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Wright Galen - - 2014
Rapid advances in human genomic research are increasing the availability of genomic data for secondary analysis. Particularly in the case of vulnerable African populations, ethics and informed consent processes need to be transparent¿both to ensure participant protection, as well as to share skills and to evolve best practice for informed ...
Payton Erica E Department of Physiology and Health Science, Ball State University, Cooper Science Building, CL 325, Muncie, IN, 47306, USA, - - 2014
Firearm mortality is the leading cause of death for young African American males, however, few studies have focused on racial/ethnic minority populations and firearm violence. The National Black Caucus of State Legislators advocates for legislation that promotes the health of African Americans. Thus, the purpose of this study was to ...
Forasiepi Analia M AM Instituto Argentino de Nivología, Glaciología y Ciencias Ambientales, CCT-Mendoza, CONICET, Av. Ruiz Leal s/n°, 5500, Mendoza, - - 2014
We report two fossil procyonids, Cyonasua sp. and Chapalmalania sp., from the late Pliocene of Venezuela (Vergel Member, San Gregorio Formation) and Colombia (Ware Formation), respectively. The occurrence of these pre-Holocene procyonids outside Argentina and in the north of South America provides further information about the Great American Biotic Interchange ...
Ramsay Michèle - - 2014
This is a report on a workshop titled `Ethics for genomic research across five African countries: Guidelines, experiences and challenges¿, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, 10 and 11 December 2012. The workshop was hosted by the Wits-INDEPTH partnership, AWI-Gen, as part of the H3Africa Consortium.
Chalmers James D JD Tayside Respiratory Research Group, University of Dundee, , Dundee, - - 2014
This article reviews the British Thoracic Society Winter Meeting 2013, the annual scientific meeting attended by over 2000 delegates and representing the depth and breadth of UK respiratory medicine. This year's meeting from 4 to 6 December in London featured cutting-edge research alongside keynote symposia from international experts in respiratory ...
Maharaj Jaisri - - 2012
Objectives Vitamin D Deficiency is more common in African Americans than in the general population or other ethnicities. Vitamin D deficiency also occurs more frequently in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) than in the general population. Currently, the limited data on vitamin D deficiency in African Americans with primary hyperparathyroidism ...
Rosen Clifford J - - 2012
In early 2011, a committee convened by the Institute of Medicine issued a report on the Dietary Reference Intakes for calcium and vitamin D. The Endocrine Society Task Force in July 2011 published a guideline for the evaluation, treatment, and prevention of vitamin D deficiency. Although these reports are intended ...
Engelhardt H Tristram HT - - 2012
Given intractable moral pluralism, what ought one to make of the bioethics that arose in the early 1970s, grounded as it was in the false assumption that there is a common secular morality that secular bioethics ought to apply? It is as if bioethics developed without recognition of the crisis ...
Elortza Felix - - 2011
During the 10(th) HUPO Annual World Congress held in Geneva (Switzerland) from 4(th) to 7(th) September, a workshop on Human Liver Proteome Project (HLPP) Initiative took place. Four research groups presented their latest results from different ongoing projects. Later on, during the HLPP executive members' meeting, the status of current ...
Miracle Donna J - - 2011
Donor human milk has been used in the United States for >90 years, but recent advances in human milk science and laboratory techniques have led to increasing use of this resource. Pediatricians began using donor human milk in the 1900s in response to anecdotal observation that premature infants had better ...
Béland Jean-Pierre - - 2011
The emergence and development of convergent technologies for the purpose of improving human performance, including nanotechnology, biotechnology, information sciences, and cognitive science (NBICs), open up new horizons in the debates and moral arguments that must be engaged by philosophers who hope to take seriously the question of the ethical and ...
Proust Joëlle - - 2011
The goal of this article are three-fold. The first is to explore the relations between the properties designated by the terms "human", "post-human," "Transhuman", and to clarify the corresponding "isms". The second is to scrutinize the current techniques for cognitive enhancement in order to assess their relations with the three ...
Daly Brenda - - 2011
In Ireland, Article 40.3.3 degrees of Bunreacht na hEireann (the Irish Constitution) guarantees the right to life of the unborn child and the equal right to life of the mother. Abortion in Ireland is permissible only where there is a real and substantial risk to the mother's own life. Since ...
English Abigail - - 2011
Sexual exploitation and trafficking of the young and vulnerable has devastating consequences for their physical and emotional development, health, and well-being. The horrific treatment they suffer bears the hallmarks of evil made manifest. Governments have enacted laws pursuant to international treaties, conventions, and protocols. Nonprofit and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are ...
Sterckx Sigrid - - 2011
On 19 December 2008 the Official Journal of Belgium published the 'Law regarding the procurement and use of human body material destined for human medical applications or for scientific research purposes'. This paper will comment on various aspects of the Law: its scope of application (what is understood by 'body ...
