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Keune Jason D JD Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S. Euclid Ave., Campus Box 8109, St. Louis, MO, 63110, USA, - - 2014
The nature of surgical work provides fertile ground in which ethical problems can grow. The concept of what it means to be a "good surgeon" includes the ability to reason and deliberate about how the surgeon's unique technical capabilities integrate with larger society. Ethics education at the resident level is ...
Mograbi Daniel C DC a Department of Psychology, King's College London , Institute of Psychiatry , London , - - 2014
We reply to commentaries on our discussion paper (2013), clarifying our position on the points raised and expanding the scope of our description. We discuss, in particular, the dichotomy between explicit/implicit processes, the heterogeneity of anosognosia, the notion of awareness as an emergent process, and the pervasive role of emotion ...
Rajkumar Ravi Philip RP Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry. - - 2014
A recent statement commissioned by the Indian Association of Private Psychiatry recommends that unmodified electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) should still be used in some settings in India, invoking the principle of beneficence. This paper critically analyses the IAPP statement in terms of both scientific accuracy and ethical principles. It is found ...
Cicardi M M Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences Luigi Sacco, University of Milan, Luigi Sacco Hospital Milan, Milan, - - 2014
Angioedema is defined as localized and self-limiting edema of the subcutaneous and submucosal tissue, due to a temporary increase in vascular permeability caused by the release of vasoactive mediator(s). When angioedema recurs without significant wheals, the patient should be diagnosed to have angioedema as a distinct disease. In the absence ...
Gordon Catherine M CM Division of Adolescent Medicine, Hasbro Children's Hospital and Brown University, Providence, RI, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) convened its second Pediatric Position Development Conference (PDC) on October 2-3, 2013 in Baltimore, MD. The conference was co-sponsored by the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) and was held immediately before their annual meeting. The aim of a PDC is ...
Sedney Cara L - - 2014
Bioethics is a new discipline which developed as modern medical and scientific breakthroughs surpassed the ability of traditional medical ethics to contend with unique ethical dilemmas. It evolved into an interdisciplinary discourse regarding the ethical and societal implications of medicine and the biomedical sciences. Wilder Penfield (1891-1976), celebrated neurosurgeon and ...
Kirshblum S C - - 2014
The International Standards for the Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI) is routinely used to determine the levels of injury and to classify the severity of the injury. Questions are often posed to the International Standards Committee of the American Spinal Injury Association regarding the classification. The committee felt ...
Ivey Laurie C LC Swedish Family Medicine - - 2014
Discusses issues faced by LGBT people, such as a lack of equal civil rights and the need for extra legal and financial protection for families because partners cannot be married. The author notes that, in our society, it is no longer acceptable to be racist, but it is still okay ...
Gonzalo Jed D - - 2014
Morbidity and mortality (M&M) conferences provide a forum for discussing adverse events and systems-based practice (SBP) issues; however, few models for implementing multidisciplinary, systems-focused M&M conferences exist. To implement a new systems-focused M&M conference and evaluate success in focusing on adverse events and systems issues in a nonpunitive, multidisciplinary manner. ...
Walker Robert S RS Department of Anthropology, University of Missouri, Columbia, - - 2014
Marriages among kin have the dual effect of both increasing average group relatedness as well as reducing the total number of kin by eliminating more genealogically and geographically distant individuals from kinship networks. Marriage decisions therefore face a tradeoff between density of kin, or formation of intensive kinship systems, and ...
Murray Stuart J SJ Canada Research Chair in Rhetoric and Ethics, Department of English Language and Literature, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, ON, K1S 5B6, Canada, - - 2014
This essay reads J.M. Coetzee's novel, Diary of a Bad Year, as an occasion to problematize contemporary bioethical (and neoliberal) paradigms. Coetzee's rhetorical strategies are analyzed to better understand the "scene of address" within which ethical claims can be voiced. Drawing on Foucault's Socratic understanding of ethics as the self's ...
Takala Tuija - - 2014
This article describes and introduces a new innovative tool for bioethics education: a rock opera on the ethics of genetics written by two academics and a drummer legend. The origin of the idea, the characters and their development, and the themes and approaches as well as initial responses to the ...
De Souza Mary Jane MJ Department of Kinesiology, Penn State University, , University Park, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
The Female Athlete Triad is a medical condition often observed in physically active girls and women, and involves three components: (1) low energy availability with or without disordered eating, (2) menstrual dysfunction and (3) low bone mineral density. Female athletes often present with one or more of the three Triad ...
