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Cao Gui Hong GH Department of Philosophy and the History of Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Brinellvägen 32, 100 44, Stockholm, Sweden, - - 2014
Ethics education has become essential in modern engineering. Ethics education in engineering has been increasingly implemented worldwide. It can improve ethical behaviors in technology and engineering design under the guidance of the philosophy of technology. Hence, this study aims to compare China-US engineering ethics education in Sino-Western philosophies of technology ...
Schachter Steven C SC Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, USA; Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, USA; Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, USA; Consortia for Improving Medicine with Innovation & Technology, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article is part of a Special 15th Anniversary Issue.
Emoto Noriaki N Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Kobe Pharmaceutical University, Kobe, Japan; Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Thirteenth International Conference on Endothelin (ET-13) was held from September 8-11, 2013 in Tokyo, Japan chaired by Noriaki Emoto, Kobe Pharmaceutical University, Japan, and Takashi Miyauchi, University of Tsukuba, Japan and held on the Tokyo Campus of Tsukuba University. The International Conferences on Endothelin were launched in December of ...
Arnason Vilhjálmur V Department of Philosophy and Centre for Ethics, School of Humanities, University of Iceland, 101, Reykjavík, Iceland, - - 2014
Three arguments of Habermas against "liberal eugenics"-the arguments from consent, responsibility, and instrumentalization-are critically evaluated and explicated in the light of his discourse ethics and social theory. It is argued that these arguments move partly at a too deep level and are in part too individualistic and psychological to sufficiently ...
Fan Yinghui Y Department of Mechatronic Engineering, College of Engineering, Shantou University, University Road 243, Shantou, Guangdong Province, 515063, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
At Shantou University (STU) in 2008, a stand-alone engineering ethics course was first included within a Conceive-Design-Implement-Operate (CDIO) curriculum to address the scarcity of engineering ethics education in China. The philosophy of the course design is to help students to develop an in-depth understanding of social sustainability and to fulfill ...
Mirimanoff René-Olivier RO Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Lausanne Medical Center , Lausanne, - - 2014
Approximately, twenty years ago, the Rare Cancer Network (RCN) was formed in Lausanne, Switzerland, to support the study of rare malignancies. The RCN has grown over the years and now includes 130 investigators from twenty-four nations on six continents. The network held its first international symposium in Nice, France, on ...
Gandjour Afschin A Frankfurt School of Finance and Management, Sonnemannstr. 9-11, 60314, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, - - 2014
One of the major ethical concerns regarding cost-effectiveness analysis in health care has been the inclusion of life-extension costs ("it is cheaper to let people die"). For this reason, many analysts have opted to rule out life-extension costs from the analysis. However, surprisingly little has been written in the health ...
Green Ronald M - - 2014
Last year, President Obama launched the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies Initiative with the goal of developing new technologies for studying the brain's functioning, right down to the cellular level. The President subsequently asked the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues to develop "a core set of ...
McCain Roger A RA Department of Economics and International Business,Lebow College of Business, Drexel University,Philadelphia, - - 2014
This commentary suggests (1) that there are precedents for Smaldino's "collaboration" in the history of economic thought before 1900 and (2) that the distinction of collaboration from what is thought of as cooperation in game theory is less clear than Smaldino suggests.
- - 2014
This concise and readable set of editorial guidelines was first published by the European Association of Science Editors (EASE) in 2010 and is updated annually. It is freely available in more than 20 languages at http://ease.org.uk/publications/author-guidelines. The document is aimed to help scientists worldwide in successful presentation of their research ...
González-de Paz Luis L Les Corts Primary Health Care Centre, Transverse Group for Research in Primary Care-IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain, - - 2014
Normative ethics includes ethical behaviour health care professionals should uphold in daily practice. This study assessed the degree to which primary health care (PHC) professionals endorse a set of ethical standards from these norms. Health care professionals from an urban area participated in a cross-sectional study. Data were collected using ...
Tuijn Saskia M SM O&I, IGZ, Utrecht, The - - 2014
We examined the effect of two interventions on both the reliability and validity of regulatory judgments: adjusting the regulatory instrument and attending a consensus meeting. We adjusted the regulatory instrument. With a randomized controlled trial (RCT) we examined the effect of the adjustments we made to the instrument. In the ...
