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Hoffman Anna A The University of Iowa, USA - - 2014
Psychologists in medical settings may be confronted with Jehovah's Witness parents refusing blood transfusions for their children as an ethical dilemma. The purpose of this discussion is to help psychologists provide informed, ethical consultations and support by investigating the values of the Jehovah's Witness community and the origin of the ...
Sher Leo - - 2014
Abstract Forensic psychiatry is frequently defined as the branch of psychiatry that deals with issues arising in the interface between psychiatry and the law. Psychiatrists are called on by the legal system to provide testimony in a wide variety of cases, criminal and civil. In criminal cases, forensic psychiatrists may ...
Verloop W L WL Department of Cardiology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, the - - 2014
Since 2010, renal denervation (RDN) is being performed in the Netherlands. To make sure RDN is implemented with care and caution in the Netherlands, a multidisciplinary Working Group has been set up by the Dutch Society of Cardiology (NVVC). The main aim of this Working Group was to establish a ...
Courtwright Andrew M AM Patient Care Services, Institute for Patient Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA; Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated the impact of age, race, and functional status on decisions not to offer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) despite patient or surrogate requests that CPR be performed. This was a retrospective cohort study of all ethics committee consultations between 2007 and 2013 at a large academic hospital with a ...
Bruce Courtenay R CR Center for Medical Ethics & Health Policy, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, MS: BCM 420, Houston, TX, 77030, USA, - - 2014
While valuable work has been done addressing clinical ethics within established healthcare systems, we anticipate that the projected growth in acquisitions of community hospitals and facilities by large tertiary hospitals will impact the field of clinical ethics and the day-to-day responsibilities of clinical ethicists in ways that have yet to ...
Fiester Autumn M - - 2014
Internationally, there is an on-going dialogue about how to professionalize ethics consultation services (ECSs). Despite these efforts, one aspect of ECS-competence that has received scant attention is the liability of failing to adequately capture all of the relevant moral considerations in an ethics conflict. This failure carries a high price ...
- - 2014
Evlynne Gilvarry took over as chief executive and registrar of the GDC on 20 October 2010. She joined the GDC from the General Osteopathic Council (GOsC), the statutory regulator of osteopathy in the UK, where she'd worked as chief executive and registrar since November 2007. Previously she worked in various ...
Farrell Ruth M - - 2014
Advocates for the professionalization of clinical bioethics argue that bioethics professionals play an important role in contemporary medicine and patient care, especially when addressing complex ethical questions that arise in the delivery of reproductive medicine. For bioethics consultants to serve effectively, they need adequate training in the medical and ethical ...
Ababneh Huthaifa Salah HS National Center for Agricultural Research and Extension, Baqa', 19381, Jordan, - - 2014
Chlamydophila abortus (Ch. abortus) is the etiological agent of ovine enzootic abortion (OEA) and one of the most common infectious agents of abortion in small ruminants worldwide. RFLP-PCR analysis of the outer membrane protein gene (OMP2 gene) was used for diagnosis and characterization of chlamydial causes of abortion in small ...
Cavanaugh William J WJ Cavanaugh Tocci Assoc. Inc., 327F Boston Post Rd., Sudbury, MA 01776, - - 2014
In some 60 years of consulting in architectural and environmental acoustics, one encounters few colleagues who fit the definition of a truly renaissance man. J. Christopher Jaffe is one of those few. His love for the performing arts and in designing facilities for the enjoyment of countless audiences and performers ...
Flamm Anne Lederman AL Cleveland Clinic, JJ607, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 USA. - - 2014
We describe and analyze 13 cases handled by our ethics consultation service (ECS) in which families requested continuation of physiological support for loved ones after death by neurological criteria (DNC) had been declared. These ethics consultations took place between 2005 and 2013. Patients' ages ranged from 14 to 85. Continued ...
Cassier Philippe A - - 2011
Soft-tissue sarcomas (STS) represent a heterogeneous group of malignant tumors originating from connective tissues. Over recent years, this heterogeneity has led to a molecular breakdown of STS and subsequent use of targeted agents in several molecularly defined subgroups. After the initial success of imatinib in gastrointestinal stromal tumors, several other ...
Marcus David K - - 2010
In Dusky v. United States (1960), the U.S. Supreme Court articulated 3 abilities that determine a criminal defendant's competence to stand trial: He or she must be able to consult with counsel, have a factual understanding of the proceedings, and have a rational understanding of the proceedings. Although the legal ...
de Lacey Sheryl - - 2010
The issue of whether to allow or prohibit the directed anonymous donation of human embryos for reproductive use has been publicly contentious. The claims that directed donation are a donor's autonomous right contrast with claims that the practice is discriminatory. Recent legislation and legal recommendation on the issue has been ...
Demetriades Andreas K - - 2010
The burning question surrounding the use of Brain-Machine Interface (BMI) devices is not merely whether they should be used, but how widely they should be used, especially in view of some ethical implications that arise concerning the social and legal aspects of human life. As technology advances, it can be ...