Mathew Sarah - - 2011
Understanding cooperation and punishment in small-scale societies is crucial for explaining the origins of human cooperation. We studied warfare among the Turkana, a politically uncentralized, egalitarian, nomadic pastoral society in East Africa. Based on a representative sample of 88 recent raids, we show that the Turkana sustain costly cooperation in ...
Daly Brenda - - 2011
Abortion is unlawful in Ireland except where it is necessary to save the life of the mother. The right to life of the unborn child is safeguarded under Article 40.3.3 degrees of Bunreacht na hEireann (the Irish Constitution). In 2003 the European Convention on Human Rights was incorporated into Irish ...
Feldman Robin - - 2011
Whatever else I might own in this world, it would seem intuitively obvious that I own the cells of my body. Where else could the notion of ownership begin, other than with the components of the tangible corpus that all would recognize as "me"? The law, however, does not view ...
Budimir Danijela - - 2011
To systematically assess the existing literature on ethical aspects of human biobanks. We searched the Web of Science and PubMed databases to find studies addressing ethical problems in biobanks with no limits set (study design, study population, time period, or language of publication). All identified articles published until November 2010 ...
Golichenko Mikhail - - 2011
On 21 October 2010, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the office of then-mayor of MoscowYuri Luzhkov violated the rights to freedom of assembly and from discrimination of Russians who had sought to organize and participate in gay pride marches in the Russian capital of Moscow.
Ghooi Ravindra B - - 2011
The Nuremberg Code drafted at the end of the Doctor's trial in Nuremberg 1947 has been hailed as a landmark document in medical and research ethics. Close examination of this code reveals that it was based on the Guidelines for Human Experimentation of 1931. The resemblance between these documents is ...
Mushiaki Shigeru - - 2011
Nanotechnologies are often said to be "converging" with other technologies like biotechnology, information technology, and cognitive science. And so-called "NBIC convergence" is thought to enable "enhancement" of human performance. First, I classify various kinds of enhancement. Second, I focus on the "cybernetic enhancement," to which nanotechnologies are supposed to contribute, ...
Staunton Ciara - - 2011
This article examines the development of Ireland's abortion policy from 1861 to the present day. It explores the reasoning for this policy as well as the inherent problems with this policy. It examines in detail the A, B and C v. Ireland judgement and its impact, (if any) on Irish ...
Marx Randall C - - 2011
This update summarizes recent research pertaining to the subspecialty of orthopaedic foot and ankle surgery that was published or presented between August 2009 and July 2010. The sources of these studies include The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (American and British Volumes), Foot & Ankle International, and the proceedings ...
McDowell Brianna - - 2011
One of the major goals of an animal welfare organization is to reduce the number of homeless, nonhuman animals in a community. In Hawaii, the Hawaiian Humane Society has provided numerous animal welfare services to work toward this goal, such as offering sterilizations and microchipping at reduced rates and facilitating ...
Bogin Barry - - 2011
The theme of the 2011 meetings of the German Anthropological Society, "Biological and Cultural Markers of Environmental Pressure", provides the entree to revisit one of Anthropology's most enduring canons - hunters and gathers are well-nourished and healthy. The Dobe !Kung foragers of the Kalahari Desert often serve as a model ...
Schiavi Alicia - - 2011
A report on the 12th International Congress of Human Genetics, joint with the 61st annual American Society of Human Genetics conference, Montreal, Quebec, 11-15 October 2011.
Walsh Philip - - 2011
Hannah Arendt is widely regarded as a political theorist who sought to rescue politics from "society," and political theory from the social sciences. This conventional view has had the effect of distracting attention from many of Arendt's most important insights concerning the constitution of "society" and the significance of the ...
Fogarty Emer - - 2010
A record number of delegates from industry, academia and health policy convened at the 7th Annual Meeting of Health Technology Assessment International (HTAi) which was held in Dublin, Ireland in June 2010. The theme of this year's meeting was 'Maximizing the Value of HTA'. The scientific program covered a broad ...
Smart Trevor G - - 2010
A study in this issue finds that under conditions of intense activity at specific inhibitory synapses, the voltage gated Cl- channel CIC-2 is vital for allowing efflux of accumulated internal Cl-.
Kachlik D - - 2010
The clinical venous anatomy of the pelvis and its veins featured a break-through during the past few years. Not only the diagnostic and therapeutical methods but also the knowledge of the functional anatomy and nomenclatures of the veins underwent substantial changes. Eleven years ago, the most recent revision of the ...
- - 2010
The future bioinformatics needs of the Arabidopsis community as well as those of other scientific communities that depend on Arabidopsis resources were discussed at a pair of recent meetings held by the Multinational Arabidopsis Steering Committee and the North American Arabidopsis Steering Committee. There are extensive tools and resources for ...
Saad Wael E A - - 2010
Percutaneous biliary drains are classified into external and internal/external drains. Internal/external drains can drain bile externally and internally (ie, anatomically) into bowel. Internal drainage is usually desired because it is associated with less morbidity. Not infrequently, operators encounter a situation in which one of two transhepatic biliary access tracts has ...
