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Farid Suzanne S SS a Department of Biochemical Engineering , University College London , Gordon Street , London , - - 2014
Abstract The Annual bioProcessUK Conference has acted as the key networking event for bioprocess scientists and engineers in the UK for the past 10 years. The following article is a report from the sessions that focused on continuous bioprocessing during the 10(th) Annual bioProcessUK Conference (London, December 2013). These sessions were ...
Wang Sicheng S Department of Science and Technology, State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine of the People's Republic of China, Beijing, 100027, - - 2014
In recent years, the paradigm of real-world study (RWS) has been at the forefront of clinical research worldwide, particularly in the field of traditional Chinese medicine. In this paper, basic features and nature of real-world clinical studies are discussed, and ethical issues in different stages of RWS are raised and ...
Maxwell Michele M - - 2012
From February 12-16, 2012, leading members of the sirtuin scientific community assembled in Tahoe, CA to attend the Keystone Symposium "Sirtuins in Aging, Metabolism, and Disease." It was a vibrant and lively meeting, and in the spirit of Keystone Symposia, both established sirtuin researchers and those new to the field ...
Wang Baodong - - 2011
The annual cycle of hypoxia off the Changjiang Estuary, China, was assessed from data acquired during nine cruises in 2006-2007. Hypoxia began to develop in late spring and early summer, reached its maximum in August, weakened in the autumn and finally disappeared in the winter. Hypoxia first developed south-east of ...
Callizo Alvaro - - 2011
This paper reviews the beginning of the South American Council of the Küntscher International Society, a group of enthusiastic South American Orthopaedic Surgeons committed to teach the principles and advances of intramedullary nailing technique in this part of the world. The goals, current and future educational activities are highlighted.
Gasco Jaime - - 2011
This study sought to compare objectively the complexity and diversity of the certification process in neurological surgery in member societies of the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) in the African and Middle Eastern regions. This report centers on two geographic regions: Africa and the Middle East. We provide a ...
Rousseau C - - 2011
In March 2011, a 40 year-old French man was diagnosed with diphtheria caused by toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Fifty-three close contacts were identified from whom throat samples were analysed. C. diphtheriae was found only in the asymptomatic partner of the index case. The two cases had travelled in Spain during the ...
De Walt Patrick S - - 2011
The discourse on African American/Black identity, as illustrated by the “Obama Phenomenon,” continues to evolve as current ways of nomenclature and identifying “what is African American and/or Black identity” are, in effect, challenged by a generation of U.S.-born Africans. This case study explored the perceptions about African American/Black identity of ...
Williams Scott M - - 2011
A report on the African Society of Human Genetics meeting, Cape Town, South Africa, 6-9 March 2011.
Strech Daniel - - 2010
Decisions about the allocation and rationing of medical interventions likely occur in all health care systems worldwide. So far very little attention has been given to the question of what role ethics consultation and ethics committees could or should play in questions of allocation at the hospital level. This article ...
Walseth Liv Tveit LT Research Unit for General Practice, Uni Health, Bergen, Norway. - - 2011
To present theory that illustrates the relevance of ethics for lifestyle counselling in patient-centred general practice, and to illustrate the theory by a qualitative study exploring how doctors may obstruct or enhance the possibilities for ethical dialogue. The theoretical part is based on theory of common morality and Habermas' communication ...
Moore W - - 2010
Applied Ethics is frequently described as a discipline of philosophy that concerns itself with the application of moral theories such as deontology and utilitarianism to real world dilemmas. However, these applications often remain restricted to the academic world. The focus of new versions ethics consulting has since the mid-1980s shifted ...
Kesselheim Jennifer C - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Ethics consultation is a widely endorsed mechanism for resolving conflict, facilitating communication, and easing moral distress in health care. Although ethics consultation has been well characterized in the adult setting, little is known about ethics consultation or ethics programs in pediatrics. We conducted a national survey of ethicists at ...
Edelstein Lauren M - - 2010
Curbside ethics consultations occur when an ethics consultant provides guidance to a party who seeks assistance over ethical concerns in a case, without the consultant involving other stakeholders, conducting his or her own comprehensive review of the case, or writing a chart note. Some have argued that curbside consultation is ...
Swiderski Deborah M - - 2010
The Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project (CECP) was intiated in 2007 in response to the lack of uniform standards for both the training of clinical ethics consultants, and for evaluating their work as consultants. CECP participants, all practicing clinical ethics consultants, met monthly to apply a standard evaluation instrument, the "QI ...
Howe Edmund G - - 2010
Attention to the ethical concerns of healthcare aides can provide important information about patients' needs to careproviders, improve the ethical environment of an institution, and benefit aides who suffer from bearing ethical concerns alone. All persons benefit from sharing their ethical concerns with others. Among other benefits, ethics consultation offers ...