Sharma Seemu S Computer Science and Engineering Deptartment, Thapar University, Patiala, 147001, Punjab, India, - - 2014
This paper attempts to give an insight into emerging ethical issues due to the increased usage of the Internet in our lives. We discuss three main theoretical approaches relating to the ethics involved in the information technology (IT) era: first, the use of IT as a tool; second, the use ...
Büschel Isabell I Institute for Biomedical Ethics (IBMB), Universität Basel, Basel, Switzerland, - - 2014
This article is the result of an international research between law and ethics scholars from Universities in France and Switzerland, who have been closely collaborating with technical experts on the design and use of information and communication technologies in the fields of human health and security. The interdisciplinary approach is ...
Di Matteo Berardo B Biomechanics Laboratory, Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, Via di Barbiano n. 1/10, 40136, Bologna, Italy, - - 2014
This manuscript describes the events and eminent personalities who animated the third Congress of the "Société Internationale de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologie", held in Bologna (Italy) in 1936. During this meeting the Society acquired its definitive name and the acronym under which it is now internationally recognized, SICOT. Some of ...
Ishihara Kenji K Department of Legal Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
'Guidelines for Notification of Unnatural Death', published by the Japanese Society of Legal Medicine (JSLM) in 1994, has been sometimes criticised by many doctors and lawyers. In various countries, laws specify the type of deaths that should undergo post-mortem examination. The centralized system of reporting death deals with treatment-related deaths. ...
Racine Eric E Neuroethics Research Unit, Institut de recherches cliniques de Montréal (IRCM), 110 Avenue des Pins Ouest, Montreal, QC, H2W lR7, Canada, - - 2014
In the debate on the ethics of the non-medical use of pharmaceuticals for cognitive performance enhancement in healthy individuals there is a clear division between those who view "cognitive enhancement" as ethically unproblematic and those who see such practices as fraught with ethical problems. Yet another, more subtle issue, relates ...
Sisson Gretchen G University of California, San Francisco. Electronic address: - - 2014
Popular discourse on abortion in film and television assumes that abortions are under- and misrepresented. Research indicates that such representations influence public perception of abortion care and may play a role in the production of social myths around abortion, with consequences for women's experience of abortion. To date, abortion plotlines ...
Gammie Andrew A Bristol Urological Institute, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, United - - 2014
These guidelines provide benchmarks for the performance of urodynamic equipment, and have been developed by the International Continence Society to assist purchasing decisions, design requirements, and performance checks. The guidelines suggest ranges of specification for uroflowmetry, volume, pressure, and EMG measurement, along with recommendations for user interfaces and performance tests. ...
Mashayekhi Saeideh S Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden and Claremont Graduate University, 1500 North College Avenue, Claremont, California 91711 - - 2014
Reconstructing ancestral states is a useful method to understand the pathway and patterns of character evolution and to test specific hypotheses within a phylogenetic context. Using a phylogenetic hypothesis of the subgenus Amerallium and related subgenera based on molecular data, we reconstructed the evolutionary history of leaf blade anatomical characters ...
Montello Martha - - 2014
As an ethicist trained in narrative, I wondered what I could offer Dr. Darcy at this point, two weeks after the events he described. And what might I have offered those involved if they had called an ethics consult at the time? One of this physician's implicit questions was, "How ...
Buckeridge John J RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia and IUBS Ethics Commission, Orsay Cedex, - - 2014
Ethics deals with moral behavior in a professional context; ideally, it leads to a set of governing principles through which the appropriateness of any activity may be determined or assessed. Environmental ethics specifically deals with how humans interact with the biosphere. It is clear, however, that, as a species, we ...
Franklin Clifford C Audiology and Speech Pathology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 5820 Asher Avenue, University Plaza, Suite 600, Little Rock, AR 72204, USA. Tel 501-569-8912. - - 2014
Health care professionals are expected to uphold high ethical standards. Recently, ethical practices in health care have received increased scrutiny and study in an effort to ensure that clinicians meet such high ethical standards in serving their patients and clients. The American Academy of Audiology's Code of Ethics establishes professional ...
