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Results 301 - 350 of 528
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Signoli M - - 2012
Clin Microbiol Infect 2012; 18: 218-223 ABSTRACT: Drawing its etymology from the Latin pestis (curse), plague, over the centuries, has been more dreaded by humankind than any other epidemic. The Apocalypse had recognized plague as the archetypal divine curse, 'the power to kill over a fourth of the earth'. Plague ...
Rocha James - - 2012
Recently, we have seen various proposed laws that would require that women considering abortions be given ultrasounds along with explanations of these ultrasounds. Proponents of these laws could argue that they are assisting with autonomous abortion choices by providing needed information, especially about the ontological status of the fetus. Arguing ...
Kulenović Tarik - - 2012
Subject of this paper is muslim population in Croatia. Its unique position as community of muslim immigrants with indigenous European origin give us plenty of research opportunities. Long history of contacts between muslims and christians on Croatian-Bosnian border evolved in many ways and resulted with today's reality that muslims are ...
Elston Dirk - - 2012
There are numerous ethical dilemmas faced routinely by department chairmen. Herein, we attempt to describe the responsibilities of a chairperson and then discuss some exemplary ethical issues that they are often required to handle, including. (1) How should a chair deal with the potential undermining of established doctor-patient relationships when ...
Binet Jean-René - - 2012
The law of bioethics reveals frequent confusion in the definition and role devolved to the law and ethics. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate some of these confusions.
Haoulia Naima - - 2012
The successive bioethics laws in France have constantly argued that the human body is not for sale and consecrated an absolute principle of free and anonymous donations, whether of semen, ova, blood, tissues or organs. Nonetheless, this position is not shared by all countries. These legal divergences upset today our ...
Bray Rebecca Scott - - 2012
At the beginning of 2008, the United Kingdom Government rolled into the Counter-Terrorism Bill some controversial proposals to reform coronial inquest processes, namely clauses that would provide for "secret inquests". The provisions were heavily criticised both inside and outside Parliament, and took a rocky passage through both the House of ...
Ramm Olga - - 2012
To describe authors' trends in reporting conflicts of interest in their research at the 2010 Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urogynecologic Society. We extracted data regarding financial disclosures during oral presentations and compared the conflicts of interest disclosed during oral presentations with those enumerated in the published abstract. We ...
Scott Thomas R - - 2012
Advances in technology now make it possible to monitor the activity of the human brain in action, however crudely. As this emerging science continues to offer correlations between neural activity and mental functions, mind and brain may eventually prove to be one. If so, such a full comprehension of the ...
Singh Jagdish P - - 2012
This feature issue highlights the topics of the 2011 North American Symposium on Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (NASLIBS). These include LIBS application to Security and Forensic, Biomedical and Environmental, Liquid Analysis and Fundamentals of LIBS, Instrumentation/Commercialization, Fusion with LIBS, and New Frontiers.
Alfonso Fernando - - 2012
Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest (COIs) is used by biomedical journals to guarantee credibility and transparency of the scientific process. Conflict of interest disclosure, however, is not systematically nor consistently dealt with by journals. Recent joint editorial efforts paved the way towards the implementation of uniform vehicles for COI ...
Anderson Lynley - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Commercial surrogacy is prohibited in New Zealand by the Human Assisted Reproductive Technology Act (HART Act). However, altruistic clinic-assisted surrogacy is permitted. Couples wishing to attempt altruistic surrogacy must apply for approval to a statutorily appointed ethics committee. One of seven principles that underpin the HART Act stipulates that ...
Roth Kevin A - - 2012
This article introduces the AJP Centennial Project, which will highlight the contributions of The American Journal of Pathology in the 100 years since formation of the American Society for Investigative Pathology.
Dumonceau J-M - - 2012
Numerous scientific publications explore the field of gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy (a Pubmed search currently yields > 73000 results). Therefore, guidelines have become an indispensable tool for incorporating up-to-date knowledge into daily clinical care. Since the 1990 s, the issuing of guidelines has been a central task of the European Society of Gastrointestinal ...
Emmerich Nathan - - 2012
This paper considers the utility of Ethnomethodology (EM) for the study of healthcare ethics as part of the empirical turn in Bioethics. I give a brief introduction to EM through its respecification of sociology, the specific view on the social world this generates and EM's posture of 'indifference'. I then ...
Yegenoglu Selen - - 2012
Abstract Objective: In this follow-up study, we aimed to assess national and international pharmaceutical companies' Web sites using guidelines of The Association of Research-Based Pharmaceutical Companies (AIFD) and Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association of Turkey (IEIS) to define whether there has been progress since 2004. Materials and Methods: We used two national ...
Chang Yen-Chiang - - 2012
Based on the facts relating to the radioactive wastewater discharged by the Fukushima Nuclear Power Station in Japan, this paper intends to explore the international legal obligations for Japan from three perspectives, namely, the immediate notification, the prevention of transboundary harm and the prevention of dumping. Furthermore, this article defines ...