Kung Annie W C - - 2010
The International Society for Clinical Densitometry (lSCD) is a nonprofit multidisciplinary international professional organization. The ISCD mission is to advance excellence in the assessment of skeletal health. To achieve this mission, the ISCD has conducted a number of Position Development Conferences over the past 10yr, bringing together international experts to ...
Evans Gregory R D GR Aesthetic and Plastic Surgery Institute, University of California, Irvine, Calif. 92868, USA. - - 2010
In April of this past year, Transatlantic Innovations brought a variety of organizations and industry together for an international exchange of ideas, new technology, and current trends in plastic surgery. The meeting was highly interactive and included audience response devices. The focus was on 10 major areas: (1) new surgical ...
Jansen Tim L - - 2010
This position paper aims to clarify the presumed place of febuxostat in the management of gout patients. Since this novel xanthine oxidase inhibitor is now available, an international group of gout experts decided to formulate an international consensus statement. This statement presents the place for this new xanthine oxidase inhibitor ...
Kachlik David - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Two consensus documents have appeared which revised the anatomical nomenclature of the venous system of the lower extremity. They changed and substantially extended the last valid version of the Latin anatomical nomenclature, Terminologia Anatomica, published by the Federative Committee on Anatomical Terminology, with approval of the International Federation of ...
Doron Israel - - 2010
In recent years, there has been a growing interest and debate around the question, whether there is a need for an international convention on the rights of older persons. The debate around this question is far from simple or consensual. Although there are strong voices in favor, there are also ...
Chase Janet - - 2010
PURPOSE: We present a consensus view of members of the International Children's Continence Society on the management of dysfunctional voiding in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Discussions were held by the board of the International Children's Continence Society and a multi-disciplinary core group of authors was appointed. The draft document review ...
Trepman Elly - - 2011
The Twenty-fifth Annual Summer Meeting of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) was held 16-18 July 2009 at the Westin Bayshore Hotel in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. There were 521 registered attendees, including 339 (65%) individuals from 42 of the United States and 182 (35%) attendees from 32 ...
Jones David Albert - - 2010
The controversy over the creation of admixed human-nonhuman embryos, and specifically of what have been termed "cybrids," involves a range of ethical and political issues. It is not reducible to a single question. This paper focuses on one question raised by that controversy, whether creating admixed human-nonhuman entities is "an ...
Takenaka Ayumi - - 2010
Analysis of the impact of international migration on the socioeconomic conditions of migrants and their families in Peru, using data from the Latin American Migration Project, suggests that international migration contributes to individuals' socioeconomic well-being. While those who migrate tend to come from relatively privileged backgrounds in the first place, ...
Porras María Isabel - - 2010
The development of international health from a historical point of view has undergone major advances in recent times and constitutes a substantial part of the current agenda for historians of medicine. Within this framework, and focussing on a specific case study (international responses to poliomyelitis outbreaks in the 20th century), ...
Huettner Michael - - 2010
The 'Copenhagen Accord' fails to deliver the political framework for a fair, ambitious and legally-binding international climate agreement beyond 2012. The current climate policy regime dynamics are insufficient to reflect the realities of topical complexity, actor coalitions, as well as financial, legal and institutional challenges in the light of extreme ...
Menz Hylton B - - 2010
Recent events in the USA and UK have raised questions about the appropriate definition and application of the terms 'foot' and 'surgeon'. In this editorial, we explore these issues and clarify our use of these terms in the journal.
Durand Jorge - - 2010
Since the 1980s and especially the 1990s, Peru has become a nation of emigrants. Emigration has become massive over the past two decades, and the Peruvian populations of the United States, Japan, and Spain have tripled in less than a decade. A survey of households in five localities, three urban ...
- - 2009
Announces the recipients of the 2009 Distinguished International Contributions awards. Included are the Award for Distinguished Contributions to the International Advancement of Psychology (Judith V. Torney-Purta) and the International Humanitarian Award (Michael G. Wessells). For each recipient a citation, biography, and selected bibliography are provided, along with the awardee's paper, ...
Ettlin Robert A - - 2010
Recent international summits of the International Federation of Societies of Toxicologic Pathologists (IFSTP) have debated the desirability and potential means by which the proficiency of an individual toxicologic pathologist might be recognized and communicated throughout the world. The present document describes the advantages and disadvantages of implementing such a global ...
Humbyrd Casey - - 2009
Since the development of assisted reproductive technologies, infertile individuals have crossed borders to obtain treatments unavailable or unaffordable in their own country. Recent media coverage has focused on the outsourcing of surrogacy to developing countries, where the cost for surrogacy is significantly less than the equivalent cost in a more ...
Ettlin Robert A - - 2009
Recent international summits of the International Federation of Societies of Toxicologic Pathologists have debated the desirability and potential means by which the proficiency of an individual toxicologic pathologist might be recognized and communicated throughout the world. The present article describes the advantages and disadvantages of implementing such a global recognition ...
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