Truyers Carla - - 2010
This paper discusses the legal implications of setting up two new biobanks in Belgium. The first is hospital-based and will archive tissue from patients with haematologic cancer, whereas the second is linked to a general practice based morbidity registry and will involve storage of blood samples. To date, Belgium has ...
Fisher David - - 2010
Medical care is a highly regulated field in nearly every country. Therefore, it is not surprising that legal issues regularly arise in cross-border disaster operations that have with the potential to profoundly impact the effectiveness of international assistance. Little attention has been paid to preparing for and addressing these kinds ...
Sinclair Donald C DC - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Identify an evidence-based paradigm for the determination of causation of occupational injury and illness litigation. METHODS: The Westlaw and LexisNexis databases were used to identify legal principles governing the admissibility of scientific evidence in legal proceedings. The Medline database was referenced to identify evidence-based methods for the determination of ...
Saleh Fabian M - - 2010
This article briefly discusses the historical development of the constructs of paraphilia and psychopathy. An overview of recent developments in the assessment of these constructs for legal purposes is also provided. The historical, clinical, legal, and ethical obligations of clinicians who work with persons suffering from paraphilias and co-morbid psychopathy ...
Pascalev Assya - - 2010
The paper examines the ethical and legal challenges of making decisions for previously competent patients and the role of advance directives and legal representatives in light of the Oviedo Convention. The paper identifies gaps in the Convention that result in conflicting instructions in cases of a disagreement between the expressed ...
Mavroforou A - - 2010
AIM: With the rapid introduction of revolutionary technologies in surgical practice, such as computer-enhanced robotic surgery, the complexity in various aspects, including medical, legal and ethical, will increase exponentially. Our aim was to highlight important legal and ethical implications emerged from the application of robotic surgery. METHODS: Search of the ...
Davis Colleen - - 2010
Surgical separation of conjoined twins that results in the death of one of the twins raises complex moral, ethical and legal issues. Of particular concern is the potential for homicide charges against doctors. In two recent cases, one in England and one in Queensland, judges declared the surgery to be ...
Pope Thaddeus Mason - - 2010
This issue's "Legal Briefing" column covers legal developments pertaining to conscience clauses and conscientious refusal. Not only has this topic been the subject of recent articles in this journal, but it has also been the subject of numerous public and professional discussions. Over the past several months, conscientious refusal disputes ...
Van Gelder Jean-Louis - - 2010
In Latin American cities, around a third of the urban population lives in tenure situations that can be designated as informal, yet variation in the ways and extent to which these arrangements do not comply with law is extensive. Furthermore, informal dwellers often employ a variety of strategies to legitimize ...
Mackenzie Geraldine - - 2010
This chapter gives an educational overview of: * An awareness of the legal issues involved in health informatics * The need for the privacy and security of the patient record * The legal consequences of a breach of the security of the patient record * The concept of privacy law ...
Goebel Jürgen W - - 2010
The international transfer of human biomaterial and data has become a prerequisite for collaborative biomedical research to be successful. However, although a national legal framework for 'biobanking' has already been formulated in many countries, little is known about how an international exchange of data and samples might affect the legal ...
Anderson Evan D - - 2009
Legal preparedness is an essential component of effective public health emergency response, evinced recently by the numerous emergency declarations issued at the federal, state, and local levels to address the 2009 H1N1 influenza outbreak. Although the impact of these emergency laws at the federal and state levels has been studied ...
Angelos Peter - - 2009
Despite many advances in surgical techniques during the last several decades, the risk for recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury during thyroid and parathyroid surgery has only declined, not disappeared. RLN monitoring is an attempt to reduce the risk of nerve injury during thyroid and parathyroid surgery. In this article, the ...
Goldberg David J - - 2009
Laser and light-based procedures, fillers, toxins and various peels have revolutionized the field of cosmetic dermatology. With an increasing number of physicians and nonphysicians performing these procedures, and with the availability of a seemingly unlimited array of cosmetic dermatology procedures, the potential for problems and their legal consequences continue to ...
Mueller Paul S - - 2009
On March 31, 2005, Terri Schiavo (born December 3, 1963) died -- the final complication of a cardiac arrest on February 25, 1990. Her death was preceded by the withdrawal of artificially administered hydration and nutrition through a feeding tube. Prior to her death, Terri's saga was the focus of ...
Mavroforou A - - 2009
Venous thromboembolism associated with prolonged sitting during air travel has been reported in the medical literature. The aim of this article was to review whether the existing evidence can raise ethical concerns and grounds for legal implications. Review of the pertinent literature. Long duration air travel is linked with venous ...
Kosta Eleni - - 2010
Ambient Intelligence provides the potential for vast and varied applications, bringing with it both promise and peril. The development of Ambient Intelligence applications poses a number of ethical and legal concerns. Mobile devices are increasingly evolving into tools to orientate in and interact with the environment, thus introducing a user-centric ...
Gupta Richie - - 2009
Authors in their clinical practice came across transsexual patients, who were determined to get their gender affirmed by undergoing a change of sex. This motivated the authors to review the literature extensively regarding transsexualism and report their experience. Opinions were taken from legal luminaries practicing in related fields. They also ...
