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Wilkinson Sarah E SE Prostate Cancer Research Group, Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Monash University, Melbourne, - - 2014
To analyse the use of Twitter at urology conferences to enhance the social media conference experience. We prospectively registered the hashtags of eight international urology conferences taking place in 2013, using the social media metrics website, Symplur.com. In addition, we prospectively registered the hashtag for the European Association of Urology ...
Song Jiakun J Institute for Marine Biosystem and Neuroscience, College of Life Sciences, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, China; International Center for Marine Studies, Shanghai Ocean University, China, 181 Mailbox, 999 Hucheng Ring Road, Shanghai, - - 2014
This special issue of Integrative Zoology (the official journal of the International Society of Zoological Sciences and the Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences) is dedicated to the sensory world of fish and fisheries and the impacts of human activities. The papers in this issue are the outcome of ...
Riggs Kevin K Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 2024 E. Monument Street, Room 2-612B, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA, - - 2014
New technology is a major driver of health care inflation. One contributor to this inflation is indication creep, the diffusion of interventions that have been proven beneficial in specific patient populations into untested broader populations who may be less likely to benefit. Professional societies sometimes promote indication creep, as we ...
Sinha Bhanu B aDepartment of Medical Microbiology and Infection Prevention bDepartment of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
Prevention of surgical site infections is a key issue to patient safety and the success of surgical interventions. Systemic antimicrobial prophylaxis is one important component of a perioperative infection prevention bundle. This review focuses on selected recent developments and important concepts in the field. Joint guidelines (American Society of Health-System ...
Lobos Bejarano José María JM Comité Español Interdisciplinario de Prevención Cardiovascular, España; Sociedad Española de Medicina de Familia y Comunitaria, Madrid, - - 2014
The publication of the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines on the treatment of high blood cholesterol has had a strong impact due to the paradigm shift in its recommendations. The Spanish Interdisciplinary Committee for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and the Spanish Society of Cardiology reviewed this guideline and ...
Mwale Fackson F Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
This commentary highlights the article by Wang et al, exploring the regulatory relationship between matrix metalloproteinase-3 and syndecan 4 in disc degeneration.
Fainzang Sylvie - - 2014
In this article, I discuss certain questions relating to the ethical difficulties faced by anthropologists when dealing with two different social groups and when one group holds a position of dominance over the other. In the first example, I draw on my work on doctor-patient relationships in France; in the ...
Kirschen Matthew P MP From the Division of Neurology (M.P.K.), Department of Pediatrics, and Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania; the Emergency Care Research Institute and Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center (A.T.), PA; the American Academy of Neurology (S.B.N.), Minneapolis, MN; the Department of Neurology (J.A.R.), Lahey Clinic, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA; and the Ochner Neuroscience Institute (D.L.), Ochsner Medical Center, New Orleans, LA. - - 2014
To examine the ethical and legal issues physicians face when evaluating and managing athletes with sports-related concussions, and to offer guidance to physicians as they navigate these situations.RESULTS: This position paper reviews and compares the components of sports-related concussion laws, including education, removal from play, and clearance for return to ...
- - 2014
Provides the 2013 Annual Report of the American Psychological Association. This edition of the report introduces each directorate and office within APA and talks about their goals and objectives. The president of APA, Dr. Norman Anderson, also gives a brief report that provides an update on the activities of the ...
- - 2014
In accordance with the bylaws of the American Psychological Association (APA), the Ethics Committee reports regularly to the membership regarding the number and types of ethics matters investigated and the major programs undertaken. In 2013, ethics adjudication, ethics education and consultation, and special projects were activities of the Ethics Committee. ...
O'Connell P Ronan PR UCD School of Medicine and Medical Sciences and Centre for Colorectal Disease, St Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
It gives me great pleasure, on the occasion of the 9(th) Scientific and Annual ESCP meeting to report on the Society's activities over the past year. It seems only weeks ago that I read Professor Soren Laurberg's 2013 report. I must presume this is evidence of a busy and productive ...
Vieira Carla Costa - - 2014
Elected in 1723, Isaac de Sequeira Samuda (1681-1729) was the first Jewish Fellow of the Royal Society. He had arrived in London just a few years earlier, escaping from the Portuguese Inquisition. Despite his past, he had no difficulty in establishing links with his country's diplomatic representatives in London. A ...
