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Lee Taehwan - - 2014
BackgroundPartulid tree snails are endemic to Pacific high islands and have experienced extraordinary rates of extinction in recent decades. Although they collectively range across a 10,000 km swath of Oceania, half of the family¿s total species diversity is endemic to a single Eastern Pacific hot spot archipelago (the Society Islands) and ...
Buckholtz Joshua W JW Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 52 Oxford Street, Cambridge MA 02138, USA; Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, 52 Oxford Street, Cambridge MA 02138, USA; Department of Psychiatry and Center for Law, Brain and Behavior, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stunning technical advances in the ability to image the human brain have provoked excited speculation about the application of neuroscience to other fields. The 'promise' of neuroscience for law has been touted with particular enthusiasm. Here, we contend that this promise elides fundamental conceptual issues that limit the usefulness of ...
Zeiler Kristin K Department of Thematic Studies - Technology and Social Change, Linköping University, 581 83, Linköping, Sweden, - - 2014
Recent years have seen a rise in the number of sociological, anthropological, and ethnological works on the gift metaphor in organ donation contexts, as well as in the number of philosophical and theological analyses of giving and generosity, which has been mirrored in the ethical debate on organ donation. In ...
Paul Aditi A Department of Communication, Michigan State University , East Lansing, - - 2014
Abstract Previous studies that compared differences in the outcomes of relationships that begin online compared to traditional offline venues have primarily looked at marital relationships. The present study extends this investigation by including non-marital relationships in the comparison. It further investigates if the breakup rate of relationships (both marital and ...
Spielthenner Georg G Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35042, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, - - 2014
A growing number of professional associations and occupational groups are creating codes of ethics with the goal of guiding their members, protecting service users, and safeguarding the reputation of the profession. There is a great deal of literature dealing with the question to what extent ethical codes can achieve their ...
McLaughlin Ian I Ian McLaughlin and Anne Pearson are with ChangeLab Solutions, Oakland, CA. Kurt Ribisl is with the Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health and Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Elisa Laird-Metke is with the School of Law, Golden Gate University, San Francisco, - - 2014
Higher prices reduce consumption and initiation of tobacco products. A minimum price law that establishes a high statutory minimum price and prohibits the industry's discounting tactics for tobacco products is a promising pricing strategy as an alternative to excise tax increases. Although some states have adopted minimum price laws on ...
O'Toole E A EA Centre for Cutaneous Research, Blizard Institute, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, - - 2014
The 11(th) annual meeting of the International Pachyonychia Congenita Consortium (IPCC) was held on May 6(th) , 2014 in Albuquerque, NM, USA. The consortium regroups physicians and scientists who contribute their expertise and time to developing therapeutics for the rare orphan disease pachyonychia congenita (PC), an autosomal dominant genodermatosis caused ...
Medoff Marshall H MH a Department of Economics , California State University-Long Beach , Long Beach , California , - - 2014
Is there a relationship between restrictive state abortion laws and postpartum depression? Do states with restrictive abortion laws have higher rates of postpartum depression? If there is a relationship, does it differ by the type of restrictive state abortion law? Using the Centers for Disease Control's 2008 Pregnancy Risk Assessment ...
Grossman Daniel D Texas Policy Evaluation Project, Austin, TX; Ibis Reproductive Health, Oakland, CA; Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In 2013, Texas passed omnibus legislation restricting abortion services. Provisions restricting medical abortion, banning most procedures after 20weeks and requiring physicians to have hospital-admitting privileges were enforced in November 2013; by September 2014, abortion facilities must meet the requirements of ambulatory surgical centers (ASCs). We aimed to rapidly assess the ...
Jerman Jenna J The Guttmacher Institute, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aspects of U.S. clinical abortion service provision such as gestational age limits, charges for abortion services, and anti-abortion harassment can impact the accessibility of abortion; this study documents changes in these measures between 2008 and 2012. In 2012 and 2013, we surveyed all known abortion-providing facilities in the United States (n = 1,720). ...
Dagenais Paul A PA Department of Speech Pathology & Audiology, University of South Alabama , Mobile, AL , - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of dialect upon the perception of dysarthric speech. Speakers and listeners were self-identifying as either Caucasian American or African American. Three speakers were Caucasian American, three were African American. Four speakers had experienced a CVA and were dysarthric. Listeners ...
