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Saad Carla Gonçalves Schain CG Disciplina de Reumatologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Dr Arnaldo, 455 - 3°. Andar - Cerqueira César, São Paulo, SP, Brasil, CEP: - - 2014
In many Latin American countries seronegative arthritis, especially the spondyloarthritides (SpA), is commonly characterized by associated axial and peripheral involvement. In this article, the authors review the ethnic distribution of the population and the different SpA in 10 Latin American countries, and the main characteristics of the Ibero-American Registry of ...
Watanabe Masafumi M Cardiovascular Division, Tokyo University - - 2014
The 78(th)Annual Scientific Meeting of the Japanese Circulation Society was held in Tokyo on March 21-23, 2014. The main theme was "Cardiology in the Information Era: From Bench to Community". Because of technological advancements, including computer networking, a vast amount of information from basic and clinical research is being generated ...
Norn Mogens M Department of Ophthalmology Hvidovre Hospital University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
This is my personal memories concerning the Nordic periodical Acta Ophthalmologica in the period 1970-88. Poul Braendstrup was scientific secretary for Acta 1950-70 and chief editor 1970-75. His many important scientific works and enormous work for Acta is described, but also personal topics are mentioned. Acta meetings in the Danish ...
Eaton Margaret L ML Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
Too often, biopharmaceutical companies stop their clinical trialsClinical trials solely for financial reasons. In this chapter, we discuss this phenomenon against the backdrop of a 2011 decision by Geron Corporation to abandon its stem cell clinical trial for spinal cord injury (SCI), the preliminary results of which were released in ...
Martin Lisa A LA University of Michigan-Dearborn, Dearborn, MI 48128, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Providers Share Workshop (PSW) provides abortion providers safe space to discuss their work experiences. Our objectives were to assess changes in abortion stigma over time and explore how stigma is related to aspects of professional quality of life, including compassion satisfaction, burnout and compassion fatigue for providers participating in ...
Levels Mark M School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The extent to which women have had access to legal abortions has changed dramatically in Western-Europe between 1960 and 2010. In most countries, abortion laws developed from completely banning abortion to allowing its availability on request. Both the timing and the substance of the various legal developments differed dramatically between ...
Belhekar Mahesh N MN Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Topiwala National Medical College and B. Y. L. Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai Central, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Manuscript authors of scientific journals are expected to report if their studies were conducted according to international and national ethical guidelines and inform readers regarding ethics approval and informed consent obtained from participants and/or their legally acceptable representative/s. In the present study we assessed the reporting practices of ethics approval ...
Dollin Janet J Associate Professor in the Department of Family Medicine at the University of Ottawa in Ontario. - - 2014
To help busy FPs find useful current information and keep up to date on pediatric infectious disease and immunization topics by highlighting the work of one excellent source of reliable information in this area, the Canadian Paediatric Society Infectious Diseases and Immunization Committee. Committee members were appointed to represent the ...
Carpenter Christopher R CR School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, - - 2014
In the United States and around the world, effective, efficient, and reliable strategies to provide emergency care to aging adults is challenging crowded emergency departments (EDs) and strained healthcare systems. In response, geriatric emergency medicine clinicians, educators, and researchers collaborated with the American College of Emergency Physicians, American Geriatrics Society, ...
Vicente Catarina - - 2014
Philip Ingham is a geneticist and developmental biologist, based at the Imperial College, London - Nanyang Technological University, Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine in Singapore. From identifying the Drosophila trithorax mutant to the discovery of the vertebrate hedgehog genes, from perfecting in situ techniques in the fly to helping ...
Dondorp W W Department of Health, Ethics & Society, Research Institutes CAPHRI and GROW, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, Maastricht 6200 MD, The Netherlands - - 2014
This Task Force document explores the ethical issues involved in the debate about the scope of genetic screening of gamete donors. Calls for expanded donor screening arise against the background of both occasional findings of serious but rare genetic conditions in donors or donor offspring that were not detected through ...
Weijer Charles - - 2014
Patient outcome after serious brain injury is highly variable. Following a period of coma, some patients recover while others progress into a vegetative state (unresponsive wakefulness syndrome) or minimally conscious state. In both cases, assessment is difficult and misdiagnosis may be as high as 43%. Recent advances in neuroimaging suggest ...