Song Jiakun J Institute for Marine Biosystem and Neuroscience, College of Life Sciences, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, China; International Center for Marine Studies, Shanghai Ocean University, - - 2014
This special issue of Integrative Zoology (the official journal of the International Society of Zoological Sciences and the Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences) is dedicated to the sensory world of fish and fisheries and the impacts of human activities. The papers in this issue are the outcome of ...
Vanstone Meredith M Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, McMaster University, Hamilton - - 2014
New technologies analyzing fetal DNA in maternal blood have led to the wide commercial availability of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT). We present here for clinicians the ethical and policy issues related to an emerging practice option. Although NIPT presents opportunities for pregnant women, particularly women who are at increased risk ...
Stain Steven C SC Departments of Surgery, Albany Medical College, 50 New Scotland Ave, MC 194, Albany, NY, 12208-3479, USA, - - 2014
The relationship between the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) and its industry partners has been longstanding, productive technologically, and beneficial to patient care and education. In order to both maintain this important relationship to honor its responsibility to society for increasing transparency, SAGES established a Conflict of ...
Song Tae Jun TJ Department of Internal Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, South - - 2014
There have been great developments in the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) in the last decade. Most significantly, the international consensus diagnostic criteria (ICDC) proposed in 2011 were the first attempt to provide unified diagnostic criteria incorporating most features of the previously existing national criteria. However, the ICDC ...
Pacheco Karina Tonini Dos Santos KT Department of Social Medicine, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Vitória, ES, - - 2014
Just like any other profession, dentistry requires ethical and moral responsibilities that must be fulfilled, and the duty of every professional is to meet his obligations under the law. In light of the Código de Ética Odontológica (CEO - Code of Dental Ethics), this research aims to expound on the ...
Littman Alyson A Seattle Epidemiologic Research and Information Center, Seattle, - - 2014
Understanding physical activity (PA) after discharge from the military can inform theory on the role of habit and reinforcement in behavior maintenance and has implications for this population's future health. Using data from 28,866 Millennium Cohort Study participants (n=3782 of whom were discharged during the years between assessments), we: 1) ...
Laurson Kelly R KR School of Kinesiology and Recreation, Illinois State University, Normal, - - 2014
Physical activity (PA), television time (TV) and sleep duration (SLP) are considered individual risk factors for adolescent obesity. Our aim was to investigate the concurrent influence of meeting PA, SLP and TV recommendations on adolescent obesity utilizing 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey (YRBSS) data. Subjects included 9,589 (4,874 females) ...
Baker Graham J - - 2014
Historians have regularly acknowledged the significance of religious faith to the eugenics movement in Britain and the USA. However, much of this scholarship suggests a polarised relationship of either conflict or consensus. Where Christian believers participated in the eugenics movement this has been represented as an abandonment of 'orthodox' theology, ...
Chen Yiyi Y Yiyi Chen, Hospital Office, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, 79 Qingchun Road, Hangzhou, 310003, Zhejiang, - - 2014
At present, there exist a lot of violations of medical ethics in advertising and promotional activities, which have been infringing the rights of patients. Therefore, the ethical criteria should be established as soon as possible to regulate the hospital promotional activities, to regain the trust of people.
Schleissing S S Institut Technik-Theologie-Naturwissenschaften an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, - - 2014
Reproductive medicine laws in Germany currently mean that the relationship status of prospective parents is taken into consideration in decisions on whether their application for assisted reproduction is approved or rejected. In the light of new forms of shared parenthood, we should ask ourselves whether the current regulations are still ...
Perlin Michael L ML International Mental Disability Law Reform Project, Online Mental Disability Law Program, New York Law School, 185 West Broadway, New York, NY 10013, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the past two decades, therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ) has become one of the most important theoretical approaches to the law. But, there has, as of yet, been puzzlingly little written about the relationship between TJ and international human rights law. To be sure, there has been some preliminary and exploratory ...
Ishii Tetsuya T Office of Health and Safety, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0808, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous discussions regarding human germline gene modification led to a global consensus that no germline should undergo genetic modification. However, the UK Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, having conducted at the UK Government's request a scientific review and a wide public consultation, provided advice to the Government on the pros ...
Martin April A Department of Psychology, University of Oklahoma, 455 W. Lindsey St., Dale Hall Tower, Room 705, Norman, OK, 73019, USA, - - 2014
Although various models of ethical decision making (EDM) have implicitly called upon constructs governed by working memory capacity (WMC), a study examining this relationship specifically has not been conducted. Using a sense making framework of EDM, we examined the relationship between WMC and various sensemaking processes contributing to EDM. Participants ...
