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Alizadeh Leila L Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The use of donated embryos has offered hope for infertile couples who have no other means to have children. In Iran, fertility centers use fertile couples as embryo donors. In this paper, the advantages and disadvantages of this procedure will be discussed. We conclude that embryo-donation should be performed with ...
Xie Wen-Jie WJ 1] Departmenent of Mathematics, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China [2] School of Business, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, - - 2014
In friendship networks, individuals have different numbers of friends, and the closeness or intimacy between an individual and her friends is heterogeneous. Using a statistical filtering method to identify relationships about who depends on whom, we construct dependence networks (which are directed) from weighted friendship networks of avatars in more ...
Burr Jennifer A - - 2013
Abstract In spite of a trend towards open identity, the ethical issues raised by the removal of anonymity from sperm donors are still contentious and raise controversy about the significance of genetic inheritance and what are often seen as competing rights claims for the children born, for donors and for ...
Tamir Sivan - - 2013
Sperm donors' obligations are typically constrained to the immediate circumstances surrounding the donation and to its time frame. This paper makes the case for recognizing an ongoing ethical obligation that binds sperm donors to disclose, in a timely manner, meaningful genetic information to recipients and donor-conceived children. The paper delineates ...
Brown Ian R - - 2012
A review is provided of the two neuroscience sessions entitled "Stress Responses in the Nervous System" that were presented at the ninth Cell Stress Society International Workshop on the "Molecular Biology of the Stress Response" held in Port Alegre, Brazil, May 27-30, 2012. The sessions were organized and chaired by ...
Hornborg Anne-Christine - - 2012
Detraditionalization in late modernity in Western society has affected the domains of both traditional religion and clinical psychotherapy. Sweden, which is said to be one of the most secularized societies in the world, instead, has allowed the public domain to be colonized by new, spiritualized practices. Sold as therapy, the ...
Armour Kim L - - 2012
Although the birth of a child is typically considered a very happy time for parents, surrogacy is often unchartered territory that can become very stressful for all parties involved. Part of the stress stems from the fact that different states and countries have varying laws and regulations overseeing surrogacy. This ...
Lützén Kim - - 2012
Research on ethical dilemmas in health care has become increasingly salient during the last two decades resulting in confusion about the concept of moral distress. The aim of the present paper is to provide an overview and a comparative analysis of the theoretical understandings of moral distress and related concepts. ...
Hass Aida Y - - 2011
The application of criminal justice sanctions is often misguided by a failure to recognize the need for a comprehensive approach in the transformation of offenders into law-abiding citizens. Restorative justice is a growing movement within criminal justice that recognizes the disconnect between offender rehabilitative measures and the social dynamics within ...
Safeer Richard - - 2011
Abstract The U.S. National Physical Activity Plan was launched in May 2010 with the goal of weaving physical activity into our culture.Physical inactivity has been shown to be a better predictor of death than traditional medical risk factors, costs employers morein lost productivity than tobacco use, causes more deaths than ...
Esmaili Ali - - 2011
We surveyed the members of the Society of Thoracic Radiology regarding their interpretation of and management decision for small pulmonary nodules on computed tomography. We then compared their responses with the published guidelines set forth by the Fleischner Society. A survey consisting of 13 case scenarios in which small pulmonary ...
Shin Cha-Nam - - 2010
This cross-sectional, descriptive study examined factors influencing healthy eating of Korean Americans in a convenience sample of 517 Korean adults in a Midwestern city. Participants completed a self-administered survey written in either English or Korean as their preferences, which measured health, acculturation, healthy eating benefits, barriers, and self-efficacy as well ...
- - 2010
Presents the abstracts from the 2010 Annual meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).
Lisak David - - 2010
The historic and continuing preoccupation with the issue of false rape allegations is embedded in a profound fear of the vulnerability that rape victims represent. That fear leads to an intense need to shun the victim, a shunning that is accomplished most effectively by disbelieving that a rape ever occurred. ...
- - 2010
The regional Psychological Associations each report summaries their annual meetings held in 2010. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).
Jang Sekwon - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Financial conflicts of interest can influence biomedical research. Using data from the American Society of Hematology and the American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meetings, we evaluated the frequency and influence of financial conflicts of interest on economic analyses in oncology. METHODS: We systematically searched for economic analyses among ...
Bradshaw Heather G HG Centre for Ethics in Medicine, University of Bristol, Cotham Hill, Bristol, UK. - - 2010
The transhumanist literature encompasses diverse non-novel positions on questions of disability and obligation reflecting long-running political philosophical debates on freedom and value choice, complicated by the difficulty of projecting values to enhanced beings. These older questions take on a more concrete form given transhumanist uses of biotechnologies. This paper will ...
