivia has its origins in the late 19(th) century and can be divided in two stages. At the beginning, ...
Landsberg Lewis - - 2012
In light of the worldwide epidemic of obesity, and in recognition of hypertension as a major factor in the cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated with obesity, The Obesity Society and The American Society of Hypertension agreed to jointly sponsor a position paper on obesity-related hypertension to be published jointly in ...
Landsberg Lewis - - 2013
In light of the worldwide epidemic of obesity, and in recognition of hypertension as a major factor in the cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated with obesity, The Obesity Society and the American Society of Hypertension agreed to jointly sponsor a position paper on obesity-related hypertension to be published jointly in ...
Linthicum Kenneth J - - 2012
Mosquitoes in the Culex pipiens Complex, including Culex pipiens, Cx. quinquefasciatus, and Cx. molestus, are important pest species and vectors of human and animal diseases throughout the world's tropical, temperate, and Holarctic regions. Diseases transmitted by member of the Pipiens Complex include: St. Louis encephalitis and West Nile virus in ...
Linthicum Kenneth J - - 2012
A symposium on the mosquitoes in the Culex pipiens Complex (Pipiens Complex), including Cx. pipiens, Cx. quinquefasciatus, and Cx. molestus, invited 17 of the world's experts on this species Complex to explore the current state of knowledge on the systematic status, speciation, ecology, biology, vector competence, population genetics, endosymbionts, and ...
Joffe Carole - - 2012
The field of abortion counseling originated in the abortion rights movement of the 1970s. During its evolution to the present day, it has faced significant challenges, primarily arising from the increasing politicization and stigmatization of abortion since legalization. Abortion counseling has been affected not only by the imposition of anti-abortion ...
Vishneuskaya Yuliya A YA Ethics Documentation Centre, International Sakharov Environmental University, Dolgobrodskaya Str., 23-215, 220070 Minsk, Belarus. - - 2012
The main trends of the bioethics development in Belarus have been analyzed on the basis of the materials collected by the Ethics Documentation Center (ISEU, Minsk, Belarus). A critical review of the most important publications in the field since 2000 suggests that development of bioethics in Belarus has occurred in ...
Henry Stuart - - 2012
Scientific developments take place in a socio-political context but scientists often ignore the ways their innovations will be both interpreted by the media and used by policy makers. In the rush to neuroscientific discovery important questions are overlooked, such as the ways: (1) the brain, environment and behavior are related; ...
Moosa Ebrahim - - 2012
Muslim ethics is cautiously engaging developments in neuroscience. In their encounters with developments in neuroscience such as brain death and functional magnetic resonance imaging procedures, Muslim ethicists might be on the cusp of spirited debates. Science and religion perform different kinds of work and ought not to be conflated. Cultural ...
Smith Steven R - - 2012
The insanity defense presents many difficult questions for the legal system. It attracts attention beyond its practical significance (it is seldom used successfully) because it goes to the heart of the concept of legal responsibility. "Not guilty by reason of insanity" generally requires that as a result of mental illness ...
Simón-Lorda Pablo - - 2012
The debate on euthanasia in Spain has been ongoing from the beginning of the 20th century and remains extant. Three periods can be identified: prior to 1978, 1978-2002, and after 2002. The debate increased significantly after the Ramon Sampedro case (1995-1998), and was fuelled with new, although very different cases, ...
- - 2012
Cover: The nuclear envelope. Please see article by Walters et al., pages 2813-2821, this issue.
Davidson Lance A - - 2012
The tenth annual RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology symposium 'Quantitative Developmental Biology' held in March 2012 covered a range of topics from coat colour patterning to the mechanics of morphogenesis. The studies presented shared a common theme in which a combination of physical theory, quantitative analysis and experiment was used ...
Phelan Mary - - 2012
In 2011, the Danish government announced that from June that year it would no longer cover the costs of medical interpreters for patients who had been living in Denmark for more than seven years. The Dutch Ministry of Health followed with an even more draconian approach; from 1 January 2012, ...
Padela Aasim I - - 2012
Islamic ethico-legal assessments of brain death are varied and controversial. Some Islamic ethico-legal bodies have concluded that brain death is equivalent to cardiopulmonary death; others regard it as an intermediate state between life and death, and a few opine that it does not meet the standards for legal death according ...
Reichert Janice M - - 2012
The Fall/Winter 2012 conference season provides ample opportunities to attend meetings that feature topics relevant to antibody research and development (R&D). Meetings such as these serve critical informational and educational functions and are key networking opportunities. Locations are spread throughout the world, reflecting the global nature of antibody R&D.
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