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Tractenberg Rochelle E RE Collaborative for Research on Outcomes and -Metrics, Departments of Neurology, Biostatistics, Bioinformatics and Biomathematics, and Psychiatry, Georgetown University Medical Center, Building D, Suite 207, 4000 Reservoir Rd. NW, Washington, DC, 20057, USA, - - 2014
The use of Big Data-however the term is defined-involves a wide array of issues and stakeholders, thereby increasing numbers of complex decisions around issues including data acquisition, use, and sharing. Big Data is becoming a significant component of practice in an ever-increasing range of disciplines; however, since it is not ...
Diniz Debora D Professor, Graduate Program in Social Policy, University of Brasilia (UnB)/Anis, Institute of Bioethics, Human Rights, and Gender, Brasilia, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
In Brazil, to have a legal abortion in the case of rape, the woman's statement that rape has occurred is considered sufficient to guarantee the right to abortion. The aim of this study was to understand the practice and opinions about providing abortion in the case of rape among obstetricians-gynecologists ...
Dubov Alex - - 2014
ABSTRACT This article attempts to answer the following normative questions: Can one consider the design of Phase 1 trials ethically appropriate due to the unfavorable ratio of risks and benefits? What are some ethical safeguards for Phase 1 oncology research? A comparative review of literature contributed to the consolidation of ...
Taylor Doris A DA Texas Heart Institute , 6770 Bertner Ave, MC 2-255, Houston, TX 77030 , - - 2014
Tissue-engineered medical products are now entering the clinical testing phase of development. Therefore, an open discussion is warranted regarding ethical issues that may arise as these novel 'combination' products move forward, such as when to conduct clinical trials, how to regulate such trials, when and how to responsibly introduce these ...
Naudé Alida Maryna - - 2014
PURPOSE The purpose of this research was to apply multiple perspectives as part of a systematic review to analyse literature regarding ethics in audiology. Audiologists are particularly vulnerable to the changing requirements of the discipline that compel them to straddle both professional obligations and business principles, creating a 'hybrid' professional. ...
Morrow Monica M Breast Service, Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA, - - 2014
In September 2011, the Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) Executive Council voted to transition to self-management. The transition was successfully completed in October 2012. This article summarizes the infrastructure changes that have occurred to facilitate the transition, the SSO goals, selected results from the 2012 Membership Survey, and future directions ...
Bernthal Elizabeth M M EM Academic Department of Military Nursing, Royal Centre for Defence Medicine (Academia and Research) Medical Directorate, Birmingham, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to explore how useful clinicians deployed to the Field Hospital in Afghanistan found using the four quadrant approach (4QA) as a tool to aid ethical decision-making. In addition, the study aimed to determine whether the 4QA needed to be amended to make it more ...
Humphreys Stephen S a London-Stanmore NHS Research Ethics Committee, c/o the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Brockley Hill , Stanmore , Middlesex , United - - 2014
Qualitative research is reported which explores the perceptions of members of the U.K.'s independent Phase I ethics committees (IECs) about key issues identified following a literature review. Audio-recorded interviews were conducted with ten expert and ten lay members from all IECs except the one to which the lead author was ...
Reynolds S James SJ Centre for Ornithology, School of Biosciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom; Army Ornithological Society, Land Forces Directorate, Army Headquarters, Andover, Hampshire, United - - 2014
Breeding periodicity allows organisms to synchronise breeding attempts with the most favourable ecological conditions under which to raise offspring. For most animal species, ecological conditions vary seasonally and usually impose an annual breeding schedule on their populations; sub-annual breeding schedules will be rare. We use a 16-year dataset of breeding ...
van der Eijk Yvette - - 2013
In recent years, a new tobacco 'endgame' has been proposed: the denial of tobacco sale to any citizen born after a certain year, thus creating new tobacco-free generations. The proposal would not directly affect current smokers, but would impose a restriction on potential future generations of smokers. This paper examines ...
Liu Ang - - 2013
The 51st Eastern Analytical Symposium (EAS) and Exposition was held at the Garden State Exhibit Center in Somerset NJ, USA, from 12-15 November 2012, with a theme of 'Energizing Analytical Solutions'. This conference attracted and energized a diverse group of attendees, presenters, and exhibitors, whose expertise covered the broad topics ...
Bridoux Valérie - - 2013
Disclosure of obtaining informed consent from patients (ICP) and research ethics committee (REC) approval in published reports is sometimes omitted. To date, no disclosure data are available on surgical research. Our aim was to assess whether REC approval and ICP were documented in surgical trials. Overall, 657 randomised trials, published ...
