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Malone Ainsley A Mount Carmel West Hospital, Columbus, Ohio. Ainsley Malone, MS, RD, CNSC, LD, is a dietitian and member of the nutrition support team at Mount Carmel West Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, where she participates in the management of patients requiring enteral and parenteral nutrition. She is a certified nutrition support clinician and currently serves as President of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral - - 2014
The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) is an interdisciplinary society whose vision is to ensure that every patient receives safe, efficacious, and high-quality nutrition care. The society has produced clinical guidelines to assist practitioners in enteral and parenteral nutrition decision making. A.S.P.E.N. clinical guideline development has evolved ...
Ashrafian Hutan H Imperial College London, 10th Floor QEQM-Building, Praed Street, London, W2 1NY, UK, - - 2014
The enduring innovations in artificial intelligence and robotics offer the promised capacity of computer consciousness, sentience and rationality. The development of these advanced technologies have been considered to merit rights, however these can only be ascribed in the context of commensurate responsibilities and duties. This represents the discernable next-step for ...
Bashaw Edward D ED Office of Clinical Pharmacology, Center for Drug Evaluations and Research, United States Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Avenue, Silver Spring, Maryland, 20993, - - 2014
The concepts, importance, and implications of bioanalytical method validation has been discussed and debated for a long time. The recent high profile issues related to bioanalytical method validation at both Cetero Houston and former MDS Canada has brought this topic back in the limelight. Hence, a symposium on bioanalytical method ...
Leke Robert J I RJ Central Maternity Hospital Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon. Electronic address: - - 2014
Unsafe abortion is a major public health issue in low-resource countries. In the countries of West and Central Africa, abortion-related maternal mortality rates are extremely high, the prevalence of modern contraceptive use is very low, and the unmet need for family planning is also high. The International Federation of Gynecology ...
Fanaroff Jonathan M JM Department of Pediatrics and the Rainbow Center for Pediatric Ethics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2014
Premature infants at the limits of viability raise difficult ethical, legal, social and economic questions. Neonatologists attending an international Collegium were surveyed about delivery room behaviour and the approach taken by selected countries practicing 'modern' medicine was explored. There were strong preferences for comfort care at 22 weeks and full ...
- - 2014
Each year at the annual meeting of The American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG), addresses are given in honor of The Society and a number of award winners. A summary of each of these addresses is given below. On the following pages, we have printed the Presidential Address and the addresses for the William ...
Vitton V V Service de Gastroentérologie, Hôpital Nord, AP-HM, Interface de recherche translationnelle en neurogastroentérologie, CRN2M, UMR 7286, Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, - - 2014
Faecal incontinence is common and significantly affects quality of life. Its treatment involves dietary manipulation, medical treatments, perineal rehabilitation or surgery. In this paper, the French National Society of Coloproctology offers recommendations based on the data in the current literature, including those on recently developed treatments. There is a lack ...
Smeraglia John J UCB Pharma SA, Braine-l'Alleud, - - 2014
Crystal City V meeting on Quantitative Bioanalytical Method Validation and Implementation: 2013 Revised US FDA Guidance 3-5 December 2013, Hilton Baltimore, MD, USA The meeting provided an opportunity for Industry and regulators from the US FDA to discuss the recently published revised draft FDA Guidance for Industry on Bioanalytical Methods ...
Dal-Ré Rafael R Clinical Research Program, Pasqual Maragall Foundation, E-08003 Barcelona, - - 2014
The vast majority of health-related observational studies are not prospectively registered and the advantages of registration have not been fully appreciated. Nonetheless, international standards require approval of study protocols by an independent ethics committee before the study can begin. We suggest that there is an ethical and scientific imperative to ...
Ashrafian Hutan H Department of Surgery and Cancer, St Mary's Hospital, Imperial College London, 10th Floor QEQM-Building, Praed Street, London, W2 1NY, UK, - - 2014
The enduring progression of artificial intelligence and cybernetics offers an ever-closer possibility of rational and sentient robots. The ethics and morals deriving from this technological prospect have been considered in the philosophy of artificial intelligence, the design of automatons with roboethics and the contemplation of machine ethics through the concept ...
