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- - 2014
Readers of Veterinary Record last year voted anaesthesia and analgesia to be the most important innovation in the veterinary field since the journal was founded (VR, March 29, 2014, vol 174, pp 318-321). This year, the Association of Veterinary Anaesthetists marked its 50th anniversary, with the celebrations taking place during ...
Cholbi Michael - - 2014
Thanks to recent scholarship, Kant is no longer seen as the dogmatic opponent of suicide that he appears to be at first glance. However, some interpreters have recently argued for a Kantian view of the morality of suicide with surprising, even radical, implications. More specifically, they have argued that Kantianism ...
Magalhães-Sant'Ana M M Laboratory Animal Science, IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Porto, Portugal; Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
Veterinary ethics is recognised as a relevant topic in the undergraduate veterinary curriculum. However, there appears to be no widely agreed view on which contents are best suited for veterinary ethics teaching and there is limited information on the teaching approaches adopted by veterinary schools. This paper provides an inside ...
Buckeridge John J School of Civil and Chemical Engineering, RMIT University, - - 2014
Those of us who are fortunate enough to have the passion and wherewithal to study nature will reflect, with pleasure, upon these words: I can see (no limit) to the beauty and infinite complexity of the co-adaptations between all organic beings, one with another and with their physical conditions of ...
Atabay Gülem G İzmir University of Economics, - - 2014
Moral distress is a major problem in nursing profession. Researchers identified that the stronger the ethical basis of the organization, the less moral distress is reported. However, different ethical climates may have different impacts on moral distress. Moreover, conceptualization of moral distress and ethical climate as well as their relationship ...
Gutenbrunner Christoph C Department for Rehabilitation Medicine, Coordination Center for Rehabilitation Research, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, DE-30625 Hannover, - - 2014
Scientific congresses are an important tool to support communication among scientists, enabling exchange of knowledge and discussion of research results. They can also provide specialist education and allow a forum in which to develop the goals and policies of scientific societies. The World Congresses of the International Society of Physical ...
Amin Mahul B MB *Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA †Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD ‡Department of Pathology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN §Department of Pathology & Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO ††Department of Pathology, New York University Medical Center ¶¶Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY ∥Department of Pathology-Oncology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Stockholm, Sweden ¶Section of Pathological Anatomy, Polytechnic University of the Marche Region School of Medicine, United Hospitals, Ancona, Italy #Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Calgary and Calgary Laboratory Services, Calgary, AB ∥∥Trillium Health Partners, Mississauga and McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada **Unit of Anatomic Pathology, Department of Surgery Universidad de Cordoba, Cordoba, Spain ‡‡Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wellington, New Zealand §§Department of Cellular Pathology, Centre for Molecular Oncology, Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2014
Members of the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) participated in a half-day consensus conference to discuss guidelines and recommendations regarding best practice approaches to use of immunohistochemistry (IHC) in differential diagnostic situations in urologic pathology, including bladder, prostate, testis and, kidney lesions. Four working groups, selected by the ISUP ...
Reves J G JG From the Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South - - 2014
This is an historical account of the accomplishments of the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists from its founding in 1989 to the present. It is written on the occasion of the 35th anniversary of the founding of this organization. The society accomplishments include providing a means to educate anesthesiologists and others ...
Ver Halen Jon P JP Memphis, Tenn.; Detroit, Mich.; Oxnard, Calif., and Houston, Texas From the Baptist Cancer Center, Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center; Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Henry Ford Health System and Wayne State University; and private - - 2014
Given the continued evolution of the American health system, the authors explored young plastic surgeons' attitudes on challenges affecting the specialty and the future role of organized plastic surgery and its advocacy mission. A 21-question online survey was distributed to all members of the Young Plastic Surgeons Forum. Questions were ...
Paulson Steve S Wisconsin Public Radio, Madison, - - 2014
The ability of modern medicine to prolong life has raised a variety of difficult legal, ethical, and social issues on which reasonable minds can differ. Among these are the morality of euthanasia in cases of deep coma or irreversible injury, as well as the Dead Donor Rule with respect to ...
Caly Delphine L DL ProBioGEM-Polytech-lille, Avenue Paul Langevin, Universite Lille 1 - F-59655, Villeneuve d'Ascq, Lille, - - 2014
The third Young Microbiologists Symposium took place on the vibrant campus of University of Dundee, Scotland from the 2nd-3rd June 2014. The symposium attracted over one hundred and fifty microbiologists from seventeen different countries. The significant characteristic of this meeting was that it was specifically aimed at providing a forum ...