Larivière-Bastien Danaë - - 2013
Transition from pediatric to adult healthcare is a well-established challenge for individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders like cerebral palsy. With regard to ethics, some of the key aspects to explore include the following: if and how individuals feel respected during the transition process; if and how their values and preferences are ...
Hey Spencer Phillips - - 2013
Clinical trial reforms aimed at boosting phase 2 positive predictivity may involve ethical and social trade-offs.
Tewari Krishnansu S - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The 2012 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) was held in Chicago, June 1-5, 2011, and brought together more than 25,000 oncology professionals from a broad range of specialties to explore the theme, "Collaborating to Conquer Cancer". The Gynecologic Oncology Track had a strong international ...
Meyers Philip M - - 2012
Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States, Canada, Europe, and Japan. According to the American Heart Association and the American Stroke Association, there are now 750,000 new strokes that occur each year, resulting in 200,000 deaths, or 1 of every 16 deaths, per year in ...
Guta Adrian - - 2012
In this paper we examine "ethics creep", a concept developed by Haggerty (2004) to account for the increasing bureaucratization of research ethics boards and institutional review boards (REB/IRBs) and the expanding reach of ethics review. We start with an overview of the recent surge of academic interest in ethics creep ...
Mackiewicz Jacek - - 2012
The 2012 ASCO (American Society of Clinical Oncology) annual meeting has been held once again at the McCormick Conference Center in Chicago, Illinois, where ASCO has booked a 10-year run for the meeting. The meeting was attended by more than 30,000 oncology professionals from around the world. Of more than ...
Yee Kimberly M - - 2012
In "Potential Subjects' Responses to an Ethics Questionnaire in a Phase I Study of Deep-Brain Stimulation in Early Parkinson's Disease," Finder, Bliton, Gill, Davis, Konrad, and Charles undertake informed consent research on what they describe as a Phase I trial of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson's disease. We argue ...
Goldim José R - - 2011
To present some highlights and comments about ethical, legal and social issues related to alcohol and drug research. Alcohol and drug research has a lack of scientific production related to ethical, legal and social issues. Many papers simply describe summarily the informed consent process and other related issues. Informed consent ...
Saunders Ben - - 2011
In an earlier article, I argued that David Estlund's notion of 'normative consent' could provide justification for an opt-out system of organ donation that does not involve presumptions about the deceased donor's consent. Where it would be wrong of someone to refuse their consent, then the fact that they have ...
Salako Solomon E - - 2011
The desirability of obtaining freely given consent is universally accepted. The point, however, is that there is no unanimity on the definition of informed consent or its application in bioethics. Whether informed consent is based on principalism or casuistry or the virtue theory, the problem is how to handle the ...
Michalek Arthur M - - 2011
This Ethics Corners poses a series of queries concerning Biospecimen Banking. Particular attention is given to ownership v custodianship, and informed consent.
Widdows Heather - - 2011
This paper suggests that many of the pressing dilemmas of bioethics are global and structural in nature. Accordingly, global ethical frameworks are required which recognize the ethically significant factors of all global actors. To this end, ethical frameworks must recognize the rights and interests of both individuals and groups (and ...
Ryan P L - - 2011
One of the major factors contributing to production losses in the equine industry is pathogenic-associated reproductive dysfunction. While it is difficult to place a true value on the economic losses associated with pathogen-induced reproductive dysfunction in the horse due to the varying value of individual animals, the severe financial loss ...
Sachs Benjamin - - 2011
In research ethics there is a canon regarding what ethical rules ought to be followed by investigators vis-à-vis their treatment of subjects and a canon regarding what fundamental ethical principles apply to the endeavor. What I aim to demonstrate here is that several of the rules find no support in ...
Petrini Carlo - - 2011
Umbilical cord blood (CB) banking and therapeutic use raise several ethical issues: medical indications, legal framework, public versus private biobanks, autologous versus allogeneic use, ownership, commercialisation, quality assurance and many others. Surrogate informed consent is one of the most notable controversial ethical issues. The aim of this study was to ...
Freeman C - - 2010
Canadian law, and the physician's code of ethics, requires that informed consent be obtained before any medical act is performed. However, there are no rules about how consent is to be obtained and by whom, and how that consent is to be documented.In April 2008, we asked the heads of ...
Roberts Dottie D South University, Columbia, SC, - - 2010
A number of moral rules guide human actions. In addition, the acts of healthcare providers are guided by professional codes of biomedical ethics. This article describes the rules and ethical principles at play when treatment is considered following hip fracture in an older adult with dementia.
