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Pierce Glenn L GL School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
The available evidence suggests that more restrictive state firearm sales laws can reduce criminal access to guns. California has firearm-related laws that are more stringent than many other states and regulates its retail firearms dealers to a unique degree. This research seeks to examine the effect of more restrictive state ...
Lesthaeghe Ron R Royal Flemish Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1000 Brussels, Belgium - - 2014
This article gives a concise overview of the theoretical development of the concept of the "second demographic transition" since it was coined in 1986, its components, and its applicability, first to European populations and subsequently also to non-European societies as well. Both the demographic and the societal contrasts between the ...
Snyder-Mackler Noah N Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, Duke University, Durham, - - 2014
Multi-level societies with fission-fusion dynamics - arguably the most complex animal societies - are defined by two or more nested levels of organization. The core of these societies are modular social units that regularly fission and fuse with one another. Despite their convergent evolution in disparate taxa, we know strikingly ...
Anolak Helena H Federation University, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The debate revolving around foetal vs maternal rights has been philosophised for years. It has captured attention internationally with the European Court of Human Rights struggling for over five decades to define personhood, and is still yet to reach a definite formulation. A proposed Law Crimes Amendment Bill (Zoe's Law, ...
Cook Amanda A Government Affairs Coordinator for Children's Healthcare of - - 2014
Currently, all 50 states and the District of Columbia have youth concussion laws based on the core principals of the 2009 Lystedt Law of Washington State. On April 23, 2013, the state of Georgia signed into law House Bill 284, "The Return to Play Act of 2013" and became one ...
Behzad B B Department of Information Systems, College of Business Administration, California State University, Long Beach, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Wearing a seatbelt can prevent motor vehicle crash deaths. While primary seatbelt laws are designed to encourage vehicle passengers to wear seatbelts by allowing law enforcement officers to issue tickets when passengers do not wear seatbelts, discomfort may discourage obese individuals from wearing a seatbelt. The objective of this study ...
Ulman Yesim Isil YI Department of Medical History and Ethics, Acibadem University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Neuromarketing is a recent interdisciplinary field which crosses traditional boundaries between neuroscience, neuroeconomics and marketing research. Since this nascent field is primarily concerned with improving marketing strategies and promoting sales, there has been an increasing public aversion and protest against it. These protests can be exemplified by the reactions observed ...
Raymond Elizabeth G EG Gynuity Health Projects, 15 E 26th Street, Suite 801, New York, NY, 10010, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The recent surge of new legislation regulating induced abortion in the United States is ostensibly motivated by the desire to protect women's health. To provide context for interpreting the risk of abortion, we compared abortion-related mortality to mortality associated with other outpatient surgical procedures and selected nonmedical activities. We calculated ...
Benatar Solomon S Bioethics Centre, University of Cape Town, South Africa, and Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, Canada. - - 2014
 Twenty years after transition to a constitutional democracy, South Africa faces major challenges in almost very aspect of life, ranging from meeting daily subsistence requirements for all its citizens, through providing access to education and primary healthcare, to the functioning of our legal system and governance from local to national ...
Sprung Charles L CL Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Withholding life-sustaining treatments (WHLST) and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments (WDLST) occur in most intensive care units (ICUs) around the world to varying degrees. Speakers from invited faculty of the World Federation of Societies of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine Congress in 2013 with an interest in ethics were approached to participate ...
Rosen Allyson C AC Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, USA Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
There are several points where ethical decision-making has become paralyzed and inefficient as the field of Alzheimer's disease study has advanced. The focus of this review is to highlight these points and several lines of research that can inform ethical decision-making. The goal is to identify barriers and to move ...
Fell James C JC a Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation , Calverton , - - 2014
The public generally assumes that the minimum legal drinking age of 21 (MLDA-21) legislation in the United States is embodied in a single law and therefore all states have the same law. Actually, the MLDA-21 state laws consist of multiple provisions that support the core MLDA-21 laws and include a ...
Guclu Hasan H University of Pittsburgh, Public Health Dynamics Laboratory and Department of Biostatistics, Graduate School of Public Health, -Pittsburgh, - - 2014
This study explored if and to what extent the laws of U.S. states mirrored the U.S. federal laws for responding to nuclear-radiological emergencies (NREs). Emergency laws from a 12-state sample and the federal government were retrieved and translated into numeric codes representing acting agents, their partner agents, and the purposes ...
Farisco Michele M Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics, Uppsala, Sweden. E-mail: - - 2014
Difficulties of behavioral assessment of consciousness. An astonishingly high rate of misdiagnosis between vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome and minimally conscious state has been detected. This raises the issue of the adequacy of the consciousness' assessment in patients with disorders of consciousness. The behavioral assessment of consciousness could be not able ...
Bruton Samuel V - - 2014
The concept of self-plagiarism frequently elicits skepticism and generates confusion in the research ethics literature, and the ethical status of what is often called "textual recycling" is particularly controversial. I argue that, in general, self-plagiarism is unethical because it is deceptive and dishonest. I then distinguish several forms of it ...