Todd Nicholas V NV 180 Portland Road, Sandyford, Newcastle upon Tyne , - - 2014
This article discusses the principles of the law in relation to informed consent as applied to neurosurgical practice. Patient autonomy, forms of consent, capacity to consent, the nature of information that should be given to patients, the level of information given, alternatives to treatment, which doctor should consent and when, ...
Nurok Michael M Department of Anesthesiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10021, USA; Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70(th) St., New York, NY 10021, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess anesthesiologists' familiarity with the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) and American College of Surgeons (ACS) guidelines on Advance Directives in the perioperative setting. Single-center, 4-question anonymous survey. Urban academic medical center. Up to 34 subjects responded to each question. Familiarity with the ASA and ACS guidelines on Advance ...
Bailey Drew H DH Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA - - 2014
Social norms that regulate reproductive and marital decisions generate impressive cross-cultural variation in the prevalence of kin marriages. In some societies, marriages among kin are the norm and this inbreeding creates intensive kinship networks concentrated within communities. In others, especially forager societies, most marriages are between more genealogically and geographically ...
Rescorla Leslie A LA a Bryn Mawr - - 2014
Parent-teacher cross-informant agreement, although usually modest, may provide important clinical information. Using data for 27,962 children from 21 societies, we asked the following: (a) Do parents report more problems than teachers, and does this vary by society, age, gender, or type of problem? (b) Does parent-teacher agreement vary across different ...
Hansberry D R DR From the Departments of Radiology (D.R.H., S.F.G., S.R.B.) and Neurological Surgery (N.A.), New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, New - - 2014
The ubiquitous use of the Internet by the public in an attempt to better understand their health care requires the on-line resources written at an appropriate level to maximize comprehension for the average user. The National Institutes of Health and the American Medical Association recommend on-line patient education resources written ...
Lederman Zohar Z The Centre for Biomedical Ethics, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore, - - 2014
In a recent article, Joel Marks presents the amoralist argument against vivisection, or animal laboratory experimentation. He argues that ethical theories that seek to uncover some universal morality are in fact useless and unnecessary for ethical deliberations meant to determine what constitutes an appropriate action in a specific circumstance. I ...
Scamell Mandie - - 2014
Using ethnographic data lifted from an investigation into midwifery talk and practice in the South of England, this paper sets out to interrogate the ethics underpinning current admission policy for Free Standing (midwifery led) Birth Centres in the UK. The aim of this interrogation is to contest the grounds upon ...
Zúñiga-Fajuri Alejandra - - 2014
The scope of this study is to question the fact that in some countries in Latin America (Chile, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras and the Dominican Republic) abortion is still forbidden in all situations. Even after all the debate on this thorny issue, the theory of human rights is not often ...
Watanabe Mirian M University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Experimental animal models offer possibilities of physiology knowledge, pathogenesis of disease and action of drugs that are directly related to quality nursing care. This integrative review describes the current state of the instrumental and ethical aspects of experimental research with animal models, including the main recommendations of ethics committees that ...
Daly Louise L Assistant Professor at the School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College - - 2014
Ethical nursing practice is an important component of quality dementia care. To be ethically competent, and to acquire the language, knowledge and skills required to explore and resolve ethical dilemmas in practice, the nurse needs an understanding of ethics and of the theory behind ethical decision-making. Traditional theories of ethics ...
Shook John R - - 2014
Neuroethics applies cognitive neuroscience for prescribing alterations to conceptions of self and society, and for prescriptively judging the ethical applications of neurotechnologies. Plentiful normative premises are available to ground such prescriptivity, however prescriptive neuroethics may remain fragmented by social conventions, cultural ideologies, and ethical theories. Herein we offer that an ...
Brown Laura S LS a Fremont Community Therapy Project , Seattle , Washington , - - 2014
Laura S. Brown, PhD, is a clinical and forensic psychologist in independent practice in Seattle, Washington. The bulk of her scholarly work has been in the fields of feminist therapy theory, trauma treatment, lesbian and gay issues, assessment and diagnosis, ethics and standards of care in psychotherapy, and cultural competence. ...
