Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 227
1 2 3 4 5 >
Zúñiga-Fajuri Alejandra - - 2014
The scope of this study is to question the fact that in some countries in Latin America (Chile, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras and the Dominican Republic) abortion is still forbidden in all situations. Even after all the debate on this thorny issue, the theory of human rights is not often ...
Watanabe Mirian M University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Experimental animal models offer possibilities of physiology knowledge, pathogenesis of disease and action of drugs that are directly related to quality nursing care. This integrative review describes the current state of the instrumental and ethical aspects of experimental research with animal models, including the main recommendations of ethics committees that ...
Daly Louise L Assistant Professor at the School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College - - 2014
Ethical nursing practice is an important component of quality dementia care. To be ethically competent, and to acquire the language, knowledge and skills required to explore and resolve ethical dilemmas in practice, the nurse needs an understanding of ethics and of the theory behind ethical decision-making. Traditional theories of ethics ...
Shook John R - - 2014
Neuroethics applies cognitive neuroscience for prescribing alterations to conceptions of self and society, and for prescriptively judging the ethical applications of neurotechnologies. Plentiful normative premises are available to ground such prescriptivity, however prescriptive neuroethics may remain fragmented by social conventions, cultural ideologies, and ethical theories. Herein we offer that an ...
Bannuru Raveendhara R RR Center for Treatment Comparison and Integrative Analysis, Division of Rheumatology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.; Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.; Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.. Electronic address: - - 2014
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) 2013 guidelines for knee osteoarthritis recommended against the use of viscosupplementation for failing to meet the criterion of minimum clinically important improvement (MCII). However, the AAOS's methodology contained numerous flaws in obtaining, displaying, and interpreting MCII-based results. The current state of research on ...
Brown Laura S LS a Fremont Community Therapy Project , Seattle , Washington , - - 2014
Laura S. Brown, PhD, is a clinical and forensic psychologist in independent practice in Seattle, Washington. The bulk of her scholarly work has been in the fields of feminist therapy theory, trauma treatment, lesbian and gay issues, assessment and diagnosis, ethics and standards of care in psychotherapy, and cultural competence. ...
Sweet Lisa L Division of Palliative Care, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Bruyère Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2013
Delirium occurs commonly in settings of palliative care (PC), in which patient vulnerability in the unique context of end-of-life care and delirium-associated impairment of decision-making capacity may together present many ethical challenges. Based on deliberations at the Studies to Understand Delirium in Palliative Care Settings (SUNDIPS) meeting and an associated ...
Goldberg Ross F RF Department of Surgery, Maricopa Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ, - - 2013
The Public Policy & Advocacy Committee sponsored the panel on the topic of "Will There Be a General Surgeon When You Need One?" at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the SSAT. The panel of experts was convened to formulate recommendations to help general surgeons adapt to the changing landscape which ...
Kaebnick Gregory E - - 2013
This issue of the Report is far ranging, with essays on the nature of the U.S. government's responsibility toward Indian tribes, a medical school's commitment toward applicants who are immigrants, the difficulty of developing a transparent national registry of clinical trials, and the ethical problems embedded in the topic of ...
Johnston D - - 2013
The sixth Annual International Partnering Conference, Biopharm America 2013, took full advantage of its setting in Boston, Massachusetts, home of perhaps the greatest concentration of academic institutions in the U.S., if not the world. With a keynote address from a systems biologist from Harvard University, a networking reception at the ...
Buechner Bianca - - 2013
On 30 April 2013, the German Ethics Council ('Council') published its opinion on 'The future of genetic diagnostics-from research to clinical application' ('the Opinion'). The Council was asked by the German government to discuss the future of genetic diagnostic methods in relation to the current applicable laws and regulations as ...
Marks Joel - - 2013
The use of other animals for human purposes is as contentious an issue as one is likely to find in ethics. And this is so not only because there are both passionate defenders and opponents of such use, but also because even among the latter there are adamant and diametric ...
Toner Kaitlin - - 2013
Accusations of entrenched political partisanship have been launched against both conservatives and liberals. But is feeling superior about one's beliefs a partisan issue? Two competing hypotheses exist: the rigidity-of-the-right hypothesis (i.e., conservatives are dogmatic) and the ideological-extremism hypothesis (i.e., extreme views on both sides predict dogmatism). We measured 527 Americans' ...
Weinstock Daniel - - 2013
Freedom of Conscience and Freedom of Religion should be taken to protect two distinct sets of moral considerations. The former protects the ability of the agent to reflect critically upon the moral and political issues that arise in her society generally, and in her professional life more specifically. The latter ...
Alzaid Aus - - 2013
Abstract International experts in the fields of diabetes, diabetes technology, endocrinology, and pediatrics gathered for the 6(th) Annual Symposium on Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose (SMBG) Applications and beyond. The aim of this meeting was to continue setting up a global network of experts in this field and provide an international ...
Ritaccio Anthony - - 2013
The Fourth International Workshop on Advances in Electrocorticography (ECoG) convened in New Orleans, LA, on October 11-12, 2012. The proceedings of the workshop serves as an accurate record of the most contemporary clinical and experimental work on brain surface recording and represents the insights of a unique multidisciplinary ensemble of ...