Holoyda Brian B Dr. Holoyda is a general psychiatry resident and Dr. Newman is Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Associate Training Director of the Forensic Psychiatry Fellowship Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of California-Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA. - - 2014
Although societies' responses to bestiality have varied internationally, the response in the United States has typically involved condemnation and prosecution. Currently, there are 31 states with statutes prohibiting human-animal sexual contact. Despite the prevalence of antibestiality legislation, there is limited case law in the United States. Most commonly, bestiality arises ...
Massey Douglas S DS Henry G. Bryant Professor of Sociology and Public Affairs at Princeton - - 2014
Intersectionality is the study of how categorical distinctions made on the basis of race, class, and gender interact to generate inequality, and this concept has become a primary lens by which scholars have come to model social stratification in the United States. In addition to the historically powerful interaction between ...
Kramp Joseph M - - 2013
The author argues that the paucity of options for sanctioned rebellion in contemporary American society drive an ever-increasing number of idealistic youth in search of isolation in nature, where they construct what the author here calls "nature religions." These worldviews focus on purification of falsehood, ritualized through enduring extreme physical ...
- - 2013
Laura Parish outlines the BVA's new structure for graduate support, which the Association is rolling out with a pilot of centrally organised Young Vet Network (YVN) meetings.
Amis Debby - - 2013
In this column, Debby Amis provides expert commentary on the article "Supporting Healthy and Normal Physiologic Childbirth: A Consensus Statement by ACNM, MANA, and NACPM."
Vallgårda Signild S Unit of Health Services Research, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2012
Nudging, or libertarian paternalism, is presented as a new and ethically justified way of improving people's health. It has proved influential and is currently taken up by the governments in the US, the UK and France. One may question the claim that the approach is new, in any case it ...
Brown Abraham A Centre for Tobacco Control Research, Institute for Social Marketing, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK. - - 2012
Although most countries now have at least some restrictions on tobacco marketing, the tobacco industry meet these restrictions by re-allocating expenditure to unregulated channels, such as at point-of-purchase. Longitudinal data from 10 Canadian provinces in the International Tobacco Control Survey was analysed to examine adult smokers' support for a ban ...
Rauprich Oliver - - 2011
Specification is an integral part of Tom L Beauchamp and James F Childress' principlist approach to biomedical ethics. At the same time, the authors give much space conceding to critics that the method has significant limits. Although their pointing to limitations is not unreasonable as such, the emphasis Beauchamp and ...
Then Shih-Ning - - 2011
In Australia, young children who lack decision-making capacity can have regenerative tissue removed to treat another person suffering from a severe or life-threatening disease. While great good can potentially result from this as the recipient's life may be saved, ethical unease remains over the "use" of young children in this ...
Burls Amanda - - 2011
Objectives: Values are intrinsic to the use of health technology assessments (HTAs) in health policy, but neglecting value assumptions in HTA makes their results appear more robust or normatively neutral than may be the case. Results of a 2003 survey by the International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment ...
Che Jia J Graduate Student, JSPS Research Fellow, Department of Interregional Environmental System, Graduate School of International Cultural Studies, Tohoku University, 41 Kawauchi, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8576, - - 2011
In the area of end-of-life vehicle (ELV) recycling, Japan passed the Automobile Recycling Law in January 2005, the first in Asia. Korea followed suit with the passage of the resource circulation method in 2009. China is expected make a new recycling law in 2011. In contribution to these initiatives, Tohoku ...
Nelson Lawrence M - - 2011
Lectureship endowment funds are created to honor major contributions that have clearly advanced a field. In some select cases they recognize the contributions of a transformational leader. Such was the case in the creation of the Wulf H. Utian Endowed Lectureship Fund. The express purpose of the fund is to ...
Gavrus Delia - - 2011
Summary:In the 1930s and 1940s, neurosurgeons and clinical neurologists engaged in a fierce exchange on the scope of their specialties. Neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield's rhetoric of therapeutic superiority had a strong impact both on the Rockefeller Foundation's support for his institute and on the self-fashioning of neurologists. Neurologists articulated their identity ...
Totaro Angelo - - 2011
The aim of this article is to describe the circumcision procedure during history, its therapeutic and preventive goals, with focus on bioethical, economic and law issues. The origins of this practice are lost in antiquity. It was performed since 3000 BC by the Egyptians for hygienic and religious reasons. Moreover, ...
Horvath Jared C - - 2011
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive neurostimulatory and neuromodulatory technique increasingly used in clinical and research practices around the world. Historically, the ethical considerations guiding the therapeutic practice of TMS were largely concerned with aspects of subject safety in clinical trials. While safety remains of paramount importance, the recent ...
Weiss Harold - - 2010
Twenty-seven states have youth-specific helmet laws even though such laws have been shown to decrease helmet use and increase youth mortality compared with all-age (universal) laws. Our goal was to quantify the impact of age-specific helmet laws on youth under age 20 hospitalized with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Our cross-sectional ...
Crosbie Eric E Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, San Francisco, CA 94143-13990, - - 2011
To describe the approval process and implementation of the 100% smokefree law in Mexico City and a competing federal law between 2007 and 2010. Reviewed smokefree legislation, published newspaper articles and interviewed key informants. Strong efforts by tobacco control advocacy groups and key policymakers in Mexico City in 2008 prompted ...