Mercado-Salas Nancy F NF El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR). Unidad Chetumal. Av. Centenario Km. 5.5. Chetumal, Quintana Roo 77014. - - 2014
The freshwater copepod genus Eucyclops contains many supposedly cosmopolitan species whose taxonomic status is still under discussion; some of them represent species complexes. The problem is not exclusive to these widespread species; there are several American Eucyclops needing a taxonomic re-evaluation. Based on the examination of Friedrich Kiefer's collection in ...
Bannuru Raveendhara R RR Center for Treatment Comparison and Integrative Analysis, Division of Rheumatology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.; Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.; Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.. Electronic address: - - 2014
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) 2013 guidelines for knee osteoarthritis recommended against the use of viscosupplementation for failing to meet the criterion of minimum clinically important improvement (MCII). However, the AAOS's methodology contained numerous flaws in obtaining, displaying, and interpreting MCII-based results. The current state of research on ...
Slager David L DL Department of Biology & Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture, University of Washington, Box 351800, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA; Email: - - 2014
The genus Spizella (Bonaparte) contains seven species of North American sparrows in the recently resurrected family Passerellidae (Bock 1994; Barker et al. 2013), formerly placed in the Emberizidae, and includes a few of the region's most common and familiar bird species. Spizella sparrows occupy more or less open habitats; most ...
Balarajan Yarlini Y Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
To examine what factors influence the agenda-setting process and level of political priority afforded to micronutrient deficiencies (MNDs). Qualitative case study employing process tracing, informed by primary data collected from semistructured interviews with policymakers. Dakar, Senegal. Several facilitating and impeding factors affecting the level of political prioritisation for MNDs were ...
Riva Michele Augusto MA University of Milano Bicocca Chair, ICOH SC on History. - - 2014
The Fifth International Conference on the History of Occupational and Environmental Health took place at the Erasmus University Medical Centre (Erasmus MC) in Rotterdam (The Netherlands) on April 24th and 25th, 2014.  The Conference was organized by the Yellow Factory, the Erasmus University and the Arnold Leuftink Foundation, with the ...
Sweet Lisa L Division of Palliative Care, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Bruyère Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2013
Delirium occurs commonly in settings of palliative care (PC), in which patient vulnerability in the unique context of end-of-life care and delirium-associated impairment of decision-making capacity may together present many ethical challenges. Based on deliberations at the Studies to Understand Delirium in Palliative Care Settings (SUNDIPS) meeting and an associated ...
Goldberg Ross F RF Department of Surgery, Maricopa Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ, - - 2013
The Public Policy & Advocacy Committee sponsored the panel on the topic of "Will There Be a General Surgeon When You Need One?" at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the SSAT. The panel of experts was convened to formulate recommendations to help general surgeons adapt to the changing landscape which ...
Kaebnick Gregory E - - 2013
This issue of the Report is far ranging, with essays on the nature of the U.S. government's responsibility toward Indian tribes, a medical school's commitment toward applicants who are immigrants, the difficulty of developing a transparent national registry of clinical trials, and the ethical problems embedded in the topic of ...
Johnston D - - 2013
The sixth Annual International Partnering Conference, Biopharm America 2013, took full advantage of its setting in Boston, Massachusetts, home of perhaps the greatest concentration of academic institutions in the U.S., if not the world. With a keynote address from a systems biologist from Harvard University, a networking reception at the ...
Buechner Bianca - - 2013
On 30 April 2013, the German Ethics Council ('Council') published its opinion on 'The future of genetic diagnostics-from research to clinical application' ('the Opinion'). The Council was asked by the German government to discuss the future of genetic diagnostic methods in relation to the current applicable laws and regulations as ...
Toner Kaitlin - - 2013
Accusations of entrenched political partisanship have been launched against both conservatives and liberals. But is feeling superior about one's beliefs a partisan issue? Two competing hypotheses exist: the rigidity-of-the-right hypothesis (i.e., conservatives are dogmatic) and the ideological-extremism hypothesis (i.e., extreme views on both sides predict dogmatism). We measured 527 Americans' ...
