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Dennis Mary Kate MK a School of Social Welfare , University of Kansas , Lawrence , Kansas , - - 2014
Ethical decision making is critically important in hospice social work. Through in-depth interviews, researchers explored ethical dilemmas faced by 14 hospice social workers and the processes they used to move toward resolution. The dilemmas were integrated into a framework focused on the sources of ethical conflict: the client system, the ...
- - 2014
POISON SPECIALISTS have flagged up rises in the number of calls and online queries about treatments for users of psychoactive substances known as 'legal highs'.
Bhandari Subhasis S Bhandari House, 151, Diamond Harbour Road, Behala, Kolkata 700034. - - 2014
I faced a serious ethical dilemma while attending a couple of cases of dengue fever at a ward in the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) area during September 2013. Two patients had tested positive for dengue IgM antibody by MAC ELISA. Adjacent to their house was a vacant plot of around ...
Abracinskas Lilian L a Mujer y Salud , Montevideo , - - 2014
This commentary examines the outcome of the First Latin American Regional Conference on Population and Development, held in Montevideo in August of 2013 to mark the twentieth anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and adopt forward-looking recommendations. While highly appraising the outcomes, this article maps the ...
Oyebode Femi F National Centre for Mental Health, - - 2014
This is a brief commentary on the value of optimism in therapy. It draws on the philosophical writings of Schopenhauer and Aristotle. It suggests that the modern preoccupation with optimism may be as extreme as the bleak pessimistic outlook favoured by Schopenhauer.
Lingelbach Bernd - - 2014
A short history of the Barn is given, including the description of a few objects. The Barn is a well-known 'hands-on' museum; two examples are given to show that from time to time something new is presented. Prior to the 2009 European Conference on Visual Perception in Regensburg, a conference ...
de Costa Caroline - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To explore the knowledge of state abortion law of doctors providing abortion in New South Wales and Queensland, their attitudes towards this law, and their application of both knowledge and attitudes to their day-to-day practice of abortion. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Qualitative study using interviews of twenty-two medical practitioners agreeing ...
Yang Yuxia Y College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, Hebei Province, - - 2013
Themus (s.str.) regalis (Gorham, 1889), nom. rest.; Themus (s.str.) scutulatus Wittmer, 1983 = Themus (s.str.) hmong Kazantsev, 2007, syn. n.; Themus (Telephorops) coelestis (Gorham, 1889) = Themus violetipennis Wang & Yang, 1992, syn. n.; Themus (Telephorops) uniformis Wittmer, 1983, stat. n. = Themus (Telephorops) cribripennis Wittmer, 1983, syn. n.; Themus ...
Gillett Grant - - 2012
The ethical review of research in New Zealand after the Cartwright Report of 1988 produced a major change in safeguards for and empowerment of participants in health care research. Several reforms since then have streamlined some processes but also seriously weakened some of the existing safeguards. The latest reforms, against ...
Matheson Loren A - - 2012
Individual institutions govern research ethics applications and each must administer and regulate their own protocols. Variations in ethics review procedures and expectations among centres impose impediments to efficiently conducting multicentre studies. Observations relating to preparing multisite ethics documents for a study conducted by Canadian paediatric rheumatology investigators are described. Research ...
Rothenberg Karen H - - 2012
Ethical complexities surround the promise of genomic technology and the power of genetic information as they alter conceptions of identity and dynamics within personal and professional relationships. Creative approaches such as dramatic vignettes offer a unique analytical stage for imagining the bioethical past and future. Dramatic narratives can bring to ...
Ganswindt André - - 2012
Hormone analysis is a precise and widely accepted tool for monitoring reproductive function and responses to stressors. Although hormones are present and can be measured in various biological matrices, non-invasive methods have gained popularity over the past 30 years as a more practical approach for assessing ovarian, testicular and, more ...
Brady Kevin - - 2012
The Drug Metabolism Discussion Group is an informal Europe-wide association for scientists engaged in research and development within drug metabolism, pharmacokinetics and other related disciplines of the pharmaceutical industry. The group organizes an annual Open Meeting, alongside training courses and 1-day 'hot topic' meetings throughout the year. This year's Open ...
Aldashev Gani - - 2011
Empowerment of disadvantaged groups of population is a key issue in development. One major difficulty in implementing progressive legal reforms arises from the persistent and contrary influence of custom. In this paper, we present a simple theoretical framework that analyzes how customary rules evolve under the impact of a change ...
Azmat Syed Khurram - - 2011
Background The number of unsafe abortions is increasing across South Asia, also in Pakistan, where abortion is only permitted under special circumstances. The law on abortion is vaguely interpreted by the legal community. Methods Using Grounded Theory, 33 in-depth interviews of representatives of the legal profession and law enforcement agencies ...