Gourdet C K CK Health Policy Center, Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have been available for purchase in the USA since 2007, and have grown rapidly in popularity. Currently, there are no federal restrictions on e-cigarettes; therefore, any regulations are under the purview of state and/or local governments. This study examines state laws governing e-cigarettes through youth access restrictions, ...
- - 2014
There is good evidence that assisted hatching (AH) slightly improves clinical pregnancy rates, particularly in poor prognosis patients, including those with prior failed in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. Due to a limited number of studies, there is insufficient evidence to conclude that AH improves live-birth rates. This document replaces the 2008 ...
Christen Markus - - 2014
The principles of biomedical ethics - autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice - are of paradigmatic importance for framing ethical problems in medicine and for teaching ethics to medical students and professionals. In order to underline this significance, Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress base the principles in the common ...
Detenber Benjamin H BH a Wee Kim Wee School of Communication & Information , Nanyang Technological University , - - 2014
Abstract This paper presents a quantitative content analysis of 10, 473 comments from two opposing online petitions related to the legal status of a section of the penal code in Singapore used to ban sex between men. Results indicate numerous significant differences in how the two sides discussed the law ...
Etter Katherine K Department of Health Services, Policy and Practice, Brown University , Providence, RI , USA - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To quantify prescription and repair rates of prosthetic limbs in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and explore differences by level, type, and age. Methods: Veterans (N = 32 440) with an initial prosthetic prescription between 2000 and 2010 were classified by amputation level and type. Annual rates of prescription and ...
Mansour Ragaa R The Egyptian IVF-ET Center, Cairo, - - 2014
What are the access, effectiveness and safety of assisted reproductive technology (ART) worldwide in 2006? ART access, effectiveness and safety vary markedly among countries. Overall, there was an increase in the use of ICSI, single embryo transfer (SET) and frozen embryo transfer (FET). There was a decline in the multiple ...
Macafee Lauren K LK Fletcher Allen Health Care/University of Vermont, Burlington, - - 2014
In 2012, New Hampshire enacted a parental notification requirement for minors seeking an abortion with the rationale that parental involvement will decrease abortion rates in minors. Previous studies have demonstrated conflicting results with respect to changes in abortion rates and rates of parental involvement and often failed to account for ...
Tavara Luis L Peruvian Obstetrics and Gynecology Society, Lima, Peru. Electronic address: - - 2014
Unsafe abortion is one of the most serious public health and human rights issues in South America. Rates are among the highest in the world and account for 13% of maternal deaths. Nine out of 10 South American countries have enrolled in the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) ...
Jaldesa Guyo W GW Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Nairobi, Kenya. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal mortality and morbidity rates are very high in Africa. A large proportion of these deaths is attributed to unsafe abortion. The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, in collaboration with its member societies in each participating country, their respective Ministries of Health, and various non-governmental agencies, has developed an ...
Linkie Matthew M Fauna & Flora International, Singapore 247672, Singapore. - - 2014
The government of Indonesia, which presides over 10% of the world's tropical forests, has set ambitious targets to cut its high deforestation rates through an REDD+ scheme (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation). This will require strong law enforcement to succeed. Yet, strategies that have accomplished this are rare ...
Webster Daniel D Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N. Broadway, Rm. 593, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA, - - 2014
In the USA, homicide is a leading cause of death for young males and a major cause of racial disparities in life expectancy for men. There are intense debate and little rigorous research on the effects of firearm sales regulation on homicides. This study estimates the impact of Missouri's 2007 ...
Arora Kavita Shah - - 2014
Prior ethics educational interventions for residents have shown improvement in confidence and knowledge scores strictly in an internal medical resident population. Baseline knowledge and attitudes regarding reproductive ethics and law of obstetrics and gynaecology (ob/gyn) residents were assessed via a survey. Then, after completion of a 20-h curriculum for the ...
Rabiu Abdul-Rasheed - - 2014
The medical profession consistently strives to uphold patient empowerment, equality and safety. It is ironic that now, at a time where advances in technology and knowledge have given us an increased capacity to preserve and prolong life, we find ourselves increasingly asking questions about the value of the lives we ...