Song Mi-Kyung MK School of NursingUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are few data on the frequency and current management of clinical ethical issues related to care of seriously ill dialysis patients in free-standing dialysis facilities. To examine the extent of clinical ethical challenges experienced by care providers in free-standing facilities and their perceptions about how those issues are managed. ...
Feuerstein Joseph D JD Department of Medicine and Division of Gastroenterology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the validity of guidelines published by interventional medical societies. We reviewed the interventional medicine subspecialty society websites of the American Association for Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology (AABIP), American Society of Diagnostic and Interventional Nephrology (ASDIN), American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE), and Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions ...
- - 2014
: In 2013, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology published a joint document, Mature Oocyte Cryopreservation: A Guideline, which addresses advances in techniques to freeze human eggs that have resulted in significant recent improvements in pregnancy success. Based on the current state of ...
Johansson Veronica V Lund - - 2014
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a developing technology. New generations of DBS technology are already in the pipeline, yet this particular fact has been largely ignored among ethicists interested in DBS. Focusing only on ethical concerns raised by the current DBS technology is, albeit necessary, not sufficient. Since current bioethical ...
Petrini C C Office of the President. Istituto Superiore di Sanità (Italian National Institute of Health), Rome, - - 2014
Trials involving children generate considerable practical problems of a mainly ethical nature. While there is wide-ranging agreement on the basic ethical requisites for these trials, substantial - and even profound - differences remain between national and international regulatory policies. For the European Union Directive 2001/20/EC is the basic reference for ...
Dottolo Andrea L AL a Women's Studies Research Center, Brandeis University , Waltham , Massachusetts , - - 2014
This article introduces the special issue on lesbians and white privilege. The beginning situates the imperative of examining white privilege in lesbian studies, and explains why critical analyses are long overdue. Overarching themes of the special issue are identified, followed by an overview of the trajectory of subsequent articles.
Haozous Emily A EA University of New Mexico College of Nursing, MSC 09 5350, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, - - 2014
Misclassification of race in medical and mortality records has long been documented as an issue in American Indian/Alaska Native data. Yet, little has been shared in a cohesive narrative which outlines why misclassification of American Indian/Alaska Native identity occurs. The purpose of this paper is to provide a summary of ...
Dipaola Christian P CP Department of Orthopedics, Spine Division, University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, Massachusetts; - - 2013
Object Conflict of interest (COI) as it applies to medical education and training has become a source of considerable interest, debate, and regulation in the last decade. Companies often pay surgeons as faculty for educational events and often sponsor and give financial support to major professional society meetings. Professional medical ...
Li Li Bin - - 2013
Critical care medicine in China has made great advances in recent decades. This has led to an unavoidable issue: end-of-life ethics. With advances in medical technology and therapeutics allowing the seemingly limitless maintenance of life, the exact time of death of an individual patient is often determined by the decision ...
Casanova James E - - 2013
A FASEB Summer Research Conference entitled 'Arf and Rab family G proteins' was held in July 2013 at Snowmass Village, Snowmass, Colorado. Arfs and Rabs are two families of GTPases that control membrane trafficking in eukaryotic cells, and increasing evidence indicates that their functions are tightly coordinated. Because many workers ...
Yim Seon-Hee SH Department of Medical Education, Integrated Research Center for Genome Polymorphism, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul 137-701, - - 2013
The rapid advances in genetic knowledge and technology raise various, sometimes unprecedented, ethical dilemmas in the scientific community as well as the public realm. To deal with these dilemmas, the international community has prepared and issued ethical standards in various formats. In this review, seven international standards regarding genetics and ...
Cornet Gérard G SFTAG and ISG Research Associations. - - 2013
From his experience as ethical expert for two Robot Companion prototype projects aiming at empowering older MCI persons to remain at home and to support their family carers, Gerard Cornet, Gerontologist, review the ethical rules, principles and pragmatic approaches in different cultures. The ethical process of these two funded projects, ...