Marks Joel J University of New Haven, West Haven, USA, - - 2013
The use of other animals for human purposes is as contentious an issue as one is likely to find in ethics. And this is so not only because there are both passionate defenders and opponents of such use, but also because even among the latter there are adamant and diametric ...
Weinstock Daniel - - 2013
Freedom of Conscience and Freedom of Religion should be taken to protect two distinct sets of moral considerations. The former protects the ability of the agent to reflect critically upon the moral and political issues that arise in her society generally, and in her professional life more specifically. The latter ...
Alzaid Aus - - 2013
Abstract International experts in the fields of diabetes, diabetes technology, endocrinology, and pediatrics gathered for the 6(th) Annual Symposium on Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose (SMBG) Applications and beyond. The aim of this meeting was to continue setting up a global network of experts in this field and provide an international ...
Ritaccio Anthony A Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
The Fourth International Workshop on Advances in Electrocorticography (ECoG) convened in New Orleans, LA, on October 11-12, 2012. The proceedings of the workshop serves as an accurate record of the most contemporary clinical and experimental work on brain surface recording and represents the insights of a unique multidisciplinary ensemble of ...
Lussier Yves A - - 2013
A report on the 21st Annual International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology (ISMB) and 12th European Conference on Computational Biology (ECCB), held in Berlin, Germany, July 21-23, 2013.
Kavanaugh Megan L - - 2013
The objective of this research was to examine individuals' knowledge about abortion in the context of their knowledge about other sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues, including contraception, abortion, pregnancy, and birth. During August 2012, we administered an online questionnaire to a randomly selected sample of 639 men and women ...
McMahan Jeff - - 2013
The aim of this essay is to show that there are no easy options for those who are disturbed by the suggestion that infanticide may on occasion be morally permissible. The belief that infanticide is always wrong is doubtfully compatible with a range of widely shared moral beliefs that underlie ...
McGee Andrew - - 2013
In their controversial paper 'After-birth abortion', Alberto Giubilini and Francesca Minerva argue that there is no rational basis for allowing abortion but prohibiting infanticide ('after-birth abortion'). We ought in all consistency either to allow both or prohibit both. This paper rejects their claim, arguing that much-neglected considerations in philosophical discussions ...
Feuerstein J D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Guidelines published by the international gastroenterology societies establish standards of care and seek to improve patient outcomes. AIM: We examined inflammatory bowel disease guidelines (IBD) for quality of evidence, methods of grading evidence and conflicts of interest (COI). METHODS: All 182 guidelines published by the American College of Gastroenterology, ...
Stone Richard M - - 2013
2012 American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting Atlanta, GA, USA, 8-11 December 2012 The American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting includes physicians, scientists, administrators, medical students, graduate students, allied health professionals and exhibitors. This year's meeting was held in Atlanta, GA, USA. Presentations included a wide variety of topics in ...
Sobel Mark E - - 2013
This article highlights the ASIP Centennial Celebration, marking the formation of one of its two predecessor societies, the American Society for Experimental Pathology (ASEP).
Ozturk Naim N Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA. - - 2013
To assess current education, practices, attitudes, and perceptions pertaining to ethics and professionalism in medical physics. A link to a web-based survey was distributed to the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) e-mail membership list, with a follow-up e-mail sent two weeks later. The survey included questions about ethics/professionalism ...
Chuback Jennifer E JE Department of Surgery, McMaster University, Canada. - - 2013
Internationally, plastic surgery societies have placed an increasing emphasis on the importance of evidence-based medicine. The authors aimed to categorize levels of evidence of podium presentations at three major North American plastic surgical meetings, and to assess the factors associated with a higher level evidence. Presentations at the 2010/2011 meetings ...
Eloy Jean Anderson - - 2013
Malpractice litigation contributes to rising health care costs in the United States. The role of expert witness testimony has been controversial in the past, with medical professional societies issuing statements regarding ethical obligations of physicians. Our objectives were to examine the relative qualifications of expert witnesses testifying on behalf of ...
Cole Alexander Putnam - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is broad consensus that disclosure of harmful medical errors is vital to improve safety and is ethically required. Although most physicians-in-training are taught ethics, there have been no empirical studies on whether ethical reasoning is related to disclosure. We examined whether scores on a test of ethical reasoning ...
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