Jones Rachel K RK Rachel K. Jones is senior research associate, at the Guttmacher Institute, New York.. - - 2014
Following a long-term decline, abortion incidence stabilized between 2005 and 2008. Given the proliferation of state-level abortion restrictions, it is critical to assess abortion incidence and access to services since that time. In 2012-2013, all facilities known or expected to have provided abortion services in 2010 and 2011 were surveyed. ...
Klair Ashfaq Ahmad AA a Chief Instructor at National Highways and Motorways Police (NH&MP) Training College , Sheikhupura , - - 2014
Objectives: Traffic crashes are leading cause of deaths and injuries in Pakistan. WHO estimates that approximately 30,131 people die in road crashes annually on Pakistani roads (WHO, 2013). The use of seat belt can be effective device to reduce road crash fatalities in Pakistan but under existing seat belt laws, ...
Jiménez Ruiz Carlos A CA Smoking Department, Spanish Society of Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery, Barcelona, - - 2014
Background: In 2005, the Spanish government approved Law 28/2005 on health measures against smoking; this was amended in 2010 by Law 42/2010. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of these laws on passive smoking. Methods: Three epidemiological studies were conducted on a representative sample of ...
Antonio Jose J Exercise and Sports Science, Nova Southeastern University, Davie, FL, 33314, USA. - - 2014
The editors of Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 10 (2013). The tireless work that all of you have given to us to enhance our journal is highly appreciated. We can't thank you ...
Gorai Amit K AK Environmental Science & Engineering Group, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi 835215, Jharkhand, India. - - 2014
Studies on asthma have shown that air pollution can lead to increased asthma prevalence. The aim of this study is to examine the association between air pollution (fine particulate matter (PM2.5), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and ozone (O3)) and human health (asthma emergency department visit rate (AEVR) and asthma discharge rate ...
Streuli Jürg C - - 2013
Our retrospective study presents and evaluates clinical ethics consultations (CECs) in pediatrics as a structure for implementing hospital-wide ethics. We performed a descriptive and statistical analysis of clinical ethics decision making and its implementation in pediatric CECs at Zurich University Children's Hospital. Ninety-five CECs were held over 5 years for 80 ...
Moreira Sara Leitão SL Higher Institute Bissaya Barreto. - - 2013
Society is changing at an unprecedented rate. Several areas of knowledge are evolving on a daily basis, namely medicine and connected sciences. Hence it is needed that the legislator walks at least right behind this evolution, in order not to be considered retrograde. One of the areas that need the ...
Trandafir Mircea - - 2013
It has long been argued that the legalization of same-sex marriage would have a negative impact on marriage. In this article, I examine how different-sex marriage in the Netherlands was affected by the enactment of two laws: a 1998 law that provided all couples with an institution almost identical to ...
Skålevåg Svein Atle - - 2013
This article discusses discourses on criminal responsibility in Norway in the 19th and 20th centuries, in light of Michel Foucault's regimes of power and knowledge: the apparatuses of law, discipline and security. The passing of two criminal codes, in 1842 and 1902 marks a development from neo-classical law to a ...
Su Yi-Chen - - 2013
In an effort at ethical reform, Taiwan recently revised the Hospice Palliative Care Law authorising family members or physicians to make surrogate decisions to discontinue life-sustaining treatment if an incompetent terminally ill patient did not express their wishes while still competent. In particular, Article 7 of the new law authorises ...
Cheng Kai-Wen - - 2013
This study examines the influence that smokefree workplaces, restaurants and bars have on the adoption of smokefree rules in homes and cars, and whether there is an association with adopting smokefree rules in homes and cars. Bivariate probit models were used to jointly estimate the likelihood of living in a ...
Mansouri Kaweh K Hamilton Glaucoma Center and the Shiley Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, USA, - - 2013
To estimate global rates of glaucoma surgery. National glaucoma and national ophthalmology societies were contacted to obtain rates of glaucoma surgery for the preceding 5 years. In countries without a professional society, leading ophthalmologists or non-governmental organizations (NGO) were approached. When available, published literature was used for the estimates. Three ...
