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Davis Michael - - 2014
The purpose of this article is to provide a moral foundation for Heilig's argument (published in the same issue) that physician participation in torture is a violation of medical ethics. The argument needs a moral foundation because it is unconventional by the standards of academic biomedical ethics. There is little ...
Mallia Pierre P Bioethics Research Programme, Medical School, Mater Dei Hospital, University of Malta, Msida, Malta, - - 2014
Health Care professionals working in disaster situations have to face urgent choices which diverge from their normal deontological ethos and are more utilitarian. Such is the triage system used to choose whom to treat. Instead of entering a crisis these professionals should be thought that ethics is not harmonizable to ...
Moffat Mary M Mary Moffat, BSN, MEd, MLIS, held the nursing program director of finance position in the Department of Care Coordination within a teaching hospital in Boston, MA, for 15 years. She is currently a candidate for a PhD in Education at Ohio - - 2014
Moral distress can be caused by ethical conflicts that are common in acute care settings. Hospital case managers are unique caregivers in hospital environments. Case managers are advocates who coordinate organizational, clinical, and personal standards. Ethical conflicts embedded in performing delegated responsibilities are burdensome, therefore creating a risk for moral ...
Sarela Ai A Department of Upper GI Surgery, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust & School of Law, University of Leeds, - - 2014
Informed consent has different implications and requirements in law and bioethics, and some irreconcilable disputes with the reality of surgical practice in the National Health Service. This article explores and discusses various aspects of informed consent that are of critical importance for practising surgeons in all specialties.
Weiss Amy L AL Department of Communicative Disorders, University of Rhode Island , Kingston, RI , USA - - 2014
Abstract This paper examined an interdisciplinary college-based support programme, the Communication Coaching Program (CCP), designed for students diagnosed on the autism spectrum in light of six ethical constructs described by Powell. Collecting data to monitor the successes and ongoing needs of individual participants in the programme is of vital importance, ...
Perumal Balaji B Department of Ophthalmology, Lions Eye Institute, Albany Medical Center, New York, - - 2014
To evaluate the current practice patterns for the treatment of severe thyroid eye disease (TED) in the United States by conducting a survey of the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. This is a questionnaire study. The survey encompassed the use of different modalities, including intravenous steroids, oral ...
Rock Jenny J Centre for Science Communication, Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, 9054, New Zealand; Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, 9054, New Zealand. - - 2014
Dialogue about complex science and society issues is important for contemporary conservation agendas. Conferences provide an appropriate space for such dialogue, but despite its recognized worth, best practices for facilitating active dialogue are still being explored. Face-to-face (FTF) and computer-mediated communication (CMC) are two approaches to facilitating dialogue that have ...
De Wert G G Department of Health, Ethics & Society, Research Institutes CAPHRI and GROW, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands - - 2014
This Task Force document discusses some relatively unexplored ethical issues involved in preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). The document starts from the wide consensus that PGD is ethically acceptable if aimed at helping at-risk couples to avoid having a child with a serious disorder. However, if understood as a limit to ...
Cheit Ross E RE Brown University, Providence, RI, USA - - 2014
Loftus and Guyer have been criticized for the methods they employed in investigating an anonymous case study published by Corwin and Olafson. This article examines the ethical dimensions of their investigation. Loftus and Guyer have offered three defenses for their actions. All three of those defenses lack merit. Their investigation ...
Goodman Rob R Columbia University, New York, USA - - 2014
The use of cognition-enhancing drugs (CEDs) appears to be increasingly common in both academic and workplace settings. But many universities and businesses have not yet engaged with the ethical challenges raised by CED use. This paper considers criticisms of CED use with a particular focus on the Accomplishment Argument: an ...
Islam Nazrul N School of Population and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2014
The perception of physician shortage in Canada is widespread. Absolute shortages and relative discrepancies, both specialty-wise and in urban-rural distribution, have been a daunting policy challenge. International Medical Graduates (IMGs) have been at the core of mitigating this problem, especially as long as shortage of physicians in rural areas is ...
Koocher Gerald P GP DePaul University, Chicago, IL, USA - - 2014
This commentary addresses the emotionally powerful account of Nicole Taus Kluemper from the perspective of a psychologist familiar with the administrative operation of the American Psychological Association (APA) and the ethics of the profession. The application of the APA's Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct to the case ...