Dewhurst Dale - - 2010
Authors examining the developing dispute resolution alternatives to the adversarial system have identified nine converging "vectors" or alternatives in what has been termed the Comprehensive Law Movement. These authors have sought to understand how the developing vectors can remain separate and vibrant movements while sharing common ground. Some analyze these ...
Voultsos Polychronis - - 2011
Since the creation of the first national DNA database in Europe in 1995, many European countries have legislated laws for initiating and regulating their own databases. The Greek government legislated a law in 2008, by which the National DNA Database of Greece was founded and regulated. According to this law, ...
Studdert David M - - 2010
Health professionals worry that information about adverse events conveyed to patients in open disclosure (OD) may be used against them in medicolegal proceedings. Whether and how strongly state and federal laws in Australia protect against such uses is unclear. Our analysis concludes that existing laws do not prohibit the sharing ...
Passmore Jonathon W - - 2010
Road traffic injuries are a leading cause of death and disability in Viet Nam. In 2008, official data reported 11 243 deaths and 7771 serious injuries on the roads, of which an estimated 60% of fatalities occur in motorcycle riders and passengers. In recognition of this problem, Viet Nam has had ...
Sztajnkrycer Matthew D - - 2010
In the absence of other data, military Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) precepts are increasingly being adapted to law enforcement needs. The purpose of this study is to better describe the nature of potentially preventable law enforcement Line-of-Duty Deaths (LODDs) occurring as a result of felonious assaults. A retrospective analysis ...
Laurie Graeme - - 2010
The second conference of the European Association of Health Law took place in the Royal College of Physicians in Edinburgh, Scotland on 15-16 October 2009. The event was generously sponsored by the British Academy and the AHRC/SCRIPT research centre based in the School of Law at the University of Edinburgh. ...
de A e Tréz Thales - - 2010
The very first law on animal experimentation has been approved recently in Brazil, and now is part of a set of the legal instruments that profile the Brazilian government's attitude toward the use of animals in experiments. Law 11794/08 establishes a new legal instrument that will guide new methods of ...
Brooks Erin - - 2010
The trend in state motorcycle helmet laws has been a reduction from universal coverage requiring all riders to wear helmets, to partial coverage requiring only younger riders to wear helmets. In the current study we evaluate whether partial helmet laws reduce motorcycle fatalities and increase helmet compliance among young riders. ...
Chaudhary Neil K - - 2010
Maine upgraded its seat belt law to primary enforcement on September 20, 2007. Belt observations during the day and night were conducted along with awareness surveys in state licensing offices. Both daytime and nighttime observed belt use increased in the months following implementation of the law (daytime 77-84%; night 69-81%). ...
Zimmermann Agnieszka - - 2010
As one of its aspects, the process of European integration has an influence on the legal orders of the Member States, which is often referred to in the literature as the europeization of law. Upon Poland's accession to the structures of the European Union, there have also been radical changes ...
Timmerman Nancy S - - 2010
This paper will examine some of the logical consequences of laws and policymaking as they relate to acoustics. In acoustics and noise control, "public policy" is used to try to legislate good behavior. Those who behave well do not need the laws. Those who do not will not obey the ...
Henning Kristin - - 2010
Article 12 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child clearly recognizes the importance of the child's voice in judicial proceedings that affect him or her. Nowhere is the child's voice more important than in delinquency proceedings where decisions will be made about the child's liberty, rehabilitative ...
Davis Dena S - - 2010
Tort law is an important tool in enforcing a minimal level of good behavior. But what is appropriate for law is not necessarily appropriate for ethics or for norms of professional practice.
Fisher Carl E - - 2010
In this paper, we review recent neuroimaging investigations of disorders of consciousness and different disciplines' understanding of consciousness itself. We consider potential tests of consciousness, their legal significance, and how they map onto broader themes in U.S. statutory law pertaining to advance directives and surrogate decision-making. In the process, we ...
Shaheed Farida - - 2010
In Pakistan, the self-serving use of Islam by more secular elements alongside politico-religious ones facilitated the latter's increasing influence and the conflation and intricate interweaving of Islam and Pakistani nationhood. A paradigm shift under Zia's martial law revamped society as much as state laws, producing both religiously defined militias and ...
Cherry Robert A - - 2010
In June of 2003 the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania passed S. 259 which repealed the state's 35-year old motorcycle helmet safety law. Motorcycle helmets are now only required for riders who are under the age of 21 and for those who are 21 years or older who have had a motorcycle ...
Apostolou Menelaos - - 2010
Parents are influential over mate choice, and in most human societies they choose spouses for their offspring according to their own preferences. However, surprising little is known about the qualities which make a woman desirable as a daughter-in-law and a man desirable as a son-in-law. Using evidence from 67 societies ...
Sebrié Ernesto M - - 2010
To describe the process of approval and implementation of a comprehensive smoke-free law in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, between 2005 and 2009. Review of the Santa Fe smoke-free legislation, articles published in local newspapers and documentation on two lawsuits filed against the law, and interviews with key individuals ...
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