Ramsey David J - - 2010
Clinical ethics consultants are increasingly called upon to give counsel in the clinical arena on issues including but not limited to withdrawal or withholding of specific medical treatments, assisting minors and mentally impaired patients with care decisions, working with difficult patients and families, identifying appropriate surrogate decision makers, and executing ...
Smith Martin L - - 2010
While consensus exists among many practitioners of ethics consultation about the need for and identification of core competencies and standards, there has been virtually no attempt to determine how these competencies and standards are best taught and assessed. We believe that clinical ethics consultation has reached a state of sufficient ...
Whitehead J M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify the consultation activities of clinical ethics committees (CECs) in the UK and the views of CEC chairpersons regarding such activities. METHODS: An anonymous, password-protected online questionnaire was sent by e-mail to 70 CEC chairpersons. The questionnaire contained 14 items. RESULTS: Of the 70 CECs contacted, 30 responded ...
Opel D J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The traditional approach to resolving ethics concerns may not address underlying organisational issues involved in the evolution of these concerns. This represents a missed opportunity to improve quality of care "upstream". The purpose of this study was to understand better which organisational issues may contribute to ethics concerns. METHODS: ...
Romano Megan E ME Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2009
To describe ethics consultations at a single institution that has a mandatory ethics consultation policy. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all adult patients who were admitted to the intensive care unit at Columbia University Medical Center and had an ethics consultation between August 1, 2006, and July 31, ...
Wright Mark T - - 2009
Ethical dilemmas are found throughout the daily work of C-L psychiatrists. Unfortunately, most psychiatrists have no more training in ethics than their nonpsychiatric colleagues. Psychiatric consults spurred by ethical dilemmas can provoke anxiety in psychiatrists and leave anxious colleagues without the clear recommendations they seek. C-L psychiatrists, and probably all ...
Scofield Giles R - - 2008
In a recent article, Steinkamp, Gordijn, and ten Have discussed a new way of thinking about the ethics consultant's ethical expertise. After critiquing their model of ethical expertise, along with the notion that discourse can and will enable ethicists to consult without over-reaching, this essay suggests that the debate about ...
- - 2008
The American Psychologist gratefully acknowledges the assistance of the following persons who served as consultants during the period from September 1, 2007, through August 31, 2008. The editorial procedures of the journal are dependent on the effort and time so generously contributed by the consultants. Their contributions are greatly appreciated. ...
Steensma David P - - 2008
Investment analysts are a growing presence at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH), and financial professionals frequently contact ASH members for information and perspective on drugs, devices, and scientific developments. Recent incidents have raised concerns about consulting relationships between physicians and the investment industry; the appropriate ...
Hurst S A - - 2008
In an international survey of rationing we have found that European physicians encounter scarcity-related ethical difficulties, and are dissatified with the resolution of many of these cases. Here we further examine survey results to explore whether ethics support services would be potentially useful in addressing scarcity related ethical dilemmas. Results ...
Reiter-Theil Stella - - 2008
Clinical ethics consultation has developed from local pioneer projects into a field of growing interest among both clinicians and ethicists. What is needed are more systematic studies on the ethical challenges faced in clinical practice and problem solving through ethics consultation from interdisciplinary perspectives. The Thematic Issue covers a range ...
Aleksandrova Silviya - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Contemporary medical practice is complicated by many dilemmas requiring ethical sensitivity and moral reasoning. OBJECTIVE: To investigate physicians' experience in ethical decision-making and their attitude towards ethics consultation. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey 126 physicians representing the main clinics of Pleven University hospital were investigated by a self-administered questionnaire. ...
Varelius Jukka - - 2008
Services of ethics consultants are nowadays commonly used in such various spheres of life as engineering, public administration, business, law, health care, journalism, and scientific research. It has however been maintained that use of ethics consultants is incompatible with personal autonomy; in moral matters individuals should be allowed to make ...
Frolic, Andrea Nadine
This project is an ethnographic investigation of the practices and professional identities of clinical bioethicists working in Canadian and American hospitals. Data collected over a three-year period (September 2000--February 2004) included participant-observation, interviews and the author's own experience working as a clinical bioethicist. Specifically, the author queries the tropes conventionally ...
German National Ethics Council
Dying is an individual process which, as such, cannot be removed from the sphere of the individual's self-determination. At the same time, however, it involves a range of different ethical obligations, legal demands and religious expectations, which call for thorough discussion and evaluation in all their aspects. The National Ethics ...
Orlowski J P - - 2006
Ethics consultation is used regularly by some doctors, whereas others are reluctant to use these services. To determine factors that may influence doctors to request or not request ethics consultation. A survey questionnaire was distributed to doctors on staff at the University Community Hospital in Tampa, Florida, USA. The responses ...
Geppert Cynthia M A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This article briefly reviews the history of the relationship between psychiatry and the leadership of ethics committees as a background for examining appropriate educational initiatives to adequately prepare residents and early career psychiatrists to serve as leaders of ethics committees. METHOD: A Medline review of literature on psychiatry and ...