Schlairet Maura C - - 2012
Ethical issues arising in clinical practice are complex and clinicians must be able to manage the needs of ethically vulnerable patients and families. This paper describes a model for providing Clinical Ethics Support Services as a broad spectrum of care for management of conflict and ethically difficult situations in health ...
Johnson W Brad - - 2012
Psychologists are ethically obligated to ensure their own competence. When problems of professional competence occur, psychologists must take appropriate steps to regain competence while protecting those they serve. Yet conceptualizations of the competence obligation are thoroughly intertwined with Western ideals of individualism and a model of the person as self-contained, ...
Belling Catherine - - 2012
The humanities have, in their application to medicine, become almost synonymous with narrative. When medical education turned to 'reflection' as a means to nurture coherent and ethical professional identity, interventions tended to take narrative as their primary form. Even while promoting 'mindfulness' as complete engagement in the present moment, proponents ...
Badcott David - - 2012
There is no lack of criticisms frequently levelled against the international pharmaceutical industry (Big Pharma): excessive profits, dubious or even dishonest practices, exploiting the sick and selective use of research data. Neither is there a shortage of examples used to support such opinions. A recent book by Brody (Hooked: Ethics, ...
Maclean Alasdair - - 2012
In 1987, following a period of increasing judicial activity, Margaret Brazier published her insightful article on the legal regulation of consent: Patient autonomy and consent to treatment: the role of the law? In her article, she exposed the flaws in the law following the House of Lords case of Sidaway. ...
Vetro Annalisa - - 2012
Genome-wide arrays are rapidly replacing conventional karyotyping in postnatal cytogenetic diagnostics and there is a growing request for arrays in the prenatal setting. Several studies have documented 1-3% additional abnormal findings in prenatal diagnosis with arrays compared to conventional karyotyping. A recent meta-analysis demonstrated that 5.2% extra diagnoses can be ...
Horsey Kirsty - - 2012
In 1997, Margaret Brazier was asked by the then Government to chair a review of the laws regulating surrogacy. The subsequent Brazier Report made a number of recommendations, including the need for greater regulation and the tightening of 'expenses' payments. Fifteen years on, the limitations in the legal regulation of ...
Kukoč Mislav - - 2012
With regards to its origin, foundation and development, bioethics is a relatively new discipline, scientific and theoretical field, where different and even contradicting definition models and methodological patterns of its formation and application meet. In some philosophical orientations, bioethics is considered to be a sub-discipline of applied ethics as a ...
Ribot Jordi - - 2012
This paper examines the recent developments in underage abortion and related questions in Spanish law. Despite the prevalence of the language of autonomy, like in Britain, children's interests are not defined in Spain by relying exclusively on the competent child's views. Parental opinion and societal expectations are given due weight, ...
Theofanidis Dimitrios - - 2012
Abortion is a major issue in contemporary Greece as it is often practiced but not debated openly and accordingly. AIM: To present and discuss critically a real case scenario with strong ethical implications concerning abortion under two polar ethical doctrines, i.e. Utilitarianism and Deontologism. DISCUSSION: From a Deontological point of ...
Lovering Rob - - 2012
According to the theory of intrinsic value and moral standing called the 'substance view,' what makes it prima facie seriously wrong to kill adult human beings, human infants, and even human fetuses is the possession of the essential property of the basic capacity for rational moral agency - a capacity ...
Lyon Ho - - 2012
In this 12(th) issue of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC) under the heading of Regulatory affairs, the Biological Stain Commission's International Affairs Committee presents information from the meetings of ISO/TC 212/WG 1 Quality and competence in the medical laboratory and ISO/TC 212/WG 3 In vitro diagnostic products both ...
Asai Atsushi - - 2012
A placebo is a substance or intervention believed to be inactive, but is administered by the healthcare professional as if it was an active medication. Unlike standard treatments, clinical use of placebo usually involves deception and is therefore ethically problematic. Our attitudes toward the clinical use of placebo, which inevitably ...
Gadher Suresh Jivan - - 2012
Prague, also known as the 'City of a Hundred Spires', which is situated on the bank of River Vltava and is a historical Bohemian capital rich in history and beauty, set the stage for an exciting meeting that brought together high-caliber experts to share their knowledge as well as propagate ...
Sousa Marcos Roberto de - - 2012
This article summarizes the "1st Guidelines of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology on Processes and Skills for Education in Cardiology in Brazil," which can be found in full at: <http://publicacoes.cardiol.br/consenso/2011/diretriz-tec.asp>. The guideline establishes the education time required in Internal Medicine and Cardiology with Specialization through theoretical and practical training. These ...