Flatley Danielle R DR Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney , Sydney , - - 2014
Speech-language pathologists experience ethical dilemmas as they fulfil their professional roles and responsibilities. Previous research findings indicated that speech-language pathologists working in publicly funded settings identified ethical dilemmas when they managed complex clients, negotiated professional relationships, and addressed service delivery issues. However, little is known about ethical dilemmas experienced by ...
Clark Sheila S School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, - - 2014
Many Americans do not meet recommendations for physical activity (PA). Communities are building trail networks to encourage PA, but the relationship between trails and PA is not well understood. We monitored usage of urban trails (n=10) in Las Vegas, NV before and after a promotional marketing campaign (October 2011 and ...
Valongo Alessia - - 2014
The major issues regarding human fertilisation and embryology are addressed in a comparative perspective and in the light of relevant rulings of the European Court for Human Rights: the relationship between artificial procreation and parental responsibilities, the legal nature of the unborn child, the human right to reproduce and to ...
Meraji Marziyhe M Department of Medical Records and Health Information Technology, School of Paramedical Sciences, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Mashhad, IR - - 2014
During the last three decades, ethics committees have been formed with a growing trend. These committees have a satisfactory and effective impact on the pattern of patient care and its performance. The medical ethics committee is considered one of the most active committees in hospitals, having the aim of providing ...
Owusu-Dapaa Ernest - - 2014
The paper explores the backward and forward linkage between HCL and bioethics. Indeed, the relationship between the two is so close that it can be considered one of symbiosis. This is particularly the case when an account is taken of how HCL and bioethics positively benefitted from each other in ...
Beets Michael William MW Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, - - 2014
Afterschool programs (ASPs) across the nation have been asked to increase the amount of activity children accumulate while attending. Policies/standards that benchmark the amount of total activity (light-to-vigorous, LVPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) accumulated in an ASP have been developed. Little is known about the prevalence of children meeting ...
Minegishi Takashi T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma University, Maebashi, - - 2014
The Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology Reproductive Endocrinology Committee summarizes the activities of each subcommittee below from April 2011 to March 2013. Survey for clinical outcomes of infertility treatment for women with adenomyosis and complications of pregnant women with adenomyosis. Survey for multiple pregnancies after controlled ovarian stimulation in ...
Hall Brian K BK Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2014
This overview article highlights active areas of research in craniofacial genetics and developmental biology as reflected in presentations given at the 34th annual meeting of the Society of Craniofacial Genetics and Developmental Biology (SCGDB) in Montreal, Quebec on October 11, 2011. This 1-day meeting provided a stimulating occasion that demonstrated ...
Hahn Adam A Department of Psychology, The University of Western Ontario, Social Science Centre, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada. adam.hahn@uwo.ca bgawrons@uwo.ca - - 2014
We extend Newell & Shanks' (N&S's) arguments to the question of whether implicit evaluations reflect unconscious attitudes. We argue that correspondence to explicit evaluations fails to meet the criteria of relevance and sensitivity. When awareness is measured adequately and in line with N&S's criteria, there is compelling evidence that people ...
Lepping Peter P Peter Lepping, MSc, MRCPsych, Department of Psychiatry, Centre for Mental Health and Society, Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board, UK; Bevinahalli Nanjegowda Raveesh, MSc, MBBS, MD(Psy), Department of Psychiatry, Mysore Medical College, - - 2014
Current capacity-based legislation and practice overvalues autonomy to the detriment of other ethical principles. A balanced ethical approach would consider the patient's right to treatment, their relationships and interactions with society and not solely the patient's right to liberty and autonomous decision-making.
Berbesque J Colette JC Centre for Research in Evolutionary and Environmental Anthropology, University of Roehampton, , London, - - 2014
The idea that hunter-gatherer societies experience more frequent famine than societies with other modes of subsistence is pervasive in the literature on human evolution. This idea underpins, for example, the 'thrifty genotype hypothesis'. This hypothesis proposes that our hunter-gatherer ancestors were adapted to frequent famines, and that these once adaptive ...
Brody Howard - - 2014
Once upon a time, medicine dismissed narrative as unimportant and uninteresting. Then, in the late 1980s, physicians and scholars became interested in how the study of narrative could enhance our understanding of illness and health care, and the field that came to be known as "narrative medicine" developed. Some of ...
Hopwood Christopher J CJ Michigan State - - 2014
In this article the inaugural meeting of the North American Society for the Study of Personality Disorders (NASSPD) is described against the backdrop of some exciting themes in contemporary personality disorder theory, research, and treatment. Commentary is provided for 7 papers included in this issue as representative of the talks ...