Morse Stephen J SJ JD, University of Pennsylvania Law School, 3501 Sansom Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6204. E-mail - - 2014
This commentary on Zhong et al. begins by addressing the definition of remorse. It then primarily focuses on the relation between remorse and various justifications for punishment commonly accepted in Anglo-American jurisprudence and suggests that remorse cannot be used in a principled way in sentencing. It examines whether forensic psychiatrists ...
Howe Edmund E Dr. Howe is Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Director, Programs in Medical Ethics, and Senior Scientist, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, - - 2014
This article explores several contexts in which psychiatrists may face having to decide whether to make exceptions to rules or guidelines when treating their patients. Contexts discussed include paternalistically going against a patient's autonomy, violating professional psychiatric standards of care, and clashing with some kind of institutional policy. The author ...
Coman Alina A Regional Eating Disorders Service (RASP), Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital-Ullevål, P,O, Box 4956 Nydalen, Oslo N-0424, Norway. - - 2014
Recently there has been emerging clinical and research interest in the application of deep brain stimulation (DBS) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN). To our knowledge, few studies have discussed ethical aspects associated with the increased use of neuromodulation in AN, some of ...
Edelblum Karen L KL 1University of - - 2013
In an increasingly competitive job market, trainees benefit from networking, mentorship and leadership opportunities beyond their home institution. Scientific societies boast a large trainee membership and thus designate trainee representative positions on many of their committees. Participation within scientific societies allows trainees to contribute to society programming and policy, while ...
- - 2013
Theories of ethics and ethical reflection may be applied to both theory and practice in psychotherapy. There is a natural affinity between ethics and psychotherapy. Psychotherapy practice is concerned with human problems, dilemmas and emotions related to both one's own and other people's values. Ethics is also concerned with dilemmas ...
Foster C C The Ethox Centre, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford Fellow, Green Templeton College, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HG, - - 2013
This article examines the way that the principle of autonomy is handled in (mostly English) law. The law pays loud lip-service to autonomy, saying that it is the governing principle in many areas. This is particularly true for cases involving bioethics. The courts are rarely philosophically explicit about which account ...
Goldfarb Charles A CA Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO; the Department of Plastic Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; the American Society for Surgery of the Hand, Chicago, IL; and the Curtis National Hand Center, Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, MD.. Electronic address: - - 2013
A task force for the American Society for Surgery of the Hand (ASSH) recently investigated the practice patterns, board certification, subspecialty certification status, and ASSH membership of hand surgeons after completion of fellowship training. A total of 37% of the fellowship graduates from 2000 to 2006 had not attained subspecialty ...
Howe David D Wessex Fetal Medicine Unit, Princess Anne Hospital, Southampton SO16 5YA, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Prenatal ultrasound has opened new opportunities to examine, diagnose and treat the fetus, but these advances bring with them ethical dilemmas. In this chapter, I address the ethical principles that need to be considered when treating both mother and fetus as patients, and how these can be applied in practice. ...
Ahmad Ayesha - - 2013
Whilst there have been serious attempts to locate the practice of male circumcision for religious motives in the context of the (respective) religion's narrative and community, the debate, when referring to a clinical context, is often more nuanced. This article will contribute further to the debate by contextualising the Islamic ...
Fourie Carina C Institute of Biomedical Ethics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zurich, Pestalozzistrasse 24, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2013
Swiss hospitals were required to implement a prospective payment system for reimbursement using a diagnosis-related groups (DRGs) classification system by the beginning of 2012. Reforms to a health care system should be assessed for their impact, including their impact on ethically relevant factors. Over a number of years and in ...
Kedari Narasimha Rao - - 2013
South Africa going to second democratic elections saw two path-breaking works exploring disgraceful crimes and emotional commotions in an intriguing era. One is J.M. Coetzee's Disgrace (1999) and Andre Brink's The Rights of Desire (2000). The Protagonists of both the works are middle-aged caught in the noose of Eros and ...
Andrews June - - 2013
THE UK government has chosen dementia as the topic for the G8 summit to be held in London in December. I had to look up the meaning of G8 when the announcement was made. The 'Group of 8' is a forum for government representatives from eight of the world's largest ...
Faúndes Anibal A FIGO Working Group for the Prevention of Unsafe Abortion, London, UK; Center for Research on Human Reproduction of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2013
Conscientious objection is a legitimate right of physicians to reject the practice of actions that violate their ethical or moral principles. The application of that principle is being used in many countries as a justification to deny safe abortion care to women who have the legal right to have access ...