Aaron Henry J HJ From the Brookings Institution, Washington, - - 2014
Open enrollment for 2014 insurance coverage under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) ended on March 31. When the White House reported that enrollment had reached the targets, one could almost hear sighs of relief from supporters and gnashing of teeth by opponents. In truth, meeting the enrollment targets made clear ...
Malone Ainsley A Mount Carmel West Hospital, Columbus, Ohio. Ainsley Malone, MS, RD, CNSC, LD, is a dietitian and member of the nutrition support team at Mount Carmel West Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, where she participates in the management of patients requiring enteral and parenteral nutrition. She is a certified nutrition support clinician and currently serves as President of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral - - 2014
The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) is an interdisciplinary society whose vision is to ensure that every patient receives safe, efficacious, and high-quality nutrition care. The society has produced clinical guidelines to assist practitioners in enteral and parenteral nutrition decision making. A.S.P.E.N. clinical guideline development has evolved ...
Fiester Autumn - - 2014
The Quality Attestation Presidential Task Force's recent proposal for "quality attestation" (QA) of clinical ethics consultants was advanced on the premise that, "[g]iven the importance of clinical ethics consultation, the people doing it should be asked to show that they do it well." To this end, the task force attempted ...
Lukas Rimas V - - 2014
We present an overview of a number of key clinical studies in infiltrating gliomas presented at the 2013 Society for Neuro-Oncology and World Federation of Neuro-Oncology joint meeting. This review focuses on efficacy results, including quality of life studies, from larger clinical trials in both high- and low-grade infiltrating gliomas.
Kemper Carol C Childrens Mercy Kansas City, Kansas City, - - 2014
Safety concerns regarding the verification of nasogastric feeding tube placement prompted the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition to call for an interdisciplinary, interorganizational group to work on best practices and new technologies to address this issue in pediatric patients. This commentary calls for the development of specialized teams ...
Bikmen Nida - - 2014
White Americans' willingness to engage in dialogues about intergroup commonalities and power inequalities with Asian and African Americans were examined in two experiments. Because Whites perceive that African Americans experience greater discrimination than do Asian Americans, we predicted that they would be more willing to engage in dialogues that would ...
Ashrafian Hutan H Imperial College London, 10th Floor QEQM-Building, Praed Street, London, W2 1NY, UK, - - 2014
The enduring innovations in artificial intelligence and robotics offer the promised capacity of computer consciousness, sentience and rationality. The development of these advanced technologies have been considered to merit rights, however these can only be ascribed in the context of commensurate responsibilities and duties. This represents the discernable next-step for ...
Duchange Nathalie N Université Paris Descartes, EA 4569, Ethique Médicale, 75006 Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The EU LeukoTreat program aims to connect, enlarge and improve existing national databases for leukodystrophies (LDs) and other genetic diseases affecting the white matter of the brain. Ethical issues have been placed high on the agenda by pairing the participating LD expert research teams with experts in medical ethics and ...
Shah Iqbal H IH Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) viewed access to safe abortion as imperative for public health. Globally, the number of induced abortions (safe and unsafe) per 1000 women aged 15-44 years declined from 35 in 1995 to 28 in 2008. The number of deaths due to unsafe ...
Bashaw Edward D ED Office of Clinical Pharmacology, Center for Drug Evaluations and Research, United States Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Avenue, Silver Spring, Maryland, 20993, - - 2014
The concepts, importance, and implications of bioanalytical method validation has been discussed and debated for a long time. The recent high profile issues related to bioanalytical method validation at both Cetero Houston and former MDS Canada has brought this topic back in the limelight. Hence, a symposium on bioanalytical method ...
Leke Robert J I RJ Central Maternity Hospital Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon. Electronic address: - - 2014
Unsafe abortion is a major public health issue in low-resource countries. In the countries of West and Central Africa, abortion-related maternal mortality rates are extremely high, the prevalence of modern contraceptive use is very low, and the unmet need for family planning is also high. The International Federation of Gynecology ...
Klausen Susanne M - - 2014
After its formation in 1910 as a self-governing dominion within the British empire, the Union of South Africa followed a combination of English and Roman-Dutch common laws on abortion that decreed the procedure permissible only when necessary to save a woman's life. The government continued doing so after South Africa ...
Fanaroff Jonathan M JM Department of Pediatrics and the Rainbow Center for Pediatric Ethics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2014
Premature infants at the limits of viability raise difficult ethical, legal, social and economic questions. Neonatologists attending an international Collegium were surveyed about delivery room behaviour and the approach taken by selected countries practicing 'modern' medicine was explored. There were strong preferences for comfort care at 22 weeks and full ...