Nielsen Morten Ebbe Juul - - 2014
This article examines two current debates in Denmark-assisted suicide and the prioritization of health resources-and proposes that such controversial bioethical issues call for distinct philosophical analyses: first-order examinations, or an applied philosophy approach, and second-order examinations, what might be called a political philosophical approach. The authors argue that although first-order ...
Cudney Paul P Department of Philosophy, Georgetown University, 215 New North Hall, 37th and O Streets, N.W., Washington, DC, 20057, USA, - - 2014
Since the publication of the first edition of Tom Beauchamp and James Childress's Principles of Biomedical Ethics there has been much debate about what a proper method in medical ethics should look like. The main rival for Beauchamp and Childress's account, principlism, has consistently been casuistry, an account that recommends ...
Magalhães-Sant'ana Manuel - - 2014
Although it is widely agreed that veterinary students need to be introduced to ethics, there is limited empirical research investigating the reasons why veterinary ethics is being taught. This study presents the first extensive investigation into the reasons for teaching veterinary ethics and reports data collected in semi-structured interviews with ...
Jones Bleddyn B Department of Oncology, University of Oxford, , Oxford, - - 2014
In August 2011, a group of medical doctors, ethicists, academic and medical physicists were asked to debate and reach consensus on the potential need for randomised control trials to test charged particle radiation therapy (CPRT) for treating tumours. The outcome of the meeting was a paper recently published in the ...
Al-Harthi Lena L Department of Immunology/Microbiology, Rush University, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
On May 23, 2013 scientific leaders in the neuroAIDS community met at the University of Nebraska Medical Center to discuss cellular interaction and signaling for the third annual human immunodeficiency virus and neuroAIDS colloquium. The meeting continues a series of contemporary scientific issues related to how virus effects the nervous ...
- - 2014
For the purposes of research and/or evaluation, a society is organised into 13 basic societal functions (BSFs) within an overall Coordination and Control system. This organisation facilitates transectional descriptions of society or a component of a society for assessment at any given time across the longitudinal phases of a disaster. ...
- - 2014
Provides recent news for the Society for the History of Psychology. Brief descriptions of recent publications, conference news, and featured books are included. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).
Bond Kenneth K Institute of Health - - 2014
Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify individuals with expertise in ethics analysis in Canada, who might contribute to health technology assessment (HTA); to gauge these individuals' familiarity with, and experience participating in, the production of HTA. Methods: A contact list was developed using the Canadian Bioethics Society ...
Keune Jason D JD Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S. Euclid Ave., Campus Box 8109, St. Louis, MO, 63110, USA, - - 2014
The nature of surgical work provides fertile ground in which ethical problems can grow. The concept of what it means to be a "good surgeon" includes the ability to reason and deliberate about how the surgeon's unique technical capabilities integrate with larger society. Ethics education at the resident level is ...
Mograbi Daniel C DC a Department of Psychology, King's College London , Institute of Psychiatry , London , - - 2014
We reply to commentaries on our discussion paper (2013), clarifying our position on the points raised and expanding the scope of our description. We discuss, in particular, the dichotomy between explicit/implicit processes, the heterogeneity of anosognosia, the notion of awareness as an emergent process, and the pervasive role of emotion ...
Rajkumar Ravi Philip RP Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry. - - 2014
A recent statement commissioned by the Indian Association of Private Psychiatry recommends that unmodified electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) should still be used in some settings in India, invoking the principle of beneficence. This paper critically analyses the IAPP statement in terms of both scientific accuracy and ethical principles. It is found ...
Sparrow Robert R a Monash - - 2014
A number of philosophers working in applied ethics and bioethics are now earnestly debating the ethics of what they term "moral bioenhancement." I argue that the society-wide program of biological manipulations required to achieve the purported goals of moral bioenhancement would necessarily implicate the state in a controversial moral perfectionism. ...
van Dijk Gert G Department of Medical Ethics and Philosophy of Health Care, Erasmus University Medical Center, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
We describe the medical state of the art in liver, pancreas and small bowel transplantation, and portray the ethical issues. Although most ethical questions related to these transplantations are not specific for liver, pancreas and small bowel, they do challenge ethical analysis as well as new policies and clinical procedures. ...
Cicardi M M Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences Luigi Sacco, University of Milan, Luigi Sacco Hospital Milan, Milan, - - 2014
Angioedema is defined as localized and self-limiting edema of the subcutaneous and submucosal tissue, due to a temporary increase in vascular permeability caused by the release of vasoactive mediator(s). When angioedema recurs without significant wheals, the patient should be diagnosed to have angioedema as a distinct disease. In the absence ...
