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Results 351 - 400 of 528
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Tennison Michael N - - 2012
National security organizations in the United States, including the armed services and the intelligence community, have developed a close relationship with the scientific establishment. The latest technology often fuels warfighting and counter-intelligence capacities, providing the tactical advantages thought necessary to maintain geopolitical dominance and national security. Neuroscience has emerged as ...
Karagiannis I - - 2012
In spring 2008, the Hellenic Center for Disease Control and Prevention was notified about human brucellosis cases in Thassos, a Greek island that had been up to that point under a brucellosis eradication programme. Following the verification of the outbreak a 1:1 case– control study was conducted in the island. ...
Villar Diego D Cancer Research UK, Cambridge Research Institute, Li Ka Shing Centre, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB2 0RE, UK. - - 2012
A report on the meeting 'Functional Genomics and Systems Biology 2011', Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, UK, 29 November to 1 December, 2011.
Léo Neto Nivaldo A - - 2012
Human societies utilize mollusks for myriad material and spiritual ends. An example of their use in a religious context is found in Brazil's African-derived belief systems. Candomblé, an Afro-Brazilian religion introduced during the 18th-19th centuries by enslaved Yoruba, includes various magical and liturgical uses of mollusks. This work inventoried the ...
Justman Stewart - - 2012
Abstract:The principle of avoiding harm, though still cited here and there in the literature, is regarded by many as a bit of antiquarianism with no relevance to actual medical practice and decision-making. But while treatment necessarily entails trading off risks against benefits, it is not so easy to defend harm ...
Mazzarello Paolo P Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Pavia, Italy. - - 2012
In September 1961, the First International Congress of Electromyography (EMG) was held at the University of Pavia. This event proved to be a sort of foundation stone for the further development of EMG as an organized field. Many of the most distinguished clinical neurophysiologists attended this congress and took an ...
Blau Gary - - 2012
In the fall, 2010, a phone survey of 928 respondents examined two research questions: does the general public perceive Emergency Medical Services (EMS) as meeting their community needs? And what factors or correlates help to explain EMS meeting community needs? To maximize geographical representation across the contiguous United States, a ...
Heinzelmann Elsbeth - - 2012
This year's Olten Meeting – the annual get-together of the biotech experts from the Universities of Applied Sciences, Empa, the Swiss Biotech Association and industry – was held on November 23, 2011 under the motto Personalized Medicine and Cleantech by Biotech. Speakers from academia and the business world gave an ...
Howe Edmund G - - 2012
In this issue of JCE, Baum-Baicker and Sisti present senior psychoanalysts' views of wisdom. Although views on wisdom differ widely, there is agreement that when ethical conflicts arise, wisdom may be critical in bringing about an optimal result. Here I will present recent empirical findings on wisdom and the ways ...
Watson Clarence - - 2012
The capital trial, by its nature, is fraught with emotionally disturbing elements that jurors must face when deciding the ultimate fate of a guilty defendant. A confluence of mitigating and aggravating factors influences a capital jury's decision to impose a sentence of death. The presence or absence of defendant remorse ...
Louis-Dit-Sully Christine - - 2012
In the 21st century, systems-wide analyses of biological processes are getting more and more realistic. Especially for the in depth analysis of signal transduction pathways and networks, various approaches of systems biology are now successfully used. The EU FP7 large integrated project SYBILLA (Systems Biology of T-cell Activation in Health ...
Nascimento N - - 2012
The first sentence of the Abstract should follow the word "Abstract." on the same line. The abstract should be clear, descriptive, self-explanatory and no longer than 200 words. It should also be suitable for publication in abstracting services. Do not include references or formulae in the abstract.
Byrum Christine A - - 2012
This paper is a short report on the 2012 Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting. Charleston, South Carolina, USA. 3-7 January 2012 (abstracts freely available at http://www.sicb.org/meetings/2012/).
Welkers Matthijs Ra - - 2012
The XIIth International Symposium on Respiratory Viral Infections was convened by The Macrae Group (New York, NY, USA) in Taipei, Taiwan on 11-14 March 2010. This annual symposium provides a forum to discuss recent advances in respiratory virus research in an interdisciplinary fashion with specialists ranging from basic virology, epidemiology, ...
Grabska-BarwiƄska Agnieszka - - 2012
The 9th annual Computational and Systems Neuroscience meeting (Cosyne) was held 23-26 February in Salt Lake City, Utah. Cosyne meeting is the forum for exchange of experimental and theoretical/computational approaches to studying systems neuroscience.
Spike Jeffrey R - - 2012
Surgical ethics is a well-recognized field in clinical ethics, distinct from medical ethics. It includes at least a dozen important issues common to surgery that do not exist in internal medicine simply because of the differences in their practices. But until now there has been a tendency to include ethical ...