- - 2010
This final rule eliminates the 1 year lock out for non-Active Duty members who disenroll from TRICARE Prime before their annual enrollment renewal date.
Asghari Fariba - - 2010
In this study we discuss our experience of including an ethics objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) station in endocrinology board exam. One OSCE station on truth telling was developed and a standardized patient was trained for role playing in this station. Based on a pilot study, the evaluation checklist got ...
Sachs Benjamin - - 2010
This article concerns the validity of six canonical rules that institutional review boards use to constrain the behavior of investigators. These rules require investigators to design their studies in a scientifically valid way, not pay their subjects to take risks, minimize risks to their subjects, secure for their subjects access ...
Field Jeremy - - 2009
In primitively eusocial societies, all individuals can potentially reproduce independently. The key fact that we focus on in this paper is that individuals in such societies instead often queue to inherit breeding positions. Queuing leads to systematic differences in expected future fitness. We first discuss the implications this has for ...
Liapikou Adamantia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The recent Infectious Disease Society of America/American Thoracic Society guidelines for the management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults defined a predictive rule to identify patients with severe CAP to determine the need for intensive care unit (ICU) admission. We clinically validated this rule. METHODS: We analyzed 2102 episodes ...
Korobkin Russell - - 2007
The much studied case of Moore v. Regents of the University of California is often considered important in property law for denying property rights in human tissue. This widespread misunderstanding of Moore has not only misplaced the legal emphasis of human tissue donations on property law instead of contract law, ...
Carroll, Mark J.
There will be times when physical therapists will be asked to treat patients who cannot afford needed services. Under such circumstances, physical therapists are at serious risk of violating the laws and rules governing their profession and also, perhaps, at risk of violating their personal moral or ethical values if ...
Caskey Cheryl R - - 2006
Bioterrorism is multi-faceted. Its impact will extend beyond the victims, the agent used, and the perpetrator(s). The rule of law must be considered in the wake of September 11 and the fall 2001 anthrax attacks. Bioterrorism preparedness should address rule of law and social issues. Laboratory professionals must be prepared ...
Lurie Peter - - 2005
We conducted a cross-sectional study of all exhibit booths for the 24 pharmaceutical companies at the 2002 American Psychiatric Association (APA) convention. We collected and categorized one of each item distributed by the companies at each booth. A total of 268 items were collected from 24 companies (median=8). The most ...
Pohl M - - 2005
Extended abstract of a paper presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2005 in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, July 31--August 4, 2005.
Tang X - - 2005
Extended abstract of a paper presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2005 in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, July 31--August 4, 2005.
Motoki S - - 2005
Extended abstract of a paper presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2005 in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, July 31--August 4, 2005.
Ziegler A - - 2005
Extended abstract of a paper presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2005 in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, July 31--August 4, 2005.
Friel J J - - 2005
Extended abstract of a paper presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2005 in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, July 31--August 4, 2005.
Lee S - - 2005
Extended abstract of a paper presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2005 in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, July 31--August 4, 2005.
Beleggia M - - 2005
Extended abstract of a paper presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2005 in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, July 31--August 4, 2005.
Altay A - - 2005
Extended abstract of a paper presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2005 in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, July 31--August 4, 2005.
Beyler Richard - - 2005
During the intense political upheaval that dominated the middle decades of the twentieth century, modern states intensified their drives to discipline broad sectors of society and ensure their political reliability. Subjected to such pressures, scientific institutions faced the challenge of admitting new, officially mandated criteria into the regulation of scientific ...
Badaracco J L JL - - 2001
Everybody loves the stories of heroes like Martin Luther King, Jr., Mother Teresa, and Gandhi. But the heroic model of moral leadership usually doesn't work in the corporate world. Modesty and restraint are largely responsible for the achievements of the most effective moral leaders in business. The author, a specialist ...
Lloyd R V - - 2000
The Endocrine Pathology Society wishes to remind all members and other individuals submitting manuscripts for publication about the rules of good conduct as they apply to the publication of research. The fundamentals include honesty, fairness, and the promulgation of common interest for the profession and society. The rules of good ...
Boonin-Vail D - - 1997
R.M. Hare and Harry J. Gensler have each argued that abortion can be shown to be immoral by appealing to a version of the golden rule. I argue that both versions of the golden rule argument against abortion should be rejected: each rests on a version of the golden rule ...
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