Gordon Catherine M CM Division of Adolescent Medicine, Hasbro Children's Hospital and Brown University, Providence, RI, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) convened its second Pediatric Position Development Conference (PDC) on October 2-3, 2013 in Baltimore, MD. The conference was co-sponsored by the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) and was held immediately before their annual meeting. The aim of a PDC is ...
Sedney Cara L - - 2014
Bioethics is a new discipline which developed as modern medical and scientific breakthroughs surpassed the ability of traditional medical ethics to contend with unique ethical dilemmas. It evolved into an interdisciplinary discourse regarding the ethical and societal implications of medicine and the biomedical sciences. Wilder Penfield (1891-1976), celebrated neurosurgeon and ...
Kirshblum S C - - 2014
The International Standards for the Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI) is routinely used to determine the levels of injury and to classify the severity of the injury. Questions are often posed to the International Standards Committee of the American Spinal Injury Association regarding the classification. The committee felt ...
Ivey Laurie C LC Swedish Family Medicine - - 2014
Discusses issues faced by LGBT people, such as a lack of equal civil rights and the need for extra legal and financial protection for families because partners cannot be married. The author notes that, in our society, it is no longer acceptable to be racist, but it is still okay ...
Gonzalo Jed D - - 2014
Morbidity and mortality (M&M) conferences provide a forum for discussing adverse events and systems-based practice (SBP) issues; however, few models for implementing multidisciplinary, systems-focused M&M conferences exist. To implement a new systems-focused M&M conference and evaluate success in focusing on adverse events and systems issues in a nonpunitive, multidisciplinary manner. ...
Ferro R R Surgery Department, Dental Unit, Cittadella Hospital, Health District No 15 'Alta Padovana' (Padua, - - 2014
This paper represents the outcome of the meetings of the Committee composed OF Pedodontists (SIOI - Italian Society of Paediatric Dentistry) and Paediatricians (FIMP - Italian Association of Paediatricians) with the aim to share an evidence- based common approach in caries prevention during childhood and adolescence. The most important topic ...
Salzano Francisco Mauro FM Departamento de Genética, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil - - 2014
A general introduction to the origins and history of Latin American populations is followed by a systematic review of the data from molecular autosomal assessments of the ethnic/continental (European, African, Amerindian) ancestries for 24 Latin American countries or territories. The data surveyed are of varying quality but provide a general ...
Walker Robert S RS Department of Anthropology, University of Missouri, Columbia, - - 2014
Marriages among kin have the dual effect of both increasing average group relatedness as well as reducing the total number of kin by eliminating more genealogically and geographically distant individuals from kinship networks. Marriage decisions therefore face a tradeoff between density of kin, or formation of intensive kinship systems, and ...
Murray Stuart J SJ Canada Research Chair in Rhetoric and Ethics, Department of English Language and Literature, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, ON, K1S 5B6, Canada, - - 2014
This essay reads J.M. Coetzee's novel, Diary of a Bad Year, as an occasion to problematize contemporary bioethical (and neoliberal) paradigms. Coetzee's rhetorical strategies are analyzed to better understand the "scene of address" within which ethical claims can be voiced. Drawing on Foucault's Socratic understanding of ethics as the self's ...
Takala Tuija - - 2014
This article describes and introduces a new innovative tool for bioethics education: a rock opera on the ethics of genetics written by two academics and a drummer legend. The origin of the idea, the characters and their development, and the themes and approaches as well as initial responses to the ...
De Souza Mary Jane MJ Department of Kinesiology, Penn State University, , University Park, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
The Female Athlete Triad is a medical condition often observed in physically active girls and women, and involves three components: (1) low energy availability with or without disordered eating, (2) menstrual dysfunction and (3) low bone mineral density. Female athletes often present with one or more of the three Triad ...
Sharma Seemu S Computer Science and Engineering Deptartment, Thapar University, Patiala, 147001, Punjab, India, - - 2014
This paper attempts to give an insight into emerging ethical issues due to the increased usage of the Internet in our lives. We discuss three main theoretical approaches relating to the ethics involved in the information technology (IT) era: first, the use of IT as a tool; second, the use ...
Büschel Isabell I Institute for Biomedical Ethics (IBMB), Universität Basel, Basel, Switzerland, - - 2014
This article is the result of an international research between law and ethics scholars from Universities in France and Switzerland, who have been closely collaborating with technical experts on the design and use of information and communication technologies in the fields of human health and security. The interdisciplinary approach is ...
