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Jankowski Jane J Alden March Bioethics Institute, Albany Medical College, 47 New Scotland Avenue, MC 153, Albany, NY, 12208, USA, - - 2014
This paper discusses the ethical issues related to hemicorporectomy surgery, a radical procedure that removes the lower half of the body in order to prolong life. The literature on hemicorporectomy (HC), also called translumbar amputation, has been nearly silent on the ethical considerations relevant to this rare procedure. We explore ...
Guérin Nicolas N Aix Marseille Université, Psychology, LPCLS EA 3278, Avenue Schuman, Aix en Provence, 13190, - - 2014
This article can be characterized as a 'rediscovery' of a notion of psychoanalysis that had disappeared or had been confused by later operations. The authors explore a Freudian notion that has been unjustly misunderstood, especially because of the multiple ways in which 'Unglaube' - disbelief - has been translated. We ...
- - 2014
Abstracts from the 3rd World Congress on Vascular Access, WoCoVA 2014, Berlin - Germany, 18-20 June 2014.
Wilkinson Timothy M TM Politics, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
This article continues a debate with Gareth Jones about the ethics of anatomy. The article discusses the distinction between direct and indirect reasons to require the deceased's consent prior to anatomical use. Getting this distinction wrong has potentially radical and unwelcome implications for the ethics of many uses of dead ...
Walker Larry L Walker Company Healthcare Consulting LLC, Wilsonville, OR, USA. - - 2014
The board's conflict of interest policy enable ethical governance and protects the hospital's reputation.
Svilicić Niksa - - 2013
Unlike all other autocracies, authoritarian regimes are, as the ultimate form of authoritarianism, a distinct phenomenon of the modern era. Caused by the crisis of liberal democracy and industrial capitalism of the early twentieth century, and led by radical populist political movements/parties and their leaders, they established themselves as the ...
Ramadan Tariq T Oriental Institute, St. Antony's College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. - - 2013
In this paper, I explore the concept of applied Islamic ethics, the facts, its challenges, and its future. I aim to highlight some of the deep-rooted issues that Muslims have faced historically and continue to experience today as they apply religious guidance to their daily lives. I consider the causes ...
Wiessner Polly - - 2012
In 1990, shotguns and M-16s were adopted into Enga warfare, setting off some 15 years of devastation as youths (~17 to 28) took charge of interclan warfare. In response, people called on elder leaders to adapt customary institutions to restore peace; subsequently, war deaths and the frequency of war declined ...
High Alexander A - - 2012
This is a reply to a comment posted on our paper and does not have an abstract.
- - 2012
Refers to: Subhendu Mukherjee, Istvan Lekli, Narasimman Gurusamy, Alberto A.A. Bertelli, Dipak K. Das RETRACTED: Expression of the longevity proteins by both red and white wines and their cardioprotective components, resveratrol, tyrosol, and hydroxytyrosol. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, Volume 46, Issue 5, 1 March 2009, Pages 573-578. The above ...
- - 2012
Refers to: Samarjit Das, Nadeem Khan, Subhendu Mukherjee, Debasis Bagchi, Narasimman Gurusamy, Harold Swartz, Dipak K. Das. RETRACTED: Redox regulation of resveratrol-mediated switching of death signal into survival signalFree Radical Biology and Medicine, Volume 44, Issue 1, 1 January 2008, Pages 82-90. The above article has been retracted at the ...
Tomkins-Lane Christy C - - 2012
COMMENTARY ON: Rainville J, Childs LA, Peña EB, et al. Quantification of walking ability in subjects with neurogenic claudication from lumbar spinal stenosis-a comparative study. Spine J 2012;12:101-9 (in this issue).
Glick Shimon - - 2012
The discipline of synthetic biology may be one of the most dramatic advances of the past few decades. It represents a radical upgrading of humankind's ability to manipulate the world in which we live. The potential for benefits to society is enormous, but the risks for deliberate abuse or dangerous ...
Schoenberg Mike R - - 2011
The understanding of seizures and epilepsy as a disease has accelerated to reflect advances in the understanding of the interplay of seizures and epilepsy on neurophysiology, neuroplasticity, sleep, neuropsychology, behavior and social functioning of the individual, which interact with and can be affected by an individual's quality of life, educational ...
Klein-Weigel P - - 2011
Due to its high association with Raynaud's phenomenon systemic sclerosis (SSc) is probably the most common connective tissue disease seen by vascular specialists. In part 1 of our systematic overview we summarize classification concepts of scleroderma disorders, the epidemiologic and genetic burden, the complex pathophysiologic background, and the clinical features ...
Hoeper M M - - 2010
The 2009 European Guidelines on Pulmonary Hypertension did not cover only pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) but also some aspects of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in chronic lung disease. The European Guidelines point out that the drugs currently used to treat patients with PAH (prostanoids, endothelin receptor antagonists and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors) have ...