Sharif A A Department of Nephrology and Transplantation, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, UK; Advisory Board, Doctors Against Forced Organ Harvesting, Washington, - - 2014
Organ procurement from executed prisoners in China is internationally condemned, yet this practice continues unabated in 2014. This is despite repeated announcements from Chinese authorities that constructive measures have been undertaken to conform to accepted ethical standards. While there is unanimous agreement on the unethical nature of using organs from ...
Jones Christina C Ward 4E, Whiston Hospital, Prescot, - - 2014
The third international conference on intensive care unit (ICU) diaries and intensive aftercare took place in Norrköping, Sweden, on 28 November 2013. The conference was organized by Carl Bäckman and colleagues, Vrinnevi Hospital and NOFI, and represented by Sissell Storli. More than 100 clinicians from across Europe and the USA ...
Verspoor Karin K University of Melbourne karin.verspoor@unimelb.edu.au - - 2014
The ISMB Special Interest Group on Linking Literature, Information and Knowledge for Biology (BioLINK) organized a one-day workshop at ISMB/ECCB 2013 in Berlin, Germany. The theme of the workshop was "Roles for text mining in biomedical knowledge discovery and translational medicine". This summary reviews the outcomes of the workshop. Meeting ...
Coleman Carl H - - 2014
Developing countries face numerous barriers to conducting effective and efficient ethics reviews of international collaborative research. In addition to potentially overlooking important scientific and ethical considerations, inadequate or insufficiently trained ethics committees may insist on unwarranted changes to protocols that can impair a study's scientific or ethical validity. Moreover, poorly ...
Moon Margaret R MR Berman Institute of Bioethics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ethics curricula are nearly universal in residency training programs, but the content and delivery methods are not well described, and there is still a relative paucity of literature evaluating the effect of ethics curricula. Several commentators have called for more ethics curriculum development at the postgraduate level, and specifically in ...
- - 2014
The Malaria Policy Advisory Committee to the World Health Organization (WHO) held its fifth meeting in Geneva, Switzerland from 12 to 14 March 2014. This article provides a summary of the discussions, conclusions and recommendations from that meeting.Meeting sessions covered: maintaining universal coverage of long-lasting insecticidal nets; combining indoor residual ...
Zuberbier T T Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Allergy-Centre-Charité, Charité - University Hospital Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
This methods report describes the process of guideline development in detail. It is the result of a systematic literature review using the 'Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation' (GRADE) methodology and a structured consensus conference held on 28 and 29 November 2012, in Berlin. It is a joint initiative ...
Goldman Daniel D Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience Institute, Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA - - 2014
The RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology in Kobe, Japan, hosted a meeting entitled 'Regeneration of Organs: Programming and Self-Organization' in March, 2014. Scientists from across the globe met to discuss current research on regeneration, organ morphogenesis and self-organization - and the links between these fields. A diverse range of experimental ...
Adesina Adekunle M AM African Pathologists' Summit Working - - 2014
Context .- This report presents the proceedings of the African Pathologists Summit, held under the auspices of the African Organization for Research and Training in Cancer. Objectives .- To deliberate on the challenges and constraints of the practice of pathology in Sub-Saharan Africa and the avenues for addressing them. Participants ...
Drolet Marie-Josée MJ Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, 3351 boul. des Forges, C.P. 500, Trois-Rivières, Québec, G9A 5H7, Canada, - - 2014
In the past, several researchers in the field of physiotherapy have asserted that physiotherapy clinicians rarely use ethical knowledge to solve ethical issues raised by their practice. Does this assertion still hold true? Do the theoretical frameworks used by researchers and clinicians allow them to analyze thoroughly the ethical issues ...
Louis Elan D ED From the GH Sergievsky Center, the Department of Neurology, and the Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, College of Physicians and Surgeons, and the Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY. - - 2014
To review membership application materials (especially rejected applications) to the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) during its formative years (1947-1953).METHODS: Detailed study of materials in the AAN Historical Collection.RESULTS: The author identified 73 rejected applications. Rejected applicants (71 male, 2 female) lived in 25 states. The largest number was for ...
Doshi Jasmine Khandhar JK , Toronto Rehab, Toronto, - - 2014
Objective: The purposes of this manuscript are to create awareness of problems of accessibility at meetings and conferences for people with disabilities, and to provide a checklist for organizers of conferences to make the event more accessible to people with disabilities. Methods: We conducted a search of the grey literature ...
Hill Colin C Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, - - 2014
An expert panel was convened in October 2013 by the International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) to discuss the field of probiotics. It is now 13 years since the definition of probiotics and 12 years after guidelines were published for regulators, scientists and industry by the Food and ...
Bedoui Houssem Eddine HE Islamic Development Bank, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, - - 2014
Business performance is traditionally viewed from the one-dimensional financial angle. This paper develops a new approach that links performance to the ethical vision of Islam based on maqasid al-shari'ah (i.e., the objectives of Islamic law). The approach involves a Pentagon-shaped performance scheme structure via five pillars, namely wealth, posterity, intellect, ...