Vitton V V Service de Gastroentérologie, Hôpital Nord, AP-HM, Interface de recherche translationnelle en neurogastroentérologie, CRN2M, UMR 7286, Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, - - 2014
Faecal incontinence is common and significantly affects quality of life. Its treatment involves dietary manipulation, medical treatments, perineal rehabilitation or surgery. In this paper, the French National Society of Coloproctology offers recommendations based on the data in the current literature, including those on recently developed treatments. There is a lack ...
Smeraglia John J UCB Pharma SA, Braine-l'Alleud, - - 2014
Crystal City V meeting on Quantitative Bioanalytical Method Validation and Implementation: 2013 Revised US FDA Guidance 3-5 December 2013, Hilton Baltimore, MD, USA The meeting provided an opportunity for Industry and regulators from the US FDA to discuss the recently published revised draft FDA Guidance for Industry on Bioanalytical Methods ...
Dal-Ré Rafael R Clinical Research Program, Pasqual Maragall Foundation, E-08003 Barcelona, - - 2014
The vast majority of health-related observational studies are not prospectively registered and the advantages of registration have not been fully appreciated. Nonetheless, international standards require approval of study protocols by an independent ethics committee before the study can begin. We suggest that there is an ethical and scientific imperative to ...
Ashrafian Hutan H Department of Surgery and Cancer, St Mary's Hospital, Imperial College London, 10th Floor QEQM-Building, Praed Street, London, W2 1NY, UK, - - 2014
The enduring progression of artificial intelligence and cybernetics offers an ever-closer possibility of rational and sentient robots. The ethics and morals deriving from this technological prospect have been considered in the philosophy of artificial intelligence, the design of automatons with roboethics and the contemplation of machine ethics through the concept ...
Song Mi-Kyung MK School of NursingUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are few data on the frequency and current management of clinical ethical issues related to care of seriously ill dialysis patients in free-standing dialysis facilities. To examine the extent of clinical ethical challenges experienced by care providers in free-standing facilities and their perceptions about how those issues are managed. ...
- - 2014
: In 2013, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology published a joint document, Mature Oocyte Cryopreservation: A Guideline, which addresses advances in techniques to freeze human eggs that have resulted in significant recent improvements in pregnancy success. Based on the current state of ...
Johansson Veronica V Lund - - 2014
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a developing technology. New generations of DBS technology are already in the pipeline, yet this particular fact has been largely ignored among ethicists interested in DBS. Focusing only on ethical concerns raised by the current DBS technology is, albeit necessary, not sufficient. Since current bioethical ...
Petrini C C Office of the President. Istituto Superiore di Sanità (Italian National Institute of Health), Rome, - - 2014
Trials involving children generate considerable practical problems of a mainly ethical nature. While there is wide-ranging agreement on the basic ethical requisites for these trials, substantial - and even profound - differences remain between national and international regulatory policies. For the European Union Directive 2001/20/EC is the basic reference for ...
Dottolo Andrea L AL a Women's Studies Research Center, Brandeis University , Waltham , Massachusetts , - - 2014
This article introduces the special issue on lesbians and white privilege. The beginning situates the imperative of examining white privilege in lesbian studies, and explains why critical analyses are long overdue. Overarching themes of the special issue are identified, followed by an overview of the trajectory of subsequent articles.
Haozous Emily A EA University of New Mexico College of Nursing, MSC 09 5350, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, - - 2014
Misclassification of race in medical and mortality records has long been documented as an issue in American Indian/Alaska Native data. Yet, little has been shared in a cohesive narrative which outlines why misclassification of American Indian/Alaska Native identity occurs. The purpose of this paper is to provide a summary of ...
Koren Gideon - - 2014
In April 2014 Tennessee acted to criminalize pregnant women who use illegal drugs and have an offspring "considered harmed". We discuss seven major reasons why this law is wrong and dangerous.  Criminalizing vulnerable, addicted mothers scare them away from treatment. The new law will practically target the poor, vulnerable, uninsured ...
Strech Daniel D Hannover Medical School, CELLS - Centre for Ethics and Law in the Life Sciences, Institute for History, Ethics and Philosophy of Medicine, Hannover, - - 2014
According to the Declaration of Helsinki and other guidelines, clinical studies should be approved by a research ethics committee and seek valid informed consent from the participants. Editors of medical journals are encouraged by the ICMJE and COPE to include requirements for these principles in the journal's instructions for authors. ...