Erofeeva Lyubov Vladimirovna - - 2013
Recently in Russia, abortion rights have been attacked. For decades, Russian women could have an elective abortion up to week 12 of pregnancy; between 12 and 22 weeks, medical or social grounds were required for an abortion. In mid 2011, a group of Parliamentarians teamed up with Russian Orthodox Church ...
Morabia Alfredo - - 2013
Wade Hampton Frost, who was a Professor of Epidemiology at Johns Hopkins University from 1919 to 1938, spurred the development of epidemiologic methods. His 6 publications in the American Journal of Hygiene, which later became the American Journal of Epidemiology, comprise a 1928 Cutter lecture on a theory of epidemics, ...
Ross Lee - - 2013
Presents an obituary for David L. Rosenhan (1929-2012). A distinguished psychologist and professor emeritus at Stanford University, Rosenhan died February 6, 2012, at the age of 82, after a long illness. Born in Jersey City, New Jersey, on November 22, 1929, he received a bachelor's degree in mathematics (1951) from ...
Finlay Jocelyn E - - 2013
An unresolved debate in demography concerns the causal sequence between the supply of contraception and the demand for smaller families in fertility decline. Through a mixed-methods approach, we explored the effect of a sudden increase in access to legal abortion on subsequent fertility decline when Ghana's criminal code was amended ...
Pinchi Vilma - - 2013
The laws concerning driving licences and epilepsy in different countries are very diverse with regard to the criteria for issuance or renewal of licences, and also the methods of evaluating fitness. In 2011, a law was issued in Italy implementing the European directives on driving licences, including provisions for mandatory notification ...
Puentes G - - 2013
A Reply to the Comment by A. K. Pan and P. K. Panigrahi.
Wall Jesse - - 2013
The purpose of this article is to identify a limit to the appropriate application of property law to the use and storage of bodily material. I argue here that property law ought to be limited to protecting 'contingent rights' and that recent cases where property rights have been recognised in ...
Mukherjee Sahana - - 2013
We examined whether support for tough immigration legislation reflects identity-neutral enforcement of law or identity-relevant defense of privilege. Participants read a fabricated news story in which law-enforcement personnel detained a person due to "reasonable suspicion" that he was an undocumented immigrant. We manipulated descriptions of the detainee so that he ...
Sanders-Jackson Ashley A Center for Tobacco Control Research & Education, UCSF, 530 Parnassus Ave. Box 1390, San Francisco, CA 94143-1390, - - 2013
We examined the pattern of the passage of smoking laws across venues (government and private workplaces, restaurants, bars) and by strength (no law to 100% smoke-free). We conducted transition analyses of local and state smoking restrictions passed between 1970 and 2009, with data from the Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights Ordinance ...
Cooper-Dehoff Rhonda M - - 2013
Interview by Tanya Stezhka Dr Cooper-DeHoff is an Associate Professor in the Department of Pharmacotherapy and Translational Research, and the Department of Pharmaceutics in the College of Pharmacy, and in the Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, at the University of Florida (FL, USA). Her principle research focuses on hypertension, diabetes and ...
Swedler David I - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To understand the circumstances surrounding the occupational homicides of law enforcement officers (LEOs) in the USA. METHODS: Narrative text analysis of Federal Bureau of Investigation Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted reports. RESULTS: A total of 796 officers were killed in the line of duty between 1996 and 2010. ...
Korfmacher Katrina S - - 2013
Although lead paint was banned by federal law in 1978, it continues to poison children living in homes built before that time. The lifelong effects of childhood exposure to even small amounts of lead are well established by medical research and include learning and behavior problems, hypertension, osteoporosis, and kidney ...
Szabó Csilla - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), amplified moral sensitivity may be related to the orbitofrontal-striatal circuit, which is also critical in reversal learning. This study examined three questions: (1) What aspects of ethical sensitivity is altered in OCD?; (2) What is the relationship between ethical sensitivity and reversal learning?; ...
Herreros Benjamin - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Currently, The nature and scope of Clinical Ethics Protocols (CEPs) in Madrid (Spain) are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: The main objective is to describe the features of 'guideline/recommendation' type CEPs that have been or are being developed by existing Clinical Ethics Committees (CECs) in Madrid. Secondary objectives include characterisation ...
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