Babgi Amani - - 2009
AIM: This paper provides different perspectives on end-of-life legal issues in Saudi Arabia, and contrasts those perspectives with current legal practice in the United States. BACKGROUND: Islamic law governs end-of-life legal issues in Saudi Arabia which applies to end-of-life legal issues. There is a specific legal terminology, derived from the ...
Beran R G - - 2009
To threaten harm is to assault and to realise that threat is to batter. To do so intentionally for the purpose of producing injury amounts to causing harm with intent and one cannot consent to be the victim of such violence. Despite these clearly enunciated legal principles, such conduct is ...
Rothstein Mark A MA Institute for Bioethics, Health Policy and Law, University of Louisville School of Medicine, - - 2009
Epigenetics is one of the most scientifically important, and legally and ethically significant, cutting-edge subjects of scientific discovery. Epigenetics link environmental and genetic influences on the traits and characteristics of an individual, and new discoveries reveal that a large range of environmental, dietary, behavioral, and medical experiences can significantly affect ...
Loeber J Gerard - - 2008
Legal issues arise if some persons or institutions feel wrongfully treated whether or not this feeling is justified. In neonatal screening, the following topics may be causing legal issues: no screening programme where such a programme should be (UN Convention for the right of the child); neonate(s) not screened for ...
Ang T W - - 2008
The Database on Ethics Related Legislation and Guidelines was launched in March 2007 as the fourth database of the UNESCO Global Ethics Observatory system of databases in ethics of science and technology. The database offers a collection of legal instruments searchable by region, country, bioethical themes, legal categories and applicability ...
Owsiany David J - - 2008
Dentists are regularly confronted with situations that involve interrelated ethical, risk management, and legal and regulatory compliance issues. This article discusses six of the most common such situations where dentists must sort out various ethical and legal issues. Sometimes taking steps to minimize exposure to liability or comply with legal ...
Stewart Pam - - 2007
The common law has historically been clear - the rights of the unborn do not exist prior to birth. A child becomes a legal person and able to enforce legal rights upon being born alive and having a separate existence from her or his mother. This article assesses whether new ...
Byk Christian - - 2007
The question "do ethics committees need a legal framework" may then raise fundamental discussion in the case of developing countries: will an ethical framework bring them a better capacity to assume their task? And what should this task be if we consider the particularities of clinical research conducted in developing ...
Nicol??s Pilar - - 2007
The specific characteristics of genetic data lead to ethical-legal conflicts in the framework of genetic diagnosis. Several international organisations, including UNESCO and the Council of Europe, have enacted rules referring to the use of genetic information. This paper discusses possible legal and ethical criteria that could be used in genetic ...
Drabiak Katherine - - 2007
In the United States at this time, no uniform federal law exists regarding commercial surrogacy, and state statutory schemes vary vastly, ranging from criminalization to legal recognition with contract enforcement. The authors examine how commercial surrogacy agencies utilize the Internet as a means for attracting parents and surrogates by employing ...
Turner M - - 2006
The purpose of these vignettes is to illustrate that although the dominant ethical, legal and societal position is based on the precautionary principle of deontological non-maleficence, in reality a degree of utilitarian proportionality arises because there is little choice but to balance proposed variant CJD risk management strategies against other ...
Grazi Richard V - - 2006
We report here on ethical considerations addressing the idiosyncratic needs of two Orthodox Jewish couples requesting sex selection through PGD. The patients' considerations stem from generally healthy concerns, are not based on any gender biases and have little chance of having any major societal impact, given the idiosyncratic nature of ...
Rich Ben A - - 2006
The objective of this analysis is to apprise pain physicians of the ethical concerns and practical considerations that arise when a treating physician is called upon to testify as an expert witness in a legal proceeding involving his or her own patient. The provision of expert testimony in medico-legal proceedings ...
Naudts Kris - - 2006
Belgium has become one of the few countries in the world where euthanasia is legally allowed within a specific juridical framework. Even more unique is the inclusion of grounds for requesting euthanasia on the basis of mental suffering. Further refinement of the legal, medical and psychiatric approach to the issue ...
Hook C Christopher CC Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2005
The recent case of Terri Schiavo has been an important medical, legal, and ethical controversy. However, much of the public discussion of the tragedy has been based on inaccurate information regarding the facts of the case and the actual legal and ethical issues involved. This article reviews the pertinent aspects ...
Woods Bob - - 2005
Our improved understanding of the experience of people with dementia provides a new impetus to address legal and ethical issues. This paper explores emerging issues in relation to awareness in dementia and its impact on legal and ethical matters. The different approaches and principles demonstrated in relation to ethical issues ...
Maas Adolf K AK - - 2005
The ever-growing complexity of veterinary laws compounds the problem for the exotic pet practice. Issues of possession, treatment, vaccination, and ethics shape the legal landscape for the veterinarian, and as new problems develop, new legislation will be created. Only by learning and understanding the current laws and regulations of the ...
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