Feuerstein Joseph D JD Department of Medicine and Division of Gastroenterology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the validity of guidelines published by interventional medical societies. We reviewed the interventional medicine subspecialty society websites of the American Association for Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology (AABIP), American Society of Diagnostic and Interventional Nephrology (ASDIN), American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE), and Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions ...
Dipaola Christian P CP Department of Orthopedics, Spine Division, University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, Massachusetts; - - 2013
Object Conflict of interest (COI) as it applies to medical education and training has become a source of considerable interest, debate, and regulation in the last decade. Companies often pay surgeons as faculty for educational events and often sponsor and give financial support to major professional society meetings. Professional medical ...
Li Li Bin - - 2013
Critical care medicine in China has made great advances in recent decades. This has led to an unavoidable issue: end-of-life ethics. With advances in medical technology and therapeutics allowing the seemingly limitless maintenance of life, the exact time of death of an individual patient is often determined by the decision ...
Casanova James E - - 2013
A FASEB Summer Research Conference entitled 'Arf and Rab family G proteins' was held in July 2013 at Snowmass Village, Snowmass, Colorado. Arfs and Rabs are two families of GTPases that control membrane trafficking in eukaryotic cells, and increasing evidence indicates that their functions are tightly coordinated. Because many workers ...
Cornet Gérard G SFTAG and ISG Research Associations. - - 2013
From his experience as ethical expert for two Robot Companion prototype projects aiming at empowering older MCI persons to remain at home and to support their family carers, Gerard Cornet, Gerontologist, review the ethical rules, principles and pragmatic approaches in different cultures. The ethical process of these two funded projects, ...
Yim Seon-Hee SH Department of Medical Education, Integrated Research Center for Genome Polymorphism, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul 137-701, - - 2013
The rapid advances in genetic knowledge and technology raise various, sometimes unprecedented, ethical dilemmas in the scientific community as well as the public realm. To deal with these dilemmas, the international community has prepared and issued ethical standards in various formats. In this review, seven international standards regarding genetics and ...
McLeod-Sordjan Renee - - 2013
Evidence-based practice suggests the best approach to improving professionalism in practice is ethics curricula. However, recent research has demonstrated that millennium graduates do not advocate for patients or assert themselves during moral conflicts. The aim of this article is the exploration of evaluation techniques to evaluate one measurable outcome of ...
Cacique Denis Barbosa - - 2013
This study aimed to develop and validate the contents of the Mosaico de Opiniões Sobre o Aborto Induzido (Mosai), a structured questionnaire intended to be used as a tool to collect information about the views of health professionals about the morality of abortion. The contents of the first version of ...
Clancy Tara - - 2013
This article examines how to develop confidence and competence in tailoring genetic/genomic information for different patients. The focus is on the issues that nurses working in a multicultural society need to be aware of, and include taking into account people's ethnicity, culture, religion and ethical perspectives, as well as their ...
Harper Joyce C - - 2013
In March 2005, a group of experts from the European Society of Human Genetics and European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology met to discuss the interface between genetics and assisted reproductive technology (ART), and published an extended background paper, recommendations and two Editorials. Seven years later, in March 2012, ...
Sparks Susan E - - 2013
Since phenylketonuria was first screened for in the 1960s, newborn screening has expanded to include more than 30 conditions. This commentary provides an update on newborn screening, including the follow-up of abnormal findings, the limitations of such screening, and the ethical questions that screening raises.
Alfonso F F Network of the European, Society of Cardiology, Madrid, Spain, - - 2013
European Society of Cardiology (ESC) National Society Cardiovascular Journals (NSCJs) are high-quality biomedical journals focused on cardiovascular diseases. The Editors' Network of the ESC devises editorial initiatives aimed at improving the scientific quality and diffusion of NSCJ. In this article we will discuss on the importance of the Internet, electronic ...
Alarcon Emilio Isaac EI Department of Chemistry and Centre for Catalysis Research and Innovation, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, - - 2013
In memoriam of Elsa Abuin (1942-2012), teacher, mentor and friend. This Special Issue presents a collection of review articles and papers dedicated to the memory of Elsa Abuin and most of them presented during the Meeting of the Latin-American photochemists (Encuentro Latino-Americano de Fotoquímica y Fotobiología, ELAFOT) held in October ...
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