Kuhar Michael J - - 2011
Collegial ethics (CE) proposes that we support our colleagues whenever possible. It is more of a focus on the feelings of others rather than on our own. In spite of the importance of collegial interactions, CE is not usually taught. Courses in CE need to be developed, and collegial skills ...
Verharen C - - 2011
Given the possibilities of synthetic biology, weapons of mass destruction and global climate change, humans may achieve the capacity globally to alter life. This crisis calls for an ethics that furnishes effective motives to take global action necessary for survival. We propose a research program for understanding why ethical principles ...
Tuma Julio R - - 2011
The intersection of ELSI and science forms a complicated nexus yet their integration is an important goal both for society and for the successful advancement of science. In what follows, I present a heuristic that makes boundary identification and crossing an important tool in the discovery of potential areas of ...
Richards John - - 2011
Annual meetings provide the opportunity to communicate with colleagues with similar professional interests and bolster training initiatives. However, the cost of face-to-face meetings, including travel expenses and lost work time, is high. Although face-to-face meetings offer unique advantages, fiscal considerations compel consideration of alternatives. Distance Learning Grantees (Division of Research, ...
Namer Albert - - 2011
In this paper the author questions some of the ways in which psychoanalysis is passed on to the wider public, one of which is sometimes evocative of the sales promotion of a consumer product in contemporary society. This methodology does not give sufficiently deep prior thought to the eventual consequences ...
Klonoff David C - - 2011
Objective: The aim was to formulate practice guidelines for determining settings where patients are most likely to benefit from the use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). Participants: The Endocrine Society appointed a Task Force of experts, a methodologist, and a medical writer. Evidence: This evidence-based guideline was developed using the ...
Stephens Nicole M - - 2011
American women still confront workplace barriers (e.g., bias against mothers, inflexible policies) that hinder their advancement at the upper levels of organizations. However, most Americans fail to recognize that such gender barriers still exist. Focusing on mothers who have left the workforce, we propose that the prevalent American assumption that ...
Dauwerse L - - 2011
In previous literature, ethicists mention several goals of Clinical Ethics Support (CES). It is unknown what key persons in healthcare institutions see as main--and sub-goals of CES. This article presents the goals of CES as perceived by board members and members of ethics support staff. This is part of a ...
Reiter-Theil Stella - - 2011
In this paper we assume that 'theory' is important for Clinical Ethics Support Services (CESS). We will argue that the underlying implicit theory should be reflected. Moreover, we suggest that the theoretical components on which any clinical ethics support (CES) relies should be explicitly articulated in order to enhance the ...
Weidema F C - - 2011
Moral case deliberation (MCD) is a form of clinical ethics support in which the ethicist as facilitator aims at supporting professionals with a structured moral inquiry into their moral issues from practice. Cases often affect clients, however, their inclusion in MCD is not common. Client participation often raises questions concerning ...
Minter Rebecca M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: A significant increase in industry support of professional medical associations coupled with data suggesting that gifts from industry have significant clinical influence have prompted calls from the Institute of Medicine and physician leaders to identify and manage conflicts of interest that stem from financial support of professional medical associations ...
Dodd Gerald D GD - - 2011
There has been a substantial proliferation in the number of radiology organizations over the past 30 years. This has occurred without integrated planning or the development of a central administration. Although each of the 50-plus organizations was created for specific reasons, the lack of coordination among them has led to ...
Harris Lisa Hope - - 2011
Abortion is highly stigmatized in the United States. The consequences of stigma for abortion providers are not well understood, nor are there published accounts of tools to assess or alleviate its burdens. We designed The Providers Share Workshop to address this gap. Providers Share is a six-session workshop in which ...
Comino E - - 2011
The radiology report has always been considered as "the most important step in the clinical radiological act". While agreeing with this concept, the author emphasises that the report can in no way replace the duty to communicate with the patient, as mentioned in Art. 31, Italian Code of Medical Ethics. ...
Baron-Foster Anne - - 2011
On September 12-15, 2010 the French Ion Channels Association organized its annual scientific meeting on the French coast of Mediterranean Sea. This meeting takes place in an attractive location and provides a great opportunity for principal investigators as well as young researchers to present and discuss their recent advances and ...
Rey Jean-Francois - - 2011
This publication reports the proceedings of the preliminary meeting of the working party that met at Gastro 2009 during the World Congress in London. The purpose of the preliminary meeting was to consider the areas that require attention, to discuss some of the findings that have already been published and ...
Wittenberg-Lyles Elaine - - 2011
The telling of atrocity stories offers therapeutic benefits to healthcare providers. Transcripts of hospice interdisciplinary team (IDT) meetings were used to analyze strategies for telling atrocity stories in the performance of symbiotic niceness through criticism. Symbiotic niceness draws upon niceness messages to establish reciprocal niceness by others in order to ...
Paull J D - - 2011
While well known in anaesthetic circles for being the first to provide ether anaesthesia for a surgical procedure in June 1847 in Launceston, Tasmania, William Russ Pugh's achievements in the field of natural history are less well known. He personally assisted Count Peter de Strzelecki in the chemical analysis of ...