Hoefnagel J - - 2012
We report an unusual outbreak of norovirus infection on a coach trip. Overall, 30 of 40 people (including drivers and crew) developed nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhoea, 11 of them on the first day of the trip. The incidence epidemic curve showed a first peak on Day 1 and a second ...
Komen John J Program for Biosafety Systems, International Food Policy Research Institute, Haarlem, The Netherlands. - - 2012
Debate about the potential risks of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) to the environment or human health spurred attention to biosafety. Biosafety is associated with the safe use of GMOs and, more generally, with the introduction of non-indigenous species into natural or managed ecosystems. Biosafety regulation--the policies and procedures adopted to ...
Massey Douglas S - - 2012
Immigration reforms in the United States initiated in the 1960s are widely thought to have opened the door to mass immigration from Asia and Latin America by eliminating past discriminatory policies. While this may be true for Asians, it is not the case for Latin Americans, who faced more restrictions ...
Rodeiro Idania - - 2012
Abstract Meeting report of the "Second Symposium on Pharmacology of Cytochrome P450 and Transporters" organized by the Cuban Society of Pharmacology in collaboration with the European Society of Pharmacogenetics and Theranostics (ESPT) and the Ibero-American Network of Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics (www.ribef.com). The Symposium covered different topics on pharmacogenetics and its ...
Page Katie - - 2012
The four principles of Beauchamp and Childress--autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence and justice--have been extremely influential in the field of medical ethics, and are fundamental for understanding the current approach to ethical assessment in health care. This study tests whether these principles can be quantitatively measured on an individual level, and then ...
Murtagh M J - - 2012
Contemporary bioscience is seeing the emergence of a new data economy: with data as its fundamental unit of exchange. While sharing data within this new 'economy' provides many potential advantages, the sharing of individual data raises important social and ethical concerns. We examine ongoing development of one technology, DataSHIELD, which ...
Agaku Israel - - 2012
Major strides towards national tobacco control have been made since Nigeria became signatory to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in June 2004. The Nigerian senate passed a bill on March 15, 2011 which is expected to be signed into law shortly, to regulate and control production, manufacture, ...
Naef Olivier - - 2012
This short paper presents the abstracts of the different presentations during 10. Freiburger Symposium 2011 der SCG-Division Industrielle Chemie: Technology Progress, Success key for our production sites held Thursday and Friday, September 29 and 30, 2011 at the Ecole d'ingénieurs et d'architectes de Fribourg (Switzerland).
Baek Seung Ki - - 2012
How to distribute welfare in a society is a key issue in the subject of distributional justice, which is deeply involved with notions of fairness. Following a thought experiment by Dworkin, this work considers a society of individuals with different preferences on the welfare distribution and an official to mediate ...
Groszkruger Dan - - 2012
The US Supreme Court soon will decide a number of issues regarding the constitutionality of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act(1) (PPACA), pursuant to an order published on November 14, 2011. This article will identify four issues (Commerce Clause power, severability, Medicaid expansion, and Anti-Injunction Act) coming before the ...
Maciel Regina Heloisa - - 2012
The restructuring of production resulting from the Port Modernization Law (Law 8.630/90) caused significant changes in work organization of Brazilian Ports. In the case of Mucuripe (Fortaleza, Ceará), in particular, the changes were very intense as Mucuripe is an old port that, before the Law, had labor regulation being governed ...
Pepper Tom - - 2012
Drones enhance military capability and form a potent element of force protection, allowing humans to be removed from hazardous environments and tedious jobs. However, there are moral, legal, and political dangers associated with their use. Although a time may come when it is possible to develop a drone that is ...
Budowle Bruce - - 2012
Please see related article: http://www.investigativegenetics.com/content/3/1/2.
Shetty Yashashri C - - 2012
WHO-TDR and the Indian Council of Medical Research recommend site visits by institutional ethics committees (IECs) for continued oversight, to ensure the ethical conduct of research. Our IEC conducted seven site visits in 2008-2009 using a standardised format to monitor adherence to protocol and the informed consent process. The study ...
Mukherjee Shoibal - - 2012
Pressured by questions tabled in parliament that point to a lack of adequate enforcement of regulations, the DCG(I) has abruptly initiated action to ensure payment of compensation for trial-related injuries. While it is astounding that non-compliance to the existing regulations could have gone unnoticed by quality assurance staff as well ...
Heyd David - - 2012
Synthetic biology does not create any ethical dilemmas that have not already been raised in the development of practices such as genetic screening, genetic engineering, and other interventions in the evolutionary processes. The issue is, nevertheless, ethically serious. Two different angles are examined: the philosophical legitimacy of human intervention in ...
Cho Hee Yeon - - 2012
The need for evidence-based decision making in immunization programs has increased due to the presence of multiple health priorities, limited human resources, expensive vaccines, and limited funds. Countries should establish a group of national experts to advise their Ministries of Health. So far, many nations have formed their own National ...