Ralston Aoki Julie J Staff Attorney at the Public Health Law Center at William Mitchell College of Law in St. Paul, - - 2013
This paper highlights methods - other than legislative and regulatory directives - through which decision-makers may use law and the legal system to facilitate the systems-wide change that the IOM calls for.
Shah Aakash Kaushik AK M.D. candidate at Harvard Medical School. He received his M.B.A. and M. Sc. in Comparative Social Policy from Oxford - - 2013
Since the 1980s, developed countries, led by the United States and the countries of the European Union, have sought to incorporate intellectual property rights provisions into global trade agreements. These countries successfully negotiated the World Trade Organization's 1994 Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), which required developing ...
Stahl Bernd Carsten - - 2013
Information security can be of high moral value. It can equally be used for immoral purposes and have undesirable consequences. In this paper we suggest that critical theory can facilitate a better understanding of possible ethical issues and can provide support when finding ways of addressing them. The paper argues ...
Sarkar Sahotra - - 2013
The following piece is a response to the critiques from Frank, Garson, and Odenbaugh. The issues at stake are: the definition of biodiversity and its normativity, historical fidelity in ecological restoration, naturalism in environmental ethics, and the role of decision theory. The normativity of the concept of biodiversity in conservation ...
Macdougall D Robert - - 2013
Bioethicists working on national ethics commissions frequently think of themselves as advisors to the government, but distance themselves from any claims to actual authority. Governments however may find it beneficial to appear to defer to the authority of these commissions when designing laws and policies, and might appoint such commissions ...
Fourie Carina - - 2013
Much research is currently being conducted on health care practitioners' experiences of moral distress, especially the experience of nurses. What moral distress is, however, is not always clearly delineated and there is some debate as to how it should be defined. This article aims to help to clarify moral distress. ...
Volman Susan F SF Division of Basic Neuroscience and Behavioral Research, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, Nancy Pritzker Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, Department of Neuroscience, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607, and Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland - - 2013
The mesocorticolimbic system, consisting, at its core, of the ventral tegmental area, the nucleus accumbens, and medial prefrontal cortex, has historically been investigated primarily for its role in positively motivated behaviors and reinforcement learning, and its dysfunction in addiction, schizophrenia, depression, and other mood disorders. Recently, researchers have undertaken a ...
Mannava Kathleen A - - 2013
Many current business trends in the field of dermatopathology deserve ethical scrutiny. An important point to consider in these analyses is that which is legal is not necessarily ethical. We examine the topics of client billing, contractual joint ventures, and health information technology donations, including both the legal implications as ...
Demuth James E - - 2013
The University of Wisconsin bioanalytical conference is presented each year by the Extension Services in Pharmacy, the professional development department within the School of Pharmacy. The purpose of this 3-day conference was to provide an educational forum to discuss issues and applications associated with the analysis of xenobiotics, metabolites, biologics ...
Buchanan David D School of Public Health & Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, - - 2013
The recent report by Barnhill and King about obesity prevention policy raises important issues for discussion and analysis. In response, this article raises four points for further consideration. First, a distinction between equality and justice needs to be made and consistently maintained. Second, different theories of justice highlight one additional ...
Sarode Ravi - - 2013
The American Society for Apheresis (ASFA) conducted a 1 day consensus conference on Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP) during its annual meeting in Atlanta, GA, on April 10, 2012. The authors of this article, a subcommittee of ASFA's Clinical Applications Committee, developed several questions with regard to definitions, classification, pathophysiology, diagnosis, ...
Mikesell Lisa L Lisa Mikesell is with the Communication Department, School of Communication and Information, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ. Elizabeth Bromley is with the Semel Institute Center for Health Services and Society, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, and the Greater Los Angeles VA Healthcare System. Dmitry Khodyakov is with the RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, - - 2013
Health research has relied on ethical principles, such as those of the Belmont Report, to protect the rights and well-being of research participants. Community-based participatory research (CBPR), however, must also consider the rights and well-being of communities. This requires additional ethical considerations that have been extensively discussed but not synthesized ...
Smith Kevin - - 2013
I examine the positive and negative features of synthetic biology ('SynBio') from a utilitarian ethical perspective. The potential beneficial outcomes from SynBio in the context of medicine are substantial; however it is not presently possible to predict precise outcomes due to the nascent state of the field. Potential negative outcomes ...
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