Lussier Yves A - - 2013
A report on the 21st Annual International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology (ISMB) and 12th European Conference on Computational Biology (ECCB), held in Berlin, Germany, July 21-23, 2013.
Kavanaugh Megan L - - 2013
The objective of this research was to examine individuals' knowledge about abortion in the context of their knowledge about other sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues, including contraception, abortion, pregnancy, and birth. During August 2012, we administered an online questionnaire to a randomly selected sample of 639 men and women ...
McMahan Jeff - - 2013
The aim of this essay is to show that there are no easy options for those who are disturbed by the suggestion that infanticide may on occasion be morally permissible. The belief that infanticide is always wrong is doubtfully compatible with a range of widely shared moral beliefs that underlie ...
McGee Andrew - - 2013
In their controversial paper 'After-birth abortion', Alberto Giubilini and Francesca Minerva argue that there is no rational basis for allowing abortion but prohibiting infanticide ('after-birth abortion'). We ought in all consistency either to allow both or prohibit both. This paper rejects their claim, arguing that much-neglected considerations in philosophical discussions ...
Feuerstein J D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Guidelines published by the international gastroenterology societies establish standards of care and seek to improve patient outcomes. AIM: We examined inflammatory bowel disease guidelines (IBD) for quality of evidence, methods of grading evidence and conflicts of interest (COI). METHODS: All 182 guidelines published by the American College of Gastroenterology, ...
Stone Richard M - - 2013
2012 American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting Atlanta, GA, USA, 8-11 December 2012 The American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting includes physicians, scientists, administrators, medical students, graduate students, allied health professionals and exhibitors. This year's meeting was held in Atlanta, GA, USA. Presentations included a wide variety of topics in ...
Chuback Jennifer E - - 2013
: Internationally, plastic surgery societies have placed an increasing emphasis on the importance of evidence-based medicine. The authors aimed to categorize levels of evidence of podium presentations at three major North American plastic surgical meetings, and to assess the factors associated with a higher level evidence. : Presentations at the ...
Sobel Mark E - - 2013
This article highlights the ASIP Centennial Celebration, marking the formation of one of its two predecessor societies, the American Society for Experimental Pathology (ASEP).
Ozturk Naim N Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA. - - 2013
To assess current education, practices, attitudes, and perceptions pertaining to ethics and professionalism in medical physics. A link to a web-based survey was distributed to the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) e-mail membership list, with a follow-up e-mail sent two weeks later. The survey included questions about ethics/professionalism ...
Eloy Jean Anderson - - 2013
Malpractice litigation contributes to rising health care costs in the United States. The role of expert witness testimony has been controversial in the past, with medical professional societies issuing statements regarding ethical obligations of physicians. Our objectives were to examine the relative qualifications of expert witnesses testifying on behalf of ...
Cole Alexander Putnam - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is broad consensus that disclosure of harmful medical errors is vital to improve safety and is ethically required. Although most physicians-in-training are taught ethics, there have been no empirical studies on whether ethical reasoning is related to disclosure. We examined whether scores on a test of ethical reasoning ...
Baumard Nicolas - - 2013
Our discussion of the commentaries begins, at the evolutionary level, with issues raised by our account of the evolution of morality in terms of partner-choice mutualism. We then turn to the cognitive level and the characterization and workings of fairness. In a final section, we discuss the degree to which ...
Slobogean Gerard P - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: To examine the strength of evidence presented at the Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) annual meetings before and after the level of evidence guidelines became popular in the literature. DATA SOURCES:: 10 years of abstracts from OTA podium presentations, pre-guidelines (1998-2002) and post-guidelines (2007-2011). STUDY SELECTION:: All abstracts were blinded ...
Cervantes Ana Natasha - - 2013
Psychiatrists working in corrections, particularly in areas that have a shortage of forensic practitioners, may encounter a variety of ethics-related conflicts, especially when working both as clinicians and forensic evaluators within smaller systems. Such conflicts may include unavoidable dual treating and forensic evaluator relationships, and awareness of information that may ...
da Silva Cintia Rc - - 2013
This paper presents the SLMeetingRoom, a virtual reality online environment to support group meetings of geographically dispersed participants. A prototype was developed to demonstrate the feasibility of the approach using the Second Life platform. Ten additional components had to be added to Second Life environment to support group work essential ...
Mimura Nobuo - - 2013
Sea-level rise is a major effect of climate change. It has drawn international attention, because higher sea levels in the future would cause serious impacts in various parts of the world. There are questions associated with sea-level rise which science needs to answer. To what extent did climate change contribute ...
Howe Edmund G - - 2013
In this special issue of The Journal of Clinical Ethics, different views on both the ethical desirability of women delivering in hospitals or at home with midwives are discussed. What careproviders, including midwives, should recommend to mothers in regard to the place of giving birth is considered. Emotional concerns likely ...