Matyas Marsha L - - 2011
In 2004 and 2007, the American Physiological Society (APS) Trainee Advisory Committee (TAC) conducted surveys of graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and new investigators in physiology to identify topics and issues important to those trainees. Two major trends emerged from the data. First, trainees in 2007 expressed somewhat greater interest in ...
Oughton Deborah H - - 2011
The recognition of the social and ethical aspects of radiation risk management has been an important part of international projects following the Chernobyl accident of 1986. This paper comments on the science and policy issues in environmental risk assessment, including the social and ethical dimensions of emergency preparedness and remediation ...
Decamp Matthew - - 2011
Global short-term medical volunteerism is growing, and properly conducted, is a tool in the fight for greater global health equity. It is intrinsically "ethical" (i.e., it involves ethics at every step) and depends upon ethical conduct for its success. At present, ethical guidelines remain in their infancy, which presents a ...
Pellicano Elizabeth - - 2011
Recent developments in the science of autism have provoked widespread unease among autism activists. Drawing on the findings of a major international gathering of researchers, ethicists, and activists, this paper presents the first major analysis of the ethical questions arising from this unease. We outline the scientific developments that have ...
Newson Ainsley J - - 2011
Synthetic biology (SynBio) is an emerging scientific field which has quickly established momentum and visibility. Although no single definition of SynBio prevails, the field broadly encompasses the application of engineering principles to biology, redesigning biological materials and using them as new substrates to create products and entities not otherwise found ...
Birmingham Amanda - - 2011
This report summarizes the proceedings of the structure mapping working group meeting of the RNA Ontology Consortium (ROC), held in Kona, Hawaii on January 8-9, 2011. The ROC hosted this workshop to facilitate collaborations among those researchers formalizing concepts in RNA, those developing RNA-related software, and those performing genome annotation ...
Eagleman David M - - 2012
This article is a commentary on the article 'Defining synaesthesia' (Simner, 2012).
Magill Gerard - - 2011
Board oversight of community benefit responsibility in tax-exempt organizations in the nonprofit health care sector is attracting considerable attention. Scrutiny by the IRS and other official bodies has led to stricter measures of compliance with the community benefit standard. But stricter compliance does not sufficiently engage the underlying ethical imperative ...
Fakour Yousef - - 2011
Local ethical committees in medical sciences in Iran were established in 1999 in order to assess and evaluate the observance of ethical standards throughout the universities and research centers. The purpose of this study is to analyze the situation of local ethical committees in order to develop research ethics guideline. ...
Van den Branden Stef - - 2011
Ever since the start of the twentieth century, a growing interest and importance of studying fatwas can be noted, with a focus on Arabic printed fatwas (Wokoeck 2009). The scholarly study of end-of-life ethics in these fatwas is a very recent feature, taking a first start in the 1980s (Anees ...
Rodd Robin - - 2011
Most Orinocoan ethnic groups, including the Cuiva and the Piaroa, use yopo, a hallucinogenic snuff derived from the seeds of the Anadenanthera peregrina tree. This study contrasts Piaroa and Cuiva attitudes toward and uses of yopo in light of ongoing processes of social change. We do not believe that these ...
Dy Christopher J - - 2011
As physician involvement in health policy grows, there will be an increasing need for future leaders in orthopedics. Interested orthopedic residents may be unaware of opportunities for leadership involvement in professional and subspecialty organizations. This article investigates whether national and subspecialty organizations offer membership to residents, allow residents to participate ...
Gilbert Frédéric - - 2011
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is optimistically portrayed in contemporary media. This already happened with psychosurgery during the first half of the twentieth century. The tendency of popular media to hype the benefits of DBS therapies, without equally highlighting risks, fosters public expectations also due to the lack of ethical analysis ...
Treloar Susan A - - 2010
Kate Bacon (2010). Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Ma\cmillan. 256 pp., US$90.00. Hard cover. ISBN13: 9780230580930.
Kozma Chahira - - 2010
The ancient Egyptians left an impressive artistic legacy documenting many aspects of their society including the existence of dwarfs as highly valued members. In previous publications in the Journal, I discussed dwarfs and skeletal dysplasia in ancient Egypt. In this study, I examined the ancient Egyptian representations of dwarfs of ...
Weibel Ewald R - - 2010
The purpose of this review is to call attention of respiratory scientists to an Official Policy Statement jointly issued by the American Thoracic Society and the European Respiratory Society on "Standards for the Quantitative Assessment of Lung Structure", based on an extended report of a joint task force of 20 ...
Kelley Simon P - - 2010
Since 2003, levels of evidence have been used in the orthopaedic literature to inform the reader of the study quality and its relative significance. Our primary research question was to identify if, since their introduction, there has been an improvement in the levels of evidence of the scientific papers presented ...
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