Nelson William A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to assess the presence of ethics committees in rural critical access hospitals across the United States. Several studies have investigated the presence of ethics committees in rural health care facilities. The limitation of these studies is in the definition of 'rural hospital' and a ...
Appleyard Ray - - 2010
The creation in 1955 of the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) was driven by the potential dangers of worldwide radioactive fall-out from the testing of nuclear bombs: both a cold war political issue and a complex radiological problem. Sir Raymond Appleyard was Secretary of ...
- - 2010
International humanitarian medical efforts provide essential services to patients who would not otherwise have access to specific health care services. The Committees on Ethics and Global Women's Health of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists encourage College Fellows and other health care professionals to participate in international humanitarian medical ...
- - 2010
Antimicrobial prophylaxis for cesarean delivery has been a general practice for cesarean deliveries because it significantly reduces postoperative maternal infectious morbidity. Recently, several randomized clinical trials investigated the timing of antimicrobial prophylaxis for cesarean delivery. The Committee on Obstetric Practice recommends antimicrobial prophylaxis for all cesarean deliveries unless the patient ...
Lyon Ho - - 2011
Abstract In the 10th issue of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC), under the heading of Regulatory affairs, the Biological Stain Commission's International Affairs Committee presents information from the meeting of ISO/TC 212/WG 1 held in London, UK, on 16-17 November 2009. Furthermore, the items ISO CEN Vienna Agreement ...
Simek Jiri - - 2010
Reflecting on a three year long exploratory research of ethics committees in the Czech Republic authors discuss the current role and identity of research ethics committees. The research of Czech ethics committees focused on both self-presentation and self-understanding of ECs members, and how other stakeholders (representatives of the pharmaceutical industry) ...
- - 2010
The work models for the obstetric-gynecologic hospitalist and the obstetric laborist are gaining popularity and momentum in hospitals across the nation. These models could be timely solutions to the challenging demands of the general practice of obstetrics and gynecology. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports the continued development ...
- - 2010
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved two devices for hysteroscopic tubal sterilization. To minimize the failure rates of these effective methods, it is important for health care providers to understand the important role hysterosalpingography (HSG) plays in any hysteroscopic tubal sterilization procedure. The purpose of this Committee Opinion ...
Rwabihama Jean-Paul - - 2010
The conduct of medical research led by Northern countries in developing countries raises ethical questions. The assessment of research protocols has to be twofold, with a first reading in the country of origin and a second one in the country where the research takes place. This reading should benefit from ...
Mercurio M R - - 2011
Institutional Ethics Committees are commonly available in hospitals with newborn intensive care units, and may serve as a valuable resource for staff and parents dealing with difficult ethical decisions. Many clinicians may be unaware of when the committee might be helpful, or how it functions. After a brief historical introduction, ...
Yoneda Toshiyuki - - 2010
Bisphosphonates (BPs) have been widely, efficiently, and safely used for the treatment of osteoporosis, malignant hypercalcemia, bone metastasis of solid cancers, and multiple myeloma bone diseases. Accumulating recent reports describe that surgical dental treatments in patients with cancer or osteoporosis who have been receiving intravenous or oral BPs are associated ...
Okazaki Kazuichi - - 2010
As the number of patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is increasing in Japan, practical guidelines for managing AIP need to be established. Three committees [the professional committee for developing clinical questions (CQs) and statements by Japanese specialists, the expert panelist committee for rating statements by the modified Delphi method, and ...
Gaudine Alice - - 2010
To investigate the current status of hospital clinical ethics committees (CEC) and how they have evolved in Canada over the past 20 years, this paper presents an overview of the findings from a 2008 survey and compares these findings with two previous Canadian surveys conducted in 1989 and 1984. All ...
- - 2009
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive disorder of phenylalanine (Phe) metabolism characterized by a deficiency of the hepatic enzyme, phenylalanine hydroxylase, an enzyme responsible for the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine, and elevated levels of Phe and Phe metabolite. All women with PKU or hyperphenylalaninemia should be strongly encouraged to ...
Nyika Aceme - - 2009
A needs assessment survey of ethics review committees (ERCs) across Africa was conducted in order to establish their major needs and areas of weaknesses in terms of ethical review capacity. The response rate was 84% (31 of 37 targeted committees), and committees surveyed were located in 18 African countries. The ...
Ricci Giovanna - - 2009
Research Ethics Committees (RECs) carry out the important task of humanizing clinical trials. While current Italian and international legislation dedicates considerable attention to REC composition, with consensus on several vital guidelines, no such univocal guidelines are available for REC training in Europe. In Italy, the activity of RECs is subject ...
Reed A I - - 2009
The American Society of Transplant Surgeons (ASTS) was asked to endorse the 'The Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism.' The document has been reviewed by the ASTS Ethics Committee and their ensuing report was presented, discussed and approved by the ASTS Council. The ASTS vigorously supports the ...