Simon Bernd B Institute of Psychology, Kiel University, - - 2014
Building on theorizing in social and political philosophy the article illuminates the phenomenology of respect and examines its role in intergroup relations. The particular focus is on members of the gay and lesbian community in Germany, their respect experiences, and how these experiences relate to their attitudes towards Muslims. We ...
Deonandan Raywat - - 2012
Reproductive medical tourism is by some accounts a multibillion dollar industry globally. The seeking by clients in high income nations of surrogate mothers in low income nations, particularly India, presents a set of largely unexamined ethical challenges. In this paper, eight such challenges are elucidated to spur discussion and eventual ...
Carragee Eugene J - - 2012
COMMENTARY ON: Blair JA, Patzkowski JC, Schoenfeld AJ, et al. Are spine injuries sustained in battle truly different? Spine J 2012;12:824-9 (in this issue).
Saslow Debbie D Breast and Gynecologic Cancer, Cancer Control Science Department, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA. - - 2012
An update to the American Cancer Society (ACS) guideline regarding screening for the early detection of cervical precancerous lesions and cancer is presented. The guidelines are based on a systematic evidence review, contributions from six working groups, and a recent symposium co-sponsored by the ACS, American Society for Colposcopy and ...
Chervenak Frank A - - 2012
Ethics is an essential dimension of the management of counseling a pregnant woman when a neurologic anomaly is diagnosed. This paper provides an overview of obstetric ethics, with a central focus on the ethical concept of the fetus as a patient. On this basis, the authors analyze the ethical and ...
A Rolnick Joshua - - 2012
Although US federal law requires all American states to permit abortion within their borders, states retain authority to impose restrictions. We used hospital discharge data to study the rates of major abortion complications in 23 states from 2001 to 2008 and their relationship to two laws: (i) restrictions on Medicaid ...
Saslow Debbie - - 2012
An update to the American Cancer Society (ACS) guideline regarding screening for the early detection of cervical precancerous lesions and cancer is presented. The guidelines are based on a systematic evidence review, contributions from 6 working groups, and a recent symposium cosponsored by the ACS, the American Society for Colposcopy ...
Bell David C - - 2012
We propose for social scientists a theoretical toolbox containing a set of motivations that neurobiologists have recently validated. We show how these motivations can be used to create a theory of society recognizably similar to existing stable societies (sustainable, self-reproducing, and largely peaceful). Using this toolbox, we describe society in ...
Weidema F C - - 2012
In moral case deliberation (MCD), healthcare professionals meet to reflect upon their moral questions supported by a structured conversation method and non-directive conversation facilitator. An increasing number of Dutch healthcare institutions work with MCD to (1) deal with moral questions, (2) improve reflection skills, interdisciplinary cooperation and decision-making, and (3) ...
de Vries Maruscha - - 2012
In this article the authors have introduced specific characteristics of the increasingly large group of elderly cancer patients. They have argued that in order to provide good care we should extend our ethical awareness from issues of decision-making to a broader perspective focusing on the care relationship as developed by ...
Reddy Sravanthi - - 2012
The American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) 2011 Annual Scientific Meeting and Post-Graduate Course encompassed a wide range of topics: traumatic and nontraumatic emergencies, radiation dose management, technical innovations and advancements, emergency preparedness, mass casualties, military radiology and teleradiology. This article highlights the scientific and educational abstracts presented at the ...
Krajewska Atina - - 2012
The broad and multifaceted problem of global health law and global health governance has been attracting increasing attention in the last few decades. The global community has failed to establish international legal regime that deals comprehensively with the 'technological revolution'. The latter has posed complex questions to regions of the ...
Budiner L - - 2012
"Securing quality - calling for and encouraging research".From 22nd to 25th February 2012 one of the largest multi-disciplinary cancer congresses took place in Berlin, Germany, attended by more than 10,000 healthcare professionals. "The German Cancer Congress is the only interdisciplinary congress of its kind in Germany and the second largest ...
Duéñez-Guzmán Edgar A - - 2012
Punishment offers a powerful mechanism for the maintenance of cooperation in human and animal societies, but the maintenance of costly punishment itself remains problematic. Game theory has shown that corruption, where punishers can defect without being punished themselves, may sustain cooperation. However, in many human societies and some insect ones, ...
Cartwright Rufus R Institute of Reproductive and Developmental Biology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2012
In late August 2011 the annual ICS meeting returned to Glasgow, for a week of Scottish themed socializing and scientific debate. In this overview of the scientific programme we have tried to highlight some of the themes of the meeting, looking at new directions for continence basic science, and focusing ...
Sandercock Peter P Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Edinburgh,Western General Hospital, Bramwell Dott Building, Edinburgh EH4 2XU, UK. - - 2012
This short narrative review article defines 'negative results' and cites several ethical and scientific reasons why such studies should be made publicly available.
Baeke Goedele - - 2011
Reviewing the publications of prominent American rabbis who have (extensively) published on Jewish biomedical ethics, this article highlights Orthodox, Conservative and Reform opinions on a most pressing contemporary bioethical issue: euthanasia. Reviewing their opinions against the background of the halachic character of Jewish (biomedical) ethics, this article shows how from ...
1 2 3 4 5 >