Dolff Sebastian - - 2010
Renal involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus patients is a severe disease manifestation characterized by various clinical and histopathological alterations. The revised International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society 2003 classification defines the subclasses of lupus nephritis (LN) according to their pathological glomerular patterns, which has a crucial impact on the prognosis ...
Morris Arianwen - - 2010
There is evidence of a link between animal and human abuse so there may be value in cross-reporting between the authorities responsible for investigating suspected cases. A debate called 'Turning a blind eye to abuse?' at this year's BVA Congress considered vets' ability to recognise non-accidental injury in animals and ...
Kyung-Sup Chang - - 2010
Compressed modernity is a civilizational condition in which economic, political, social and/or cultural changes occur in an extremely condensed manner in respect to both time and space, and in which the dynamic coexistence of mutually disparate historical and social elements leads to the construction and reconstruction of a highly complex ...
Cherubini Antonio - - 2010
At the American Geriatrics Society 2008 Annual Meeting, representatives of two geriatric societies, the European Union Geriatric Medicine Societies and the American Geriatrics Society, and two regulatory agencies, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicine Agency, conducted a roundtable discussion aimed at reviewing the participation of older ...
Wallesch C-W - - 2010
The German Society for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Nervous Diseases (DGPPN) and the German Society for Neurology (DGN) have appointed an expert panel to develop guidelines for the diagnosis of and therapy for dementias and to reach a consensus on these guidelines with other relevant societies. These guidelines have now been ...
Brink A J AJ Ampath National Laboratory Services. - - 2010
Tigecycline, the first of a new class of antibiotics, the glycylcyclines, was licensed in South Africa for the parenteral treatment of adult patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs) and complicated skin and soft-tissue infections (cSSTIs). A multidisciplinary meeting representative of the Association of Surgeons of South Africa, the Critical Care ...
Faúndes Anibal - - 2010
An evaluation of the current situation regarding implementation of the plans of action for the prevention of unsafe abortion shows that more than half of the countries selected for the initiative have progressed as planned or have surpassed expectations. The greatest barriers to faster progress have been insufficient resources or ...
Shepard Thomas H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The 49-year history of the Teratology Society is reviewed. An abbreviated history is outlined in table form, with listings of the Warkany Lectures, the Continuing Education Courses, and officers of the society. The original article was updated to include the years 2000 to 2010. METHODS: A year-by-year description of ...
Satiani Bhagwan - - 2010
To determine diversity in the membership and analyze representation of private practitioners and ethnic and racial minorities/women in senior leadership roles in a regional vascular society. The program book distributed at the 2008 annual meeting was used to compile information on membership categories, academic status, gender, and ethnic origin of ...
- - 2010
DUTCH PROFESSIONAL GROUPS INVOLVED IN DRAWING UP THIS GUIDELINE: cardiologists, paediatric cardiologists, clinical geneticists, clinical molecular geneticists, genetic counsellors, psychosocial workers, associated with or cooperating with the university hospitals' outpatient clinics for cardiogenetics.Approved by the NVVC, VKGN and NVK (paediatric cardiology section).NVVC - Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie - Dutch Society ...
Demarin Vida - - 2010
These are evidence based guidelines for the management of patients with carotid stenosis, developed and endorsed by Croatian Society of Neurovascular Disorders, Croatian Society of Neurology, Croatian Society of Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, Croatian Society for Radiology, Croatian Society of Vascular Surgery and Croatian Society of Neurosurgery. They consist ...
Tichy Jiri - - 2010
The Gold Medal is presented in the spring to a member of the Society, without age limitation, for contributions to acoustics. The first Gold Medal was presented in 1954 on the occasion of the Society's Twenty-Fifth Anniversary Celebration and biennially until 1981. It is now an annual award.
McManus Bruce - - 2010
It was 25 years ago when the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology was first organized. The Society has since devoted itself to the advancement of understanding about heart and blood vessel disorders, especially their diagnosis, and for the improvement of prevention, management, and treatment. In this 25 year span, the Society ...
Martin Jennifer H - - 2010
The Review is a welcome and up-to-date consensus statement on the use of vancomycin. Although many of the points are pertinent to Australasian practice, the clinical context may be subtly different such that different recommendations apply here. It is thus an apt time for clinical, biochemical, pharmacological and pathology staff ...
Fortunato L - - 2010
The majority of human societies allow polygynous marriage, and the prevalence of this practice is readily understood in evolutionary terms. Why some societies prescribe monogamous marriage is however not clear: current evolutionary explanations--that social monogamy increases within-group co-operation, giving societies an advantage in competition with other groups--conflict with the historical ...
Berger Jeffrey T - - 2010
Preparations for large-scale disasters have tended to focus on triage schema, stockpiling of materials, and other logistical concerns. Less attention has been given to the myriad of distressing and almost unthinkable ethically charged dilemmas that will emerge at the bedside during a catastrophe, and how they may be best managed. ...