Thompson L Chesney LC Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, and Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana; and the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New - - 2014
The Society for Academic Specialists in General Obstetrics and Gynecology was recently formed to meet the professional needs of general obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) in academic settings. Historically there has been little communication and poor networking among this group, largely as a result of lack of infrastructure. Until the Society for Academic ...
Forrester Kim - - 2014
The Commonwealth government, as a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, is committed to the equal recognition, before the law, of persons with disability. Consistent with the obligations imposed under the Convention, the Commonwealth government has initiated an inquiry and report from the ...
Kreuter Michael M Dept of Pneumology and Respiratory Critical Care Medicine, Thoraxklinik, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. Group Practice and Respiratory, Allergology and Sleep Unit, Maingau Hospital, Frankfurt, Germany. Division of Respirology, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Canada - - 2014
In 2011, revised international guidelines were issued jointly by the American Thoracic Society, the European Respiratory Society, the Japanese Respiratory Society and the Latin American Thoracic Association, which provide a valuable framework for the diagnosis and management of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, due to the complexity of IPF, these ...
Boehncke Wolf-Henning WH From the Department of Dermatology, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Dermatology, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland; and Comprehensive Center for Inflammation Medicine, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.W-H. Boehncke, MD, Department of Dermatology, Geneva University Hospital; B. Kirby, MD, Department of Dermatology, St. Vincent's University Hospital; D. Thaci, MD, Comprehensive Center for Inflammation Medicine, University of Lübeck. - - 2014
The Group for Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis (GRAPPA) organized its second Fellows Symposium adjacent to the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV) congress in Istanbul in October 2013. Wolf-Henning Boehncke from Geneva, Brian Kirby from Dublin, and Diamant Thaci from Lübeck formed the faculty. The ...
Stewart John E JE Evolution, Complexity and Cognition group, Center Leo Apostel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Krijgskundestraat 33, B-1160 Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two great trends are evident in the evolution of life on Earth: towards increasing diversification and towards increasing integration. Diversification has spread living processes across the planet, progressively increasing the range of environments and free energy sources exploited by life. Integration has proceeded through a stepwise process in which living ...
Moroney James V JV Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, 70803, USA, - - 2014
The articles in this special issue of Photosynthesis Research arose from the presentations given at the Eighth International Symposium on Inorganic Carbon Uptake by Aquatic Photosynthetic Organisms held from May 27 to June 1, 2013 in New Orleans, Louisiana USA. The meeting covered all the aspects of CO2 concentrating mechanisms ...
Travis Mitchell M School of Law, University of Exeter, Rennes Drive, Exeter EX4 4RJ, UK - - 2014
This article questions how legal personhood is constructed by law. Elective amputation is used as a way of interrogating the institutional, material, and discursive relations that combine in order to suspend legal personhood. Elective amputation is introduced in terms of medical and psychological explanations. Additionally, the perspective of self-identified elective ...
Stern Eric J EJ University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Electronic address: - - 2014
The ACR, the European Society of Radiology, and the International Society of Radiology held the first joint Global Summit on Radiological Quality and Safety in May 2013. The program was divided into 3 day-long themes: appropriateness of imaging, radiation protection/infrastructure, and quality and safety. Participants came from global organizations, including ...
Finch Gregory G Pfizer, Inc., Groton, Connecticut, - - 2014
The use of nanotechnology in medicine holds great promise for revolutionizing a variety of therapies. The past decade witnessed dramatic advancements in scientific research in nanomedicines, although significant challenges still exist in nanomedicine design, characterization, development, and manufacturing. In March 2013, a two-day symposium "Nanomedicines: Charting a Roadmap to Commercialization," ...
Matsuno Koichiro K Nagaoka University of Technology Nagaoka 940-2188, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Any surviving organism is unique in abstracting and holding its self-identity as experiencing and processing different individual events of a concrete nature. The organism that can survive maintains its self-identity as abstracting its own durability as a class property out of those different individual events to be met and processed. ...
Zuberbier T T Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Allergy-Centre-Charité, Charité - University Hospital Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
This guideline is the result of a systematic literature review using the 'Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation' (GRADE) methodology and a structured consensus conference held on 28 and 29 November 2012, in Berlin. It is a joint initiative of the Dermatology Section of the European Academy of Allergy ...
Daugherty Biddison Elizabeth L EL Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States ; - - 2014
Introduction: Pandemic influenza or other crises causing mass respiratory failure could easily overwhelm current North American critical care capacity. This threat has generated large-scale federal, state, and local efforts to prepare for a public health disaster. Few, however, have systematically engaged the public regarding what values are most important in ...