Maud Pétrault P EA 1046-Département de Pharmacologie Médicale, Faculté de Médecine, CHU Lille, 1 Place de Verdun, 59045 Lille Cedex, France ; UDSL, 59000 Lille, - - 2014
Since an ethical issue has been raised regarding the use of the well-known anesthetic agent chloral hydrate, owing to its mutagenic and carcinogenic effects in animals, attention of neuroscientists has turned to finding out an alternative agent able to meet not only potency, safety, and analgesic efficacy, but also reduced ...
Szeto Maria O P MO Mackenzie - - 2014
Purpose: The role of registered dietitians (RDs) in decision-making for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement was explored. The ethical climate in their workplace and the relationship between decision-making and the ethical climate were examined. Methods: The survey included 67 RDs in complex continuing care and long-term care settings in Ontario. ...
Gray Ben B Primary Health Care and General Practice, University of Otago Wellington, 23A Mein Street, Newtown, Wellington South 6021, New Zealand. - - 2014
The New Zealand Medical Association (NZMA) is reviewing its Code of Ethics. The current Code is predominantly an individual patient-focussed, doctor as independent practitioner and monocultural document, based substantially around the four principles of Beauchamp and Childress. This paper discusses the limitations of this approach and describes three groups who ...
Cristofari Cécile C Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Québec, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada; Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, - - 2014
Studying human behavior in response to large-scale catastrophic events, particularly how moral challenges would be undertaken under extreme conditions, is an important preoccupation for contemporary scientists and decision leaders. However, researching this issue was hindered by the lack of readily available models. Immersive virtual worlds could represent a solution, by ...
Ferguson Caleb - - 2014
The World Wide Web has changed the way in which people communicate and consume information. More importantly, this innovation has increased the speed and spread of information. There has been recent increase in the percentage of cardiovascular professionals, including journals and associations using Twitter to engage with others and exchange ...
Kendall Sacha S UNSW Medicine, University of New South Wales, School of Women's and Children's Health, UNSW Randwick Hospital Campus, Level 2 McNevin Dickson Building, Randwick, NSW, 2031, Australia, - - 2013
This paper argues that there is a relationship between understandings of anorexia nervosa (AN) and how the ethical issues associated with involuntary treatment for AN are identified, framed, and addressed. By positioning AN as a construct/discourse (hereinafter "AN: the diagnosis") several ethical issues are revealed. Firstly, "AN: the diagnosis" influences ...
Breccia Massimo M Department of Biotechnologies and Cellular Hematology, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia (CML) has evolved rapidly in the last 10 years. The objectives of this national consensus meeting were to describe the optimal procedures to perform at diagnosis, the most appropriate choice of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in the first line setting, the correct monitoring procedures, the ...
Meara Alexa Simon AS Division of Immunology and Rheumatology, Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA; Internal Medicine Residency, East Carolina University/Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina, - - 2013
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are some of the most commonly used medications due to their well-known analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic actions. Due to their known benefits and inherent risks, there have been multiple guidelines from national professional societies that suggest appropriate use to provide both maximum benefit and mitigate risk ...
van Wynsberghe Aimee - - 2013
Contemporary literature investigating the significant impact of technology on our lives leads many to conclude that ethics must be a part of the discussion at an earlier stage in the design process i.e., before a commercial product is developed and introduced. The problem, however, is the question regarding how ethics ...
Gay Jennifer L - - 2013
Examine the relationship between physical activity (PA) and allostatic load in Mexican-Americans as well as variations by gender. Self-reported PA as well as cardiovascular, metabolic and inflammatory markers were assessed in 330 Mexican-American adults in the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort (Brownsville, TX, USA). Dependent variables included total allostatic load, blood ...
Birkhäuser Martin - - 2013
Abstract Protestantism is not a centralized religion. It is composed by many independent Churches having different moral and ethical standards. This review concentrates on the ethical principles prevalent in most modern European Reformed Churches. It does not intend to discuss the ethical principles of many other Protestant Churches present mainly ...
Kuhrt K - - 2013
A day before the start of the 2013 Conference on Pharmaceutical Ingredients (CPhI) Worldwide, the world's leading pharmaceutical networking event, a number of attendees gathered for the Fifth Annual Pre-Connect Conference to discuss trends in business development, manufacturing and regulatory arenas. Of the six modules presented at the meeting, one ...
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