Appel Jacob M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Preimplantation genetic diagnosis offers the possibility of screening and terminating embryos with severe and life-threatening disabilities. This article argues that under certain conditions, the use of this technology is not merely desirable as a means to reduce human suffering but also an ethically required duty of a parent to ...
Kirsch Brandon - - 2012
Awake brain surgery is useful for the treatment of a number of conditions such as epilepsy and brain tumor, as well as in functional neurosurgery. Several studies have been published regarding clinical results and outcomes of patients who have undergone awake craniotomy but few have dealt with related ethical issues. ...
Nakayama Masaaki - - 2012
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) guidelines for Japan were first published by the Japanese Society for Dialysis Treatment in 2009. They presented a concrete frame of PD practiced in Japan and stressed the timing of PD introduction as well as the clinical point of transfer to other modalities. The outlines of the ...
Bingham Sarah-Louise - - 2012
This article explores refusal of medical treatment by adult patients from ethical and legal perspectives. Initially, consequentialist and deontological ethical theory are outlined. The concepts of autonomy, paternalism and competence are described and an overview of Beauchamp and Childress's principle-based approach to moral reasoning is given. Relevant common law is ...
Bakal Chris - - 2012
A report of the Wellcome Trust Functional Genomics and Systems Biology Conference, Hinxton, UK, 29 November to 1 December 2011.
Church Christopher L - - 2012
Opportunities for practical, hospital-based training in those skills demanded by clinical ethics consultation (CEC) have been limited. Given the number of individuals who provide part-time CEC, greater access to condensed, practical training such as the clinical ethics immersion course offered by the Washington Hospital Center, is necessary. Two participants in ...
McGuigan C C - - 2012
A Tayside outbreak of psittacosis December 2011–February 2012 involved three confirmed and one probable cases. Confirmed cases were indistinguishable by sequencing of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products. The epidemiological pattern suggested person-to-person spread as illness onset dates were consistent with the incubation period and no single common exposure could explain ...
Blaeser Susan B - - 2012
American National Standards (ANSI Standards) developed by Accredited Standards Committees S1, S2, S3, and S12 in the areas of acoustics, mechanical vibration and shock, bioacoustics, and noise, respectively, are published by the Acoustical Society of America (ASA). In addition to these standards, ASA publishes catalogs of Acoustical Standards, both National ...
Scofield Giles R - - 2012
This commentary asks whether ongoing efforts to accredit, certify, and credential hospital ethics consultants are nothing other than an illegal restraint on trade masquerading as an effort to protect the public from harm.
Giraudeau Bruno - - 2012
The Nuremberg code defines the general ethical framework of medical research with participant consent as its cornerstone. In cluster randomized trials (CRT), obtaining participant informed consent raises logistic and methodologic concerns. First, with randomization of large clusters such as geographical areas, obtaining individual informed consent may be impossible. Second, participants ...
Nelson Craig - - 2012
As clinical ethicists and ethics committee members, we strive to create the ideal situation for moral conversation and ethical reflection. Using both the familiar foundation and the fuller sense, the ethicist and ethics committee are aided in participating more fruitfully in a process of resolution. The familiar foundation represents a ...
Morioka Yasuhiko - - 2012
Physicians have been required to possess high ethical standards, as medical practice is directly involved with patients' lives. Although ethics arise out of an individual's consciousness, ethical regulations imposed by the nation/government together with self-regulation by physician groups are important in the practice of ethics, for which reason countries around ...
Spike Jeffrey P - - 2012
How can one be trained to enter the evolving field of clinical ethics consultation? The classroom is not the proper place to teach clinical ethics consultation; it is best done in a clinical setting. The author maps the elements that might be included in an apprenticeship, and sets out propositions ...
Ranieri Diane - - 2012
Ethics spans all of the medical specialties and is constantly evolving as new medical technologies develop. As PAs become involved in Institutional Ethics Committees (IEC) and related settings, ethics instruction becomes an increasingly important component of their education. Students need the tools to face ethical dilemmas in order to provide ...
Lin Eric S - - 2012
The Jehovah's Witnesses, a religious group of 7 million people in more than 200 countries, teaches its followers to not accept blood, resulting in potentially challenging and ethical dilemmas for anesthesiologists. In recent years, Jehovah's Witnesses changed certain elements of their approach to blood transfusion practice, including accepting autologous transfusions ...
González Jorge Guerra - - 2012
Clinical trials in xenotransplantation (XTx) that have just started to fulfil a long delayed promise should certainly be performed under the same guarantees for the subjects involved as any other experimentation in human medicine. The most important is the absolute respect for their fundamental rights and freedoms, especially for their ...
Murthy Anjali M - - 2012
All physicians are faced at some time with fundamental challenges while striving to respect the principle canons which define a physician's ethical code. These canons are: 1. Primacy of patient interests, 2. Patient confidentiality, 3, Informed consent, and 4. Maintenance of a high standard of care. Athletes, because of their ...
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