Di Matteo Berardo B Biomechanics Laboratory, Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, Via di Barbiano n. 1/10, 40136, Bologna, Italy, - - 2014
This manuscript describes the events and eminent personalities who animated the third Congress of the "Société Internationale de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologie", held in Bologna (Italy) in 1936. During this meeting the Society acquired its definitive name and the acronym under which it is now internationally recognized, SICOT. Some of ...
Ishihara Kenji K Department of Legal Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
'Guidelines for Notification of Unnatural Death', published by the Japanese Society of Legal Medicine (JSLM) in 1994, has been sometimes criticised by many doctors and lawyers. In various countries, laws specify the type of deaths that should undergo post-mortem examination. The centralized system of reporting death deals with treatment-related deaths. ...
Racine Eric E Neuroethics Research Unit, Institut de recherches cliniques de Montréal (IRCM), 110 Avenue des Pins Ouest, Montreal, QC, H2W lR7, Canada, - - 2014
In the debate on the ethics of the non-medical use of pharmaceuticals for cognitive performance enhancement in healthy individuals there is a clear division between those who view "cognitive enhancement" as ethically unproblematic and those who see such practices as fraught with ethical problems. Yet another, more subtle issue, relates ...
Sisson Gretchen G University of California, San Francisco. Electronic address: - - 2014
Popular discourse on abortion in film and television assumes that abortions are under- and misrepresented. Research indicates that such representations influence public perception of abortion care and may play a role in the production of social myths around abortion, with consequences for women's experience of abortion. To date, abortion plotlines ...
Gammie Andrew A Bristol Urological Institute, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, United - - 2014
These guidelines provide benchmarks for the performance of urodynamic equipment, and have been developed by the International Continence Society to assist purchasing decisions, design requirements, and performance checks. The guidelines suggest ranges of specification for uroflowmetry, volume, pressure, and EMG measurement, along with recommendations for user interfaces and performance tests. ...
Mashayekhi Saeideh S Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden and Claremont Graduate University, 1500 North College Avenue, Claremont, California 91711 - - 2014
Reconstructing ancestral states is a useful method to understand the pathway and patterns of character evolution and to test specific hypotheses within a phylogenetic context. Using a phylogenetic hypothesis of the subgenus Amerallium and related subgenera based on molecular data, we reconstructed the evolutionary history of leaf blade anatomical characters ...
Buckeridge John J RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia and IUBS Ethics Commission, Orsay Cedex, - - 2014
Ethics deals with moral behavior in a professional context; ideally, it leads to a set of governing principles through which the appropriateness of any activity may be determined or assessed. Environmental ethics specifically deals with how humans interact with the biosphere. It is clear, however, that, as a species, we ...
Franklin Clifford C Audiology and Speech Pathology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 5820 Asher Avenue, University Plaza, Suite 600, Little Rock, AR 72204, USA. Tel 501-569-8912. - - 2014
Health care professionals are expected to uphold high ethical standards. Recently, ethical practices in health care have received increased scrutiny and study in an effort to ensure that clinicians meet such high ethical standards in serving their patients and clients. The American Academy of Audiology's Code of Ethics establishes professional ...
Morse Stephen J SJ JD, University of Pennsylvania Law School, 3501 Sansom Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6204. E-mail - - 2014
This commentary on Zhong et al. begins by addressing the definition of remorse. It then primarily focuses on the relation between remorse and various justifications for punishment commonly accepted in Anglo-American jurisprudence and suggests that remorse cannot be used in a principled way in sentencing. It examines whether forensic psychiatrists ...
Howe Edmund E Dr. Howe is Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Director, Programs in Medical Ethics, and Senior Scientist, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, - - 2014
This article explores several contexts in which psychiatrists may face having to decide whether to make exceptions to rules or guidelines when treating their patients. Contexts discussed include paternalistically going against a patient's autonomy, violating professional psychiatric standards of care, and clashing with some kind of institutional policy. The author ...
Coman Alina A Regional Eating Disorders Service (RASP), Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital-Ullevål, P,O, Box 4956 Nydalen, Oslo N-0424, Norway. - - 2014
Recently there has been emerging clinical and research interest in the application of deep brain stimulation (DBS) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN). To our knowledge, few studies have discussed ethical aspects associated with the increased use of neuromodulation in AN, some of ...
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