Hernandez R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Directive 2001/20/EC was an important first step towards consistency in the requirements and processes for clinical trials across Europe. However, by applying the same rules to all types of drug trials and transposing the Directive's principles into pre-existing national legislations, the Directive somewhat failed to meet its facilitation ...
Tweedy S M - - 2011
The Classification Code of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), inter alia, mandates the development of evidence-based systems of classification. This paper provides a scientific background for classification in Paralympic sport, defines evidence-based classification and provides guidelines for how evidence-based classification may be achieved. Classification is a process in which a ...
Sch??nemann Holger J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Competing interests occur frequently in health care. This results in the potential for conflict of interest (COI). COI can lead to biased generation or assessment of evidence and misinform healthcare decision makers. Declaration of COI is insufficient to neutralize potentially harmful effects. Medical professional societies are obliged to develop ...
Arda Berna - - 2009
In this article, the relationship between ethics bodies and democratic concepts will be introduced. One should bear in mind that the relationship between the flourishing of ethics committees (EC) and democracy is by no means undirectional. The line of causation can easily be reversed as a higher level of democracy ...
Krahn Andrew D - - 2009
The Canadian Heart Rhythm Society (CHRS) Device Advisory Committee was commissioned to respond to advisories regarding cardiac rhythm device and lead performance on behalf of the CHRS. In the event of an advisory, the Chair uses an e-mail network to disseminate advisory information to Committee members broadly representative of the ...
- - 2009
Presents a list of the American Psychological Association's officers, boards, committees, and representatives for the year 2009. This list includes the Council of Representatives; Boards and Committees Reporting Directly to the Council of Representatives; Standing Boards and Committees; Continuing Committees; Ad Hoc Committees and Task Forces; Other Organizations of Interest ...
Lyon H O - - 2009
In this fifth issue of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC), under the heading of Regulatory Affairs, the BSC's International Affairs Committee provides more information from the meeting of the International Standards Organization ISO/TC 212 Committee that took place on June 2-4, 2008 at Vancouver, Canada. In addition, we ...
Carey Lindsay B - - 2010
This paper presents the results of the largest Australian pastoral study concerning the perceptions of health care chaplains about their involvement on hospital research ethics committees (also known in some contexts as institutional ethics committees). Survey results from over 300 Australian health care chaplains indicated that nearly 90% of chaplains ...
Pehboeck Daniel - - 2009
To evaluate the satisfaction of clinical scientists when submitting study drafts to an ethics committee/clinical trials register (CLINICALTRIALS, EUDRACT, ISRCTN) we conducted an online survey of 240 authors publishing in anesthesia/critical care medicine (A) or in major general medical (M) journals from January to December 2007. No statistical difference between ...
Carstens E B - - 2009
In accordance with the Statutes of the International Committee of Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV), the final stage in the process of making changes to the Universal Scheme of Virus Classification is the ratification of taxonomic proposals by ICTV Members. This can occur either at a Plenary meeting of ICTV, held ...
Kellermann Michael - - 2009
This paper estimates the effects of initial committee seniority on the career histories of Democratic members of the House of Representatives from 1949 to 2006. When more than one freshman representative is assigned to a committee, positions in the seniority queue are established by lottery. Randomization ensures that queue positions ...
Patterson Robert - - 2009
Otto Schmitt was one of the early giants in biomedical engineering. Best known in engineering circles for the Schmitt Trigger, he also made many other significant scientific contributions. Besides his scientific work Otto was involved in early organizational activities, which included the first large professional BME meeting in Minneapolis in ...
Russ Hagen - - 2009
The review of requests for a positive opinion of the ethics committees (application procedure) as a requirement to start a clinical trial in Germany has been completely redesigned with the transposition of EU Directive 2001/20/EC in the 12(th) Amendment of the German Medicines Act in August 2004. The experience of ...
Sanger Eugene F - - 2009
This Classic Article is a reprint of the original work by E. F. Sanger, Report of the Committee on Suits for Malpractice. An accompanying biographical sketch of E. F. Sanger, AM, MD, is available at DOI 10.1007/s11999-008-0640-6 . The Classic Article is (c)1879 and is reprinted with courtesy from Sanger ...
Saunders John - - 2008
Key influences may be hard to identify. In this personal paper I reflect on the role of the Chair of the Committee for Ethical Issues in Medicine (CEIM) and on ethical issues that have involved the Royal College of Physicians (RCP). The committee has a diverse membership including several distinguished ...
McGuinness S - - 2008
This paper is an examination of how research ethics committees have evolved from being advisory committees to more formal regulatory authorities. It is argued that the role of ethics committees should be broader than simple ethical review. Inconsistency in outcome should not be taken to signal failure. Procedural fairness is ...
Pedersen Reidar - - 2009
Clinical ethics committees have recently been established in nearly all Norwegian hospital trusts. One important task for these committees is clinical ethics consultations. This qualitative study explores significant barriers confronting the ethics committees in providing such consultation services. The interviews with the committees indicate that there is a substantial need ...
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