Noel-Weiss Joy - - 2006
This article studies the role of ethics in the context of the work of International Board Certified Lactation Consultants. It provides an overview of some of the main ethical approaches with the goal of contributing to the knowledge, skills, and tools required by lactation consultants. Five main sections structure the ...
Tuohey John - - 2006
In response to the need for a more structured approach toward the enhancement of and preparation for case consultation, the Portland Service Area (PSA) of the Providence Health System Oregon Region implemented a "special team" system. These teams--an extension of the ethics committees already in place--underwent training in areas such ...
Shaw Jeffrey - - 2006
This report focuses on the 2005 Annual meeting held in Caxambu, Minas Gerais, Brazil that was convened and organized by the Brazilian Society of Protozoology http://www.sbpz.org.br/. This is an annual event and details of these meetings can be found on the Society's website. Within the space available it has been ...
Jellinek E H - - 2005
Bastian, an eminent, if controversial, naturalist, pioneer neurologist, and for 30 years, professor at University College, London, ended with a certain income of only Ł75 in his last year. Sir James Crichton-Browne initiated the grant of a Civil List pension. Prime Minister H Asquith, after consulting the London Royal Society, ...
This document is the final report of the Second Intergovernmental Consultation on the Establishment of a Southwest Indian Ocean Fisheries Commission, which was held in Antananarivo, Madagascar, from 25 to 28 September 2001. A draft agreement for the establishment of a regional fisheries body in the Southwest Indian Ocean was ...
Skultans Vieda - - 2005
This article considers the ethical guidelines concerning autonomy, negotiated consent and transparency in relation to an ethnography of psychiatry. It suggests that the complexities and unequal power distribution of the psychiatric consultation make these guidelines difficult to apply. Rather an attempt is made to develop an ethics of patient acknowledgement ...
Wiggins Osborne P - - 2005
This essay introduces a thematic issue focused on the contributions to clinical ethics and the philosophy of medicine by Richard M. Zaner. We consider the apparent divorce of Zaner's philosophical roots from his recent narrative immersions into the blooming, buzzing confusions of clinical-moral lifeworlds. Our considerations of the Zanerian context ...
Gill Andrew W - - 2004
In Australia there has been only limited experience with ethics consultation, and there are no reports of practical details. In 1999, the Institutional Clinical Ethics Committee at John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, initiated an Acute Clinical Ethics Service (ACES) to formalise a perceived need within the hospital for ethics consultation. This ...
Boice, Peter
Background: Endangered Species Act: consult on activities that may affect a listed species or its designated habitat. Sikes Act: Develop and implement INRMP. National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2004.
DuVal Gordon - - 2004
To identify the ethical dilemmas that internists encounter, the strategies they use to address them, and the usefulness of ethics consultation. National telephone survey. Doctors' offices. General internists, oncologists, and critical care/pulmonologists (N = 344, 64% response rate). Types of ethical dilemmas recently encountered and likelihood of requesting ethics consultation; ...
Rogers Tracy L - - 2004
Police and forensic specialists are ethically obliged to preserve the integrity of their investigations and their agencies' reputations. The American Academy of Forensic Sciences and the Canadian Society of Forensic Science provide no guidelines for crime scene ethics, or the retention of items from former crime scenes. Guidelines are necessary ...
Rubin Susan B - - 2004
Although various aspects of clinical ethics consultation have been discussed in the literature, there has yet to be sustained systematic debate about the fundamental philosophical and methodological issues at stake in doing clinical ethics. Arguing that the field of clinical ethics is at ta critical crossroads, the author of this ...
Agich George J - - 2003
In this paper, I describe the development of ethics consultation services and their operation at the Cleveland Clinic; my own educational experiences and background and how I came to see the importance of setting and collaboration for successfully doing clinical ethics; the unique culture of the Cleveland Clinic and its ...
Bird Sara - - 2003
Sickness certificates are legal documents. General practitioners may face disciplinary proceedings, or even civil or criminal action if they issue a false, misleading or incorrect sickness certificate. Never backdate a sickness certificate. Always record the actual date that the certificate was written and the date of the consultation--even if the ...
Tan S Y - - 2002
Hospital Ethics Committees (HECs), a well-established component of institutional healthcare in the United States (US), are beginning to take root in Asia. A major function of HECs is to provide ethics consultation in the clinical setting. Whereas the modus operandi for ethics consultation is reasonably uniform in the US, one ...
Finnerty James J - - 2002
There is an increasing interest in, and request for, gamete retrieval from recently deceased or near-dead subjects for the purpose of posthumous procreation. This usually arises in an emergency situation with little time for physicians to consider ethical ramifications. Advance planning is needed to help these physicians make thoughtful decisions. ...
Cummins Deborah - - 2002
Is bioethics consultation a profession? With few exceptions, the arguments and counterarguments about whether healthcare ethics consultation is a profession have ignored the historical and cultural development of professions in the United States, the ways social changes have altered the work and boundaries of all professions, and the professionalization theories ...
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