McLeod-Sordjan Renee - - 2013
Evidence-based practice suggests the best approach to improving professionalism in practice is ethics curricula. However, recent research has demonstrated that millennium graduates do not advocate for patients or assert themselves during moral conflicts. The aim of this article is the exploration of evaluation techniques to evaluate one measurable outcome of ...
Cacique Denis Barbosa - - 2013
This study aimed to develop and validate the contents of the Mosaico de Opiniões Sobre o Aborto Induzido (Mosai), a structured questionnaire intended to be used as a tool to collect information about the views of health professionals about the morality of abortion. The contents of the first version of ...
Clancy Tara - - 2013
This article examines how to develop confidence and competence in tailoring genetic/genomic information for different patients. The focus is on the issues that nurses working in a multicultural society need to be aware of, and include taking into account people's ethnicity, culture, religion and ethical perspectives, as well as their ...
Harper Joyce C - - 2013
In March 2005, a group of experts from the European Society of Human Genetics and European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology met to discuss the interface between genetics and assisted reproductive technology (ART), and published an extended background paper, recommendations and two Editorials. Seven years later, in March 2012, ...
Sparks Susan E - - 2013
Since phenylketonuria was first screened for in the 1960s, newborn screening has expanded to include more than 30 conditions. This commentary provides an update on newborn screening, including the follow-up of abnormal findings, the limitations of such screening, and the ethical questions that screening raises.
Alfonso F F Network of the European, Society of Cardiology, Madrid, Spain, - - 2013
European Society of Cardiology (ESC) National Society Cardiovascular Journals (NSCJs) are high-quality biomedical journals focused on cardiovascular diseases. The Editors' Network of the ESC devises editorial initiatives aimed at improving the scientific quality and diffusion of NSCJ. In this article we will discuss on the importance of the Internet, electronic ...
Alarcon Emilio Isaac EI Department of Chemistry and Centre for Catalysis Research and Innovation, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, - - 2013
In memoriam of Elsa Abuin (1942-2012), teacher, mentor and friend. This Special Issue presents a collection of review articles and papers dedicated to the memory of Elsa Abuin and most of them presented during the Meeting of the Latin-American photochemists (Encuentro Latino-Americano de Fotoquímica y Fotobiología, ELAFOT) held in October ...
Branco Miguel R - - 2013
A report on the UK Genome Science Meeting, held at the University of Nottingham, UK, 2-4 September 2013.
Sugarman Jeremy - - 2013
Injection drug use continues to significantly contribute to new infections with HIV. Moreover, conducting HIV prevention research with people who inject drugs (PWIDs) can be complicated for an array of practical, social, legal, and ethical reasons. It is critical that these research efforts are sensitive to the particular vulnerabilities associated ...
Stevenson Lauren - - 2013
The 2013 7th Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis was held in Long Beach, California, USA, where close to 500 professionals from pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies, CROs and regulatory agencies convened to discuss current topics of interest in bioanalysis. These 'hot' topics, which covered both small and large molecules, were ...
Kuller Lewis H - - 2013
On June 20, 2013, the American Journal of Epidemiology sponsored a symposium at the Society for Epidemiologic Research's 46th Annual Meeting in Boston, Massachusetts, entitled, "What Is the Role of Epidemiology in the Era of Molecular Biology and Genomics?" The future of epidemiology depends on innovation in generating interesting and ...
- - 2013
This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy.
- - 2013
RSTMH President Simon Hay and CEO Gerri McHugh discuss the rich and rewarding archive of past presidential addresses, providing a unique vista into the development of the RSTMH and the discipline of tropical medicine. This address will be presented during a drinks reception at the Annual General Meeting on Thursday ...
Alfonso Fernando - - 2013
European Society of Cardiology (ESC) National Society Cardiovascular Journals (NSCJs) are high-quality biomedical journals focused on cardiovascular diseases. The Editors' Network of the ESC devises editorial initiatives aimed at improving the scientific quality and diffusion of NSCJ. In this article we will discuss on the importance of the Internet, electronic ...
de Jong Antina - - 2013
Genomic microarray analysis is increasingly being applied as a prenatal diagnostic tool. Microarrays enable searching the genome at a higher resolution and with higher sensitivity than conventional karyotyping for identifying clinically significant chromosomal abnormalities. As yet, no clear guidelines exist on whether microarrays should be applied prenatally for all indications ...