Namm Jukes P JP Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Medicine, 5841 S. Maryland Avenue, MC 6040, Chicago, IL, USA, - - 2014
As surgery grew to become a respected medical profession in the eighteenth century, medical ethics emerged as a response to the growing need to protect patients and maintain the public's trust in physicians. The early influences of John Gregory and Thomas Percival were instrumental in the formulation of patient-centered medical ...
Almassi Ben - - 2014
Several recent publications in biomedical ethics argue that organ donation is generally morally obligatory and failure to do so is morally indefensible. Arguments for this moral conclusion tend to be of two kinds: arguments from fairness and arguments from easy rescue. While I agree that many of us have a ...
Riiser Kirsti K Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Norway; Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, - - 2014
There are important ethical issues to be examined before launching any public health intervention, particularly when targeting vulnerable groups. The aim of this article is to identify and discuss ethical concerns that may arise when intervening for health behavior change among adolescents identified as overweight. These concerns originate from an ...
Testa Giuliano G Annette C. and Harold C. Simmons Transplant Institute, Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas, 3410 Worth Street, Suite 950, Dallas, TX, 75246, USA, - - 2014
The ethics of the clinical practice of transplanting human organs for end-stage organ disease is a fascinating topic. Who is the "owner" of the transplantable organs of a deceased, brain-dead patient? Who should have a right to receive these organs? Who set the boundaries between a living donor's autonomy and ...
Han Hyemin H Graduate School of Education, Stanford University, 485 Lasuen Mall, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA, - - 2014
This essay develops a new conceptual framework of science and engineering ethics education based on virtue ethics and positive psychology. Virtue ethicists and positive psychologists have argued that current rule-based moral philosophy, psychology, and education cannot effectively promote students' moral motivation for actual moral behavior and may even lead to ...
Assasi Nazila N Programs for Assessment of Technology in Health (PATH) Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
Despite the advances made in the development of ethical frameworks for health technology assessment (HTA), there is no clear agreement on the scope and details of a practical approach to address ethical aspects in HTA. This systematic review aimed to identify existing guidance documents for incorporation of ethics in HTA ...
Lyon Ho H Department of Pathology 134, Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen , Kettegard Alle 30, DK-2650 Hvidovre, Copenhagen , - - 2014
Abstract In the 15(th) issue of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC), under the heading of Regulatory affairs, the Biological Stain Commission's International Affairs Committee presents information from the plenary meetings of the International Standards Organization ISO/TC 212 Clinical laboratory testing and in vitro diagnostic test systems held on ...
Pratt Bridget B Johns Hopkins University (USA) University of Melbourne - - 2014
A review was conducted of English-language peer-reviewed and gray literature on health and ethics written by authors from Bangladesh, China, India, and Pakistan. This was supplemented by the knowledge of co-authors who are involved in bioethics capacity building in these countries. Of the identified literature that focused on the application ...
Abrams Darryl C - - 2014
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can serve as a bridge to recovery in cases of acute reversible illness, a bridge to transplantation in circumstances of irreversible cardiac or respiratory failure, a bridge to ventricular assist device therapy in select cases of cardiac failure, or a bridge to decision when the prognosis ...
Glassman Peter A PA VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, 11301 Wilshire Blvd., Mail Stop 111G, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA. - - 2014
Decisions to control pharmaceutical costs can cause conflicts as to what medications are covered. Such conflicts have ethical implications, however implicit, and given this fact, an ethical framework can help address them. In the following commentary, we discuss the more traditional, individual-level ethical considerations likely familiar to most clinicians. We, ...
Ten Have Marieke M Netherlands Centre for Ethics and Health (CEG) and the Dutch Council for Public Health and Health Care (RVZ), The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Programs to prevent overweight and obesity are needed in order to improve individual and public health, to support informed choice and to diminish the societal costs associated with overweight. However, lifestyle interventions frequently evoke ethical debate. The potential ethical pitfalls that arise with respect to the prevention of overweight regard ...
Parikh P M PM SAARC Federation of Oncology, Mumbai, - - 2014
The office of the Drugs Controller General (India) vide order dated 19 th November 2013 has made audio visual (AV) recording of the informed consent mandatory for the conduct of all clinical trials in India. We therefore developed a standard operating procedure (SOP) to ensure that this is performed in ...
de Gil Marina Padilla MP Salvadorean Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, San Salvador, El Salvador. Electronic address: - - 2014
Unsafe abortion is a very important public health issue in the Central America and Caribbean region, where the use of modern contraceptive methods remains low and the restrictive legal framework reduces access to safe abortion. The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Initiative for the Prevention of Unsafe Abortion ...
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