Gröttrup Bernd - - 2012
The HUPO Brain Proteome Project (HUPO BPP) held its 16th workshop in Geneva, Switzerland, on September 5, 2011 during the 10th HUPO World Congress. The focus was on launching the Human Brain Proteome Atlas as well as ideas, strategies and methodological aspects in clinical neuroproteomics.
Finnie Thomas James Ronald - - 2012
A literature review was undertaken to assess the impact of influenza in enclosed societies. The literature spanned 120 years and included both readily accessible material from online keyword searches, as well as more obscure paper documents found through in-depth library research. Enclosed societies have been predominantly found in some type ...
Brink A J - - 2012
Tigecycline, the first of a new class of broad-spectrum antibiotics (the glycylcyclines), has been licensed in South Africa for the parenteral treatment of adult patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs) and complicated skin and soft-tissue infections (cSSTIs). This article serves as a summary of the guideline on the appropriate use ...
Davenport Mark - - 2012
This is a summary of the 58th British Association of Paediatric Surgeons Congress held in Belfast, Northern Ireland, on July 20 to 22, 2011.
Pirie Susan - - 2012
The aim of this article is to provide guidance to perioperative practitioners on some of the legal and professional issues associated with their practice. It is anticipated that students and practitioners new to the perioperative environment will find this article can assist them in relating the issues discussed to their ...
Bonneuil Christophe - - 2012
The World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute settlement procedure is a key arena for establishing global legal norms for what counts as relevant knowledge. As a high-profile case, the WTO trade dispute on GMOs mobilized scientific expertise in somewhat novel ways. Early on, the Panel put the dispute under the Sanitary ...
Quinodoz Jean-Michel - - 2012
This paper presents the Annuals of the International Journal of Psychoanalysis, which have been published in Europe since 2003, successively in French, Italian, German, Turkish and Russian. Like the Annuals published since 1985 in Latin America, these are designed to give non-Anglophone readers access to a selection of leading psychoanalytic ...
Taylor Jennifer - - 2012
Anthony N. DeMaria discusses the journal's history, its focus,and innovative ideas for Internet reading.
Macdonald Alexander L - - 2012
Abstracts presented at the British Association of Paediatric Surgeons annual congress have the potential to influence practice. However, it is not known what percentage of accepted abstracts actually go on to withstand peer review and be published in the literature. Abstract books were reviewed for the period 1999 to 2008. ...
Thompson Nellie L - - 2012
Part I reviews the role of the Emergency Committee on Relief and Immigration of the American Psychoanalytic Association, chaired by Lawrence Kubie and Bettina Warburg, members of the New York Psychoanalytic Society, in facilitating the immigration to the United States of scores of European analysts and candidates between 1938 and ...
Verheyden Charles N CN Scott and White Healthcare, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Temple, Texas 76508, USA. - - 2012
The Code of Ethics of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) exists to encourage and enforce ethical behavior among its members. Complaints against individual members may be filed by patients or their representatives, members of the Society, or other members of the public. Data from a total of 677 ...
Coluzzi Giulio - - 2012
EuroThrombosis is the annual meeting of the European Society of Cardiology Working Group on Thrombosis. It gathers clinicians and scientists interested in clinical/experimental thrombosis. The 2011 congress was held in Oporto, Portugal, and presented an appealing program with state-of-the-art sessions on new antiplatelet/anticoagulant agents, diabetes, cellular mechanisms of thrombosis and ...
Lammers Ann C - - 2012
Relying in part on previously unpublished documents of the 1930s, this paper(1) describes the origins and mission of the General Medical Society for Psychotherapy, both as it existed before Hitler's rise to power and as it was transformed afterward. Jung accepted the Society's presidency in 1933-34, on condition that it ...
Golomb Claire - - 2012
Presents an obituary for Marianne l. Simmel (1923-2010). She was a diplomate in clinical psychology and a fellow of five divisions of the American Psychological Association, including Division 10 (Society for the Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts), which she served as president (1969- 1970) and which named her ...
Hart-O'Connor Sheila - - 2012
A new update to AHIMA's Code of Ethics addresses recent changes in technology, healthcare, and association management-and the accompanying complexity of competing interests and obligations they can bring.
Krishnaraj Arun - - 2012
The 2011 ACR Forum focused on the impact of generational differences on the future of radiology, seeking to inform ACR leadership and members on how best to address the influence of the new integrated workforce on the specialty of radiology and on individual practices.
Mok Philip S - - 2012
PURPOSE: To understand the current practice of interventional radiology (IR) morbidity and mortality (M&M) meetings among interventional radiologists in Europe, and to develop a set of results-based recommendations to increase the prevalence of IR M&M meetings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Online electronic surveys were sent to members of the Cardiovascular and ...
McHale Jean V - - 2012
The question of whether English law should be reformed to legalize assisted dying has been the cause of heated debate over many years. The courts have consistently rejected challenges to change the law in the area. However in 2009 Debbie Purdy achieved success in requiring the Director of Public Prosecutions ...
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