Fox Michael G - - 2013
Peer-reviewed abstracts presented at the 2013 Society of Skeletal Radiology (SSR) Annual Meeting were reviewed following oral presentation. Topics felt to be of potential interest to musculoskeletal investigators and practicing clinicians are highlighted in this compilation and analysis of the meeting. New concepts regarding musculoskeletal and spine imaging and intervention, ...
Chin Nancy P - - 2013
Anthropology is the comparative study of cultures. Its goal is to characterize those universal traits that make societies uniquely human, and at the same time account for the embedded cultural-historical logic that makes each human society different from the next. Ethnography is the major methodologic approach in anthropology. Ethnography is ...
Magelssen Morten - - 2013
A central task for clinical ethics consultants and committees (CEC) is providing analysis of, and advice on, prospective or retrospective clinical cases. However, several kinds of biases may threaten the integrity, relevance or quality of the CEC's deliberation. Bias should be identified and, if possible, reduced or counteracted. This paper ...
Banerjee Sushanta K - - 2013
Although abortion became legal in India in 1971, many women are unaware of the law. Behavior change communication interventions may be an effective way to promote awareness of the law and change knowledge of and perceptions about abortion, particularly in settings in which abortion is stigmatized. To evaluate the effectiveness ...
Meltzer C C - - 2013
SUMMARY:With rapid advances in neuroimaging technology, there is growing concern over potential misuse of neuroradiologic imaging data in legal matters. On December 7 and 8, 2012, a multidisciplinary consensus conference, Use and Abuse of Neuroimaging in the Courtroom, was held at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia. Through this interactive forum, ...
Gaucher N - - 2013
Evidence suggests children and adolescents are consuming stimulants and non-stimulants in the hopes of improving academic performance through cognitive enhancement. As such, clinicians may be faced with requests to prescribe enhancers for their paediatric patients. In this paper, we analyse the ethics of cognitive enhancement in paediatrics in light of ...
Sundaram Varun - - 2013
To retrospectively review recent publications describing novel procedures/techniques, and describe the Institutional Review Board (IRB)/ethics approval process and potential ethical dilemmas in their reporting. We searched PubMed for papers about innovative or novel procedures/techniques between 2011 and August 2012. A query of titles/abstracts in the Journal of Urology, Journal of ...
Knüppel Hannes - - 2013
Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) aim to improve professionalism in health care. However, current CPG development manuals fail to address how to include ethical issues in a systematic and transparent manner. The objective of this study was to assess the representation of ethical issues in general CPGs on dementia care. To ...
Chen Hung-Chun - - 2013
The 5th congress of International Society for Hemodialysis took place last August 3-5, 2012 at the Grand Hotel in Taipei and focused on "Save Life and Improve Quality." It attracted a total of 927 participants from 18 countries. The full spectrum of hemodialysis was covered with plenary lectures and symposiums ...
Giacomazza Daniela - - 2013
This Special Issue of Biophysical Chemistry includes a selection of the papers presented at the XXI Congress of the Italian Society of Pure and Applied Biophysics (i.e., SIBPA, Società Italiana di Biofisica Pura ed Applicata) held on September 2012 at the University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy. Topics cover all biophysical ...
Jacquemard Tim - - 2013
In a lifelog, data from various sources are combined to form a record from which one can retrieve information about oneself and the environment in which one is situated. It could be considered similar to an automated biography. Lifelog technology is still at an early stage of development. However, the ...
Tonigan J Scott - - 2013
ABSTRACT. Objective: Strong opinions have been voiced about the "fit" between 12-step treatment, community-based 12-step practices, and American Indian beliefs and values. Little is known, however, about the relative benefit of 12-step programs for urban American Indians, although they are the most widely accessed type of treatment by American Indians. ...
Schwartz Denise Baird - - 2013
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that individuals have the right to request or refuse nutrition and hydration as medical treatment. Registered dietitians should work collaboratively as part of an interprofessional team to make recommendations on providing, withdrawing, or withholding nutrition and hydration in individual ...
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