Peterson Paul D - - 2010
The creation of The American Phytopathological Society (APS) in 1908 was a response to the developing professionalism in the biological and agricultural sciences in the United States between 1880 and 1920. During this period, a new generation of plant pathologists emerged in the United States Department of Agriculture, agricultural colleges, ...
Glass Elizabeth - - 2010
This report summarizes the proceedings of the 10th workshop of the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC), held at Argonne National Laboratory, IL, USA. It was the second GSC workshop to have open registration and attracted over 60 participants who worked together to progress the full range of projects ongoing within the ...
Poosti Myram - - 2010
Facial soft tissue cephalometric parameters are specific to each society. These measurements should be considered during planning treatment for orthodontic patients. We establish lateral cephalometric facial soft tissue norms in adolescent boys and girls with normal occlusion in Mashhad in the northeast of Iran, and compare them with those of ...
Gilbert Jack A - - 2010
This report details the outcome the first meeting of the Earth Microbiome Project to discuss sample selection and acquisition. The meeting, held at the Argonne National Laboratory on Wednesday October 6(th) 2010, focused on discussion of how to prioritize environmental samples for sequencing and metagenomic analysis as part of the ...
McAndrew Malia - - 2010
This study examines the careers of African American beauty culturists as they worked in the United States, Europe, and Africa between 1945 and 1965. Facing push back at home, African American beauty entrepreneurs frequently sought out international venues that were hospitable and receptive to black Americans in the years following ...
Johnson Lorraine - - 2010
Flawed clinical practice guidelines may compromise patient care. Commercial conflicts of interest on panels that write treatment guidelines are particularly problematic, because panelists may have conflicting agendas that influence guideline recommendations. Historically, there has been no legal remedy for conflicts of interest on guidelines panels. However, in May 2008, the ...
Fischbach W - - 2009
This guideline updates a prior consensus recommendation of the German Society for Digestive and Metabolic Diseases (DGVS) from 1996. It was developed by an interdisciplinary cooperation with representatives of the German Society for Hygiene and Microbiology, the Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (GPGE), and the German Society for Rheumatology. ...
Renckens Cees N M - - 2009
Discontentment with the massive violations of the influential Dutch Prime Minister's (Johan Rudolf Thorbecke) health laws led to the foundation of the Dutch Society Against Quackery, in 1880. Within a few years, the Society had more than 1,100 members. Initially, quackery mostly consisted of the unauthorized practice of medicine and ...
Clutton-Brock Tim - - 2009
Explanations of cooperation between non-kin in animal societies often suggest that individuals exchange resources or services and that cooperation is maintained by reciprocity. But do cooperative interactions between unrelated individuals in non-human animals really resemble exchanges or are they a consequence of simpler mechanisms? Firm evidence of reciprocity in animal ...
Emery Alan E H - - 2009
London in the first half of the 19th century was a centre of scientific and medical interest. For example, the Royal Society, the Linnean Society, the Geological Society, the Chemical Society and the Royal Astronomical Society were all centred on Burlington House and, not far away, in Berner's Street was ...
Scaglione F - - 2009
This article summarizes the recommendations drawn up by the Italian Society of Chemotherapy regarding the proper use of antimicrobial agents for infectious diseases.
Borgerhoff Mulder Monique - - 2009
Small-scale human societies range from foraging bands with a strong egalitarian ethos to more economically stratified agrarian and pastoral societies. We explain this variation in inequality using a dynamic model in which a population's long-run steady-state level of inequality depends on the extent to which its most important forms of ...
Notturno Mark Amadeus - - 2009
September 17th, 2009 marks the 15th anniversary of Sir Karl Popper's death. Popper was an outspoken champion of critical rationalism, and a constant critic of authoritarian tendencies in science and society. He was also one of the spiritual founders of this journal and served on its first editorial advisory board. ...
Wood Douglas E - - 2010
There is little knowledge around the world about training and certification for general thoracic surgeons, and the relationship between thoracic surgery and cardiac surgery. Examination of the membership of European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) and European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) can clarify the training, practice and academic activity ...
Hensen Peter - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The German Society of Dermatology is a scientific medical society that represents the interests of German-speaking dermatology. One recommendation of a strategic planning mission was to increase the involvement of society members. METHODS: Based on an empirical approach (questionnaire survey) a systematic member inquiry was performed which focused on ...
Rybak Michael J - - 2009
Practice guidelines for therapeutic monitoring of vancomycin treatment for Staphylococcus aureus infection in adult patients were reviewed by an expert panel of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, and the Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists. A literature review of existing evidence regarding vancomycin dosing ...
Schurmann Anna T - - 2009
Civil society has the potential to have a positive impact on social exclusion and health equity through active monitoring and increased accountability. This paper examines the role of civil society in Bangladesh to understand why this potential has not been realized. Looking at two models of civil society action-participation in ...
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